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BLUEFIELDS INDIAN AND CARIBBEAN UNIVERSITY (BICU)

SCHOOL OF CIVIL ENGINEERING

CAREER: CIVIL ENGINEERING

LEVEL: III YEAR

SHIFT: EVENING

TOPIC: SCIENCE AND POLICY FOR A LOW-CARBON ECONOMY

PREPARED BY: BR. OLIVER FARM ACEVEDO

ORIENTED CONFERENCE BY: DANIEL M. KAMMEN.

BLUEFIELDS 17/OCTUBRE/2010

"EDUCATION IS THE BEST OPTION FOR COASTAL PEOPLE"

This paper refers Science And Politics For A Low Carbon Economy, pros and cons of the policies implemented and possible alternative solutions to global warming. The main objective which this essay is to see because it is important to reduce the amount of carbon dioxide that we throw into the atmosphere, and as the science and application of a good policy for low-carbon can significantly help to solve the problem of global warming. The main effect that causes global warming is the greenhouse effect, a phenomenon referred to absorption by certain gases in the atmosphere mainly H2O, CO2 and O3 followed by energy from the soil emits, as a result of being heated by the solar radiation. I think there is no single solution to global warming, which is mainly a problem of too much carbon dioxide that traps heat (CO2), methane and nitrous oxide in the atmosphere. The technologies and approaches that I describe below are all required to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by at least 80 percent by midcentury, each one no less important than the other. Spurring energy efficiency: The energy used to power, heat and cool our homes, businesses and industries is the largest contributor to global warming. Energy efficiency technologies allow us to use less energy to achieve the same or higher level of production, service and comfort. This approach has enormous potential to save energy and money, and can be deployed quickly. Ecological transport: transport sector emissions have increased at a faster rate than any other energy use sector in the last decade. A variety of solutions are at hand, including improved efficiency (miles per gallon) in all modes of transport, switching to lower carbon fuels, and reducing vehicle miles traveled through smart growth and systems more efficient transport communication. How to accelerate renewable energy: renewable energy sources like solar, wind, geothermal and bioenergy are available worldwide. Multiple studies have demonstrated that renewable energy has the technical potential to meet the vast majority of our energy needs. Renewable technologies can be implemented quickly, are becoming more profitable and create jobs and reduce pollution. The phasing out of fossil fuel electricity: drastically reduce the use of fossil fuels, especially carbon-intensive coal is essential to combat climate change. There are many ways to begin this process. The key steps of action include not build new coal plants to power, initiating a phased closure of coal plants starting with the oldest and dirty, and capture and store carbon emissions from power plants.

While it may sound like science fiction, the technology to store carbon emissions underground. The technology has not been deployed on a large scale or found safe and permanent, but it has been shown in other contexts, such as oil and natural gas recovery. Demonstration projects to test the feasibility and costs of this technology for power plant emissions are worth pursuing. Management of forests and agriculture: taken together, tropical deforestation and emissions from agriculture account for about 30 percent of greenhouse emissions worldwide. We can fight global warming by reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation and to make our practices more sustainable food production. Nuclear scan: Because nuclear power results in few global warming emissions, a higher proportion of nuclear energy in the energy mix could help reduce global warming, but nuclear technology poses a serious threat to our security and, as the accident at the plant in Fukushima in Japan Diaichi illustrates our health and the environment as well. The question remains: can the safety, proliferation, waste disposal, and cost barriers of nuclear energy to overcome? Development and deployment of new low carbon technologies and carbon zero: Research and development of the next generation of low carbon technologies will be key to deep mid-century the reduction of global emissions. Current research on battery technology, new materials for solar cells, use of energy from new sources such as bacteria and algae, and other innovative areas could provide important advances. Ensure sustainable development: The countries of the world-from the most to least, vary significantly in their contributions to the problem of climate change and their responsibilities and capabilities to cope. A successful global agreement on climate change should include financial support from rich countries to poor countries to help make the transition to developing low carbon emissions and help adapt to climate change impacts. Adapting to changes already under way: As the map shows Warm weather, global warming impacts are already being felt by people around the world. If climate change continues unchecked, these impacts will almost certainly get worse. Since the rise in sea level to heat waves, extreme weather outbreaks of disease, each unique challenge requires appropriate local solutions to prepare for and respond to the impacts of global warming. Unfortunately, that will be most affected, and for the first time by the impacts of climate change is likely to be the. Poor and vulnerable, especially the least developed countries Developed countries should assume a leadership role in providing financial and technical assistance for adaptation.