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SCIENCE & HUMANITIES Course File

Department: SCIENCE AND HUMANITIES Name of the Subject: MATHEMATICAL METHODS Subject Code: 51002

JOGINPALLY B.R. ENGINEERING COLLEGE YENKAPALLY(V),MOINABAD(M),R.R.DIST,HYDERABAD

Year:2009-2010

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Department of SCIENCE & HUMANITIES

Course File

1.

Department: S&H

2.

Name of the Subject: Mathematical Methods

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Subject Code: 51002

JOGINPALLY B.R. ENGINEERING COLLEGE YENKAPALLY(V),MOINABAD(M),R.R.DIST,HYDERABAD

Year: 2010-2011 Department of SCIENCE & Course Status Paper (Target, Course Plan, objectives, Guidelines

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HUMANITIES

etc.)

Target:

1. Percentage Pass: __________98%______________

2. Percentage above 70% of marks: 90%____________ Course Plan: (Please write how you intend to cover the contents: that is, coverage of units by lectures, guest lectures, design exercises, solving numerical problems, demonstration of models, model preparation, or by assignments etc.) a. Design exercises, b. Solving numerical problems, c. Model preparation by assignments etc 3. On completion of the course the student shall be able to: Understand the importance of Mathematics in Engineering Course. To apply the mathematical knowledge and logical thinking in other subjects 4. Method of Evaluation: 3.1. 3.2. 3.3. 3.4. Continuous Assessment Examination: Yes Assignments: Yes Questions in class room: Yes Quiz as per University Norms: Yes

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3.5.

Others: Assigning some technical topics to student to write using the all possible resources in the college.

5. List out any new topic(s) or any innovation you would like to introduce in teaching the subject in this semester: 6. Guidelines to study the subject:

1. Mathematics has played a fundamental role in the formulation of modern Science since the very beginning; a scientific theory is a theory that has an adequate mathematical model. 2. The Mathematics that can be applied today covers all the fields of the mathematical science and not only some special topics; it concerns Mathematics of all levels of difficulty and not only simple results and arguments. 3. The sciences continue to require today new results from ongoing research and present multiple new directions of inquiry to the researchers, but the rhythm of the contemporary society makes the time lapse substantially shorter and the request more urgent. 4. The capabilities of scientific computation have made numerical simulation, an indispensable tool in the design and control of industrial processes. 5. To develop an understanding of the basic principles governing the conditions of rest and motion of particles and rigid bodies subjected to the action of forces; to develop the ability to analyze and solve problems in a simple and logical manner
Expected date of completion of the course and remarks, if any: Unit Number: 1 Unit Number: 2 30/10/2010 11/11/2010

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Unit Number: 3 Unit Number: 4 Unit Number: 5 Unit Number: 6

Unit Number:7

Unit Number: 8

Remarks (if any):

Schedule of instruction Unit No: 1 S. No 1 Date 20/10/10 Number of Hours 1 Subject Topics Introduction to Matrices, and system of Equations. Reference Dr Iyengar et al. S Chand.

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2 3 4 5 6 7

21/10/10 22/10/10, 23/10/10 25/10/10 26/10/10 27/10/10 28/10/10 29/10/10 30/10/10

1 2 1 2 1 1

Definition of Rank of a Matrix and problems to illustrate to find the rank of a given matrix Finding the rank of a matrix using Echelon Form and Normal Form Numerical problems illustrating the previous methods Consistence of a system of equations: Necessary and Sufficient Conditions. Solving the System of Equations using various matrix methods LU-Decomposition theorem

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Unit No: 2 S. No 1 2 3 5 6

Date

Number of Hours 1 1 1 1 1

Subject Topics Introduction to the concept of Characteristic equation and its roots. Problem of finding Eigen values and Eigen vectors. Statement and Proof of Cayley Hamilition Theorem and Problems Finding inverse and powers of a matrix using Cayley-Hamiliton Theorem. Diagonalization of a matrix.

Reference Dr Iyengar et al. S Chand. -do-do-do-do-

Properties of Eigen Values and Eigen Vectors.

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Unit No: 3 S. No 1 2 3 4 Date Number of Hours 1 1 1 1 Subject Topics Introduction to Complex matrices. Basic Properties of Hermitian, Skew-Hermitian and Unitary Matrices. On Eigen values and Eigenvectors of Hermitian, SkewHermitian and Unitary Matrices. Canonical Forms. Reference Dr Iyengar et al. -do-do-do-

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5 6 7 8

2 1 1 1

Explaining the concept of converting to canonical form by orthogonal Transformation Singular Value Decomposition Problems. Revision to first internal exams.

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Unit No: 4 S. No 1 Date Number of Hours 1 Subject Topics Introduction to Numerical methods to find the roots of Algebraic and Transcendental equations. Bisection method Method of False position: Theory and Problems Iteration method (Fixed point Iteration method): Theory and Problems Newton-Raphson method: Theory and Problems Introduction to Finite difference operators, and relation between them. Introduction to Interpolation: Newton forward interpolation formula: Problems Newton Backward interpolation formula: Problems Gauss Central forward and backward formulae: Problems Lagranges General Interpolation formula and Newton Divided Difference interpolation formula: Problems. Spline Interpolation: Theory and Problems Unit No: 5 S. No 1 Date Number of Hours 2 Subject Topics Introduction to Curve fitting: Method of Least square approximation. Reference Dr. Iyengar et al. S Chand Company. Reference Dr Iyengar et al.

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

1 1 3 1 2 1 1 1 3

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11

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2 3 4

1 1 1

5 6 7 8

1 1 1 1

Fitting a straight line to a give data using Least square method Fitting a Parabola to a give data using Least Square method. Fitting different type of exponential curves to give data using Least square method. Introduction to Numerical differentiation and Integration. Trapezoidal Rule: Introduction with problems Simpsons 1/3 and 3/8th rules with Problems Gaussian Integration.

S. No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Date

Number of Hours 1 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1

Unit No: 6 Subject Topics Introduction to solve Differential equations with initial conditions. Taylor series method: theory and problems Picards method: Theory and Problems Eulers method: Theory and Problems Modified Eulers method: Theory and Problems Runge-Kutta Method (Fourth order): Theory and Problems Predictor-Corrector methods: Milnes Method: Problems Adam-Bashforth-Moulton Method: Problems Conclusions and Revision

Reference Dr. Iyengar et al. S Chand company -do-do-do-do-do-do-do-do-

Unit No: 7 S. No 1 2 3 Date Number of Hours 1 1 1 Subject Topics Introduction of Fourier Series Definitions and Problems Dirichlets Conditions and Eulers Formulae Reference Dr Iyengar et al. S Chand Company -do-do-

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4 5 6 7 8

1 1 1 1 1

Fourier Sine and Cosine Series Half Range Fourier Series Fourier Series of a Function over an interval a to +a Fourier Sine and Cosine Series Half-Range Fourier Series

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Unit No: 8 S. No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Date Number of Hours 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 Subject Topics Introduction to Partial Differential Equations Formation of Partial Differential Equations Lagranges method to find general solution of PDE Complete integral of some special Partial differential equations. Char pits method to solve nonlinear partial differential equations Method of Separation of Variable. Solution of Heat equation Solution of Wave equation Solution of Laplace equation problems Reference Dr. Iyengar et al. S Chand Company -do-do-do-do-do-do-do-do-do-

This Assignment/Tutorial is concerned to Unit Number: 1 (Please write the questions/problems/exercises. Which you would like to give to the students) Q1. Define Rank of a matrix. Find the Rank of the following matrix using the Normal form

2 4 A = 8 8

1 2 4 4

3 1 7 3

5 3 13 1

Q2. Test for the Consistence of the following equations and solve them if possible x + y + 2 z = 4; 2 x y + 3 z = 9; 3 x y z = 2 Q3.Determine the value of for which the following set of equations may posses nontrivial solution and solve them in each case

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3x + y z = 0; 4 x 2 y 3 z = 0; 2x + 4 y + z = 0 This Assignment/Tutorial is concerned to Unit Number: 2 (Please write the questions/problems/exercises. Which you would like to give to the students) 1 1 1 4 2 1 Q1. Diagonalize the matrix A = 0 and hence find A . 4 4 3

1 1 A = Q2. Show that the matrix 0


A .
-1

2 2 1

2 3 satisfies its characteristic equation. Hence find 2

Q3.Verify the sum of eigen values is equal to its trace of A for the matrix 0 1 2 2 A = 6 4 0 2 and find the corresponding eigen vectors. 2 1 3 1 This Assignment/Tutorial is concerned to Unit Number: 3 (Please write the questions/problems/exercises. Which you would like to give to the students) Q1. Find a matrix P which diagonalize the matrix associated with the quadratic form 3 x 2 + 5 y 2 + 3 z 2 2 yz + 2 zx 2 xy and reduce its to canonical form Q2. Show that the eigen values of Hermitian matrix are real Q3. Find the nature of the quadratic form, index and signature 10 x 2 + 2 y 2 + 5 z 2 4 xy 10 xz + 6 yz

This Assignment/Tutorial is concerned to Unit Number: 4 (Please write the questions/problems/exercises. Which you would like to give to the students) Q1. Find the real root of xe x = 2 using Regula False method and approximate with Newton Raphson method. Q2. Find f(22) form the following table using Gauss forward formula x 20 25 30 35 40 f(x) 354 332 291 260 231 Q3.Construct difference table for the following data: X 0.1 0.3 0.5 0.7 F(x) 0.003 0.067 0.148 0.248 45 204

0.9 0.370

1.1 0.518

1.3 0.697

This Assignment/Tutorial is concerned to Unit Number: 5

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(Please write the questions/problems/exercises. Which you would like to give to the students) Q1. Derive normal equations to fit the straight line y=a+bx Q2. Fit a parabola to the following data using least square method X 10 15 20 25 30 y 35.3 32.4 29.2 26.1 23.2 Q3. Evaluate 35 20.5

1 + x
0

dx

taking h=0.25 using Cubic spline.

This Assignment/Tutorial is concerned to Unit Number: 6 (Please write the questions/problems/exercises. Which you would like to give to the students) Q1. Using Runge-Kutta Method to evaluate y(0.1) and y(0.2), given that

dy = x + y ; y ( 0) = 1 . dx dy = x + sin y; y (0) = 1 compute y(0.2) and y(0.4) with h=0.2 using Eulers Q2.Given dx
modified method Q3. Find y(0.2) using Picards method given that successive approximation with stepsize h=0.1 This Assignment/Tutorial is concerned to Unit Number: 7 (Please write the questions/problems/exercises. Which you would like to give to the students) Q1. Find the half-range Cosine and Sine series of f(x)=(x-1)2 in the interval 0<x<1. Q2. Find the Fourier series of f(x)= sinx in the interval 0<x<. Q3. Explain the concept of Fourier series for the given function with necessary and sufficient conditions. This Assignment/Tutorial is concerned to Unit Number: 8 (Please write the questions/problems/exercises. Which you would like to give to the students) Q1. Form a Pde by eliminating the arbitrary funcition z=yf(x2+z2) Q2. Find the General solution of z= px2+qy2 Q3. Find the complete integral of z=p2x+q2y Q4. Solve the heat equation by the method of separation of variables. Internal Quiz Marks

dy = xy, y (0) = 1 using Picards method of dx

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S.No. 1 2 3 4 5

Quiz Test Quiz Test 1 Quiz Test 2 Quiz Test 3 Quiz Test 4 Quiz Test 5

Maximum Marks 10 10 10 10 10

Best Marks

Worst Marks

Remarks

* indicate if any remedial tests were conducted, if any.

Please note: 1. The question papers in respect of quiz test 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 of this subject should be included in the course file. 2. Model question paper which you have distributed to the students in the beginning of the semester for this subject should be included in the course file. 3. The list of seminar topics you have assigned, if any may also be included here. 4. The J. N. T. University end examination question paper for this subject must be included in the course file. 5. A record of the best and worst marks achieved by the students in every quiz tests must be maintained properly. 6. A detailed / brief course material / lecture notes if prepared may be submitted in the HODs office. 7. Xerox copies of at least 5 answer sheets, after duly signed by the student on verification of the evaluated answer script.

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