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4.

1 Sequences
Common Core Math Standard
AZ-7.EE.4a: Solve word problems leading to equations of the form px + q = r and p(x + q) = r, where p, q, and r are specific rational numbers.

Daily Objective
By the end of the lesson, I will be able to ______________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________

** How Can I Use This? ** Mr. Lewkowitz is conducting an experiment with bacteria. He takes a culture and Fred ordersd watches as the population doubles every hour. He started with 12 samples, and soon has 24, 48, 96, etc. How many bacteria will be in the dish after 12 hours?

12, 24, 48, 96, 192,

Do Now
Alison belongs to a CD club. Each month she receives 5 new CDs. Before joining the club, she owned 50 CDs. Alison plans on buying 2 new CDs each month in addition to the ones she receives from the club. How many CDs will Alison have after 6 months of belonging to the club? What are we solving for? What do I need to do in order to solve the question?

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4.1 Sequences
Essential Vocabulary
Numeric Sequence

Common Difference

Geometric Sequence

Common Ratio

Teacher Model
1. Example 1 Sequences Numeric
3, 9, 15, 21, 27, ______ Difference: Rule:

Geometric Sequences
1, 3, 9, 27, 81, ______ Ratio: Rule:

6, 1, -4, -9, -14, ______ Difference: Rule:

128, 64, 32, 16, 8, _____ Ratio: Rule:

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4.1 Sequences
Steps for Identifying Sequences
1. Determine what the question is asking 2. Solve the math for at least the first TWO terms
a. Eliminate the problem of (+, x) or (, )

3. *Ignore the first or last terms and focus on workable numbers


a. Remember, if its a sequence it doesnt matter what terms you work with

Numeric and Geometric Sequences


Determine whether the sequence is numeric or geometric. Solve for the next term. Identify the common difference or common ratio. 1. 5, 15, 25, 35, _____
Kind of sequence: Difference or ratio: Rule of sequence:

2. 5, 10, 20, 40, _____


Kind of sequence: Difference or ratio: Rule of sequence:

3. 4, -12, 36, -108, _____


Kind of sequence: Difference or ratio: Rule of sequence:

4. -8, -5, -2, 1, _____


Kind of sequence: Difference or ratio: Rule of sequence:

5. 7, 4, 1, -2, _____
Kind of sequence: Difference or ratio: Rule of sequence: [3]

6. 7, 14, 28, 56, _____


Kind of sequence: Difference or ratio: Rule of sequence:

4.1 Sequences
Writing Rules
Use the boxed examples as a guide for writing rules of sequences.
Addition n+4 Subtraction n3 Multiplication 6n Division n 7 or 7n

1. -8, -2, 4, 10, 16,


Rule of sequence:

2. 9, 5, 1, -3, -7,
Rule of sequence:

3.

, , 1, 6, 36,

4. 2,401, 343, 49, 7, 1,


Rule of sequence:

Rule of sequence:

Sequences in Word Problems


Read the problems and use your knowledge of numeric and geometric sequences to answer the questions.
Peter is currently 53 inches tall. If he grows at a rate of 5 inches per year, how tall will he be in 4 years? Esteban buys a plant that he measures as 5 centimeters high. Three days pass, and he measures it again and sees that it is now 20 centimeters high. About how many centimeters did it grow each day?

The price of a companys stock starts on Monday at $15.00. On Tuesday it falls to $14.50 and by Wednesday it is at $14.00. If this pattern continues, how much will the stock be worth at the end of Friday?

Marvin likes to buy pens. On Monday he bought 2, on Tuesday he bought four, and on Wednesday he bought eight. Assuming he continues to buy pens at this rate, how many pens will he buy on Friday?

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4.1 Sequences
Partner Practice
Use the boxed examples as a guide for writing rules of sequences.
Addition n+4 Subtraction n3 Multiplication 6n Division n 7 or 7n

5. 10, 21, 32, 43, 54,


Rule of sequence:

6. -57, -66, -75, -84, -93,


Rule of sequence:

7.

, , 1, 5, 25,

8. 256, 64, 16, 4, 1,


Rule of sequence:

Rule of sequence:

Partner Practice
Read the problems and use your knowledge of numeric and geometric sequences to answer the questions.
Susan is currently 58 inches tall. If she grows at a rate of 3 inches per year, how tall will she be in 5 years? Carlos buys a plant that he measures as 6 centimeters high. Four days pass, and he measures it again and sees that it is now 34 centimeters high. About how many centimeters did it grow each day?

The price of a companys stock starts on Monday at $20.00. On Tuesday it falls to $17.50 and by Wednesday it is at $15.00. If this pattern continues, how much will the stock be worth at the end of Friday?

Stephon likes to buy pens. On Monday he bought 1, on Tuesday he bought five, and on Wednesday he bought nine. Assuming he continues to buy pens at this rate, how many pens will he buy on Friday?

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4.1 Sequences
Check for Understanding
Demonstrate what you have learned by solving the problems below. You may refer back to your notes. Solve for the three problems involving sequences. 1. -7, -1, 5, 11, 17, _____
Rule of sequence:

2. 8, 5, 2, -1, -4, _____


Rule of sequence:

3. Shane sold only 2 cars during his first month as a salesman at Ford. His second month he sold 4 and in his third month he sold 8. If this trend continues, how many cars can Shane expect to sell in his fifth month as a salesman?

Whats Wrong With This?


Look at the mistake below. What went wrong? Provide the correct answer. Problem 1
On his Galileo test, Eli looks at the sequence below and circles A as his answer. Why is that not the correct answer? What is the correct answer? 1. 2, 5, 14, 41, 122 a. b. c. d. Add 3 to the previous term Multiply the previous term by 3, then add 1 Multiply the previous term by 3, then subtract 1 Subtract 1 to the previous term, then multiply by 3

Reviewing the Objective


Today, I am able to _________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________
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4.1 Sequences
Daily Review Sheet
This page is for you to keep in your binder and is to be worked on when you are finished with the daily notes packet. It counts as a grade. It will serve as an overview of the days lesson and is a quick reference for use on weekly quizzes.

Part 1: Objective (review the daily objective) _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ Part 2: Vocabulary (define the words from todays lesson)
Numeric Sequence: Geometric Sequence:

Part 3: Check for Understanding (apply your understanding of equations) 1. What operations (+, -, x, ) would be performed with a numeric sequence? 2. What operations (+, -, x, ) would be performed with a geometric sequence? Part 4: Example Problems (write the next term of the sequence and write the rule) 1. -7, -1, 5, 11, 17, _____
Rule of sequence:

2. 8, 5, 2, -1, -4, _____


Rule of sequence:

Part 5: Word Problems (write a mathematical expression and solve it)


1. Esteban buys a plant that he measures as 4 centimeters high. Five days pass, and he measures it again and sees that it is now 19 centimeters high. About how many centimeters did it grow each day?

2. Marvin likes to buy pens. On Monday he bought 1, on Tuesday he bought three, and on Wednesday he bought nine. Assuming he continues to buy pens at this rate, how many pens will he buy on Friday?

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