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4

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5

csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' ¨ " r® r *¾ Z if ;

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6

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10

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q&mawmfOD;ynmaZmw aumZmouú&mZf 1346-ckwGif apwkwå&m NrKd U? v,fjyifp& k yfuu G w f i G f crnf;awmfO;D atmif odef;? r,fawmfa':vHk;wdkYrS zGm;jrifonf/ OyZösm,fq&m OD;em,uxHwi G f &[ef;abmif 0ifonf/ qifjzLuRef;NrdKU r[m0dokwm&m rwdkufwGif yxri,fwef;udkatmifjrifNyD;? tvwfwef;udk rJBuD;ausmif;wdu k w f i G f atmif jrifcJhygonf/ ,cktcg apwkwå&mNrdKU?ajrmif;cG ajrmufausmif;? ausmif;xdkifq&mawmftjzpf omoemhwm0efrsm; aqmif&Gufaeygonf/ (zkef; - 09-4016 77278)
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t&SifOD;aZmwdu apwkwå&mNrdKUe,f? csDaus;&Gmae crnf; awmfOD;atmifoef;? r,fawmfa':0dkif;wdkYrS 13 36-ckESpf? uqkefväef;(3)&uf?t*FgaeYwGif arG; zGm;oefp Y ifonf/ 1356-ckEp S w f i G f &[ef;abmif odkY0if a&mufcJhNyD;? yxri,f? yxrvwfESifh tBuD;wef;pmar;yGJrsm;udk &Srf;jynfe,fajrmuf ydi k ; f ? rd; k ukwNf rdKUwGif atmifjrifcy hJ gonf/ ,ckt cg csD&m G awmifausmif;wGif ausmif;xdi k b f e k ; f BuD; tjzpf omoemhwm0efrsm;udk xrf;aqmif vsuf&o Sd nf/ /
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16

csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' ¨ " r® r *¾ Z if ;

jzpfapzdkYudk &ifxJrSm wzGzGqE´jyK&if; auseyfyD wd *Gr; f qDxc d & hJ ygonf/ csif;ausmif;BuD;rStjyef pmoifcef;odkYr0if rD opfawm&GmrS ausmif;'g,umBuD; OD;jApfESifh OD;wifarmifwdkY a&muf&dSvmNyD; em&D0ufrQ p um;ajymcGi& hf onf/ olwv Ykd ufxr J S "r®0& D *sm e,f ta[mif;av;udv k nf; qufuyfMuo jzifh? ud k , k , (v,f a 0;) 0;)a&;xm;aom csif; ausmif;BuD;taMumif;udkvnf; zwf½IcGifh&cJhyg onf/ xdkYaMumifh csif;ausmif;BuD;\ ordkif; aMumif;udk oD;oefr Y ar;jref;awmhb?J aqmif;yg; yg tcsuftvufrsm;udkyif aumufEIwfaz: jytyf y gonf / . . csif;ausmif;BuD;[kwpfrsdK; xdyfcRefausmif; BuD;wpfz?kH acsmif;cHa k usmif;[kwpfo, G f e,fol e,fom;rsm; todrsm;aom ausmif;awmfBuD; onf aejynfawmf? v,fa0;NrdKUe,f? uefom a'opdyf? ayyifukef;wpfjzpfvJ uefom&Gm\ ajrmufbuf acsmif;cH& k m G xdyw f i G f wnf&y Sd gonf/

xda k usmif;awmfBuD; jzpfay:vmyHt k aMumif; rSm pdwf0ifpm;zG,f&mjzpfNyD;? omoemtwGuf tm;wufp&mvnf;jzpfygonf/ ausmif;awmf BuD;jzpfay:vmyHk ordi k ; f tusOf;udk ausmif;'g, umBuD; OD;jApfxr H S avhvmod&r Sd w S w f rf;wifci G hf &cJhygonf/ bdk;bGm;pOfquf ajymjycsufrsm;t& {&m 0wDjrpf taemufbufurf; rif;wke; f ur®buf rS csif;wdkif;&if;om;rsm;onf a&Munf&m jruf Ek&m[laompum;twdkif; {&m0wDjrpfta&SU bufurf; atmifv?H aygufacgif;? EGm;arsmaus; &GmrSwpfqifh ½dk;rudkjzwfausmfí v,fa0; NrdKUe,f? ayyifukef;[k ,cifuac:aom uef oma'oodYk a&muf&v Sd mcJMh uygonf/ csif;wdi k ; f &if;om; tbd; k tbGm;wdo Yk nf pD; yGm;a&;ESifhvlrIa&;udk pepfwus BudK;pm;tm; xkwa f qmif&u G Mf uNyD; omoema&;?bmoma&; udv k nf; rvpf[if;&atmif wm0ef,Ml uonf/ xdkaMumifh aumZmouú&mZf 1262-ckESpf wGif &yf&GmyHkpH pepfwuswnfaxmifMuNyD;? omoemESpf 2464? aumZmouú&mZf 1282 ckESpfwGifausmif;awmfBuD;udk csif;wdkif;&if;ol wdkif;&if;om;rsm; pkaygif;tm;jzifh aqmufvkyf vSL'gef;NyD;um q&mawmfO; D ukrm&t&Sio f jl rwf udk ausmif;xdi k t f jzpf ud; k uG,c f MhJ uygonf/ tqdy k gausmif;awmfBuD;onf obm0ab; 'PfaMumifh wpfpwpfp ,dk;,Gif;ysufpD;vm onfjzpfí csi;f wdi k ;f &if;olwi kd ;f &if;om; bd;k bGm; rsm;\ ajr;jrpfrsm;u bdk;bGm;tarG xdef;odrf;
17

csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' ¨ " r® r *¾ Z if ; aomtm;jzif¤ h if;? avmukw& å mtarGukd qufcH aomtm;jzif¤ h if; jyefvnfjyKjyifMuavonf/ ausmif;awmfBuD;udk u&dux t"dujyKí jyKjyifMuaom csif;bd; k bGm;wdYk ajr;jrpfrsm;rSm 1/OD;atmifvS+a':at;wif 2/OD;jApf+a':Nidrf; 3/OD;wifarmif+a':vSpdef 4/OD;oef;armif+ a':Munf 5/OD;vlysdK+a':acG;? 6/a':wifvdIif? 7/OD;wifat;+a':cspfNrdKif? 8/ODjrifO h ; D +a':cifjrifh 9/OD;usifarmif+ a':pef;&D? 10/OD;atmifoef;+ a':axG;BudKifwYkd jzpfMuygonf/ qdkcJhNyD; yk*¾dKvfrsm;onf ausmif;awmfBuD; udk jyefvnfjyKjyifjcif;jzifh ausmif;'g,um? 'g,dumrrsm;tjzpf cH,lxm;MuNyD;? vuf&dS q&mawmf b'´EÅeE´om&\ vrf;ñTer f u I kd cH,l Muum uefoma'opdwf oHCem,u(Ouú|) q&mawmfEi S hf (twGi; f a&;rSL;) q&mawmf wd\ Yk a&SUawmfarSmufwGif a&pufoGef;cs oHCdu 'getjzpf vSL'gef;Muygonf/ vSL'gef;NyD;&ufrm S omoemESpf (2551)? aumZmouú&mZf 1369ck? oDwif;uRwfve ä ; f (5)&ufaeY jzpfygonf/ ausmif;awmfBuD; jyefvnfjyKjyifjcif;\ t aMumif;udk ausmif;'g,umBuD; OD;jApfu-

opfawm&GmrS

OD;jApfESifhOD;wifarmif

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xd e f ; od r f ; Muygvm;? igwd k Y v nf ; bd k ; bG m ; tarG u d k xd e f ; od r f ; oif h w ,f v d k Y tod w &m;av;awG &apcsifvdkYyg}} [k ajymMum; cJhonf/ txufazmfjyyg taMumif;t&mtm;vH; k udk NcHKiHkMunfh½I&aomf csif;wdkif;&if;om;wdkY\ ajr; jrpfrsm;u rdrdwdkYbdk;bGm;rsm; aqmufvkyfvSL 'gef;cJhaom ausmif;awmfBuD;udk jyefvnfjyK jyifMuygonf[a l om taMumif;t&mrQom jzpf ygonf/ xdt k aMumif;t&mudk aoaocsmcsm pOf;pm;awG;Munfa h omtcg yk*Kd¾ vfwi kd ; f rdrw d Ykd \ bdk;bGm;tarGrsm;udk avmuDtarGa&m? avmukw& å mtarGyg qufco H ify h gw,f[a l om tawG;pav;rsm; &&dSygonf/ yk*¾dKvfwdkif; (pm ½Iow l i kd ; f )onfvnf; bd; k bGm; tarGrsm;udk p epfwus qufcE H i kd Mf uygap/ csif;wdkif;&if;om;rsm;\ ajr;jrpfrsm;tm; vnf; þaqmif;yg;jzifh bdk;bGm;tarGxdef; odr; f Mu&m twk,p l &mtjzpf omoemawmf twGuf vdktyfaomuGufvyfwpfckudk jznfh
pmrsufESm(26)odkY
18

csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' ¨ " r® r *¾ Z if ;
tqdkygtcrf;tem;udk izJNrdKU?ukef;jrifh&wem ausmif;wdkufü usif;y&m . izJNrdKU?a&mifjcnfOD; (tzGJUcGJ)zGJUpnf;jcif; q&mawmfb'´EÅ£E´mpm&(NrdKUe,foHCem,u Ouú|)?*kP0efausmif;q&mawmfb'´EÅaum0d' (b-uynma&;Ouú|)?uke; f jrif& h wemausmif; q &mawmfb'´EÅaomrmpm&(b-u ynmtwGif; a&;rSL;)wdkYuBuD;rI;í? Mo0g'gp&d,q&mawmf (9)yg;? em,u(12)OD;? tvkyftrIaqmif(8)OD;? pnf;½kH;a&; wm0efcH(11)OD;? pm&if;ppf(4)OD;wdkYjzifh OD;aqmifzGJYpnf;cJhMuygonf/ izJNrdKUe,f? csif;Ak'o ¨ moeygvu(tzGc YJ ) JG \ tzGJY0ifOD;a&aygif;(231)OD;jzpfNyD;? rdrdwdkY(csif;Ak'¨ rauG;wdi k ; f a'oBuD;?izJNrdKUe,fü 1375ckEp S ?f bmom)omoemawmfBuD; rwdra f um ryaysmuf uqkefväef;(6)&uf(15-5-2013)aeYwGif csif;Ak'¨ a&;ESifh xGef;um;jyefYyGm;a&;twGuf wufnD omoeygvu(NrdKUe,ftzGJYcGJ)udkzGJYpnf;MuaMumif; vufnD qufvufaqmif&GufoGm;Ekdif&ef jzpf owif;&&dSonf/ aMumif; owif;aumif;yg;tyfygonf/ /

csif;Ak'¨omoeygvutzGJY

csif;Ak'¨omoeygvutzGJY(tzGJUcGJ)zGJUpnf;jcif;
rauG;wdi k ; f a'oBuD;?izJNrdKUe,f? ausmif;uke; f ^rif;vGia f us;&Gmtkyp f ü k 1375ckEp S ?f e,kef väef; (1)&uf(9-6-2013)aeYwGif csif;Ak'¨omoeygvu(tzGJYcGJ)udkzGJYpnf;cJhMuonf/ tqdkygtcrf;tem;udk izJNrdKUe,f? ausmif;ukef;bkef;awmfBuD;ausmif;üusif;y&m izJNrdKU? a&mifjcnfO; D q&mawmf? *kP0efausmif;q&mawmf? uke; f jrif& h wemausmif;q&mawmfwu Ykd BuD;rI;í? b'´EÅpE´ukrm& (omoewuúoDv"r®mp&d,-bDat) e,faZmq&mawmfb'´EÅa0ykv uHopf ausmif;q&mawmf b'´EÅaombdwwdkY\Mo0g'udkcH,lvsuf? em,u(6)OD;? tvkyftrIaqmif(6)OD;? pnf;½kH;a&; wm0efcH(4)OD;? pm&if;ppf(4)OD;wdkYjzifh OD;aqmifzGJYpnf;cJhMuonf/ izJNrdKUe,f?ausmif;ukef;^rif;vGif csif;Ak'¨omoeygvu(tzGJYcGJ)\ tzGJY0ifOD;a&aygif;(85)OD; jzpf N yD ; ? rd r d w d k Y ( csif ; Ak ' ¨ b mom) omoemawmf B uD ; xG e f ; um;jyef Y y G m ;a&;twG u f quf v uf aqmif&u G o f m G ;Eki d & f ef zGp YJ nf;cJjh cif;jzpfaMumif; owif;&&Sy d gonf/ / 19

csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' ¨ " r® r *¾ Z if ;

2000- a usmuf u G i f ;

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○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

2012-ckESpf arv (28)&ufaeYrSpwifum jynfNrdKU? *E¨rmpufrI&yfuGufodkY ajymif;a&TU 2000-ausmufuGif;y&[dwausmif; vmcJNh y; D ?2000-ausmuf udk xlaxmifvu kd jf yefonf/ q&mawmfonf ausmufuGif;rSm aepOf uwnf;u ausmufuGif;wpf&Gmwnf;\ t a&;udpr ö sm;omru aygufacgif;NrdKUe,f? ajrmuf jcrf; t½dIcsif;wdkif;&if;om;trsm;pk&Gmrsm;\ ynmoifMum;a&;? aomufoHk;a& &&dSa&;ESifh bmoma&;vkyfief;rsm;udkyg pGrf;EdkiforQ ulnD aqmif&GufvmcJhjcif; jzpfygonf/
20

csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' ¨ " r® r *¾ Z if ; ,ckjynfNrdKUü 2000-ausmufuGif;y&[d wausmif;udk xlaxmifvu kd a f omtcg ausmuf uGi; f &GmrQru aygufacgif;NrdKUe,f? a&Tyef;awm wdkufe,frsm;rS csif;wdkif;&if;om;av;rsm; t rsm;tjym; vma&muftyfEx HS m;Muonf/ t½dIcsif;rsm;twGuf q&mawmfharwåm vufjzifh ynmwHcg;rsm; wGef;zGifhay;cJhjcif;yif/ t½dc I sif;rsm; ynmtvif;a&mifukd ydr k jkd rifEi kd c f i G hf &&dSvmcJhNyD jzpfayonf/ ,cifuyif ,cktaMumif;rsm;twGuf q&mawmfESifh awmfawmfrsm;rsm; ajymjzpfcJh? aqG;aEG;jzpfchJ zl;onf/ ausmif;om;vufc& H mü Zmwd&m G (oJue k ; f NrdKUe,f)bufrS ausmif;om; rsm;ESifh t½dIcsif;rsm;udkvufcHrnf[k ajymzl; avonf/ ,ckpma&;ola&muf oGm;aomtcg q&mawmfu ausmif;om;rsm;udk t½dv I Mkd o0g' ay;&efajymojzifh ]]t&Sib f & k m; Zmwd&m G bufu rygbl;vm;}}[kavQmuf&m ]]'DESpfausmif;om; ESpq f ,favmufvmtyfMuw,f? vlrsm;aewm vnf;wpfaMumif;? tkyc f sKyfa&;rSm tcuftcJ&Sd Edi k w f mu wpfaMumif;aMumifh tjywfyJ (tm; ememeJ) Y jiif;vdu k & f w,f}} [kre d y Yf gonf/ q&mawmf\ y&[dwpdw" f mwfum; w u,fh y&[dwppfppf jzpfaeygayghvm;[k pm a&;ol cHpm;vdu k & f ygonf/ ausmif;wdu k \ f tajctaerSm rESpu f pwif a&muf&dScsdefü oGyfrdk;x&Hum ausmif;aqmif wpfvHk;omjzpfNyD;? ausmif;om;rsm;aexdkif&ef opf0g;x&Hum ausmif;aqmifopfudk tm;csif;

ausmufuGif;q&mawmf OD;oDvmpm&

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21

csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' ¨ " r® r *¾ Z if ;

umvtwG i f ; twd k i f ; twmwpf c k t xd atmifjrifrI &,lEdkifcJhaom 2000-ausmuf uG i f ; y&[d w . . / q&mawmf OD ; oD v mpm& \ y&[dw .../ q&mawmf\ y&[dwpdw" f mwfum; þrQ avmufjzifh &yfwefYaeOD;rnfr[kwfyg/ wif; wdrfvdrfhOD;rnfrxifyg/ q&mawmf\ &nf &G,farQmfrSef;csufwdkYum; avSum;xpfaygif; rsm;pG m qD o d k Y . . þuJo h a Ykd omajcvSr; f wdi k ; f onf y&[dw wGif uav;rsm;twGuf pufcsKyfoifwef;udk ajcvSrf;rsm;om jzpfaeOD;rnf[k xm0pOf vnf; zGiv hf p S o f ifMum;ay;cJo h nf/ ,HMk unfvsuf - ,ckEp S f 2013^2014 ynmoifEp S t f wGuf 2000ausmuf u G i f ; y&[d w atmifjrif ausmif;wGif;q&mroHk;a,muf? jyifyq&m rIaygif;rsm;pGmjzifh avQmufvr S ; f Eki d y f gap / / oH; k a,mufwjYkd zifh tiftm;jznfu h m ,cifEp S u f xuf qwd; k wufvmaom ausmif;om;OD;a& (tcsuf t vuf r sm;ud k pk a qmif ; wif j yay; (63)a,mufwu Ykd v kd ufcí H xdr; f ausmif; oif aom q7mrrdkifoDwmOD;ESifh "mwfyHkrSwfwrf; Mum;ay;vsuf&Sdonf/ ½k d u f u l ; ay;aom OD ; bd k e D ( aiG w G i f ; wl ; )wd k Y t m; ausmif;wdkuf\ wpfaeYwmvkyfief;pOfrsm; aus;Zl ; wif y gonf / ) tao;pdyfudk rwifjyEdkifawmhyg/ wpfESpfausmf armifaEGxGef;(aygufacgif;)

Ed;I aqmfwu kd w f e G ;f tyfygonf
csif;wdi k ; f &if;om;wd\ Yk Ak'b ¨ momomoem wnfwefjY yefy Y m G ;a&; vkyi f ef;rsm;udk csif;Ak'¨omoeygvutzGJUBuD;ESihf vufwa JG qmif&u G o f m G ;Edi k & f ef? csif;wdi k ; f &if;om;rsm; aexdi k Mf uaom (jynfe,f?jynfr) NrdKU? &Gm? &yfuu G r f sm;rS csif;Ak'b ¨ mom0ifrsm;taeESihf csif;Ak'o ¨ moeygvutzGUJ cGr J sm;udk zGUJ pnf;Edi k Mf u&efEi S ?hf csif;Ak'o ¨ moeygvutzGUJ csKyf(&efue k ) f ESihf qufo, G a f qmif&u G Mf uyg&ef Ed; I aqmf wdu k w f e G ; f tyfygonf/
22

csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' ¨ " r® r *¾ Z if ;

ÓPfaumif;ol v p
Buddhism, it has been truly said, is not the Religion for fools. (Buddhsit Review for October, November and December 1914)

aiGaX;-pufrItxnf)

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csD;rGr; f jcif;jzifh csD;rGr; f cJ\ h / b,fvt kd usdK;xl;jrif í &[ef;a*gwrü MunfnKd &ygovJ}} ]]tarmif taumif;qHk;aom t&omrsm; jzifh 0tDaeaoma,musfm;onf tjcm;nHhzsif; aom t&omrsm;udk rvdv k m;rESpo f ufawmhNyD? xdkYtwl &[ef;a*gwr b,fyHka[monfjzpf ap? w&m;udkem&aomf w&m;rSwpfyg; tjcm; orP? jA[®Pwd\ Yk t,l0g'udk rvdv k m; r ESpo f ufawmhyg}}[k yD*, Ð meduajz\/ pma&;olwdkY&yfuGufwGif bmomjcm;wdkif; &if;om; awmifay:om;rsm; trsm;tjym;&do S nf/ ¤if;wdkY\ "r®ausmif;rsm;vnf;&dSonf/ olwdkY onf olw\ Ykd bmomtaMumif;udk tvGef a[majymvdkMuonf/ ajymcGifhr&vQif pm&Guf wdkrsm;jzefYa0í ¤if;wdkYbmom0if jzpfapa&;? trsKd ;rsKd ;aomenf;jzifh pnf;½H;k Muonf/ ¤if;wd\ Yk bmoma&; "r®a[majymyGJrsm;udkvnf; vm a&mufwufa&muf&ef zdwa f c:wwfonf/ wpfaeYpma&;ol vrf;avQmuf&mrSjyeft vm wpfa,mufaom &if;ED; S aombmomjcm; u]]q&mBuD;u odyÓ f mPfaumif;w,f? uRef awmfwdkYbmomxJ0ifNyD; w&m;a[mq&mvkyf

23

csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' ¨ " r® r *¾ Z if ; ygvm;}}[k ajymvmonf/ ]]at;-uRefawmf cifAsm;wdb Yk momxJ w&m; a[mq&mvmvkyv f Qif cifAsm;wdYk uRefawmfwYkd bmom0ifawG jzpfue k r f ,f}}[k ajymvdu k c f sif onf/ oda Yk omf pma&;ol qdwq f w d a f evdu k f onf/ tdra f &mufawmh 'DtaMumif; tdro f m;awG udk ajymjzpfonf/ orD;BuD;u ]]tJ'v D & l UJ rde; f ruvnf; olUudb k & k m;ausmif; vdkufcJhygvm;q&mr}}[k ajymaMumif; jyefajz onf/ orD;BuD;uvnf; olNyHK;aevdu k a f Mumif; oda Yk omf orD;BuD;u]]teHt Y &omeJY jynfp h kH wJt h pm;tpmudk pm;ae&wJo h u l b,fvv kd y k f nHhzsif;wJhtpm;tpmudkpm;EdkifrvJ}}[k pma&; oludkwHkYjyefonf/

usifhBuH odjrifNyD;rS a[mMum;ñTefjyxm;aom vufawGUw&m;rsm; jzpf\/ w&m;awmfu ]rvkye f YJ tjypf&o Sd nf}[k wm;jrpfxm;onfudk vkyfrdvQif wu,ft jypf&í ]vkyy f g tusdK;BuD;onf}[k wdu k w f e G ; f xm;onfudk vkyfMunfhvQif wu,ftusdK; &do S nfukd awGU&rnf/ rnfonfw h efc; kd &Siu f rQ tjypf&dSonfudk tjypfrjzpfatmif tjypfr&dS onfudk tjypf&dSatmif rjyKvkyfEdkifay/ ]t0wf y k q d k ; } todenf;wJv h w l pfO; D [m uav;upm; p&m arsmuf½y k w f pf½y k u f kd c0gonfq, D o l m G ;NyD; aq;qdk;ay;&ef cdkif;w,f/ 'Dawmh c0gonfu ]arsmuf½y k q f w kd m t½du k t f ESuf tavQmftzGyf rcHEdkifbl;}vdkY jyefajymvdkufw,f/ 'Dtcg t 0wfyq k ; kd udk ,lom G ;w,f/ c0gonfu ]t0wf ykqdk;uawmh tavQmftzGyf t½dkuftESufcH Edi k w f ,f aq;qd; k vd& Yk w,f}vdYk jyefajymw,f/ ]'DOyrmvdkyJ jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sif&JU w&m; awmfawG[m t½dkuftESuf tavQmftzGyfcH Edi k w f ,f/ t0wfyq k ; kd vdy k J tprf;oyfcE H i kd w f ,f/ tppftaq; ta0zefcHEdkifw,f/ ]wdw¬d}wdkY &JUw&m;awGuawmh t½du k t f ESuf tavQmft zGyr f cHEi kd w f hJ arsmuf½y k v f b kd J tppftaq; t a0tzef rcHEdkifbl;}vdkY Oygvdol<u,fu ed uP²em#ykwu å kd ajymovdk ajym&rSmyJ/ Oygvdum; ,cifuwdww d¬ \ Ykd 0g'udk t onf;pGJvufcH ,HkMunfcJholjzpfaomfvnf;

]]ÓmPfESifh ,SOfaombmom}} Ak'¨bmomw&m;onf ÓmPfESifh,SOf aom bmomw&m;jzpf\/ olajym igajymjzifh rsufpr d w Sd f ,HMk unf&aom (Blind Faith) bm omr[kwf[k ynm&Siftrsm;u wpfnDwpf ñGww f nf;qdo k nf/ vmvSn?hf ½Ivn S ?hf prf; oyfppfaq;vSnfh[k zdwfac:qef;ppf a0zef cHEdkifaom bmomjzpf\/ bk&m;&Sif\ w&m;awmfrsm;onf Ak'¨bm omrSwpfyg;aom t,l0g'&do S l ]bmomjcm;}wdYk ü&da S om taMumif;tusdK;ESihf r,SOa f om w &m;rsdK;r[kw?f pdwu f ; l ÓmPfjzifh BuHqwDxi G f [efaqmifw&m;rsdK;vnf;r[kwf? ukd,fwdkif

24

csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' ¨ " r® r *¾ Z if ; bk & m;&S i f \ w&m;awmf u d k em&aomtcg aumifu jrifjcif;? Mum;jcif;? eHjcif;? pm;jcif;udk wdww d¬ \ Ykd 0g'ü bmrQtESp& f m S r& tv[ó jyK\/ (Ak'¨a'oempum;jzihf ajymvQif ]twå} jzpfonfudk ydkif;ydkif;jcm;jcm; odcJhonf/ t,l&dS\/) odq Yk v kd Qif rsufpu d y kd w d x f m;u jrif&m\/ ]]touf0dÓmOf}} em;ud k y d w f x m;u Mum;&m\/ ES m acgif ; ud k vlwi G o f m touf0Ó d mOf&o Sd nf/ wd&p d m ä ef ydwx f m;uvnf; teHu Y o kd E d i kd & f m\/ wpfenf; rsm;ü touf0Ó d mOfr&d?S olwu Ykd o kd wfvsif t - toHukd rsufpjd zifh Mum;Edi k & f m\/ tqif;udk jypf r &d S ? ygPmwd y gwuH r xd k u f ¤if ; wd k Y u d k em;jzifh jrifEi kd & f m\/ wpfenf; - ud, k u f m,? xm0&bk&m;ocifu vlwp Ykd m;oH; k &ef zefqif; ajc? vuf? t*Fgwpfcc k jk zifv h nf; Mum;Edi k ?f jrif ay;xm;onf/ ordi k ; f rwdi k r f D a&S;OD;vlwYkd wd Edkif? teHYcHEdkif&m\/ odkYaomf xdkodkYum; rjzpf/ &dpm ä efrsm;tay: tEdi k u f sifv h í kd tumtuG,f ]]Z&m? r&P}} ,laom pum;jzpf\/ jcifawG? jcawG? Murf;ydk;awG? ydk;[yfawG? vlonf zefqif;&Six f m0&bk&m;ocif\ avmufawGudk bmjzpfvdkYbk&m;ocifu zef wm;jrpfxm;onfhtoD;udk pm;cJhMuí bk&m; qif;xm;&ovJ/ pm;vnf;rpm;& vludk'ku© pum; em;raxmifojzifh bk&m;\jypf'Pfcwfj ay;wmyJ&dSonf/ cif;cH&onf/ xdr k S vlom;onf qif;&J'u k ©t wd&dpämefawGudk vlom;awGpm;zdkYzefqif; rsdK;rsdK;cHpm;&í tdkjcif;? emjcif;? aojcif;wdkYESifh xm;onfajymvQif vlom;pm;awmwGi; f om;&J qHa k wGU&Mujcif;jzpfonf[k olwq Ykd o kd nf/ wd&dpämefawGuvnf; vlYpum;ajymwwfvQif bk&m;ocif\ zefqif;&SifZmwfvrf;wGif vlawGukd olwp Ykd m;zdYk bk&m;ocifu zefqif;ay; wd&dpämefwdkY ¤if;wm;jrpfxm;onfh toD;udk xm;onf[k aocsmaygufajymrnf trSefyif/ pm;Muonf/ bk&m;pum;em;raxmifqdkaom wd&dpämefwdkYwGif touf0dÓmOfr&dSqdkvQif Zmwfvrf;rygcJ/ h oda Yk omf ¤if;wd&p d m ä efwo Ykd nf tod0Ó d mOf&o Sd nfqa kd om vlwu Ykd o hJ Ykd cspfjcif;? vnf; tdkjcif;? emjcif;? aojcif;ESifh y&da, rke;f jcif;? &efvjkd cif;? oGm;vmvIy& fm S ;jcif;? pm;jcif;? oe0rf;pmudk yifyef;BuD;pGm &SmazGpm;aomuf tdyfjcif;? aMumufjcif;? vdifqufqHrIjyKjcif;? ae&jcif;ponfudk vlwdkYESifhrjcm; cHpm;ae& om;arG;jcif;? a0'emcHpm;jcif;ponfwdkY vlESifh onf/ rjcm;&dSaeonf/ (¤if;pum;udk bmomjcm;wpfOD;ESifh vlowå0g\ ud, k w f i G ; f ütNrJwnfaom aqG;aEG;zl;onf/ rnfonfhpum;rS jyefr&cJh 0dnOfaumif (Soul or Spirit) &dS\/ ¤if;0dnOf pma&;ol) 25

csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' ¨ " r® r *¾ Z if ; ]]u,f w if j cif ; }} q&mawmfwpfyg;\ w&m;pum;udk em Mum;vdkuf&onf/ ]]ESmacgif;xd &THUEGHepfaewJh ol[m tjcm;a&epfaeolwpfO; D udk ru,fwif Edi k ?f rdru d , kd w f i kd f EGu H vGwa f tmif ½ke; f xGuNf yD; rSom u,fwifEi kd o f nf/}} u,fwif&i S ç f u,fwifrnfqa kd om pum; &yfonf tm*r,kw?då obm0,kww då E Ykd i S w hf ifí qifjcifvQif tvGeftajctjrpfr&dSaom pum; jzpf\/ vlYb0vlYavmuü &mxl;? *kPfodrf BuD;jrifhrI&&dSolrsm;? olaX;çol<u,ftjzpf csrf; om<u,f0vmolrsm;? twwfÓmPfynm BuD; rm;vmolrsm;?(,aeYodyÜHynm&Sifrsm;) tm;vHk; onf u,fwif&i S u f ,frí jzpfvmolrsm; r [kwMf u? ud, k c hf e G u f , kd t hf m; jzifh BudK;pm;aqmif &Gufvmolrsm;jzpf\/ bmomjcm;rS Ak'¨bmom0ifjzpfvmol taemufEi kd i fo H m; z&efppfpwd& k D ]Francis Story} u ¤if;a&;om;aom ]Ak'b ¨ momonf rmhup f 0 f g ' tEÅ&m,fujkd y,fap\} (Buddhism Answers the Marxist Challenge) pmtkyw f i G f]]vlwt Ykd m; xm0&tyg,fi&JrS bk&m;ocif \aus;Zl;awmfjzifh u,fwifonf[kajym\/ (xda k us;Zl;awmfuv kd nf; t&Sia f ,½Iray:rDu ESihf t&Sia f ,½Iay:NyD;aomfvnf; t&Sia f ,½Iukd rMum;zl ; ol t m;vH k ; yg0if a om rsm;pG m aom vltaygif;udk rcsD;jr§ia hf y)}} pma&;olq&mu0dwpfO; D u ]],if;txuf ygtcsufrsdK;wdu Yk kd ÓmPftajrmftjrifenf;aom

olrsm;uomvQif rSefonf[k ,lqayrnf/ oda Yk omf tppt&m&mwGif ÓmPftqifjcifukd trsm;qH k ; toH k ; csaomol r sm;twG u f u m; ,if;odYk [kwv f r d r hf nfr[kwa f cs}} ]],if;tcsufudkyif acwfynmwwf yk*¾dKvfwpfOD;tm; av;av;eufeuf pOf;pm;&ef wifjyjyefvQifvnf; ol\ÓmPfynmudk apmf um;&ma&mufacsrnf}}/ / urÇmwpfvTm;? trSefw&m; rsm;rsm; xGef;um;Muygap/

aiGaX; (pufrItxnf)
udk;um; (1) Ak'¨bmomvufpGJusrf; (omoema&;OD;pD;) (2) b0ESifh&if;&aomtawG;tjrifrsm; twGJ (2) (3) Ak'¨bmomonf rmhufpf0g' tEÅ&m,fudk jy,fap\/ (z&efpfpwdk&D) (4) eE´odef;ZH\ aemifwuif;&modkY
○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

pmrsufEm S (18)rS

qnf;ay;Muolrsm;tjzpf 0rf;omyDwdjzpf& ygaMumif; *kPfjyKrSwfwrf;wif a&;om;tyf ygonf/ / ud k , k , (v,f a 0;)tm; aus;Zl ; wif y gaMumif ;

t&SifeE´rmvm (csif;0efaqmif)
26

csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' ¨ " r® r *¾ Z if ;

uRef a wmf j rif w J h

Ak'¨bmom0ifawG(1)
&dyfomrSm o'´r®&HoD&dyfom q&mawmfBuD; t&Siu f @ k vmbd0o H &JU teD;uyfBuD;Muyfvrf; ñT e f r I e J Y yG J a wG U w&m;tm;xk w f z l ; &mupvd k Y Ak'¨bmomudk ESpfESpfumum ½dkaoqnf;uyf ud; k uG,o f w l pfa,muf jzpfvmcJw h myg/ tJ'DuaerS Ak'¨pmayawGudk tcsdef&orQ &SmazGzwf½I emMum;zl;wmyJ&dSygw,f/ zwf½I emMum;w,fqv kd Ykd awGUorQ w&m;pmtkya f wG zwf? awGUorQwm;acGawGem? vmorQq&m awmfawG&UJ w&m;yGa J wGom G ; qdw k mrsdK;vnf; r[kwjf yefb; l ? ud, k a f v;pm;MunfnKd wJh q&m awmfBuD;awG&UJ pmtky?f w&m;acG? w&m;yGa J wGyJ zwfemoGm;vkyfygw,f/ bmomw&m;MunfnKd w,fqNkd yD; tJ'gawG eJY tcsdefukefr,fhtpm; Ak'¨tvdkusvnf;jzpf? ud, k t hf wGuv f nf; jynfp h & kH r,fh oDv? orm"d? ynmudk xlaxmifEi kd a f tmifyJ BudK;pm;csifw,f/ (3) puFmylrSm&dSaewkef; vli,fawG bmom w&m;eJYuif;a0;NyD; bmoma&;tawG;tac:eJY ywfoufvdkY wdrf;apmif; a00g;oGm;rSmpdk;vdkY? udk,fwdkifaiGukefaMu;uscH? vltyifyef;cHNyD; a&Tjrefrmr*¾Zif;udk q,fESpfwdwdxkwfa0cJhzl; ygw,f/ tJ'r D *¾Zif;rSm BuHKBudKuf&if BuHKBudKuf
27

a'gufwmcifarmifvwf (a&Tjrefrm)
(1) wpfaeYreuf q&mqvdkif;a&Tvif;u w,fvDzkef;eJY olwdkY oHk;v?av;vwpfBudrf xkwfa0aewJh]]csif;a&mifjcnf}}r*¾Zif;rSm bm oma&; aqmif;yg;av;awG a&;ay;ygqdkNyD; arwåm&yfcy H gw,f/ olUawmif;qdc k sufukd 0rf; yef;womvufcHvdkufNyD; uwdawGay;vdkufrd w,f/ uwdawGay;NyD;awmhrS tvkya f wGrsm;NyD; tcsdefravmufiSwJh puFmylvlae rIb0awG aMumifh a&;jzpfwq hJ D a&mufra S &mufyghrvm;vdYk oHo,0ifra d o;w,f/ bmajymajym q&mq vdi k ; f a&Tvif;qDukd pmrlwpfy' k a f wmh ay;vdu k f Edi k Nf yD/ (2) bmomw&m;eJy Y wfoufNyD; aqmif;yg; awGa&;&avmufatmif rif;u bmoma&; taMumif; b,favmufov d v Ykd ?J bmpmar;yGJ awGatmifxm;vdv Yk ?J bmvufrw S a f wG &xm; vdkYvJ pojzifhar;p&mawG&dSvmygvdrhfr,f/ trSeftwdkif; &Sif;&Sif;0efcHxm;vdkufygr,f/ uRefawmf[m bmomw&m;eJY ywfoufvYkd bm pmar;yGJawGrS ratmifcJhzl;ygbl;? bmvuf rSwa f wGrv S nf; r&cJz h ; l ygbl;/ touf av; q,fhig;ESpfausmf t&G,fa&mufrS &efukefNrdKU? usdKuf0dkif;bk&m;vrf;ray:rSm&dSwJh o'´r®&HoD

csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' ¨ " r® r *¾ Z if ; vmovdk bmoma&;aqmif;yg;awG a&;jzpfcJh ygw,f/ uRefawmfa h qmif;yg;awGrm S b,fusrf;ud; k? b,f t |uxmud k ; rS r ygbl ; / uRef a wmf e m; vnfxm;wJ?h oabmaygufxm;wJh wu,fb h m oma&; tajccH o abmw&m;av;awG u d k tajccH N yD ; vl i ,f a wG v uf c H E d k i f v matmif acwf t jrif a cwf t awG ; eJ Y &S i f ; jywmawG ? axmuf j ywmawG r sm;ygw,f / wpf c k a wmh &dw S ,f? uRefawmfu uRefawmfa h qmif;yg;awG udkyHkrEdSyfcif puFmylrSm&dSwJh vufvSrf;rD&m q&mawmfawGudk ajymjyavQmufxm;wwfyg w,f/ aqG;aEG;wwfygw,f/ Ak'& ¨ UJ tqH; k treJY vGa J csmfaerSm pd; k vdy Yk g/ vli,fawGqu D olwYkd tjrifrSm;udk0efcHNyD;? aus;Zl;wifaMumif; a&; wJhpmawG? q&mawmfawGqDu 'umBuD;wdkY rsm;rsm;a&;Muyg/ usKyfwdkYu a'oemawmft wdi k ; f yJ a[mwwfwmqdw k hJ vufcw H ?hJ tm;ay; wJh pum;awG&aewmeJY rMumrMum a&;jzpfae wmyg/ tckvnf; vltrsm;em;vnfwp hJ um;eJY uRefawmf em;vnfoabmaygufxm;ovdk a&;oG m ;rS m yg/ bk & m;a[mMum;wJ h w&m; awmfawGudk ygVdygXfom;awG &Gwfzwfjyae wmxuf? tJ'Dacwfu OyrmawGay;ajym wmxuf? vufawGU jrifomxifom&da S tmif vdk&if;wdk&Sif;ajymjywmu uGefysLwmacwf vl i,fawGtwGuf ydx k a d &mufavrvm;vdy Yk g/

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28

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csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' ¨ " r® r *¾ Z if ; ypö, "r® ESpf0vHkavmuf axmufyHhjcif;iSm aumif;pGm&Edkifyg\wJh/ bkef;uHqdkwm ykn= aumif;rIqw kd y hJ ' k u f qif;oufvmwm/ aiGaMu; Opömcsrf;omjcif;? tmPm&dSjcif;? xifay:ausmf Mum;jcif;qdw k hJ a&S;bke; f a&S;uHaMumifh t"du jzpfvmwmyg/ (a&S;bkef;a&S;uH&dSaomfvnf; ypöKyÜefuHu tm;rpdkufay;vQif atmifjrifoifh oavmuf ratmifjrifEi kd y f g)/ 0domcgausmif; trBuD;taMumif; owd&vmw,fAsm/ olY a,mu© r (a,musf m ;ol ) u ol Y b momol y J xrif;pm;aewm/ tvSLcH&[ef;udk rvSLbl;wJ/ h 0domcgu a,mu©r[m (tpma[mif;)udkyJ pm;aewmvdkY ajymvdkufowJh/ tpma[mif; qdw k m rpifvv Ykd J t"dym Ü ,f&w,f/ a,mu©r pdwq f ;kd wmaygh/ 0domcgqdv k w kd mu b0a[mif; u ukodkvfaMumifh&tyfwJh tpma[mif;vdkY qdv k w kd ,f/ ,ckb0rSm ukov kd f topftjzpf vSL'gef;jcif;rjyKbl;vdYk qdv k w kd m/ tvm;wlygyJ Opöm<u,f0jcif;? tmPm &djS cif;? xifay:ausmfMum;jcif;awG[m a&S;bke; f a&S;uHawGaMumifh t"dutm;jzifh &vmwmyg/ 'gudktoHk;csNyD; ukodkvfaumif;rIawG vkyf& r,fav/ ukov kd r f vky& f if a&S;bke; f a&S;uHawG ukefcrf;oGm;awmh 'ku©ra&mufaybl;vm;/ ]]bk&m;wnf xD;wif 'Duo k v kd a f wGvnf; tcsdKUu vkya f eMuom;yJ r[kwv f m;/}} ]][kwy f gw,f/ vSLwJt h cg xifay:ausmfaZm vdkjcif;? tcGifhta&;wpfpHkwpf&m arQmfudk;jcif;? o'¨gw&m;tppftrSea f Mumifr h [kwb f J ,Mwm

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40

csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' ¨ " r® r *¾ Z if ;

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41

csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' ¨ " r® r *¾ Z if ; urÁn; f pmwef;udv k nf; a&;xd; k ylaZmfEi kd c f o hJ nf/ xdkYaemuf {&m0wDjrpfodkY aygif;qHkcJh&onf/ ref;a&Tpufawmf&mü jrwfAk'¨\ ajcawmf&mt ppf(ESpfql)&dS\/ wpfqlonf ref;acsmif;\t aemufbufüwnf\/ ,if;udk atmufpuf awmf&m[l\/ wpfqlonf ta&SUbufurf; opöAE¨awmifü wnf\/ ,if;udk txufpuf awmf & m[l \ / ES p f p Of ref ; a&T p uf a wmf & m bk&m;yGa J wmfumv wydw Yk v JG qef; (5)&ufaeY rS waygif;vjynfhausmf ESpfqef;wpf&ufaeYt xd &ufaygif; (60)? jrefrmEdi k i f H te,fe,ft&yf &yfae bk&m;zl;vm &[ef;? &Sifvlrsm;ESifh ysm; yef;cwfrQ txl;pnf;um;NrJjzpfonf/ ref; acsmif;jyifoa J omifay:ü aps;qdi k ?f pm;aomuf qdkif? wnf;cdkaqmifrsm; jynfhMuyfvsuf&dS\/ atmufpufawmf&m acsmif;ul;wHwm;rS onf txufpufawmf&modYk wefaqmif;&dya f tmuf wGifvnf; w&m;xdkif? ykwD;pdyf bm0emyGm; ukodkvftrQa0olu a0vdkY/ tm½kPfwuf tvif;a&mufjyef&ifyJ edAÁmefaqmfaMu;pnfoH wa0a0eJ Y qG r f ; cH < u oH C mawmf a wG u rsuf p d r qH k ; aygif . qG r f ; tm[m&tp&d S w J h 'gwAÁ0w¬Ktpkpk uyfvL S olawGeYJ MuufysHrus pnfum;vSygonf/ ref;acsmif;a&at;jrjr a&tvQifonf odwwf? jrifwwf? cHpm;wwfolwdkYtzdkY t "dygÜ ,frsdK;pH?k &orsdK;pHu k kd ay;pGr; f Edi k \ f / t,kwf tvwf twef;pm;ra&G; wlnDaompGrf;tif cGeftm;udk ay;pGrf;Edkif\/ ref;acsmif;a&udk csdK;

vdy k gu csKd ;? aomufvy kd gu aomuf? ud, k w f i G ;f udk,fy tylvHk;udk Nidrf;at;pGmajzazsmufay; Edkifygonf/
○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

owdjyKzG,f? rSwfom;zG,f? a&Tpufawmf&m ueOD;bk&m;ordkif;ü þodkYyg&dS\/ (er®'gjrpf) ref;acsmif;udk tpdk;&aom er®'ge*g;rif;onf Ak'¨jrwfpGm pE´ul;eHYomausmif;awmf&mrS jyef t<uc&D;ü OD;wdkufavQmufxm; awmif;yef ojzifh ref;acsmif;taemufbuf urf;eab; ausmufaqmifay:wGif wpf&mh&p S u f u G f vu© PmawmfESifh a&Tpufawmf&mwdkYudk xif&Sm; apaom b,fbufajcawmf&mwpfql csxm; ay;oem;awmfrlcJhonf/ wzef ref;acsmif; (er®'gjrpf) ta&SUbufurf; opöAE¨awmifodkY bk&m;&Si<f uawmfrp l Of t&Sio f pöAE¨rax&fjrwf awmif;yefavQmufxm;ojzifh tqdy k gb,fbuf ajcawmf&m wpf&mh&p S u f u G u f kd csxm;ay;oem; awmfrljyefonf/ þordkif;onf ESpfaygif;rsm;pGm wdrfjrKyf aecJo h nf/ jrefrmouú&mZf (995)ck tif;0acwf omvGer f if;w&m;BuD;vufxuf "g;rul;(awmif zDvmq&mawmf)u jyefvnf&Sm azGawGU&dScJh onf/ udv k e kd a D cwf &aohBuD;OD;cEÅo D nf ref;a&T pufawmfapwD? ykxdk;wef;aqmif;rsm;udk t*F vefEi kd i f r H S oHxnfypön; f rsm;udk wdu k ½ f u kd r f m S ,lí BuD;us,fcrf;em;pGm wnfaqmufc\ hJ / ref;a&Tpufawmf&m bk&m;ordkif;wGif rlv atmifajr(9)ck &do S nf/
42

csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' ¨ " r® r *¾ Z if ; 1/ atmufpufawmf&m (rlvatmifajr) 2/ txufpufawmf&m yxr(rlvatmifajr) 3/ txufpufawmf&m 'kw, d (rlvatmifajr) 4/ uvsmPDor d f (rlvatmifajr) 5/ urÇmat; (csif;bk&m;) (rlvatmifajr) 6/ opö'Dyu (rlvatmifajr) 7/ rkqdk;awmif (rlvatmifajr) 8/ jrm;usapwD (rlvatmifajr) 9/ ESpfusdyf&Spfql (rlvatmifajr) wdkYjzpfonf/ a&muf}jyef omrefbk&m;zl;olwdkYtzdkY ,if;atmifajrrsm;udk pHkpHkaphaphzl;awGU&efrSm cufcJayvdrfhrnf/ a&mufvQif bk&m;a*gy ursm;xH vrf;ñTefcsuf&,lí pHkaphpGmzl;awGU oifhygonf/
○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

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43

&if;om;rsm;tm; OD;aqmifum ÓmPfawmf (18)awmif apwDukd wnfxm;NyD;? ordi k ; f wGif rnfh urÇmat;(csif;bk&m;) atmifajr[lí urÁ n f ; pmwef ; a&;xd k ; cJ h o nf / q&mawmf OD;Ak'¨donf urÇmat;(csif;bk&m;)tm; ÓmPf awmf(tvHwpf&m)jynfh jr§ifhwifwnfxm;udk; uG,& f ef "d|mefcz hJ ; l aMumif; od&r Sd w S o f m;&onf/ rnfoy Ykd ifqa kd p rlvyg' atmufpufawmf&m ESihf txufpufawmf&mwdu Yk kd tjcm;rnfonfh t&murQ wkNydKifvr T ; f rd; k zG,r f &d[ S k trsm;jynf ol Ak'¨bmom0ifrsm; rSwfcsufay;EdkifMuygvdrfh rnf/ ,cif urÇmat;(csif;bk&m;) atmif ajrapwDonf ukodkvf&Sifyg&rD&SifwdkY\ jyKjyif xde; f odr; f rIaMumifh oyÜg,fvsuf&c Sd & hJ mrS aemuf ydkif;wGif txD;usefarS;rdSefoGm;ovdk &dSvm& onf/ bk&m;zl;vm &Sif? vl? &[ef; awmf awmfrsm;rsm;\ tjriftm½Hkudk a00g;apcJh\/ bk&m;&ifjyifwGif csHKEG,fydwfaygif;wdkYESifh jynfh ESua f eovdk bk&m;apwD ud, k x f nfyi kd ; f onf tufaMumif;&mrsm;xyfvsuf NydKusvk? ysufp; D vktajcodkY OD;wnfaeonf/ t&HapwD(28) qlrm S vnf; yEéuc f r kH sm; NydKusrnfq h q J J tae txm; &da S eonf/ þtajctaeudk pma&;olrdom;pk 2012 ckEp S f bk&m;yGa J wmfumvwGif pdwr f csrf;ajrhz, G f oGm;a&mufzl;awGU&NyD; oHa0*pdwf jzpfrdonf/ avmuü &dS&dSorQ jzpfjzpforQtm;vHk;onf ocFg& rNrJjcif;oabm? ysufpD;wwfaom o

csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' ¨ " r® r *¾ Z if ; abm[kqifjcifrdonf/ xdkYaemuf ta[mif; BuD;&GmwGif (rif;a[mif)bk&m;? a,mbk&m;ac: ysufvQif topfjyifavmh[í l o'¨gpdwv f nf; (rmefEl*lbk&m;)? (awmwuf*lbk&m;)? aqmNrdKU jzpfay:&ygonf/ ay:wGif ajrmufausmif;? awmifausmif;rsm;udk txl;ojzifh urÇmat;(csif;bk&m;)[laom om"ujy ñTejf y&rnf jzpfonf/ xdjYk yif rif;bl; uAÁn; f pmom;u uREky f p f w d t f m; teuf½i Id ; f qH; k (puk)NrdKUe,f ref;a&Tpufawmf&m urÇmat; xd wGef;ydkYay;aponf/ csif;vlrsdK;? csif;wdkif; (csif ; bk & m;)atmif a jrapwD o nf y"meus &if;om;rsm;onf a&S;,cifumvuyif t,l yg0ifvsuf&dSonf/ 0g'trsdK;rsdK;? toGiftrsdK;rsdK;ESifh ajymif;vJ ,if;apwDonf ajrjyefYcsif;ESifhawmifay: vmvsuf&dS\/ xdkYjyif tjcm;bmomjcm;wdkY\ csif;wdkY\ (qHk&yf)jzpfí t"dujyefvnfazmf enf;rsdK;pHkjzifh pnf;½Hk;odrf;oGif;rI'Pf? jrL xkwf&ef vdktyfvmygonf/ ,dk,Gif;ysufpD; qG,r f ' I Pfukd tvl;tvJcv H mMu&\/ aerIudk jyefvnfjyKjyifrGrf;rH&ef vdktyfvm tjcm;wdkif;&if;om;rsm;tjrifwGif csif;wdkif; ygonf/ csif;vlrsdK;? csif;wdkif;&if;om;wdkY\ &if;om;rsm;onf Ak'¨bmom0ifrsm;r[kwfo Ak'¨t,l0g'? Ak'¨omoemawmf xdef;odrf; vdk Ak'o ¨ moemESihf roufqi kd o f uJo h Ykd tm;enf; apmifha&SmufrI tm;enf;vmjcif;udk jyefvnf arS;rdSefvmum txifjrifao;onftxd jzpf wnfhrwfjr§ifhwifvdkjcif;? &dS&if;pGJcsif;Ak'¨bm vm&onf/trSeu f q dk y kd grnf csif;wdi k ; f &if;om; om0ifrsm; ½kwfavsmhroGm;apvdkjcif; pwJhqE´ rsm;tzd k Y jrwf A k ' ¨ t m;ud k ; uG , f q nf ; uyf r I rsm;pGm wzGm;zGm; jzpfay:vm&ygonf/ tm;enf;vmonf rSea f omfvnf; Ak'\ ¨ tqH; k odkYqdkvQif tjcm;wdkif;&if;om; Ak'¨bmom tr "r®w&m;awmf? ,HkMunfqnf;uyfjcif; 0if "r®rw d a f qGrsm;onf þonfrsm;udk o toGiftjyif"avhp½dkufrsm;onf vHk;yg;yg; abmaygufí csif;wdkif;&if;om;wdkYtm; vuf oGm;onfr[kwfyg/ qufvuf usef&dSaeyg wGJac:,l tm;ay;tm;ajr§muf az;rulnDap ao;onf/ om"u taxmuftxm;jyKí csifonf/ uEÅm&oJaomifay:ü rdk;pufwpf qdk&ygrnf/ aygufonf tvGefwpf&mrS wefbdk;BuD;vSyg csif;vlrsdK;wdkY\ vuf0,fü ordkif;0if*l onf/ yifv,fjyifü ,if;rd;k aygufonf xif&m S; bk&m; ausmif;uefrsm; ,aeYwdkifwnf&dSaeyg vdrfhrnfrxifyg/ \/ pmwwf?pmcs csi; f &[ef;awmfrsm; &da S eyg\/ tMuifoa l wmfpif "r®rw d a f qGonf Ak'\ ¨ rauG;wdkif;a'oBuD;? a,me,fa'o xD; omoemawmf u d k xG e f ; um;jyef Y y G m ;atmif vif;NrdKUteD; xvif;&GmwGif csif;vlrsdK;rsm;wnf aqmif&u G v f a kd om jzLpifonfh o'¨gpdw& f o Sd nf cJa h om (a&Tue G t f y k ) f *lb& k m;? ausmufxNk rdKUe,f qdjk im;tH/ h Ak'\ ¨ w&m;"r®ukd rodou l o kd a d tmif 44

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46

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48

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49

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50

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51

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57

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58

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csif;a&mifjcnfodkY ay;ydkYxm;aom pmrlrsm;udk(pmrsufESmtcuftcJaMumifh) tvSnfhus a&G;cs,faz:jyoGm;ygrnf/ pmrl&Sifrsm;em;vnf cGifhvTwfMuyg &ef awmif;yeftyfygonf/ csif;a&mifjcnfudk csD;ajr§mufMu aomaMumifh aus;Zl;txl;wifygonf/ t,f ' D w mtzG J U
60

udkBuD;aumif;(ewfrawmif)
&nfñTef; 1/ DNA ynm 2/ urÇmBuD;&JUodyy HÜ nm(a'gufwmcifarmifnKd ) (twdi k ; f rodr*¾Zif; trSwf 121? Zlvi kd f 2003)

csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' ¨ " r® r *¾ Z if ;

bk&m;apwDysufwdkYudk jyKjyifrGef;rH&jcif;tusdK; t&Sifem*dE´(ykyÜm;)
&[ef;wdkY . tMuifolwdkYonfum;- bk&m; w&m;?oHCmwnf;[laom &wemoH; k yg;*kPw f Ykd üvnf;aumif;? uH uH\tusKd;üvnf;aumif;? tvGe, f MkH unfonfjzpfí? qGr; f cJb, G a f bmZOf t0wfouFe; f tp&Sa d om &[ef;wdt Yk m; uyÜ, d b@mjzpfaom y&du©&mwdkYudkvnf;aumif;? xD;?wHcGef?a&csrf;? yef;aygufayguf tp&Sdonf wdu Yk v kd nf;aumif;? vSL'gef;ylaZmfue k \ f / xdx k o kd a Ykd om tvSLudv k L S aomaMumifh t MuiftMuifoa Ykd omb0ü xdx k o kd a Ykd om 'geap wemonftusKd;ay;\/ xdkapwemtusKd; ay;aomb0ü a&T?ykvJ?ywåjrm;tp&Sdaom & wemwdu Yk kd wif;awmif;jzifo h mcsifí oH; k aqmif &aom? twG i f ; ty oH k ; aqmif a y;urf ; í rukeE f i dk a f om? o0dnmPu t0dnmPu & wemwdE Yk i S jhf ynfp h a kH om? olaX;ol<u,f ya' o &mZf {u&mZf pMu0aw; rE¨mwf odMum; ol ,mrf oEÅKóDwtp&Sa d om vlrif;csr;f om ewf rif;csrf;omwdkYudk cHpm;&onfomvQifjzpf\/ vlUjynfüjzpfaomfvnf;aumif;? ewfjynfü jzpfaomfvnf;aumif;? vlwum ewfwumwdYk xuf xl;jrwfvp S m G aom Munfñz kd , G & f a dS om tqif;oP²ef Mueft*FgBu;D i,fvu©Pm wifh w,fjcif;tp&Sdaom tusKd;wdkESifhjynfhpHkonf

omvQifjzpf\ [k a'oemawmf t"dygÜ ,fvm onf/ þa'oemawmfvmonfEi S t hf nD tMuif olwdkYonf y&dedAÁmefvGefavNyD;aom jrwfpGm bk&m;wd\ Yk o&D&"mwfawmf arGawmf pHaysmf udef;0yf&mjzpfaom pnf;cHk ykxdk; apwD NydKEGrf; ysufp; D avonfwu Ykd kd ûypkjyifqif&uke\ f / xdk olwo Ykd nf BuD;us,fjyefy Y m G ; rsm;jrwfaom t usdK;wdkYudk cHpm;pHpm;&ukef\/ tb,fonfwu Ykd a kd xmufí od&moenf; [krlum; ... þurÇmrSjyefía&onf&Sdaomf urÇm wpfoe d ; f wufü y'krw k & å jrwfpm G bk&m;onf vlwi G x f if&m S ; bk&m;jzpfawmfr\ l ? toufawmf

61

csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' ¨ " r® r *¾ Z if ; wpfoe d ; f aeí y&deA d m Á efve G o f nf&a dS omf xdjk rwf ûypkjyifqif okwo f ifjcif;udk jyKBu&aomolwYkd pGmbk&m;\ wcJeufaom "mwfawmfu, kd í l ? onf? yb*F& k rax&fonf &tyfaomtusdK; vl ewf e*g; odMum; jA[®m taygif;wdo Yk nf uJo h a Ykd omtusdK;udk rcRwf{uef trSer f c k s & tjrifhckESpf,lZem&Sdaom BuD;pGmaomapwD vwHh[k ,HkMunfaompdwfudk jzpfapukef&m wnfí ud;k uG,u f e k \ f / xda k pwDawmfonf um onf/ vMumojzifh ysufp; D í awmcsKHty k z f ; kH vQuf &Sd ysup f ;D ,d, k i G ;f aeaombk&m;çykx;kd çapwD a[mif; av\/ rsm;udk jyefvnfûyjyifrGef;rHolwdkif; vlçewfç xdt k cg wpfa,mufaom'g,umonf rsm; edAm Á efo; kH wefcsrf;om ay;wwfpm G aom yg&rDuk pGmaomolwu Ykd kd wdi k y f ifE; dI aqmfí tk|f t*Faw odv k a f umif;rI vkyi f ef;&yfBuD; wpfcjk zpfaBumif; aq;'gef; jrif;oDvm em,um a&TaiGtp&Sd a½S;a½S;aom q&mawmfb& k m;BuD;rsm; a&;om; onfwjYkd zifh vSywifw h ,f cs,fv, S f jyifqif awmfrc l o hJ nfh a'oemo*F[ vufopfw&m; jcif;udûk y&\? xdo k o l nf touftwdi k ; f aeí pmrS rl&if;twdkif; wifjytyfygonf/ / aocJa h omf wm0wðomewfjynfü tjrif, h Z l emajcmufq,f tcsif;,lZemoH; k q,f txG#f ( ½SmazGwifjyo) l ,lZemoHk;&m&Sdaom &wemAdrmefBuD;aygufí ´ ewforD;wpfaxmifNcH&v H Quf BuD;pGmaom ewf ausmufqifr h awm&ausmif; pnf;pdrfudkcHpm;&\/ ewfuefvnfqnf avQmfawm½GmteD; þoda Yk omenf;jzifh urÇmwpfoe d ; f umv ykyÜg;-ausmufyef;awmif; ywfv; kH tyg,fav;yg;çrvm;rlí? odMum;rif\ tjzpfonfum;ç tBudro f ; kH &m? pBumrif;\t jzpf ESpfq,fhig;Budrf? ya'o&mZftjzpfudkum; ra&rwGufom rsm;jym;pGmjzpfí? igwdkY jrwf pGmbk&m; vufxufawmfoYkd a&mufaomtcg vljzpfí t½G,o f a Ykd &mufvQif omoemawmfü &[ef;ûyonf½Sdaomf rMumjrifhrDyifvQif y#d orÇd'gywå&[EÅmtjzpfodkYa&mufí yb*Fk& rax&f[k ausmfaZmxif½Sm;pGmjzpfavonf/ þa'oemuda k xmufojzifh ,cktcg ysufpD;avNyD;aom pnf;cHkçykxdk;çapwD wdkYudk 62

t½Sifem*dE

csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' ¨ " r® r *¾ Z if ;

csif;Ak'¨omoeygvutzGJUBuD;odkYvSL'gef;Muaom tvSL&Sifrsm;pm&if;
pmapmiftrSwf(2)wGif xnhfoGif;&efjzpfaomfvnf;? usef&SdcJhonhftvSL&Sifpm&if;udk jyefvnfxnhfoGif; azmfjytyfygonf/ (tvSL&Sifrsm; cGifhvTwfMuyg&ef tEl;tñTwf yefMum;tyfygonf/)

1/OD;ÓmPdó&mvuFm&(a&Tyg&rDq&mawmf)usifa'G;&Gm-20ç000d^ 2/r,fawmfBuD;a':½lyod*Ð? tif;0NrdKU-20ç000d^ 3/qvdkif;&JxGef;?*kwfBuD;-6ç000d^ 4/a':0dvmoD?uav;0awm&ausmif;wdkuf? &efue k f 5ç000d^ 5/a':u½kPm?eE´r& l y d o f m?&efue k f 5ç000d^ 6/OD;wifatmif+a':cifjrif(h SAT)?usifa'G; &Gm-5ç000d^ 7/OD;cifarmif0if;+a':&if&ifrdom;pk?usifa'G;&Gm-5ç000d^ 8/OD;cdkifatmif+a':wifwif&D? ukeo f nf?usifa'G;&Gm-5ç000d^ 9/OD;armifMum+a':vSoe d ; f ?ukeo f nf?usifa'G;&Gm-5ç000d^ 10/OD;cifarmif Munf+a':eDeDat;?ukefonf?usifa'G;&Gm-5ç000d^ 11/q&mrBuD;a':cif&D?tvkH?&efukefNrdKU-5ç000d^ 12/OD;tke; f ausmf+a':t,feND idr; f -2ç500d^ 13/OD;oef;Edi k + f a':bkwt f d 2ç500d^ 14/OD;vSu+ kd a':aroG,f 2ç500d^ 15/OD;vSze k ; f +a':bkr-2ç500d^ 16/OD;pd; k 0if;rdom;pk-2ç000d^ 17/q&mra':eDvmode; f ?*kwBf uD; -1ç500d^18/a':yr,f?EkE?k *kwBf uD;-1ç500d^19/rdi k Z f ifrmjrif?h atmifvH 1ç500d^20/rdi k c f sdKcsdK0if;?atmifvH -1ç500d^ 21/OD;a&cJ+rEJGUat;?ukefonf?usifa'G;&Gm-1ç500d^ 22/a':cifcsdKat;?olemjyK?usifa'G;&Gm -1ç500d^ 23/OD;atmifBuD;+a':odef;ñGefY?usifa'G;&Gm-1ç500d^ 24/a':ayG0g?izJNrdKUe,f-1ç500d^ 25/ OD;jrifhEdkifrdom;pk?r^'*kH?&efukef-1ç500d^ 26/OD;yg+a':&if?prf;acsmif;?&efukef-1ç500d^27/OD;&J0if;rdom;pk?*kwfBuD;-1ç000d^ 28/udkausmf Edkifrdom;pk-1ç000d^ 29/OD;vSjrifh?tvkH?&efukef-1ç000d^ 30/a':yrkef;?*kwfBuD;-800d^ 31/OD;yef; atmifrdom;pk?*kwfBuD;-700^ 32/a':cif0if; rdom;pk?*kwfBuD;-700d^ 33/OD;aqGrdom;pk?iSufawmfOD;500d^ 34/&SifMo'gw-500d^ 35/OD;ÓmP("r®mp&d,)ynmrOÆLausmif;-500d^ 36/OD;ÓmP(crD;11&yf?uHb) hJ -500d^ 37/t&Sio f 0 k PÖ?0gqdr k a DS usmif;-500d^ 38/t&Sifauwkrmvm?0gqdkrSDausmif;500d^ 39/t&Siftmpm&?o&zlrif;ausmif;-500d^ 40/t&Sifukov?atmif&wemausmif;-500d^ 41/ armifausmfqef;?anmifyifvIdif-500d^ 42/armifvSodef;atmif? atmif&wemausmif;-500d^ 43/ &SifawZ?atmif&wemausmif;-500d^ 44/OD;EdIif;rdom;pk?*kwfBuD;- 500d^wdkYjzpfygonf/

ref;a&Tpufawmf? urÇmat; (csif;bk&m;) csif;Ak'¨omoeygvutzGJUrSwqifh vSL'gefaomtvSL&Sifrsm;pm&if;
1/ OD;wifatmif+a':wifoe d ; f rdom;pk- 30ç000d^(u) OD;at;armif? usifa'G;? tvSLcHay;aiG (pkpkaygif; = 20ç000d^) 1/ a':jr[ef?usifa'G;&Gma[mif;-1ç000d^ 2/a':odef;&if?usifa'G;atmuf&Gm-1ç000d^ 3/OD;apm 63

csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' ¨ " r® r *¾ Z if ; cif?usifa'G;&Gm-1ç000d^ 4/OD;at;NrdKif?usifa'G;&Gm-1ç000d^ 5/OD;yxm?usifa'G;&Gm-1ç000d^ 6/OD;at; armif+a':cif&D?ukefonf?usifa'G;&Gm-15ç000d^/ (c)q&mra':at;jrifh? usifa'G;? tvSLcHay;aiG (pkpkaygif; = 38ç500d^) 1/OD;uGD;ydkif;?rqmwD&Gm-500d^ 2/a':wif0if;?usifa'G;&Gm-500d^ 3/a':eef;pdef?usifa'G;&Gm-1ç000d^ 4/OD;rsdK;atmif+roef;oef;pdk;?ukefonf?usifa'G;&Gm-1ç000d^ 5/OD;cdkifatmif+a':wifwif&D?usifa'G;&Gm1ç000d^ 6/OD;jra&T+a':rdk;rdk;?usifa'G;&Gm-1ç000d^ 7/OD;atmifBuD;+a':odef;ñGefY?usifa'G;&Gm-1ç000d^ 8/OD;rif;Adk+rpdk;pdk;?usifa'G;&Gm-1ç000d^ 9/OD;armifuH+a':pkpkvdIif?usifa'G;&Gm-1ç000d^ 10/OD;armif Mum+a':vSodef;?usifa'G;&Gm-1ç000d^ 11/OD;pHñGefY+a':pef;pef;wif?usifa'G;&Gm-1ç000d^12/OD;cif armifMunf+a':eDeDat;?usifa'G;&Gm-1ç000d^ 13/a':cifcsdKat;?olemjyKq&mr?usifa'G;&Gm-1ç000d^ 14/OD;ÓmPfarmif+a':vS&D?usifa'G;&Gm-1ç000d^ 15/OD;atmifausmfrdom;pk?usifa'G;&Gm-1ç000d^ 16/ a':aomif;ar?usef;rma&;(Nidrf;)?usifa'G;&Gm-5ç000d^ 17/a':y&Sm?usifa'G;&Gm-1ç000d ^ 18/t&S i f tmavmu?zkHwDG;usif;?omoemjyK-5ç000d^ 19/OD;vS0if;rdom;pk?usifa'G;&Gm-1ç000d^ 20/OD;pdk; oef;+a':raxG;?usifa'G;&Gm-1ç000d^ 21/t&Sif&mZdE´?usifa'G;&Gm-1ç000d^ 22/a':vIdifxGef;?LHV? usifa'G;&Gm-5ç000d^ 23/OD;xGef;&D+a':at;cif?usifa'G;&Gm-1ç000d^ 24/r&D&Djrifh?usifa'G;&Gm2ç000d^ 25/OD;armifydkif?cdkifpD&Gm-1ç000d^wdkYjzpfygonf/ (*)q&mra':at;jrifh? usifa'G;? tvSLcHay;aiG (pkpkaygif; = 50ç000d^) 1/a':oef;Munf?usifa'G;&Gm-1ç000d^ 2/a':ya&T?usifa'G;&Gm-1ç000d^ 3/a':odef;[efrdom;pk? usifa'G;&Gm-1ç000d^ 4/q&mOD;ausmfwifh?usifa'G;&Gm-1ç000d^ 5/a':ybk?usifa'G;&Gm-500d^ 6/OD;xGef; atmifrdom;pk?usifa'G;&Gm-1ç000d^ 7/a':pef;ñGefYrdom;pk?usifa'G;&Gm-1ç000d^ 8/OD;vSarmifrdom;pk? usifa'G;&Gm-1ç000d^ 9/OD;jrifhEdkif+a':cifaxG;&D?usifa'G;&Gm-1ç500d^ 10/OD;at;jrifh?zkef;wDG;aus;&Gm1ç000d^ 11/OD;bl;qdkif?usifa'G;&Gm-1ç000d^ 12/ OD;jrodef;+a':cifrdk;Edkif?usifa'G;&Gm-1ç000d^ 13/OD; armiftkef;+a':oef;Munf?usifa'G;&Gm-1ç000d^ 14/rwifrmEdkif?usifa'G;&Gm-1ç000d^ 15/a':at;pdef? usifa'G;&Gm-1ç000d^ 16/OD;0if;csdK?usifa'G;&Gm-1ç000d^ 17/OD;a&Todef;(vlomjyK)?cdkifpD&Gm-1ç000d^ 18/ OD;ausmfwif?SAT?usifa'G;&Gm-1ç000d^ 19/OD;atmifuG,frdom;pk?usifa'G;&Gm-1ç000d^20/OD;y@dw usifa'G;&Gm-4ç000d^ 21/OD;rdk;ausmf?uefyufvufNrdKU-1ç000d^ 22/a':pHjrifhEG,f?usifa'G;&Gm-10ç000d^ 23/a':at;jrifh?usifa'G;&Gm-3ç000d^ 24/OD;cdkifjr+a':odef;odef;rdk;?usifa'G;&Gm-3ç000d^ 25/OD;armif atmif+a':pef;?(v,fjy)usifa'G;&Gm-10ç000d^wdkYjzpfygonf/ (C) OD;wifatmif tvSLcHaiGrsm; (pkpkaygif; = 340ç500d^) 1/OD;armifus,f+a':rdrdcdkifrdom;pk?&efukef-5ç000d^ 2/a'gufwma':rdk;olZm?t*FvefEkdifiH(a':vm 100)89ç000d ^ 3/oD v &S i f B uD ; a':½l y od * Ð t m;trS L ;xm;í? orD ; rat;at;ouf + om;armif ausmfcdkifvwf-100000d^ 4/OD;oH0&?"r®vuFm&ausmif;?ajrmufOuúvm-3ç000d^ 5/OD;rdk;(oHvsif) 5ç000d^ wdjYk zpfygonf/ / 64

csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' ¨ " r® r *¾ Z if ; (i) a':at;jrifh?usifa'G;&Gm? tvSLcHay;aiG (pkpkaygif; = 29ç200d^) 1/armifaZmfrif;xG#?f atmufuef& Y m G - 500d^ 2/OD;cifatmif+a':yvdkif;?atmufausmufykHusif; &Gm-1ç000d^ 3/OD;jrxGef;rdom;pk?ausmufykHusif;&Gm-500d^ 4/OD;wifatmif?aAGapmif&Gm-1ç000d^ 5/ OD;xGef;atmifrdom;pk?&Sifapm&Gm-1ç000d^ 6/OD;pHausmf?&Sifapm&Gm-700d^ 7/rñdkvS?rvScif?&Sifapm &Gm-500d^ 8/OD;tkef;armif?&Sifapm&Gm-500d^ 9/OD;0if;atmifrdom;pk?&Sifapm&Gm-500d^ 10/a':yEdIif;? &Sifapm&Gm-1ç000d^ 11/OD;vGef;armif?&Sifapm&Gm-1ç000d^ 12/OD;armifus,f? &Sia f pm&Gm 1ç000d^ 13/ OD;vGef;ausmf?&Sifapm&Gm-1ç000d^ 14/a':vSwif?&Sifapm&Gm-1ç000d^15/OD;oef;armif?&Sifapm&Gm1ç000d^ 16/OD;Edkifus,f?&Sifapm&Gm-1ç000d^ 17/OD;wifatmif?&Sifapm&Gm-1ç000d^ 18/OD;xGef;vIdif? &Sifapm&Gm-1ç000d^ 19/OD;atmifxGef;?&Sifapm&Gm-2ç000d^ 20/OD;cifatmif? usifa'G;&Gm- 1ç000d^ 21/a':yr,f ? &S i f a pm&G m -1ç000d ^ 22/OD ; wif a tmif + a':cif j rif h ? &S i f a pm&G m -3ç500d ^ 23/ OD;0if;ñGefY+a':cifxm;Munf?avmif;&SnfNrdKU-5ç000d^ 24/OD;vSarmif?&Sifapm&Gm-1ç000d^ 25/ OD;0if;armif?&Sifapm&Gm-500d^wdkYjzpfygonf/ / (p) OD;ae0if;?atmufuefY&Gm? tvSLcHay;aiG(pk (pkpkaygif; = 35ç500d^) 1/OD;armifqdkif?rif;jym;NrdKUe,f-500d^ 2/a':jrav;rdom;pk?atmufuefY&Gm-7ç000d^ 3/armifjrifh 0if;?usifa'G;&Gm-5ç000d^ 4/OD;ayoD;rdom;pk?atmufuefY&Gm-1ç000d^ 5/a':yarmfrdom;pk?atmuf uefY&Gm-1000^ 6/OD;armifEdkif?iGrf;Zdkif&Gm-1ç000d^ 7/OD;xGef;armifrdom;pk?atmufuefY&Gm-1ç000d^ 8/OD;xGef;0if;rdom;pk?atmufuefY&Gm-1ç000d^ 9/OD;pHcdkif?ausmif;tkyf?atmufuefY&Gm-1ç000d^ 10/ OD;atmif&Sdefrdom;pk?atmufuefY&Gm-1ç000d^ 11/a':yvdef;rdom;pk?atmufuefY&Gm-1ç000d^ 12/ OD;rsdK;oufcdkif?atmufuefY&Gm-500d^ 13/OD;armifbl;rdom;pk?atmufuefY&Gm-1ç000d^ 14/OD;cspfcdkifrd om;pk?atmufuefY&Gm-3ç000d^ 15/OD;cdkifcspfrdom;pk?atmufuefY&Gm-1ç000d^ 16/OD;cspfqkHrdom; pk?atmufuefY&Gm-1ç000d^ 17/OD;xGef;azrdom;pk?atmufuefY&Gm-1ç000d^ 18/OD;xGef;atmifrdom;pk? atmufuefY&Gm-1ç000d^ 19/OD;pdk;vIdifrdom;pk?atmufuefY&Gm-1ç000d^ 20/OD;cdkifwkwfrdom;pk?atmuf uef& Y m G -500d^ 21/OD;uHñe G r Yf o d m;pk?atmufuef& Y m G -500d^ 22/a':wif&D om;orD;wpfp?k atmufuef& Y m G1ç000d^ 23/OD;ausmfpdk;rdom;pk?atmufuefY&Gm-1ç000d^ 24/OD;cifarmif0if;rdom;pk?atmufuefY&Gm1ç000d^ 25/OD;aZmfrif;aemifro d m;pk?atmufuef& Y m G -500d^ 26/OD;jrifc h i kd r f o d m;pk?atmufuef& Y m G -1ç000d^ 27/OD;armifMumrdom;pk?atmufuef& Y m G -500d^wdjYk zpfMuygonf/ / (q)a':cif0if;?atmufuefY&Gm? tvSLcHay;aiG (pkpkaygif; = 54ç000d^) 1/OD;cdkifxGef;+a':cif0if;rdom;pk(z.q.y.v)&efukef-3000d^ 2/a':vSvSat;rdom;pk?uefyufvuf 3000d^ 3/a':cifat;rdom;pk?&efuif;-2000d^ 4/OD;Edkif0if;rdom;pk?urm&Gwf-1000d^ 5/OD;vSrif;wl+ a':at;at;&D?r^'*Hk-5000d^ 6/a':at;Munfrdom;pk?a&Tjynfom-3000d^ 7/a':pdefxGef;?a&Tjynfom 1000d^ */a':a|;a|;&D?Munfhjrifwdkif-1000d^ 9/a':vSvS&D(z.q.y.v)1000d^ 10/OD;baz+a':zGm;&Sif? &efue k f 1000d^ 11/udE k i kd v f if;?udp k ; kd atmif?uda k usmfausmf?&efue k f 1000d^ 12/OD;ausmfp; kd +a':MuLMuLjrif?h 65

csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' ¨ " r® r *¾ Z if ; urm&Gwf-5000d^ 13/a':pef;pef;jrifh?&efukef-5000d^ 14/OD;jrifhvGif(z.q.y.v)1000d^ 15/OD;ausmfa0+ a':aroef;?urÇmat;vrf;-3000d^ 16/a':&ifjrrdom;pk (z.q.y.v)-5000d^ 17/udk0if;ausmf+rMuL MuLcd k i f p d k ; (z. q . y . v )-1000d ^ 18/a':jr[ef?a&Tjynfom-3000d^ 19/a':pdex f e G ; f ?a&Tjynfom-1000d 20/udv k a l rT;+reef;a&T0g?a&Tjynfom-1000d^ 21/uda k |;armf+r&D&p D ; kd ?tif;r-1000d^ 22/OD;aomif;a|;+ reef;pE´m?r*Fvm'kH-500d^ 23/a':oef;oef;a|;?tif;pdefvrf;-500d^ 24/OD;&JnGefU+a':at;oef;? orD;r,rkHoefY(zqyv)-3000d^ 25/a':0if;0if;rm?orD;at;jidfrf;ol(zqyv)-2000d^wdkYjzpfygonf/ (Z)a':vSvSat;? uefyufvuf tvSLcHay;aiG (pkpkaygif; = 57500d^) 1/a':yrl?ukeo f nf?uefyufvufjrdKU-10000d^ 2/a':"n0wD?jrdKUr(2)uefyufvufjrdKU-1000d^ 3/a':odef;&if?jrdKUr(1)uefyufvuf-1000d^ 4/OD;vSarmif?jrdKUr(2)uefyufvuf-1000d^ 5/a':wif Munf?jrdKUr(1)uefyufvuf-500d^ 6/OD;wifatmif?vrf;Akv d ?f jrdKUr(2)uefyufvuf-2000d^ 7/a':ode; f &if?NrdKUr(2)uefyufvuf-1000d^ 8/a':cifjrihf?NrdKUr(2)uefyufvuf-5000d^ 9/OD;apm&Sdef?NrdKUr (2)uefyufvuf-2000d^ 10/raESmif;?NrdKUr(2)uefyufvuf-3000d^ 11/a':usifar?NrdKUr(2)uefyuf vuf-1000d^ 12/a':oef;&if?NrdKUr(1)uefyufvuf-1000d^ 13/OD;rkd;ausmfOD;?NrdKUr(1)uefyufvuf1000d^ 14/OD;aZmfjrifhodef;?jrdKUr(1)uefyufvuf-2000d^ 15/OD;aiGodef;+a':rr?jrdKUr(1)uefyufvuf1000d^ 16/OD;pHjr+a':eef;oG,f?ûrdUr(2)uefyufvuf-10000d^ 17/OD;xGef;odef;+a':wifjr?NrdKUr(2) uefyufvuf-5000d^ 18/OD;vSaz?jrdKUr(2)uefyufvuf-1000d^ 19/a':cif0if;Munf?jrdKUr(2)uefyuf vuf-1000d^20/OD;&efatmif+a':rmrmat;?iawmfpw k & f m G -1000d^21/a':ode; f ar?iawmfpw k & f m G -500d^ 22/OD;&Sm+a':eef;cif?jrdKUr(2)uefyufvuf-1000d^ 23/OD;uHpl?jrdKUr(2)uefyufvuf-500d^ 24/ OD;armifqdkif?jrdKUr(2)uefyufvuf-2000d^25/a':vdkif;[kef;?jrdKUr(2)uefyufvufjrdKU-3000d^. / (ps) qvdkif;½dk;armif? uav;0awm& tvSLcHay;aiG(pkpkaygif; = 80350d^) 1/*kwfBuD;omoemûyq7mawmf?*kwfBuD;&Gm?izJjrdKUe,f-20000d^ 2/a':at;jrifh?(7)vrf;?ajrmuf Ouúvmy(1)&yfuGuf-1000d^3/a':yr,frdom;pk?*kwfMuD;?izJjrdKUe,f-2000d^4/a':orm"d?eE´rl&dyfom? uav;0awm&-2000d^5/a':0dvmoD?eE´rl&dyfom?uav;0awm&-2000d^6/a':*½kPm?eE´rl&dyfom uav;0awm&-2500d^ 7/a':,óeE´D?eE´rl&dyfom?uav;0awm&-2000d^ 48/rdkifwdk;wdk;vGif? em*vkdPf*l-2000d^ 9/rkdifeDvmxGef;?em*vkdPf*l-2000d^ 10/rynmod*Ð?em*vkdPf*l-2000d^ 11/ a':"r®eE´mod*Ð?em*vkdPf*l-5000d^ 12/rpkjrwfvdIif?em*vkdPf*-550d^ 13/rauom?*kwfBuD;&Gm izJNrKd Ue,f-1000d^ 14/a':0PÖpm&D?eE´rl&dyfom-10000d^ 15/rauom?eE´rl&dyfom-2000d^ 16/ OD;eD+a':yef;&ifro d m;pk?uke; f om&Gm?ueDNrdKUe,f-2000d^ 17/rESi; f qD?awmifBuD;NrdKU-1000d^ 18/rEki,f? awmifBuD;NrKd U-1000d^ 19/rcs,& f r D ; kd ?rcifrma|;?eE´r& l y d o f m-1000d^ 20/rok0PÖ?eE´r& l y d o f m-1000d^ 21/rwifrdk;vIdif?ajryHkNrdKUe,f?&cdkifjynfe,f-1000d^ 22/rpdwå?xef;b&maus;&Gm?[dkykef;NrdKU-500d^23/ rokre?axmufacgif;?[dy k e k ; f NrdKU-500d^24/a':0dvmoD-3300d^ 25/r0PÖod*Ð 5000d^wdjYk zpfygonf/
66

csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' ¨ " r® r *¾ Z if ; (n) q&mra':at;jrifh tvSLcHay;aiG(pkpkaygif; = 20900d^) 1/OD;ae0if;rdom;pk?atmufuefY&Gm-1000d^ 2/OD;pdk;0if;rdom;pk?acgufykHusif;&Gm-1000d^ 3/OD; armifZif;rdom;pk?acgufykHusif;&Gm-1000d^ 4/OD;aexGef;rdom;pk?acgufykHusif;&Gm-1000d^ 5/a':vS wifrdom;pk?acgufykHusif;&Gm-150d^ 6/OD;ÓmPf&dSefrdom;pk?acgufykHusif;&Gm-1000d^ 7/OD;wifarmif rdom;pk?acgufykHusif;&Gm-500d^ 8/OD;ausmf'Gef;rdom;pk?acgufykHusif;&Gm-1000d^ 9/OD;ae0if;rdom;pk acgufykHusif;&Gm-1000d^ 10/OD;atmifxGef;av;rdom;pk?acgufykHusif;&Gm-1000d^ 11/a':apmMunf rdom;pk?acgufykHusif;&Gm-1000d^ 12/OD;pHat;rdom;pk?acgufykHusif;&Gm-1000d^ 13/OD;oef;0if; rdom;pk acgufyu Hk sif;&Gm-1000d^ 14/rat;at;atmifro d m;pk?acgufyu Hk sif;&Gm-1000d^ 15/OD;xGe; f Mu,fro d m;pk acgufyu Hk sif;&Gm-300d^ 16/OD;armifoef;rdom;pk?acgufyu Hk sif;&Gm-1000d^ 17/OD;atmifp; kd 0if;rdom;pk?acguf ykHusif;&Gm-500d^ 18/OD;bcuf rdom;pk?acgufykHusif;&Gm-1000d^ 19/a':ya&T rdom;pk?acgufykHusif;&Gm 1000d^ 20/a':cifa|;&Drdom;pk?uefyufvuf-1000d^21/OD;vSarmif?usifa'G;-500d^22/a':yr,f rdom;pk?usifa'G;-500d^ 23/a':yEIdif;rdom;pk?usiffa'G;-500d^ 24/a':wifaiGrdom;pk?usiffa'G;-500d^ 25/a':at;jrifhrdom;pk?usifa'G;-2350d^ wdkYjzpfygonf/ (#) OD;at;armif(ukefonf)usifa'G;&Gm tvSLcHay;aiG(18500d^) 1/OD;vSaomif;+a':odef;&D?usifa'G;&Gma[mif;-1000d^ 2/OD;pHa&T?usifa'G;&Gm-1000d^ 3/a':cif ar&D(v,fjy)?usifa'G;&Gm-1000d^ 4/OD;Mu,fv; Hk +a':vSwif?usifa'G;&Gm-1000d^ 5/a':cs,fpOf;?usif;a'G;1000d^ 6/OD;cifatmif+a':oef;cif?usifa'G;&Gm-1000d^ 7/OD;barmif+a':yauG?usifa'G;&Gm-1000d^ 8/OD;armifxl;+a':cif&D?usifa'G;&Gm-1000d^ 9/a':MunfMunfat;?usifa'G;&Gm-1000d^ 10/OD;wif xGef;(vlomjyK)avmufarmh&Gm-1000d^ 11/OD;0if;&Sdef+a':oef;&D;?usifa'G;&Gm-1000d^ 12/OD;rsKd;xG#f +a':oef;oef;at;(t.v.jy)usifa'G;&Gm-1000d^ 13/a':pef;pef;0if;(xufjy)usifa'G;&Gm-1000d^ 14/rjrifhjrifhat;?usifa'G;&Gm-1000d^ 15/armifzkef;jrifharmif+rcdkifoZif?usifa'G;&Gm-1000d^ 16/OD;0if; OD;?usifa'G;&Gm-500d^ 17/a':vSpE´D?usifa'G;&Gm-500d^ 18/OD;jrifhaxG;+a':oDwm0if;?usifa'G;&Gm-500d^ 19/OD;rsKd;axG;+a':pE´mvGif?usifa'G;&Gm-100d^ wdkYjzpfygonf/

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csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' ¨ " r® r *¾ Z if ; -10000d^ 9/racsm½lygatmif?prf;acsmif;-10000d^ 10/a':yoQm?aqmNrdKU-10000d^ 11/OD;rsKd;jrifhOD; rdom;pk?jynfawmfom&yf?[m;cg;NrdKU-10000d^ 12/a':ESif;Munf?NrdKUr(2)uefyufvuf-10000d^ 13/ OD;bcspfrdom;pk(&Spfrdkif)-6000d^ 14/OD;pHMu,f?vmvQifzHkusif;?usifa'G;-6000d^wdkYjzpfygonf/

ig;axmifusyf(5000d)-tvSL½Sifrsm;
1/OD;oH0&(yvuf0)"r®vuFm&ausmif;?r^Ouúvm^ 2/armifjynfNh zdK;<u,f?prf;acsmif;^ 3/roef; oef;EG,f(csrf;[def;)apwkwå&m^ 4/udkausmfrdk;(uyp-20)apwkwå&m? 5/OD;xdef(aeydkifpdk;ukrÜPD)ap wkwå&m^ 6/OD;tmvmu?zkef;wGD;usif;q&mawmf?usifa'G;^ 7/OD;0if;udk?vmvQifzHkusif;½Gm?usifa'G;^ 8/OD;ode; f us,f?vmvQifzu kH sif½m G ?usifa'G;^ 9/OD;xGe; f ud?k vmvQifzu kH sif;½Gm?usifa'G;^ 10/OD;rd; k ?oefvsif^ 11/udkusefjrifh?&if;uJ&Gm^ 12/OD;ÚmPdó&mvuFm&(a&Tyg&rD)usifa'G;½Gm^ 13/a':cifcifvS?NrdKUr(1) uefyufvuf^ 14/OD;oD[atmif+a':pef;pef;pdk;?uefyufvuf^ 15/OD;[kef;uD;az+a':cifolZm?om; armifxuf&& J if?h [m;cg;NrdKU^ 16/OD;atmifwif?vli,foifwef;ausmif;?[m;cg;NrdKU^ 17/OD;wifxe G ; f atmif? vli,foifwef;ausmif;?[m;cg;NrdKU^ 18/OD;[kef;uD;?vli,foifwef;ausmif;?[m;cg;NrdKU^ 19/a':trm rdom;pk?aps;opf&yf?[m;cg;NrdKU^ 20/aumif;aumif;ukefpHkqdkif?aps;opf&yf?[m;cg;NrdKU^ 21/OD;ausmf ausmf?qdkifu,ftydkypönf;qdkif?[m;cg;NrdKU^ 22/OD;zdk;xl;+a':apmaqGrdom;pk?[m;cg;NrdKU^ 23/a':&Drd om;pk?*efYa*gvrf;?[m;cg;NrdKU^ 24/OD;pdefvGifrdom;pk?*efYa*gvrf;?[m;cg;NrdKU^ 25/a':[mvdef;vdkif; vli,foifwef;ausmif;?[m;cg;NrdKU^ 26/OD;0if;Adkvfrdom;pk?jynfawmfom&yf?[m;cg;NrdKU^ 27/OD;armif; vdef;+a':tdkpD?jynfawmfom&yf?[m;cg;NrdKU^ 28/OD;vdef;[m+a':&Sif;blrdom;pk?[m;cg;NrdKU^ 29/a':oef; oef;axG;?vIi d o f m,m(x-2)^ 30/a'gufwmeef;xdu k c f if?dbe(1)^ 31/a':at;at;jrif?h yef;wdi k ( f txu cG) J ^ 32/a':wifwif0if;?tif;pdef bdu k e k ; f ^ 33/OD;atmifarmfxe G ; f +a':jrifv h i Id ?f ausmif;awmf&m?rauG;wdi k ; f -4000d^wdkYjzpfygonf/

oHk;axmifusyf(3000d) tvSL½Sifrsm;
1/udu k e kd i kd + f rvSE, G a f xG;( )apwkw& å m^ 2/OD;qef;xGe; f edi k ( f )apwkw& å m^ 3/OD;ausmfoef;? usifa'G;½Gm^ 4/a':at;jrifh?usifa'G;½Gm^ 5/q&mra':vIdifxGef;?usifa'G;½Gm^ 6/OD;xHkydkif?vmvQifzHkusif; ½Gm?usifa'G;^ 7/a':{od*Ð?tif;0xD;vIdif½Sif?tif;0NrdKU^ 8/a':pef;vGif?oHk;cG^ 9/OD;jrifharmif+a':jrifh jrifh0if;?uHomBuD;?rauG;wdkif;^ 10/a':odef;ESpf?oHk;cG^ 11/OD;oef;aZmfvif;+a':cspfpkvIdif?pHjy&Gm?rauG; wdi k ; f ^ 12/a':pef;pef;oD?dbe(3)pHjy&Gm?rauG;wdi k ; f ^ 13/OD;at;jrif+ h a':ode; f usif?ausmif;awmf&m?rauG; wdi k ; f ^ 14/OD;ode; f armfO; D +a':Munfat;?OD;vluav;vrf;?tvH^ k 15/OD;pHcsder f o d m;pk?ynma&;?usifa'G;&Gm^ 16/rpHjrifhEG,f?usifa'G;&Gm^ 17/a':pdefrdk;cdkif?NrdKUr(2)uefyufvuf^18/rrsdK;rsdkK;a0?&efukefNrdKU^ 19/ a':rlrl0if;?jynfe,ft&m&Sd?[m;cg;NrdKU^ 20/udkatmifausmfOD;?jynfe,fopfawm?[m;cg;NrdKU^ 21/,kZ eqdkif&Sif?jynfawmfom&yf?[m;cg;NrdKU^ 22/armifawZmvif;+r,Gef;e'Datmif?[m;cg;NrdKU^ 23/OD;0if;Ekdif jynfawmfom?[m;cg;NrdKU^ 24/udkat;edkif(uyp-20)apwkwå&m-2500d^25/OD;csKd+a':aqG(pDwDpD-1) apwkwå&m-2500d^ 26/OD;rsKd;(pDwDpD-1)apwkwå&m-2500d^ 8/a':*½kPm?eE´rl&dyfom-2500d^ 68

csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' ¨ " r® r *¾ Z if ;

ESpfaxmifusyf(2000d) tvSL½Sifrsm;
1/OD;pHoe d ; f (Ouú|)iGrp f i kd & f m G ^2/q&mOD;cdi k a f tmif?ausmif;tky?f &Sia f pm&Gm^3/q&mOD;0if;a&T?ausmif;tkyf ylapm&Gm^ 4/OD;cdkifatmif?usifa'G;&Gm^ 5/OD;rif;Adkvf?usifa'G;&Gm^ 6/a':at;vIdif?uefyufvuf NrdKU^ 7/a':ycs,f(xufjy)b0opf&yf?rif;wyfNrdKU^ 8/a':cifav;&D?NrdKUr(2)uefyufvuf^ 9/OD;axG; armif?aps;opf?[m;cg;^ 10/OD;ausmfNidrf;+a':tudkif;?rdom;pk?jynfawmfom?[m;cg;^ 11/OD;jrifh+a':pH awmfur D o d m;pk?[m;cg;^ 12/a':oef;jrif?h trSw( f 3)^ 13/a':jrwfoZ l m?tif;pde^ f 14/a':cif0wfrO HI ; D? vSn; f ul;^ 15/a':eef;tdNzdK;rGe?f wku d Bf uD;^ 16/a':wifwifjr?ausmufww H m;^ 17/OD;oH'i kd ?f ykZe G a f wmif^ 18/OD;oef;a|;atmif?r*Fvmawmifñe G ^ Yf 19/OD;ae0if;+a':wifMunf?pHjy&Gm?rauG;wdi k ; f ^ 20/OD;oef;ñGeYf +a':oef;a&T?yGijhf zLNrdKU?rauG;wdi k ; f ^ 21/rdi k a f ½T&nf0if;armif?*kwBf uD;^ 22/OD;xm;avTro d m;pk?*kwBf uD;½Gm^ 23/OD;Z0dó&^ 24/OD;odef;pdk;?ref;yavmif?apwkwå&m^ 25/OD;ÚmPfvif;?a&aomif½Gm?apwkwå&m^ 26/OD;aZmfxdkuf?ydawmufNrdKif?apwkwå&m^27/OD;ausmf0if;?tHk;0g;?apwkwå&m^ 28/OD;pHnGefY+a':pef;pef; wif?usifa'G;½Gm^ 29/OD;cdkifcefY?usifa'G;½Gm^ 30/OD;ausmfodef;?vmvQifzHkusif;½Gm?usifa'G;^ 31/armif&J rmefatmif?vmvQifzu kH sif;½Gm?usifa'G;^ 32/OD;atmifoe d ; f ?vmvQifzu kH sif;½Gm?usifa'G;^ 33/a':jzLjzLudk vmvQifzu kH sif;½Gm?usifa'G;^ 34/OD;ausmfoef;?vmvQifzu kH sif;½Gm?usifa'G;^ 35/OD;atmifxe G ; f ?½Sia f pm½Gm usifa'G;^ 36/OD;cspfvGif?arNrdU^ 37/OD;aZmfrif;xGef;rdom;pk?*kwfBuD;½Gm^ 38/rdkifESif;oZifa0?*kwfBuD;½Gm^

wpfaxmifhig;&musyf(1500d) tvSL½Sifrsm;
1/OD;BuD;armif(ynma&;)a&aomif½Gm?apwkwå&m 2/OD;ausmfjrifh(ynma&;)?a&aomif½Gm?apwkwå&m 3/OD;pdefarmif?ykydkif;½Gm?apwkwå&m^ 4/OD;rsKd;atmif?usifa'G;½Gm^ 5/OD;armifuH?usifa'G;½Gm^ 6/OD;wif atmif+a':cifjrifh^ 7/a':cifaxG;&D?usifa'G;½Gm^ 8/udkatmifudkvwf+rjrifh0if;Munf?tif;0NrdU^ 9/ qvdkif;awmifwef;?*kwfBuD;½Gm^10/raqmif;ESif;jzL?*kwfBuD;½Gm^ 11/OD;£ó&d,?&Sifapmq&mawmf 12/a':oef;oef;&D?NrdKUr(2)uefyufvuf^ 13/a':odef;[ef?uefyufvufNrdKU^ 14/OD;vS0if;?avmuf armh&Gm?usifa'G;-1200d^ 15/OD;Zedw?ig;atmfusif;&Gm-1100d^wdkYjzpfygonf/ wpfaxmifusyf(1000d) tvSL½Sifrsm; 1/Adv k Bf uD;pHoe d ;f ?r*Fvm'H?k &efue k ^ f 2/OD;Eki d ;f bl?prf;acsmif;?&efue k ^ f 3/OD;azvde;f armif?ok0PÖ? &efukef^ 4/OD;½Sdefvdrf;xef;?&efukef^ 5/OD;b'´d,?&efukef^ 6/½Sift&d,0Ho?aygufacgif;^ 7/rdkifeDvm xGe;f ^ 8/r0PÖod*^ Ð 9/rdi k w f ;kd wd;k vGi^ f 10/a':at;at;jrif^ h 11/a':cifarMunf^ 12/rvdra f pmuD; 13/a':rl;rl;^ 14/aemfvkvkxGef;?apwkwå&m^ 15/a':jrifhjrifhOD;?ydawmufjrdKif?apwkwå&m^ 16/ OD;xGef;vif;?a&aomif&Gm?apwkwå&m^ 17/OD;cif;aZmf0if;?a&aomif&Gm?apwkwå&m^ 18/OD;wifxGef;? usefpdrfh&Gm?apwkwå&m^19/OD;odef;az?ynma&;?usefpdrfh&Gm?apwkwå&m^20/a':auZifa0?pdkufysKd;a&; apwkwå&m^ 21/OD;vSxGef;?apwkwå&m^ 22/OD;vSaomif;+a':odef;cif?yef;csuf?apwkwå&m^ 23/udk ausmfp; kd vGi+ f rcifrr( apwkw& å m^ 24/OD;tHa h &T+a':cif&?D ykyi kd ; f ?apwkw& å m^ 25/OD;atmifcif?yd awmufNrKdi?f apwkw& å m^ 26/OD;oef;armf?aygufacsmif;?apwkw& å m^ 27/OD;yg&*l?qnfusufawmifausmif;? 69

csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' ¨ " r® r *¾ Z if ; apwkw& å m^ 28/OD;awZ0if;( )?apwkw& å m^ 29/OD;atmifxe G ; f 0if;( )?apwkw& å m^ 30/OD;at; csKd?usifBuD;&Gm?apwkw& å m^ 31/OD;atmifarmf?tH; k 0g;&Gm?apwkw& å m^ 32/OD;vSarmf?tH; k 0g;&Gm?apwkw& å m^ 33/OD;odef;armif?wnf*kwf&Gm?apwkwå&m^ 34/ODpEd´rm?tHk;0g;&Gm?apwkwå&m^ 35/OD;y@dw?jrpfusif; q&mawmf?apwkwå&m^ 36/OD;ol&d,?usefq&mawmf?apwkwå&m^ 37/rZifrm0if;?ydawmufNrdKif? apwkw& å m^ 38/rZifrmaxG;?uyp(20)?apwkw& å m^ 39/OD;xGe; f rd; k +roef;oef;pd; k ?uyp(20)apwkw& å m^ 40/OD;atmifu+ kd rcifxu kd ?f uyp(20)apwkw& å m^ 41/udE k i dk E f i dk ?f tvlre d , D ?H uyp(20)apwkw& å m^ 42/ OD;eD+a':Al;?uyp(20)apwkw& å m^ 43/uda k tmifoef;?uyp(20)apwkw& å m^ 44/ud0 k if;qef;OD;?uyp(20) apwkw& å m^ 45/udv k i Id jf rif?h uyp(20)apwkw& å m^ 46/a':jr[ef?usifa'G;&Gma[mif;^ 47/a':ode; f &if? usifa'G;atmuf&m G ^ 48/a':apmcif?usifa'G;&Gm^ 49/a':ypm?usifa'G;&Gm^ 50/OD;ausmfa|;atmif(v,fjy) usifa'G;&Gm^ 51/OD;armifuG,f?usifa'G;&Gm^ 52/OD;Ekdifatmif?usifa'G;&Gm^ 53/OD;jra&G+a':rdk;rdk;?usifa'G;&Gm^ 54/OD;atmifBuD;?usifa'G;&Gm^ 55/OD;rif;Akd+rpdk;rdk;?usifa'G;&Gm^ D t;?usifa'G;&Gm^ 58/a':cifcsKd 56/OD;armifMum+a':vSoe d ; f ?usifa'G;&Gm^ 57/OD;cifarmifMunf+a':eDea at;?usef;rma&;?usifa'G;&Gm^ 59/OD;OmPfarmif?usifa'G;&Gm^ 60/a':aomif;ar?usifa'G;&Gm^ 61/a':pef;? usifa'G;&Gm^ 62/OD;a&Toe d ; f (omûy)usifa'G;&Gm^ 63/&Jty k O f ; D wifxe G ; f ?usifa'G;&Gm^ 64/a':y&T; D ?usifa'G;&Gm^ 65/rEkEk,Of?avmif;½Snf^ 66/rvwf?avmif;&Snf^ 67/a':oef;&if?usifa'G;&Gm^ 68/a':rdk;rdk;jrifh? rlty k ?f usifa'G;&Gm^ 69/OD;xGe; f vdi I ?f vmvQifzu kH sif;?usifa'G;&Gm^ 70/OD;cifarmif?vmvsifzu kH sif;?usifa'G;&Gm^ 71/a':at;jrifh?vmvsifzHkusif;?usifa'G;&Gm^ 72/OD;vdef;iGif?vmvsifzHkusif;?usifa'G;&Gm^ 73/OD;xGef;&D? vm;&Gm?usifa'G;^ 74/OD;jrxGe; f ?atmufausmufyu kH sif;&Gm?usifa'G;^ 75/a':yr,f?vmvsifzu kH sif;?usif a'G;&Gm^ 76/OD;wdk;?vmvsifzHkusif;?usifa'G;&Gm^ 77/r&D&Dzkef;?vm;&Gm?usifa'G;^ 78/OD;cspfqdkif+ a':vS?tif;0NrKd U^ 79/rdi k a f uom0if;?*kwMf uD;½Gm^ 80/rdi k a f rcsp?f *kw k Bf uD;½Gm^ 81/OD;usm;rdom;pk?*kw k Bf uD;½Gm^ 82/OD;aersdK;xGef;?*kkwfBuD;½Gm^ 83/rtifMuif;0g?*kkwfBuD;½Gm^ 84/rdkifcs,f&Datmif?*kkwfBuD;½Gm^ 85/ OD;&Jro d m;pk?*kw k Bf uD;½Gm^ 86/a':y½Sm; *kw k Bf uD;½Gm^ 87/rdi k 0 f g0g?*kw k Bf uD;½Gm^ 88/r0g0gvSKd if?*kw k Bf uD;½Gm^ 89/rauom?*kw k Bf uD;½Gm^ 90/rrdi k e f v D m xGe; f ?yef;yJ½m G ?izJNrdKU^ 91/rrk'w d m?em*vIi d * f a l usmif;?&efue k ^ f 92/udkrdk;ausmfrdom;pk?*kkwfBuD;½Gm^ 93/ q&mra':eDvmodef;?*kkwfBuD;½Gm^ 94/udkvlrsdK;?*kkwfBuD;½Gm^ 95/roDwmOD;?csrf;jrompnf?rEÅav;^ 96/ ud[ k e d ; f olatmif?*kw k Mf uD;½Gm^ 97/OD;&J0if;rdom;pk?*kw k Mf uD;½Gm^ 98/rdkifeDvmatmif?*kkwfMuD;½Gm^ 99/rzG,f&,f?*kkwfMuD;½Gm^ 100/rdkifauoD0if;?*kkwfBuD;½Gm^ 101/a':rdr Yk o Ykd e d ; f ?ajrmuf'*H^ k 102/a':oef; oef;0if;?awmifyi kd ; f c½di k f 103/a':oef;oef;&D^ 104/ a':rdk;rdk;atmif^ 105/a':MunfvIdif^ 106/OD;atmifol^ 107/OD;armifus,f^ 108/qvdkif;atmif atmif?atmifjrifue k ; f ½Gm?yJc; l wdi k ; f ^ 109/qvdi k ; f wifp; kd ?atmifjrifue k ; f ½Gm?yJc; l wdi k ; f ^ 110/qvdi k ; f armif ½Sif?atmifjrifukef;½Gm?yJcl;wdkif;^ 111/qvdkif;Munfat;?atmifjrifukef;½Gm ^ 112/qvdkif;tkef;oef;? vS n f ; 0d k i f ; ½G m ?yJ c l ; wd k i f ; ^ 113/qvd k i f ; wif ½ S d e f ? atmif j rif u k e f ; ½G m ^ 114/qvd k i f ; atmif z d k ; 0if ; ? atmifjrifukef;½Gm^ 115/rdkiftkef;Munf?atmifjrifukef;½Gm^ 116/rdkifxm;xm;cif?atmifjrifukef;½Gm^ 117/rdkifat;at;0if;?atmifjrifukef;½Gm^ 118/OD;pef;armif+a':&Djrifh?pHjy½Gm?rauG;wdkif;^ 119/ 70

csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' ¨ " r® r *¾ Z if ; a':vS[ef?pHjy½Gm?rauG;wdkif;^ 120/ODjrifYpdk;+a':pE´m0if;?rif;ajr?rauG;wdkif;^ 121/OD;rsKd;cif+a':eDeD? ausmif;awmf&m?rauG;wdkif;^ 122/OD;ausmf0if;+a':at;cif?ausmif;awmf&m?rauG;wdkif;^ 123/a':r,fcspf?atmufuef½ Y m G ^ 124/OD;xGe; f ud?k vmvsifze k u f sif;½Gm^ 125/OD;xGe; f vdi I ?f vmvsif zkefusif;½Gm^ 126/OD;ausmfoef;?usifa'G;½Gm^ 127/OD;vS0if;?avmufarmh½Gm^ 128/armifzkef;jrifh odef;?usifa'G;½Gm^ 129/OD;wifatmif+a':cifjrifh?usifa'G;½Gm^ 130/a':jrMunf?ynma&;?usifa'G;½Gm^ 131/a':eDea D t;?usifa'G;½Gm^ 132/OD;bl;xef;?usef;rma&;?usifa'G;½Gm^ 133/OD;y@dw?usifa'G;½Gm^ 134/ OD;wdu?© ½Sa D emufusif;½Gm^ 135/a':apmcif?usifa'G;½Gm^ 136/OD;cifatmif?ynma&;?usifa'G;½Gm^ 137/ armifzkef;?usifa'G;½Gm^ 138/a':at;odef;?usifa'G;½Gm^ 139/a':vSodef;?ynma&;?usifa'G;½Gm^ 140/ OD;atmifBuD;?usifa'G;½Gm^ 141/a':cifaxG;&D?usrf;rma&;?usifa'G;½Gm^ 142/a':ode; f nGe& Yf ?D usifa'G;½Gm^ 143/OD;Mumpde?f zke; f wG; D usif;½Gm^ 144/udp k e d a f z?usifa'G;½Gm^ 145/OD;armifu?H usifa'G;½Gm 146/OD;ausmfaZm ?uefyufvufNrKd U^ 147/a':usio f ef;?NrKd Ur(1)uefyufvufjrKd U^ 148/a':cifaqGO;D jrKd Ur(2)uefyufvufjrKd U^ 149/a':ES i f ; ES i f ; axG ; ?jrd K Ur(2)uef y uf v uf j rd K U^ 150/a':ES i f ; EG , f 0 if ; ?rauG ; Nrd K U^ 151/OD ; cspf atmif?NrdKUr(1)uefyufvufNrdKU^ 152/a':cif pef;armf?NrdKUr(1)uefyufvufjrdKU^ 153/a':cif0if; &D?NrdKUr(1)uefyufvufjrdKU^ 154/a':jzLjzLat;?uefyufvufNrdKU^ 155/a':wifwifat;?uefyufvufjrdKU^ 156/a':½Si; f [ke; f ?rlve G ( f 1)uefyufvufjrdKU^ 157/ a':oEÅmatmif?rlve G ( f 1)uefyufvufNrdKU^ 158/ a':eDeD?rlvGef(1)uefyufvufNrdKU^ 159/a':vSodef;ar?rlvGef(1)uefyufvufNrdKU^ 160/OD;oef;Edkif (v,fjy)uefyufvuf^ 161/a':reDrdom;pk?jynfawmfom?[m;cg;NrdKU/ ig;&musyf(500d) tvSL&Sifrsm; 1/rrDra D tmif?ydawmufNrKdi?f apwkw& å m^ 2/rat;yGi?hf 0PÖ&yf?apwkw& å m^ 3/ud0 k if;atmifxe G ; f (uyp?20)apwkwå&m^ 4/OD;jrifhoef;?pufavSqdyf?apwkwå&m^ 5/OD;jrifhaz?vufzGJUqdkif&Gm?apwkwå&m 6/OD;atmif&if?a&aomif&Gm?apwkwå&m^ 7/a':a&Tat;?a&aomif&Gm?apwkwå&m^ 8/OD;atmifZHOD;? a&aomif&Gm?apwkwå&m^ 9/OD;wifatmif?a&aomif&Gm?apwkwå&m^ 10/a':ausmfar?a&aomif&Gm? apwkw& å m^ 11/OD;ode; f jr )?apwkw& å m^ 12/OD;[ef0if;Budi?f ydawmufNrdKif?apwkw& å m^ 13/a':vS 0dkif;?jcifjypfudkif;?apwkwå&m^ 14/r0if;pdef(uyp-20)?apwkwå&m^ 15/udkxGef;xGef;+reDeDrm(uyp) apwkwå&m^ 16/a':wif0if;?usifa'G;&Gm^ 17/a':eef;pdef?usifa'G;&Gm^ 18/a':tkef;wif?usifa'G;&Gm^ 19/OD;atmifausmf?usifa'G;&Gm^ 20/OD;&mZdE?´ usifa'G;&Gm^ 21/OD;cdi k p f ; kd ?udi k ; f &Gm?rifjym;ûrdUe,f^ 22/rjrifjh rifh ½Sdef?usifa'G;&Gm^ 23/q&mOD;ausmfwifh?usifa'G;&Gm^ 24/ armifcspfatmif?usifa'G;&Gm^ 25/a':ybk? usifa'G;&Gm^ 26/a':y½Sm?usifa'G;&Gm^ 27/OD;ausmf½Sdef?usifa'G;&Gm^ 28/a':av;av;jrifh?usifa'G;&Gm^ 29/a':tke; f &D?usifa'G;&Gm^ 30/a':jzL?usifa'G;&Gm^ 31/OD;cdi k z f e k ; f ?usifa'G;&Gm^ 32/OD;ode; f xGe; f ?usifa'G;&Gm 33/OD;jrifa h tmif?usifa'G;&Gm^ 34/OD;atmif0if;?usifa'G;&Gm^ 35/OD;rdev f if;?usifa'G;&Gm^ 36/OD;aomif;jrif?h usifa'G;&Gm^ 37/a':jrjroef;?usifa'G;&Gm^ 38/a':yEIdrf?usifa'G;&Gm^ 39/OD;wifatmif?auGUawmif usifa'G;&Gm^ 40/OD;Zedw?ig;atmfusif;q&mawmf?usifa'G;&Gm^ 41/a':ylavmuf?*kwBf uD;&Gm^ 42/a': 71

csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' ¨ " r® r *¾ Z if ; cs,f&Datmif?*kwfBuD;&Gm^ 43/a':ar:cifrdom;pk?*kwfBuD;&Gm^ 44/Adkvfav;vSarmif?*kwfBuD;&Gm^ 45/ udkvS0if;xGef;rdom;pk?*kwfBuD;&Gm^ 46/qvdkif;wifatmifxGef;?*kwfBuD;&Gm^ 47/OD;udkrdom;pk?*kwfBuD; &Gm^ 48/OD;oef;a&Trdom;pk?(&Jpcef;)*kwfBuD;&Gm^ 49/ro[Zmw?eE´rl&dyfom^ 50/udkatmifausmfrdk; rdom;pk?*kwfBuD;&Gm^ 51/udkol&aZmf?*kwfBuD;&Gm^ 52/a':vSvSoif;?*kwfBuD;&Gm^ 53/OD;atmifvGifrd om;pk?*kwfBuD;&Gm^ 54/OD;apmvSjrif?h atmifjrifue k ; f &Gm?yJc; l wdi k ^ f 55/qvdi k ; f pd; k wif?h atmifjrifue k ; f &Gm?yJc; l wdi k ; f^ 56/qvdkif;ausmfvGif?atmifjrifukef;&Gm^ 57/qvdkif;ñGefYOD;?atmifjrifukef;&Gm^58/qvdkif;cdkif?atmif jrifukef;&Gm^ 59/a':wGJatmifjrifukef;&Gm^ 60/rdkifOr®m0if;?atmifjrifukef;&Gm^ 61/rdkifoDwmatmif? atmifjrifukef;&Gm^62/rdkifat;rm?atmifjrifukef;&Gm^ 63/rdkifwifcdkif?atmifjrifukef;&Gm^ 64/rkdifaxG; av;?atmifjrifukef;&Gm^ 65/rdkifcspfZif?atmifjrifukef;&Gm^ 66/rdkifqifav;?rEåav;^ 67/rdkifarO? rdw¬Dvm^ 68/OD;ausmfOD;?rEåav;^ 69/qvdkif;OD;oef;armif?atmifjrifukef;&Gm^ 70/qvdkif;OD;vSOD; atmifjrifue k ; f &Gm^ 71/qvdi k ; f ZHaiG?atmifjrifue k ; f &Gm^ 72/qvdi k ; f OD;vSMunf?atmifjrifue k ; f &Gm^ 73/ qvdkif;OD;wifEdkif?atmifjrifukef;&Gm^ 74?/qvdkif;OD;ayghaygha|;?atmifjrifukef;&Gm^ 75/qvdkif;OD;uH aumif;?atmifNrifue k ; f &Gm^ 76/qvdi k ; f OD;pdev f a S tmif?atmifjrifue k ; f &Gm^ 77/qvdi k ; f OD;cifaZmf?atmif jrifukef;&Gm^ 78/qvdkif;OD;atmifa&T?atmifjrifukef;&Gm^ 79/qvdkif;OD;ausmfrif;?atmifjrifukef;&Gm^ 80/qvdi k ;f atmifrif;pd;k ?atmifjrifue k ;f &Gm^ 81/qvdi k ;f Munfvif?atmifjrifue k ;f &Gm^ 82/qvdi k ;f oef;xdu k f atmifjrifukef;&Gm^ 83/ qvdkif;rsdK;?atmifjrifukef;&Gm^ 84/qvdkif;rsdK;axG;Edkif?atmifjrifukef;&Gm^ 85/qvdi k ; f aZmf0if;Edi k ?f atmifjrifue k ; f &Gm^ 86/qvdi k ; f vSatmif?atmifNrifue k ; f &Gm^ 87/qvdi k ; f atmifoef; ?atmifjrifukef;&Gm^ 88/qvdkif;xGef;vG,f?atmifjrifukef;&Gm^ 89/qvdkif;xGef;aiG?atmifjrifukef;&Gm? 90/qvdkif;cspfndK?atmifjrifukef;&Gm^ 91/a':ZD;uGuf?atmifjrifukef;&Gm^ 92/qvdkif;jrwfxGef;? ausmufwHcg; 93/qvdkif;qef;OD;?atmifjrifukef;&Gm?ausmufwHcg;NrdKUe,f?yJclwdkif;^ 94/qvdkif;wifaomif;+rdkifwmpdef?pHNy&Gm?rauG;wdkif;^95/OD;oef;xGef;+a':vSav;pdef?pHNy&Gm? rauG;wdi k ; f ^ 96/OD;tke; f aiG+a':cifpe d ?f pHNy&Gm^ 97/OD;Mum;armif+a':vSav;?pHNy&Gm^ 98/OD;vSp; kd ?pHNy&Gm 99/OD;wif+a':NrMunf?pHNy&Gm^ 100/OD;wifv+ S a':tke;f pde?f pHNy&Gm^ 101/OD;ÚmPfxe G ;f +a':wifne G Uf ?pHNy&Gm^ 102/OD;apmarmif+a':nGefUNrdKif?pHNy&Gm^ 103/OD;pdk;BudKif+a':rdk;at;?pHNy&Gm^ 104/OD;cspfvdSKif+a':cif ,kar?pHNy&Gm^ 105/OD;nGea f rmif+a':vS0if;?pHNy&Gm^ 106/OD;ausmf0if+a':0nGeUf ?pHNy&Gm^ 107/OD;xGe; f ausmf?pHNy&Gm^ 108/OD;pHaomif;+a':0if;BudKif?pHNy&Gm^ 109/OD;rdk;cspf+a':oef;Nrifh?pHNy&Gm^ 110/OD;&m az+a':cifv?S pHNy&Gm^ 111/OD;ausmf0if;+a':nGeUf Munf?pHNy&Gm^ 112/OD;oef;pd; k +a':rdoZifaxG;?pHNy&Gm 113/OD;csdK+a':aqGaqGvGif?v,fudkif;?rauG;wdkif;^ 114/OD;xdef;vif;+a':oef;a|;?rauG;NrKdU^ 115/ a':,Ofatmif?ompnf?rauG;wdi k ; f ^ 116/a':pef;pef;,k?rke; f ZvJ&m G ?rauG;wdi k ; f ^wdjYk zpfMuygonf/ /

tvS L &S i f r sm;\apwemud k rS w f w rf ; jyKpk om"k E k a rmf ac:qd k t yf y gownf ; . /
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