This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
MATERIAL AND METODHOLOGY OF THE RESEARCH
7.1. Methodologic approach In the process of evaluation comprised is exceptionally large number of records on spatial and temporal ecosystem's organisation, in the widest sense of word, including all relevant information on both abiotic and biotic component of endemiv center Prenj, Čvrsnica, Čabulja. Main parameter for this evaluation is biodiversity (diversity), as understood in the sense of the most recent International community's beliefs OUN AGENDA 21, Rio de Janeiro 1992. godine (Sitarz, 1994), and new achievements of modern science, especially of conservation biology and ecology. Besides, assessed are all other elements related to determination of forms and levels of biodiversity, such as: orography, geological and pedological figure, ecoclimate and anthropogenous impacts reflected in diverse activities. In order to obtain objective and usefull categorisation of zones, and entire areas, as basic criteria and starting points considered are, as follows : 1) level of biotop's uniqueness 2) level of structure's maintenance and its dynamics for given ecosystem or biom, 3) level of endemism and relictness of living world, 4) threat's level of living world, 5) distribution and ecological consistency of distinct ecosystems, 6) ecosystem's ecological and biological homogenity, 7) assessment of the successive ecosystem's stage (climax vegetation, climax of orography), 8) ecosystem's carrying capacity, 9) possibilities to integrate the existing infrastructure into structural and functional units, 10) communication options, respectively possibilities for flow of gens between isolated ecosystem parts,
Biodiversity of endemic center Prenj, Čvrsnica, Čabulja project - BA-FDCP-CQ-SA-CS-06-TF052697-CS8-9
11) possibilities to set up ecological corridors between remote, naturally valuable biotopes, 12) possibilities to set the area for the welfare of local and regional community, 13) possibilities to include into the european ecological network, sustainable management options for forest ecosystems and establishment of steady plots for continous investigation, 14) International community's intention in the field of natural heritage management (IUCB), 15) International documenst (conventios, protocols, agreements dealing with sustainable management of natural resources and sustainable physical planning), 16) establishment of an ideal system of measures for balanced protection of biological and ecological diversity, 17) directed and massive education, 18) scientific and expert research of ecosystems, 19) participation in international projects reffering to the management of biological and ecological diversity. By the categorisation and defining of the measures for sustainable management on ecological principles, applied is IUCN’s methodology – International Union for Conservation of Nature, respecting all local specificities – biological, ecological, social, economic, cultural and educational ones (IUCN, 1999). 7.2. Research methodology in the field The field research of spatial and temporal organisation of the biodiversity, then geomorphological and hydrological features of endemi center Prenj, Čvrsnica, Čabulja was conducted in 2007 through several seasons (early spring, summer, early autumn). Apart from data collected during this research, there have been used also data obtained by previously conducted field research and expert excursion, which were undertaken by some team members. Because of that, it was feasable in such short time to meet project tasks given by Investors and to answer some complex and difficult questions. In each field
Biodiversity of endemic center Prenj, Čvrsnica, Čabulja project - BA-FDCP-CQ-SA-CS-06-TF052697-CS8-9
Čabulja project .BA-FDCP-CQ-SA-CS-06-TF052697-CS8-9 63 . Čvrsnica.were made numerous observations on the longitudinal and transversal profile. Area of Prenj mountain covered with main positions of field investigations of biological and geo-morphological diversity. Biodiversity of endemic center Prenj. of ECPČČ (Figure 5 i 6). Figure 5.
Biodiversity of endemic center Prenj. Čvrsnica.BA-FDCP-CQ-SA-CS-06-TF052697-CS8-9 64 .Figure 6. Čabulja project . Area of Čvrsnica i Čabulja mountains covered with main positions of field investigations of biological and geo-morphological diversity.
2. Biodiversity of plants 7. certain quantity of living material should be taken and preserved by fixateur addition. which was then properly preserved and determined using relevant keys. Čabulja project . Flora and vegetation of higher plants The assessment of floristic diversity among macrophytes (vascular plants) was carried out on previously chosen transects. respectively. including all main watercourses. 7.1. species and biocoenosis.1. of both karst fields. respectively.1. 7. referent literature. Note: On maps (Figures 5 and 6) are shown only main standing points where more detailed investigation has been carried out. longitudinal and more transversal profiles. in field and laboratory conditions. Čvrsnica. was carried out under both field and laboratory conditions.1.2. Commonly. respectively number of species and intra-species categories in phytobenthos and phytoplankton of standing water.2.2.1. including Buško jezero have been assessed. herbal material was gathered.Each standing point was exactly marked by GPS positioning.1.1. and on a large number of chosen points along field margins. It was only assessed species diversity for these groups of organisms. It was aimed to take samples in all zones of climax and at present dominant vegetation types. The biodiversity assessment for microphytes (alges and cyanophytes) was conducted by taking a representative sample on longitudinal and transversal profile of karst fields. on which all plants were recorded. Biodiversity inventory 7.2. Besides. which is shown on the attached map. It was established a representative surface. standing water and underground water.BA-FDCP-CQ-SA-CS-06-TF052697-CS8-9 65 . Biodiversity of endemic center Prenj.1. while determination is carried out by special microscope and keys. of both local and international floristic literature (Literatura). Alges and cyanophytes The biodiversity assessment for plants on each level. The assessment of quantitative composition and indicator values is done in accordance with refferent literature (see list of refferent literature). although each square kilometer of the investigated area was observed.
respectively. in all ecosystems of ECPČČ. respectively its population. after the same methodology. Surface of analised plots was 100 square meters (if no forest community). following scale: 1 – species occurs individually 2 – species occurs in couples – up to three individuals 3 – species occurs in small groups. Čvrsnica. When the list of plants occuring in the plot is made. 2000). After that Codex. A definition and concept of basic vegetational units – syntaxa is carried out in accordance with the Botany Nomenclature Codex (Webber et al. Čabulja project . swards 4 – species occurs in larger groups 5 – species occurs in massive groups which cover larger plot's proportion. one should evaluate the abundance of each species.BA-FDCP-CQ-SA-CS-06-TF052697-CS8-9 66 . respectively unity of species applied is.species covers less than 1% of surface 1 – species covers less than 15% of surface 2 – species covers less than 25% of surface 3 – species covers less than 50% of surface 4 – species covers less than 75% of surface 5 – species covers more than 75% of surface In order to evaluate sociability. sociabilty and vitality for each detected species. generally accepted in all kinds of vegetation biodiversity studies. vegetation is organised in the form of associations (basic units). 200 and 500 square meters. Each plot was analised in terms of abundance and coverage assessment. It was applied BraunBlanquet methodology (1964). orders (more kindred alliance) and classes (comprising more floristically and ecologically kindred orders). which is Zurich-Montpelier's School. alliances (more kindred associations). The nomenclature of vegetation units Biodiversity of endemic center Prenj.. if forest ecosystem was concerned.The nomenclature and basic systematic units concept (species) was adjusted to the principles of Botany Nomenclature Codex. The assessment of biocoenosis and vegetation diversity was carried out on exceptionally large number of points (Figure 6). Each organisation unit has got its own suffix. year 2005. after following scale : + .
chosen were longitudinal and transversal transects.. 1978) and «The Diversity of European Vegetation» (Rodwell et al. The abundance of follows : 1 –sporadically occuring.1. Investigation of birds The assessment of ornithofauna's state in the investigated area was based on following: 1.. as 67 . Butterflies were caught by lap enthomological net . stored in sample bags or enthomological boxes. Then. Biodiversity of animals Same as diversity of plants. diversity of animals is assessed in both field and laboratory conditions. 5 – very numerous population. analysis of records gathered by the author during his field research conducted from April to September 2007.2. 2007a i 2007b.1.2. whereby presumed IUCN categorisation was done after standard categories. Animals were observed by binoculars BPC 7x50. whereby bird specimens are being observed and identified by sound means. 2 – small number of individuals. 4 – numerous population. The field research was conducted by the method of straightlined transect. was conducted in August 2007.BA-FDCP-CQ-SA-CS-06-TF052697-CS8-9 individuals was assessed after scale from 1 to 5. In the field.1.diameter 60 cm.2. 3 – frequently occuring. Tolman and Levington. by specially designed herpetological net. Collected material was determined after following literature: Lelo.. Čabulja project . analysis of literature records reffering to the investigated area.2.is given after «Prodromus biljnih zajednica BiH» (Lakušić et al. specimens were caught only sporadically or if seemed interesting. It was also Biodiversity of endemic center Prenj. Investigation of butterflies. Čvrsnica. reptiles The herpetological and investigation of lepidoptera in endemic center PČČ.1. 7.2. Reptiles and amphibians were caught by hand. 2002). where it was established the list of detected animals. or to make photo-documentation. 1997.2. respectively.2. The abudance of animals and their behavior was also recorded. 7. preserved by fixateur addition and determined in the laboratory. 2. Arnold et al. As a material. 1999. amphibians. samples were taken. 7.
2.2. the state of their structure and dynamics and in the first place the state of their structure and dynamics the following scale (Redzic 1998). There are some changes in the structure and dynamics as well as changes in certain parameters in abiotic component. General ecological state of ecosystems Level of impact on ecosystems 0 General ecological state of ecosystems (geobiocoenoses) Ecosystems under very small level of human impact. particularly in soil.2. and received from slovenian and austrian ornthologist. Čvrsnica. Species order in tables is given after Vaurie (1959. Assessment of recent state of ecosystems State of ecosystems.BA-FDCP-CQ-SA-CS-06-TF052697-CS8-9 . They are well preserved in comparison to their natural state. 4. Čabulja project . and microclimate conditions. which are being concerned as threatened or rare in B&H.made census (by day and by night) of some species. 68 1 2 Biodiversity of endemic center Prenj. They are almost unchanged in comparison to their natural state. Table 4. analysis of records collected by the author during his field research on the investigated area in last two years. 1965). Assessment of state and ecosystem's carrying capacity 7. which colaborate with Mreža. 3. 7.2.). but there are indicators showing some changes.1. particularly in their structure. in order to establish an adequate monitoring of species. etc. analysis of records reffering to karst fields gathered in last three years by members of “Mreže posmatrača ptica” of the Ornithological Society “Naše ptice”. All data are shown in tables and include the systematic overview of identified species by areas and threat categories. Ecosystems under insignificant or small level of human impact. Ecosystems under relative moderate level of human impacts.
The structure and qualitative and quantitative characteristics of abiotic component of ecosystem are significantly deteriorated and changed (insolation. while in relation to the secondary ones is changed for next 33. Secondary ecosystems have significantly changed structure in relation to the primary state..BA-FDCP-CQ-SA-CS-06-TF052697-CS8-9 69 . Into this category belong all meadows. all ecosystems can be divided in three large groups (Lakušić. hydrothermic regime of soil). Čvrsnica. presence of plant and animal species – ecosystems desctructors. The structure and dynamics. 1975) : (1) Primary (P) (2) Secondary (S) (3) Tertiary (T) Primary ecosystems are stable with relatively minor change in the structure and dynamics. Tertiary ecosystems are under tremendous anthropogenous impact. There is high level of probability that these ecosystems could not be restored using all available technical measures. and elements of abiotic component are changed for more than 60 % in comparison to their natural state.3 Ecosystems under significant level of human impact. temperature. et al.33% in relation to anthropogenous impacts. 4 Ecosystems under very significant level of human impact.33% (if degradation Biodiversity of endemic center Prenj. planted forests and other ecosystems occurring on former primary ecosystem’s locations. Their structure is completely changed in relation to the primary ones. These ecosystems have tendency (succession) to become totally new ecosystem regarding its qualitative and quantitative features. The level of degradation is increased for next 33. Ecosystems under very significant level of human impact. Čabulja project . primary ecosystems. humidity. 5 Regarding intensity and spectrum of anthropogenous impacts. The structure and dynamics and elements of abiotic component are more-less in irreversible state in comparison to their natural state.33% comparing to natural. The level of these ecosystems degradation varies between 1 33.
Table 5 – Carrying capacity of ecosystems Degree of capacity 0 Ecosystem without possibilities for additional acceptance.2. extraordinary vitality of edificators. mainly in rural areas. There is a danger to be completely destroyed or to become other type of ecosystem. Taking into account the structure and dynamics of ecosystems. Čvrsnica. 1 Ecosystem without significant or with a very small carrying capacity. 2 Ecosystem with a small carrying capacity. Into this category belong arable land.BA-FDCP-CQ-SA-CS-06-TF052697-CS8-9 70 . the following scale presented in Table 4 was used for the assessment of the carrying capacity (Redžić. 3 Ecosystem without significant carrying capacity. It has wider ecological amplitude and possibilities to absorb human impacts. and a high resilience. Ecosystem with a very high carrying capacity. 1998). Čabulja project . abandoned nitrified or trampled places.level expressed from 0 -100 %). There is no danger to have any significant changes in its structure and dynamics. Assessment of the carrying capacity of ecosystems Various methodological solutions could be used for assessment of carrying capacity. A very sensitive to human impacts and rapid changes in structure and dynamics. It has stable structure of edificators. 7.2. 5 Ecosystem with maximal level of acceptance of waste materials (entropy) and with stable mechanism of energy flow and material cycling. Carrying capacity of ecosystems 4 Biodiversity of endemic center Prenj. A very sensitive to any changes in the structure and impacts of environmental factors.2. A very stable structure of edificators.
These criteria are: richness.2. Richness (Table 6 ) Species richness includes total number of species in the given area. (Table 7) This criterion relies on quantitative data. 7.2. Use of only this criterion implicates that all species have same significance. the higher diversity of species. and modified by Redzic et al. For more complete understanding of real values of the given area. and function. Although this criterion is frequently being used on the level of species.7. areas with higher number of species have higher conservation value in comparison to the areas with smaller species richness. it could also be considered on the ecosystem's level Table 6 – Plant community richness Level of diversity 1 2 3 4 5 Characteristics and forms of floristic richness of community Community with a very high number of species (> than 100 taxa) Community with high number of species (between 71 and 100 taxa) Community with moderate number of species (between 26 and 50 taxa) Community with small number of species (between 10 and 25 taxa) Community with a very small number of species (< than 10 taxa) 7. the higher the number of species. endemism.2. Species or ecosystems that have wide distribution have less importance for conservation than species or ecosystems with a very limited range of distribution.2.BA-FDCP-CQ-SA-CS-06-TF052697-CS8-9 71 . that is on number of species or ecosystem types. Rarity.1. In other words. uniqueness. Biological criteria defined by Johnson (1995). Parameters for establishment of conservation priorities One of the key parameters for determination of conservation priorities represents knowledge of biodiversity. Biodiversity of endemic center Prenj. very often is used a combination of these criteria.3. rarity.3. Čabulja project . This criterion plays a very important in development of models for identification of conservation priorities.3. (2001) are often used for these purposes. Čvrsnica.
Table 7 – Level of rarity of communities Level of rarity 1 2 3 4 5 Characteristics and forms of community rarity A very rare community. Čabulja project .3. Table 8 – Level of uniqueness of community Level of uniqueness 1 2 3 4 5 Characteristics and forms of uniqueness of community Community the region Community region Community region Community the region Community the region contributes to a very high uniqueness of contributes to high uniqueness of the contributes to moderate uniqueness of the contributes to relatively low uniqueness of contributes to insignificant uniqueness of Biodiversity of endemic center Prenj. Uniqueness (Table 8) Opposite of rarity. For example. conservation of plant communities containing a large number of endemic species makes higher contribution to biodiversity conservation than conservation of community with a large number of widely distributed species and just a few endemic ones.2. but it is unique since it has only a few or even no one relative.3. this criterion is used for assessment of the level of separation of species. populations.BA-FDCP-CQ-SA-CS-06-TF052697-CS8-9 72 . Čvrsnica. distributed at small number of habitats in region (mesotopic) Community with wider distribution in climate region Community distributed in wide region (euritopic) 7. certain species could be abundant. with a very narrow range of distribution (stenotopic) A rare community. For instance. or ecosystem from its closest comparable analogue. distributed only in rare habitats Moderate rare community. Next dichotomy shows how this criterion affects the priority’s assessment.
Čvrsnica. Use of this criterion in biological and ecological evaluation of given area is unavoidable way to present specific features of the area with its environmental characteristics. including diverse ecosystem types.5.3.7. Table 9 – Representativity of communities Level of represent ativity 1 2 3 4 5 Characteristics and forms of representativity of communities Community higly representative for conservation design Community sufficient representative for conservation design Community moderate representative for conservation design Community poorly representative for conservation design Community unsufficient representative for conservation design 7. Table 10 – Endemism of plant communities Level of endemism 1 2 3 4 5 Characteristics and forms of endemism Community with exceptional number of endemic taxa Community with a relatively high number of endemic taxa Community with a relatively high number of endemic taxa Community with a small number of endemic taxa Community without presence of endemic taxa Biodiversity of endemic center Prenj. Endemism of living communities is based on endemism of its taxa. It is frequently applied in a protected areas system’s design. Representativity (Table 9) This criterion asures that all species and ecosystems get comprised by the conservation in the investigated area.2.2. Čabulja project .4. The advantages of use of this parameter are its widespread use in broader public.BA-FDCP-CQ-SA-CS-06-TF052697-CS8-9 73 . In establishment of conservation priorities of endemism. Endemism (Table 10) This criterion includes elements of biodiversity characterized by specific narrow area of distribution. which characterize the area.3. one of the basic criterions is assessment of endemism.
Concept of key species is almost a synonym for function in this context. its processes or composition. Assessment of level of threat of certain living communities and their habitats was carried out using the scale presented in the following table (Redžić.2.7. ecosystem plays in determination of capabilities of other species. 1998). Čvrsnica. Endangered community – with deteriorated structure and dynamics significantly Biodiversity of endemic center Prenj. communities or ecosystems to survive. In biological communities.Characteristics and forms of threat Level of threat 1 2 Characteristics and forms of the threat Endangered community with threat to disappear from the given area.3.7.6. key species is the species (or sometimes group of closely related species) that gives a very significant contribution to the structure of community. Čabulja project .3. This criterion stresses the role that given species or community. This concept is applied also for habitats and physical resources that are defined as “key resources”. Level of threat (Table 12 ). Table 12 . Table 11 – Function of communities as key resources in survival of ecosystems in investigated area Level of functionality 1 2 3 4 5 Characteristics and forms of functionality Community has a very important role in survival of the system of ecosystems (landscape) Community has an important role in survival of the system of ecosystems (landscape) Community has a moderate role in survival of the system of ecosystems (landscape) Community has a relatively small role in survival of the system of ecosystems (landscape) Community does not have a visible role in survival of the system of ecosystems (landscape) 7. Function (Table 11).BA-FDCP-CQ-SA-CS-06-TF052697-CS8-9 74 .2.
The assessment of threat’s level of vascular plants based on preliminary assessment that has been done for the Red book proposal B&H (Šilić. Surveys should be over a time frame appropriate to the taxon's life cycle and life form.3. EXTINCT IN THE WILD (EW) A taxon is Extinct in the Wild when it is known only to survive in cultivation. A taxon is presumed Extinct when exhaustive surveys in known and/or expected habitat. there are following threat’s categories: EXTINCT (EX) A taxon is Extinct when there is no reasonable doubt that the last individual has died. fauna and vegetation The assessment of threat’s level of flora and fauna was conducted accordance with criteria and methodology advised by IUCN (1994-2000).BA-FDCP-CQ-SA-CS-06-TF052697-CS8-9 75 .4. in Biodiversity of endemic center Prenj. in captivity or as a naturalized population (or populations) well outside the past range. 7. annual). at appropriate times (diurnal. are given as a distinct layer on the same maps. This is given in printed and electronic version. Čabulja project .3 Community disturbed due to the impact of human activities and possibilities for future reduction of its structure. Methodology for the assessment of threat’s level of flora. Relative stable community structure and dynamics with homogenous 4 5 7. at appropriate times (diurnal. Čvrsnica. Surveys should be over a time frame appropriate to the taxon's life cycle and life form. seasonal. throughout its historic range have failed to record an individual. throughout its historic range have failed to record an individual. A taxon is presumed Extinct in the Wild when exhaustive surveys in known and/or expected habitat. annual).2. Distribution of rare and threatened species both plant and animal. Sensitive community – a very sensitive to any kind of impacts. as well as of geomorphological units. Biodiversity overview on maps The largest share of vegetational units was interpreted on maps in scale 1: 25000. seasonal. was conducted by above stated methodology and respecting the advised criteria. According to the most recent IUCN criteria. 199294).
and it is therefore considered to be facing a high risk of extinction in the wild. and a considerable period of time has elapsed since the last record of the taxon. Data Deficient is therefore not a category of threat. Endangered. threatened status may well be justified. and it is therefore considered to be facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild. VULNERABLE (VU) A taxon is Vulnerable when the best available evidence indicates that it meets any of the criteria A to E for Vulnerable (see Section V). In many cases great care should be exercised in choosing between DD and a threatened status. NEAR THREATENED (NT) A taxon is Near Threatened when it has been evaluated against the criteria but does not qualify for Critically Endangered. assessment of its risk of extinction based on its distribution and/or population status. and its biology well known. but is close to qualifying for or is likely to qualify for a threatened category in the near future. A taxon in this category may be well studied. or indirect. NOT EVALUATED (NE) A taxon is Not Evaluated when it is has not yet been evaluated against the criteria. Čvrsnica. Čabulja project . If the range of a taxon is suspected to be relatively circumscribed. LEAST CONCERN (LC) A taxon is Least Concern when it has been evaluated against the criteria and does not qualify for Critically Endangered. DATA DEFICIENT (DD) A taxon is Data Deficient when there is inadequate information to make a direct.CRITICALLY ENDANGERED (CR) A taxon is Critically Endangered when the best available evidence indicates that it meets any of the criteria A to E for Critically Endangered (see Section V). Listing of taxa in this category indicates that more information is required and acknowledges the possibility that future research will show that threatened classification is appropriate.BA-FDCP-CQ-SA-CS-06-TF052697-CS8-9 76 . Endangered or Vulnerable now. but appropriate data on abundance and/or distribution are lacking. ENDANGERED (EN) A taxon is Endangered when the best available evidence indicates that it meets any of the criteria A to E for Endangered (see Section V). Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category. Biodiversity of endemic center Prenj. It is important to make positive use of whatever data are available. Vulnerable or Near Threatened. and it is therefore considered to be facing a very high risk of extinction in the wild.
probably extinct. Čvrsnica. Matvejev. Ex ? (extinct ?) . after IUCN The assessment of habitat’s threat level is carried out on the base of evaluation of conservation status. Similar standards were applied for animals.Obratil.BA-FDCP-CQ-SA-CS-06-TF052697-CS8-9 77 . Threat categories and status of bird's protection is given after Obratil & Matvejev (1989) and Bird Life International (2004). such as the abundance of species of interest in a concrete habitat. includes categories as follows: Ex (extinct) .threatened) (R). 1989). Biodiversity of endemic center Prenj. E (endangered) – severly endangered. a system based on the assessment of population's state for nesting birds in Bosnia and Herzegovina. But. there are substantial limits regarding parameters being used for the assessment. abstracted were following threat categories: threatened communities (E).Figure 7. This overview comprises following conventions and criteria: BHCL (proposal of "Red list" for threatened birds in SR Bosnia and Herzegovina . vulnerable communites (V). In this complex process. Čabulja project .extinct. Relationships between threat categories. rare communities (pre.
which are dependent on maintenance measures.rare. a system of criteria aimed at the identification of species requiring well co-ordinated protection measures on the European scale. Čabulja project . Čvrsnica.endangered. but with adequate protection status in Europe.possibly threatened. H (depleted) – species not comprised with IUCN criterion (for not being detected in recent investigation).declining population. but previously designated to be D.Species whose focus of world populations is placed in Europe. with inadequate protection status in Europe. EN or V.Species whose focus of world populations isn't placed in Europe. R (rare) . -E .insufficiently known. encompasses following categories: Cr (critically endangred) – critically endangred. I (indeterminante) . EN (endangered) . K (insufficiently known) . . but with adequate protection status in Europe. or data for them are deficient. 2 – Species whose focus of world populations is placed in Europe.V (vulnerable) – threatened or vulnerable. R (rare) . threat status of species considered to have unfavourable protection status in Europe. with adequate protection status in Europe. includes four categories : 1 – European species of global importance for being globally threatened.BA-FDCP-CQ-SA-CS-06-TF052697-CS8-9 78 .indeterminante status. D (declining) .Species whose focus of world populations isn't placed in Europe.. L (localised) – species with local distribution. NE – assessment missing W – concerns wintering populations ETS (European Threat Status).vulnerable. 3 . Biodiversity of endemic center Prenj. VU (vulnerable) . O (out of danger) .recovered. SPECs (Species of European Conservation Concern).
III/1 . II – species whose protection status is unsatisfactory. too. including following categories : I – threatened migratory birds.includes species whose hunt is legal in EU countries. where their hunting is indicated. comprising following annexes: I – includes species being under special protection. therefore require protection) of the Convention comprise birds. Biodiversity of endemic center Prenj. Convention on protection of the european living world and natural habitats.S (secure) – secured species. Convention on maintainance of migratory wild animals. includes directives and resolutions that protect european populations of wild birds and their habitats.includes species that can be caught only in EU countries.BA-FDCP-CQ-SA-CS-06-TF052697-CS8-9 79 . Bern (Bern Convention). fauna and habitats. Čabulja project . harvested or exploited in any other way. II/1 – includes species that can be caught in marine and terrestrial area. includes three (I. Čvrsnica. as well as transportation for sale purposes. storage for sale purposes. as well as habitats which important for their survival and reproduction within a distribution range. offering for sale purposes of alive or dead birds or any part of their bodies and products.includes species whose sales in EU countries is forbiden. III) additions which regulate issues of protection of wild flora. II. Bonn (Bonn Convention). where the Directive is being respected. II/2 . WBD (EU Wild Bird Directive). III/2 . as well as the other legal activities. Addition II (animal species that should be strictly protected) and III (species that are being hunted.
Biodiversity of endemic center Prenj. Spatial analysis of species and habitat's distribution enabled us determine zones that posses high biodiversity level in the investigated area. Analysis of data. GIS – methodology For spatial analysis and cartographic interpretation of records obtained in the field.4. Čabulja project .BA-FDCP-CQ-SA-CS-06-TF052697-CS8-9 80 . were included well documented and described records. then the assessment of biodiversity's state and evaluation of conservation importance of the investigated area. During the field work into the GIS database. In the project's framework conducted is spatial analysis of collected and digitized data. which are compiled into GIS database. Analysis and digitalisation of records 7.2. GIS database contains series of spatial data on abiotic and biotic component of the investigated area.7.a. it was used ArcView programme package version 3. which encompasses information on distribution of abiotic and biotic components in the investigated area. Analysis was carried out thanks to the vast material collected during either present or former field research (including co-ordinates and records from the field maps). Information on quantity. which is linked with GIS layers. will asure the development of suitable models for the management in the investigated area. Maps in scale 1:25. Čvrsnica.1.000 were a cartographic background.4. distribution and status of plant communities are integrated into the database.
GIS records sets GIS data set Position description Position of the investigated area given on the map in scale 1:25. GIS database enabled the identification of areas with high ecological and biological values in the Biodiversity of endemic center Prenj.BA-FDCP-CQ-SA-CS-06-TF052697-CS8-9 81 .000 Geological foundation layers taken from the geological map in scale 1:100. Čvrsnica.Table 13 .000 Location for each investigated vegetation class given on the base of literature records Analysis of zones with high biodiversity’s level carried out on the base of records contained in the database type of feature topographic maps scale 10 metara Geology polygon 1:100 000 Vegetation polygon 1:25 000 Biodiversity polygon 1:25 000 Spatial analysis of records included in investigated area. Čabulja project .