Ivory Tower Kritik Vande Kamp

1 Samford Debate Institute 2009

Ivory Tower Kritik
Ivory Tower Shell ......................................................................................................................................... 2 Ivory Tower Shell ......................................................................................................................................... 3 Ivory Tower Shell ......................................................................................................................................... 4 Ivory Tower Kritik Overview ....................................................................................................................... 5 Links: Health Care ....................................................................................................................................... 6 Links: Human Rights ................................................................................................................................... 7 Links: Indigenous People (Natives) .............................................................................................................. 8 Links: Academic Simulations ...................................................................................................................... 9 Links: Poverty ............................................................................................................................................ 10 Links: International Relations .................................................................................................................... 11 Links: Social Science Research ................................................................................................................. 12 Links: Claiming War Scenarios From Poverty .......................................................................................... 13 Links: Academic Discourse ....................................................................................................................... 14 Alternative Solvency: Must Link To Specific Activities ........................................................................... 15 Alternative Solvency................................................................................................................................... 16 Answers To: Permute: Do Both ................................................................................................................. 17 Answers To: Permute: Do Both ................................................................................................................. 18 Answers to: Baudrillard Indicts .................................................................................................................. 19 **Ivory Tower Kritik: Aff Answers** ...................................................................................................... 20 Ivory Tower Kritik: Aff Answers .............................................................................................................. 21 Ivory Tower Kritik: Aff Answers .............................................................................................................. 22 Ivory Tower Kritik: Aff Answers .............................................................................................................. 23 Ivory Tower AFF Answers ......................................................................................................................... 24 Ivory Tower AFF Answers: Paradox Perm................................................................................................ 25

Ivory Tower Kritik Vande Kamp

2 Samford Debate Institute 2009

Ivory Tower Shell
A) The Affirmative is located in the ivory tower: their abstract discussions of the world that could be deflects attention from actually making real-world changes:
Nayar 1999 [Jayan, Ph.D from the University of Cambridge, Fall, School of Law, University of Warwick
Transnational Law & Contemporary Problems “Orders of Inhumanity”]

Located within a site of privilege, and charged to reflect upon the grand questions of worldorder and the human condition as the third Christian Millennium dawns, we are tempted to turn the mind to the task of abstract imaginings of "what could be" of our "world," and "how should we organize" our "humanity." Perhaps
such contemplations are a necessary antidote to cynicism and skepticism regarding any possibility of human betterment, a necessary revitalization of critical and creative energies to check the complacencies of the state of things as they are. n1 However, imagining [*601] possibilities of abstractions--"world-order," "international society," "the global village," "the family of humankind," etc.--does carry with it a risk. The

"total" view that is the take-off point for discourses on preferred "world-order" futures risks deflection as the abstracted projections it provokes might entail little consequence for the faces and the names of the humanity on whose behalf we might speak. So, what do we do?

is substantially over. from its own principle. just like metaphor is a "game" played with truth. is ex-centric from the real. more or less at the same period. the singularity of being a singular event. similar in a sense to the singularity of the world through which it is made into an event. one which is based on meaning and deciphering. and is still created (or the alternate version: this is how reality was created. we no longer can think of it as real. is an incompatibility between thought and the real. the real has become an extreme phenomenon. religious. In any case. this thought is not even a denial of the It is an illusion. under the pressure of a precession of models to the benefit of an autonomy of the virtual. in the shadow of the Enlightenment and of modernity. non-dialectical thought. from a utopian transference4 (which always supposes an ideal transformation of the real)." as if it was seen from another world . or ideological . A certain type of thought is an accomplice of the real. The objectivity of this world was discovered. Not an So. the material and immanent illusion of this so-called "real" world . But what was discovered can never be created again. there "alternation. It is even alien to critical thought which always refers to an ideal of the real.it is a non-critical. the ideal and almost necessary relationship between concept and reality would in any case have been destroyed today.Ivory Tower Kritik Vande Kamp 3 Samford Debate Institute 2009 Ivory Tower Shell B) Link: the discussion of the plan in the ivory tower creates an illusion of reality that diverts attention from practical solutions to problems: Baudrillard 1995 [Jean. The other thought. Thinkers. That's how reality was discovered. give it another try! . Ours. We must stay away from that.in a delirious perspective. it is alien to a dialectic which always plays on adversarial poles. Why wouldn't there be as many real worlds as there are imaginary ones? Why would there be only one real world? Why such a mode of exception? In reality. Things probably did not always happen this way.motu propio . there is no necessary or natural transition.net/articles. the notion of a real world existing among all other possible worlds is unimaginable.superstitious.aspx?id=67] All this defines the insoluble relationship between thought and the real. This is also a polarity.as an illusion then. pushed toward its extraneity. This is no doubt a comforting perspective. Nor does it stem from an ideal transcendence. Only fracture. and of a simultaneous autonomy of the real that today functions for and by itself . Expelled.ctheory. It starts with the hypothesis that there is a real reference to an idea and that there is a possible "ideation" of reality. in the heroic ages of critical thought. But we can think of it as "ex-orbitated. It is an "ex-centering"2 of the real world and. which is still being discovered). So. distance and alienation safeguard the singularity of this thought. consequently. was discovered. one day. It is the "putting into play"5 of this world. And even if that thought had survived its catastrophic secularization in all the political systems of the 20th century. different from ours. except perhaps as a dangerous superstition. on the contrary. that is to say a "game"3 played with desire (which this thought puts "into play"). April 19. from now on liberated from the real. To some extent. It is unthinkable. from its own frame. so to speak. Let's ponder over what could be a stupefying experience: the discovery of another real world. One may dream of a happy conjunction of idea and reality. similar to that used by ready-made dialectical and philosophical solutions."6 not an alternative either: only an "alterity"7 keeps them under pressure8. just like America was discovered. which operated against a form of illusion . this thought appears to be coming from somewhere else. a technical and mental one. just as critical thought once stayed away (in the name of the real!) from religious superstition. This radical thought comes neither from a philosophical doubt nor concept of reality. But that thought. That thought disappeared under the pressure of a gigantic simulation. http://www. infinitely self-referential. Between thought and the real. "Radical Thought".

hailing herself from New York. is lacking the most. and which we do so much deplore. Yet another unequal exchange. They harbour no illusion about the outcome and do not indulge in self-pity. One cannot remain idle. All these "corridors". Thus. Susan Sontag herself confesses in her diaries that the Bosnians do not really believe in the suffering which surrounds them. "No Reprieve For Sarejevo" September 28) The problem lies indeed in the nature of our reality. We have got only one. This is why we feel the need to salvage the reality of war in our own eyes and to impose this reality (to be pitiable) upon those who suffer from it. sociologist and philosopher. Being where they are. because it renders the attitude of the world towards them even less unfathomable. And to those who have found in a radical delusion of reality (and this includes the belief in political rationality.which is fortunate. they are in the absolute need to do what they do. But Susan Sontag herself is not the issue. This is why they are alive. They end up finding the whole situation unreal. since she has chosen them to incarnate it. to exist within reality. including "solidarity". the general situation whereby . one needs to head to where blood flows. And this reality has nothing to do with the so-called objective reality of their plight. by making something cultural and something theatrical out of it. The people of Sarajevo are not bothered by such questions. to these people Susan Sontag comes to convince them of the "reality" of their suffering. and unexplainable. It is hell. by the way: they say it so.it is the stark reality of action and destiny. and it must be preserved. because otherwise. But then Susan Sontag. while we are dead. Or maybe it is simply because reality is what she. Even if it is by the use of the most heinous of all paroles: "One must do something. to do the right thing. but do not really believe in it. To reconstitute reality. both of them sustaining each other. they live in a kind of ghost-like war . French Cultural Theorist. that is to survive a senseless situation. despite the fact they are in the midst of war and utter distress. These are not my words. and with her all the Western world. which should not exist. opened by us to funnel our foodstuffs and our "culture" are in fact our lifelines along which we suck their moral strength and the energy of their distress. At the most it is an excuse for one's own powerlessness and a token of self-pity. She is merely a societal instance of what has become toothless intellectuals swap their distress with the misery of the poor. to do something for the sole reason that one cannot do nothing never has been a valid principle for action. which supposedly rules us. but hell of what may be termed a hyperreal kind. they would never have been able to stand up to it. This reality exits as such . made even more hyperreal by the harassment of the media and the humanitarian agencies. senseless. This is what it means to be really existing. and which very much constitutes the principle of European reality) a kind of alternative courage.Ivory Tower Kritik Vande Kamp 4 Samford Debate Institute 2009 Ivory Tower Shell C) The Alternative is to take pragmatic actions in the real world: only this solves the harms the affirmative identifies while ignoring their intellectual blinders: Baudrillard 1994 (Jean." Yet. nor for liberty. both of them locked in a perverse agreement. so that it can be useful as a referent within the theatre of western values. must know better than them what reality is.

Only shattering the illusion with the alternative has any chance of actually solving the harms they outline—that’s our second Baudrillard card. A couple of arguments at the top: A) FIAT is an illusion: They have no evidence that their plan actually happens. Our two pieces of Baudrillard evidence says this deflects attention from real world solutions. B) They are the ―toothless intellectuals‖ that Baudrillard attacks: they discuss problems in the ivory tower but don’t take real world activity to solve them—meaning the harms they outline are perpetuated on a grand scale. Now. the line-by-line… . and means only we have a risk of offense. If their advocacy risks trapping us in a world of moral blinders. nor that the type of policy analysis they engage in makes it more likely we will engage in such actions—this is a 100% solvency take-out for the Affirmative. causing us to remain trapped in the ivory tower. Our alternative engages in pragmatic solutions in the real world without remaining trapped by the blinders of the Affirmative advocacy.Ivory Tower Kritik Vande Kamp 5 Samford Debate Institute 2009 Ivory Tower Kritik Overview The Affirmative remains trapped in an illusion—extend our Nayar evidence: they identify problems in a round of debate instead of engaging them in the real world. you can vote Negative.

It is possible. rather than endure.. The title cut includes the following lines: "International organizations [*659] are not on our side. Medicine & Ethics Winter ln) A few years ago. “LEGAL AND HUMAN RIGHTS INTERVENTION FOR HEALTH: Rethinking Health and Human Rights: Time for a Paradigm Shift” Journal of Law. we stand revealed as the hypocrites that our critics in many parts of the world have not hesitated to call us.. demonstrations. A hit record album in Haiti was called International Organizations. these abuses is a reminder that we too are implicated in and benefit from the increasingly global structures that determine. But social scientists with more acute hearing have documented a rich trove of graffiti. including AIDS researchers. often enough.Ivory Tower Kritik Vande Kamp 6 Samford Debate Institute 2009 Health Care Links The affirmative acts as an Ivory Tower intellectual. is not to neutralize them. to drown out the voices of those demanding that we stop studying them. reducing us to a seminar-room warrior instead of engaging in actual solutions to health care. Bourdieu and colleagues qualified their claims for the role of scholarship in addressing this misery: "To subject to scrutiny the mechanisms which render life painful. the French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu and his colleagues pulled together a compendium of testimonies from those the French term "the excluded" in order to bring into relief la misere du monde. in academic commentary on human rights. and rarely exhibited. International health stays on the sidelines of our struggle. the nature and distribution of assaults on dignity. songs. Farmer and Gastineau 2002 (Paul and Nicole. At worst." . to bring to light contradictions is not to resolve them. and broadsides on the subject. to an important extent. reduce us to seminar-room warriors. Ivory-tower engagement with health and human rights can. And the fact that we can study. We know with certainty that rights are being abused at this very moment. They're there to help the thieves rob and devour. Anthropologists have long been familiar with these critiques. even untenable. It is difficult merely to study human rights abuses. specialists in international health. have recently had a crash course. even when they go to great lengths to make sure we get the message. usually." n23 It is precisely such humility that is needed. tracts.

including AIDS researchers. It is difficult merely to study human rights abuses. A hit record album in Haiti was called International Organizations." . to an important extent. the French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu and his colleagues pulled together a compendium of testimonies from those the French term "the excluded" in order to bring into relief la misere du monde. “LEGAL AND HUMAN RIGHTS INTERVENTION FOR HEALTH: Rethinking Health and Human Rights: Time for a Paradigm Shift” Journal of Law. It is possible.. Medicine & Ethics Winter ln) A few years ago. we stand revealed as the hypocrites that our critics in many parts of the world have not hesitated to call us. Anthropologists have long been familiar with these critiques. the nature and distribution of assaults on dignity. and rarely exhibited. even when they go to great lengths to make sure we get the message. often enough. They're there to help the thieves rob and devour. songs. tracts. But social scientists with more acute hearing have documented a rich trove of graffiti. to drown out the voices of those demanding that we stop studying them. in academic commentary on human rights. usually.Ivory Tower Kritik Vande Kamp 7 Samford Debate Institute 2009 Human Rights Links The affirmative acts as an Ivory Tower intellectual. reducing us to a seminar-room warrior instead of engaging in actual solutions to poverty. Ivory-tower engagement with health and human rights can. The title cut includes the following lines: "International organizations [*659] are not on our side. is not to neutralize them. And the fact that we can study. We know with certainty that rights are being abused at this very moment. International health stays on the sidelines of our struggle. Farmer and Gastineau 2002 (Paul and Nicole. and broadsides on the subject. specialists in international health. these abuses is a reminder that we too are implicated in and benefit from the increasingly global structures that determine. rather than endure. to bring to light contradictions is not to resolve them." n23 It is precisely such humility that is needed. even untenable.. Bourdieu and colleagues qualified their claims for the role of scholarship in addressing this misery: "To subject to scrutiny the mechanisms which render life painful. have recently had a crash course. At worst. reduce us to seminar-room warriors. demonstrations.

Reclaiming Indigenous Voice and Vision pg. professor at the College of Education and Coordinator of the Indian and Northern Education Program within Educational Foundations at the University of Saskatchewan .Ivory Tower Kritik Vande Kamp 8 Samford Debate Institute 2009 Links: Indigenous People (Natives) Indigenous people don’t want academic institutions to help them Battiste 2000 (Marie. 213) .

with students practicing critical thinking and advocacy skills in strictly hypothetical thought-spaces. 8-9). one could easily conclude that the principle purposes of our schools is to deprive successor generations of their civic voice. Vol. debaters overcome with the competitive zeal of contest round competition show a tendency to concentrate on the meanings that such evidence might hold for the strength of their academic debate arguments. 35 Issue 2. when the metaphor is extended to its limit. Although they may research and track public argument as it unfolds outside the confines of the laboratory for research purposes. to turn them into mute and uncomprehending spectators in the drama of political life" (1991.. Associate Professor. p.Ivory Tower Kritik Vande Kamp 9 Samford Debate Institute 2009 Links: Academic Simulations Academic simulations in debate distract from political action to solve problems Mitchell 1998 [Gordon R. For example. Murchland categorizes cultivation of this "spectator" mentality as one of the most politically debilitating failures of contemporary education: "Educational institutions have failed even more grievously to provide the kind of civic forums we need. To the extent that the academic space begins to take on characteristics of a laboratory. argumentation in the academic setting unfolds on a purely simulated plane. 1998). the barriers demarcating such a space from other spheres of deliberation beyond the school grow taller and less permeable. Coverstone 1995. . The sense of detachment associated with the spectator posture is highlighted during episodes of alienation in which debaters cheer news of human suffering or misfortune. “PEDAGOGICAL POSSIBILITIES FOR ARGUMENTATIVE AGENCY IN ACADEMIC DEBATE” Argumentation & Advocacy. Instead of focusing on the visceral negative responses to news accounts of human death and misery. p. p41-60] While an isolated academic space that affords students an opportunity to learn in a protected environment has significant pedagogical value (see e. In fact. When such barriers reach insurmountable dimensions. with little or no apparent recourse to directly participate or alter the course of events (see Mitchell 1995.g. news reports of mass starvation might tidy up the "uniqueness of a disadvantage" or bolster the "inherency of an affirmative case" (in the technical parlance of debate-speak). University of Pittsburgh. in this approach. students witness argumentation beyond the walls of the academy as spectators. the notion of the academic debate tournament as a sterile laboratory carries with it some disturbing implications. 8).

ln) It is time to move beyond the ''liberal'' versus ''conservative'' framing of the debate on poverty. Many parents who work still can't support their families. after Katrina” The New York Times October 15 edition. food. and a much larger number do not have the resources to adequately meet their basic needs for housing. . too many American families live in dire poverty. In the real world. health care. “All the pretty words. child care and transportation. the one beyond intellectual debates. executive director of the National Center for Children in Poverty at Columbia University.Ivory Tower Kritik Vande Kamp 10 Samford Debate Institute 2009 Links: Poverty Debates on Poverty are meaningless and don’t affect their needs Knitzer 2005 (Jane. written on October 11.

Not many top-ranked scholars of international relations are going into government. but few highranking political scientists have been named. In fact. that path has tended to be a one-way street. while only a handful did so after 1967. “Scholars on the sidelines” The Washington Post. showed that of the 25 scholars rated as producing the most interesting scholarship during the past five years.Ivory Tower Kritik Vande Kamp 11 Samford Debate Institute 2009 Links: International Relations The real world doesn’t care about international relations theories Nye 2009 (Joseph. The fault for this growing gap lies not with the government but with the academics." While important American scholars such as Henry Kissinger and Zbigniew Brzezinski took high-level foreign policy positions in the past. Research and International Policy (TRIP) poll. Regional Edition. A survey of articles published over the lifetime of the American Political Science Review found that about one in five dealt with policy prescription or criticism in the first half of the century. the editors of a recent poll of more than 2.S. only three had ever held policy positions (two in the U. government and one in the United Nations). The 2008 Teaching.700 international relations experts declared that "the walls surrounding the ivory tower have never seemed so high. and even fewer return to contribute to academic theory. and in many departments a focus on policy can hurt one's career. Scholars are paying less attention to questions about how their work relates to the policy world. by the Institute for Theory and Practice in International Relations. new methodologies or theories expressed in jargon that is unintelligible to policymakers." . Advancement comes faster for those who develop mathematical models. Editor Lee Sigelman observed in the journal's centennial issue that "if 'speaking truth to power' and contributing directly to public dialogue about the merits and demerits of various courses of action were still numbered among the functions of the profession. April 13 ln) Obama has appointed some distinguished academic economists and lawyers to his administration. professor at Harvard University and expert in International Relations and Soft Power. one would not have known it from leafing through its leading journal.

3) According to much conventional wisdom. Assistant Professor of International Affairs and Government at Georgetown University and Professor of Political Science at the University of California.Ivory Tower Kritik Vande Kamp 12 Samford Debate Institute 2009 Links: Social Science Research Social science research doesn’t bolster international relations theory: Lepgold and Nincic 2001 (Joseph and Miroslac. . Not only is it often assumed that good theory must sacrifice policy relevance. this situation is unsurprising. but also those seeking guidance in diagnosing policy situations and making policy choices. Beyond the Ivory Tower: International Relations Theory and the Issue of Policy Relevance pg. it is often thought. must look for help in places other than contemporary social science research. International relations scholars and practitioners have different professional priorities and reflect different cultures.

and the lack of hope that characterized America's experience during the Great Depression. legal. The freedom from want encapsulated FDR's practical programs to combat unemployment. Assistant Dean for Graduate Programs and International Affairs and Adjunct Professor of Law at Pace Law School. homelessness. While scholars were heavily involved in formulating the security policies during the war. and military contests. The freedoms of expression and religion were forged through centuries of [*569] political. Likewise. “THE APPLICATION OF INTERNATIONAL LAW TO THE TREATMENT OF DETAINEES IN THE PRESIDENT'S "WAR ON TERROR": THE FOUR FREEDOMS: GOOD NEIGHBORS MAKE GOOD LAW AND GOOD POLICY IN A TIME OF INSECURITY” Fordham Law Review November ln) Through this and parallel efforts throughout the war. . the freedom from fear articulated a realist's prescription for overcoming the deadly instability posed by a chaotic international order.Ivory Tower Kritik Vande Kamp 13 Samford Debate Institute 2009 Links: Claiming War Scenarios From Poverty Securitizing poverty policy empirically prevents solvency: Shulman 2008 (Mark. the process of establishing the United Nations organization based on the promotion of the Four Freedoms was anything but the product of ivory-tower philosophizing. hunger. scholars and statesmen acknowledged the Four Freedoms as offering the most sound basis for security in the postwar world.

'' column. and having done a semester abroad in Ghana during my time in university. Kristof (''On the Road. We are being educated to be the leaders of a world we do not adequately know or understand. I couldn't agree more. NYU graduate and social services advocate. March 21) describes his aspirations for an American education system that encourages university students to venture into the developing world and to experience firsthand the vast. Peru. You and Me. Our academic discourse is so often abstracted to a level of theory that the real world remains unknown. multicultural world in which we live. “Women venturing afar” The New York Times March 25 ln) Nicholas D.Ivory Tower Kritik Vande Kamp 14 Samford Debate Institute 2009 Links: Academic Discourse Academic discourse blinds us from understanding the world we live in Chenitz 2006 (Zoey. . Having graduated a semester early from New York University to work at a women's shelter in Calca.

despite the promise of Brown v." These colleges would connect teaching. Inner-city children attend schools that are separate and unequal. the accelerated suburbanization of jobs and investment.S.: In the United States in 1979. For example. By 1996. Fortunately. housing was specially affected. The alteration in job availability has burdened already economically-depressed urban areas. Central cities saw a decrease in population of 5 percent or more in the years from 1980 to 1996 as compared to a nationwide increase of 17 percent. High rates of crime and health hazards continue to plague our nation's poorest neighborhoods. in his seminal work "Beyond the Ivory Tower. These institutions are recreating themselves as "engaged." Derek Bok states that universities have an obligation to use their academic resources to respond to public needs. Assistant professor at the Paul M. . It involves a purposive extension or linkage of the university's special competence and resources to organizations and individuals outside the university. the jobs that urban populations must seek are often not located near their homes. the income of someone at the 95th percentile of the income distribution was three times the median income and 13 times that of someone at the 5th percentile. With the emphasis on technology-based jobs and the trend for investment capital to be introduced in suburban areas. The unemployment rates in central cities were 50 percent or more above the national rate. While the rest of the country saw an upswing in the economy. there is a growing body of evidence that American higher education is undergoing a third revolution to squarely address the pressing problems of the urban core. “REVIVING THE LAND-GRANT IDEA THROUGH COMMUNITY-UNIVERSITY PARTNERSHIPS” Southern Union Law Review Fall ln) Our nation's cities are in crisis. Ernest Boyer called for the creation of the "New American College. and community resources. Adding to the problems of urban areas is the trend of "worldwide deindustrialization which has seen the hemorrhaging of traditional blue-collar employment. a figure that was 50 percent higher than the national average. the greater feminization and casualization of labor. Millions of urban residents live in hyper-segregated conditions and pockets of concentrated poverty due to a powerful combination of governmental and private action." These problems call for the same attention that agriculture and industrial sectors needed in the 19th century and the defense and health industries needed during and after World War II. Hebert Law center at LSU. Board of Education. and a tendency in the new knowledge of economy for a bifurcation of the labor market into low-tech and high-tech activity. research. national. including: developing health clinics in poor neighborhoods. Additionally. and service into a mission of community outreach. and investing funds and expertise to work with community groups on urban-renewal projects or constructing housing compatible with local needs. the overall living conditions were much poorer in central cities with the poverty rates in many central cities exceeding 20 percent in 1995. In particular. Bok suggests several ways a university could meet its social responsibilities. central cities were beset with serious socioeconomic problems. There is a "spatial mismatch between where they are housed and where the new jobs are located. the corresponding figures were four times and twenty-three times.Ivory Tower Kritik Vande Kamp 15 Samford Debate Institute 2009 Alternative Solvency: Must Link To Specific Activities University settings play a special role in solving poverty – linkage to specific activities is critical Vincent 2003 (Gregory. This connection is best described as: The corporate activities of a university beyond its immediate civic responsibilities that involves conscious commitment by academic units of the university to some role in the problem-solving efforts of society and which is focused on the developing of human." democratic universities with major intellectual and societal promise." These variations in the economy compound a problem of inequality and disparity in income distribution that had previously existed in the U. establishing extension programs for local residents to learn new skills.

Finally. Ethics & Public Policy ln) The law professor who does not provide pro bono service has missed the opportunity to perform work that is a "memorable and fulfilling . university expansion. Some services will give pleasure to others at so little cost to the university that they are well worth doing for their own sake. through taking a step in the direction of improving the public perception of the legal profession and raising its integrity in the eyes of the public. they command a large portion of the supply of certain forms of valued expertise. n170 The rewards will be shared by both the clients and the students thus served by the professor-practitioner. they have a clear obligation to do so. or the tax-exempt status of the institution.. showing "the way things are actually done. In these circumstances. Moreover." n168 He [He/she] has lost the chance to play a greater role in society and to gain a greater respect from his students. part of the joy of our profession. After all. much of the funding they require for their very existence comes directly or indirectly from the taxpaying public. former professor at and president of Harvard University. in fact. 236) Apart from cash payments. They give credentials that are essential for access to many desirable careers. former professor at and president of Harvard University. The problem is to decide what kind of response is appropriate. Efforts to help the community can also create a measure of good will to soften the inevitable discontents over student behavior. The professor through his own "good deeds" will have helped to shape his students towards a commitment to assisting those in need. Professor of Law at Pennsylvania State University. A wise administration will find several reasons to pursue these opportunities." n169 Students will see the law as less impersonal and abstract through their professor's experiences in the justice system. thus enriching the dialogue in the classroom as teacher is elevated to practitioner and not merely viewed as an ivory tower ideologue.. universities can also provide a variety of useful services to the surrounding community. many neighborhood projects can serve the interests of the university and simultaneously benefit the community. He has further ignored the chance to remind future attorneys of their professional duties by having [*35] shared necessary lawyering skills with his students via his pro bono work. . University led projects bolster the community and the university: Bok 1982 (Derek. just as cooperative efforts to design a nearby park further the common interest of the university and local residents in enhancing the surrounding neighborhood. “Professing Pro Bono: To Walk The Talk” Notre Dame Journal of Law. 301-302) There is no reason for universities to feel uncomfortable in taking account of society’s needs. they reform the bulk of basic research in the country. Academic institutions have an obligation to meet the community’s needs Bok 1982 (Derek. Thus student instructors may improve the quality of the public schools while helping to prepare the participants for teaching careers. it is only fair that universities seek to use their resources in a manner that is reasonably responsive to social needs. Beyond the Ivory Tower pg.Ivory Tower Kritik Vande Kamp 16 Samford Debate Institute 2009 Alternative Solvency Individuals who debate issues have a special responsibility to engage in actual activities to solve poverty Mogill 2001 (Michael. institutions of higher learning have a near monopoly of vital intellectual resources in the society. Beyond the Ivory Tower pg.

perhaps. whether in the form of press conferences or reports or harangues directed at students. made this clear. foreign policy. (30) The World Bank and the International Monetary Fund seemed to be part of the same giant blur of international aid organizations that Haitians associated. If they get out of their Ivory Tower representations of the 1AC then that is severance. If the university-based human rights worker is in a peculiar position. “LEGAL AND HUMAN RIGHTS INTERVENTION FOR HEALTH: Rethinking Health and Human Rights: Time for a Paradigm Shift” Journal of Law. my own experience in Haiti. is it wise to set. No more adequate. then. Providing pragmatic services to the afflicted is one obvious form of intervention. many of them ostensibly charitable in nature. The Duvalier dictatorship was then in power. But the spirit in which these services are delivered makes all the difference. which is bad because it allows them to be a moving target." while offering the poor an essential "placebo"? Are the acrid complaints of the vulnerable necessary to remind us that they invariably see the world as one world. neither is in possession of a tried-and-true remedy. double standards for the rich world and the poor world. A university does not have the same entanglements or constraints as an international institution such as the United Nations. That we have failed to meet high goals does not imply that the next step is to lower our sights. too. . of researchers and health-care professionals? What should be the role of students and others lucky enough to be among the "winners" in the global era? We can agree. or it can be pragmatic solidarity. B. To push the analogy further. A. That is our Nayar in 1999 evidence. Their permutation gets corrupted by the links: unless pragmatic services are provided in the right spirit can they solve for equality for the poor: Farmer and Gastineau 2002 (Paul and Nicole. accurately enough. seemingly immovable. ongoing abuses of human rights is to be faced with a moral dilemma: Does one's Physicians for Human Rights. should be the role of the First World university. it is not entirely unlike that of the clinician researcher. In the global era. The local director of USAID at the time had often expressed the view that if Haiti was underdeveloped. the ME LIKEY BOUNCY…ME LIK EY BOUNCY causes were to be sought in Haitian culture. linked to the broader goals of equality and justice for the poor. research and critical assessment are insufficient--analysis alone cannot curb human rights violations. obligations regarding the standard of care. Its chief source of external financial aid was the United States and various international institutions. In human rights work. as an observer. which began in 1983.Ivory Tower Kritik Vande Kamp 17 Samford Debate Institute 2009 Answers To: Permute: Do Both The perm puts them in a double-bind: either they sever out of the discourse of the 1AC or they still link to the Kritik. Once a reasonably effective intervention has been identified. which are so often restricted to the quandary ethics of the individual. Both the human rights specialist and the clinician researcher have blind spots. spiking out of all of our DA and K links. to document. are denunciation and exhortation. as policy goals. If they aren’t severance than they still are hiding in the ivory tower and still deflects attention from getting things done. Again. riven by terrible inequality and injustice? A placebo is a placebo is a placebo. To confront.S. that these centers are fine places from which to conduct research. in both lines of work. for all their virtues. when we know that these are not different worlds but in fact the same one? Can we treat the rich with the "gold standard. nor will medical ethics. in theory. however. action help the sufferers or the system? The increasingly baroque codes of research ethics generated by institutional review boards will not help us out of this dilemma. although this has been the default logic in many instances. it could be argued that there are. with U. The next step is to try new approaches and to hedge our bets with indisputably effective interventions. both are bound to relieve it. or as organizations such as Amnesty International or Universities could. Both study suffering. and to teach. Medicine & Ethics Winter ln) What. it--and not a placebo--is considered the standard against which a new remedy must be tested. Service delivery can be just that. But certain models of engagement are not irrelevant. provide a unique and privileged space for conducting research and engaging in critical assessment.

The technocratic nature of their scholarly discourse corrupts policymaking—preventing the disruptive potential of their permutation Kulynych 1997 (Jessica. It is in the process of acting as citizens in a technical bureaucratic setting. Citizens momentarily recreated themselves as policymakers in a system that defined citizens out of the policy process. in their view. the goal-oriented debate within the energy commissions could be seen as a defiant moment of performative politics. . often ritualized rivalry among theoretical schools makes it unlikely that future officials will leave their university training in this subject with a clear. epistemic standards of evaluation become possible. they resist the confines of that rationality and gesture toward places where words. however. sarcasm. most rational. we look precisely at those moments of defiance and disruption that bring the invisible and unimaginable into view. controlled attempt to discern the best. for example. Without an understanding of the performative aspects of political action. and claims are not enough. Asst.Ivory Tower Kritik Vande Kamp 18 Samford Debate Institute 2009 Answers To: Permute: Do both And. thereby refusing their construction as passive clients. as is the laughter that is evoked from such strategies. or what can be said and what can be conceived. Scholarly research disconnects us further from policy makers and causes scholars to withdraw from society: only the alternative avoids this Lepgold and Nincic 2001 (Joseph and Miroslac. 2-3) For many reasons. Professor of Political Science at Winthrop University. Polity. often strident theoretical debates as unproductive and tiresome. satire. it is often technically quite difficult. Although citizens were minimally successful in influencing or controlling the outcome of the policy debate and experienced a considerable lack of autonomy in their coercion into the technical debate. arguments. that alternative. connections between scholarly ideas and policymakers’ thinking in international relations are less common today. Only when scholars recognize the performative will they be able to grasp the intricacies of contemporary political actions and the possibilities for an actually diverse and participatory democracy. least biased arguments that most precisely express an interlocutor’s ideas and interests. From a practitioner’s perspective . . Not only is much international relations scholarship tedious. behind a curtain of theory and models” that only insiders can penetrate. Strategies such as humor are not merely rational. Deep. and wit – work precisely on the slippage between what is said and what is meant. . could be stimulating and useful. In practice. SHE CONTINUES… Consider. The disruptive potential of the energy commissions continues to defy technical bureaucracy even while their decisions are non-binding. d eliberation is a much less deliberative and much more performative activity. a public hearing. Assistant Professor of International Affairs and Government at Georgetown University and Professor of Political Science at the University of California. but visceral and often uncontrollable. As such. Beyond the Ivory Tower: International Relations Theory and the Issue of Policy Relevance pg. where citizen action is by definition precluded. especially if it led officials to question their basic causal assumptions or consider rival explanations of the cases they face. Hager cannot explain how citizens are able to introduce genuinely new and different “ways of perceiving and naming the world” into a realm where such epistemic standards are unimaginable. much of it is so substantively arid that even many scholarly specialists avoid trying to penetrate it. rather they are agonistic expressions of what cannot be captured by deliberative rationality. it often seems as if university scholars are increasingly “withdrawing . Such intellectual competition. Partly for this reason. Winter p. deliberation and debate are about the sincere. The existence of a goal-oriented debate within a technically dominated arena defied the normalizing separation between expert policymakers and consuming citizens. The literary aspects of debate – irony. well-formed worldview. and the gap may grow unless we rethink carefully our approach to policy relevance. Performative actions are not alternative ways of deliberating. When seen from a discursive legitimation perspective. of course. officials seem to remember the repetitive.315) When we look at the success of citizen initiatives from a performative perspective. More commonly.

fundamental changes in politics. “Jean Baudrillard” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy March 7 http://plato. including the erasure of the distinctions of gender. race. the mutating roles of art and aesthetics. providing fundamental mutations of human and social life. and an idiosyncratic cultural metaphysics that reflects on key events of phenomena of the epoch. and cybernetic technologies in the creation of a qualitatively different social order. culture. and thought. and human beings.Ivory Tower Kritik Vande Kamp 19 Samford Debate Institute 2009 Answers to: Baudrillard Indicts Baudrillard is one of the most important philosophers of the present age Kellner 2007 (Douglas. Professor of Philosophy at Columbia University. although he can also be read as a thinker who combines social theory and philosophy in original and provocative ways and a writer who has developed his own style and forms of writing. culture. and class that structured modern societies in a new postmodern consumer. information. . and the impact of new media. He was an extremely prolific author who has published over thirty books and commented on some of the most salient cultural and sociological phenomena of the contemporary era. media. and high tech society.stanford.edu/entries/baudrillard) French theorist Jean Baudrillard (1929–2007) was one of the foremost intellectual figures of the present age whose work combines philosophy. A sharp critic of contemporary society. Baudrillard is often seen as a major guru of French postmodern theory. social theory.

act from and follow the principles of the Law of Peoples and explain to other peoples their reasons for pursuing or revising a people s foreign policy and affairs of state that involve other societies. The Appeal of Experience. to would paralyze social action. Prof Harvard Medical School and Prof U Middlesex. To answer this question. whenever chief executives and legislators. the disposition of citizens to view themselves as ideal executives and legislators. is part of the public reason of free and equal peoples. supported by what reasons satisfying the criterion of reciprocity. Winter. imminent philosopher. Daedalus. It would be more destructive than the problem we have identified. p 17-8) Our critique of appropriations of suffering that do no harm does not mean that no appropriations are valid. ideally. is part of the political and social basis of peace and understanding among peoples. they would think it most reasonable to enact. that ideally citizens are to think of themselves as if they were executives and legislators and ask themselves what foreign policy supported by what considerations they would think it most reasonable to advance. and the like*not for particular laws (except at a state or local level where they may vote directly on referenda questions. citizens are to think of themselves as if they were legislators and ask themselves what statutes.giving up policy making is the worst possible option Kleinman and Kleinman 1996 (Arthur and Joan. and other government officials. and to repudiate government officials and candidates for public office who violate public reason. like other political rights and duties is an intrinsically moral duty. or satisfied. When firm and widespread. the disposition of citizens to view themselves as ideal legislators. . when firm and widespread. Similarly. As for private citizens. To conclude that would be to undermine any attempt to respond to human misery. and to repudiate government officials and candidates for public office who violate the public reason of free and equal peoples. 125: 1. for in that case it would be incompatible with freedom of speech. we say. which are not usually fundamental questions). citizens vote for representatives*chief executives. We must draw upon the images of human suffering in order to identify human needs and to craft humane response. we say that. The Law of Peoples p. I emphasize that it is not a legal duty. forms part of the political and social basis of liberal democracy and is vital for its enduring strength and vigor.56-7) How is the ideal of public reason realized by citizens who are not government officials? In a representative government. legislators. as before. Even if their K is right. This duty.Ivory Tower Kritik Vande Kamp 20 Samford Debate Institute 2009 **Ivory Tower Kritik: Aff Answers** Turn: Role playing as public actors is vital to hold the government accountable and to create widespread moral responsibility Rawls 1999 (John. while doing what they can to hold governement officals to it. Once again. as well as candidates for public office. Thus is domestic society citizens fulfill their duty of civility and support the idea of public reason. the ideal of the public reason of free and equal peoples is realized.

Working in America is a model of engaged scholarship. In this regard. UCLA. Localizing. and Policy Studies.Ivory Tower Kritik Vande Kamp 21 Samford Debate Institute 2009 Ivory Tower Kritik: Aff Answers The affirmative provides a political vision that unites groups around the cause of solving poverty. and then mapped by academics. equity. The book was written before present possibilities emerged. documented or not . When that vision takes shape. But I think that the necessary social and racial movement must gather strength from the combined effort and thinking of all sources . and Bundling AntiSpanish and Anti-Immigrant Sentiment in the 21st Century” Nevada Law Journal. who. a consensus can be forged to strengthen our distinctively American "mixed" system for ensuring security. and much of LatCrit discourse. who are rewarded by their home institutions for their scholarly achievements as measured by the caliber of the placement of their writings. Articulating that vision is a challenge--for political leaders and for researchers like ourselves. Howard Noble Professor of Management. on the streets. is a political vision that would unite groups around a sense of common fate.or whether we will recognize the strength to be gained as a nation by embracing their contributions and their place in the "American" dream. is the blueprint for such a mass movement that targets the many interrelated facets of subordination today. The James and Ilene Hershner Professor of Law at the University of Oregon School of Law “SYMPOSIUM: LatCrit XI Working and Living in the Global Playground: Frontstage and Backstage: ARTICLE: LANGUAGE: Introduction: Old Hate in New Bottles: Privatizing. But those streets often hold the key to our progress as a nation. That is asking a great deal from today's scholars. and ignored for their achievements in the community and for their influence on the streets. however. but it remains a reliable and incisive guide to the shape of things to come. Bender 2007 (Steven. in the battle over whether we will continue to scapegoat the least powerful .with a blurring of the roles of academic and activist. Jacoby 2002 (Sanford. nevertheless are capable of bringing facts and analysis to bear on political discourse. Summer ln) What is missing from LatCrit language discourse. despite our ivory-tower proclivities. especially the unpaved ones far from the ivory tower.the immigrants. History. “Mean and Variance” Industrial & Labor Relations Review July ln) What is missing from the present situation. Perhaps that blueprint is best conceived organically. Permute – Do Both the plan and non-competitive parts of the alternative: Combining Academic Analysis with Activism is the best way to create social progress. . and participation at work.

former professor at and president of Harvard University. 65-66) . Beyond the Ivory Tower pg.Ivory Tower Kritik Vande Kamp 22 Samford Debate Institute 2009 Ivory Tower Kritik: Aff Answers Even those who oppose radical university goals in society agree that universities should still serve society Bok 1982 (Derek.

Bok 1982 (Derek. former professor at and president of Harvard University.Ivory Tower Kritik Vande Kamp 23 Samford Debate Institute 2009 Ivory Tower Kritik: Aff Answers Turn: Tying Academic Institutions to outside problem-solving risks cooption by neo-conservative forces. Beyond the Ivory Tower pg. 65-66) . like the military.

Beyond the Ivory Tower pg.Ivory Tower Kritik Vande Kamp 24 Samford Debate Institute 2009 Ivory Tower AFF Answers Education is not affected by going out and serving the community Bok 1982 (Derek. 74-75) . former professor at and president of Harvard University.

etc. by simulating death." to desire its own repression and to invest in paranoid and fascist systems? A malign torsion that returns this revolution of desire to the same fundamental ambiguity as the other. in order to attempt. proving truth through scandal. which. Everything is metamorphosed into its opposite to perpetuate itself in its expurgated form. try to regenerate a moribund principle through simulated scandal. a torsion that is like that of the evil spirit of commutation. to renew the cycle through the mirror of crisis. in order to preserve the blessing of power. of every institution attempting to break the vicious circle of its irresponsibility and of its fundamental nonexistence. a French sociologist and philosopher. to escape their real death throes. Formerly the discourse on history derived its power from violently opposing itself to that of nature. circularized. as it is elsewhere (the Tasaday) of proving ethnology through the dispossession of its object-without taking into account: the proof of theater through antitheater. before thinking that we now take pleasure in capital. . Formerly. only had the right to phantom attempts. an enigmatic reversal that brings desire "revolutionary in itself. phantasm. and capital through revolution. of desire and capital. proving work through striking. the whole system. Today.It would take too long to traverse the entire range of the operational negativity of all those scenarios of deterrence. To seek new blood in its own death. proving the system through crisis. to simulated murders. today both are dissolved in the same type of demand. 18-19) Conjunction of the system and of its extreme alternative like the two sides of a curved mirror. he is miserably forced to feign death. the proof of psychiatry through antipsychiatry. All the referentials combine their discourses in a circular. negativity. But it is lost. Nixon. the infinity of capital folded back on its own surface: transfinite? And is it not the same for desire and the libidinal space? Conjunction of desire and value. the proof of art through antiart. sex and work were fiercely opposed terms. like Watergate. said Lyotard. the final pleasure as the metamorphosis of the law (which is why it is so widely the order of the day): only capital takes pleasure. Power can stage its own murder to rediscover a glimmer of existence and legitimacy Such was the case with some American presidents: the Kennedys were murdered because they still had a political dimension. proving the law through transgression. French Cultural Theorist. But this aura of an artificial menace was still necessary to conceal that they were no longer anything but the mannequins of power. It is always a question of moving the real through the imaginary. the king (also the god) had to die. Overwhelming versatility of desire in Deleuze. Simulacra and Simulation p. Mobian compulsion. the historical revolution. a "vicious" curvature of a political space that is henceforth magnetized. Not so long ago. the proof of pedagogy through antipedagogy. wanting what it wants. the discourse of desire to that of power-today they exchange their signifiers and their scenarios. of its already seen and of its already dead.Ivory Tower Kritik Vande Kamp 25 Samford Debate Institute 2009 Ivory Tower AFF Answers: Paradox Perm Permute: do both: paradoxes allow us to re-envision society: Baudrillard. and antipower: this is the only solution-alibi of every power. and murder-a sort of hormonal treatment through negativity and crisis. All the powers. Ford. Johnson. and as if involuntarily. reversibilized from the right to the left. 1981 (Jean. The others. Conjunction of desire and the law. therein lay his power. sociologist and philosopher. all the institutions speak of themselves through denial.

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