PRACTICAL WORK BOOK ON VACUUM TECHNIQUES Name:………………………………………………. Matric No:………………………………………… PRACTICAL Work One Date: ……………….

PROCEDURES: VISIT A VULCANIZER, STUDY THE WORK HE IS DOING QUESTIONS: 1. • 2. How does he detect leak? Explain the various step In a tabular form, compare the valcanizer’s method of leak detection to leak detection by high frequency tester. • 3. 4. • Explain. Explain the various steps in detail. As he pumps the tube, explain what happens to size of the tube. What do you think will happen to the air (gas) molecules and the internal surface of the tube?

In your own metal view. If a gauge falls heavily on a solid surface. 8. Consider the case where the host is not leaking. alpha picture how you think the gas or air molecules would appear if they are exhibiting gas to gas collision. • Explain the structure in your diagram. • In any case invoke the Boyles law. The air spring. What do you think would happen if the host used in pumping the tube was leaking while the pumping is on? Draw the diagram and explain them. Make a Label diagram of a common gauge 2. If a plastic transparent material is made of it. In your own thinking try to create a picture showing 6. (a) (b) (c) The transparent glass on it.5. 1. As scientist. 5b. give you professional advice on how to maintain a Rotary or diffusion pump. what do you think will happen to …. 7. . • wall/gas collision. PRACTICAL WORK TWO Date:………………. Explain what happen inside the tube as the pumping continues.

2d. Make a label diagram of an oil.sealed rotary pump. why do you think so? . Which of them cause impedance. 2c. 2b. 2a. Which of them would diffuse faster and why • Explain. Suppose a metallic casing is made of s particular common gauge and it is to be burial alongside with a plastic cased and a stainless cased gauge. 6. • Explain what happen to the casings of the three difference gauge if hey were to be burial for a period of six months before digging them out. From your study care and handling of common gauges what will happen to the pointer? What do you think will b found on the graduated scale of the gauge? PRACTICAL WORK THREE Date…………………… 1. why? • Explain. Will the gauge work effectively. Which of them would leak faster and why? • Explain. Suppose you were to pump the following a) b) c) d) clean water kerosene petrol muddy water with sand particles Which of the above would be easily pumped and why? • Explain in details. 5.3. 4.

tube manometer. 2. If palm oil is used in the open-tube manometer and connected to a boiler to measure its pressure. . can hey be measure by open or closed. Make a label diagram U-tube manometers (open and closed). Water or steam pressures in boilers are extremely high. why? • Explain. PRACTICAL WORK FOUR Date: ………………………… 1. 3.• Explain in details. what do you think will happen? • Explain.

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