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SEDIMENTATION STUDIES APPARATUS (EBE-106

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For the purpose. product owners. Customer satisfaction is our primary concern. so we want you have an understanding of proper procedure to use the equipment. This manual includes information for all options available on this model. Therefore. specifications and illustrations in this manual are those in effect at the time of printing.C. So what are you waiting for. Ltd. roll up your sleeves and let us get down to work! K. It is a product that we are proud to build and you are proud to own it. Engineers Pvt. Feel Free to contact us for any assistance. However your comfort and safety are important to us. we urge you to read and follow the stepby-step operating instructions and safety precautions in this manual. All information. Our products are easy to understand and operate. They are excellent for students who are trying to gain practical knowledge through experiments. We appreciate your interest in us and thank you for buying our product.C. You have chosen the finest quality product in the market which is produced using latest techniques and has underwent strict quality control tests. you may find some information that does not apply to your equipment. superior performance year after year. It will ensure that your favourite product delivers reliable. .Foreword Welcome to the fast growing family of K. We reserve the right to change specifications or design at any time without notice.

. To avoid or reduce the risk. safety or disturbance.Important Information About This Manual Reminder for Safety Modification on Equipment: This equipment should not be modified. In addition damage or performance problems resulting from modification may not be covered under warranties. the procedures must be followed carefully. Modification could affect its performance. Precautions and Maintenance: This is used to indicate the presence of a hazard that could cause minor or moderate personal injury or damage to your equipment.

2. 13. Objective Aim Introduction Theory Description Utilities Required Experimental Procedure Observation & Calculation Nomenclature Precautions & Maintenance Instructions Troubleshooting References Block Diagram …………………………………… …………………………………… …………………………………… …………………………………… …………………………………… …………………………………… …………………………………… …………………………………… …………………………………… …………………………………… …………………………………… …………………………………… …………………………………… 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 4 6 6 7 7 8 K. 6. Ambala SEDIMENTATION STUDIES APPARATUS (Rev. 5.Contents 1. 3. 7. 8. 9.C. 1) . 10. Limited. Engineers Pvt. 11. 4. 12.

Slopes of this curve at any point of time represent settling velocities of the suspension at that time and are characteristics of specific solid concentration. THEORY: For any batch sedimentation experiment. In contrast colloidal material. Engineers Pvt. gravity will remove them from the flow. OBJECTIVE: To study the batch sedimentation process. Sedimentation is accomplished by decreasing the velocity of the water being treated to a point below which the particle will no longer remain in suspension. sand or silt can be removed very easly. 2. such as an iron salt or almunium sulphate. on slurry of known concentration. small particles that stay in suspension and make the water seem cloudy. Because of their density. Ambala SEDIMENTATION STUDIES APPARATUS Page No. 1) .C.SEDIMENTATION STUDIES APPARATUS 1.2 2. originally present in the source water. Suspended material may be partials. K. Some of the more comman types of factors to consider are: The size and type of particles to be removed have a significant effect on the operation of the sedimentation tank. When the velocity no longer supports the transport of the particles. such as clay or silts. Limited. will not settle until the material is coagulated and flocculated by the addition of a chemical. 2. AIM: 2. More commonly suspended material or floc is created from material in the water and the chemical used in coagulation or in the other treatment process.1 To determine the effect of initial concentration and initial suspension height on the sedimentation rates. The shape of the particle also affects its settling characteristics. 4. 1 of 8 (Rev. INTRODUCTION: Sedimentation is the process of letting suspended material settle by gravity. To show the effect of particle size distribution.3 To show the effect of flocculating agent. the height of a liquid-solid interface is obtained as a function of time. such as lime softening. 3.

1 Electricity Supply: Single Phase.3 Chemicals:CaCO3 Distilled water : : 2 kg 10 Lit : 5 Nos.100.1. Earlier dense zone increases then decreases. 5-15 Amp combined socket with earth connection. 50 Hz. 7. DESCRIPTION: The set up consists of five cylinder made of borosilicate glass. 6. 6. clear liquid zone. UTILITIES REQUIRED: 6.1. EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE: 7. Limited. The total depth of suspension is maximum but after a short while the solid have settled to give a zone of clear liquid.C.2 7.150) gm CaCO3 in 2 liter water and note down the initial height. 7. which is illuminated from behind. which is same. 5.1 7.1.1 STARTING PROCEDURE (FOR CASE-1): 7. Ambala SEDIMENTATION STUDIES APPARATUS Page No. K. 2 of 8 (Rev. 220 V AC.100) gm CaCO3 in 2 liter water and note down the initial height which is different. After some times it is divided into three zone.2 Laboratory glass ware:Graduated cylinders (2 Lit) : Stop watch 6. In the present experimental set-up record the height with respect to time and plot the graph between them to show the various effects. take (50.At the beginning of a batch sedimentation process. 1) .3 Prepare five different slurry solutions. the solid is uniformly distributed in the liquid.1. Engineers Pvt. Fill the solution in cylinders. take (100. The cylinders are mounted on vertical back-panel. Measuring scale are provided for each of the cylinders. partial dense zone and dense zone. For first three cylinders. 1 No.4 For second two cylinders.

7.4 7.1 Prepare five slurry solutions.2 7. Stir the solution of cylinder-1 until a uniform solution is achieved. 7.1.9 Also note down the time.7 7.6 Start the stop watch and record the height of clear liquid interface at every 5 minute interval.1. Limited. 1) .10.3. Switch ON the light. which is same.2 CLOSING PROCEDURE (FOR CASE-1): 7.8 Start the stop watch and record the height of clear liquid interface at every 5 minute interval.3.20. Stir the solution of cylinder-1 until a uniform solution is achieved. Record the final height and time for each cylinder.7. 7. 7. 7.15.2.3.7 Connect the electric supply.2.5 7.11 Record the final height and time for each cylinder. Engineers Pvt. Connect the electric supply. Record the initial time. Repeat the above steps for all remaining cylinders.25) ml and note down the initial height. K.1.3. Switch ON the light.3. 7.6 7. 7.1.9 Also note down the time. Ambala SEDIMENTATION STUDIES APPARATUS Page No.2 7.1.3 7. take 100 gm CaCO3 in 2 liter water for each cylinder with different amount of flocculants (5.3.1.3 STARTING PROCEDURE (FOR CASE-2): 7. 7. 3 of 8 (Rev.8 7.1.3 When experiment is over switch OFF the light. Clean all the cylinders. Record the initial time.10 Repeat the above steps for all remaining cylinders.3.1 7. 7.2. Switch OFF the power supply.C.3.5 Fill the solution in cylinders.3.

5 7. Switch OFF the power supply.6 CLOSING PROCEDURE (FOR CASE-3): 7.C. Switch OFF the power supply. Switch ON the light. Prepare slurry solution by mixing known amount of sodium carbonate with 2 liter of water. Ambala SEDIMENTATION STUDIES APPARATUS Page No.4.4 7.2 Take five different size of calcium carbonate and note down the size of it. 7.5. 7.5.4 CLOSING PROCEDURE (FOR CASE-2): 7.4. 1) . Stir the solution of cylinder-1 until a uniform solution is achieved. Clean all the cylinders.5 STARTING PROCEDURE (FOR CASE-3): 7.2 7.5. 4 of 8 (Rev.6.6. 8.3 7. 7.8 7. Engineers Pvt.3 When experiment is over switch OFF the light.1 7.4.5.6.5. Connect the electric supply. Limited.5.9 Also note down the time.6 Fill the solution in cylinders.2 7. Clean all the cylinders. Repeat the above steps for all remaining cylinders. OBSERVATION & CALCULATION: 8.5.5. 7.5.3 When experiment is over switch OFF the light. 7.10 Record the final height and time for each cylinder.7.1 7.1 DATA: Initial concentration of solution Co = __________ kg/m3 K.7 Start the stop watch and record the height of clear liquid interface at every 5 minute interval.1 7. Record the initial time. 7.5.

5 of 8 (Rev.2.a OBSERVATION TABLE (FOR CASE-1): S.3 CALCULATIONS: (FOR CASE-1): Plot the graph of Z vs  for cylinder.c OBSERVATION TABLE (FOR CASE-3): Dp (mm) Cylinder-1  (sec) Z (cm) Cylinder-2  (sec) Z (cm) Cylinder-3  (sec) Z (cm) Cylinder-4  (sec) Z (cm) Cylinder-5  (sec) Z (cm) 8.No Cylinder-1  (sec) Z (cm) Cylinder-2  (sec) Z (cm) Cylinder-3  (sec) Z (cm) Cylinder-4  (sec) Z (cm) Cylinder-5  (sec) Z (cm) 8.4 & 5.1. Plot the graph of Z vs  for cylinder.2. Ambala SEDIMENTATION STUDIES APPARATUS Page No.2. 2 & 3. Engineers Pvt. Limited. 1) .C.b OBSERVATION TABLE (FOR CASE-2): S.8.No Cylinder-1  (sec) Z (cm) Cylinder-2  (sec) Z (cm) Cylinder-3  (sec) Z (cm) Cylinder-4  (sec) Z (cm) Cylinder-5  (sec) Z (cm) 8. K.

Engineers Pvt. K. 4 & 5.1 10. (FOR CASE-3): ZO  _____ (cm) C CO Z O (kg/m3) Z [Initial height of Z] CALCULATION TABLE (FOR CASE-3): Dp (mm) Cylinder-1 C (kg/m3) Cylinder-2 C (kg/m3) Cylinder-3 C (kg/m3) Cylinder-4 C (kg/m3) Cylinder-5 C (kg/m3) Plot the graph of Dp vs C for cylinder. 3.2 Keep apparatus free from dust.1. 2. Limited. 2. Always drain the cylinders after use. 6 of 8 (Rev. 4 & 5. 9. 1) . Ambala SEDIMENTATION STUDIES APPARATUS Page No.(FOR CASE-2): Plot the graph of Z vs  for cylinder. PRECAUTION & MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS: 10.C. NOMENCLATURE: Nom C Co Dp Z Zo  Column Heading Concentration of sediment at any time  Initial concentration of sediment Size of solid particles Height of suspension clear liquid interface Initial height of suspension clear liquid interface Time of settling Units kg/m3 kg/m3 mm cm cm sec Type Calculated Given Measured Measured Calculated Measured 10.1. 3.

C. J M & Richardson. Ambala SEDIMENTATION STUDIES APPARATUS Page No. Limited. 12. J F (1991).11. Engineers Pvt. TROUBLESHOOTING: 11. Ltd. 7 of 8 (Rev.1 If light is not showing ON then check the mains. K. 4th Ed. Chemical Engineering Vol-2.1 Coulson. REFERENCES: 12. 1) . pp 174-188. ND: Asian Books Pvt.

1) . Engineers Pvt. Ambala SEDIMENTATION STUDIES APPARATUS Page No. BLOCK DIAGRAM: K.13. 8 of 8 (Rev.C. Limited.