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ne w york .The  Scream Edvard Munch ann temkin the museum of modern art.

Thus.L et’s plainly state what may seem self-evident: The Scream now on view at The Museum of Modern Art is a unique work of art (fig. 2). Multiplicity is part of its DNA. just before he turned thirty years old. It exists in contradistinction to the seemingly infinite century. The Scream became a sensationalized focal point for both the admirers and detractors of this controversial artist. this Scream takes its place within a tightly knit family of related paintings. The Scream was both singular and multiple. returning to them was an integral part of his practice. 32 × 23 1/4" (79 × 59 cm). now in the National Museum in Oslo. Edvard Munch drew this image with pastels on a sheet of paper mounted on cardboard. 1). Private collection 3 . Pastel on paper on cardboard. It measures 32 by 23 1/4 inches. M. and prints made by Munch. employing both image and text to convey the full force of Munch’s nightmarish vision. edvard munch The Scream.” The resulting object is resolutely autonomous. Munch created that work in 1893. That being said. drawings. He made it in 1895. Norway (fig. long before the legions of imitations appeared. 1. This pastel drawing relates most obviously to the best-known version of The Scream. signed “E. The artist housed the drawing in a gilded frame bearing a plaque with a text hand-lettered in red number of images. and caricature it. 1895. for Munch continually revisited virtually all his motifs. modify. signing and dating it on the lower left. From the moment this painting on cardboard was first exhibited in December 1893. that replicate. produced during the course of more than a paint.

Oslo edvard munch 3 (above). 4 2 (opposite). 1893. When he sold it some time after the turn of the century. 5). This pastel appears to be the sketch in which Munch mapped out the essentials of the composition. 35 13⁄16 × 29 15⁄16" (91 × 73. Pastel on cardboard. all with black ink. A few were printed on colored paper or were enhanced with watercolor. The Scream. he made a lithograph of The Scream (fig. pastel. Munch had retained for himself the 1893 painted version of The Scream. he painted another one to take its place in his collection (fig. and crayon on cardboard. The work was among his earliest ventures in that medium. 3). Meanwhile. Over time he made about thirty Scream lithographs. The National Museum of Art. most on either white or tan paper. 4). and Design. now in the Munch Museum in Oslo (fig. 5 . Architecture. oil. Oslo edvard munch The Scream. 29 1/8 × 22" (74 × 56 cm).5 cm). the same year that Munch made the pastel drawing on view at MoMA. In 1895. Tempera.The painting in the National Museum itself depends on a prior composition: a pastel drawing of 1893. 1893. Munch Museum.

5 × 40. It was not uncommon for Munch to make another version of a picture in order to accommodate a desirous collector. Arthur von Franquet. Matthew T. edvard munch It is likely that Munch created the work on display at MoMA at the express request of its first owner. Even so.4 cm). The Museum of Modern Art. The motif had been brewing in Munch’s mind. Munch Museum. 32 7/8 × 26" (83. and on pages and canvases.5 × 66 cm). Mellon Fund 5 (opposite). He was an early collector of Munch’s work and also owned a lithograph of The Scream. 1895. The Scream.3 cm). Before widening the circle of works that surround this Scream. let’s turn briefly to Munch’s biography. The 1895 pastel Scream and all its relatives constitute a formidable group of objects. composition: 13 15⁄16 × 10" ( 35. such opportunities fit well with his process of working with themes and variations. for at least a year prior to 1893. they do not define a closed or comprehensive set. Lithograph. New York. however. The The Scream. sheet: 20 11⁄16 × 15 7/8" ( 52.4 × 25. Oslo edvard munch 6 7 .4 (above). 1910? Tempera and oil on cardboard. a businessman in the German city of Braunschweig.

October 24. 3. Chicago: The Art Institute of Chicago. The Museum of Modern Art. 24 . East Greenwich. Department of Imaging Services. Munich. Kynaston. Becoming Edvard Munch: Influence. Heller. Munch in His Own Words. 2012 – April 29. 16. Photo J. Edvard Munch: The Modern Life of the Soul. London and New York: Thames & Hudson. Edvard Munch: The Modern Eye. 2. organized by Ann Temkin. Klaus Albert. Photo Tord Lund: fig. 32 × 23 1/4" (79 × 59 cm). New York: The Viking Press. 1973. Poul Erik. photo Thomas Griesel: fig. NY: fig. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. Edvard Munch—Theme and Variation. Photo Munch Museum (Andersen/de Jong): figs. Angela and Clément Chéroux. R. The paper is 100-lb. NY 2012. Edvard Munch: The Scream. Thielska Galleriet. IngebjØrg. 2012. New York. New York 10019 © 2012 The Museum of Modern Art ISBN: 978-0-87070-876-3 Library of Congress Control Number: 2012950681 Cover: Edvard Munch. Sue. Schroeder. Gerd. and Antonia Hoerschelmann. Anxiety. New York: The Museum of Modern Art. 2008. Ydstie. photo John Wronn: fig. Private collection Printed in the United States Photograph Credits All works by Edvard Munch © Munch Museum/MunchEllingsen Group/ARS. New York. Lampe. Stockholm. 2006. 2005. 2003. photo Mali Olatunji: fig. and Ostfildern-Ruit: Cantz Verlag. Reinhold. Oslo: Munch Museum and Bergen: Vigmostad & Bjørke. 7. This book is typeset in Galaxie Copernicus and Scala Sans. 11. eds. 2013. New York Edited by Sarah McFadden Designed by Gina Rossi Production by Matthew Pimm Printed by Meridian Printing. McShine. Woll. Jay A. Art Museums of Bergen. 53 Street. London: Tate Publishing. Norway. Produced by the Department of Publications. 2009. Photo Paige Knight: fig. 13. Prideaux. Edvard Munch: Behind the Scream. 5. © National Museum of Art.I. and New Haven and London: Yale University Press. and Myth. Unisource Velvet Text. Rasmus Meyer collection: fig. Vienna: Albertina. The Scream. Department of Painting and Sculpture. and New York: Prestel Verlag. 10. Edvard Munch: Complete Paintings. The Marie-Josée and Henry Kravis Chief Curator. 9. 2009. 12. The Scream. Pastel on paper on cardboard. The Museum of Modern Art. New York. 14. Erich Lessing/Art Resource. 8. London. ed. 4. 11 W. 2003.Further Reading Clarke. 1895. TØjner. Published by The Museum of Modern Art. Berlin. Published in conjunction with the presentation of Edvard Munch’s The Scream at The Museum of Modern Art. Lathion: figs.

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