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MAESTRÍA EN INGENIERÍA Y DESARROLLO DE SOFTWARE

www.cpds.edu.mx

MCT Oscar Correas Del Gesso
Of. +52 (222) 2.37.94.92 01.800.808.62.40 ocorreas@cpds.edu.mx

COLEGIO DE POSTGRADO EN DESARROLLO DE SOFTWARE

Administración de servidores Windows y Conectividad

Module 1

• Understanding Network Infrastructure

Module Overview
• Network Architecture Standards • Local Area Networking • Wide Area Networking • Wireless Networking • Connecting to the Internet • Remote Access

Lesson 1: Network Architecture Standards • Network Components and Terminology • Network Architecture • Network Media Access Control Methods • IEEE 802 Standards .

Network Components and Terminology • • • • • • • • • • • • Data Node Client Server Peer Network adapter Hub Switch Router Media Transport protocol Bandwidth .

Network Architecture Most common network architecture types: • Ethernet • FDDI • Token ring .

Network Media Access Control Methods Network Media Access Control Method Action • Checks for media availability Sends data Resolves collisions Monitors media availability constantly Advertises intent to send Sends data Listens for token Packages data with token Confirms delivery when token returns CSMA/CD • • • CSMA/CA • • • Token passing • • .

5 – Token ring networks • IEEE 802.IEEE 802 Standards IEEE 802 standards: • IEEE 802.16 – Broadband wireless networks .11 – Local wireless networks • IEEE 802.3 – Ethernet networks • IEEE 802.

Lesson 2: Local Area Networking • What Is a LAN? • How Nodes on a LAN Communicate • Physical Components of a LAN • LAN Physical Topologies • LAN Logical Topologies .

What Is a LAN? A LAN is the most common form of computer network .

How Nodes on a LAN Communicate 00-22-FB-8A-41-64 00-B0-D0-86-BB-F7 .

Physical Components of a LAN Components of a LAN: • Network adapter • Wiring • Hub/Switch • Termination point • Wiring cabinet .

LAN Physical Topologies Bus Ring Star Hybrid Mesh .

LAN Logical Topologies Topologies: • Bus Logical (Ethernet) • Ring Logical (FDDI and token ring) .

Lesson 3: Wide Area Networking • What Is a WAN? • Physical WAN Components • What Are the WAN Standards? • What Are the T-Carrier and E-Carrier Standards? • Optical Carrier Standards • What Is ISDN? • Connecting to the Internet with WAN Components .

What Is a WAN? LAN LAN LAN LAN .

Physical WAN Components Physical WAN components: • Bridge • Router • Leased line • Backbone .

What Are the WAN Standards? WAN standards: • T-Carrier • E-Carrier • Optical Carrier (OC-X) • ISDN .

544Mbps Copper 44.048Mbps Copper 34.What Are the T-Carrier and E-Carrier Standards? T-Carrier standards are: • Used in North America E-Carrier standards are: • Used globally except North America Standard Bandwidth Typical Media T1 T3 E1 E3 1.368Mbps Fiber .736Mbps Fiber 2.

52Mbps 622.16Mbps 2488.84Mbps 155.28Mbps 39.Optical Carrier Standards Standard Bandwidth OC-1 OC-3 OC-12 OC-24 OC-48 OC-192 OC-768 51.813.12Mbps .08Mbps 1244.32Mbps 9953.

What Is ISDN? ISDN is: • Dial-on-demand • Typically used as a backup connection Standard Bandwidth BRI PRI 128Kbps 1.536Mbps .

Connecting to the Internet with WAN Components Common technologies used: • DSL modem • Cable modem • Analog modem LAN Modem Internet Internet LAN .

11? • Securing Wireless Networks .Lesson 4: Wireless Networking • Wireless Networking Components • Wireless Standards and Protocols • What Is 802.

Wireless Networking Components • Wireless network adapter • Access point • Ad Hoc network Infrastructure Network • Infrastructure network • SSID Ad hoc Network .

Wireless WAN .16 .Wireless LAN • 802.Wireless Standards and Protocols Wireless standards and protocols: • 802.11 .

What Is 802.11? Wireless LAN standards: • Common versions: • 802.11g • 802.11a • 802.11n .11b • 802.

Securing Wireless Networks Common encryption methods: • WEP • WiFi Protected Access (WPAv1 and WPAv2) • WPA-PSK (Shared key) • WPA-Enterprise (Per-user keys) Other methods: • MAC filtering • Smart cards and USB tokens • Hidden SSID .

Lesson 5: Connecting to the Internet • What Is the Internet? • Intranets and Extranets • What Is a Firewall? • What Is a Perimeter Network? • Proxy and Reverse Proxy Servers .

What Is the Internet? Internet .

Intranets and Extranets Intranets are: • A group of services hosted on a network • A private structure • Internet-like service provision Extranet are: • Similar services to intranet • Exposed to networks outside of the intranet • Services that require extra security measures .

What Is a Firewall? Internal Network .

What Is a Perimeter Network? LAN Perimeter Network Untrusted Network Internet .

Proxy and Reverse Proxy Servers Proxy servers: • Filter client access to resources • Locally cache information Reverse proxy servers: • Redirect incoming traffic • Allow for load balancing .

Lesson 6: Remote Access • What Is a Branch Office? • What Is Remote Access? • Encryption and Authentication • Virtual Private Networks • RADIUS .

What Is a Branch Office? Branch Office Branch Office Main Office Remote User .

What Is Remote Access? LAN Internet Remote Client Remote Client .

Encryption and Authentication Encryption is: • Scrambling data to prevent unauthorized access Authentication is: • Providing a means of verifying the identity of a user or node .

Virtual Private Networks VPN Server Corporate LAN Internet Tunnel VPN Client .

RADIUS RADIUS: Remote Authentication Dial In User Service RADIUS key functions: • Authenticate • Authorize • Account .