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WHAT IS CONTEMPORARY ART?

A G u ide for Kid s
Jacky Klein and Suzy Klein

t CONTENTS INTRODUCTION A SPLASH OF COLOR LIGHT FANTASTIC DRIPS. AND WAVES WHAT’S IN A NAME? FACE TO FACE GOING ROUND IN CIRCLES BIZARRE BEASTS ALL THAT GLITTERS LINE UP GETTING DRESSED SEEING DOUBLE ALL WHITE FLYING HIGH MAKING AND BREAKING LIFE SIZE 06 08 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 SPARKLES AND CHOCOLATE 40 ORIGINALS AND COPIES 42 BALANCING ACT 44 READ ALL ABOUT IT 46 BLACK HOLES AND MOON ROCKS 48 OVER AND OVER 50 THE ARTIST’S BODY 52 PLAYING GAMES 54 BEDTIME 56 60 61 61 63 64 64 ARTISTS’ BIOGRAPHIES GLOSSARY WHERE TO FIND OUT MORE WHERE TO SEE MORE INDEX ABOUT THE AUTHORS ACKNOWLEDGMENTS . DOTS.

Anthropometry: Princess Helena. Our understanding or perception of color depends on our memories and emotions. In the past he has created a giant orange indoor sun. or truth. blue often symbolizes loyalty. even our family background and which country we come from. It had a particularly bright and intense color. made a real rainbow in a gallery. which green seems most like an apple to you. 2005 Olafur Eliasson likes to use the widest variety of colors he can find for his artworks. Imagine your favorite color: what does it make you think of. He worked with a chemist to develop his own brand of paint. The colour spectrum series. Olive green is traditionally the color of peace. rolling around or dragging each other as directed by the artist. sponges. Red can mean love or danger. wisdom. He applied the paint to his pictures using rollers. and dyed a river green. WHAT COULD IT HAVE BEEN? The artist Yves Klein was obsessed with just one color: blue. and which is most like broccoli? Do your friends choose the same colors as you? 9 A WORLD OF COLOR Throughout history.t 8 A SPLASH OF COLOR SOMETHING BLUE HAS SMEARED ITSELF k ACROSS THIS PIECE OF PAPER. and how does it make you feel? Yves Klein. When you look at the grid. while dark green is associated with greed and jealousy. from deep violet at the top left corner to dark red at the bottom right. Eliasson wants us to think about how each one of us sees colors differently.” The women were covered in blue paint and lay down on large sheets of paper. The body prints created by these *performances* made surprising shapes and patterns. Olafur Eliasson. which he called International Klein Blue. 1961 . colors have always had particular associations. and even people! This work is part of a series in which Klein used naked female models as “living paintbrushes. This block of *prints* shows us the complete range of colors the human eye can see.

and four different shades of white). 1983 . Flavin liked to work with standard lightbulbs that he could buy in a regular hardware store. even though many more were available. Tatlin. 1964 Bruce Nauman. and is often used to advertise places such as beauty parlors or fast-food restaurants. What do you desire. and a fixed system of shapes and colors that he found he could adapt into countless different arrangements. Can you spot the delicate halo all around the edge? What effect do you think this has on the artwork? This work by Bruce Nauman is like a poem written in light. need.t 10 LIGHT FANTASTIC SOMETIMES SIMPLE. or light streaming through windows. pink. he uses flashing neon to create words that ask us to look deep inside ourselves. the wall around it also seems to shine. Nauman makes letters out of glass neon tubes. but if you look closely. painters have depicted blazing sunshine. or hope for? LIGHT ART Artists have always been interested in light. TEN COLORS Dan Flavin used a very limited range of bulbs in his work. “monument” 1 for V. green. gloomy shadows. For centuries. This light sculpture was made by the artist Dan Flavin using fluorescent tubes that he attached to the wall. Dan Flavin. The two artists here use real electric light to create their work. EVERYDAY MATERIALS CAN CREATE DAZZLING WORKS OF ART. blue. He chose just five shapes (a circular bulb and four straight ones of varying lengths) and only ten colors (red. which can be bent into any shape he wants. But Nauman isn’t trying to sell us a product. The bulbs offered him a new material for his art. Instead. Neon is bright and eye-catching. But what happens when the lights are switched off? 11 FIVE SHAPES. yellow. ultraviolet. This sculpture gives off a bright white light. Human/Need/Desire.

. be critical. Alopex Stultus.” Lampert loves animals and his art is a reaction to the destructive impact of both humans and machines on nature. Be careful. 2006 Joan Fontcuberta and Pere Formiguera. 1985–88 . and predatory. then cuts and pastes them together by hand to make his machine–animal *collages.. MACHINE ANIMALS Nicolas Lampert selects images from his own library of photocopies. Very Slow. or…a design for the future.. doubt.” Joan Fontcuberta 21 Nicolas Lampert.* He wants his images to look like they might be “a relic from the past. remains the questioning of photographic truth. This would be my advice.. slow. and a praying mantis combined with a crane.Very Tired. and they imagine it having the ability to camouflage itself as a shrub! “The heart [of my work]. a lost scientific manual. His chameleon on a tank is one of a series of fantasy photographs that also includes a stag fused with a train.t 20 BIZARRE BEASTS TAKE A LOOK AT THESE STRANGE CREATURES. Have you ever seen one of these before? It’s unlikely— because Joan Fontcuberta and Pere Formiguera have dreamed up another imaginary creature.. both the chameleon and the tank are armor-plated. WHAT DO YOU THINK THEY COULD BE? Nicolas Lampert’s hybrid beast is part animal. which translates as stupid wolf or fox. Here. part machine. Lampert pairs natural and mechanical forms to show the uncanny similarities between them. They call this beast Alopex Stultus. They have photographically manipulated images to create animals that might be mistaken for specimens from a natural history museum.

or granite. and the black lines here are similar to the thick interlocking shapes he used in his sculpture.” the canvas against a wall and poured down streams of color. the artist Morris THE “UNFURLEDS” Louis made more than one hundred line paintings like this. wood. which doubled as his studio. At the time. What’s the most unusual thing you could imagine covering with stripes? Morris Louis. that make this painting so dramatic. Beta Lambda. In this drawing. and even put his stripes on the outside of famous buildings. As he said. or about as wide as an adult’s hand. not just in art galleries. “my whole work is a journey of discovery in space. Untitled. Louis left a lot of his canvas bare on purpose. but he was famously secretive about his painting technique and nobody knows quite how he did it. so that the bright colors really jump out. so only two were seen in public during the artist’s lifetime. 1966 . steel. Eduardo Chillida. Louis called these paintings the “Unfurleds. Louis leaned for him to completely unfurl the canvases in his dining room. 1966 25 Daniel Buren started making striped artworks in 1966. which he applied to paper with a brush to create a group of chunky lines. But Buren wants his distinctive lines to appear all over the place. It’s the white space. White Acrylic Painting on White and Anthracite Gray Striped Fabric. This painting on white-and-gray-striped cloth sits directly on the gallery floor. He has planted striped rows of tulips. there weren’t many art galleries big enough for them either.t t 24 LINE UP DO YOU THINK THESE COLORFUL LINES ARE LEAPING UP OR FLOWING DOWN? To make this painting. as much as the lines. Chillida is best known for his massive sculptures made from iron. 1961 Daniel Buren. designed striped sails for boats. He made sure the lines didn’t smudge or blur into each other. he used black ink.” The power of this drawing comes from the interplay between the “positive” space of the black lines and the “negative” space of the blank paper. Chillida loved to experiment with solid shapes and empty voids. Almost all of his work features vertical lines of exactly the same width: three-and-a-half inches. such as the Palais Royal in Paris. They were huge—so big that it was impossible The Spanish artist Eduardo Chillida also played with the relationship between lines and the space around them.

he celebrates America’s favorite food with two burgers at nearly double their normal size. including lipsticks and tubes of toothpaste. he transforms and re-imagines them. His clocks make us think about the strong bonds that exist between people who love each other.SEEING DOUBLE CLAES OLDENBURG’S DOUBLE CHEESEBURGER SEEMS GOOD ENOUGH TO EAT—BUT LOOK TWICE! These juicy burgers might appear to be real. Here. but they’re made of thick cloth covered in hard painted plaster. No two batteries are identical. and about how the seconds and minutes of all our lives pass by. but there are already many differences between them. with Everything (Dual Hamburgers). He often experiments with size and materials. as well as what I’m seeing right now. and made her think about how we all change as we grow up. Does this doubling 28 make them more or less appealing? This portrait might make you do a double-take: it’s a photograph of identical twins. Hazleton. Oldenburg is a *Pop artist * who is inspired by popular and commercial culture. 1991 Claes Oldenburg . He took two matching battery-operated clocks and started them at exactly the same time. 1962 Judith Joy Ross. Rather than copying everyday things exactly. How many can you spot? 29 “When I look at somebody I think about their past and what their future could be. Judith Joy Ross took the picture as part of a project she carried out at her old school in Pennsylvania. Going back there reminded her of her own childhood. These two sisters may look alike. Grebey Junior High School. He knew that.” Judith Joy Ross Claes Oldenburg. like the clocks. They were created by REMAKIN G TH E EV ERYDAY Oldenburg has made lots of sculptures based on real objects. Gonzalez-Torres made this work when he found out that his close friend Ross was seriously ill.F. Felix Gonzalez-Torres chose another everyday item to double up. Pennsylvania. Two Cheeseburgers. The Stewart Sisters. “Untitled” (Perfect Lovers). 1992 . so one of the clocks will slow down first and fall out of time with the other. who loves to make soft things in hard materials and hard things in soft materials. Felix Gonzalez-Torres. once even sticking a giant melting ice cream made of steel on top of a German shopping mall. however. he and Ross would eventually fall out of sync. H.

He has taken a popular. Called Flipper. Here. WHAT’S HE PLAYING AT? This is one of a series of tanks Jeff Koons made for an exhibition he called “Equilibrium. Exactly half of each ball is under water. or horses. J. In each case they have either changed the game or broken its rules to create their artworks. he has created his own version of chess. The red. the blue lines have been removed. Jeff Koons. Horses Running Endlessly. and blue geometric pattern copies the design on the pinball machine at his local café. Flipper.” meaning balance. ordinary object—a basketball—and turned it into something extraordinary and worthy of our attention in a museum. 1995 . white. His board is four times the normal size and uses four colors instead of just black and white. so the usual rules of the game have disappeared. Three Ball 50/50 Tank (Two Dr. which Palermo loved to play. Silver Series. and Koons worked with several scientists to achieve this effect. 1970 This pair of *abstract* prints was created by the German artist Blinky Palermo. One Wilson Supershot).PLAYING GAMES JEFF KOONS HAS SUSPENDED THREE BASKETBALLS IN A GLASS CASE HALF FILLED WITH WATER. 53 Gabriel Orozco has made an art out of re-imagining games. 1985 Gabriel Orozco. In the left-hand panel. Orozco has also left out all of the pieces except for the knights. Blinky Palermo. What effect does this have on the artwork as a whole? RULE-BREAKING What’s your favorite game? The artists here were all inspired by a sport or a hobby. inventing a billiard table without pockets and a pingpong game featuring a lily pond. His chessboard is no longer a competitive battlefield but a landscape of the imagination. it takes its name from the German word for pinball.

H LUCIO FONTANA (Italian. clarinet. H MARTÍN AZÚA (Spanish. 1957–96) Famous for: Sculptures made from piles of candy Fascinating fact: Gonzalez-Torres’s father bought him his first set of watercolors when he was six years old. installations. and jazz flute. H JOSEPH B EU YS (German. born 1946) Famous for: Performance art. when the other students had to sing hymns.ARTISTS’ BIOGRAPHIES H LOUISE B OURGEOIS (American. especially her giant spider sculptures Fascinating fact: Bourgeois loved cooking. . 1899–1968) Famous for: Slashed or punctured canvases Fascinating fact: Fontana would often spend days or even weeks looking at a painting before deciding where to make a cut in its surface. H MARTIN KIPPENBERGER (German. 1924–2002) Famous for: Large abstract sculptures made from steel or iron Fascinating fact: As a young man. 1933–96) Famous for: Fluorescent light sculptures and installations Fascinating fact: As a young man. 1911–2010) Famous for: Sculptures and installations. born 1945) Famous for: Turning his walks into art by leaving traces in the landscape or creating texts and sculptures Fascinating fact: Long’s teacher let him paint and draw during assembly. born 1959) Famous for: Conceptual and performance art. ice. and waterfalls Fascinating fact: As a teenager. born 1964) Famous for: Performances that involve her own body. born 1969) Famous for: Collages that combine animals with machines Fascinating fact: Lampert has made a series of artworks called “Meatscapes. Eliasson was in a breakdancing crew that won the Scandinavian championships two years in a row. born 1955) Famous for: Photographs that question the nature of truth and illusion. H JAMES LEE BYARS (American. H FR A NCIS A LŸS (Belgian. video. H CHUCK CLOSE (American. H LEE B ONTECOU (American. which often revolves around walking Fascinating fact: Alÿs once got five hundred volunteers to move an entire sand dune by just a few inches. born 1955) Famous for: Highly polished steel sculptures of inflatable rabbits and balloon dogs Fascinating fact: Koons worked as a banker on Wall Street while he was establishing himself as an artist. born 1952 and Swiss. H JOHN COPL ANS (British. featuring small scenes made with various kinds of sausages and meat. Today. After spending two years in Japan. and objects made from gold. but had to retire because of a knee injury. H ANDREAS GURSKY (German. and started a high school jazz band. 1928–62) Famous for: Paintings made with his trademark blue paint called International Klein Blue Fascinating fact: Klein had a blackbelt in judo and wrote a book about the martial art. and performance art. 1932–97) Famous for: Mysterious performances. born 1940) Famous for: Sculpture. H ROY LICHTENSTEIN (American. born 1955) Famous for: Large-scale. known especially for their film The Way Things Go Fascinating fact: The artists’ first collaboration was a series of photographs called Wurstserie (Sausage Series). 1946–2012) Famous for: Adapting everyday objects to create witty artworks. concrete. 1928–94) Famous for: Minimalist sculptures in metal. H JA NIN E AN TO NI (Bahamian. H JOHN CHAMBERL AIN (American. H DAMIEN HIRST (British. born 1967) Famous for: Artworks that re-create natural phenomena such as rainbows. H CHRIS BURDEN (American. and apartment buildings Fascinating fact: Gursky’s parents were both professional photographers and taught him the basics of photography when he was a young boy. H NICOL AS L AMPERT (American. including sculpting portraits of herself from chocolate and soap Fascinating fact: Antoni spent her childhood in Freeport in the Bahamas where she loved to make sandcastles on the beach. often in the shape of cubes or rectangles Fascinating fact: Judd was obsessed by cacti and every time he moved apartment his desert plants came with him. and hundreds of fake Picasso paintings. 1924–76) Famous for: Artworks made using eggs and mussel shells Fascinating fact: Broodthaers once interviewed a cat about its views on contemporary art. bubble-filled swimming medal. to see how they changed as they grew older. born 1952) Famous for: Photographs of his family and friends Fascinating fact: One of Formiguera’s projects involved taking photographs of more than thirty people once a month for ten years. H D ONALD JUDD (American. H PETER FISCHLI AND DAVID WEISS (Swiss. from the pyramids in Egypt to the American Wild West. H PERE FORMIGUERA (Spanish. Celmins surrounds herself with the flowers to remind her of her mother. particularly his selfportraits Fascinating fact: Kippenberger’s favorite food was noodles and he included them in lots of his paintings and drawings. stock exchanges. and spiders’ webs Fascinating fact: When Celmins was young. H EDUARD O CHILLIDA (Spanish. H JOAN FONTCUBERTA (Spanish. born Cuba. 56 57 H DANIEL BUREN (French. H VIJA CELMINS (American. H OL AFUR ELIASS ON (Danish. a cow with six legs. born 1965) Famous for: Sculptures featuring animals in glass tanks suspended in formaldehyde. H JEFF KO ONS ( American. the sea. H MARCEL BRO ODTHAERS (Belgian. and stone Fascinating fact: Byars often dressed in a gold suit and top hat. New York. and Plexiglas. glass. H DAN FL AVIN (American.” or prosopagnosia. 1953–97) Famous for: A rebellious attitude and provocative artworks. born France. he has also bought totem poles. born 1938) Famous for: Striped artworks Fascinating fact: Buren has designed striped scarves for the French fashion house Hermès. 1920–2003) Famous for: Black-and-white photographs of his own naked body Fascinating fact: Coplans was a fighter pilot during the Second World War. 1923–97) Famous for: Pop art paintings that reproduce comic book images using small dots of paint Fascinating fact: Lichtenstein was a gifted musician—he played piano. 1927–2011) Famous for: Sculptures made from crushed cars Fascinating fact: Chamberlain trained as a hairdresser and makeup artist before becoming a sculptor. a felt hat. steam. where he finds it impossible to recognize people’s faces. and a fishing vest. he even set up his own judo club in Paris. H VITO ACCONCI (American. 1921–86) Famous for: Installations using fat and felt Fascinating fact: Beuys almost always wore the same outfit: jeans. especially his pickled tiger shark Fascinating fact: Hirst is a compulsive collector—alongside a huge number of contemporary artworks. H FELIX GONZALEZ-TORRES (American. born 1931) Famous for: Wall-mounted sculptures made from welded steel frames and found objects Fascinating fact: Bontecou’s father and uncle invented the world’s first aluminum canoe. especially his images of fictitious hybrid animals Fascinating fact: Fontcuberta has no formal training as an artist and started his career in advertising.” featuring enormous pieces of meat placed in a variety of locations. including a transparent. H YVES KLEIN (French. and one of her favorite foods was oxtail stew. Peru. Flavin was a guard and elevator operator at The Museum of Modern Art. especially his early work that placed him in extreme physical danger Fascinating fact: Burden created a performance piece while in college which involved him spending five days and nights inside a gym locker. plywood. highly detailed photographs of supermarkets. Chillida was the goalkeeper for the Spanish soccer team Real Sociedad. especially an early performance piece in which he followed strangers through the streets of New York Fascinating fact: Acconci’s father made bathrobes for a living. skulls. born 1965) Famous for: Ingenious environmental designs Fascinating fact: Azúa designed the medals for the 2003 World Swimming Championships. born Latvia 1938) Famous for: Detailed paintings and drawings of the night sky. H RICHARD LONG (British. in the desert outside Lima. born 1940) Famous for: Large-scale portraits based on photographs Fascinating fact: Close has a condition known as “face blindness. her mother drew a picture of a pansy for her.

Zeisler Bequest (by exchange). 53 blue 8. 39 magazine cutouts 39 map pins 39 marble 6. 13. Richard 18. Martin. Courtesy McKee Gallery. 42. Anna Maria 47. Speyer. Cy 14. John 50. 71 1⁄2" x 29 1⁄2" x 13 1⁄2" Blanchette Hooker Rockefeller Fund Bequest. enamel. Wisconsin. Anna Marie and Robert F. NY and DACS. 58 3⁄8" x 58 7⁄8" Philip Johnson Fund. 10 Fontana. 14 62 L Lampert. 47 right Lee Bontecou. 41 Vija Celmins. 45 Ryman. Speyer. New York p. Courtesy The Pace Gallery. light. Marron Funds. paint on wall. twelve units. two cameras. 31 left Robert Ryman. 29 above Felix Gonzalez-Torres. 48 Donald Judd. 1964 Fluorescent lights and metal fixtures. Joseph 26. 24. © Bridget Riley 2012. 18 7⁄8" x 28 1⁄8" x 1 1⁄4". 43 above Peter Fischli and David Weiss. 2006 Digital print. 43. wire mesh. 25 right Eduardo Chillida. 1991 Clocks. 53 black 25. 36 slate 18 soot 47 steel 15. Courtesy the artist and Luhring Augustine. model railroad trains and tracks. Photo Kate Keller. 51 assemblage 34 Azúa. and iron plate. © 2012 Agnes Martin / DACS p. Flipper. and pencil on polished stainless steel.1 Atsuko Tanaka. 19. Photo Jonathan Muzikar. Copenhagen. New York p. 1985–88 One from a series of gelatin silver prints and ink with watercolor on paper. 1994 Oil on canvas and synthetic polymer paint on sheet metal. fifteen televisions. Francis 2–3. 8' 3⁄8" x 25 7⁄8" x 8 5⁄8" Gift of the Niki Charitable Art Foundation. 15. Courtesy David Zwirner. Sally and Wynn Kramarsky. 27. The Table of Perfect. Leon Black. Man with Yellow Pants. 19 left Damien Hirst. Thayer Fund. 23 right Agnes Martin. Edition 90 Walter Bareiss Fund and Sarah C. Achrome. 15. Photo John Wronn. 54 E Eliasson. and DACS. London 2012 p. Do Ho 44. Shapiro. 31. John 4. John 15 Celmins. 28. Broida in honor of David and Renee McKee. 51 park benches 37 pianos 15 pine needles 18 plaster 28. 45. 53 above Blinky Palermo. 13 1⁄8" x 16 7⁄8" Gift of Peter MacGill. Friendship. medium panel by Emilio Rivera 36" x 28 1⁄8". Milwaukee. 43 shape 7. 47 left Anna Maria Maiolino. NY. 1970 Multiple of felt. 47 cardboard 33 cars 6. All rights reserved. Robert 31. cement. 40. steel. 30 Marcel Broodthaers. composition (each) 10 9⁄16" x 18 1⁄8". Photo Paige Knight. 39 fat 26 felt 15. White Light. and three basketballs. Hazleton. 51 paper 8. Gabriel 53. 18 Richard Long.] clay 31 clocks 29 cloth 25. Courtesy Maureen Paley. 1964 Synthetic polymer paint on canvas. 54 Segal. Prince Amongst Thieves. sheet (each) 33 3⁄4" x 25 15⁄16". 8' 7 3⁄8" x 13' 4 1⁄4" Gift of Mrs Abner Brenner. © The Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts / ARS. 24 Morris Louis. © ARS. New York / DACS. © 2012 Lee Bontecou p. 60 5⁄8" x 48 3⁄4" x 13 1⁄4" Gift of Werner and Elaine Dannheisser. 48 boxes 48 circles 17. bus parts including coin box. 32 Andreas Gursky. 1968 Synthetic polymer paint on paper. 1962 Fiberglass on velvet-covered wood. 1966 Screenprint. Dimensions are given in inches (and feet. 35 Fontcuberta. resin. Marie-Josée and Henry R. Stuttgart. Courtesy Acconci Studio p. Richard 43. 10–11. © Ed Ruscha p. medium panel by Emilio Rivera 36" x 28 1⁄8". 1992 Gelatin silver printing-out-paper print. and wires. Antoni 45. 30. 23. Self-Portrait. in some cases this has not proved possible. 1969 Chocolate and steel. 1961 Welded steel. Munich. Cullman in honor of Chess in the Schools. Dieter 39. Anna Marie and Robert F. Rachel 54. Essex. 23 left Martín Azúa. London 2012 p. Photo Thomas Griesel. 30 Burden. 47 stickers 45 stones 18. Basel on the Rhine. 9' x 6' 8" x 43" Gift of Mr and Mrs Robert C. 1961 Oil on paper on wood. The colour spectrum series. Epstein Fund. large panel by Juan Garcia 47 1⁄4" x 36" Gift of Eileen and Peter Norton. 29 Roth. Unpublished state. 53 yellow 10 conceptual artist 40 Coplans. Publisher Galerie René Block. Photo John Wronn. 9' 10 7⁄8" x 7' 2 1⁄2" Acquired in honor of Robert B. Niki de 34. composition 19 1⁄8" x 32 1⁄16". 53 silver 23 ultraviolet 10 violet 9 white 10. Vija 41. 26. Peter and Weiss. London 2012 p. and soot. 46 Chris Burden. Munich / New York. metal seat. 14 Cy Twombly. Lucio 35. Morris 24. 25. Licensed by VAGA. 20 Lichtenstein. Menschel through the generosity of Agnes Gund. © Dieter Roth Estate. 9 3⁄4" x 7 11⁄16" Gift of Patricia Lawrence. Edition 20 Ann and Lee Fensterstock Fund. three panels. Photo Thomas Griesel. Scull and purchase. White Acrylic Painting on White and Anthracite Gray Striped Fabric. Lauder. 30. the Action of the World on Things. canvas. 33 red 9. Girl with Ball. 6' 8 1⁄4" x 7' 5" x 34 3⁄4" Kay Sage Tanguy Fund. 18. Courtesy Andrea Rosen Gallery. Photo John Wronn. 31 Martin. 54 scrap metal 39 seesaws 43 [materials cont. 39. installed vertically with 9" intervals Helen Acheson Bequest (by exchange) and gift of Joseph Helman. oil. Printer Atelier Laube. Marlene Hess and Jim Zirin. Printer Harlan & Weaver. 1985 Glass. 27" x 27" Purchase. Doormat: Welcome. 25 left Daniel Buren. 47 Buren. 8. 39 Ruscha. height before width before depth. Photo John Wronn. © The John Coplans Trust p. Emily and Jerry Spiegel. Courtesy Pace/MacGill Gallery. London 2012 p. 1962 Plaster over cheesecloth. 28 conveyor belts 47 cotton padding 31 crayon 14 cups 43 diner counter 37 eggs/eggshells 7. Judith Joy 29. 22–23 gray 14. Bartos. 28 Op art 13 Orozco. ARS. 39 left Dieter Roth. 6' 6" x 50 1⁄2" Gift of Mr and Mrs Arthur Wiesenberger. The Judith Rothschild Foundation. sheet 20 1⁄16" x 22 13⁄16". 19. Photo David Allison. Pennsylvania. Yves 8. The Edward John Noble Foundation. Chuck 17. Fabricator unknown. 2002 One from a portfolio of twenty-three etching. 33. © 2012 Estate of Nam June Paik p. Early state before the edition of 100 Gift of the artist. 1960 Slashed canvas and gauze. 27. 24. London / VAGA. 1962 Burlap soaked in plaster. Flugzeug II (Airplane II). 23 materials 28. 21 Formiguera. and Donald B. canvas. 53 T Tanaka. 25. Gerhard 33. Louise 55. Publisher Niels Borch Jensen Verlag and Galerie. 13. Photo Thomas Griesel. London. 17 Chuck Close. 27 Vito Acconci. Bed #1. 15 multimedia artist 45 Muntadas. Bridget 13. Buraco Preto (Black Hole) from the series “Os Buracos/Desenhos Objetos” (Holes/Drawing Objects). 2–3 Francis Alÿs. 27 Alÿs. Anthropometry: Princess Helena. 1997 Etching. Michael and Judy Ovitz. 19 Louis. Photo Thomas Griesel. © 2012 Robert Ryman / DACS. 43 below Richard Serra. 1998. map pins. 49. Elliot Fund. Volume 1. Donald 48. © Chuck Close. 40. 50. 8' 4" x 8' 9" x 48". 1966 Ink on paper. 23. 30–31.] shirts 36 shoes 34. overall 16 13⁄16" x 14 7⁄8" Lois and Bruce Zenkel Fund. © Louise Bourgeois Trust / DACS. Courtesy Gallery Sprueth/Magers © DACS. the estate of William S. 18. 17 Whiteread. 13 Pop artist 28 print 9. Adjustable Wall Bra. 24 studio assistant 14 Suh. London 2012 p. 8' x 6' Mimi and Peter Haas Fund. clothing. DACS 2012 p. plastic bags. 47 Manzoni. Courtesy Marian Goodman Gallery. Printer: Löw Siebdruck. 31. Kravis. 8–9. London p. where specified). 10. Untitled. overall 14" x 28" x 2 3⁄4" Gift of the Dannheisser Foundation. 53 pattern 33. 48 grids 23. 39. One Ton Prop (House of Cards). 24–25. 24. Untitled (Mattress). To Fix the Image in Memory. Volume 1. Robert and Meryl Meltzer. 22 I installation 6. 47 crosses 18 cubes 22. Very Slow. 8. 1967 Lacquer on galvanized iron. 7" x 14 3⁄4" x 8 5⁄8" Philip Johnson Fund. © The Estate of Roy Lichtenstein / DACS 2012 p. Shooting Painting American Embassy. 51 W Warhol. Untitled. © Hirst Holdings Limited and Damien Hirst. 48 spirals 18 stripes 25 triangles 17 studio 19. Tatlin. 14. London 2012 p. Barnett 42. J. 8' 10 1⁄4" diameter Gift of the Dannheisser Foundation. 1991 Plaster. 45 above Ed Ruscha. 16 Gillian Wearing. Roy 13. 31 V video art 6. 47 aluminum 36 asphalt 33 balloons 43 bandages 37 basketballs 52 bread rolls 31 bronze 6. David Weiss. and the Speyer Family Foundation. 41. © ADAGP. 47 Bourgeois. four plates. Essex. and purchase. Powers Fund. 47. 9 Olafur Eliasson. Publisher Nicolas Lampert. paper collage. 14. 31. 53 below Gabriel Orozco. and Aaron Fleischman. Campbell’s Soup Cans. one electric light and light bulb. 21 Joan Fontcuberta and Pere Formiguera. 47. 45. gift of Margot Paul Ernst. sheet 35 7⁄8" x 27 1⁄2" The Associates Fund. 54 rabbit skin 31 ramps 43 rawhide 47 resin 54 rocks 47 rubber 44. Various publishers. © The Felix Gonzalez-Torres Foundation. © Lucio Fontana / SIAE / DACS. Photo John Wronn. 39 elephant dung 6. © ARS. 28. 31 1⁄2" x 31 1⁄2" x 1 3⁄4" Barbara Jakobson Fund and Jeanne C. Printer Niels Borch Jensen Værksted for Koppertryk. 49 Palermo. Untitled. 19 right Atsuko Tanaka. 11. Paris and DACS. Photo Peter Butler.F. Nam June 15. Jerry I. 37. 31 right Piero Manzoni. and Jo Carole Lauder. Andy 49. 39 U urban interventions 45 R Richter. © Peter Fischli. over wood and cinder blocks. 50 John Coplans. 14. Courtesy Hauser & Wirth p. 52 C Cage. 17. toy gun. London 2012 p. 5 Damien Hirst. 19. London 2012 p. Lauder. 45. overall installation dimensions variable. New York 2012 While every effort has been made to trace the copyright holders of the images contained in this book. 21 A Abstract Expressionist 13 Acconci. four stickers. bullet. axe.PICTURE CREDITS All works are from the collection of The Museum of Modern Art. 1992 Cast aluminum. 1970 Oil-based house paint and crayon on canvas. Lieberman. painted steel. Classico 5. 39 cement 47 cheese 39 chocolate 6. OOF. Robert 15. the Action of the World on Things. Round from In a Spin. © 1962 Claes Oldenburg p. 52 Jeff Koons. plaster. Nicolas 20. Marcel 30. 15. 26 Bontecou. 11 Newman. You Should Be Ashamed of Yourself. © ADAGP. 19. 18–19. 37. each 9" x 40" x 31". 1969 (refabricated 1986) Lead antimony. 1964 Synthetic polymer paint on canvas. Alopex Stultus. 43. Various editions The Associates Fund. 25. each 48" x 48" x 1" Gift of the Grinstein Family. Gerald S. Photo John Wronn. 41 bus seats 37 cabinets 30 candles 43 canvas 13. 33. 48 1⁄4" x 38 1⁄4" The Sidney and Harriet Janis Collection. 15 painting 6. 38 Chris Ofili. Andreas 32. cabinet 33 7⁄8" x 32 1⁄4" x 24 1⁄2". The Bus Driver. 36. 25. The Publisher welcomes hearing from any copyright holders who have not been notified and would be pleased to insert the appropriate acknowledgment in any subsequent edition of this book. Inc. oil. Janine 51. 1987 16mm film transferred to video. Eduardo 25. 10 Dan Flavin. 2003 Framed chromogenic color print. 37 Serra. overall 7' 5" x 51 5⁄8" x 6' 4 3⁄4" Philip Johnson Fund. 19 techniques/tools blades 35 brushes 13. 41 Chamberlain. 28 Claes Oldenburg. Human/Need/Desire. On Translation: Warning. © Gerhard Richter 2012 p. Untitled. Horses Running Endlessly. 19. the Louis and Bessie Adler Foundation. George 37. overall 69 7⁄8" x 28 1⁄8" x 5 5⁄16" (irregular). H. Courtesy Matthew Marks Gallery. 23 G Gonzales-Torres. Bryant. 19. Chris 38. 45 D drawing 6. 25 Close. © DACS 2012 p. © The George and Helen Segal Foundation / DACS. London p. Anna Marie and Robert F. Photo John Wronn. Courtesy Gagosian Gallery p. NY and DACS. Scull and purchase. 40 Antoni. Martin 36. © Nicolas Lampert 2012 p. © Estate Martin Kippenberger. 39 1⁄2" x 31 5⁄8" Gift of Philip Johnson. 1995 Wood. Publisher Galerie Rottloff. London 2012 p. © DACS 2012 p. © Richard Long. 25. 55 Louise Bourgeois. © Judd Foundation. 25 green 9. 44 Surrealist art 30 Page numbers in bold refer to illustrations Flavin. 32" x 25 1⁄2" x 10 3⁄8" Nina and Gordon Bunshaft Bequest. 48 orange 9 pink 10. 1994 Oil on canvas and synthetic polymer paint on sheet metal. Chris 46. Spatial Concept: Expectations. and purchase. © 1961 Morris Louis p. Untitled (Stack). Photo John Wronn. 10' 11 1⁄4" x 7' 4 3⁄4" John G. plastic. 1964 Synthetic polymer paint on composition board. NY and DACS. Publisher Galerie Heiner Friedrich. 33. Untitled. Claes 28. NY and DACS. 10. New York / DACS. 17. © Olafur Eliasson p. NY and DACS. 1974 Torn paper. 33 Gerhard Richter. 39. 1954 Oil. Very Tired. Photo Thomas Griesel. 37. 1963 Incised gold leaf and gesso on canvas. © Fondazione PistolettoCittadellarte. New York. 14. 37 left George Segal. plate 16 3⁄8" x 19 3⁄4". 29. sheet 24" x 33 7⁄8". 1962 Synthetic polymer paint on thirty-two canvases. Leila and Melville Straus. Olafur 9. New York p. 39 3⁄8" x 27 5⁄8" The Joan and Lester Avnet Collection. one poster. aquatint. 19. 30. and eggshells. 24' 7 1⁄4" x 10' 5 1⁄2" x 10' 5 1⁄2" Given anonymously. 33 Riley. 1989 Gold leaf on white marble. steering wheel. 39 1⁄4" x 39 1⁄4" x 39 1⁄4" Committee on Painting and Sculpture Funds. 14' diameter Gift of Sid and Mercedes Bass. Bass Fund and purchase. 31 lines 7. 31. 44 Do Ho Suh. copper wire. 7' 10 3⁄8" x 70 1⁄2" x 25 3⁄4" Gift of Emily and Jerry Spiegel. 33 iron 25 jeans 36 ladders 43 lead 43 light 7. © ARS. 1961 Oil on canvas. 49 Wearing. 35. and other objects on wood. painted with enamel. London 2012 p. 1966 Synthetic polymer paint on striped cotton fabric. 40 Francis Alÿs. Photo Daniel Riera p. distilled water. 10' 11 1⁄4" x 7' 4 3⁄4" John G. Sharon Percy Rockefeller. Self Portrait. Printer Prime Digital Media. 24 63 P Paik. Jackson 12. Powers Fund. 2005 Series of forty-eight photogravures. London 2012 p. Biella p. black fabric. New Berlin. 6' 6 3⁄4" x 6' 6 3⁄4" x 6' 6 3⁄4" Gift of Martín Azúa. © Hirst Holdings Limited and Damien Hirst. 18. Alexandra Herzan Fund. NY and DACS. 10. 48 J Judd. 37 right Michelangelo Pistoletto. Medusa’s Head. Mrs. 41 street signs 37 suits 26 tables 30 television screens 15 tires 43 toy guns 34 watercolors 49 wood 18. 1963–69 Cor-Ten steel. Jerry I. Current. London p. 29 3⁄4" x 30" Purchase. 8' 6" x 7' Gift of Agnes Gund. New York p. shoe. 55 M Maiolino. The Stewart Sisters. 1999 Synthetic polymer paint. 43 Fischli. 53. Bahrain I. All Rights Reserved. and Michael and Judy Ovitz Funds. composition and sheet (each): various dimensions. © DACS 2012 p. 29 Gursky. 1965 Painted cabinet. Donald L. 8. Edition 18 Riva Castleman Endowment Fund. Galerie Gisela Capitain. rawhide. p. 9. 34. 22 mascara 51 masking tape 31 mattresses 43 metal plates 43 metal seats 34 mirrors 37 model railroad trains 39. sheet (each) 13 9⁄16" x 17 15⁄16". Photo Thomas Griesel. sheet 35 7⁄8" x 27 1⁄2" The Associates Fund. 1962 (reworked 1963) Oil on canvas. 51 photography 6. 13. Courtesy Karsten Schubert. 47 neon 11 oil drums 43 paint 6. 22 James Lee Byars. All rights reserved. New York 2012 p. 13' 9" x 17' 4" x 13' 6" Sid R. Photo Mali Olatunji. Kilkenny Circle. 15 left Robert Morris. 1984 Stones. 53 performance 6. 20 Nicolas Lampert. Photo Thomas Griesel. an anonymous donor. 11 Bruce Nauman. and drypoints. 12" x 6' 2" x 54" Gift of Agnes Gund. New York p. composition (each approx. and purchase. Jeff 52. 9 . driver’s seat. “monument” 1 for V. 21. 19 B Beuys. 34 screenprint 33 sculpture 6. 1961 Paint. The Way Things Go. David 43. 37 Pollock. metal can. Ed 45. 53 gold. 7' 5 3⁄4" x 6' 5 5⁄8" Nina and Gordon Bunshaft Bequest and the Philip L. 10. 35. Pere 21. White Cabinet and White Table. 13 Ross. 1999–present From a portfolio of twelve examples of ephemeral print projects including one newspaper. Goodwin Collection Funds (both by exchange). 54 Rachel Whiteread. 2005 Chromogenic color print. Atsuko 1. Cologne p. Photo Stephen White p. 1997 Oil on canvas. Ronald S. 71 1⁄2" x 67" Gift of Agnes Gund. 1990–91 Plaster. 45 below Antoni Muntadas. 6' 6 7⁄8" x 39 3⁄8" Blanchette Hooker Rockefeller Fund. Photo Jonathan Muzikar. © Rachel Whiteread p. 9' x 6' 8" x 43" Gift of Mr and Mrs Robert C. Broken Obelisk. 18. London / VAGA. Photo Thomas Griesel. Daniel 25. 19. dimensions variable Gift of Edward R. Piero 31. Untitled. Two Cheeseburgers. Shapiro. 60 1⁄4" x 36 1⁄4" Gift of Philip Johnson. Felt Suit. and drypoints. 13 Long. Courtesy David Zwirner. Photo Paige Knight. eleven pairs. Lee 47. polyester glitter. table 41" x 39 3⁄8" x 15 3⁄4" Fractional and promised gift of Jo Carole and Ronald S. 8' x 23 1⁄8" x 4 1⁄2" Gift of UBS. Paris and DACS. 1961 Synthetic polymer paint on canvas. New York p. three panels. NY and DACS. table. 31 ovals 17 rectangles 31. 1969 Felt. 1998 Multiple of polyurethane rubber. 1960 Automobile parts and other metal. Untitled. New York p. 1970 Screenprint on two sheets. Grebey Junior High School. Photo John Wronn. Blinky 53. aquatint. Courtesy Victoria Miro Gallery. Photo Thomas Griesel. Silver Series. All rights reserved. New York p. 13 left Roy Lichtenstein. 39. 33. 25. 47. Jr. and Virginia Cowles Schroth Fund. DACS 2012 p. and audio equipment. Richard S. 35 Lucio Fontana. Courtesy the artist and Lehmann Maupin Gallery. London 2012 p. 1977–82 Stones and painted bronze. Edition 5 Robert and Anna Marie Shapiro Fund. 45 1⁄2" x 36 1⁄4" Acquired through the generosity of The Contemporary Arts Council of The Museum of Modern Art. “Untitled” (Perfect Lovers). Round from In a Spin. Photo Jonathan Muzikar. 49. 13. Michelangelo 37. 54 eyelashes 51 fabric screen 33 knives 13 “living paintbrushes” 8 needles 19 rollers 8 screwdrivers 19 sponges 8 stencils 33 trowels 13 Twombly. lightbulbs. and elephant dung on canvas. Berlin. wood. overall approx. including laser disc player and lamp Bernhill Fund. 49 Andy Warhol. INDEX F film 26. Germany. Self Portrait at 17 Years Old. © ARS. Marie-Josée and Henry R. © Muntadas p. Jo Carole and Ronald S. Kathy and Richard S. 30. 51 Janine Antoni. 8 Koons. and six exhibition announcements. 31 minutes Purchase. © ARS. Photo David Allison. twine. 2002 One from a portfolio of twenty-three etching. 42 Barnett Newman. Felix 29. 3 3⁄8" x 34 3⁄8" x 34 3⁄8" Gift of Agnes Gund and Lewis B. 25 Minimalist artist 48 Morris. New York. © Anna Maria Maiolino p. © Chris Burden. 34. James Lee 22. Untitled. 8 Yves Klein. sheet 44" x 62 3⁄4". © DACS 2012 p. 4 John Chamberlain.) 31 1⁄2" x 23 5⁄8". 48. 36 Martin Kippenberger. 39 Chillida. 39 right John Chamberlain. Vito 27. Paris and DACS. John Hay Whitney Bequest. 17 collages 20 color 7. two laser disc players. and dashboard. 13' 3 3⁄8" x 21' 1⁄8" Acquired through the Lillie P. © The Pollock-Krasner Foundation. composition (irregular) 31" x 55". 29 below Judith Joy Ross. rock. Beta Lambda. 25 cast/casting 36.. 43 [materials cont. 10. © Do Ho Suh. 1999 Polyester. London 2012 p. 40. © Chris Ofili. © 2012 Ryoji Ito pp. 19. Joan 21. 15 right Nam June Paik. 25 Byars. 1983 Neon tubing and wire with glass tubing suspension frames. 45 S Saint Phalle. © 2012 Ryoji Ito p. 1985 Gelatin silver print. Courtesy the Oldenburg van Bruggen Studio. in varying scales Fund for the Twenty-First Century. 48. Shapiro. 20. Bliss Bequest and The Sidney and Harriet Janis Collection (both by exchange). 50 Pistoletto. Photo John Wronn. Edition unlimited. DACS. © DACS 2012 p. state I. © The Estate of James Lee Byars p. © ARS. London 2012 p. Dan 10. small panel by Francis Alÿs 12 1⁄2" x 10". New York p. 26 Joseph Beuys. Karlsruhe. 33. Into the Corner. Doris and Donald Fisher. 13 right Bridget Riley. 36 Klein. Damien 5. Bruce 11. Edition 100 The Associates Fund. Photo Thomas Griesel. 39. overall 93 1⁄4" x 88 1⁄2" Purchased with funds provided by the Committee on Drawings. 23 granite 25 ink 6. 18. 33. 1964 Paper. Wisconsin. Kravis. with Everything (Dual Hamburgers). © Zabalaga-Leku. © Judith Joy Ross. 55 Broodthaers. Fuld Jr. 6' 3" x 6' 3" Fractional and promised gift of Celeste and Armand P. 27 lightbulbs 10. © Cy Twombly p. 26 fiberglass wool 31 footprints 18 furniture 30 fuse wire 43 glitter 39 gold 22–23 gold leaf 22. Berlin. © Gabriel Orozco. 34. 19. railing. New York p. 35. 1990 Plywood. © ADAGP. Martín 23. Photo Jonathan Muzikar. One Wilson Supershot). 15' 3⁄4" x 6' 1⁄2" x 1" The Gilman Foundation Fund. 12 Jackson Pollock. 1993 Player piano. steel. Germany. 48 N Nauman. 42 K Kippenberger. Agnes 23. London 2012 p. Three Ball 50/50 Tank (Two Dr. drypoint and engraving with watercolor. 41. © Jeff Koons p. Untitled. London 2012 p. 39 Oldenburg. © ARS. 10. ink and pencil additions. Basic House. small panel by Francis Alÿs 12 1⁄2 " x 10". 33 H Hirst. 34 Niki de Saint Phalle. and aluminum paint on canvas. 42. Gillian 16. each canvas 20" x 16" Partial gift of Irving Blum. 50 O Ofili. Butterfly Kisses. large panel by Juan Garcia 47 1⁄4" x 36" Gift of Eileen and Peter Norton. DACS 2012 p. 1996–99 Cover Girl Thick Lash Mascara on paper. 1960 Automobile parts and other metal.

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