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This question paper consists of 50 questions. Answer all the questions. Each question is followed by four options A, B, C and D. Choose the correct answer for every question.

4541/1 KIMIA KERTAS and D. 1 1 jam 15 minit

1 Which of the following scientists discovered rays of electrically neutral subatomic particles? A John Dalton B Niels Bohr C James Chadwick D Ernest Rutherford 2 Diagram 1 shows the atomic symbol of an atom.

5 A volume of carbon dioxide gas that is stored in a container has 0.07 mole of carbon dioxide. What is the number of molecules of carbon dioxide in the container? [Avogadro number = 6.02 1023] A 4.21 1022 CO2 molecules B 4.21 1023 CO2 molecules C 4.21 1024 CO2 molecules D 4.21 1025 CO2 molecules 6 Which of the following statements about the amount of moles are not true? [Relative atomic mass = C, 12; S, 32; H, 1; O, 16] I 30 g of carbon contains 2.6 moles of carbon atoms. II 64 g of sulphur dioxide contains 1 mole of sulphur dioxide molecules. III 40 g of methane gas contains 1.5 moles of methane molecules. IV 170 g of hydrogen sulphide contains 5 moles of hydrogen sulphide molecules. A I and II only C II and III only B I and III only D II and IV only 7 The empirical formula for carbonate of element N is NCO3 and the carbonate contains 30% of carbon and oxygen by mass. What is the relative atomic mass of element N? [Relative atomic mass = C, 12; O, 16] A 70 g C 140 g B 80 g D 160 g 8 Table 1 shows the electron numbers of elements X and Y.

9 What happens after an atom has donated an electron? A The atom will form an ion with a charge of 1. B The proton number of the atom will decrease. C The atom will become an ion. D The nucleon number of the atom increases. 10 What is the electrolyte used in the battery shown in Diagram 3?

11 5

Diagram 1

Which of the following is true about the subatomic particles of element X? Number Number Electron of of arrangement electron valence electron A B C D 5 5 11 11 1 3 1 3 2.8.1 2.3 2.8.1 2.3

Diagram 3

A B C D

Ammonium chloride Sulphuric acid Potassium hydroxide Zinc oxide

11 Diagram 4 shows a voltaic cell. Metal O and metal P are used as the electrodes.

3 The heating curve for naphthalene is shown in Diagram 2.

Diagram 4

Diagram 2

Element Based on the graph, all the naphthalene has completely melted at point A M C O B N D P 4 Why is neon unable to react with oxygen at room temperature? A It is a noble gas. B It has 18 electrons. C It has 40 nucleon numbers. D It has eight electrons in the outermost shell.
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X 3

Y 19

During the reaction, the voltmeter needle deflects from P to O. Which of the following are not possibly be metal P and O? Metal O A B C D Magnesium Aluminium Iron Silver Metal P Copper Zinc Copper Zinc

Electron number
Table 1

Which of the following are true about the elements X and Y? I They are Group 1 elements. II They are good conductors of heat and electricity. III They have low boiling points. IV They are non-metals. A I and II only C II and III only B I and III only D II and IV only
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12 Which of the following are the properties of ceramics?

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I Low melting point. II Able to withstand and tension. III Very hard and strong. IV Inert to chemical reactions. A I and II only B I and III only C II and III only D II and IV only 13 Which of the following are correctly matched? Molecular formula of compound A B C D Na2SO3 NaNO2 NaClO3 HNO3 Oxidation number +3 (for S) +4 (for N) +5 (for Cl) +6 (for N)

17 Ammonia is used as a raw material for the manufacturing of nitric acid in the process called A Haber process. B Ostwald process. C Contact process. D Esterification process. 18 Sulphuric acid is an important chemical used to make other manufactured substances. Which of the following is not the use of sulphuric acid? A To manufacture fertilisers. B To manufacture paint pigments. C As a cleansing agent to remove grease. D As the electrolyte in lead acid accumulators. 19 Which of the following can be used to determine the rate of reaction? A Changes in the mass of the product. B Increase in the volume of gas produced. C Decrease in the height of a product formed per unit time. D Decrease in the mass of the reactant per unit time. 20 What is the type of reaction represented in the equation? Zn (s) + CuSO4 (aq) ZnSO4 (aq) + Cu (s) A Addition B Transfering C Displacement D Oxidation

D have same melting point and boiling point. 23 Diagram 5 shows the structural formula of an organic compound.

Diagram 5

Based on the IUPAC nomenclature, the compound is called A 3, 4, 4- trimethylhex-3-ene B 3, 4, 4- trimethylhex-4-ene C 4 - ethyl, 3- methylhex-3-ene D 4 - ethyl, 3- methylhex-4-ene 24 Diagram 6 shows the distillate X being collected by fractional distillation.

14 200 cm3 of 2.0 mol dm3 silver nitrate solution are mixed with 50 cm3 of 8.0 mol dm3 silver nitrate solution. What is the molarity of the resulting solution? A 3.2 mol dm3 B 6.4 mol dm3 C 2.8 mol dm3 D 5.6 mol dm3 15 The reaction between aqueous ammonia and sulphuric acid is represented by the following equation: 2NH3 + H2SO4 (NH4)2 SO4 Which of the following acids will give the lowest temperature? A 30 cm3 of 3.0 mol dm3 B 30 cm3 of 1.0 mol dm3 C 60 cm3 of 3.0 mol dm3 D 60 cm3 of 1.0 mol dm3 16 Which of the following is the composition of Borosilicate glass? I Silicon dioxide II Boron oxide III Sodium carbonate IV Calcium oxide A I, II and III only B I, III and IV only C II, III and IV only D I, II, III and IV
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Diagram 6

21 200 cm3 of 2 mol dm3 hydrochloric acid react completely with calcium carbonate. If the maximum volume of carbon dioxide is collected in 50 seconds, what is the average rate of reaction in cm3 s1? [1 mole gas occupies 24 dm3 at room temperature] A 0.096 cm3 s1 C 9.6 cm3 s1 B 0.96 cm3 s1 D 96 cm3 s1 22 Butene and decene are members of the same homologous series. The members of the same homologous series A show the same physical characteristics. B have the same physical state at room temperature. C show similar chemical properties.
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Which of the following is a property of distillate X? A Turn lime water milky. B Undergoes complete combustion when it burns in excess air. C It turns damp blue litmus paper red. D Decolourises liquid bromine immediately. 25

Which of the following statements regarding the reaction represented by the above equation is correct? A Cl2 has gain of hydrogen ions. B Cl2 is a reducing agent. C H2S is being reduced. D H2S is an oxidising agent. 26 Which of the following is not matched correctly?

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Type of food additive A Flavouring agent B Stabilizers C Preservative D Antioxidant

Example of food additive Monosodium


glutamate

IV Can form complex ions. A I, II and III only B I, III and IV only C II, III and IV only D I, II, III and IV 30 100 grams of potassium hydroxide powder when dissolved in 1500 cm3 of water increases the temperature of water from 27.2 C to 56.2 C. A rise in temperature to 58 C can be recorded when A 20 grams of potassium hydroxide are dissolved in 150 cm3 of water. B 20 grams of potassium hydroxide are dissolved in 300 cm3 of water. C 30 grams of potassium hydroxide are dissolved in 150 cm3 of water. D 30 grams of potassium hydroxide are dissolved in 300 cm3 of water. 31 Which of the following substances are examples of synthetic polymers? I Amino acids III Elastomer II Isoprene IV Terylene A I and II only C II and III only B I and III only D III and IV only 32 Element P has 52 protons and its nucleon number is 79. Which of the following symbols represent an atom of an isotope P? A B
79 P 52 79 P 53

B Promotes the growth of algae. C They are not effective in hard water. D Produce a lot of foam in water. 35 Diagram 7 shows a group of elements in the Periodic Table of Elements. Which of the following statements about the elements is not correct? He A B C D Ne Ar Kr Xe Rn
Diagram 7

Gelatin Sodium nitrite Azo compound

27 Which of the following diagrams shows the arrangement of atoms in bronze? A

They are chemically inert. They exist as dwiatoms. They are unreactive. They do not need to accept, donate or share electrons with other elements.

36 Table 3 shows the steps involved in the cleaning action of soap and detergent on grease. M Greasy dirt particles are lifted from the layer of cloth. N The arrangement of soap or detergent ions in the greasy layer. O Emulsification of greasy dirt in water as droplets. P On agitation, grease begins to lift off the surface.
Table 3

C D

80 P 52 80 P 53

28 Which of the following shows the oxidation numbers of chlorine? NaClO A B C D +1 +1 1 1 ClO2 +4 +3 +3 +4 HClO4 +7 +6 +6 +7

33 50 cm3 of 0.5 mol dm3 silver nitrate solution is added to 50 cm3 of 0.5 mol dm3 potassium chloride solution. The results are shown in Table 2. The initial temperature of silver nitrate solution = 29.4 C The initial temperature of potassium chloride = 36.2 C The temperature of mixture = 37 C
Table 2

Which of the following is the correct sequence? A NMPO B NPMO C PNMO D PONM 37 Potassium and francium are elements in the same group of the Periodic Table. Why does francium react with oxygen more vigorously than potassium? A Its density is smaller. B It has less electrons. C The valence electron is weaker. D Its metallic bond is stronger. 38 A container contains 2.4 moles of iodine gas. What is the number of atoms of iodine gas in container? [Avogadro number = 6.02 1023] A 1.44 1024 C 5.77 1024 24 B 2.88 10 D 1.15 1025

29 Which of the following are the special properties of transition elements in Periodic Table? I Have variable oxidation numbers. II Can form compounds of different colours. III Have catalytic properties.
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Calculate the heat of precipitation of silver chloride. [Specific heat capacity of water = 4.2 J g1 C1] A 35 kJ mol1 C 70.5 kJ mol1 B 70 kJ mol1 D 141 kJ mol1 34 What is the disadvantage of soap? A They are non-biodegradable.
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4541/1 KIMIA KERTAS and D. 1 1 jam 15 minit

39 Table 4 shows the electron arrangements of four elements. Element W X Y Z


Table 4

Which of the following pairs of electrodes is correct if electrode X become thinner? Electrode X I II III IV Sodium Lead Iron Argentum Electrode Y Copper Aluminium Stanum Potassium

Electron arrangement 1 2.4 2.8.3 2.8.8.6

[Relative atomic mass: Mg, 24; C, 12; O, 16] A 3.36 g B 6.72 g C 13.44 g D 26.88 g 45 Hydrogen peroxide decomposes as represented by the equation: 2H2O2 (aq) 2H2O (l) + O2 (g)
Diagram 11

Which of the following pairs of elements will form covalent bond? A W and X C X and Y B W and Y D Y and Z 40 Diagram 8 shows the electroplating of an iron spoon with copper.

A I and II only C II and III only B I and III only D III and IV only 42 Diagram 10 shows apparatus set-up of heating test for a carbonate salt.

Diagram 11 shows a graph of volume of oxygen produced against time.

Diagram 10

Results shown as below: Salt


Diagram 8

Which point is the maximum volume of oxygen is collected? 46 Diagram 12 shows the reaction between an organic compound X and sodium carbonate. Lime water turns chalky.

Which of the following statements correctly describes the reaction occurred? A The copper dissolves at cathode to form Cu2+ ions. B The iron spoon is plated with copper metal at anode. C Concentration of Cu2+ ions in the electrolyte remains constant. D The intensity of blue colour in solution becomes lighter. 41 Diagram 9 shows a simple voltaic cell.

Colour of Colour of residue salt When When cold before hot heating White Brown Yellow

What is salt X? A CaCO3 B MgCO3 C ZnCO3 D PbCO3 43 Which of the following are the factors that affect the rate of reaction? I Surface area of the product II Concentration of reaction III Temperature of reaction IV Catalyst A I, II and III only B I, II and IV only C II, III and IV only D I, II, III and IV 44 400 cm3 of 0.2 mol dm3 sodium carbonate solution reacts completely with excess magnesium nitrate solution. Calculate the mass of the precipitate produced.
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Diagram 12

Compound X is likely to be A Ethane C Ethanoic Acid B Ethene D Ethanol 47 When excess zinc is added to 250 cm3 of 3 mol dm3 copper(II) sulphate solution, the temperature of mixtures increases from 40 C to 50 C. What is the heat of displacement of copper? [Specific heat capacity water = 4.2 J g1 K1. Density of solution = 1.0 g cm3] A 10.5 kJ mol1 C 21 kJ mol1 B 14 kJ mol1 D 28 kJ mol1

Diagram 9

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4541/1 KIMIA KERTAS and D. 1 1 jam 15 minit

48 Which of the following are the characteristic of unvulcanised rubber? I More number of double bonds. II Lower melting point. III More elastic. IV Easily oxidised by ozone. A I, II and III only B I, II and IV only C II, III and IV only D I, II, III and IV 49 Diagram 13 shows the electron arrangements of atoms for elements M and N.

Y Diagram 14 Diagram 13

Which of the following is not correct about the differences between these two types of cell? X A Electrical energy is converted into chemical energy. B Anode is negative electrode. C A battery is required. Y Chemical energy is converted into electrical energy. Cathode is negative electrode. A battery is not required. Graphite is not used.

Which of the following diagrams shows the electron arrangement for the molecule of the compound M and N? A

D Graphite is usually used.

50 Diagram 14 shows two types of cells.

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4541/2 KIMIA KERTAS 2 2 jam 30 minit

SECTION A [60 marks]


Answer all the questions in this section.

1 Food additives are added in small quantities to food for various purposes and functions. (a) What is food additive?
________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

[1 mark] (b) The following are some types of food additives. State an example for each of the food additives. (i) Flavouring agents:
___________________________________________________

[1 mark] (ii) Write a chemical equation to show the decomposition of zinc carbonate by dilute sulphuric acid.
___________________________________________________

(ii) Preservatives:
___________________________________________________

[1 mark] (c) If 5.0 g of zinc carbonate is used in the experiment, calculate the maximum mass of gas formed. [Relative atomic mass: Zn, 65; O, 16; H, 1 and 1 mole of gas occupies the volume of 24 dm 3 at room temperature and pressure]
________________________________________________________

[2 marks] (c) Besides flavouring, name two other food additives that are most likely to be added in ice cream.
________________________________________________________

[2 marks] (d) (i) Zinc carbonate can be heated. Write an chemical equation for this reaction.
___________________________________________________

[2 marks] (d) Why is vinegar used to preserve food?


________________________________________________________

[1 mark] (ii) What happened to the zinc carbonate when it was heated?
___________________________________________________

[2 marks] (e) State the function of ascorbic acid that is added into biscuit.
________________________________________________________

[1 mark] (e) Give two uses of sodium chloride.


________________________________________________________

[1 mark] (f) Give two health effects caused by antioxidants.


________________________________________________________

[2 marks] 3 Table 1 shows elements of Group 1 in the Periodic Table of Elements and its proton number. Elements Proton number Li 3 Na 11
Table 1

[2 marks] 2 A student carried out an experiment to study the decomposition of zinc carbonate by dilute sulphuric acid. (a) Draw and label the apparatus set-up for the experiment.

K 19

Rb 37

Cs 55

Fr 87

(a) How does the atomic radius change down the group?
________________________________________________________

[1 mark] (b) Which element has the lowest density? [2 marks] (b) (i) Name the gas produced from the decomposition of zinc carbonate by dilute sulphuric acid.
________________________________________________________

[1 mark] (c) What will form when all the elements react with cold water?
________________________________________________________

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4541/1 KIMIA KERTAS and D. 1 1 jam 15 minit

[1 mark] (d) (i) Elements of Group 1 usually have how many valence electrons?
___________________________________________________

[2 marks] (d) What is the change of oxidation number for zinc?


________________________________________________________

[1 mark] (e) State which substance is (i) oxidising agent.


___________________________________________________

[1 mark] (ii) Draw a diagram of electron arrangement for potassium.

(ii) reducing agent.


___________________________________________________

[2 marks] (f) Write an overall equation to represent the above redox reaction. [2 marks] (e) (i) Draw a diagram to show the bonding formed between sodium and chlorine.
________________________________________________________

[1 mark] (g) Give one example of redox reaction other than displacement reaction.
________________________________________________________

[1 mark] 5 Table 2 shows the results obtained from an experiment which is set up to study the effects of other metals on the rusting of iron. Phenolphthalein solution and potassium hexacyanoferrate(III) solution are added as indicators. Test tube Observation Metal Intensity of blue colour Intensity of pink colour Gas bubbles
Table 2

[2 marks] (ii) Explain why ionic compound can conduct electricity in the molten state.
___________________________________________________

[2 marks] 4 Diagram 1 shows the apparatus set-up in experiment to study a redox reaction in terms of displacement reaction.

Fe + Mg Nil High Plenty

Fe + Sn High Low Few

Diagram 1

(a) What are the ions that cause the colour change of phenolphthalein solution?
________________________________________________________

(a) What is the colour of the copper (II) sulphate solution?


________________________________________________________

[1 mark] (b) State two observations of this experiment.


________________________________________________________

[1 mark] (b) Write the ionic equation for the following reactions in: (i) anode of test tube A.
__________________________________________________

[2 marks] (c) Write a half equation to show the change of (i) zinc.
___________________________________________________

(ii) anode of test tube B.


__________________________________________________

(c) Arrange the Fe, Mg and Sn electropositivity in ascending order.

[2 marks] according to

(ii) copper ion.


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[2 marks]
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(d) Give two methods for the prevention of rusting.


________________________________________________________

(a) Why must the mixture in the cup be stirred slowly and continuously?
________________________________________________________

[2 marks] (e) (i) Write the formula for the compound potassium hexacyanoferrate(III).
__________________________________________________

[1 mark] (b) Besides the change in temperature, what else can be observed in this experiment?
________________________________________________________

(ii) What is the purpose of hexacyanoferrate(III) being used?

potassium

__________________________________________________

[2 marks] (f) What is the gas produced in test tube A?


________________________________________________________

[1 mark] (c) Based on the results obtained, name the type of reaction that has occurred.
________________________________________________________

[1 mark] 6 Diagram 2 shows an experiment conducted to determine the heat of displacement of copper by zinc.

[1 mark] (d) Write a chemical equation for the reaction that takes place.
________________________________________________________

[1 mark] (e) Calculate the heat energy released.


________________________________________________________

[2 marks] (f) What is the heat change in the formation of one mole of copper?
________________________________________________________

Diagram 2

The mixture of solution was stirred and its highest temperature was recorded. Table 3 shows the thermometer reading recorded. Initial temperature of copper(II) sulphate solution (C) Highest temperature obtained (C) Increase in temperature (C)
Table 3

[2 marks] (g) Draw an energy level diagram for this reaction.

30.5 37.5 7 [2 marks]

[Density of solution = 1.08 cm3, Specific heat capacity of aqueous solution = 4.2 J g1 C1]

SECTION B [20 marks]


Answer any one question from this section.

7 Diagram 3 shows the apparatus set up for the electrolysis of concentrated sodium chloride solution.

Diagram 3

(a) What can be observed in this experiment? Explain how the products are formed at the electrodes. [11 marks] (b) (i) Describe the process for the extraction of aluminium metal from the mineral bauxite. [7 marks] (ii) What is added into the extraction process to lower the melting point of aluminium oxide? [1 mark] (iii) What is the gas released from the anode? [1 mark]

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4541/1 KIMIA KERTAS and D. 1 1 jam 15 minit

(a)

(i) The following equation shows that platinum is used as a catalyst to produce nitrogen monoxide in Ostwald process. 4NH3 + 5O2 4NO + 6H2O What is the function of the catalyst in this process? [1 mark] (ii) State three characteristics of a catalyst. [3 marks]

(iii) Give three examples of catalyst which are used [6 in industries.


marks]

(b) (i) By referring to the decomposition of zinc by dilute sulphuric acid and with the aid of a labelled diagram of energy profile, explain how the presence of copper(II) sulphate solution as catalyst will increase the rate of reaction. [7 marks] (ii) Give three other factors that affect the rate of reaction. [3 marks]

SECTION C [20 marks]


Answer any one question from this section.

9 (a) What is meant by solubility? [1 mark] (b) (i) State a method of preparing insoluble salts. [1 mark] (ii) Explain how lead(II) chromate(VI) is prepared. [5 marks] (c) Diagram 4 shows an incomplete flow chart for qualitative salt analysis.

(ii) Describe a test to verify the cation. 10 (a) (i) What is a composite material?

[8 marks] [1 mark]

(ii) Superconductor is a type of a composite material. Give all components of superconductor. [3 marks] (iii) Explain why superconductors are used to make electric cables. [2 marks] (b) Describe a Ostwald process and write all the equations. [6 marks] (c) (i) What is the main component of glass and ceramic? [1 mark] (ii) Give three differences in properties between glass and ceramic. [6 marks] (iii) Name one type of glass and state its use in everyday life. [1 mark]

Diagram 4

(i) Describe a test to verify the anion.

[5 marks]

4541/3 KIMIA KERTAS 3 1 jam 30 minit

Answer all the questions.

1 Diagram 1 shows the apparatus set-up in an experiment carried out by a pupil to determine the heat of displacement of copper by iron and zinc, and thermometer readings. 2 g of iron and zinc powder are added separately into two polystyrene cups that contain 50 cm3 0.2 mol dm3 copper(II) sulphate solution. The highest temperature is recorded. Set I Set II

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(f) Write ionic equations to represent the reactions in Set I and Set II. [3 marks] (g) Calculate the heat of displacement of copper by [Heat capacity = 4.2 J g1 C1, density of solution = 1.0 g cm3] (i) iron. (ii) zinc. [3 marks] (h) Based on Set I, give the operation definition for the reaction that takes place. [3 marks] (i) It is noticed that the value of heat of displacement obtained in the laboratory activity is less than actual value. Explain it. [3 marks] (j) Draw energy diagram for Set I. [3 marks]

Initial temperature:_______ Initial temperature:_______

Highest temperature:_____

Highest temperature:_____

Diagram 1

(a) Based on Diagram 1, fill in the readings of the temperatures in given spaces. [3 marks] (b) Construct a table to record all the data obtained. [3 marks] (c) State the variables involved in this experiment. (i) Manipulated variable (ii) Responding variable (iii) Constant variable [3 marks] (d) What other three observations can be made in Set II apart from temperature change? [3 marks] (e) Calculate the number of moles of [Relative atomic mass: Mg, 24; Zn, 65] (i) copper (II) ions. (ii) iron. (iii) zinc.

(k) State three precautions that have to be taken to enhance the accurancy value of heat of displacement obtained. [3 marks] 2 X, Y and Z are elements of Group 1 in the Periodic Table. These elements react with water with different reactivity. Using suitable apparatus and materials, design a laboratory experiment investigate the reactivity of each element above when they react with water. Your planning must include the following aspects: (a) Statement of problem (b) Hypothesis (c) Variables (d) Lists of substances and apparatus (e) Procedure (f) Tabulation of data [17 marks]

[3 marks]

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