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Lateral Earth Pressure I (Das, Ch. 12)

Class Outline

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Introduction: at-rest, active, and passive pressure for retaining structures Earth pressure at-rest Rankine’s theory: Active and Passive Retaining wall with limited height

σv 2) in ice. .Let us start to consider a question: What is the ratio of the horizontal pressure and the vertical pressure? σh K= ?? 1) in water. 3) any difference? 4) which is larger? Extend the discussion on the ratio of the horizontal stress and vertical stress in solids.

25 .1) in water: σh K= =1 σv σh K= <1 σv σh 1 K= ≈ σv 3 if 2) in ice: 3) in rock: ν = 0.

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Basic Concepts on Earth Pressures σ 'a σ 'h ( a ) σ 'o σ 'h ( p ) .

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Earth Pressure at Rest • Coefficient of earth pressure at rest where σ 'h Ko = σ 'o σ’o = γ′z σ’h = Ko(γ′z) γ′ = γsat .γw .

44 + 0.Earth Pressure at Rest (Cont.42 ⎢ ⎥ ⎣ 100 ⎦ K o (OC ) = K o ( NC ) OCR • For overconsolidates clays Pc Where OCR = σ 'o . normally consolidated soils ⎡ PI (%) ⎤ (Massarch.) • For coarse-grained soils K0 = 1 – sin φ’ (Jaky. 1979) K o = 0. 1944) • For correcting K0 due to over consolidation K0 = 1 – sin φ’ (OCR)sinφ’ (Mayne & Kulhawy 1982) * For fine-grained.

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Rankine’s Theory Assumptions The lateral earth pressure coefficients are valid for. Vertical earth retaining wall Smooth wall in which the interface between the wall and soil is frictionless The supported soil is homogeneous and isotropic The soil is loose and originally in an at-rest state Lateral earth pressures must be applied to effective stress Critical slip planes are oriented at 45o ± φ’/2 .

7 .Rankine’s theory of active pressure Figure 12.

we can see the difference is the above equations is expressing the minimum principal stress by the maximum principal stress.Compare these expressions with we’ve learned from equation 11.8 from Chapter 11. .

σ 'a σ 'o .

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Rankine’s Passive Pressures • The coefficient of Rankine’s passive earth pressure. Kp 1 Kp = Ka σ 'h ( p ) 1 + sin φ ' φ' ⎞ ⎛ = = tan 2 ⎜ 45 + ⎟ Kp = σ 'o 1 − sin φ ' 2⎠ ⎝ .

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Lateral Stress due to Compaction • Additional lateral stresses are imposed by the compaction equipment which should be considered while designing retaining walls • Ingold (1979) used elastic theory to estimate these lateral stresses • Some account for this by assuming that the resultant active lateral earth force acts at 0.20) .5H0 rather than H0/3 from the base of the wall • Alternatively. active earth pressures can be multiplied by a factor(~1.4H0 or 0.

12 HW: Problem 12.15 .Reading Assignment: Das. Ch.

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- Civl 6077 - Cover
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UsefulNot usefulAn easy to follow and excellent descirption of Rankine theory

An easy to follow and excellent descirption of Rankine theory

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