septic tank calculation

References: (1) - Inhouse water supply - Design standard (TCVN 4513 - 88) (2) - Inhouse water drainage - Design standard (TCVN 4474 - 87) (3) - Uniform Plumbing Code, issued together with decision No.47/1999/Q§-BXD dated 21th December 1999 of Ministry of Construction . (4) - Water supply handbook. NXB KHKT 1998 . TrÇn HiÕu NhuÖ, TrÇn §øc H¹, §ç H¶i, ¦ng Quèc Dòng, NguyÔn V¨n TÝn. (5) - Preliminary architect design drawing. I. Septic tank calculation: Septic tank capacity were calculated base on the assumption that it will be cleaned every 6 months (about 180 days). According to sub-item 25.1.1, page 311, document (4) Water flow rate for calculation of septic tank base on following formular : QN = qng x N (l/day) Where: QN : Design drainage water flow rate (l/day) qng : Water supply flow rate for 1 person/day. For factory, qng = 25 (l/day.person). According to sub-item 1.2 page 7, document (4) N : Number of people working in 1 day. N = 2shift x 236 = 472 person Then: QN = 25 x 472 = 11.800 (l/day) = 11.8 m3/day. Total volume of the septic tank base on formular: W = Wn + Wc (m3) Where: Wn : Water volume of the septic tank, equal to 1.5 times the daily water drain (m3). Wc : Solid volume of the septic tank (m3) Wc = [a.T.(100-N1).b.c].N / [(100-W2).1000] a : Solid (amount of seed) from 1 person/day, equal to 0.6 l/day.person. T : Cleaning interval, T = 180 days. W1 : Water content ratio of the raw solid, W1 = 95% W2 : Water content ratio of the treated solid, W2 = 90% b : Factor taking into account the reduction of the solid volume after treated, b = 0.7.

8 + 21. table K3. for single kitchen. for drainage water from single kitchen.Water volume of the grease trap base on formular: Wn = N1 . K (m3) As per sub-item K. Annex K. as per ssub-item 7. K : Utiilization factor of the building. a1 . Result of caculation are as follows: (We considered to typicalize the tank) + WC1 near G.L 10-11: W1 = 10 (m3) + WC2 near G.L 5-6: W2 = 10 (m3) + WC3. t . t : Number of hour water will stay in the tank.4 for 1st & 2nd floor office: W3. Then: W = 1. c = 1. N = 472 person.5 h. Calculation for grease trap . document (3).606 (m3) . + 1 storage + 2 drainage II. a1 = 19 l/person. t = 1.4 = 15 (m3) + WC5 near Canteen: W5 = 6 (m3) Each septic tank comprises of 3 compartments compartment compartments All septic tanks to be located outdoor.2 N : Number of people.1 (m3) Volume of the septic tank at each toilet depend on the number of WC of that toilet on total number of WC in the whole factory.4 = 39.c : Factor taking into account the left-behind volume of the solid after clean. document (3) Where: N1 : Number of people having meal in 1 shift.5 Then Wn = 0. N1 = 340 person (considered for phase 2 and phase 3) a1 : Drainage water flowrate.5x11.10. K = 1.

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