M2000

Contents

Contents
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1 Network Monitoring Management ………..…………….… 1

M2000

HUAWEI Confidential

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Network Monitoring Management

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Ltd.com Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. 1 Page1 .huawei. All rights reserved.www. z Upon completion of this course... you will be able to: ‡ Master how to perform the network monitoring Master how to perform fault management ‡ Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved.

Page2 1. Alarm processing 3. All rights reserved. 2 Page3 ..z M2000 Operator Guide Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co. NE alarm Setting 4. Basic concept 2.. Ltd. Ltd. System monitoring Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved.

z Fault Alarm ‡ It has the occurrence time and clearance time z Event Alarm ‡ It has the occurrence time but no clearance time Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co.. Page5 z Major ‡ z Minor ‡ z Warning ‡ Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. 3 . All rights reserved. The QoS of the device or resource may be affected. Proper measures must be taken. The Quality of Service (QoS) of the device or resource decreases greatly. Proper measures must be taken or further observation need to be done to avoid more severe faults. Proper measures must be taken to recover the service.. All rights reserved. Ltd. The QoS of the device or resource decreases slightly. Page4 z Critical ‡ The device or resource may be no longer available. The fault must be removed immediately.

Page6 z There are four tables in the alarm database (fmdb) to store the alarms: ‡ Table of current faulty alarms: tbl_cur_alm Table of History faulty alarms: tbl_his_alm Event alarm table: tbl_event Mask alarm table: tbl_mask_alm ‡ ‡ ‡ Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co. The alarms of most NEs are reported through port 6001.. 4 Page7 . All rights reserved. Ltd. Ltd. All rights reserved. Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co..z z All the alarms of the NEs are reported actively to the M2000.

. All rights reserved.000 alarms.000. 5 Page9 . Table tbl_event can hold a maximum of 2. it checks whether the alarm tables reaches their upper limit every 83 seconds (default value). z If the alarm service is running.000 alarms. Table tbl_his_alm can hold a maximum of 2. Ltd. All rights reserved. Ltd.NE Alarm Correlation Fault alarm Event alarm fmdb abandon tbl_cur_alm tbl_his_alm tbl_event tbl_mask_alm AcknowIedged & Cleared file Auto displace file Page8 Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co. Table tbl_mask_alm can hold a maximum of 200. ‡ Table tbl_cur_alm can hold a maximum of 100.000 alarms.000.000 alarms.. ‡ ‡ ‡ Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co.

It displaces the earliest cleared and unacknowledged alarms in priority according to the occurrence time of the alarms .. Table tbl_event displaces the earliest 20% of the alarms to files according to the occurrence time of the alarms and deletes them from the table.000 alarms forcibly to history table. it then displaces the earliest uncleared and unacknowledged alarms.000 alarms from the table directly. If the alarms are less than 10. Page10 „ „ „ Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. z Components which can only receive fault alarms: ‡ Alarm Board. All rights reserved.‡ When surpass the upper limit „ Table tbl_cur_alm displaces 10. Topology Alarm Box z Components which can receive both fault and event alarms ‡ Speaker Topo Alarm Board Alarm message Alarm Box Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. Table tbl_his_alm displaces the earliest 20% of the alarms to files according to the occurrence time of the alarms and deletes them from the table. It deletes the earliest 100.. Speaker. Table tbl_mask_alm does not displace the alarms to the files. All rights reserved. 6 Page11 .000.

7 Page13 . All rights reserved. Ltd.. System monitoring Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co. Basic concept 2. Ltd. Page12 Browse the latest 1000 alarms in real time Query Statistics fmdb tbl_cur_alm tbl_his_alm tbl_event tbl_mask_alm Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co.. Alarm processing 3.1. All rights reserved. NE alarm Setting 4.

. Ltd. All rights reserved..Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. All rights reserved. Page14 Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co. 8 Page15 .

. Ltd. 9 Page17 .Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co. Page16 Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. All rights reserved. All rights reserved..

10 Page19 . All the alarms are auto synchronized when the UMTS NE is created. Ltd..z Modify the alarm information and show some necessary columns as required. „ ‡ Manual alarm synchronization „ Only the active alarms. will be synchronized. Page18 z Includes Auto and Manual alarm synchronization ‡ Auto alarm synchronization „ All the alarms are auto synchronized when the NE is reconnected. All rights reserved. Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co. which are uncleared fault alarms. Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved.. All the active alarms are auto synchronized when the G/C NE is created. Ltd.

All rights reserved. Page20 z Use the function to locate the NE that raises the alarm by the alarm record. All rights reserved... Ltd. Ltd. 11 Page21 . Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co.Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co.

Ltd. All rights reserved.z Manually clear the alarms that cannot be recovered automatically or that are confirmed to be cleared.. All rights reserved. Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co.. 12 Page23 . Ltd. Page22 Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co.

Ltd. Page24 Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co.Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved.. All rights reserved.. Ltd. 13 Page25 .

All rights reserved. Page26 Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved.. Ltd.. 14 Page27 . Ltd.Alarm Filter M2000 NE Discard Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co.

15 Page29 . All rights reserved. Ltd.Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co. Page28 Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd... All rights reserved.

All rights reserved. The wireless modem can be connected to the M2000 Server or the 2000 Client. Transmitted through short message center. Ltd. Ltd.z Email ‡ Transmitted through smtp Server. Page30 Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co. 16 Page31 . Email z SMS ‡ ‡ SMS Alarm messages Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co... All rights reserved. Transmitted through wireless Modem.

‡ A fault may result in multiple alarms. All rights reserved.. the event is a repeat event. All rights reserved. z Repeat Events ‡ If the reporting times of an event is more than the set times in the set period. the correlation of the intermittent alarms is considered as simple correlation alarms. the alarm is an intermittent alarm. One is the root alarm that raises other alarms. Ltd. z Simple/Advanced Correlation ‡ the correlation of the repeat events is considered as simple correlation alarms. the non-root alarms do not help in the fault location or analysis. Ltd. 17 Page33 . ‡ Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co. z Correlative alarms ‡ Correlative alarms are alarms that have correlations between one another.z Aim ‡ To reduce the redundant alarms.. Page32 z Intermittent Alarms ‡ If the interval between two clearance times of an alarm is less than set period of the cleared alarm. Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co.

z Understand the alarm interval T ‡ Fault alarm Generate Recover ‡ 0 Event alarm T T T T t 0 T T T Page34 t Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co... z Two conditions ‡ Alarm interval T „ „ Unit: second If the alarm interval is less than or equivalent to T. And the subsequent alarms whose alarm intervals are less than or equivalent to T will be saved to mask table or abandoned directly according to the correlation rules. All rights reserved. Unit: times If the system receives certain alarms (alarm intervals ≤ T and number of alarms ≥ N ) of the NE continuously. the high frequency alarm will clear. ‡ High frequency alarm threshold N „ „ Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co. the first alarm will enter the fault alarm current table or event alarm table. Ltd. Ltd. All rights reserved. the system will generate high frequency alarms whose Equipment Serial Number is 0 and alarm level is higher. 18 Page35 . For fault alarms. if the subsequent alarm interval of the alarms are more than T.

T13 > 10 s. All rights reserved. ‡ Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co. The alarms meeting the correlation are saved to the mask table. The times of high frequency alarm is 10. Ltd. The first alarm is saved to fault alarm current table and the 2-12 alarms are saved to alarm mask table.z Examples ‡ The correlation configuration of the MSCe is as follows: „ The fault alarm whose alarm level is Major is E1/T1 Loss of Signal (ID=1101) The interval of the alarm is 10s. The alarm level is Critical and the alarm will clear at t2. the M2000 will generate a E1/T1 Loss of Signal alarm for MSCe at t1.. Page36 z Examples ‡ Suppose T1 to T12 <=10s. 19 Page37 . All rights reserved.. t1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 t2 13 „ „ „ 0 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 T9 T10 T11 T12 T13 t Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd.

.Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co. Page38 Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. All rights reserved. 20 Page39 . All rights reserved. Ltd..

.1. Alarm processing 3. NE alarm Setting 4. ‡ User defined alarm „ Includes alarm definition and alarm binding. „ Support NEs with NBMML interfaces only. Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co. ‡ Alarm level redefinition „ Support NEs with NBMML interfaces only. Basic concept 2. System monitoring Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd.. 21 Page41 . Ltd. Page40 Alarm Setting of NE z The following three functions is delivered to the NE ‡ Alarm shielding „ If the alarms are shielded at the NE. All rights reserved. they will not be reported to the LMT and M2000. All rights reserved.

z Shield the alarms that you are not required. Ltd. Page42 z To redefine the severity level of an NE alarm.. All rights reserved. Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved. 22 Page43 . Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co.. Ltd.

Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd..z Definition ‡ User can define an NE alarm. z Alarm definition ‡ The attributes are stored in the M2000 database. bind it to a port of a cabinet. when the device detects exceptions. cancel the binding in M2000 client. Ltd. the NE raises an alarm in real time and reports the alarm to the M2000. z Alarm binding ‡ the binding relation is stored in NE. In this way. 23 Page45 . All rights reserved. Page44 Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co. subrack. User can query. user can query.. modify the attributes. modify. All rights reserved. or slot of the NE. and then connect an external device for environment monitoring. add. add.

z To define the corresponding relations between the userdefined alarms and the signal input ports. Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved. 24 Page47 . and the alarm is bound with a customized name and ID. All rights reserved. Page46 Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co.. Ltd. the NE reports an alarm to the M2000. When a signal received through a port meets the alarm triggering conditions.. Ltd.

NE alarm Setting 4. When the threshold is reached. Page48 z Set thresholds for the performance monitoring. All rights reserved. database monitoring.. Ltd.. System monitoring Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co. hard disk monitoring.1. Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co. Alarm processing 3. Ltd. All rights reserved. the M2000 raises an alarm. Basic concept 2. 25 Page49 . and service monitoring.

. Ltd. All rights reserved. and CPU usage of the M2000. All rights reserved. 26 Page51 . Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co.. memory usage.z To view the information on the operating system. Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co. Page50 z To view the total space and usage of the hard disk. Ltd.

All rights reserved. Page52 z To monitor the status of the M2000 server services to view the information such as the service name and service status. 27 Page53 . Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co. and database status. Ltd.. server name..z To monitor the status of the M2000 server database to view the information such as the database name. All rights reserved. Ltd. Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co.

Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved. and number of threads. Ltd. All rights reserved.z To monitor the status of the M2000 server processes to view the information such as the process name.. Ltd. Page54 z To monitor the status of the connection between M2000 server and NEs. process ID.. Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co. 28 Page55 .

. Copyright © 2011 Huawei Technologies Co. especially about the fault management. Page56 29 . All rights reserved. and master how to perform the FM. In this course.z This course mainly discuss about the monitor management. Ltd. we need to master some basic concept related to FM.

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