# ASSIGNMENT: INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS, MEASURES OF CENTRAL TENDENCY & MEASURES OF DISPERSION Q1.

(a)How does the study of statistics helps a manger in his day to day working? (b) What are the advantages and limitations of Arithmetic mean and Geometric mean? Q2. Universal Burger is concerned about product waste, so they sampled their burger waste record from the past year with the following results:Number of burgers discarded during a shift 2 16 4 12 19 29 24 7 19 22 14 8 24 31 18 20 16 6 Construct a frequency distribution for these data and a relative frequency distribution. Use intervals of 5 burgers. (a) One of Universal’s goals is for at least 75% of shifts to have no more than 16 burgers wasted. Can you determine from the frequency distribution whether this goal has been achieved? (b) What percentage of shifts has waste of 21 or fewer burgers? Q3..Before constructing a dam on the Colorado river, the US army performed a series of tests to measure the water flow past the proposed location of dam. The results of the testing were used to construct the following frequency distribution River flow (thousands of gallons per minute) Frequency 1001-1050 7 1051-1100 21 1101-1150 32 1151-1200 49 1201-1250 58 1251-1300 41 1301-1350 27 1351-1400 11 Total 246 (a) Use the data given in the table to construct a ‘more-than ‘cumulative frequency distribution and ogive. (b) Use the data in the table to construct a ‘less than’ cumulative frequency distribution and ogive. (c) Use your ogive to estimate what proportion of the flow occurs at less than 1,300 thousands of gallons per minute.

Q4. Hayes Textiles has shown the following percentage increase in net worth over the last 5 years:1992 1993 1994 1995 5% 10.5% 9.0% 6.0% What is the average percentage in networth over the 5 year period? 1996 7.5%

Q5.A professor has decided to use a weighted average in figuring final grades for his seminar students. The homework average will count for 20 % of a student’s grade; the mid term 25%; the final 35 %; the term paper 10 %and quizzes 10 %. From the following data compute the t final average for the five students in the semester:Student Homework Quizzes Paper Midterm Final 1 85 89 94 87 90 2 78 84 88 91 92 3 94 88 93 86 89 4 82 79 88 84 93 5 95 90 92 82 88 (Note-This question requires knowledge of weighted mean. Students are required to study this aspect from the book and then attempt the question) Q6. For the following frequency distribution determine:(a) The median class? (b) The number of item that represents the median? (c) The estimated value 0f the median? Class 100-149.5 150-199.5 200-249.5 250-299.5 300-349.5 350-399.5 400-449.5 450-499.5 Frequency 12 14 27 58 72 63 36 18

Q7.The ages of residents of Twin Lakes retirement Village have the following distribution:Class 47-51.9 52-56.9 57-61.9 62-66.9 67-71.9 72-76.9 77-81.9 Estimate the modal value? Frequency 4 9 13 42 39 20 9

Q8. Determine the variance and standard variance of sales of 100 fast food restaurants in a city Class 700-799 800-899 900-999 1000-1099 1100-1199 1200-1299 1300-1399 1400-1499 1500-1599 1600-1699 1700-1799 1800-1899 Frequency 4 7 8 10 12 17 13 10 9 7 2 1

Q9.Human Power the temporary employment agency, has tested many people’s data entry skills. Infotech needs a data entry person and the person needs to be not only quick but also consistent. Human power pulls the speed records for 4 employees with the data given below in terms of correct entries per minute. Which employee is best suited for Infotech based on relative dispersion? John Jeff Mary Tammy 63 68 62 64 66 67 79 68 68 66 75 58 62 67 59 57 69 69 72 59 72 84 -

Q10. The following is the age distribution of 2000 persons working in a large textile mill;Age Group No of Persons Age Group No of Persons 15 and less than 20 80 45 and less than 50 268 20 and less than 25 250 50 and less than 55 150 25 and less than 30 300 55 and less than 60 75 30 and less than 35 325 60 and less than 65 25 35 and less than 40 287 65 and less than 70 20 40 and less than 45 220 Because of the heavy losses the management decides to bring down the strengths to 40 % of the present number according to the following scheme:(a) To retrench the first 10% from lowest age group 15-20. (b) To absorb the next 40 % in other branches. (c) To make 10 % from the highest group, 40-45 retire prematurely. What will be the age limits of persons retained in the mill and of those transferred to other branches? Also calculate the average age of those retained. Q11. Blood serum cholesterol levels of 10 persons are as under:240,260,290,245,255,288,272,263,277,250. Calculate the standard deviations with the help of assumed mean? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------