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100

Ton
2

Tp
6

10

80

103

60

40

101

20

100

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

10-1 45

Temperature o (C )


/cm]
[S

102

Site percola,on on la.ces


Fill each square with probability p low p: small isolated islands

p cri*cal: giant component forms,

occupying nite frac,on of innite la.ce. Size of other components is power law distributed

p above cri*cal: giant component

rapidly spreads to span the la.ce Size of other components is O(1)

Percola,on theory
The number & size of la.ces are related to P (probability of a cell being occupied by the target species) P = 0.4 (no percola,on)
49 clusters Largest cluster = 18 cells

P = 0.6 (some percola,on)


17 clusters Largest cluster = 163 cells

P = 0.8 (fully percolated)


1 clusters Largest cluster = 320 cells

From this we can calculate landscape boundaries (total & inner edges) useful for edge eect assessment in conserva,on.
Gardner et al, 1992

Percolation - connectivity

and t is the universal exponent related to the dimensionality of the considered system

Thermoplas*c (elastomer) Blends

Bicon,nuous

Polyalkylthiophenes (EVA20-40) Undoped: Interdiusion, Phase separa,on, LC phases

Double Percola*on

16%

Temp

Double Percola,on 0.16 x 0.16 = 0.0256

B (CP)

Composi,on

Mul,ple percola,on in conduc,ng polymer blends, Levon et al Macromolecules 1993

Change Detection:

monitoring a change in physical property

High Throughput Screening: Collective Knowledge Intelligent Sensor Network: Presumptive Detection

Percola*on - func*on

Network of water crystals

Melting of the network

BREAKING UP The ow rate of the Jakobshavn Glacier on the western slope of Greenland has increased recently. The glacier currently moves about 10 km per year and calves a large number of icebergs into Ban Bay.

Heat and mass transport exponen*al with larger surface

Con$nuity of the pores

Crystalline crosslinks Elas$city Swelling