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Dirential equations: program

16 2013 .
Part 1. Elementary methods. 1. Dierential equations as a branch of analysis and geometry. Logistic population model with harvesting (geometric analysis). Newton-Leibnitz equation (nding a function through its derivative). Dierential equations on the line. Existence and uniqueness theorem outside the singular points. Integration of rational functions. 2. Improper integrals. Existence and uniqueness theorem at the singular points. Some applications including ray propagation. 3. Planar dierential equations. Cartesian products of one-dimensional systems. Separation of variables. Homogeneous equations. 4. Linear non-autonomous equations of the rst order. Case of periodic coecients. Monodromy map and limit cycles. 5. One-forms in the plane. Closed forms. Poincar e lemma. Pfaan form of dierential equations. First integrals. 6. Hamiltonian systems in the plane. A pendulum. Morse lemma and study of the non-degenerate singular points. 7. Central force elds and Keplers laws for the planet motion. 8. Application in biology: predator-pray systems. Part 2. Linear equations and systems

9. Linear spaces and linear independence of functions. Linear homogeneous equations of order n. The Euler formula. Complex trigonometric polynomials. Complex linear spaces. Complex solutions. 10. Linear non-homogeneous equations of order n. Special right hand side. Complex amplitude method. Resonances. Variation of constant method. 11. Application to electric circuits. 12. Linear non-autonomous equations. Global existence theorem. 13. Equations of second order. Oscillation and non-oscillation. Sturm theory. 14. Linear operators and their normal forms. Eigenvectors, eigenvalues, eigenspaces. 15. Saddles, nodes, foci, centers. Complexication and realication 16. Linear non-homogeneous systems with a special right hand side. Variation of constant method. 17. Small oscillations 18. Equations of Math Physics as linear systems. Separation of variables. Part 3. Non-linear theory. Main theorems. 19. Complete metric spaces. Completeness of C . 20. Banach xed point theorem. Inverse mapping theorem. 21. Existence and uniqueness theorem for Continuous dependence on initial conditions dierential equations.

22. Smooth dependence on initial conditions. Local and global phase ows. 23. Action of dieomorphisms on vector elds. Rectication theorem Application: rst integrals 24. Application: Cauchy problem for linear PDEs of the rst order Part 3. Phase plane and space 2

25. Singular points on the phase plane. Hadamard-Perron theorem for planar saddles. e map. Distortion of the phase volume. 26. Limit cycles and Poincar 27. Lyapunov stability for maps and ows. 28. Commutator of vector elds. 29. Pfaan equations and Frobenius theory. Part 4. Elements of chaos 30. Equations on a torus. Uniform distribution for a rigid rotation of a circle. Some applications. 31. Smale horseshoe and symbolic dynamics.