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Representative Bureaucracy: Classic Readings and Continuing Controversies

Julie A. Dolan, David H. Rosenbloom 0 Reviews M.E. Sharpe, 2003 - 217 pages The readings in Representative Bureaucracy provide an efficient guide to the settled knowledge and emerging issues regarding policy and research on democratizing public bureaucracies by making them socially representative of the people they ostensibly serve. The book includes both classic and cutting-edge works and presents a contemporary model for analyzing representative bureaucracy -- focusing on the linkages between social origins, life experiences, attitudes, and administrators' decision making. The selections address many of the leading concerns of contemporary politics, including diversity and equal opportunity policy, democratic control of administration, administrative performance, and "reinventing government." Many of the field's most cited works are included in this comprehensive yet affordable volume. Each chapter starts with an introductory summary of the key questions under consideration and concludes with discussion questions. The book makes the field of representative bureaucracy comprehensively and efficiently accessible to students, scholars, and reflective

public managers. It serves as an essential reader for courses on bureaucracy, public administration, or human resource management in the public sector. Book jacket.

The readings in this collection provide a comprehensive guide to the established knowledge and emerging issues regarding democratizing public bureaucracies by making them socially representative. The book includes both classic and cutting-edge works, and presents a contemporary model for analyzing representative bureaucracy that focuses on the linkages between social origins, life experiences, attitudes, and administrators' decision making. The selections address many of the leading concerns of contemporary politics, including diversity and equal opportunity policy, democratic control of administration, administrative performance, the pros and cons of the new public management, and reinventing government. Many of the field's most cited works are included. Each chapter starts with an introductory summary of the key questions under consideration and concludes with discussion questions. With it's extensive selection of classic and contemporary readings, the book will have wide application for courses on bureaucracy, public administration, and public sector human resource management.

Table of Contents
List of Tables and Figures; Preface; Chapter 1. Theoretical Underpinnings: Why Does the Social Background of Public Administrators Matter? Bureaucracy, Max Weber; Representative Bureaucracy, J. Donald Kingsley; Democracy and the Public Service, Frederick C. Mosher; Representative Bureaucracy, Samuel Krislov; Chapter 2. Public Personnel Policy and Social Representation: How Do Policies for Recruitment, Selection, Promotion, Pay, and Retention Affect Representative Bureaucracy? To Look Like America, Katherine Naff; Measuring Bureaucratic Representation and Integration, David Nachmias and David H. Rosenbloom; The Curious Case of Women in State and Local Government, Lee Sigelman; Black Employment in Municipal Jobs: The Impact of Black Political Power, Peter K. Elsinger; Chapter 3. Social Representation and Public Administrators' Worldviews: What is the Linkage Between Social Background and Civil Servants' Policy Preferences? Bureaucracy and Social Change, Seymour Martin Lipset; Representative Bureaucracy and Policy Preferences: A Study in the Attitudes of Federal Executives, Kenneth John Meier and Lloyd G. Nigro; Passive and Active Representation in the Federal Service: A Comparison of Blacks and Whites, David H. Rosenbloom and Jeannette G.

Featherstonhaugh; Policy Preferences on Workplace Reform, Mary M. Hale and M. Frances Branch; Chapter 4. Social Background, Life Experience, and Policy Advocacy: Why Do Civil Servants Act on Policy Preferences Derived from their Social Backgrounds and Life Experiences? Minority Groups in Public Bureaucracies: Are Passive and Active Representation Linked?

Structure and Discretion: Missing Links in Representative Bureaucracy
1. Kenneth J. Meier and 2. John Bohte

+ Author Affiliations 1. Texas A&M University 2. Oakland University

Abstract
Studies of representative bureaucracy highlight both passive and active forms of representation. Passive representation refers to similarities in demographic characteristics between bureaucrats and client populations. Active representation refers to situations in which bureaucracies work to further the needs of a particular group of people. In this study, we examine the role employee discretion plays in linking passive and active forms of representation in a sample of six hundred school districts in Texas. Specifically, we argue that active representation is enhanced in organizations that vest greater discretion in their employees. Our study reveals that minority student performance improves under organizational structures that promote, rather than limit, minority teacher discretion.

© Oxford University Press

(Pitts 2005; Roch, Pitts, and Navarro 2010).

References (Lim 2006)

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26 Contingent representativity

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