Sharing Network Resources


indows-based PCs can operate either as part of a peer-to-peer network or as part of a Windows NT domain. Peerto-peer networks are set up so the server is nondedicated, meaning it’s also a workstation. Every computer in a peer-to-peer network acts on its own by storing files and accessing peripherals. This type of network works well on small LANs (local-area networks) where users can set up their PCs to share resources

such as files, printers, or fax modems. In larger networks, that ability begins to break down because there is not one central location for all the resources. The client/server network model works well to handle this problem. Instead of scattering resources among a number of PCs, the resources are concentrated in servers. Servers are central PCs that move data from their hard drives to the network. Normally servers remain

running at all times, making their resources available to anyone. For security reasons, the client/server model requires user authentication. That means each person wanting to access server-based resources must have a valid user ID and password to access the network and certain resources. Examples of client/server network operating systems include Windows NT and Novell NetWare. s



In a peer-to-peer network, all the computers have equal weight. In a client/server network, the server is the most powerful computer. Other computers, called clients, connect to the server so they can share its capabilities.

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