PROGRAM MKS
ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS
5. Indices and 2 2 3 3 2
Logarithms
6. Coordinate 2
Geometry 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
7. Statistics
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
8. Circular Measures 1
2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1
9. Differentiation 2
2 2 3 2 1 1 2 2
1
2 1 1 1
3 2 2 2
2
10. Solution of 1 1 1 1 1
Triangles
11. Index Number 1 1 1 1 1
Topics Paper 1 Paper 2
A B C
03 04 05 06 05 06 05 06 05 06
03 04 03 04 03 04
5. Indices dan 2 2 3 3
Logarithms 2
6. Geometry 2 1 1 1 1 1
Coordinates
7. Statistics
1 1 1 1 1 1
8. Circular 1 1 1 1 1 1
Measures
2 1 1 1 1 1
2 2 2 2 3
9. Differentiation 2 2 3 1
10. Solution of 1 1 1
Triangles
11. Index Number 1 1 1
DIFFERENTIATIO
N
The first derivative The second
derivative
APPLICATION OF
DIFFERENTIATION
Q1
P(x1, y1)
Q2
P(x1, y1)
y1 y1
x1 x2 0 x1 x2
0
y2 − y1
Gradient of chord = x2 − x1
When point Q approaches point P (i.e x2 x1)
y2 − y1 δy
Then =
x2 − x1 δx
When x2 x1, δ x 0
Then y2 − y1 δ y dy
lim = lim =
2 1 δ x→0 δ x dx
x2 → x1 x − x
Differentiation Technicques
Differentiate axn
dy
(a) If y = a, a is a constant  =0
dx
(b) If y = ax, a is a constant dy
=a
dx
(c) If y= axn, a is a constant  dy
= nax n −1
dx
(d) Differentiate Addition, Subtraction of algebraic terms.
If , then
f ( x) = p( x) ± q ( x)
f ' ( x) = p' ( x) ± q' ( x)
Differentiate Product/
Quotient of two Polynomials
• (a) If y = uv, then
dy dv du
=u +v
dx dx dx
u
• (b) If y = , then
v
du dv
v −u
dy
= dx 2 dx
dx v
Differentiate Composite Function
2
d y d dy
2
= ( ) = f ' ' ( x )
dx dx dx
Application of Differentiation
normal tangent
x
Equation of Tangent and Equation of
Normal
Equation of tangent at point (x1, y1) with gradient m
is
y – y 1 = m ( x – x1)
Equation of normal at point (x1, y1) is
1
−
y – y1 = m( x – x 1)
Maximum and Minimum
Point/Value
dy
At the turning point (stationary point),
=0
2
d y dx
2
dx
(a)For maximum point <0
2
d y 2
dx
(b)For minimum point >0
y 0
+ 
 
+ 

 +
0
x
O
The Rate of Change
If y = f(x), then dy dy dx
= ×
dt dx dt
∂y dy
≈
∂x dx
dy
∂y ≈ .∂x
dx