and the “Niyuddha Gurukul”

Modern NIYUDDHA KRIDE is founded by Mr. Narendra Shrivastava
as Nihyuddhacharya (Grand Master) with its original Sanskrit Name

Nihyuddhacharya is the final authority of Nihyuddha sports pattern with
the regard of World Nihyuddha foundation. Affiliate yourself & your
martial art's class or school of martial arts (any styles like Judo, karate,
Kung fu, Kick Boxing, Taekwon-do, Jeet kune-do etc.) with us means
"Nihyuddha sports family of ancient Indian martial art."

Niyuddha is not a martial art, it is a life style.
Send mail to with questions or comments.
Copyright © 1995 - 2013 World Nihyuddha Federation (Reg.)

© September 2013 – World Niyuddha Federation (Reg) and Niyuddha
Gurukul (India). Revised May 2017.
Narendra Shrivastava, Grand Master

Modern Niyuddha Kride
Modern NIYUDDHA KRIDE is instituted by Narendra Shrivastava, Grand
Master as Nihyuddhacharya with its original Sanskrit Name "NIHYUDDHA"
Nihyuddhacharya is the final authority of Nihyuddha sports pattern with the
regard of World Nihyuddha foundation. Do remember that Niyuddha is not a
Martial Art, but a life style.
The organization has establish the ancient Indian martial art “Niyuddha Kride”
as the best martial art sport since “Mahashivratry- 1995”. Nihyuddha is an
ancient and true Indian Martial art. It was born in Satyug by the Gods. It has
been developed through the most effective method of Weaponless self-defence
but an intricate ART, an exciting sport and a trenchant method of maintaining
physical and mental fitness.

The Satya Yuga (Devanagari: सत्य युग), also called Sat Yuga, Krta Yuga and
Krita Yuga in Hinduism, is the first of the four Yugas, the "Yuga (Age or Era)
of Truth", when humanity is governed by gods, and every manifestation or work
is close to the purest ideal and humanity will allow intrinsic goodness to rule
supreme. It is sometimes referred to as the "Golden Age". The Satya Yuga lasts
1,728,000 years. The goddess Dharma (depicted in the form of cow), which
symbolises morality, stood on all four legs during this period. Later on in the
Treta Yuga, it would become three, followed by two in the Dvapara Yuga.
Currently, in the immoral age of Kali, it stands on one leg.
Many think that in all the regular martial arts as Judo, Karate, Taekwan-do,
Kung-fu etc. are the real and true martial arts, but this is an entirely mistaken
concept. Nihyuddha is the Mother art of all those martial art. Many other also
think that Nihyuddha is an unknown Indian martial art and it is totally new. It is
not true, in fact Nihyuddha is brought when the earth is born. Everyone knows
very well that India is the first country who develops their civilization. So,
definitely jauntily fight pattern is developing in India first. Kalary Payattam is
good example of what we are saying here. Tremendous skill and control are
required in Nihyuddha while blocking, punching, kicking and throwing
techniques, all contribute to make Nihyuddha one of the most exciting and
competitive sport, its challenge lies in the adept use of the techniques without
having any actual body contact.
Complete control over blocking, punching, kicking, and throwing movements
in paramount in stopping centimetres short of the opponent. Through the
coordination of control. balance and techniques in the performance
of MRITYUE NRITYA, Nihyuddha is regarded as a beautiful and highly
skilled. It is also one of the most all-around methods of physical fitness. Since it
utilizes every single muscle of the body and is considered the ultimate in

unarmed self-defence. In ancient India (BHARAT), presidential protective
forces (Sena of Raja\Maharaja and States ) are all trained in Nihyuddha and its
training is must for everyone. Its training programs are organized by Rishi/
Mahrishi's Ashram. In that time Nihyuddha divided in various parts of
techniques. Nihyuddha has following parts and it prescribed step by step.

Aims of Niyuddha
Niyuddha is an origin martial art from ancient INDIA. Following aims are
followed with World Niyuddha Foundation:

1. Niyuddha is known as the best sport of martial art in all over the

2. Build up the mantel and physical power in human body.

3. Introduce the Niyuddha Dharma for any human specially Yoddha
(Player of Niyuddha).

4. Bringing the way of truth and internal power (Para Shakti).

5. Affiliate all nations and countries with Niyuddha Dharma and sport's

6. Reaching every person to introduce and establish Niyuddha Dharma
and sport's pattern.

7. Arrange Niyuddha's training camps, Niyuddha's master's training
camps all over world and Nations, Countries up to their states and

8. Camps for referees, jury and judges for International, National, State
and District level tournaments of Niyuddha.

9. Arrange Niyuddha's colour belt exams. Black Belt exams include with
exam of acharya of Niyuddha. Also arrange examination for all the
part of Niyuddha sport pattern and Niyuddha Dharma.

10. Awarding Niyuddha's all types’ title and their certificates.

11.Issue license for Niyuddha coaching and classes for any part of the

Its training program in Nihyuddha are divided in various parts and techniques
as follows:

1. Mantra

2. Tantra

3. Yantra

1. Mantra

The mean of mantra in Nihyuddha is prescribing meditation through the God.
Indian culture have the largest quantity of God. Shiva is greatest than other.
In a fight of yoddha have disturbed mind or mental power. He will face defeat
in any fight or contest. So, initially he should meditate his mind at origin. He
moves in soul by mantra power.

2. Tantra

The tantra is original method of the development of a fight. It is also divided in
many parts.

Thus the body have following tools for fight against any opponent :

(i) head, (ii) hand, (iii) legs and (iv) body.

The well-thought combination of the above material makes various techniques
to conquer all opponent, like blocking for defence, punching, kicking and
throwing for attack. Mostly useful tools are hands and legs, in combination with
other body parts.

3. Yantra

All types of weapons as like sword (talwar), knife, arrow and bow, modern
weapons as like gun, revolver, machine gun etc. and the dangerous atomic
weapons i.e. are the examples of Nihyuddha's Yantra logic.

The Importance of the Devotional Life in Niyuddha Kride

One of the Many Prayers to Lord Shiva
By Sage Markandeya
Translated by P. R. Ramachander

[Sage Markandeya was saved by Lord Shiva of certain death at the age of
16 by killing the God of death. This stotra is supposed to have been sung by
the sage after that.]

Rathna sanu sarasanam, rajathadri srunga nikethanam,
Sinchini krutha pannageswarachyuthahana sayakam,
Kshipra dhagdha pura thrayam thri divalayairabhi vanditham,
Chandra shekaramasraye mama kim karishyathi vai yama.1

I seek refuge in Him, who has the moon,
Who made the mountain of jewels in to his bow,
Who resides on the mountain of silver,
Who made the serpent Vasuki as rope,

Who made Lord Vishnu as arrows,
And quickly destroyed the three cities,
And who is saluted by the three worlds,
And so what can the God of death do to me?

Pancha paada pa pushpa gandhambhuja dwaya shobitham,
Phala lochana jatha pavaka dagdha manmatha vigraham,
Basma digdha kalebharam, bhava nasanam, bhava mavyayam,
Chandra shekaramasraye mama kim karishyathi vai yama.2

I seek refuge in Him, who has the moon,
Who shines with the pair of his lotus like feet,
Which are worshipped by the scented flowers of five kalpaka trees,
Who burnt the body of God of love,
Using the fire from the eyes on his forehead,
Who applies ash all over his body,
Who destroys the sorrow of life,
And who does not have destruction,
And so what can the God of death do to me?

Matha varana mukhya charma kruthothareeya mahoharam,
Pankajasana padma lochana poojithangri saroruham,
Deva sindhu tharanga seekara siktha jatadharam,
Chandra shekaramasraye mama kim karishyathi vai yama.3

I seek refuge in Him, who has the moon,
Who is the stealer of minds because of his upper cloth,
Made of the skin of the ferocious elephant,
Who has lotus like feet which are worshipped,
By Lord Brahma and Lord Vishnu,
And who has matted hair drenched by drops,
Of the waves of the holy river Ganga,
And so what can God of death do to me?

Yaksha raja sakham bhagaksha haram bhujanga bhooshanam,
Shila raje suthaa parish krutha charu vama kalebharam,
Kshweda neela galam praswadha dharinam mruga dharinam,
Chandra shekaramasraye mama kim karishyathi vai yama.4

I seek refuge in Him, who has the moon,
Who is friend of Lord Khubhera,
Who destroyed the eyes of Bhaga,
Who wears serpent as ornament,
Whose left part of the body is decorated,
By the daughter of the king of mountain,
Whose neck is blue because of the poison,
Who is armed with an axe,
And who carries a deer with Him,
And so what can God of death do to me?

Kundali krutha kundaleeswara kundalam vrusha vahanam,
Naradadhi muneeswara sthutha vaibhavam bhuvaneswaram,
Andhakandhaka masrithamara padapam samananthakam,
Chandra shekaramasraye mama kim karishyathi vai yama.5

I seek refuge in Him, who has the moon,
Who wears the ear studs made of a curling serpent,
Who is the great one being praised by Narada and other sages,
Who is the Lord of the entire earth,
Who is the killer of Anthakasura.
Who is the wish giving tree to his devotees,
And who is the killer of God of death,
And so what can God of death do to me?

Bheshajam bhava roginamkhilapadamapa harinam,
Daksha yagna vinasanam trigunathmakam trivilochanam,
Bhukthi mukthi phala pradham sakalagha sanga nibharhanam,
Chandra shekaramasraye mama kim karishyathi vai yama.6

I seek refuge in Him, who has the moon,
Who is the doctor who cures sorrowful life,
Who destroys all sorts of dangers,
Who destroyed the fire sacrifice of Daksha,
Who is personification of three qualities,
Who has three different eyes,
Who bestows devotion and salvation,
And who destroys all types of sins,
And so what can God of death do to me?

Bhaktha vathsala marchitham, nidhim,akshayam, Haridambaram,
Sarva bhoothapathim, Parathparam apreya manuthamam,
Soma varinabhoohuthasana somapanilakha krutheem,
Chandra shekaramasraye mama kim karishyathi vai yama.7

I seek refuge in Him, who has the moon,
Who is worshipped as darling of devotees,
Who is the treasure which is perennial,
Who clothes Himself with the directions,
Who is the chief of all beings,
Who is beyond the unreachable God,
Who is not understood by any one,
Who is the holiest of every one,
And who is served by moon, water, sun, earth,
Fire, ether, boss and the Wind
And so what can god of death do to me?

Viswa srushti vidhayinam, punareva palana thathparam,
Samharathamapi prapanchamasesha loka nivasinam,
Kredayanthamaharnisam, gana nadha yudha samnvitham,
Chandra shekaramasraye mama kim karishyathi vai yama.8

I seek refuge in Him, who has the moon,
Who does the creation of the universe,
Who then is interested in its upkeep,
Who at proper time destroys the universe,
Who lives in every being of the universe,
Who is plays day and night with all beings,
Who is the leader of all beings,
And who is like any one of them,
And so what can god of death do to me?

Mruthyu bheetha mrukandu soonu krutha sthavam shiva sannidhou,
Yathra Thathra cha ya padennahi thasya mruthyu bhayam bhaveth,
Poorna mayor aroghitha makhilarthasambadamdhyam,
Chandra Shekara Eva thasya dadadhathi mukthi mayathnatha. 9

He who reads this prayer,
Composed by the son of Mrukandu,
Who was fear struck with death,,
In the temple of Lord Shiva,
Will not have fear of death,
He would have full healthy life,
With all grains and all wealth,
And Lord Chandra Shekara,
Would give Him,
Salvation in the end.

Lord Shiva and His Philosophy of Devotion
The scriptural descriptions narrate the simplicity of the wedding ceremony of
Shiva and Parvati. He did not go after big people or gods of heavens to join the
wedding procession. Rather, he took the ghosts and the palitas along. As praised
in the following hymn of the Ramacharit Manas "Tanu Kshina Kou Ati Pita,
Pavan Kou Apavan Tanu Dhare" (Those with ugly, horrifying and diseased
bodies were also among Shivas Baraatis). Shiva had taken due care of even the
deprived and down trodden ones. We should also broaden our hearts and pay
attention to those scorned by the society. If we cannot get rid of our hatred, fears
and prejudices, we can never enjoy the sense of bliss and fulfillment, the
devotees of Shiva deserve.
What is the meaning of your worship and devotion if you dont learn anything
from the truth, from the philosophy of your Deity? You will just continue to
perform some rituals, keep crying and praying at His feet without any
improvement in your life. Remember that Shiva does not need your flowers and
other offerings of worship. Your devotion is real only if you adopt its
philosophy in every aspect of life.
An Ox (named Nandi) is said to be the mount of Lord Shankar (Shiva). Why?
What does it imply? Well, an ox is known to be an assiduous animal. Any
laborious, industrious human can become God Shivas favorite irrespective of
whether he is an Indian, British, French or any one else. We all know that God
helps those who help themselves.
The ox symbolizes strength, courage and hard work in our (Indian) culture. If
you want to become a devotee of Lord Shiva, you will have to be courageous
and depend upon your own wisdom and endeavors. No one will open the doors
of progress for you. You alone will have to come forward and initiate your
ascent in the desired direction. Do you know who rides on a buffalo? Shanicar!
(Saturn, as described in the Puranas). A buffalo represents lethargy, dullness and
escapism from labor or hard work. It can never be an aid of Shiva. Shiva likes
the ever energetic, assiduous ox, Nandi. The latter is described in the Puranas as
the vehicle of Shiva (in human form). Shiva takes care of it and loves this pet.
You and I should also try to cultivate the qualities of this ox; this is what God
wants His devotees to be like.
What else have you read or heard about Lord Shiva from the scriptural
descriptions? That He lives in the marghat (crematorium)! Why should He do
so? Well, this again is a symbolic depiction. It teaches us that we should always
remember death. We get so engrossed in the worldly affairs that we almost
forget that death could knock at our door any moment and then we will have to
leave this world instantly. We seem to remember everything else but this bitter
reality of life. If we had remembered the absolute fact that we had to die some
day or the other, our attitude towards life would have been different. In that

case, we would have cared for what we ought and what we ought not to do? We
would have been more alert towards our duties.
A home and a crematorium are alike for a duty-bound, altruist person who has
acquired pure knowledge. Such a wise man knows that this moment he is living
comfortably in the house but any other moment he would be no more and his
body would rest in peace in a crematorium or a graveyard; then he will have
new life and a new home and so on. Todays life would be tomorrows death,
which would again turn into new life some day This is how the cycle of life
continues Life and death are like the relay games of day and night. Then why
should we be scared of death? Rather, we should remember it to make our life
more meaningful, more useful, more enlightened every day. This is another
significant teaching of Shivas Philosophy of Life.
If we look carefully and ponder over it, we will find that innumerable teachings
are hidden in Lord Shivas manifestations as we see Him in the temples and
religious stories. We often find His depiction in human-like form with a coating
of ash on his body. If we knew the righteous attitude of life and the ideal mode
of living, the importance of this ash-coating would have been crystal clear to us.
Many of us put the bhasm (ash) of the sacred fire of yagya (agnihotra or
homam) on our forehead with great reverence. But do we know the meaning of
this religious ritual? The most important implication of smearing bhasm on any
part of the body is to recall the Vedic teaching of "Bhasmantaka Goum
Shariram" this body is going to become (a heap of) ash one day. That means,
this body might either get mixed in the soil or water or fly like the dust particles
with the wind. This physical body of ours, which we are so proud of and are so
much attached to, is going to be crushed (with the soil) beneath others feet one
If we are His true devotees, the bhasm on Shivas body should constantly remind
us of this ultimate reality and therefore keep us away from the ego and
attachments that arise because of our mistaken identity with the physical body.

The Third Eye:
The three eyes of Lord Shiva are often the focus of mythological interpretations
and mystic curiosity. Representation of His manifestation in humanlike form
should have shown only two eyes like the normal humans have. Is the third eye
mere allegoric depiction? Or, does it signify some hidden facets? In fact, the
third eye symbolizes the source of sagacity pure, discreet wisdom. This center
in the human body is hidden subtly in an endocrine gland inside the brain right
behind the position (on the forehead) where the third eye of Shiva is depicted.

You all might have read a story in the holy Ramayana or in some other shastric

scripture which mentions of Kamadeva being burnt into ashes due to the
opening of Shivas third eye. Kamadeva the Lord of amour had once tried to
sinfully entice and influence Lord Shiva. Then, Lord Shiva just opened His third
eye. The divine radiations emanating therefrom instantly burnt the gross body of
Kamadeva. Have you ever thought about the truth behind this mythological
anecdote? It conveys the fact that the insidious force of erotic thoughts and
sexual excitation can be instantly checked and eliminated if our discerning
prudence is awakened. The opening of the third eye means awakening of our
sagacity and creative activation of our inner wisdom.
The third eye is subtly located in the third dimension inside our brain. It teaches
us to look into the deeper aspects of every phenomenon, every thought and
every experience. Our ordinary eyes (the two eyes on our faces) see only
extrovertly; they can only show us our materialistic gains and losses or the
worldly affairs in the limited peripheries of our interactions. The needs of the
body or the sense organs are easily seen by them. But there is a third eye, which
opens inward. It enables us to look deeply in the sublime folds of mind and
shows us the world of inner peace, everlasting happiness and absolute truth. This
is the eye of foresight and clairvoyance.
When a sincere devotee of Lord Shiva seeks refuge under His grace, he first
inspects his own character and conduct to check whether or not he measures up
to the virtuous standards with respect to the philosophy of Shiva.
The human-like image of God Shiva is a kind of an ideal model for the true
devotee. A potter makes a pot in the desired design by processing and fixing the
clay into appropriate mold. The devotee should also try to mold his personality,
his attitude, his thinking, his life, etc as per the ideals of his Deity. Our worship
and devotional practices have no meaning without commensurate endeavors of
refinement and improvement in our thoughts, behavior and deeds.
The Sanskrit word for devotional worship is "Upasana", which literally means
sitting nearby. Sitting near the fire makes us feel warm. Similarly, sitting near
God should inspire us with His attributes. Sitting in the closed vicinity of a
powerful source of energy would bestow the associated significant effects on us
only if there is a linkage, a direct connection between the source and the
beneficiary. A piece of wood becomes fire only when it sacrifices itself in the
fire nearby.
This is how "upasana" brings the desired results only if the devotee sets a live
linkage of his inner self with the Deity of his worship. For this, he has to
discipline and mold himself as per the inspirations of his God. We, the aspirants
of the beatitude of Lord Shiva, should also consciously and ceaselessly attempt
at transforming ourselves according to the ideals of His manifestation. We
should endeavor opening our third eye (that means, awaken our intuitive insight
and pure intellect).
The very purpose of murti puja (idol-worship) in Indian Culture is to enable the
masses to access and imbibe the teachings and inspirations of divine emanations.
Every idol, every symbol of Gods manifestation represented here is indicative of
some important teaching related to the spiritual evolution of human
consciousness. Today, I gave you the example of Shankar (Shiva) in this context
and tried to explain the principles, the occult implications of His worship and
devotion. Unfortunately, we often get engrossed in worshipping the gross form
the idol of God and consider the performance of some customary rituals,
chanting of some prayers etc as all that is required for His devotion. Even if we
have read or heard about the occult significance of the symbols of divine
manifestations, we don't seem to remember anything. We just want to take
shortcuts and regard ourselves great devotees simply by symbolic worship.
The word "Shiva" in Sanskrit means highest good. Lord Shiva (Shiva) is the
presiding Deity of eternal, auspicious well-being of all creation. But we, the so-
called worshippers of Shiva never even think of global good. (Forget about
global, we don't even attempt to expand the narrow domain of our selfish
interests and engage ourselves in altruistic service and upliftment of the needy
around us).
We keep chanting "Om Namah Shivaya" but don't bother to know its meaning;
in reality, Shiva (Shiva) is far away from our lives. We don't even know what is
the true well-being of our soul or our own life and how to attain it? The japa
(rhythmic chanting) of Shivas name will be beatifying if "Shiva" (Highest
Good) is embodied in our attitude, aspirations, thoughts and deeds. It is time we
realize that worshipping only the external, gross form is no better than not doing
anything at all.

Be Blessed by Shiva’s Grace
The Almighty God of Hindu religion for whom we observe fasting on
Shivaratri, perform japa, ceremonial worship, sacred ablution (abhisheka) and
what not cant He, the Omnipotent, destroy all evils and eliminate our
adversities? Can't He help us in our progress? He indeed can and He will, if we
are His deserving devotees.
He loves all of us and wants to bestow all His grace upon us; but it is our
infirmities, our vices that hinder or limit the flow of His blessings. His grace is
like the water-laden clouds. (The clouds shower the treasure of rains without
discrimination wherever they fall). But how much water a pond or a pot would
collect from the rain depends upon its own capacity. If we deserve, we will
surely be beatified by Shivas enormous generosity. His beatitudes will continue
to grow as our abilities, our merits increase and we shall get everything that a
true devotee of Shankar deserves.

We discussed today the meaning and philosophy of the gross manifestations of
Lord Shiva as described in the Puranas.
A large number of stories and rhetoric descriptions are also available in the texts
that lucidly illustrate the great teachings and philosophies of the other
incarnations and manifestations of Hindu Gods. There lived about 33 crore
people on the Indian subcontinent in the Vedic Age. They were the true
devotees, spiritually enlightened, virtuous men and women, who, because of
their divine characteristics were revered as 33 crore devatas on this earth. If we
had tried to search and grasp the truth behind the teachings of the Puranas and
put into practice the Vedic philosophy, we also would have been like those
pearls of the human society and would have gloriously accomplished the divine
purpose of our life.
We are lucky to have been born on this sacred land, which once upon a time was
the Land of gods. It can and should still regain its glory, if we, the devotees, the
worshipers of the Vedic (Indian) Philosophy, sincerely adopt its values and
attempt towards spiritual elevation of our conduct and refinement of the
ambience around us.
Divine beings generate love, peace, beauty, piety, bliss and prosperity wherever
they go. You should also adopt and expand such qualities. I wish you all the
success in your endeavors to proceed in this direction. Thank you for listening
with patience.

Om Namaha Shivaha

Maha Shivaratri Puja in Niyuddha
Celebrated by Grand Master
Narendra Shrivastana
Maha Shivaratri in 2017 on Saturday, the 25th of February

Brief Teaching Account
On Mahashiv Ratri devotees wake up early and take early bath, then wear fresh
new clothes and pay a visit to the nearest Shiva temple. As a tradition, devotees
observe a fast on a Shivaratri day. Some do not consume even a drop of water.
They keep vigil all night. The Shiva Lingam is worshipped throughout the night
by washing it every three hours with milk, curd, honey, rose water, etc., whilst
the chanting of the Mantra Om Namah Shivaya continues. Offerings of bael
leaves are made to the Lingam. Bael leaves are very sacred as, it is said,
Lakshmi resides in them.
After this, Bilwa leaves, which have to be a stalk with three leaves, is kept on
top of the Shivalinga to cool the hot-tempered deity. Ber or jujube fruit is also
offered to Lord Shiva, as it is symbolic of longevity and gratification of desires.
Some devotees also offer the auspicious betel leaves to Lord Shiva marking
satisfaction with worldly pleasures. Garlanding of Linga with flowers and
garlands is also a part of the ritual Shivaratri Puja. Devotees also burn incense
sticks as is said to yield wealth. Many also light lamps to symbolize attainment
of knowledge. It is said that by offering water, hugging the Linga, lighting the

diya and incense and ringing the temple bells, devotees call into focus all their
senses, making them acutely aware of themselves and the universe to which they
Hymns in praise of Lord Shiva, such as the Lingashtakam, Shiva Manasa
Puja, Shiva Mahimna Stotra of Pushpadanta, Shivashtaka, bhilvashtakam
are sung with great fervour and devotion. People repeat the Panchakshara
Mantra, Om Namah Shivaya. He who utters the Names of Shiva during
Shivaratri, with perfect devotion and concentration, is freed from all sins. He
reaches the abode of Shiva and lives there happily. He is liberated from the
wheel of births and deaths. Many pilgrims flock to the places where there are
Shiva temples.
Following the method prescribed in Shiva Purana, priests perform ritual puja of
Shiva Linga every three hours all through the day and night of Shivaratri
Festival. During this pooja, chants of Om Namah Shivaya and sounds of bells
reverberate in the temple. Following the bath with milk, yoghurt, honey, ghee,
sugar and water that helps in the purification of the soul a vermilion paste is
applied on the Linga as it represents virtue. Devotees stay awake and spent the
night in Shiva temples by chanting ‘Om Namah Shivaya’ and singing hymns
and verses in praise of Lord Shankar. Devotees observing vrat on Shivaratri
break it only the next morning by partaking prasad offered to Lord Shiva.
Shivaratri Pooja has been given tremendous significance in Hindu mythology.
It is said that ritual worship of Lord Shiva on a Shivaratri day pleases Lord
Shiva the most. Devotees further believe that by pleasing Lord Shankara on the
auspicious Shivaratri day, a person is absolved of past sins and is blessed with
Moksha or salvation.
Shiva Purana further says that performing abhisheka of Shiva Linga with six
different dravyas including milk, yoghurt, honey, ghee, sugar and water while
chanting Sri Rudram, Chamakam and Dasa Shanthi pleases Lord Shiva the
most. According to the mythology, each of these dravya used in the abhisheka
blesses a unique quality:
Milk – For the blessing of purity and piousness.
Yogurt – For prosperity and progeny.
Honey _ For sweet speech.
Ghee – For victory.
Sugar – For happiness.
Water – For purity.
Besides, worship of Lord Shiva on Shivratri is also considered to be extremely
beneficial for women. While, married women pray to Shiva for the well being of

their husbands and sons, unmarried women pray for a husband like Shiva, who
is considered to be the ideal husband.

Maha Shivratri is celebrated in the honour of Lord Shiva, with devotees
observing day-long fasts. The term Maha Shivratri is derived from the three
words - Maha, Shiva, Ratri. Hindus follow this festival with utmost fervour.
According to the Hindu calendar, the festival is celebrated on the new moon in
the month of Maagha.

Some important questions and answers on Maha Shivrati
Question: When is Maha Shivratri celebrated?

Answer.According to the Hindu calendar, the festival is celebrated on the new
moon day in the month of Maagha. This year in 2017, the festival is be observed
on the evening of February 24.
Question: Why is Maha Shivratri celebrated?
Answer.It is believed that Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati got married on this
Question: What do devotees do on Maha Shivratri?
Answer: On this day devotees observe fast and worship Lord Shiva by chanting
'Om Namah Shiva'. Shiv Lingam is bathed with milk, water, honey, curd and
ghee (purified butter) signifying purification of the soul.
Question: Is Maha Shivratri celebrated only in India?
Answer: Maha Shivratri is celebrated across India and in neighbouring Nepal.
In India, the most popular celebrations take place in Ujjain in Madhya Pradesh,
where Lord Shiva is believed to have stayed. Here, devotees carry out large
processions with idol of Lord Shiva.
There are various mythological legends associated with Maha Shivratri.
According to a popular legend, a hunter could not find anything to kill for his
food in a forest. As he was walking looking for a prey, it started raining. He then
climbed on top of a Woodapple tree to catch a deer for his food. In order to
make the animal come within his reach, he started throwing woodapple leaves
on the ground, unaware that there was a Shiva Lingam next to the tree. Pleased
with his patience, Lord Shiva appeared in front of the hunter and blessed him
with wisdom. The hunter stopped eating meat afterwards, the legend says.

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