time and distANCE

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time and distANCE

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in 18 seconds. What is

the length of the platform in meters? 1. 2. 3. 4. 240 360 420 600 meters meters meters meters

When the train crosses a man standing on a platform, the distance covered by the train is equal to the length of the train. However, when the same train crosses a platform, the distance covered by the train is equal to the length of the train plus the length of the platform. The extra time that the train takes when crossing the platform is on account of the extra distance that it has to cover = length of the platform. Therefore, Length length of of the platform = speed = of train 72 * extra kmph time taken * to cross 12 the platform seconds

platform

Converting

72

kmph

into

m/sec,

we

get

72

kmph

20

m/sec

2>Jim

travels the first 3 hours of his journey at 60 mph speed and the remaining 5 hours at 24 mph speed. What is the average speed of Jim's travel in mph? 1. 2. 3. 4. 42 mph 36 mph 37.5 mph 42.5 mph

Average

speed

Total distance traveled by Jim = Distance covered in the first 3 hours + Distance covered in the next 5 hours. Distance Distance Therefore, Total covered covered total time in in the the first next traveled = 3 5 hours hours = 3 180 + = = 3 5 + 5 * * 120 = 60 24 = 8 = = 180 120 300 miles miles miles. hours.

distance taken

Average speed =

= 37.5 mph.

3>Ram covers a part of the journey at 20 kmph and the balance at 70 kmph taking total of 8 hours to cover the distance of

400 km. How many hours has been driving at 20 kmph? 1. 2. 3. 4. 2 3 4 3 hours hours 20 minutes hours 40 minutes hours 12 minutes

Correct Answer is 3 hours 12 minutes . Choice (4) is right. Explanatory Let x Distance He would be the number of covered in this have therefore, traveled the hours x balance + he travels at hours = (8 x) hours x) * 560 50 70 = 20 20x at = 70 70x) Answer kmph. km kmph. km 400 x

Distance covered in this (8 x) hours = (8 The total distance traveled = 20x =>160 = =>x = (160/50) hours = 3.2 hours = 3 hours and 12 minutes

(560 70x

4>The question for the day is from the topic Time and Distance. The question helps get a good grasp on the concept that

time is inversely proportional to speed. Question By walking at 3/4th of his usual speed, a man reaches office 20 minutes later than usual. What is his usual time? 1. 2. 3. 4. 30 60 70 50 min min min min

3/4 of a man's usual speed means, he takes 4/3 of his usual time to cover the same distance, i.e. he takes 4/3 - 1 = 1/3 time extra. 1/3 time is 20 minutes (given)

5>A passenger train covers the distance between stations X and Y, 50 minutes faster than a goods train. Find this distance

if the average speed of the passenger train is 60 kmph and that of goods train is 20 kmph. 1. 2. 3. 20 kms 25 kms 45 kms

4.

40 kms

Correct Answer is 25 kms. Choice (2) is right. Explanatory Let Time Time Time i.e., 'd' be the distance between the stations X = = or and d/60 d/20 50/60 Answer Y. hour hour hour 50/60

passenger train to cover the distance 'd' goods train to cover the distance 'd' these two trains is given by 50 minutes (d/60) =

d = 25kms.

1. 2. 3. 4.

a woman 81 miles apart from each other, start travelling towards each other at the same time. If the man covers 5 miles per hour to the women's 4 miles per hour, how far will the woman have travelled when they meet? 27 36 45 None of these

Correct Answer is 36. Choice (2) is right. Explanatory Time = taken to 81/(4 meet = + (Distance 5) between them) = / 9 (Relative Answer speed) hours

7>A plane flying north at 500 kmph passes over a city at 12 noon. A plane flying east at the same attitude passes

over the same city at 12.30 pm. The plane is flying east at 400 kmph. To the nearest hundred km, how far apart are the two planes at 2 pm?

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

The plane flying north would have traveled for 2 hours at 2 PM. It travels at 500 kmph. Hence, the plane flying north would have covered 1000 kms from the city at 2 PM. The plane flying east would have traveled for 1.5 hours at 2 PM. It travels at 400 kmph. Hence, the plane flying east would have covered 1.5*400 = 600 kms from the city at 2 PM. The two planes are flying at right angles to each other. The shortest distance between the two planes is the length of the hypotenuse of the right triangle whose legs are the distances covered by the two planes.

Hence, distance = = 1166 km The nearest 100 km distance between the two planes = 1200 kms. Level of difficulty : Moderate to difficult 9>A train traveling at 100 kmph overtakes a motorbike traveling at 64 kmph in 40 seconds. What is the length of the train

in meters? 1. 2. 3. 4. 1777 meters 1822 meters 400 meters 1400 meters

When a train overtakes another object such as a motorbike, whose length is negligible compared to the length of the train, then the distance traveled by the train while overtaking the motorbike is the same as the length of the train. The = length of the train = distance relative speed between the traveled train by the and train the while overtaking motorbike * the motorbike time taken

In this case, as both the objects i.e., the train and the motorbike are moving in the same direction, the relative speed between them = difference between their respective speeds = 100 64 = 36 kmph. Distance The So final let traveled answer by is us the given train in while and overtaking the speed the is motorbike given in = kmph from 36 and kmph the * time to 40 in seconds. seconds. m/sec.

meters

convert

the

given

speed

kmph

= * Time 5

10>A

man can row 50 km upstream and 72 km downstream in 9 hours. He can also row 70 km upstream and 90 km downstream in 12 hours. Find the rate of current. 1. 2. 3. 4. 3 kmph 8 kmph 4 kmph None of these

Correct Answer is 4 kmph . Choice (3) is right. Explanatory Let Hence, Solving x and 50/x for x y + and be 72/y y of we the the = get stream upstream 9 x = = 1/2 and and 10 * downstream 70/x km/hr (downstream + and speed y speed 90/y = Answer respectively. = 18 12 km/hr speed)

upstream

12>Yana

and Gupta leave points x and y towards y and x respectively simultaneously and travel in the same route. After meeting each other on the way, Yana takes 4 hours to reach her destination, while Gupta takes 9 hours to reach his destination. If the speed of Yana is 48 km/hr, what is the speed of Gupta? 1. 2. 3. 4. 72 kmph 32 mph 20 mph None of these

Correct Answer 20 mph. Choice (3) is right. Explanatory Yana and So, the Gupta travel for the same amount distance covered by them will of time till the be the same time as they the meet ratio between x of their Answer and y. speeds.

Let the time that they have taken to meet each other be x hours from the time they have started. Therefore, the cover the entire distance, Yana would take x + 4 hours and Gupta will take x + 9 hours. Ratio of time taken Yana : Gupta :: x + 4 :: x + 9

=>

Ratio

of

speeds

of

Yana

Gupta

::

::

or

By the time Yana and Gupta meet, Yana would have traveled 48X kms. After meeting, this is the distance that Gupta takes 9 hours to cover.

Hence,

Gupta's

speed

km/hr.

But

we

know

that

the

ratio

of

Yana's

and

Gupta's

speeds

are

Therefore,

48

::

Or => =>

x2 + x2 = 36

9x or

= x

9x =

+ 6

36 hours.

= 32 kmph = 20mph

13>The speed of a motor boat itself is 20 km/h and the rate of flow of the river is 4 km/h. Moving with the stream the boat

went 120 km. What distance will the boat cover during the same time going against the stream? 1. 2. 3. 4. 80 180 60 100

Correct Answer is 80. Choice (1) is right. Explanatory Let the distance to be covered by the boat when it is travelling against the stream Answer be x.

The boat goes down the river at a speed of 20 + 4 = 24 km/h and up the river at a speed of 20 - 4 = 16 km/h. Since the Therefore, x = 80 km. time taken is same 120/24 = x/16

14>I travel the first part of my journey at 40 kmph and the second part at 60 kmph and cover the total distance of 240 km

to my destination in 5 hours. How long did the first part of my journey last? 1. 2. 3. 4. 4 2 3 2 hours hours hours hours 24 minutes

Correct Answer is 3 hours. Choice (3) is right. Explanatory The Let 'x' Therefore, total hours 5 time of be the time hours would be journey that I time that = 5 traveled at I traveled at 40 60 Answer hours. kmph kmph.

would for x +

have in

covered the

(5 40x

x)60 + (5

kms

in

the

5 =

hours =

240 we

x)*60 60x

240,

15>Two

boys begin together to write out a booklet containing 535 lines. The first boy starts with the first line, writing at the rate of 100 lines an hour; and the second starts with the last line then writes line 534 and so on, backward proceeding at the rate of 50 lines an hour. At what line will they meet? 1. 2. 3. 4. 356 277 357 267

Correct Answer is 357 . Choice (3) is right. Explanatory Writing As equal ratio quantities are = taken, in 100 a given : time, first 50 boy will = be 2 writing the : line Answer 1 number

the

357th

line

16>

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