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For Internal Students of the Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine This paper forms part of the examination for the Diploma of Membership of Imperial College

Answer ALL Questions All questions carry equal marks

Wednesday 3 May 2007

: 10.00pm - 12.00am

2007 University of London

Q.1 a. Describe the mode of failure of the section shown in Figure Q1 in pure torsion if the torsional capacity is governed by the yield strength of the reinforcement. (3 marks) b. Use the design method given in EC2 to determine the maximum design torque that can be resisted by the section shown in Figure Q1 assuming that a) the torsional capacity is governed by the yield strength of the reinforcement and b) the wall thickness t=100mm. (14 marks) c. Sketch a torsion moment interaction diagram for the section and describe the mode of failure corresponding to the maximum torsional resistance assuming that it is governed by yielding of reinforcement. (3 marks)

Design information fyd = 435 N/mm2


Stirrups T12.200 600 mm

2T32 500 mm

Figure Q1

Q.2 a. Calculate the theoretical minimum area of tensile reinforcement required to develop multiple cracking in a concrete tie with a crosssection 120mm square. Assume that the stress distribution in the concrete is uniform over the cross-section immediately before cracking. Briefly explain the basis of your calculation. (4 marks) b. From first principles calculate the short-term crack width in the tie described in part a) immediately before the second crack forms at a concrete tensile stress of 3.0MPa. Assume that the tie is reinforced with a single T16 bar at its centroid. Assume that the crack is remote from the ends of the member and that the bond stress is uniform with magnitude 3MPa. Make a neat sketch to show the distributions of stress in the reinforcement and concrete along the length of the member. (12 marks) c. Draw a diagram to illustrate qualitatively how the mean crack width in the tie described in part b) above increases as the axial displacement is increased from zero until the reinforcement first yields. Assume that 4 cracks form sequentially when the concrete tensile stress first reaches a) 2.8 MPa, b) 3.0 MPa, b) 3.2MPa and c) 3.5MPa. Assume that the displacement is the same immediately before and after the formation of each crack. (4 marks)

Additional design information The length of the tie is 1800mm The tensile strength of the concrete in the member varies between 2.8 and 3.5MPa fy = 500 MPa Es=200 kN/mm2 Ec=30 kN/mm2

Q.3 a. Figure Q.3a shows a rectangular panel which is uniformly loaded. The panel is simply supported along the three hatched edges and free along the remaining edge. Derive an equation for the collapse load in terms of the unknown dimension a in Figure Q.3a if the slab is isotropically reinforced with moment of resistance mkNm/m. Show that the minimum collapse load occurs when a=4.374m. (10 marks)




b. Figure Q3b shows a corbel in elevation. The bearing plates extend across the full width of the corbel. Draw a suitable strut and tie model for the design of the main tensile reinforcement. Estimate the dimensions of the critical nodes and design the main tensile reinforcement. Assume that the design concrete strength in the nodes is 15MPa and the design yield strength of the reinforcement is 435MPa. Make a neat sketch of a suitable reinforcement arrangement. (10 marks)

ac=200 P=350 kN 225mm

300 mm thick


To be determined

Question 3b

Data sheet : Reinforced Concrete Torsion

Tstirrup = 2 Ak f yd

As cot s

A SL f yd =

TRd2 U k cot 2A k

1cot 2.5 u.n.o