AHS&E Distance Learning Information v7 May 2013[1] | Personal Protective Equipment | Asbestos

Transport for London

London Underground

Distance learning information

Access, Health, Safety and Environment

Version 7 - May 2013

MAYOR OF LONDON

Distance learning information

Aim of this learning
The aim of this learning is to provide you with the necessary Access, Health, Safety and Environmental (AHS&E) information to enable you to access and work on London Underground (LU) infrastructure safely.

Objectives of this learning
The objectives of this learning is to enable you to: • state your actions when preparing for work • list the different site locations you may be asked to work in • outline the different topics you will need to consider when getting to work • state what you need to consider when preparing yourself for work • state your actions when working on site • describe your actions when finishing work.

Assessment
You will be assessed on the underpinning knowledge and understanding you have gained by reading this distance learning information. The assessment is computer based and consists of multiple-choice questions which require you to input the correct answers. In order to achieve the required standard in the assessment you must answer at least 14 questions correctly out of 16. The time allowed for the assessment will be 20 minutes.

Achievement
Once you have achived the required standard you will be issued with a LUCAS smartcard with your AHS&E achievement electronically entered on to it.

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Support If you require any support you should email LUCAS@tube. If your LUCAS smartcard is misused it could be withdrawn and suspended.tfl.uk where your question or query will be answered within 24 hours (excluding weekends and public holidays).gov. 2 .Distance learning information Using your LUCAS smartcard Your LUCAS smartcard: • only enables you to access and work on LU infrastructure when authorised to do so • must be shown on demand • must not be used for travel at anytime (a valid ticket is always required) • does not authorise any work • can only be used by you and nobody else • remains the property of LU • must always be in date.

You may also need documentation that is relevant for your certificate to be valid.Preparing yourself for work 1 section 1 Preparing yourself for work LU rules LU has several rules and procedures in place for your health and safety. the rules are mandatory and must be complied with at all times. for example type training for a piece of equipment that you may use. There may be several other certification/licence/qualification requirements that you need to work on LU infrastructure. Certification When working on LU infrastructure you must have the correct certification for the activity you will be carrying out. 3 . Any certification and associated licences/qualifications should be carried with you at all times when working on LU infrastructure. for example to work on the track in daylight hours with trains moving under protection. The rules for working at the interface of the operational railway are contained in the LU Rule Books 1 to 22. for example: • First aid • Manual handling • Small plant • Power tools • Welding. you would need to have a track certificate endorsed track accustomed or basic track awareness.

It is an offence to work under the influence of drugs or alcohol whilst accessing or working on LU infrastructure. a single measure of spirits or one glass of wine. PPE can consist of some or all of the following: • High visibility clothing • Hard hat • Protective footwear • Gloves • Ear defenders • Protective glasses (A mandatory requirement for working on some construction sites) • Dust mask. If it is not. Misuse of drugs and alcohol is a disciplinary matter that may lead to prosecution. This is not an exhaustive list as there may be other items of PPE required for the task being carried out. it must be replaced by your employer at no additional cost to yourself. and no units should be consumed in the 8 hours immediately before duty. These will be detailed in the method statement for the job. You will not be allowed to sign in or work if you are suspected of being under the influence of drugs or alcohol. 4 . not more than 7 units should be consumed in the 24 hours before reporting for duty. A unit of alcohol is (as a general guide only): • half a pint of general strength lager. If you are taking any medication you must always report it to your manager or site person in charge before starting work.1 section Preparing yourself for work Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Approved high visibility clothing must be worn at all times when working on LU infrastructure. Your PPE must be in good condition. Some beers and spirits may be stronger. Drugs and alcohol To guarantee starting work with a zero blood alcohol level.

signing in and out with the station supervisor. and collect any keys for the relevant location. Roles and responsibilities When working on LU infrastructure you may come in to contact with: • A station supervisor.ensuring there is a safe system of work -. and signing a group of ten or more in and out of a station 5 . this is: • to allow you entry on to LU infrastructure • so that you can be located in the event of an evacuation.signing people in and out of a station -.the discipline of the workgroup -.briefing the workgroup -. A site person in charge is accountable for: -.the work in progress and the programme of work -. When signing in you must ensure you: • sign the visitors book and/or the evacuation register • obtain a visitors pass or sticker (which must be worn at all times) • are aware of where the Staff Assembly Point (SAP) is located. If you are working in a depot you must sign in at the gatehouse.running a station safely and efficiently -.Site locations 2 section 2 Site locations Signing in at LU premises You must always sign in when entering LU premises. and report to the duty depot manager’s office. and the emergency procedures for that location. • A site person in charge. A station supervisor is responsible for: -.evacuating people from the station in the event of a fire or other emergency. Example of a staff assembly point indicator If you have to access a station that is unstaffed or closed you will have to make the necessary arrangements to get signed in.

2 section Site locations -. A person protecting workers on the track is usually identified by a claret armband with blue lettering worn on the right arm above the elbow. Example of a site person in charge armband • A protection master who is responsible for your protection if you are working on the track under protection. 6 .plant and materials -. Example of a protection master armband • A person protecting workers on the track. A duty depot manager is responsible for running a depot safely and efficiently on a shift to shift basis.general health and safety -. There may be other people that you could come into contact with depending on what activity or task you are carrying out. A person protecting workers on the track is responsible for safely managing worksites and providing protection on LU infrastructure when traction current has been switched off and trains are not running.checking certification of the workgroup -. A protection master is responsible for providing protection when a workgroup is working on or about the track or in a depot when traction current is on and trains are running.liaising with the station supervisor. protection master when trains are running or the person protecting workers on the track when trains are not running. A site person in charge is usually identified by a white armband with orange lettering worn on the left arm above the elbow. Example of an armband worn by the person protecting workers on the track • A duty depot manager. A protection master is usually identified by a blue armband with green lettering worn on the right arm above the elbow. depot duty manager.

This system: • is strictly confidential. loss or damage. or the activity you will be carrying out: Stations You can work at a station providing the proposed work has been approved. Work locations You may be asked to work in any of the following areas depending on what the task is. you must stop work and report the matter to your site person in charge or manager. and their future eradication in the workplace. and is independent of LU • ensures that a response to the issue is provided. Platforms Example of station grounds 7 . and does not cause inconvenience or risk to customers.Site locations 2 section Reporting incidents and near misses A near miss is a type of incident which could have caused harm. but did not on this occasion. Reporting procedures help in the identification of problems. A near miss or incident should be reported as soon as possible through the appropriate incident reporting process. CIRAS can be contacted on 08004101101 (Text 07507285887). You should not resume work until action has been taken to address the serious or imminent danger. Serious and imminent danger If you believe that you or others are in serious or imminent danger. Confidential Incident Reporting Analysis System (CIRAS) The CIRAS system is a reporting system which gives you the option to report a safety issue if you are unable to report it in the normal way. You can work on a platform providing you are not working within two metres of the platform edge when trains are running without protection provided by a person competent to do so.

8 . and are competent to do so.2 section Site locations Track You can work on the track providing you are correctly certificated to do so. running rails or positive and negative traction current rails. When working on the track you should only walk on the ballast. Example of track components Depots You can work at a depot providing you have the correct certification. and if required protection is in place. Remember It is dangerous to walk on the sleepers.

Parking When parking a vehicle you must have consideration for neighbouring properties. There must also be a certificated operator in attendance. Loading and unloading When loading and unloading a vehicle you should: • observe rules on manual handling • only use designated routes to unload tools and equipment • keep any noise to a minimum. Using a lift.Getting to work 3 section 3 Getting to work Arriving at site For your own safety when arriving at a site you should: • park in well lit areas • take care when passing social premises and gatherings. escalator or moving walkway to your site person in charge. Remember! You should report any damage to the lift. you should take care not to cause injury to yourself or others. escalator or moving walkway to move tools or equipment you must have a valid movement of materials licence for the lift. as you may become a target if people are intoxicated • travel in groups if possible • ensure you take the necessary precautions when working alone. and: • park in a responsible manner • use authorised parking spaces where appropriate • switch off the engine when possible. 9 . escalator or moving walkway listing the tools and equipment to be moved. escalator or moving walkway If you have to use a lift. escalator or moving walkway to move tools and equipment. In order to use a lift.

You will be briefed by the site person in charge before the work starts on what you are going to be doing. and they will also have a risk assessment that will identify any hazards that can affect your health and safety. All work requires a method statement and risk assessment to be in place. speak to your site person in charge.4 4 section Preparing for work Preparing for work Method statement and risk assessment Your site person in charge will have a method statement to describe how the job will be completed. 10 . and the environment. and how to keep yourself safe. or you do not understand it. Remember! If you do not receive the briefing from your site person in charge.

personal audio devices.g. Confined spaces Confined spaces are spaces that are enclosed.g: buried services (cables. e.g. Leptospirosis Leptospirosis (also known as Weils disease) is a bacterial infection which is transmitted by infected animals. inverts or cable ducts. most commonly from the urine of rats. Restricted items There are some items that can contribute to accidents and incidents on LU infrastructure. pipes etc). Infection can be avoided by: • covering exposed cuts and abrasions with a waterproof dressing • using suitable PPE • removing dirty work clothing before eating • washing your hands and forearms with soap and water as soon as possible.Working on site 5 section 5 Working on site Worksite hazards and risks Before starting work. There are additional risks for working in a confined space. mobile phones with earpieces • consumption of food and drink in non designated areas • the use of metal ladders near live track (including towers). 11 . check with your site person in charge that there are no known risks or hazards that may affect you or your work. therefore the following items have been restricted: • radios. Arrangements for your safety will be put in place by the site person in charge. from sewage or water infected with rats urine (water in tunnels) or from direct contact e. You can get infected by Leptospirosis through indirect contact e. from a rat bite or direct exposure to rats urine in tunnels. Electricity You cannot work on any electrical equipment on LU infrastructure unless you are competent to do so. for example: • a chamber • a pit • a tank • a platform invert.

Slips and trips Working on LU infrastructure can be hazardous. so you should take care to avoid anything that could cause you to slip or trip. you should tell your site person in charge immediately. Arrangements for working at height will be put in place by your site person in charge. Dust and dust control There may be dust in tunnels or from the use of tools and equipment. 12 .5 section Working on site Working at height There are additional risks for working at height safely. For example: • Cables • Signalling equipment • Aerials • Antennas • Cameras. throat. Track and station equipment Care should be considered at all times when you come into contact with any track or station equipment on LU infrastructure. lungs and eyes. If you damage any or see any damaged track or station equipment. You can avoid slips and trips by: • following good housekeeping guidelines • keeping the worksite tidy • pay attention to what you are doing • not cutting corners when it comes to safety • not being distracted from the task at hand • not leaving tools or equipment lying around • Walking on the ballast when on the track. that can irritate the nose. Your site person in charge will explain how you can minimise dust. Remember! 50% of slips and trips are caused by poor housekeeping.

This can be a danger to you and anyone working with you. Asbestos Asbestos is a natural mineral found in rock. Due its strong and flexible nature it has been used as a building material for over 150 years. Needle-stick injuries On occasions drug users leave hypodermic syringes lying around LU infrastructure. If you see any hypodermic syringes you should: • not touch them as you could become contaminated (e. Remember! Products that contain asbestos can look identical to those that do not. The Control of Asbestos Regulations 2012 requires those who manage non-domestic premises to protect persons from the risk of ill health and exposure to asbestos. this also includes second hand use of asbestos products.g. such as asbestos cement sheets. which disguises its true colour. and if so the amount. • Provide information on the location and condition of the material to anyone who is liable to work on or disturb it. You cannot always tell whether a material contains asbestos simply by looking at it. HIV/hepatitis) • report them to the site person in charge to ensure they are removed safely Remember! Hypodermic syringes can also be left in spaces that you cannot see into. Their duty is to: • Take reasonable steps to find out if there are materials that contain asbestos.Working on site 5 section Noise at work Exposure to excessive noise would have been identified in the method statement and risk assessment. Often asbestos is masked by other materials or is dyed. 13 . where it is and what condition it is in • Assess the risk of anyone being exposed to asbestos fibres from the material identified • Prepare a plan that sets out in detail how the risks from these materials will be managed • Implement that plan • Periodically review and monitor the plan to ensure it is always up to date. The law Asbestos is banned from use within the United Kingdom. Your site person in charge will ensure the necessary controls are put in place.

These fibres.5 section Working on site Effects to your health Generally. this can then lead to asbestos related diseases such as lung cancer or asbestosis. Cable sheathing and washers Pit block Corrugated sheeting Rope gasket Insulation Tunnel ring caulking 14 . for example: • Sheathing for cables and washers • Insulation • Pit blocks • Tunnel ring caulking • Cable troughing • Corrugated sheeting • Rope gaskets. materials in good condition that contain asbestos are safe. Asbestos on LU infrastructure It is known that various materials used on LU infrastructure contain asbestos. they can often take a long time to develop. They become dangerous when they are damaged or have deteriorated. when breathed in over a period of time can get deep into your lungs. When asbestos is broken down it releases tiny fibres into the air. Smokers are at greater risk of contracting an asbestos related disease than non-smokers. If the fibres get lodged in your lungs they cannot be broken down by your body’s natural defences or coughed out. These diseases will not affect you immediately.

If you uncover or discover anything that may contain asbestos you must stop any work which may disturb it. Any asbestos removal work will only be carried out by a licensed contractor. When you arrive at site you will be given a briefing. These surveys are used to produce risk assessments and set priorities for the appropriate managers. It is your right to be protected from asbestos at all times. It is your legal duty to cooperate with the duty holder in managing the asbestos. 15 . Accidental disturbance of asbestos If you accidentally disturb asbestos you must: • Stop work immediately and vacate the area • If possible isolate the area to prevent exposure. It is your responsibility to understand the briefing. if you do not understand anything you must speak to the site person in charge. for example close any doors • Notify the site person in charge. and report it to your site person in charge or local manager. Your responsibilities Asbestos products can look similar to asbestos-free materials and can sometimes only be identified under a microscope. so you should always seek assistance before moving any materials that you think may contain asbestos. This means you must comply with any instructions regarding asbestos given at the briefings you receive on site. You must avoid disturbing or attempting to remove known materials that contain asbestos at all times. You must not return to an area that contains asbestos until you are told it is safe to do so by the site person in charge.Working on site 5 section Surveys are undertaken at: • stations • depots • rented properties • other locations (for example the track). local manager or station supervisor • Ensure that the accidental disturbance is reported through the appropriate incident reporting process. Always ask your site person in charge if the building you are working in has been checked for asbestos.

this is known as the triangle of fire. A diagram of the triangle of fire Fire prevention Fire prevention is achieved by actions that break any of the potential links between the three elements of the triangle of fire. To help avoid a fire you should: • keep fire doors closed • tidy away any rubbish • not overload electrical circuits • keep flammable liquids in sealed metal containers • switch off electrical equipment when not in use • maintain electrical equipment. 16 . The three elements of the triangle of fire are: • Fuel • Heat • Oxygen. Each of the elements can be removed by: • Cooling to remove the heat • Smothering to remove the oxygen • Starving to remove the fuel.5 section Working on site Triangle of fire For a fire to start. the three elements of a fire have to come together at the same time. If any one of the three elements is removed the fire will go out.

17 .Working on site 5 section Discovering a fire If you discover or cause a fire on LU infrastructure you should: • raise the alarm by using a ‘fire call point’. If you are working on a station the station supervisor will evacuate the station and call the Fire Brigade. and ensure that you inform others around you • go to the Staff Assembly Point (SAP) when the evacuation alert sounds. if possible • go to the Staff Assembly Point. Emergency evacuation If the evacuation alarm sounds whilst you are in the workplace you should: • immediately follow the instructions given to you at the safety briefing • evacuate ensuring others are evacuating with you • always walk and do not run • not delay to collect your belongings • not use any lifts • close doors and windows behind you.g. the Fire Brigade). Remember! You cannot re-enter the workplace until you are told to do so by an authorised person (e.

5 section Working on site Fire extinguishers There are three types of portable fire extinguisher that can be found on LU premises: • Water • AFFF spray • CO2. it should be left to trained personnel. you must report it to the station supervisor if on a station. If you discover that a fire extinguisher is defective or has been used. The colour coding on a fire extinguisher is: • Black – CO2 • Cream – AFFF spray • Red – Water. for example the Fire Brigade. Types of fire extinguisher Tackling a fire You should not attempt to tackle a fire. 18 . the duty depot manager if in a depot or your site person in charge.

19 . British Standards safety signs The BSEN (British Standard European Number) safety signs are in place for your health and safety.for example high voltage is present Remember! You must obey all safety signs found on LU infrastructure. depot staff or the site person in charge immediately • not touch or move it • not use a radio or mobile phone in the area. Fire equipment . You may find the following safety signs around the LU infrastructure.Working on site 5 section Unattended items (suspect packages) If unattended items are left on LU infrastructure they could be treated as a suspect package.for example fire exits and first aid points Prohibition (must not do) .for example you must keep fire doors shut Safe way .for example no smoking in this area Warning . If you find an unattended item you should: • report it to station staff.for example fire equipment is nearby Mandatory (must do) .

what it can do if it is not treated properly and a workplace example. Symbol meaning What it means Corrosive What it can do May destroy living tissue on contact Workplace example Sulphuric acid Toxic Can cause damage to health Lead paint Oxidising Can react with other chemicals Chlorine Explosive Can explode Detonators Flammable Can catch fire Gas Dangerous to the environment May present an immediate Engine oil or delayed danger to one or more components of the environment Can cause inflammation to the skin Bleach Irritant/harmful Your site person in charge will brief you on any harmful substances that you may come into contact with whilst working on LU infrastructure.5 section Working on site Hazard symbols Hazardous substances in the workplace are identified by the symbols shown below. the table also shows what each symbol means. 20 .

or absorb it by other means e. Waste cannot be brought in from home. Waste management You and the company you are employed by can be fined for not managing waste or causing litter. you should seek first aid immediately. You should inform your site person in charge or local manager if you spill any substances. If chemicals or hazardous material come into contact with the skin.g. sand. Hazardous waste and non-hazardous waste must always be kept segregated. stored and disposed of correctly. Waste must never be left on site at the end of a shift. this is considered fly tipping and is against the law. If a spill kit is not available you should try to contain the spill. 21 .Working on site 5 section Spillages When using substances make sure you have a spill kit available and the appropriate PPE to deal with any spillages. All waste has to be adequately contained away from drains.

6 6 section Finishing work Leaving the site You should always make sure that the site is left clean and tidy to allow stations to open and trains to run. You must not sign out on behalf of a colleague. It is the responsibility of the site person in charge to arrange for the removal and storage from the worksite of any: • equipment • materials • plant and tools. When you have finished work you must sign out and return your visitors badge or sticker. If you do not sign out the evacuation register will show you as still on the premises. and a member of the emergency services or station staff may risk their life looking for you. 22 .

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