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44

:
:

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45


, , .
0, f. f 0 : () f
() 0 (, , , ).

f 0

lim
h 0

f ( x0 + h) f ( x0 )
.
h

, f(x0) f
0, f(x0) = lim
h 0

f ( x0 + h) f ( x0 )
.
h

(1)
f(x)=x2 1.
f .
0= 2 :

f ( x 0 ) = f ( 2) = 2 2 1 = 3
f ( x 0 + h) = f ( 2 + h) = ( 2 + h) 2 1 = 4 + 4h + h 2 1 = h 2 + 4h + 3

f ( x0 + h) f ( x0 ) f (2 + h) f (2) (h 2 + 4h + 3) 3 h 2 + 4h h(h + 4)
=
=
=
=
= h+4
h
h
h
h
h
f (2 + h) f (2)
: f(2) = lim
= lim(h + 4) = 0 + 4 = 4
h 0
h0
h

f 0,
f(x0) , :

f(x0), f(x0 +h) f

f ( x 0 + h) f ( x0 )
, , h
h
f ( x0 + h) f ( x0 )
, f(x0), ( 0) lim
h 0
h

h, ( )

0,

f ( x0 + h) f ( x0 )
lim
. ,
h 0
h
f ( x0 + h) f ( x0 )
f ( x0 + h) f ( x0 )
lim
lim+
h0
h0
h
h
.

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46

(2)

2 x 3,.....x < 0

f(x) =

2
x 3,.....x 0

0 = 0, :

f (0) = 0 2 3 = 3
f (0 + h) f (0) f (h) (3) f (h) + 3
=
=
h
h
h
f (0 + h) f (0)
(2h 3) + 3
2h
= lim
= lim
h<0: f(h) = 2h-3 lim
= 2 ,
h0
h0
h 0 h
h
h
(h 2 3) + 3
h2
f (0 + h) f (0)
h>0: f(h) = h3-3 lim+
= lim+
= lim+
= lim+ h = 0
h0
h0
h 0
h0 h
h
h
f (0 + h) f (0)
, lim
,
h 0
h
0=0


, ,
. , 0 ;

f : ( a, b) f ' ( x) : ( a, b) ,
f 0 (a, b) .
f : [a, b] f ': [a, b] ,
:
f 0 ( a, b)

lim
h0

f ( a + h) f ( a )
f (b + h) f (b)
, lim+
h

0
h
h

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47

(3)
f :

f ( x) = x 2 3x + 1

f ( x0 + h) f ( x0 ) ( x0 + h) 2 3( x0 + h) + 1 x0 + 3 x0 1
=
=
h
h
2
2
x0 + 2hx0 + h 2 3 x0 3h + 1 x0 + 3x0 1
=
h
2hx0 + h 2 3h h(2 x0 + h 3)
=
= 2 x0 + h 3
h
h
f ( x0 + h) f ( x0 )
=lim (2 x 0 + h 3) = 20 3.
, f(x0)= lim
h 0
h
2

, f.
(4)
f :[0, 2] f ( x) =

x+2

x 3


x0 ( 0, 2 ) .

( x0 + h ) + 2 x0 + 2
f ( x0 + h ) f ( x0 ) ( x0 + h ) 3 x0 3
=
=
h

lim
h 0

5h
5
=
.
h ( x0 + h 3)( x0 3)
( x0 + h 3)( x0 3)

f ( x0 + h ) f ( x0 )
5
=
2
h
( x0 3)

, 0=0 ( >0) 0=2 ( <2), :

lim+

h0

f ( +h ) f ( 0 )
f ( 2 + h ) f ( 2)
5
5
5
=
= lim
=
= 5 .
2
2
h0
h
9
h
( 3)
( 2 3)

, f [0,2]. x0 ( 0, 2 )

f ' ( x0 ) =

( x0 3)

lim+
h0

f ( +h ) f ( 0 )
f ( 2 + h ) f ( 2)
, lim
,
h0
h
h

f x [0, 2] f ' ( x0 ) =

( x0 3)

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48


, , :
f

c ()

1
, 0
x

0
1

1
x2
1

x , >0

2 x

, 0

-1

ex
lnx, x>0

ex
1
x

(5)
:
f.
a. f ( x) = x 5
d. f ( x) = 5 x
b.
c.

1
x5
f ( x) = x

f ( x) =

e.

f ( x ) = ln x

f ( x) = 3 x 2

:
a. f ( x) = x 5 =5, ,
f

f '( x ) = ( x 5 ) = 5 x 51 = 5 x 4
'

1
= x 5 =-5, x5
, f *

b. f ( x ) =

'

'
1
5
1
f '( x) = 5 = ( x 5 ) = 5 x 51 = 5 x 6 = 5 6 = 6
x
x
x

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49
c. f ( x ) =

x=x

a = 1 ,

, f

( x) = (x

) = 12 x
'

1 1
1 1
1 1
1
= x 2 = 1 =
=
2
2 x 2 2 x 2 x
1
d. f ( x) = 5 x = x 5 a = 1 , 5
, f
'
1 '
1 1 1 1 4
1 1
1 1
1
f '( x) = 5 x = x 5 = x 5 = x 5 = 4 =
=
5
5
5 x 5 5 5 x4 5 5 x4
f '( x) =

'

1 1
2

( )

( )

e. f ( x) =

x2 = x

a = 2 ,

, f

( x ) = ( x ) = 23 x
'

'

2 1
2 1
2 1
2
= x 3 = 1 = 3 = 3
3
3 x 3 3 x 3 x
f. f ( x) = ln x (0, + )
1
f '( x) =
x
f '( x) =

2 1
3



, :

( f g ) '( x) = f '( x) g '( x)


(cf ) '( x) = cf '( x)
( fg ) '( x) = f '( x) g ( x) + f ( x) g '( x)
'

f
f '( x) g ( x) f ( x) g '( x)
, g ( x) 0
( x) =
g 2 ( x)
g

(6)
:
b.

f ( x) = + , > 0
f ( x) = 2005

c.

f ( x) = ( x 2 4 x ) ln x

d.

f ( x) =

a.

x2 4
x2 + 2

:
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50

:
a.

x (0, +) ,

f ( x) = + (0, +) '
'
1
'
f '( x) = + = ( ) + = +
2
b. , 2005 -

( )

f '( x) = ( 2005 ) = 2005 ( ) = 2005 ( ) = 2005


'

'

c. (2-4) lnx (0, + ) -

'

f '( x) = x 2 4 x ln x = x 2 4 x ln x + x 2 4 x ( ln x ) =

( 2 x 4 ) ln x + ( x 2 4 x )

'

'

x ( x 4)
1
x2 4 x
= ( 2 x 4 ) ln x +
= ( 2 x 4 ) ln x +
=
x
x
x

( 2 x 4 ) ln x + x 4
d. 2-4 2+2 ( x 2 + 2 0 x ) ,

x2 4
f ( x ) = 2
x +2

2
2
2
2
2x ( x2 + 2) ( x2 4) 2x
x2 4 ( x 4) ( x + 2) ( x 4) ( x + 2)
f '( x) = 2
=
=
=
'
2
2
2
x +2
x
2
x
+
2
+
(
)
(
)
'

'

2 x 3 + 4 x 2 x3 + 8 x

(x

+ 2)

'

12 x

(x

+ 2)

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51


f(x) g(x). f(x) g(x), y=f(g(x)) g f. , y = (4 7) y = 4 x 7 y = .

( f ( g ( x)) )

'

= f ' ( g ( x)) g ' ( x).

:
1.

2.

'
( g ( x) ) = g ( x) g ' ( x)
'
'
( 3 ) = 3 ( 3 ) = 3 3
'
( g ( x) ) = g ( x) g ' ( x)


3.

( g ( x) )

'

) =
'

( ) =
'

1
g ' ( x)
2
g ( x)
'

'

1
1
1
1

=
=
=

2 2 2
2 2
2 2
2
2
2
1
'
4. ( g ( x) ) =
g ' ( x)
2 g ( x)

( (
5.

+ 1) ) =

'

g ( x) =

6.

2x 2
2 x2 2 x

(e ) = e
g ( x) '

g (x)

2 ( x 1)
2 x2 2 x

'

( + 1)
2

2 =

2
( 2 + 1)
2

'

1
2 x2 2 x
x 1

( x2 2 x ) =
'

1
2 x2 2 x

( 2x 2)

x2 2x

g ' ( x)

( ln g ( x) )

x2 2 x =

e4 x
7.

( 2 + 1) =
'

( + 1)
2

1
g ' ( x)
2 g ( x)

'

) =e
'

4 x 2 5

( 4 x 2 5) = e4 x
'

(8x ) = 8x e4 x

1
g ' ( x)
g ( x)

( ln( x

+ 3 x + 1) ) =
'

'
1
1
2x + 3
( x 2 + 3 x + 1) = 2
(2 x + 3) = 2
x + 3x + 1
x + 3x + 1
x + 3x + 1
2


f : A

f ' : A , f ' ': A


f f ' ' ( x) = ( f ' ( x))'
:

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52

f ( 3) ( x), f

( 4)

( x)....


y = x + -

.
.
() ( )
xx,
, .
=

0 < 180 0 <


= 0 = 0 = 0 // xx ( yy )
< 90 > 0 > 0
> 90 < 0 < 0
= 90
xx.

>0
=0

<0
=0

= = 0 y = 0 xx

>0
>0

<0
>0

>0
<0

<0
<0

=0
> 0 y =

=0
<0 y =

x = x0

x=0

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53


f 0 A
f A( 0 , f ( 0 )) ( )
f '( 0 ) .

y = f( )

A(x , f x )

A(xo , f ( xo ) )
A(x , f ( x ))

xo

: y = + f 0
:
= f '( 0 )
= f '( 0 )
/ / xx ' f '( 0 ) = 0
f '( 0 ) = a 0 +

f
f '( ) = 0
: : y = + f '( ) =
f '( ) 0 f '( ) = 0 , f

(1 ) : y = 1 x + 1
( 2 ) : y = 2 x + 2

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54

:
1 // 2 1 = 2 .

1 2 1 2 = 1 .

(xo ,f ( x o )) f ( xo )
.
( x o , f ( x o )) , y = x+ ( 1 )
f ( xo ) f ( x )
f ( x ) , = f ( x )
,

(1)
: :
y f ( xo ) = f ( xo ) ( x xo )
.

(xo ,f ( x o )) x o
xx
f ( xo ) = x o
xx
f ( x0 ) = 0 x o
() f ( xo ) = x o
() f ( xo ) = 1 x o
, x o
x o
y = x+ ( 1)
f ( xo ) f ( x )
f ( x ) , = f ( x )
,

(1)
f ( xo ) () f ( x ) ()
.

y = 1 x+1
y = 2 x+ 2

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55

1 = 2
:
.
1 = 2


.


1) ( ) f ( x) = 2 x 2 3 x + 1 . :
i) C f ( A( x0 , f ( x 0 )) .
ii) f f :
) =

) .
) : 5 x y + 1 = 0 .
) : y = + 1974 .
) (-1,-12).

i) .:

= f '( x0 ) = 4 xo 3
ii) A( x0 , f ( x 0 )) .
) :

= f '( x0 ) =

4 xo 3 = 1 xo = 1
4
f ( x0 ) = f (1) = 2 3 + 1 = 0 . :
y f (1) = f '(1)( x 1) y 0 = 1 ( x 1) y = x 1
):

= 0 f '( x0 ) = 0 4 xo 3 = 0 xo =

3
4

3
9
3
1
f ( x0 ) = f ( ) = 2 3 + 1 =
4
16
4
8

1
3
1
y f ( x0 ) = f '( x0 )( x x0 ) y ( ) = 0( x ) y = ( )
8
4
8
) :

= f '( x0 ) = 5 4 x0 3 = 5 x0 = 2

f ( x0 ) = f (2) = 2 4 3 2 + 1 = 3

y f ( x0 ) = f '( x0 )( x x0 ) y f (2) = f '(2)( x 2)


y 3 = 5( x 2) y = 5 x 7
) :
:

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56

= 1 f '( x0 ) 1 = 1 f '( x0 ) = 1 4 x0 3 = 1 x0 =

1
2

1
1
1
f ( x0 ) = f ( ) = 2 3 + 1 = 0
2
4
2
:

1
1
1
1
1
y f ( ) = f '( )( x ) y 0 = 1 ( x ) y = x +
2
2
2
2
2
) :

y f ( x0 ) = f '( x0 )( x x0 ) y (2 x0 2 3 x0 + 1) = (4 x0 3)( x x0 ) (1)


(-1,-12), (1)
= -1 y=-12 .:

12 (2 x0 2 3x0 + 1) = (4 x0 3)(1 x0 ) x0 2 + 2 x0 8 = 0
( x0 = 2, x0 = 4)
x0 = 2 f ( x0 ) = f (2) = 3 f '( x0 ) = f '(2) = 5 , :

y f (2) = f '(2)( x 2) y 3 = 5( x 2) y = 5 x 7

x0 = 4 f ( x0 ) = f ( 4) = 45 f '( x0 ) = f '( 4) = 19 , :

y f (4) = f '(4)( x + 4) y = 19 x 31 .
2) f ( x) = 2 x 2 (o,f(xo)) C f f .
i) C f .
ii) xo , (i) (2,6).

i) : y = f '( xo ) x + y = 4 xo x + .
((o,f(xo)) :

f ( xo ) = 4 xo xo + = 2 2 4 2 = 2 2
: y = 4 xo x 2 xo 2
ii) (i) :
B(2,6)

6 = 4 2 2 2 2 2 8 + 6 = 0 2 4 + 3 = 0

= 1, , = 3

3) f ( x) = 2 x3 9 x 2 + 12 x + 15 . C f f

f ( x) = 0 ,
:6

2 x 3 9 x 2 + 12 x + 15 = 0 2 3 + 2 = 0 = 1, = 2
(1,f(1)) B(2,f(2)), (1,20) (2,19).

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57

4) f ( x) = x3 + 2 2 6 , Cf f xx .

f '( x ) < 0 x R ,

Cf (o,f(xo))

: = f '( x0 ) < 0

< < .

f '( x0 ) = 3 2 + 4 6 < 0 x R , 3 2 + 4 6
= 4 2 4( 3)( 6) = 56 < 0 -3 2 .
5) f f ( x ) = 2 + 3 1 x R . :
i) f '( x)
ii) , f x'x
135.

i) f '( x) = ( 2 + 3 1) ' = ( 2 ) '+ 3( ) ' (1) ' = 2 + 3


ii) : y = + f (0, f(x0)). : = f'(x0) (1).
= 135 = (180 - 45) = -45 = -1
f '( x) = 2 + 3 (1) : 1 = 2 + 3 2 = 3 + 1 2 + 4 = 2
. f ( x ) = 2 + 3 1 f (2) = 2 2 + 3 2 1 f (2) = 1
= -1, : y = + .

(2, f(2))

= (2, 1) , . : 1 = 2 + 1 + 2 = = 3
: : y = + 3

1
3

6) f f ( x) = 3 + 2 2 + 3 + 1 x R
i) f '( x)
ii) , ' ,
'.

1
3

i) : f '( x) = ( 3 + 2 2 + 3 + 1) ' =

1 3
1
( ) '+ 2( 2 ) '+ (1) ' = 3 2 + 2(2 ) + 0 = 2 + 4 + 3 ii)
3
3

f, ' ,
', (x0, f(xQ)).
', '
. : f '( x0 ) = 0 0 2 + 4 0 + 3 = 0
= 42 - 4 1 3 = 16 - 12 = 4 = 22 >
:

4 + 2
4 2
= 1 =
= 3
2
2

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58

= 1

1
1
1
f ( x0 ) = f (1) = (1)3 + 2(1)2 + 3(1) + 1 f (1) = + 2 3 + 1 f ( 1) =
3
3
3
0 = -3

1
3

1
3

f ( x0 ) = f ( 3) = (3)3 + 2( 3) 2 + 3( 3) + 1 f ( 3) = ( 27) + 2 9 9 + 1 f ( 3) = 1
, '
',
(-1,-1) (-3,1)

8) f () = 3
y = 48 - 64 ( x1 , f ( x1 ) . x1 .

ax13 = 48 x1 64

f '( x1 ) = 48

ax13 = 48 x1 64..(1)

16
3
ax1 = 48 a = x 2 ..(2)

1
(1) (2) :

16 3
x1 = 48 x1 64 16 x1 = 48 x1 64 x1 = 2
x12
16
(2) =
= 4.
4
9) ( 2010)

f ( x ) = 2 x2 x + 1 1 , x
f(x)-1
1. lim
x 1 x 1

2.
f x0=0
3. xx

1.

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59

f(x) - 1
2 x2 - x + 1 - 1 - 1
2 x2 - x + 1 - 2
lim
= lim
= lim
=
x -1
x -1
x 1 x -1
x1
x1

2 x2 - x + 1 - 1
2 x2 - x + 1 - 1 x2 - x + 1 + 1

= lim

=
lim
x -1

x1
x1
( x - 1) x2 - x + 1 + 1

2 x2 - x + 1 - 1
2 x2 - x

lim
x 1 ( x - 1)

lim
x 1 ( x - 1)

x2 - x + 1 + 1

2x ( x - 1 )

= lim
x 1 ( x - 1)

x2 - x + 1 + 1

2x

= lim
x 1
2
x - x + 1 + 1

x2 - x + 1 + 1

2 1

2
1 - 1+ 1 + 1

2
=1
2

2. f ( x ) = 2 x 2 x + 1 1 , x :

) (

f ( x ) = 2 x 2 x + 1 1 = 2

(x
=2

x + 1)

2 x x+1
2

2x 1
x2 x + 1

x2 x + 1 0 =
, x

f
x0=0 : f ( 0 ) =

2 0 1
02 0 + 1

= 1

3. -1
xx 135, 1350=-1



:
1
f:(, ) R (, ).
f(x)>0 (,), f (,)
f(x)<0 (,), f (,)
f(x)=0 (,), f (,)
f(x)>0 (,0), f(x)<0 (0,), f
0
f(x)<0 (,0), f(x)>0 (0,), f
0

:

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60

x0 A f, f(x0) :
f f ' ( x0 ) > 0 (a, x0 ) A f ' ( x0 ) < 0

( x0 , )
f f ' ( x0 ) < 0 (a, x0 ) A f ' ( x0 ) > 0 ( x0 , )
-
f :
1. f(x). f(x)>0 f(x)<0 ,

2. f(x)=0,
3. f(x)=0
f
4. f(x)
5. f ,
1 . ( )

f ( x) = x 2 + 4 x .
f

f ' ( x ) = ( x 2 + 4 x ) = 2 x + 4
'

f ' ( x) = 0 2 x + 4 = 0 2 x = 4 x = 2
:
x

2
+
f(x)
+
f(x)

.
, f . (, 2] .
[2, +) .
, . 0=2,

f (2) = 22 + 4 2 = 4 + 8 = 4
f , , f (2) = 4.
FERMAT
, : f(x0)=0. ,

f 0
f(x0)=0.

f, :
:

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61

f
f .
f
f . f
f
(10)
f ( x) = x 2 + ax + . a,
f 0=3 8.

f () 0=3,
Fermat f ' ( 3) = 0.

f ' ( x) = x 2 + ax +

) = 2 + ,
'

f ' (3) = 0 2 3 + a = 0 6 + a = 0 a = 6
,

0=3

f ( 3) = 8 3 + ( 6 ) 3 + = 8 9 18 + = 8 9 = 8 = 8 + 9 = 17

8,

=-6 =17.
2


2
f : (, ) R 0 . f
0, 0 f(x0)<0, 0 f(x0)>0

x y y = f ( x) , f x0 , f ' ( x0 ) y x 0.

S(t) , . .

t0 , : (t0 ) = S ' (t0 ) = lim
h 0

S (t0 + h) S (t0 )
h

( )
, : a (t0 ) = S '' (t0 ) = ' (t0 ) = lim
h 0

(t0 + h) (t0 )
h

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62

(1)
S ( ) t sec :

5
S (t ) = t 3 10t 2 + 21t + 3, 0 t 6.
3
S(t) .

5
3

'

(t ) = S ' (t ) = t 3 10t 2 + 21t + 3 = 5t 2 20t + 21


t=2sec (2) = 5 22 20 2 + 21 = 1 m sec
(t ), . :

a (t ) = ' (t ) = ( 5t 2 20t + 21) = 10t 20 t=2sec a (t ) = 10 2 20 = 0


'


, ,
=- . h x0 ,

K ( x0 + h) K ( x0 )
K ( x)
lim
h 0
x
h

0. , 0 (0), () 0.
(2)
, () () K ( x) = 800 + 550 x 15 x 2 +

1 3
x ( ) = 425 .
3

1 1

T ( x) = ( x) K ( x) = 425 x 800 + 550 x 15 x 2 + x 3 = x 3 + 15 x 2 125 x 800


3
3

1
3

'

T ' ( x) = x3 + 15 x 2 125 x 800 = x 2 + 30 x 125



1) f ( x) = 5 x + 1 + 2 x 2 .

xo =

1
5

1
5x + 1 < 0 x < ,
5

5 x + 1 = ( 5 x + 1) ,

f ( x) = ( 5 x + 1) + 2 x 2 = 2 x 2 5 x 1, (1)

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63

1
5x + 1 0 x ,
5

5 x + 1 = 5 x + 1,

f ( x) = ( 5 x + 1) + 2 x 2 = 2 x 2 + 5 x + 1, (2)
1
2
2 x 5 x 1, x < 5
(1) (2) f ( x) =
2 x 2 + 5 x + 1, x 1

:
x <

1
h < 0
5

2
2
1

1
1
1
1

1
2 + h 5 + h 1 2 5 1
f + h f

5
5
5
5

5 = lim 5
lim
=
h 0
h 0
h
h
29

29
h 2h
2h 2 h
29
29
5

5 = lim
lim
= lim 2h =
(3)

h 0
h

0
h

0
h
h
5
5

x >

1
h > 0
5

2
2
1

1
1
1
1

1
2
h
5
h
1
2

+
+

+
+


+ 5 + 1
f + h f

5
5
5
5

5 = lim 5
lim+
=
+
h 0
h 0
h
h
21

21
h 2h +
2h 2 + h
21 21
5

5 = lim
= lim+ 2h + =
(4)
lim
+
h 0+
h 0
h 0
h
h
5 5

(3) (4),

f + h
5

lim
h 0
h

1
1

f
f + h
5 lim 5

h 0+
h

1
f
5 .

, f x0 =

1
5

2ax + 1,...........x 1

2) , f ( x) =

2
(a 1) x + 2 ,... > 1

0=-1

f 0=-1, 0=-1.

http://mathhmagic.blogspot.com

64

lim f ( x) = lim ( 2ax + 1) = 1 2a

x 1

x 1

lim f ( x) = lim ( a 1) x 2 + 2 = a 1 + 2
x 1
f (1) = 1 2a

x 1+

f 0=-1

lim f ( x) = lim+ f ( x) = f (1) 1 2a = a 1 + 2 3 = 2 3 (1)

x 1

x 1

:
<-1 h<0,

lim

f ( 1 + h ) f ( 1)
h

h 0

2a ( 1 + h ) + 1 2 ( 1) + 1
2ah
= lim
= lim
= 2a (2)
h 0
h 0
h
h

>-1 h>0,

( a 1)( 1 + h ) 2 + 2 2 ( 1) + 1


lim
= lim+
=
h 0+
h

0
h
h
( 1) (1 2h + h 2 ) + 3 + 2 1
lim
=
{ (1)}
h 0+
h
( a 1) (1 2h + h 2 ) + ( 2 3a ) + 2a 1
( a 1) h ( h 2 ) = a 1 2 = 2 1 a
lim+
= lim+
( )( ) ( )
h 0
h 0
h
h
f ( 1 + h ) f ( 1)

f 0=-1

lim

f ( 1 + h ) f ( 1)
h

= lim+

f ( 1 + h ) f ( 1)

h
1
1
a = , (1) =
2
6
h 0

h 0

2a = 2 (1 a ) a =

3) f 0 lim
x 0

1
2

f ( x)
= 1,
x

f '(0) = 1.

g ( x) =

f ( x)
f ( x) = x g ( x)
x

lim f ( x) = lim [ x g ( x)] = 0 1 = 0.


x 0

x 0

f, , =0,

f (0) = lim f ( x) = 0.
x 0

, : f '(0) = lim
x 0

f ( x) f (0)
f ( x)
= lim
= 1.
x

0
x0
x

4) :
i) x
:

http://mathhmagic.blogspot.com

65

ii) f ( x) = x +

iii) f ( x) = 3 2

iv) f ( x) = x 2 x + 8
v)( f ( x) = 2 x

+ 6 x +1

)(

x +1

+ ( )

i.

f ( x) = = eln

= e ln x

'

1

'
f ' ( x) = ( e ln x ) = e ln x ( ln x ) = ln x + == ln x +

ln x +
xln x +
1

ii. f ( x) = x + = e x = e x
x

'
'
x
'
1
1

xln x +
xln x +

1
1
1
1
1

f ' ( x) = e x = e x x ln x + = x + 1 ln x + + x
x + ==

1
x
x
x
x

x+
x

1
1
1
1
1
1
x x2 1

x + ln x + + x 2
1 == x + ln x + + x 2 2 ==
x + 1 x2
x
x
x
x
x + 1 x

x+
x


1
x2 x 2 1
1
ln
x
+
+
2 == x +


2
x x +1 x
x


1 x2 1
ln
x
+
+

x x 2 + 1

iii.

f ' ( x) = ( 3 2 ) = ( 3 ) ( 2 ) =
'

'

'

3 ( + ( ) ) 2 ( 2 ) = 3 ( 2 2 ) 2 2 =
'

3 2 2 = 2

{ 2 2 = 2 }

iv.

f ' ( x ) = ( x 2 x + 8 )

( 2 x 1) (

'
x + 1 = ( x 2 x + 8)

'

x + 1 + ( x 2 x + 8)

1
2 x

== ( 2 x 1)

x + 1 + ( x 2 x + 8)

x +1 +

'

x +1 =

x2 x + 8
2 x

http://mathhmagic.blogspot.com

66

f ' ( x) = 2 x

v.

2x

+ 6 x +1

+ 6 x +1

'

+ ( ) = 2 x

+ 6 x +1

( x 2 + 6 x + 1) ln 2 + ( ) ( ) =
'

'

( 2 x + 6 ) ln 2 ( )

5) f ( x) = ae x + e 2 x (, ), f ''( x) + 3 f '( x) + 2 f ( x) = 0

f '( x) = ( ae x + e2 x ) = ( ae x ) + ( e2 x ) = ae x ( x ) + e2 x ( 2 x ) =
'

'

'

'

'

ae x ( 1) + e 2 x ( 2 ) = ae x 2 e2 x

f ''( x) = ( ae x 2 e2 x ) = ( ae x ) ( 2 e 2 x ) = ae x ( x ) 2 e 2 x ( 2 x ) =
'

'

'

'

'

ae x ( 1) 2 e 2 x ( 2 ) = ae x + 4 e 2 x
:

f ''( x) + 3 f '( x) + 2 f ( x) = ( ae x + 4 e 2 x ) + 3 ( ae x 2 e2 x ) + 2 ( ae x + e 2 x ) =

( ae

3ae x + 2ae x ) + ( 4 e 2 x 6 e2 x + 2 e 2 x ) = 0 e x + 0 e

2 x

=0

6)( ) f ( x) = x3 6 x 2 + 9 x 1

f ' ( x) = ( x3 6 x 2 + 9 x 1) = 3 x 2 12 x + 9 = 3 ( x 2 4 x + 3) = 3 ( x 1)( 3)
'

:
x

1
3
+
f(x)
+
+
f(x)

.
.
, f . ( ,1] [3, +) .
[1,3].
, . 1=1,
f (1) = 13 6 12 + 9 1 1 = 1 6 + 9 1 = 3 , 2=3,

f (3) = 33 6 32 + 9 3 1 = 27 54 + 27 1 = 1
x2 1
.
x2 + 1
i. f ' ( x) f ' (1), f ' ( 1)

7) f ( x) =

ii. f

http://mathhmagic.blogspot.com

67

x2 1
1
x2 + 1

iii.

i. :

'

x 2 1 ( x 2 1)' ( x 2 + 1) ( x 2 1) ( x 2 + 1)'
f ( x) = 2 =
=
( x 2 + 1)2
x +1
2 x 3 + 2 x 2 x3 + 2 x
4x
=
.
2
2
2
2
( x + 1)
1
x
+
( )
'

2 x ( x 2 + 1) ( x 2 1) 2 x
( x 2 + 1) 2

4 ( 1)
4 4
4 1
4 4
= 2 = = 1 f ' (1) =
= 2 =
= 1
2
2
2
(1 + 1)
2
4
[(1) + 1]
2
4
4x
ii. f ' ( x) = 0
= 0 4x = 0 x = 0
2
2
x
+
1
( )
f ' (1) =

x 2 + 1

> 0 , f(x)

, :

0
+
x
f(x)
+
f(x)

.
f . (, 0] . [0, + ) .
f x0 = 0 , f (0) =

02 1 1
=
= 1
02 + 1 1

iii. f x0 = 0 , f ( x) f (0) -

x2 1
x . , 2
1 .
x +1

8)

3
6

x +

3
6

0 x +

f ( x ) = +

3
6

3 2
1
= 1 + 2 .
6
2
f '' ( x ) = + f ''' ( x ) = 1 0 { 1 1 }
f ' ( x) = 1 +

f '' (0) = 0 + 0 = 0, f ' (0) = 0 1 +

1 2
03
0 = 1 1 = 0, f (0) = 0 0 + = 0
2
6
http://mathhmagic.blogspot.com

68

f(x) + , x 0 f '' ( x) f '' (0) f '' ( x) 0. f . + ,


x 0 f ' ( x) f ' (0) f ' ( x) 0. f .
+ , x 0

f ( x) f (0) f ( x) 0 +

6
6
2
9) f f ( x) = + + , , a 0 .
, f ,
x =

1
, -2
4

(0, 2)

f 0=

1
,
4

1
4

Fermat f ' = 0.

f ' ( x) = ax 2 + x +

) = 2 + ,
'

1
f ' = 0 2a + = 0 + = 0 a = 2 (1)
4
2
4
1
,
0=

4

-2,


1
1
1
f = 2 a + + = 2 + + = 2 + 4 + 16 = 32 (2)
16 4
4
4
4
, (0,2),
f (0) = 2 a 02 + 0 + = 2 = 2 (3)
, :

= 2
= 2
= 2
= 2

= 2
= 2
= 2
= 2
+ 4 + 16 = 32 2 + 4 + 16 2 = 32 2 + 32 = 32 2 = 64

= 2
= 2

= 2 = 64
= 32
= 32

10) :

1
3
S (t ) = t 3 t 2 + 2t + 1 t sec
3
2
S(t) m.
) N t.
) ;
) ;
) 5 sec;
:

http://mathhmagic.blogspot.com

69

) :

1
3
u (t ) = S '(t ) = ( t 3 t 2 + 2t + 1) ' = t 2 3t + 2
3
2
) u (t ) = 0

u (t ) = t 2 3t + 2 = 0
= 2 4 = (3) 2 4 1 2 = 9 8 = 1
t1,2 =

(3) 1 3 1 t = 1
=
=
=
t=2
2
2 1
2

) :

u (t ) > 0 t 2 3t + 2 > 0 t < 1, t > 2


:

u (t ) < 0 t 2 3t + 2 < 0 1 < t < 2


) 5 sec :

S = S (1) S (0) + S (2) S (1) + S (3) S (2) =


11
5 11 91 5 87
1 + +
= m
6
3 6
6 3
6
11) ,
2

Q (t ) = e10 e1+ 6t t , t 0

) N t = 0.
) ;
) ;

) t=0 Q(0) , .
2

Q (0) = e10 e1+ 60 0 = e10 e

) :
2

Q(t ) = 0 e10 e1+ 6t t = 0 e10 = e1+ 6t t 10 = 1 + 6t t 2


1 + 6t t 2 10 = 0 t 2 6t + 9 = 0 (t 3)2 = 0 t = 3
) :
2

Q '(t ) = (e10 e1+6t t ) ' = e1+6t t (1 + 6t t 2 ) ' =


2

= e1+6t t (6 2t ) = e1+ 6t t (2t 6)


: 0 t 3 , : 2t 6 2t 6 0 .
, Q '(t ) 0 , .
12) cm :
:

http://mathhmagic.blogspot.com

70

( AB ) = 3 2 x
1
() = x
2

1
3
( ) = ( AB)() = (3 2 x)( x ) = 3x 2 x 2 + x =
2
2
3
2 x 2 + 4 x
2

'( ) ,

3
'( ) = (2 x 2 + 4 x ) ' = 4 x + 4
2

'( ) = 0 4 x + 4 = 0 x = 1

( ) =1

13) 500 cm3 . h R


, .

V = R h
2

500 = R 2 h h =

500

R2

'( ) = 4 x + 4
( ) = 2 x 2 + 4 x

+
3
2

E = 2 R 2 + 2 Rh

http://mathhmagic.blogspot.com

71

.
:

E '( R ) = 4 R

100 4 R 3 1000
=
R2
R2

R =

h=

250

10
,
3
4

500
500
5( 4 )
16
=
=
= 53
2
R 100

2
3
( 4 )
3

14) 64 cm2
.

y
>0 y>0 .

'( R)

10
4

( R )

E = xy xy = 64


( y ) -

.
:

2 x + 2 y = 2( x + y )
y

x+ y

x+ y

xy = 64 y =

64
x

x + y

http://mathhmagic.blogspot.com

72

f ( x) = x

64
x

f '( x) = 1

64
,x >0
x2

( 0, + )

f '( x) = 0

64
= 0 x 2 = 64 x = 8, = 8( )
2
x

f '( x) > 0 1

64
> 0 x 2 > 64 x > 8, ( > 0)
2
x

, f x + y x = 8 .

x = 8 y =

64
=8
8

cm

15) 10 (1989-1999)
:

f (t ) = 0.03t 3 +

368, 64

0 < t 10

http://mathhmagic.blogspot.com

73

f (t ) = 0.03t 3 +

368, 64
t

f '.

368, 64
368, 64
) ' = 30.03t 2
t
t2
368, 64
368, 64
2
f '(t ) = 0 3 0.03t 2
=

t
=

0
3
0.03
t2
t2
f '(t ) = (0.03t 3 +

0.09t 4 = 368, 64 0.09t 4 = 368, 64 t 4 = 4096 t = 4 4096 t = 8


8
(t = 8, )
f =8

.

16) , 1 cm,
t
0
10

+

f '(t )
f (t )

= y=,
()

E
()


y
2
=

=

1
3
2

0 < y < = 1 0 < < =

3
2

y = x (1

2
2 2
x) = x
x
3
3

3
f : 0,

2

2 2
f ( ) = x
x
3
:

http://mathhmagic.blogspot.com

74

f ( ) = ( x

0 =

2 2
4
x ) = 1
x=
3
3

3(

3
)
4

3
4

1
cm
2

0 =

3
4

3
cm
4

3 2
cm
8

17) 6cm 8 cm
,
.

V ( x) = x (6 x)(8 2 x) = 4 x (3 x )(4 x)

0< x<3

V '( x ) = (4 x(3 x)(4 x )) ' = 4(3 x 2 14 x + 12)

V '( x) = 0 4(3 x 2 14 x + 12) = 0 x1 =

x2 > 3

x1 =

7 13
7 + 13
, x2 =
3
3

7 13
3

18)
108 cm 2.
..
i) N

ii) , ;
:

http://mathhmagic.blogspot.com

75

iii) ;

i ) cm cm 2 x + 4 xh ,
xh , h .

108 x 2
x + 4 xh = 108 h =
4x
2

V ( x)

108 x 2
x3
= 27 x , x > 0
V ( x) = x h = x
4x
4
2

ii) :

x3
3x3
V '( x ) = (27 x ) ' = 27
4
4

3x 2
x2
V '( x) = 0 27
= 0 3(9 ) = 0 x 2 = 36 x = 6
4
4
2
3(36 x )
V '( x ) =
,
4

V '( x) > 0 x < 6,V '( x) < 0 x > 6


f

( 0, 6]

( 6, + ) .

=6,

h=

108 x 2 108 36
=
=3
4x
24


iii)

V (6) = 27 6

6 6 3

63
= 108cm 2
4

http://mathhmagic.blogspot.com

76

19)
R = 9 4t , t sec 0 t

9
.
4

, t = 1sec.

V t
:

4
4
3
2
V = V (t ) = R 3 = ( 9 4t ) E = E (t ) = 4 R 2 = 4 ( 9 4t ) .
3
3
V(t) E(t) t :
'

4
4
3
3 '
2
'
4
V (t ) = ( 9 4t ) = ( 9 4t ) = 3 ( 9 4t ) ( 9 4t ) =

3
3
3
'

4
2
2
3 ( 9 4t ) ( 4 ) = 16 ( 9 4t )
3
'

'

2
2
'
E ' (t ) = 4 ( 9 4t ) = 4 ( 9 4t ) = 4 2 ( 9 4t ) ( 9 4t ) = 8 ( 9 4t ) ( 4 ) = 32 ( 9 4t )

, t = 1sec : V ' (1) = 16 ( 9 4 ) = 16 52 = 400


2

E ' (1) = 32 ( 9 4 ) = 32 5 = 160


20) f f 2 ( x) f ' ( x) = x 2 + 1, x 0

f 2 ( x) f ' ( x)

1 3
f ( x) , :
3

'

1 3
x3
1 3
2
f
(
x
)
=
x
+
1

f
(
x
)
=
+ x + c (1)

3
3
3

(0,0)

1 3
0
f (0) = + 0 + c c = 0
3
3
1
x3
, (1) : f 3 ( x) =
+ x f 3 ( x) = x3 + 3x
3
3

f (0) = 0

x 0 x3 + 3 x 0 f ( x) =

x3 + 3x

http://mathhmagic.blogspot.com

77

( )
()
1)
i) f(x)=3x+1
x=3
2
ii) g(x)=x +5
x=-2
2) x0 , :
. f ( x ) =x 2 -x , x 0 = 2 .
5
x

. f ( x ) = , x 0 = 1 .
3) f ( x ) =x 3 x 0 = 8 x 0 = 0 .
4) f ( x ) = x x 0 = 4 .
5) f 0 lim
x0

f ( x)
= 5 . f ( 0 ) =0
x

f ( 0 ) .
6) f ( x ) =3x 2 +x . f :
. x 0 = -1 . x 0 = -1 .
, () ()
7) f ( x ) =

1
.
x-1

.
. f x 0 =1 ;
. f x 0 =1 ;
, () ()

8) f ( x ) =x 2 e x , : lim
x 1

f ( x ) -f ( 1)
.
x-1

( )
9) 2. ( =

22
)
7

10) x 2x+1. x x=10. ( m)


11) x x
x=1.
12) f ( x ) = 6x . :
.
. d ( x ) x
:

http://mathhmagic.blogspot.com

78

. d ( x ) x x=2.
13) ( o C ) ( t ) =-

2
t ( t-10 ) +37 ,
25

t [ 0,10 ] ( ). t=7 -

.
( )
14) :
. f ( x ) =-3

. f ( x ) =-3x 2

. f ( x ) =x 3

. x

. f ( x ) =-3x -3

4
5

. f ( x ) = 3

. f ( x ) =

. f ( x ) =4x 4

1
x

. f ( x ) =-

4
3

x4

2
x5

. f ( x ) = x

15) :
. f ( x ) =x 3 +3+

. f ( x ) =x 5 -4x 3 +2x-1

7
x2

. f ( x ) =3x 3 -2x 2 +x -3

16) :

i) f(x)=8x 3 -x+5

. f ( x ) = 3 x 2 -2x x +1 .
ii) f(x)=6x-8(x 2 +x) .

17) :
. f ( x ) =

10
x10

. f ( ) =2 +

1
2

. f ( t ) =t 2 +t-e .

18) f ( x ) =lnx+

2
2
4
g ( x ) =lnx+ -2 x.
x2
x
x

. f g
. f g
. f ( x ) =0 g ( x ) = 0
. f g .
19) : i) f(x)=(x 3 +1)(x 4 +1)

ii) f(x)=x(1-x) .

20) :
i) f(x)=xx+3(x+1)(x-1)
ii) f(x)=4x 2 x-3x 2 x .
21)
i) f ( x ) =x 4 -lnx
ii) f ( x ) =x 2 lnx
iii) f ( x ) = x x

iv) f ( x ) = ( 1-4x 3 ) ( 1+2x 2 ) .

22) f :
i) f ( x ) =

x
x +1

ii) f ( x ) =

x-2
x -2x+1
2

iii) f ( x ) =x+

9
x

iv) f ( x ) =

lnx
,x>0 .
x

23) :
i) f(x)=

x2
x+1

ii) f(x)=(2x 2 -3x)5

iii) f(x)=

x+x
.
1+x

24) f ( x ) f ( x ) =0 :
i) f ( x ) =2x 2 +

108
x

ii) f ( x ) =x (1600-2x )

x 2 +1
.
ex
3
1
i) f(x)=
ii) f(x)=
.
(x+1)2
1+x

iii) f ( x ) =x ( 9-x )2

25) :

iv) f ( x ) =

26) f ( x ) =x g ( x ) =x .
27)
i) f ( x ) =

x
1+x

ii) f ( x ) =

x 2 +1
x 2 -1

iii) f ( x ) =

e x +1
e x -1

iv) f ( x ) =

lnx+2
.
lnx+4

http://mathhmagic.blogspot.com

79

28) : i) f(x)=

lnx
x

29) f :
i) f ( x ) = ( x 2 +1) e x
ii) f ( x ) = ( x+1) lnx
iv) f ( x ) = x ( x+x )

.
.

iii) f ( x ) = ( 1+x ) (1+x ) -x-x

x ( x+x )

v) f ( t ) =

30) f ( x ) =

ii) f(x)=(2x+1)5 .

( 1+x ) (1+x ) -x-x

e x -1
.
e x +1

f( x)
f ( x ) > 0 , x .

31) f ( x ) = ( x-4 )

384
-6 .
x

. f
. f
. f ( x ) .
32) i) f ( x ) =x 3 ( x 2 +x ) ii) f ( x ) =x 3 x-1
( - )
33) :
ii) f(x)=(2x+1)5
iii) f(x)=(2x 2 -3x)5 .
i) f(x)=(x-1)5
34) :
) f ( x ) = x ( x-3 )2
) f ( x ) = ( x+2 ) ( x-3 )5

) f ( x ) = ( x 2 +x+1)

35) :
i) f(x)= 2x 2 -x
ii) f(x)= 1+x
iii) f ( x ) = x 4 +5
36)
i) f ( x ) = 3 x
ii) f ( x ) =3x
iii) f ( x ) = 4 x
37) :
i) f(x)= 3 x
ii) f(x)=x 3
iii) f(x)=x 4x

iv) f ( x ) =4x
iv) f(x)=3x .

39) :
i) f(x)=e 3x

ii) f(x)=e-x

iii) f(x)=e x+

iv) f(x)=

ex
.
e x +e -x

40) :
i) f(x)=ln2x

ii) f(x)=ln

1
x3

iii) f(x)=ln(x+)

iv) f(x)=ln x-1 .

41)
10
i) f ( x ) = ( x 2 -2x )
ii) x 2 -4x+5

iii) f ( x ) = ( x 2 +6x+1)

iv) f ( x ) = ( x 2 - x )

vi) f ( x ) =ln ( x 4 +x 2 +1) .

v) f ( x ) =e x

+2x+3

42) x0 :
i) f(x)=x ( 3x+5 )3 -3x 2 ( 3x+5 )2 , x 0 = -1
iii) f(x)=x 3x ,x 0 =

ii) f(x)=3x+ 2 x , x0 =
iv) f(x)=x 2 lnx-x 2 ,x 0 =e .

43)
i) f ( x ) =e 3x
ii) f ( x ) =e x -x
iii) f ( x ) =x ln ( e x +x ) .
2

44)
:

http://mathhmagic.blogspot.com

80

ii) f ( x ) =

3x+7

3x-7

i) f ( x ) = ( x 2 +x )

iii) f ( x ) = ( 3x-2 )

iv) f ( x ) = ( x-x ) .

45) x 0
i) f ( x ) =

1 1
+ +x+ x + 3 x , x 0 =1
x3 x

ii) f ( x ) = ( x-2 )4 ( x-1)2 , x 0 =3 iii) f ( x ) = 3-x- x+2 , x 0 = -1 .

46)
i) f ( x ) = 3 2x ii) f ( x ) = 5 ( x 2 + 1) iii) f ( x ) =ln 4 ( x 2 + 4 ) iv) f ( x ) = x 2 + 3 .
47)
i) f ( x ) =e x

-2x+3

ii) f ( x ) =ln ( x 2 -4x+5 )

iii) f ( x ) =x e -x iv) f ( x ) =

48)

i) f ( x ) =x x 2 +1+ln x+ x 2 +1
iii) f ( x ) =ln

x
6
+
x+1 x+1

x-1

( x+2 )

ii) f ( x ) =xln x+ x 2 +1 - 1+x 2


iv) f ( x ) =x ( lnx ) - ( lnx ) .

49) :
i) f ( x ) =ln

1+x
2-x
ii) f ( x ) =
.
1-x
2-x

50) f , : i)
g ( x ) =f 3 ( 2x ) ii) h ( x ) =ln ( f 2 ( x ) +2 ) iii) ( x ) =e

x 2 +5

).

51) f ( x ) = ( x 2 +1) e -x .
.
. f ( x ) =0
. f .
52) :
i) f ( x ) =x e x
ii) f ( x ) =5x+1
iii) f ( x ) =lnx .
53) :
x
iii) f ( x ) = x+7 .
x+1
x 2 -4x+5
54) f ( x ) =
.
x-2

i) f ( x ) =x ii) f ( x ) =

. f
. f f , f ( x ) =0 g ( x ) = 0
. f f .
( )
56) f ( x ) =2x 3 , A ( ,f ( ) ) f ( ) =f ( ) .
57) f ( x ) = ( x+1)2 ( 2x+ ) f (1) =2 , .
58) f ( x ) =x 2 +2x+3 . , f ( 1) =4 .
59) f ( x ) =x 3 +3x 2 -8x+2
. f ( x ) ,f ( x )
. x : f ( x ) + f ( x ) -34=0 .
60) P ( x ) 4 :
P ( 0 ) =1,P ( 1) =6,P ( 0 ) = -3,P ( 1) = -7 P ( 1) =12 .

61) f(x)=ex , f (x)-3f (x)-4f(x)=0 .


62) f ( x ) =

x-3
, x 0 , : 3x 3 f ( x ) +x 4 f ( x ) +x=0 .
x2

http://mathhmagic.blogspot.com

81

63) f ( x ) = ( x-1 )( x- 2 )( x- 3 ) 1 , 2 , 3

1
2
3
+
+
=0 .
f ( 1 ) f ( 2 ) f ( 3 )

64) f ( x ) = 2 x , f ( x ) +4 f ( x ) =2 .
65) f ( x ) =

g ( x)
, g ( 0 ) =2 g ( 0 ) = -3 , f ( 0 ) .
3x+1

66) f ( 4 ) =7 g ( x ) =f ( x 2 +x+2 ) , g (1) .


e3

67) f ( x ) =2xln ( 2x ) -2x+3 , f .


2
68) f .
. g ( x ) =f ( -x ) ,x
. f , f ( 0 ) =0 .
( , )
69) .
x=f ( t ) =2t 3 -3t 2 -12t , t 0 .
. ;
. t=1 s;
. t
. ;
.
,
. ;
70)
x ( t ) =t 2 +2t+3 , t sec.
. [1, 3]
. ;
. ;
. 4 sec;
71) t
x(t)=t 3 -2t 2 +t . t . ;
72) x ( t )
x ( t ) =t 3 +1 t sec. :
. t=2
. t=3.
73) xx t 0 x ( t ) =e t t -3t 2 . t=1, t=4 . ( e 4 =
:

273
).
5
http://mathhmagic.blogspot.com

82

74) x ,
R ( x ) =450 x ,x 0 . 16 .
75) x C ( x ) =3+12x-2x 2 , 0 x 3 .
. 100
. , .
76) K ( x ) ( x ) , x 1
3

K ( x ) = x 3 -20x 2 +600x+500 ( x ) =425x . :


. E ( x ) x
. .
77) t 1
4

B(t)=1+ (t+2)2 , t 8 . :
i) t ii) 1, 2 8 .
78) ( t ) =t-5 t ( o C ) t [0,24] ( ).
t=4 t=16 .
79) g ( t ) =400 ( 15-t )2 ( )
t ( min).
. 5
. g ( t ) , t=5 min
( )
80) :
i) f(x)=x 2
A(3,f(3))
f(x)=2 x ,

A(4,f(4)) .

81) Cf x 0 :
1
x0 =2
x
. f ( x ) =x 3 + 1 x0 =-1

. f ( x ) =

. f ( x ) =x 2 + 2 x + 4 x0 =0 .
82) f ( x ) =3x-x 2 .
. f x 0
. f
A ( 1,f ( 1) ) .
:

http://mathhmagic.blogspot.com

83

1
4

83) f ( x ) = x 2 +1 .
. A ( -1,f ( -1) ) B ( 3,f ( 3 ) )
. .
84) f ( x ) =x 2 +x+2, .
. f ( 1)
. x 0 =1
. ,
B ( 2,-3 )

.
.
85) f ( x ) =

x
. :
x+2

. f.
. f x 0 = -1 .
.
-1.
. y=f ( x ) x x= -3.
86) f ( x ) = x 2 +x+1 . :
. f 0
. , Cf A ( 0,f ( 0 ) ) .
. xx.
. .
87)i)
f(t)=

t3
A(3,f(3)) .
t +1
2

ii) f()=

,f .
+
3 3

88) f(x)=2x x
x=

.
3
3
4

3
2

89) f ( x ) = - x 2 + x+3 . Cf
(2,3) .
90) f ( x ) =

3+x
.
1-x 2

.
.
. Cf M ( 0,f ( 0 ) ) .
91) f ( x ) =x . :
.
:

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84

. Cf A ,f .
2 2
.
.
92) f: f ( x ) =e x x , x .
. f ( 0 )
. Cf A ( 0,f ( 0 ) ) .
93) f: f ( 1) =1 g ( x ) =f ( x 3 +x+1) -1, x .
. Cf A (1,f (1) )
. g ( 0 )
. Cg B ( 0,g ( 0 ) ) .
94) f
f ( x 3 +x+1) =7x 3 -x , x . :
. f x 0 =3
. Cf A ( 3,f ( 3 ) ) .
95) f ( x ) = 5 +3 2 x 2 +x 3 , .
. f ( -1)
. 1 -3, .
96) A ( x0 ,y 0 ) f ( x ) =x 2 -x .
1, .
97) f(x)=

3x

x+1

y=3x+5 ;
98) f(x)=x 3 -6x 2 +9x+4 xx .
99) f(x)=

x

x+1

.
x0y
2
100) f ( x ) =x -x+6 . Cf
y=3x+ .

101) f ( x ) =lnx . :
.
. f
. f ( 1)
. Cf A (1,f (1) ) ,
xx.
1
2

. Cf :y= x+3 ;

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85

102) f ( x ) =

e x -e -x
. e x +e -x

0
.
103) f ( x ) =x 2 -3x+4 . Cf
:2x+3y-7=x
3
4

104) f ( x ) =2x 2 . f
xx 45 .
105)
f(x)=x(1-x) O(0,f(0)) xx 60 0 .
106) f ( x ) =x 2 +5x . Cf
xx .
4

107) f ( x ) =x 2 -3x+4 . Cf
A (1,-2 ) .
108) f ( x ) =x 2 . Cf M (1,-3 ) .
109) f ( x ) = x .
1
. f
4

. y=f ( x ) x x 0 =9
. Cf , A ( 8,3 )
.
110) f ( x ) =x 2 + . f x=1 y= 4x-1, .
111) f ( x ) =x 5 . Cf . ;
112) y=f ( x ) . y=f ( x ) -1 : 2x+y+3=0
g ( x ) =

1
-1.
f3 (x)

113) f ( x ) =x 2 +x+ 0 . , , , Cf
A (1,3 ) Cf B ( 2,0 )
:4x+y=8 . ;
114) f ( x ) =ln ( x 2 -x+1) g ( x ) =x 2 -x+ . :
. f g
. Cf A (1,f (1) )
. , Cg B ( 2,g ( 2 ) ) .
115) f g f ( x ) =x 2 +x+1 g ( x ) =2x 2 +x+ 1.
:

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86

1
x

116) f ( x ) =x 2 -3x+3 g ( x ) = .
. Cf Cg
. Cf Cg
. Cf Cg .
117) () f:
A ( 1,f ( 1) ) :x-y+2=0 , :
. f ( 1) .
. g
g ( x ) =f ( x 2 +x+1) -1 , B ( 0,g ( 0 ) ) .
118) f ( x ) =x 3 +6x+2 .
. 1 4 ,
.
f ,

.
.
()
119) f ( x ) = ( x-1)5 ( x+2 ) . f.
120) f ( x ) =e x ( x-2 ) -x 2 +2x . .
121) :
i) f ( x ) =x 2 -2x+4
ii) f ( x ) =-x 2 +4x-5
iii) f ( x ) =x 3 -3x+2
iv) f ( x ) =

x-1
x-3

vi) f ( x ) =lnx+x+1 .

v) f ( x ) =e x-1 +x+1

122) f ( x ) =ln

x2
6
+
.
x+1 x+1

. f.
. f ( x ) =

x 2 -3x+2
x ( x+1)

. f.
123) f ( x ) =x ( x-2 ) [ 0, 2 ] .
()
124) :
i) f ( x ) =4x 3 -x 4

4
x

ii) g ( x ) =x 2 + .

125) :
2
i) f ( x ) =x 2 -2x+3 ii) f ( x ) =3+2x-x 2 iii) f ( x ) = ( 2-x )3 iv) f ( x ) = ( x 2 4 ) .
126) :
i) f ( x ) =

x3 2
2
+x -3x+
3
3

ii) f ( x ) =

x 2 +16
.
x

127) :
i) f ( x ) =

x 3 x2
+ -6x+1
3 2

ii) f ( x ) =x 3 -6x 2 +9x-8

iii) f ( x ) =x 3 +2x 2 -4x-8

iv) f ( x ) = ( x-1) 3 ( x+2 ) 3 .


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87

128) :
i) f ( x ) =

x+3
2x-1

ii) f ( x ) =

x2
x+1

1 1
.
x x2

iii) f ( x ) = +

129) :
1

ii) f ( x ) =e x -x+1
iii) f ( x ) =xe x
i) f ( x ) =x-lnx
130) :
i) f(x)=x 2 -2x
ii) f(x)=-3x 2 +6
iii) f(x)=x 2 -2x+4 .
131) : i) f(x)=x 3 -6x 2 +5 ii) f(x)=-x 3 +3x+1 .

iv) f ( x ) =x x .

132) f ( x ) =xln x+ x 2 +1 - x 2 +1, x .

. f ( x ) =ln x+ x 2 + 1

. f
. f.
133) f ( x ) =x 3 -x 2 -2x 0 x 3 . :
. Cf xx
. f
. f.
134) f ( x ) =

x 2 -2x+4
. :
x-2

.
. , f f
. f, f .
135) f ( x ) =e x -2x+2 .
. f .
. f f
.
136) f ( x ) =12x-x 3 D= [ 0,4 ] . f
2

.
137) f ( x ) =-2x 2 +16x+ 39.
138) f ( x ) =+xe -x ,, . Cf (0,2)
(-2,0).
. f ( x ) f ( 0 )
. f ( x )
. f .
139)
i) f(x)=2x 3
ii) f(x)=-x 3 +16
iii) f(x)=x 3 -3x 2 +3x-10 iv) f(x)=-x 3 +3x 2 -5x-11 .
140) f ( x ) =x 3 +x 2 +x+4 . f x= -1
x=1 += -3.
141) f ( x ) =x 3 +x 2 +x+1 . f x= -2 3,
.
142) f ( x ) =-x 3 +x 2 -2x-5, . , f
x=1.
:

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88

143) f ( x ) =x 3 -4x 2 -3x+ . 1.


( )
144) 40. .
145) 100m 2 ;
146) : 10
.
147) .
148) 20. :
.
.
. .
149) (3,4)
.
1
2

150) cm ( ) =3-2x ( ) =x- .


x .
151) 2004
384 cm 2 . 3 cm 2cm.
,
;

12 dm 2 , ;
152)
153) 20cm ;
154) 1lt. .
155) 20 . 40km/h, 20km/h.
10km, ;
156) f ( x ) =1-x 2 . M ( x,y )
x Oy .
. E ( x ) x
.
157) f(x)=x 3 +3x 2 -2x-1
;
:

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89

x f ( x ) =2x 3 +3x 2 -2x x ; :


f ( x ) =2x 3 +3x 2 -2x ;

- --
1) R , f ( x) =

3x 1

x2 +

R ;
2) f g f(x)=x2 -4-2 g(x)=3x-2, x R
N :
) f(x)+g(x) .
) 3f (x)-2g(x) .
) f(x)g(x) .
)

f ( x)

g ( x)

3). f f(x)=x2-3x+2. N :
)
) x A f ()=0.

2x
x 3x + 2
2x 3
4). a R , f ( x) = 2
x 4 x + (a + 2)
R ;
) f ( x) =

5). f , x R

3x 2 f ( x) = 3x 2 f ( x)
6). , x 2

a 2 x + 1, x 2
f ( x) = 2
a 26, x < 2
;
7). lim f ( x) = 2 , lim ( x) ( x) = 2 f 2 ( x) 1
x x0

x x0

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90

8).

( x) =

3x 2
.
2x + 3

N :
)
) lim ( x)
x 1

) lim[ ( x)]3
x 1

9). f f ( x) = 6 x 2 2
N :
) .
) lim f ( x)
x

3
3

10). lim f ( x) = 2 lim g ( x) = 5 , :


x 1

x 1

f 2 ( x) + f ( x ) 6
x 1
x 1
f ( x) + 2 2
x2
11). f f ( x) =
x+4
) lim(5 f ( x) + g ( x))

) lim

N :
)
) lim f ( x)
x 1

) N , f(x) 0=1.
12). f f ( x) = (3 x 2) ( x + 1)3 .
) f '( x) .
) f '(0) .
13). f f ( x) =

x
e

x 1

) .
) f '( x) .
14). f f ( x) =

x2
,
3

x R . N :
) f '(3) .
) f,
=3.
) .
15) f(x)=lnx g(x)=ln5x.
) N f g.
:

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91

) N f g , >0 .
) N f .
16)

f ( x) = (2 x + 1)3 g ( x) = e

x
6

) ) N f g yy ..
) N f g ..
) N () .
17) f f ( x) = x 2 5 x + 6, x R . :
) f '( x) .
) f , .
18) f ( x) = x ln(e x + 1), x R .
)

f ( x) f ( x) = x x R
) f '(0) .

19) f f ( x ) = x 2 + 3 x 1, x R .
) f '( x ) .
) f ,
35 .
20) f f ( x) =

1 3
x + x 2 2 x + 1, x R .
3

) f '( x) .
) f ,
: y=x+3.
21). f ( x) = 22-+, , R , : y=3x-l, R .
N , y=3x-l f 2.
22).

f f ()= 22 - , R , R .

) N f '(2) .
) N , f
(2,f(2)) ' 45 .
23).

f, f ( x) =

1
1

N :
) .
) f '( ) .
:

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92

24).

) N f '( ) .

f,

. f ( x) = x 3 9 x 2 + 15 x 3, x R

) N .
) (
).
25). : f ( x) = x 2 4 x + 4
A) N f.
) N f .
) N f ..
[ 2000 ...]
26). : f ( x) = 2 x3 3 x 2 + 12 x + 2
A) N f.
) N f .
) N f .
) N
f.
[ 2001 ...]
.

27).

f ( x) =

1 3 1 2
x x + ln 2
3
2

) N f.
) N f' (0) f' (1)
) N f
.
[ 2002 ...]

28).

f ( x) = x 3 x

lim f ( x) = 1
x 1

) N
) f
[ 2002 ...]
29) f ( x) = x ln(e x + 1), x R
i) :
f ( x) f ( x) = x, x R
ii) f '(0)

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93

1
.
2
1) , f (-1)= f (1)=0.
2) =1 =0, f.

30). f(x)=x3+x2-3x+

31). f(x)=

(2 x )5
5

f ( x o ) + 34

=0 , xo , -

f(xo).
32). f(x)= 2e x 2 x 2 + 10x + 7 =0 .
33) a, R

ax + , x > 0
f ( x) =
2 x + 1, x 1
0.
34). f(x) , g(x) R , f(0)=0 ,
f(x)g(x) = e4 x + , R R . g (0) 0 .
35). >>0,

f ( x) = ax + ln( x 2 + 1), x R
.

1
)
1+

36). ) f ( x) = ln(

i) f
ii) f
iii) f ..

1
2
) g '( x) =
1 +

) g ( x) = ln(

37). t -

1
4

B(t)=1+ (t+2)2 , t 8 .
: i) t ii) 1, 2 8
38). t
x(t)=t 3 -2t 2 +t . t
. ;

39). 2 (t)=t-

t +39 ( C), t [2,] . t=1:


1
: C .
2
:

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94

1
C .
2

: 1 C .

1
C .
4
1
: C .
4
:

40) .
x = f (t ) = 2t 3 3t 2 12t , t > 0 s.
i) ;
ii) t = 1 sec;
in) () t.
) ;
)
,
.
)
41) f f ( x) = 2 + +

, , a 0 .

, f ,

x=

1
, -2
4

(0, 2)
42) 100 , , f ( x) =

1 3 1 2
x x x + 10,1 x 5
9
3

:
) , ,
) 1=2 2=4 ( 2000
4000 )
43). ( m) ,
t(sec) :
f(t)=-3t2+30t, 0 t 10 .
) t=0;
) N t .
) N
.
:

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95

) N t ,
.
44). f f ( x) = x 2 + x 2 + 3, x R, , R
) N , f x=1 , -2.
) =1.
45) 3 .
( ) :

(t ) = t 2 + 0.75t 1 , x R
) ;
) ;
46) 3 .
( ) :

(t ) = t 2 + 0.75t 1 , x R
) ;
) ;
47)

f, f ( x) = (2 x x 2 )e x , x R

) N : , f'() f'' ().


) N f : ,
, .
48). , ( )
P (t ) = 103 5 102 (1 + t ) t
) N (t=0).
) N t=9 .
) N ,
t=9 .
49) , :
() =

1
[2(-35)2 + 750]

) , ;
) .
50) y (t ) =

10t
%
2t + 5t + 8
2

t .
) y1
y1;
) N ( )
, .

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96

51) 128 ml. N ,


. ( =2 =2+22.)

52) .
i) ,
.
ii) , iii)
.

53) :

1
3
S (t ) = t 3 t 2 + 2t + 1 t sec
3
2
S(t) m.
) N t.
) ;
) ;
) 5 sec;

54) ,
2

Q (t ) = e10 e1+ 6t t , t 0

) N t = 0.
) ;
) ;

55) cm :

( AB ) = 3 2 x
1
() = x
2

56)
500 cm3 . h R ,
.

57) 10 (1989-1999)
:
:

http://mathhmagic.blogspot.com

97

f (t ) = 0.03t 3 +

368, 64

0 < t 10

58) . f [ 0, + ) :

4f ( x ) + 4 = x + 12 + f ( x ) 2 x . f ( x ) .
2
2
. f, g f ( x ) = g ( x ) = ( x-1) . x
Cf , Cg .

59) f ( x ) = 2x 2 + x
) f'
) x(1 + f '(x)) = 2f ( x )

60) f ( x ) =x 3 + x 2 + 1 ( ,f ( ) ) ,f ( )

Cf f, , Cf . 2
+ = .
3
61) . , , y = x 5

f ( x ) =x 2 + x + (3,4).
. ,
x T ( x ) = x 3 10x 2 + 25x 6 C .
)
.
) 6 .
) 6 .
62) f f ( x) = 1 1

2003

, R

) :
i) f (1, f (1) ).
ii) .
) f g ( x) = 2010 6 f ( x), R . g , .

63)
f ( x) = 16 x 2 , ,
y .

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98

64) f ( x) = 2 ( ), R, R .
: f ''( x) = 2 4 2 f ( x) R .
65) t 0
: f (t ) =

a
, > 0 .
+ t2

10000 2
.
) , .
) 6.000 ;

66) f R
=2 y=x -5 ,
lim f ( x) lim
x2

h 0

f (2 + h) + 3
.
h

67) f f ( h 2) = 9 h + 6 h, h 9 , :
) f '( 2)
) f '( 2)

68) . ( )
t ( s) f :
f (t ) = 5t 2 + 45 . :
) 2 s .
)
) .
69) f f ( x) = ax 2 + 2 x 7 lim
h 0

f
70) f

f (h 2) f (2)
= 18 ,
h

= -1.
g

f ( x) = 3 g ( x) + 16
lim g ( x) = g (2) = 9 g '(2) =
x2

4
, :
3

) lim f ( x)
x2

) f , =2.

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99


( 2001)
1) f(x) = x+x.
A. f(x) + f (x) = 0.
. f (0,1).
. IR :


f -2f = 2
2
2
( 2002)

f(x)=

2)

2x
x +1

. f.
. lim f ( ) .
x 3

. f.
. f
y = 2x + 5.
( 2004)
3) f f ( x ) =

x2 4 x + 3
x 3

. f .
. lim f(x)
x 3

( 2004)

f(x) =

4) f

x+ 2
.
ex

. .

=
. f(x) + f (x)

1
.
ex

.
f (0, f(0)).
( 2005)
5) f(x) = lnx - x2 , R .
.
f.
. f x, .
. , (1,1) f
y=3x-2 .
.

lim

x 2

( f (x) x ) .
3

( 2006)
6) f(x) = ex (x2+x+9) a , . f (2,e2)
. =1 = 6.
. f.
:

y = e2 x+3e2, :

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100

( 2007)
7) f(x)=xex+3, x .
. f(x)=f(x)+ex3

. lim
x0

f (x)-e
x2 -x

( 2007)
8) f ( x ) =

x
.
x x+1
2

. f(x).
. lim f ( x ) .
x 1

. f(x)
.
( 2008)
9) f ( x ) =

x 1
, x .
ex

e x f(x)
.
x 1 x 2 1

. lim

. exf(x)=2x.
. f(x).

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