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In many countries woodland are under threat from continued house and road building, but the
biggest problem is neglect. Seven thousand years ago, most of Britain, for example, was
covered with trees. Since then, these forests have been systematically cleared to provide land
for agriculture and housing and to use as fuel. Around 1900 only 4% of the country was
woodland; measures have since been taken to enlarge forests which now make up 10% of the
British landscape. Even so, this compares poorly with the European Union average of 25%.

Many of us take trees for granted, yet they make significant contributions to many areas of
our daily life. They provide areas for recreation and relaxation. A US survey indicates that
hospital patients recover more quickly and require less powerful medicine if they have a view
of trees.

Trees can give an important insight into the history of an area. Rows of trees crossing an open
field may have once marked where a hedgerow used to be, and single trees may have been
used as a local landmark.

Trees also convert carbon dioxide and water in the atmosphere into oxygen. The oxygen
produced from 30 to 40 square metres of leaves is sufficient for one person per day. They
provide vital habitats and wood stuffs for birds, animals, insects and other plants. They supply
timber for building as well as wood pulp for paper production.

Trees in towns help to reduce pollution level by moving dust, smoke and fume particles from
the air and trapping them in their leaves, branches and stems. They can also reduce wind
speeds by 85% and noise by 40%.


A. Are these sentences true or false? Justify: ( 2 points)

1. Trees increase the effect of pollution.

2. Patients with a view of trees spend less time in hospitals.

B. Answer these questions from the text: (2 points)

1. What industrial elements do trees provide?

2. What would happen to animals and birds if there were no trees?

C. Complete these sentences from the text: ( 2 points)

1. Housing and road building ...

2. Forests in the European Union ...

D. Find in the text words or expressions that mean the same as: (2 points)

1. Carelessness (paragraph 1) = ...

2. Understanding (paragraph 3) = ...
ІІ.LANGUAGE (8 points)

A. Put the sentences into the passive voice: (3 points)

1. The tourist is taking pictures.

2. Drivers have to respect the law.
3. People have sent millions of e-mails during the last two years.

B. Put the following words in the appropriate forms: (2 points)

1. Nadia is (determine) ... to pass the exam as she is preparing for it seriously.
2. The (develop) ... of all the economic sectors depends on private investments.

C.Fill in the blanks with the appropriate word from the list (1 point)


1. I don’t know which one to choose. It’s really a difficult ...

2. Meditel and Ittissalat Almaghreb always ... with each other for more customers.

D.Fill in the blanks with the adequate phrasal verb from the list(2 points)

Take up – think over – put off – look up-make


1. Because of the heavy rain, the football match was ... for another day.
2. Can I have your dictionary, please? I’d like to ... some words.
3. During adolescence, young people may ... bad habits like smoking or drugs addiction.
4. This problem is very complex. I must ... it ... to find a solution.

ІІІ. WRITING ( 4 points)

Women's participatioon in the building of a society has become of paramount

importance.Write an essay explainig this importance and showing the
benefits that we can get from the empowerment of women.