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# Newtons corpuscular theory of light Newtons corpuscular theory of light is based on the following points 1.

Light consists of very tiny particles known as corpuscular. 2. These corpuscles on emission from the source of light travel in straight line with high velocity 3. When these particles enter the eyes, they produce image of the object or sensation of vision. 4. Corpuscles of different colours have different sizes. Huygens wave theory of light In 1679, Christian Huygens proposed the wave theory of light. According to huygens wave theory: 1. Each point in a source of light sends out waves in all directions in hypothetical medium called "ETHER". 2. Light is a form of energy 3. Light travels in the form of waves. 4. A medium is necessary for the propagation of waves & the whole space is filled with an imaginary medium called Ether 5. Light waves have very short wave length
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Quantum theory of light Quantum theory was put forward by MAX-PLANCK in 1905. According to quantum theory Energy radiated or absorbed can not have any fractional value. This energy must be an integral multiple of a fixed quantity of energy. This quantity is called QUANTUM OR Energy released or absorbed is always in the form of packets of energy or bundles of energy. These packets of energy are known as QUANTA or PHOTONS

ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY OF LIGHT James Clark Maxwell, a brilliant Scottish scientist Of the middle l9th century, showed, byconstructing an oscillating electrical circuit, that electromagnetic waves could move through empty space.Light eventually was proved to be electromagnetic.Current light theory says that light is made up of very small packets of electromagnetic energy calledPHOTONS (the smallest unit of radiant energy). These photons move at a constant speed in the mediumthrough which they travel. Photons move at a faster speed through a vacuum than they do in theatmosphere, and at a slower speed through water than air.The electromagnetic energy of light is a form of electromagnetic radiation. Light and similar formsof radiation are made up of moving electric and magnetic forces and move as waves. Electromagneticwaves move in a manner similar to the waves produced by the pebble dropped in the pool of waterdiscussed earlier in this chapter. The transverse waves of light from a light source spread out in expandingcircles much like the waves in the pool. However, the waves in the pool are very slow and clumsy incomparison with light, which travels approximately 186,000 miles per second.Light radiates from its source in all directions until absorbed or diverted by some substance (fig.1-17). The lines drawn from the light source (a light bulb in this instance) to any point on one of thesewaves indicate the direction in which the waves are moving. These lines, called radii of the spheres, areformed by the waves and are called LIGHT RAYS.

Quantum theory tells us that both light and matter consists of tiny particles which have wavelike properties associated with them. Light is composed of particles called photons, and matter is composed of particles called electrons, protons, neutrons. It's only when the mass of a particle gets small enough that its wavelike properties show up.