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# Program Galus Sains SPM

## Basic Scientific Skills Exercise- Communication

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SCIENTIFIC SKILLS EXERCISE: COMMUNICATION & SPACE TIME RELATIONSHIP
LATIHAN KEMAHIRAN SAINTIFIK: BERKOMUNIKASI & HUBUNGAN RUANG

1 A group of student has collected a quantity of leaves. The data for the length of
leaves are recorded in Table 1.
Satu kumpulan pelajar mengumpul sejumlah daun. Data panjang

16 13 14 20 10 16 14 17

21 19 8 20 15 18 11 15

7 18 14 15 16 12 13 15

4 23 8 10 20 14 15 7

Table 1

## (a) Use the data above to complete Table 2

Menggunakan data di atas lengkapkan Jadual 2.

## Length of leaf(cm) 4-6 7-9 10-12 13-15 16-18 19-21 22-24

Panjang daun (cm)
Number of leaves
Bilangan daun
Table 2

(b) Base on Table 2, draw a bar graph showing the number of leaves against
length of leaves.
daun melawan panjang daun.

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Program Galus Sains SPM
Basic Scientific Skills Exercise- Communication
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Number of leaves
Bilangan daun

12

10

## 4-6 7-9 10-12 13-15 16-18 19-21 22-24 Length of leaves

Panjang daun

2 Table 3 shows the result of the reaction between 3.0 g of zinc metal with 100cm3
dilute hydrochloric acid.
Jadual 3 menunjukkan keputusan bagi tindakbalas antara 3.0 g logam zink dengan
100cm3 asid hidroklorik cair.

Time /minit 0 1 2 3 4 5 6
Masa/minit
Volume of gas/ cm3 0 27 46 57 64 67 67

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Program Galus Sains SPM
Basic Scientific Skills Exercise- Communication
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TABLE 3

(a) Base on Table 3, draw a graph of the volume of gas against time.

Time/ minute
Masa/ minit

## (b) What is the relationship between volume of gas with time?

Apakah hubungan antara isipadu gas dengan masa?

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Program Galus Sains SPM
Basic Scientific Skills Exercise- Communication
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## 3 A pupil conducted an experiment to determine the boiling point of a solution. temperature

of the solution is recorded ever 2 minutes until it boils.
The result of the experiment is recorded in Table 4
Seorang murid telah menjalankan satu eksperimen untuk menentukan
takat didih satu larutan . Suhu larutan itu dicatatkan setiap 2 minit sehingga ia
mendidih. Keputusan dicatat dalam Jadual 4

Time/minit 0 2 4 6 8 10
Masa/ minit
Temperature/0C 28 48 68 88 102 102
Suhu /0C
TABLE 4

## (a) Base on Table 4, draw a graph of temperature against time.

Berdasarkan Jadual 4, lukiskan graf suhu melawan masa.

Temperature/0C
Suhu /0C

Time/ minit
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Masa / minit
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Program Galus Sains SPM
Basic Scientific Skills Exercise- Communication
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(b) What is the relationship between temperature of solution with time for the first sixth
minutes?
Apakah hubungan antara suhu larutan dengan masa untuk enam minit yang
pertama?

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## 4 Table 5 shows the result of an experiment to study the effect of temperature

on bacterial growth.
suhu ke atas pertumbuhan bakteria

## Temperature/0C Size of bacteria colony after 24 hours

Suhu/0C Saiz koloni bakteria selepas 24 jam
0 2
15 5
25 10
35 15
60 3
TABLE 5

(a) Base on Table 5, draw a graph showing the relationship between size of
bacteria colony with time..

## Size of bacteria colony

after 24 hours
Saiz koloni bakteria
selepas 24 jam

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Temperature/0C
Suhu /0C
Program Galus Sains SPM
Basic Scientific Skills Exercise- Communication
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(b) What is the relationship between size of bacteria colony with time?
Apakah hubungan antara saiz koloni bakteria dengan masa?

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## 5 The volume of gas collected for every 2 minutes is recorded in Table 6.

Time (min) 2 4 6 8 10 12
Masa (min)
Volume of gas (cm3) 9 16 22 24 25 25
TABLE 6

## Volume of gas /cm3

25

20

15

10

5
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 Time
Masa(min)
/min
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Masa
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Program Galus Sains SPM
Basic Scientific Skills Exercise- Communication
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## (b) What is relationship between volume of gas collected with time?

Apakah hubungan antara isipadu gas yang dikumpulkan dengan masa?

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6 The Form 4 Mawar carried out an experiment to study the variation of thumb prints
There are four groups of thumb prints; curve, loop, whorl and composit
Kelas 4 Mawar menjalankan eksperimen untuk mengkaji variasi cap ibu jari.
Terdapat empat kumpulan cap ibu jari : lengkung, gelung , sepusar dan komposit

## Diagram shows the thumb prints of 25 pupils from the class

Rajah menunjukkan cap ibu jari 25 orang murid dalam kelas itu

complete Table 7

## Groups of Curve (lengkung) Loop (gelung) Whorl (sepusar) Composite

thumb print (komposit)
Kumpulan cap
ibu jari

Number of
pupils

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Program Galus Sains SPM
Basic Scientific Skills Exercise- Communication
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Bilangan murid

TABLE 7

(b) Based on the result of Table 7, draw a bar chart to show the number of
pupils against the groups of thumb prints
Berdasarkan keputusan dalam Jadual 7, lukiskan satu carta bar yang
menunjukkan bilangan murid melawan kumpulan cap ibu jari

Bilangan
murid

(c) Write a conclusion on the type of variation based on the bar chart in (b)
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[ 1 mark ]

(d)
(e)
(f)
(g)
(h) 7 In an experiment, a bacteria Bacillus subtilis is cultured in a petri dish
containing
nutrient agar for five days at 370C
The result of the experiment is shown in Table 8 .

1 8
2 16
3 19
4 21
5 22
TABLE 8

## Lengkung Gelung Sepusar Komposit

Kumpulan cap ibu jari
(a) Using data in Table, draw a graph of the number of bacterial colonies against

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Program Galus Sains SPM
Basic Scientific Skills Exercise- Communication
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## 7 In an experiment, a bacteri Bacillus subtilis is cultured in a petri dish containing nutrient

agar for five days at 370C.
The result of the experiment is shown in Table 8.
Dalam suatu eksperimen bakteria Basillus subtilis dikulturkan dalam piring petri yang
Mengandungi agar nutrien selama lima hari pada suhu 370C.
Keputusan eksperimen ditunjukkan dalam Jadual 8.

## Time /Day Number of bacterial colonies

Masa /Hari Bilangan koloni bakteria
1 8
2 15
3 19
4 21
5 22
TABLE 8

(a) Using data in Table 8, draw a graph of the number of bacterial colonies against time
Dengan menggunakan data dalam Jadual 8, lukis graf bilangan koloni bakteria
melawan masa

Bilangan koloni
bakteria

Masa /Hari
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Program Galus Sains SPM
Basic Scientific Skills Exercise- Communication
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(b) What is the relationship between the number of bacterial colonies and time ?
Apakah hubungan antara bilangan koloni bakteria dengan masa ?

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## 8 A student has conducted an experiment to study the reaction of magnesium and

hydrochloric acid. Hydrogen gas is produced during the reaction. The volume of
gas collected is recorded every 30 minutes. Table shows the result of this
experiment.

## Time /seconds 0 30 60 90 120 150 180

Volume of hydrogen gas/cm3 0 15 26 35 40 40 40

(a) Based on Table above, draw a graph of the volume of hydrogen gas against
time.

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Program Galus Sains SPM
Basic Scientific Skills Exercise- Communication
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(b) Based on the graph in (a), state the relationship between the volume of
hydrogen gas and time in the first 90 minutes?

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Program Galus Sains SPM
Basic Scientific Skills Exercise- Communication
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