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16abp-01/23

IEEE 802.16 Presentation Submission Template (Rev. 8.21) Document Number: IEEE 802.16abp-01/23 Date Submitted: 2001-08-28 Source: Chin-Chen Lee Voice: Radia Communications, INC. 275 N. Mathilda Ave., Suite A Sunnyvale, VA. 94086 Venue:

Base Document: IEEE 802.16abc-01/23 Purpose : Theoretical background used for assisting another submission about Ranging Process Analysis & Improvement Recommendations

Notice: This document has been prepared to assist IEEE 802.16. It is offered as a basis for discussion and is not binding on the contributing individual(s) or organization(s). The material in this document is subject to change in form and content after further study. The contributor(s) reserve(s) the right to add, amend or withdraw material contained herein. Release: The contributor grants a free, irrevocable license to the IEEE to incorporate material contained in this contribution, and any modifications thereof, in the creation of an IEEE Standards publication; to copyright in the IEEEs name any IEEE Standards publication even though it may include portions of this contribution; and at the IEEEs sole discretion to permit others to reproduce in whole or in part the resulting IEEE Standards publication. The contributor also acknowledges and accepts that this contribution may be made public by IEEE 802.16. IEEE 802.16 Patent Policy: The contributor is familiar with the IEEE 802.16 Patent Policy and Procedures (Version 1.0) <http://ieee802.org/16/ipr/patents/policy.html>, including the statement IEEE standards may include the known use of patent(s), including patent applications, if there is technical justification in the opinion of the standards-developing committee and provided the IEEE receives assurance from the patent holder that it will license applicants under reasonable terms and conditions for the purpose of implementing the standard. Early disclosure to the Working Group of patent information that might be relevant to the standard is essential to reduce the possibility for delays in the development process and increase the likelihood that the draft publication will be approved for publication. Please notify the Chair <mailto:r.b.marks@ieee.org> as early as possible, in written or electronic form, of any patents (granted or under application) that may cover technology that is under consideration by or has been approved by IEEE 802.16. The Chair will disclose this notification via the IEEE 802.16 web site <http://ieee802.org/16/ipr/patents/notices>.

Chin-Chen Lee

8-28-2001

The M active users superimposed ranging signal is demodulated by the BS FFT processor to produce L ( the number of ranging carriers) complex outputs which can be represented by a L x M matrix RL x M ( for matrix multiplication purpose, or a simpler L x 1 vector will do). R=

r0 r1 . . . r0 r1 ... ... rk r r

0 1

r L -1

r L -1

...

r L -1

L x M

And, the M L-bit ranging codes from M users can be represented by a M x L matrix B M x L ;

8-28-2001 3

Contd

B MxL =

b 00 b 10 . . . b 01 b 11 ... ... b ki b b

0 L -1 1 ,L -1

b M -1 ,0

b M -1 ,1

...

b M -1 ,L -1

M x L

M -1

Where rk= i= 0 Akibkie j2(d(i)n(k)/N) + ki , Aki is the attenuation through wireless channel from the ith SS to the BS at kth ranging sub-carrier, bki is the kth bit of the ith ranging code ( for ith SS)converted in bipolar values ( 1, -1), d(i) is the round trip traveling delay between the ith user SS to BS in units of BS FFT sampling period, k is the IFFT/FFT bin index for n(k), the k th sub-carrier location of the common ranging channel

8-28-2001 4

Contd

To detect all the active users traveling time & power, R is multiplied ( in frequency domain) with the ranging matrix B which contains M users ranging codes ( each is Lbit long) ; PL x L = R L x M x BM x L = p

0

...

x . . .

p1

... pk

...

P L-1

Lx L

M-1 M-1

Aklbklb km ej2(d(l)n(k)/N) + kl

k l b k le j2 (d (l)n (k )/N ) + k l

8-28-2001

Contd

For M terms in Pk .ie. Pkm with m=i, and the angle small enough ( e.g. ABS [( D(i) n(k)/N)] << ), Pk is always positive and will cause all L sine waves to be added constructively to generate a spike ( N1/2 above the other sets ( L elements) of sine waves). Ideally, to calculate the time delay ( with respect to the BS FFT symbol timing) of mth of the M SS/users, Pkm is used for the n(k) bin location of an IFFT processor ( as shown in the following equation) to generate a singular spike like impulse response among background noise floor.

x m i= 1 N

N -1

k= 0 Where, Pkm =0 for those n(k) not equal to any one of the ranging carrier locations. iis the sampling time index based on the N-point FFT sampling rate. More local spikes will show up when the phase rotation of the ranging pilots gets bigger. That is when ; ABS [( D(i) n(k)/N)]

P k me

- j2 ( n ( k ) i) / N

8-28-2001

Functional Block Diagram For Timing & Power Detection, Method 1 using IFFT & Peak Detect Circuit

Rx Antenna Array

b0m

n(0) N-point FFT processor . . . . . .

n(L-1)

r0 rk bkm

Xi

[x]2

. . .

n(k)

MRRC

Peak Detector

bl-1,m rL-1

n(L-1)

Xq

[x]2

8-28-2001

2. How To Keep The Ranging Carrier Phase Angle Small z Use clustered ( allowed to be hopping around for a finite set of ranging channels) sub-carriers for the ranging channel. z Generate dual tones ( by FDPR) for each ranging carrier. (FDPR : Frequency Domain Partial Response) z Add to ranging channel each of its carriers neighboring carrier as the new ranging channel.

8-28-2001 8

Contd

2.1. Use IFFT to calculate each users group ( averaged over L ranging carriers) time delay (with respect to the BS symbol timing) :

Ranging Channel Composed Of Clustered Sub-carriers For the mth user s SS Xmi = e -i2 n(0)i/N

L-1

N k=0 Assming all Pkm(ranging amplitude of the detected user plus uncorrelate noise from M-1 other users) approximate a constant ; |Xmi| 2 ~ 1 N S I N 2 ( Li/N) S I N 2 ( /N)

Pkm e -j2(ki)/N

The above displays single peak like waveform with respect to i the index of sampling time over s symbol time.

8-28-2001

Contd

2.2 & 2.3 both use differential phase of two adjacent ( by a sub-carrier spacing) ranging carriers to calculate the differential time delay = d/df at each ranging carrier pair modulated by a pair of bits (dki, d k-1,i) which represents the kth bit, bkiof the ith users ranging code by the following rule; bki= dki XOR d k-1i where XOR means exclusive or The phase difference of the Kth pair from the ith user is ki, and ki, = bki x k ~ bki x Im{ rk x rk-1 * } ~ bki x Im{ }

M-1

M-1

AklAK-1,mdkldk-1,me j2d(i)/N

l=0

m=0

L-1

rk x rk-1* )

L-1

k=0

P ki ) is the averaged power of the ith users Ranging signal. And, Pi = 1/L ( k=0 Note that the same differential phase approach to find the group delay averaged over L ranging carriers can be used for 2.1 Ranging Channel of Clustered carriers.

8-28-2001 10

Rx Antenna Array

r00* r01

. . .

. . .

n(k)

MRRC

b0m bkm

L-1

ki

k=0

1/Ptotal

n(L-1)

. . .

bL-1,m

8-28-2001

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