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# 次波長結構之漸進式折射率透鏡﹝GRIN Lens﹞之設計與優化

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## Keywords: 次波長﹝subwavelength﹞、時域有限差分法﹝Finite Difference Time Domain-FDTD﹞、漸

n1 : n air
n 2 : n sub
h : etching depth n3 = neff 即為等效之折射率
d : grating period
f : filling factor ; 0 < f < 1
λ : incident wavelength
E = (0, E y ,0)
TE mode： (1)
H = ( H x ,0, H z )

∇ × E = −iwµH
(2)
∇ × H = iwεE − J (r )

1
 1 d 
2
2
2

## nTE = n02TE +  π f (1 − f ) ⋅ (n22 − n12 )  (3)

 3 λ  
where n0TE = [(1 − f ) ⋅ n12 + f ⋅ n 22 ] 2
1
(4)

n2 ∂ 2
∇2Ψ − Ψ=0
c 2 ∂t 2 (5)

 δ x2 + δ y2 + δ z2  n
Ψ n +1 (i, j , k ) = 2 1 −  Ψ (i, j , k ) − Ψ n −1 (i, j , k ) + δ x [ ]
2

Ψ n (i + 1, j , k ) + Ψ n (i − 1, j , k )
 n (i, j , k ) 
2
n (i, j , k )
2

δy
[ ]
2
δ
[ ]
2

## + 2 Ψ n (i, j + 1, k ) + Ψ n (i, j − 1, k ) + 2 z Ψ n (i, j , k + 1) + Ψ n (i, j , k − 1)

n (i, j , k ) n (i, j , k ) (6)
1
∆t ≤
c∆t c∆t c∆t 1 1 1
+ 2 + 2
δx = δy = δz = v max
∆x ， ∆y ， ∆z ， ∆x 2
∆y ∆ z

8

8 8

f 0.125d 0.25d 0.375d 0.5d 0.625d 0.75d 0.875d 1d
n 1.0771 1.1506 1.2192 1.2826 1.3412 1.3960 1.4483 1.5

f 0.125d 0.25d 0.375d 0.5d 0.625d 0.75d 0.875d 1d
n 1.0547 1.1504 1.2227 1.2871 1.3320 1.3672 1.4336 1.5

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