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BUKIT PANJANG GOVERNMENT HIGH SCHOOL

PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION 2008


SECONDARY FOUR EXPRESS

ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS 4038/2

PAPER 2

Date: Thursday, 19th August Duration: 2 hours 30 minutes


Time: 1010 - 1240

READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST

Write your name, class and register number on all the work you hand in.
Write in dark blue or black ink.
You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams or graphs.
Do not use paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.

Answer all questions.


Write your answers on the answer paper provided.
Give non-exact numerical answers correct to 3 significant figures, or 1 decimal place in the case of
angles in degrees, unless a different level of accuracy is specified in the question.
The use a scientific calculator is expected, where appropriate.
You are reminded of the need for clear presentation in your answers.

At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.
The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.
The total number of marks for this paper is 100.

This paper consists of 6 printed pages.

Setter : Mrs Poh-Koh Yeok Wan


[TURN OVER]
Mathematical Formulae

1. ALGEBRA

Quadratic Equation
For the equation ax 2 + bx + c = 0 ,
− b ± b 2 − 4ac
x=
2a
Binomial expansion
n n n
(a + b) n = a n +  a n −1b +  a n − 2 b 2 +  +  a n − r b r +  + b n ,
1  2 r
n n! n(n − 1) ( n − r + 1)
where n is a positive integer and   = =
 r  r!(n − r )! r!

2. TRIGONOMETRY

Identities
sin 2 A + cos 2 A = 1
sec 2 A = 1 + tan 2 A
cosec2A = 1+ cot 2 A
sin( A ± B ) = sin A cos B ± cos A sin B
cos( A ± B ) = cos A cos B sin A sin B
tan A ± tan B
tan( A ± B ) =
1 tan A tan B
sin 2 A = 2 sin A cos A
cos 2 A = cos 2 A − sin 2 B = 2 cos 2 A − 1 = 1 − 2 sin 2 A
2 tan A
tan 2 A =
1 − tan 2 A
1 1
sin A + sin B = 2 sin ( A + B ) cos ( A − B )
2 2
1 1
sin A − sin B = 2 cos ( A + B ) sin ( A − B )
2 2
1 1
cos A + cos B = 2 cos ( A + B ) cos ( A − B)
2 2
1 1
cos A − cos B = −2 sin ( A + B) sin ( A − B )
2 2

Formulae for ∆ABC


a b c
= =
sin A sin B sin C
a 2 = b 2 + c 2 − 2bc cos A
1
∆ = bc sin A
2

2
2x  3y  6
1. Solve the simultaneous equations [5]
 2 x  1  6  y  2   49
2 2

d  x  a  bx
2. Find the value of a and of b for which    . [3]
dx  1  2 x  2 x (1  2 x) 2
4
1 2x
Hence evaluate 
1 x (1  2 x ) 2
dx . [3]

3. (a) Obtain the first four terms in the expansion of  1  x  x 2  in ascending powers of x.
8

2
1  
Hence find the term independent of x in the expansion of  1    1  x  x 2  .
8
[4]
 4x 
(b) Find the coefficient of x 12 in  1  x   1  x  x 2  .
8 8
[3]

4. (a) What is the least integer value of k if 3 x 2  5 x  k is never negative ? [3]

(b) Prove the identity sin 2  tan  cos 2  tan  . [3]


o
 1
Hence, without using a calculator, show that tan  67   2  1 . [3]
 2

5. (a) Prove that the circle x  y  10  x  y   25  0 touches the x and y axes and find the
2 2

points of contact. [4]

(b) In the figure,  BAC =  AEC = 90 o . CF = CA. Prove that  BAF =  FAE. [3]

B
F
E

C
A

3
6. (a) The expression ax 3  2bx 2  34 x  12 is exactly divisible by x  3 and leaves a remainder
of 32 when divided by x + 1. Find the values of a and b.
Given also that ax 3  2bx 2  34 x  12 is also exactly divisible by 3 x 2  kx  2 , find the
value of k. [6]

(b) Given 4 x  9 x  px  5  Ax  x  3  B  x  1  x  1  2 , for all values of x, evaluate


3 2 2

the constants A, B and p. [4]

x2  2
7. (a) Express in partial fractions, . [5]
x4 1

(b) The equation x 2  2 x  3  0 has roots  and  and the equation x 2  4 x  p  0 has roots
k k
and . Find the value of k and of p. [4]
 

8. The diagram shows  PQR with P(2,  1) and Q(  1, 1). The gradients of PR and QR are 2n and
n respectively (where n > 0).
 2 
(a) Show that R is the point  5  , 6n  3 . [4]
 n 
(b) Find the value of n if
(i) PQ is perpendicular to PR, [2]

(ii) R is equidistant from P and Q. [3]

4
9. (a) Solve the equation 4 x  2 x  6 . [3]
log n 4 log n 9
 2  3
(b) Find the value of x such that       0.
 x  x
[4]
(Hint: Take logarithms)

(c) If 2 x3 y  3x 4 y  6 , show by taking logarithms to base 2 and eliminating log 2 3, that


x2  2 y 2  2 x  3 y . [4]

10.  ABC is an isosceles triangle with AB = AC = 10 cm and BC = 12 cm. A rectangle PQRS


is drawn inside the triangle with PQ on BC, and S and R on AB and AC respectively.
2x
(i) If PQ = x cm, show that the area, A cm 2 , of the rectangle is given by A = (12  x ) . [3]
3
(ii) Hence, or otherwise, find the maximum area of the rectangle. [3]
(iii) If AN = y cm, where N is the mid-point of SR, express y in terms of x. [1]
3
(iv) Given that x is changing at the rate of cm/s, find the rate at which y is changing when
1 x
A = 24 cm 2 . [3]
A

S N R

B C
P Q

5
11. (a) If
 5 f ( x) dx  6(3x  4) 4  c, where c is a constant, find f(x). [3]
8
(b) Sketch the curve y  2  , for 0  x  4 . [2]
x2
4
3 8
Hence, without using tables or calculators, prove that   (2  2 ) dx  3 . [3]
2 2 x

5
5

12. (a) Given that  f ( x)dx


1
= 6, find the value of
1

(i)  f ( x)dx
5
[1]

(ii) Find the value of k for which  [ f ( x )  kx ] dx  130 .


2
[3]1
1

3
4

 4cos
2
(b) Obtain an expression for cos 2 x in terms of cos 2x and hence evaluate x dx . [5]

4

* * End of Paper 2 **

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Answers:

12 2
1. x = , y  or x = - 3 , y = 4
5 5
2
2. a = 1, b = -2, 
9
3
3. (a)1 + 8x + 36x 2 +112x 3 ,  (b) 70
4
4. (a) k = 3
5. (a) (- 5, 0) and (0, - 5)
6. (a) a = 6, b = - 4, k = 5 (b) A = 4, B = - 3, p=0
3 1 1
7. (a)   (b) k 6, p = 12
2( x  1) 4( x  1) 4( x  1)
2 2

3 5  3 17
8. (b)(i) n = (ii) n =
4 16
9. (a) x = 1.58 (b) x = 6
2 2
10. (ii) 24 cm 2 (iii) y = x (iv) cm/s
3 7
1
9
11. (a) (3 x  4) 4
2
12. (a) 2 5 units (b)(i) F(7, 5), D(8, 3) (ii) 20 units 2