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Mathematical Formulae

Compound interest
n
 r 
Total amount = P 1 + 
 100 
Mensuration

Curved surface area of a cone = π r l

Surface area of a sphere = 4π r 2


1 2
Volume of a cone = πr h
3
4 3
Volume of a sphere = πr
3
1
Area of triangle ABC = ab sin C
2
Arc length = rθ , where θ is in radians

1 2
Sector area = r θ , where θ is in radians
2

Trigonometry
a b c
= =
sin A sin B sin C

a 2 = b 2 + c 2 − 2bc cos A

Statistics

Mean =
∑ fx
∑f
2

Standard deviation =
∑ fx 2 −  ∑ fx 
∑ f  ∑ f 

Methodist Girls’ School Mathematics Paper 2 Preliminary Exam 2008


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1 (a) The cost of posting a letter in 2006 was 23 cents. A bank posted 1800 letters and
was given a 6% discount on the cost.
Calculate the cost to the bank for posting the 1800 letters. [2]
(b) The cost of posting a letter was increased in 2008 from 23 cents to 26 cents.
Calculate the percentage increase in the cost of posting a letter. [2]
(c) After the price increase to 26 cents in 2008, the cost to the bank for posting 1900
letters become $454.48.
Calculate the percentage discount that the bank was given in 2008. [2]
(d) At the same time, the cost of posting a 2 kg parcel was increased by 25 %.
It would cost $3.35 for a printing company to post a 2 kg parcel in 2008. What
would have been the cost of posting this parcel in 2006? [2]

2 A container in a food factory is made by joining together a cyclinder of radius 9 cm and a


cone with a base of radius 9 cm as shown in the Figure 1.

5
B C
O
8

Figure 1 Figure 2
The height of the cyclinder is 8 cm. The point O is the centre of the base of the cone.

(a) Calculate the volume of the cyclinder. [2]


(b) Given that the total volume of the container is 3140 cm 3 , show that the height of the
cone is 13.0 cm, correct to 3 significant figures. [3]

The container rests on a horizontal floor. Figure 2 shows the vertical cross-section through
the vertex, A, of the cone. The container is partly filled with liquid through a small hole near
the top. The surface of the liquid is represented by the line BC which is 5 cm below A.

(c) Calculate the length BC. [2]


(d) Calculate the total surface area of the container that touches the liquid. [4]

Methodist Girls’ School Mathematics Paper 2 Preliminary Exam 2008


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3 In June 2007, Mrs Tan changed S$2500 into RM when the exchange rate was S$ x = RM1.
(a) Write down an expression, in terms of x, for the amount of RM she received. [1]

In June 2008, Mrs Tan again changed S$2500 into RM. The exchange rate was then
S$(x - 0.03) = RM1.
(b) Write down an expression, in terms of x, for the amount of RM she received in June
2008. [1]
(c) Given that she received RM400 more in June 2008 than the amount she received in
June 2007, form an equation in x and show that it reduces to
400 x 2 − 12 x − 75 = 0 . [3]
(d) Solve this equation to find the rate of exchange in June 2008, leaving your answer to
3 significant figures. [3]

4 (a) In the rhombus ABCD, DB cuts AC at X and ∠DAC = 55° . The point M on AD is
such that MX = AX . The line MX produced meets BC at N.

Calculate
(i) ∠AXM , [1]
(ii) ∠BNM , [1]
(iii) ∠ADC . [2]
Name a triangle which is similar to, but not congruent to, ∆AXM . [1]

A B
55° N

M X

D C

(b) OAB is a sector of a circle centre O and radius 7 cm. The mid-point of OA is C. BC
is a straight line.
Given that ∠AOB = 0.8 radians, calculate
(i) the length of arc AB, [2]
(ii) area of the shaded region. [3]
A
7
C

O 0.8

Methodist Girls’ School Mathematics Paper 2 Preliminary Exam 2008


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5 A surveyor is carring out a survey on horizontal ground. From a point O, she observes point
A which is on a bearing of 070° . The surveyor also observes a point C which is 80 m due
east of O.
It is given that AC = 72 m , AB = 110 m and point B is due south of the point A.
(a) Calculate
(i) the bearing of C from A, N [3]
(ii) BC . [3]
A

70° 72
O 80 C 110

(b) The surveyor walks from O to C and then to B at a steady speed of 3 km/h . How
long did she take to walk? [2]
(c) The surveyor then walks from B towards A until she reaches a point M, where OM is
a minimum. Calculate OM. [3]

6 OABC is a parallelogram.
1
The point X on AC is such that AX = AC .
3
1
The point Y on AB is such that AY = AB .
2
→ →
(a) Given that OA = 6p and OC = 6q , express in terms of p and q,

→
(i) AC , C B [1]

→
(ii) AX , 6q [1]

→ Y
(iii) OX , X [1]

→
(iv) OY . O A [1]
6p
What do the results of (iii) and (iv) tell you about O, X and Y? Explain your
answer. [2]

(b) Find the numerical value of


the area of ∆AXY
(i) , [2]
the area of ∆OCX
the area of ∆AXY
(ii) . [2]
the area of OABC

Methodist Girls’ School Mathematics Paper 2 Preliminary Exam 2008


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7 (a) Factorise completely


(i) 2πr 2 + πrl , [2]
(ii) 3ab − 2bd − 6ac + 4cd . [2]

(b) A large chain store, Mr Fix-Kit, sells large, medium and small tins of both green and
blue paint. The sales in December 2007 and January 2008 are given in the tables
below. The cost of a large tin of paint is $68, a medium tin is $45 and a small tin is
$20.

December 2007 January 2008


Large Medium Small Large Medium Small

Green 231 184 320 172 188 238

Blue 187 150 211 247 191 316

The information for December’s sales can be represented by the matrix D.


The information for the month of January is represented by a matrix J.

1
(i) Calculate (D + J) . [2]
62

1
(ii) Describe what is represented by the elements of (D + J) . [1]
62
 68 
 
(iii) Given that E =  45  , calculate F = (D + J) E . [1]
 20 
 
(iv) Describe what is represented by the elements of F. [1]
(v) Given that P = ( 1 1 ) , calculate Q = PF and describe what it
shows. [2]

Methodist Girls’ School Mathematics Paper 2 Preliminary Exam 2008


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8 Answer the whole of this question on a sheet of graph paper.

The table gives some values of x and the corresponding values of y, correct to 1 decimal
x 2 12
place, where y = + −4 .
5 x

x 1 1.5 2 3 4 5 6 7
y 8.2 4.5 2.8 1.8 2.2 p 5.2 7.5

(a) Find the value of p. [1]


(b) Using a scale of 2 cm to represent 1 unit on both axes, plot the points given in the
table for 1 ≤ x ≤ 7 and join them with a smooth curve. [3]
x 2 12
(c) Use your graph to find the solutions of + = 8. [1]
5 x
(d) By drawing a tangent, find the gradient of the curve at the point where
x = 1. 5 . [2]
1
(e) On the axes used in part (b), draw the graph of y = − x + 6 for 1 ≤ x ≤ 7 . [2]
2
(f) Write down the x-coordinates of the points at which the two graphs
intersect. [1]
(g) Find the equation, in the form 2 x 3 + ax 2 + bx + c = 0 , which is satisfied by the
values of x found in part (f). [2]

Methodist Girls’ School Mathematics Paper 2 Preliminary Exam 2008


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9 The box-and-whiskers below shows the the speeds (km/h) of 500 cars as they pass a certain
point, A.
(a) Find
(i) the median speed, [1]
(ii) the interquartile range. [1]

40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110

An observer notes the speeds of the same 500 cars as they pass another point, B, further up
the same road. The cumulative frequency curve below shows the speed, v km/h and the
number of cars whose speed is less than or equal to v km/h.
Cumulative
Frequency

500

400

300

200

100

Speed (v km/h)
40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110
(b) Use your curve to estimate
(i) the median speed, [1]
(ii) the seventieth percentile speed. [1]

(c) Given that 10% of the cars exceeded the speed limit at B, use your graph to find the
speed limit at this point. [2]

(d) (i) Compare the speeds of the cars at point A and B in two different ways. [2]
(ii) Anna said that cars travel faster at A than B. Do you agree? Give a reason
for your answer. [1]

Methodist Girls’ School Mathematics Paper 2 Preliminary Exam 2008


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10 The diagram below shows a sequence of shapes, F1, F2, F3, F4, made from matchsticks to
form a series of squares.

F1 F2

F3 F4

Diagram F1 F2 F3 F5

Number of matchsticks, M 4 12 24 x

Number of points where two of more


4 10 18 y
matchsticks meet, P

Number of square regions, S 1 3 7 z

(a) Find the values of x, y and z. [2]


(b) By considering the number patterns and without drawing further diagrams, write
down the number of square regions, S in
(i) F10 , [1]
(ii) Fn , in terms of n for the nth diagram (Hint : Fn is a quadratic equation). [3]
(c) Write down an equation connecting M, P and S. [2]
(d) Will 537 appear in column P? Justify your answer. [2]

Methodist Girls’ School Mathematics Paper 2 Preliminary Exam 2008