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You are on page 1of 8

Mathematical Formulae

Compound interest

n

r

Total amount = P 1 +

100

Mensuration

1 2

Volume of a cone = πr h

3

4 3

Volume of a sphere = πr

3

1

Area of triangle ABC = ab sin C

2

Arc length = rθ , where θ is in radians

1 2

Sector area = r θ , where θ is in radians

2

Trigonometry

a b c

= =

sin A sin B sin C

a 2 = b 2 + c 2 − 2bc cos A

Statistics

Mean =

∑ fx

∑f

2

Standard deviation =

∑ fx 2 − ∑ fx

∑ f ∑ f

Page 2 of 8

1 (a) The cost of posting a letter in 2006 was 23 cents. A bank posted 1800 letters and

was given a 6% discount on the cost.

Calculate the cost to the bank for posting the 1800 letters. [2]

(b) The cost of posting a letter was increased in 2008 from 23 cents to 26 cents.

Calculate the percentage increase in the cost of posting a letter. [2]

(c) After the price increase to 26 cents in 2008, the cost to the bank for posting 1900

letters become $454.48.

Calculate the percentage discount that the bank was given in 2008. [2]

(d) At the same time, the cost of posting a 2 kg parcel was increased by 25 %.

It would cost $3.35 for a printing company to post a 2 kg parcel in 2008. What

would have been the cost of posting this parcel in 2006? [2]

cone with a base of radius 9 cm as shown in the Figure 1.

5

B C

O

8

Figure 1 Figure 2

The height of the cyclinder is 8 cm. The point O is the centre of the base of the cone.

(b) Given that the total volume of the container is 3140 cm 3 , show that the height of the

cone is 13.0 cm, correct to 3 significant figures. [3]

The container rests on a horizontal floor. Figure 2 shows the vertical cross-section through

the vertex, A, of the cone. The container is partly filled with liquid through a small hole near

the top. The surface of the liquid is represented by the line BC which is 5 cm below A.

(d) Calculate the total surface area of the container that touches the liquid. [4]

Page 3 of 8

3 In June 2007, Mrs Tan changed S$2500 into RM when the exchange rate was S$ x = RM1.

(a) Write down an expression, in terms of x, for the amount of RM she received. [1]

In June 2008, Mrs Tan again changed S$2500 into RM. The exchange rate was then

S$(x - 0.03) = RM1.

(b) Write down an expression, in terms of x, for the amount of RM she received in June

2008. [1]

(c) Given that she received RM400 more in June 2008 than the amount she received in

June 2007, form an equation in x and show that it reduces to

400 x 2 − 12 x − 75 = 0 . [3]

(d) Solve this equation to find the rate of exchange in June 2008, leaving your answer to

3 significant figures. [3]

4 (a) In the rhombus ABCD, DB cuts AC at X and ∠DAC = 55° . The point M on AD is

such that MX = AX . The line MX produced meets BC at N.

Calculate

(i) ∠AXM , [1]

(ii) ∠BNM , [1]

(iii) ∠ADC . [2]

Name a triangle which is similar to, but not congruent to, ∆AXM . [1]

A B

55° N

M X

D C

(b) OAB is a sector of a circle centre O and radius 7 cm. The mid-point of OA is C. BC

is a straight line.

Given that ∠AOB = 0.8 radians, calculate

(i) the length of arc AB, [2]

(ii) area of the shaded region. [3]

A

7

C

O 0.8

Page 4 of 8

5 A surveyor is carring out a survey on horizontal ground. From a point O, she observes point

A which is on a bearing of 070° . The surveyor also observes a point C which is 80 m due

east of O.

It is given that AC = 72 m , AB = 110 m and point B is due south of the point A.

(a) Calculate

(i) the bearing of C from A, N [3]

(ii) BC . [3]

A

70° 72

O 80 C 110

(b) The surveyor walks from O to C and then to B at a steady speed of 3 km/h . How

long did she take to walk? [2]

(c) The surveyor then walks from B towards A until she reaches a point M, where OM is

a minimum. Calculate OM. [3]

6 OABC is a parallelogram.

1

The point X on AC is such that AX = AC .

3

1

The point Y on AB is such that AY = AB .

2

→ →

(a) Given that OA = 6p and OC = 6q , express in terms of p and q,

→

(i) AC , C B [1]

→

(ii) AX , 6q [1]

→ Y

(iii) OX , X [1]

→

(iv) OY . O A [1]

6p

What do the results of (iii) and (iv) tell you about O, X and Y? Explain your

answer. [2]

the area of ∆AXY

(i) , [2]

the area of ∆OCX

the area of ∆AXY

(ii) . [2]

the area of OABC

Page 5 of 8

(i) 2πr 2 + πrl , [2]

(ii) 3ab − 2bd − 6ac + 4cd . [2]

(b) A large chain store, Mr Fix-Kit, sells large, medium and small tins of both green and

blue paint. The sales in December 2007 and January 2008 are given in the tables

below. The cost of a large tin of paint is $68, a medium tin is $45 and a small tin is

$20.

Large Medium Small Large Medium Small

The information for the month of January is represented by a matrix J.

1

(i) Calculate (D + J) . [2]

62

1

(ii) Describe what is represented by the elements of (D + J) . [1]

62

68

(iii) Given that E = 45 , calculate F = (D + J) E . [1]

20

(iv) Describe what is represented by the elements of F. [1]

(v) Given that P = ( 1 1 ) , calculate Q = PF and describe what it

shows. [2]

Page 6 of 8

The table gives some values of x and the corresponding values of y, correct to 1 decimal

x 2 12

place, where y = + −4 .

5 x

x 1 1.5 2 3 4 5 6 7

y 8.2 4.5 2.8 1.8 2.2 p 5.2 7.5

(b) Using a scale of 2 cm to represent 1 unit on both axes, plot the points given in the

table for 1 ≤ x ≤ 7 and join them with a smooth curve. [3]

x 2 12

(c) Use your graph to find the solutions of + = 8. [1]

5 x

(d) By drawing a tangent, find the gradient of the curve at the point where

x = 1. 5 . [2]

1

(e) On the axes used in part (b), draw the graph of y = − x + 6 for 1 ≤ x ≤ 7 . [2]

2

(f) Write down the x-coordinates of the points at which the two graphs

intersect. [1]

(g) Find the equation, in the form 2 x 3 + ax 2 + bx + c = 0 , which is satisfied by the

values of x found in part (f). [2]

Page 7 of 8

9 The box-and-whiskers below shows the the speeds (km/h) of 500 cars as they pass a certain

point, A.

(a) Find

(i) the median speed, [1]

(ii) the interquartile range. [1]

40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110

An observer notes the speeds of the same 500 cars as they pass another point, B, further up

the same road. The cumulative frequency curve below shows the speed, v km/h and the

number of cars whose speed is less than or equal to v km/h.

Cumulative

Frequency

500

400

300

200

100

Speed (v km/h)

40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110

(b) Use your curve to estimate

(i) the median speed, [1]

(ii) the seventieth percentile speed. [1]

(c) Given that 10% of the cars exceeded the speed limit at B, use your graph to find the

speed limit at this point. [2]

(d) (i) Compare the speeds of the cars at point A and B in two different ways. [2]

(ii) Anna said that cars travel faster at A than B. Do you agree? Give a reason

for your answer. [1]

Page 8 of 8

10 The diagram below shows a sequence of shapes, F1, F2, F3, F4, made from matchsticks to

form a series of squares.

F1 F2

F3 F4

Diagram F1 F2 F3 F5

Number of matchsticks, M 4 12 24 x

4 10 18 y

matchsticks meet, P

(b) By considering the number patterns and without drawing further diagrams, write

down the number of square regions, S in

(i) F10 , [1]

(ii) Fn , in terms of n for the nth diagram (Hint : Fn is a quadratic equation). [3]

(c) Write down an equation connecting M, P and S. [2]

(d) Will 537 appear in column P? Justify your answer. [2]

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