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Mathematical Formulae

Compound interest
n
⎛ r ⎞
Total amount = P ⎜ 1+ ⎟
⎝ 100 ⎠

Mensuration

Curved surface area of a cone = π rl

Surface area of a sphere = 4π r 2

1 2
Volume of a cone = πr h
3

4 3
Volume of a sphere = πr
3

1
Area of triangle ABC = ab sinC
2

Arc length = rθ , where θ is in radians

1 2
Sector area = r θ , where θ is in radians
2

Trigonometry

a b c
= =
sin A sin B sin C

a 2 = b 2 + c 2 − 2bc cos A

Statistics

∑ fx
Mean =
∑f

2
∑ fx 2 ⎛ ∑ fx ⎞
Standard deviation = −⎜ ⎟
∑f ⎝∑f ⎠

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Methodist Girls' School Mathematics Paper 1 Preliminary Exam 2008
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1 An oxygen molecule has a radius of 30 picometres. Express 30 picometres in For


Examiner’s
metres, giving your answer in standard form. Use

Answer __________________ [2]

__________________________________________________________________________

2 A car travelled for 4 hours at 70 km/h. It then travelled another 200 km at 80 km/h.
Calculate
(a) the distance travelled in the first part of the journey,
(b) the time taken for the second part of the journey,
(c) the average speed of the car for the whole journey.

Answer (a)_______________________km [1]


(b)_________________________h [1]
(c)______________________km/h [2]
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3 (a) Express 1960 as the product of its prime factors.
(b) Find the smallest positive integer n for which 1960n is a perfect square.

Answer(a) ___________________[1]

(b) n = _______________ [1]


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Methodist Girls' School Mathematics Paper 1 Preliminary Exam 2008
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4 The following diagram shows 2 geometrically similar containers. The ratio of the [Type
For a
Examiner’s
base area of Container A to Container B is 9:16. quote
Use

Container A Container B

(a) Given that the base area of container B is 480 cm2, calculate the base area of
container A.
(b) Write down the ratio of the height of container A to that of container B.
(c) Both the containers are filled up with water. The volume of water in
container A is 36 litres. Calculate the volume of water in container B.

Answer (a)_______________________cm2 [1]

(b)__________________________[1]

(c)______________________litres [2]
__________________________________________________________________________

2p 3
5 Simplify − .
2
p −9 p+3

Answer _______________________ [2]


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Methodist Girls' School Mathematics Paper 1 Preliminary Exam 2008
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For
Examiner’s
6 Joyce can do a piece of work in 12 days and Lydia can do the same piece of work in Use

8 days. They work together on it for 3 days and then Lydia stops working altogether.
How long will it take for Joyce to complete the remaining part of the work by
herself?

Answer ______________days [3]


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−3 −2
7 Given that p = 3.6 × 10 and q = 1.75 × 10 , find the value of

(a) q − p , giving your answer in decimal,

3p
(b) , giving your answer in standard form.
q

Answer (a)____________________[1]

(b)___________________[1]
________________________________________________________________________
8 Three bells ring at intervals of 24 minutes, 30 minutes and 72 minutes respectively. If
they ring together at 07 40, at what time will they next ring together?

Answer ____________________ [3]

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Methodist Girls' School Mathematics Paper 1 Preliminary Exam 2008
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For
x Examiner’s
9 Given that z = , Use
4 x − 12 y
(a) find the value of z if x = 4 and y = − 3,

(b) express x in terms of y and z.

Answer (a) ____________________ [2]

(b) ____________________ [2]


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10 Janet has $5000 to invest for 3 years. She could put her money in fixed deposit
earning 2% simple interest annually or invest in a unit trust with a return equivalent
to 3.4% compound interest per annum.
(a) Calculate the total amount of money she would receive at the end of 3 years if
she had put her money in fixed deposit.(Assume that the principal remains the
same throughout the 3 years.)
(b) If she had invested her money in unit trust, how much would she get at the end
of 3 years?
Give your answers to the nearest cent.

Answer (a) $____________________ [2]

(b) $___________________ [2]


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Methodist Girls' School Mathematics Paper 1 Preliminary Exam 2008
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For
Examiner’s
Use
11 ABC is a triangle in which AB = 5 cm and BC = 2 cm, D is a point on CB
produced, where BD = 3 cm and AD = 4 cm.
D

4 3

5
A B

(a) Explain why ∠ADB is a right angle.


(b) Expressing your answers as fractions, in their lowest terms, find
(i) tan ∠DAC ,
(ii) cos ∠ABC .

Answer (a) __________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________[1]

b)(i)____________________ [1]

(ii) ____________________[1]
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x + 5 14 + x
12 Solve the inequality: 1 < ≤ .
2 3
Show your solution on the number line in the answer space.

Answer [3]
−6 −4 −2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14

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Methodist Girls' School Mathematics Paper 1 Preliminary Exam 2008
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For
For
Examiner’s
Examiner’s
Use
Use
2
13 The diagram below shows the graph of y= 2 x − 4 x − 16 .
y

x
p q

(a) Find the values of p and q.

Express 2 x − 4 x − 16 in the form a( x − b )2 + c .


2
(b)
(c) Hence, write down the equation of the line of symmetry.
(d) What is the minimum value of y ?

Answer (a) p =_______ q=_______ [2]

(b) _____________________ [1]

(c) _____________________ [1]

(d) ____________________ [1]


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Methodist Girls' School Mathematics Paper 1 Preliminary Exam 2008
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For
14 In the diagram below, C is a point (0, - 5) and A is a point on the y-axis. The line AB Examiner’s
Use

meets the horizontal line through C at B.

x
O

B C(0, - 5)

(a) Write down the equation of line BC.


(b) Given that the equation of the line AB is 2 y − 3x = 8 , find the coordinates of B.
(c) Find the area of triangle ABC.
(d) Calculate the perpendicular distance from C to AB, giving your answer correct
to two decimal places.

Answer (a) ___________________[1]

(b) B = ( , ) [1]
(c)_______________units2 [1]

(d) _______________units [2]


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Methodist Girls' School Mathematics Paper 1 Preliminary Exam 2008
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15 In quadrilateral ABCD, BC = 6 cm, AC = 9 cm, CD = 8 cm and AD = 4 cm. For


Examiner’s
The side AB is drawn in the answer space. Use
(a) (i) Complete the quadrilateral. [1]
(ii) Measure and write down the size of ∠ABC .
(b) (i) Construct the perpendicular bisectors of the side BC and the diagonal AC.
[1]
(ii) Draw a circle passing through A, B and C. Mark and label the centre as
X. [1]
(iii) Measure and write down the radius of the circle.

A B

Answer (a)(ii) ∠ABC = ______________ [1]

(b)(ii) ____________________cm [1]


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Methodist Girls' School Mathematics Paper 1 Preliminary Exam 2008
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For
16 The students in two classes took the same Mathematics test. Information relating to Examiner’s
Use
the results is shown in the tables below.
Class P
Marks 55 – 65 66 – 74 75 – 95
Frequency 3 19 10

Class Q
Mean = 68.0
Standard Deviation = 3.83

(a) For Class P, calculate


(i) the mean,
(ii) the standard deviation.

Answer (a)(i) _______________ [1]


(ii) _______________[1]

(b) Compare, briefly, the results for the two classes.


______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________[1]

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Methodist Girls' School Mathematics Paper 1 Preliminary Exam 2008
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17 Sketch in the answer space provided, the graph of For


Examiner’s
1 Use
(a) x = −3 (b) y = (x + 1)2 (c) y = 2
x
y y y

x
x x

[3]
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⎛ − 2⎞ ⎛3⎞ ⎛ a ⎞
18 Given that p = ⎜⎜ ⎟⎟ , q = ⎜⎜ ⎟⎟ and r = ⎜⎜ ⎟⎟ ,
⎝ 5 ⎠ ⎝ −1⎠ ⎝ − 7.5 ⎠

(a) find 2 p ,
(b) express p ─ 3q as a column vector ,
(c) given that p is parallel to r, find a.

Answer (a) ____________________ [1]

(b) ____________________ [1]

(c) ____________________ [2]

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Methodist Girls' School Mathematics Paper 1 Preliminary Exam 2008
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19
For
Examiner’s
C Use

40o
P
O
o B
72
38o
T A

o
In the figure, TA is a tangent to the circle whose centre is O. If ∠TOB = 72 ,
o o
∠TAB = 38 and ∠PCT = 40 , calculate the following angles, stating clearly the
reasons:
(a) ∠ACT ,
(b) ∠CTO ,
(c) ∠PTB .

Answer (a)__________________[1]
o

(b)__________________[2]
o

(c)__________________[2]

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Methodist Girls' School Mathematics Paper 1 Preliminary Exam 2008
Page 13 of 14

20 Given that ξ = { x : x is an integer and 0< x <15}, P = {x : 3 x < 15} , For


Examiner’s
Q = {x : ( x − 3)( x − 7) = 0} and R = {x : x is a prime number}. Use
(a) List the members of P ∩ Q ' .
(b) Find the value of n(P'∩ R ) .
.

Answer (a) _________________ [2]

(b) __________________ [2]

__________________________________________________________________________

⎛ 3 − 2⎞ ⎛3 − 2⎞
21 Given that A = ⎜⎜ ⎟⎟ and B = ⎜⎜ ⎟⎟
⎝−1 5 ⎠ ⎝9 − 7⎠
(a) find 2A + B,
(b) find matrix product AB.

Answer (a) ____________________[1]

(b)____________________ [2]
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Methodist Girls' School Mathematics Paper 1 Preliminary Exam 2008
Page 14 of 14

22 The deposit required by a hotel to reserve a ballroom for a party is $2 400. In For
addition, the hotel charges $70 for every guest invited. Let $ y be the total amount Examiner’s
Use
charged for x invited guests.

(a) Complete the following table. [1]


Number of guests invited, x 60 90 120
Total amount charged, $y

(b) Write a linear equation connecting x and y.


(c) What does the gradient represent?
(d) If the total bill for the party is $16 260, how many guests were invited for the
party?

Answer (b) ________________________________ [1]

(c) _______________________________ [1]

(d) ________________________________ [1]


__________________________________________________________________________

23 In a game, two dice are thrown together. Die A has 2 red faces and 4 blue faces.
Die B has 4 red faces and 2 white faces. Find, as a fraction, the probability that
(a) they both dice show a red face on top,
(b) at least one red face on top,

Answer (a) ___________________ [1]

(b) ___________________ [2]


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End of Paper
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Methodist Girls' School Mathematics Paper 1 Preliminary Exam 2008