You are on page 1of 19

Class Index Number Name

SINGAPORE CHINESE GIRLS’ SCHOOL


Preliminary Examination 2008

MATHEMATICS 4016/01
PAPER 1

Tuesday 29 July 2008 2 hours


Candidates answer on the Question Paper.

READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST

Write your class, index number and name on all the work you hand in.
Write in dark blue or black pen on both sides of the paper.
You may use a pencil for any diagrams or graphs.
Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.

Answer all questions.


If working is needed for any question it must be shown with the answer.
Omission of essential working will result in loss of marks.
You are expected to use a scientific calculator to evaluate explicit numerical expressions.
If the degree of accuracy is not specified in the question, and if the answer is not exact,
give the answer to three significant figures. Give answers in degrees to one decimal place.
For π, use either your calculator value or 3.142, unless the question requires the answer in
terms of π.

At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.
The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.
The total of the marks for this paper is 80.

This Question Paper consists of 17 printed pages.

SCGS Preliminary Examination 2008 [Turn over


2
Mathematical Formulae

Compound Interest

r n
Total amount = P (1 + )
100

Mensuration

Curved surface area of


a cone = πrl

Surface area of a sphere = 4πr 2

1 2
Volume of a cone = πr h
3

4 3
Volume of a sphere = πr
3

1
Area of triangle = ab sin C
2

Arc length = rθ , where θ is in radians

1 2
Sector area = r θ , where θ is in radians
2

Trigonometry

a b c
= =
sin A sin B sin C

a 2 = b 2 + c 2 − 2bc cos A

Statistics

∑ fx
mean =
∑f

2
∑ fx 2  ∑ fx 
Standard deviation = −  
∑f ∑f 
3
For For
Examiner’s Answer all the questions. Examiner’s
Use Use

1 Annie bought a handbag for $ y. She sold it to Betty at a profit of 20%. Betty then
sold it to Carrie for $90 at a loss of 25%. Find y.

Answe y= [2]
r

2 June is organizing a tea party. There are 30 bread rolls in a pack. There are 16
sausages in a pack. There are 12 slices of cheese in a pack. She wishes to buy
exactly the same number of bread rolls, sausages and cheese. What is the
minimum number of each pack she must buy?

Answe packs of bread rolls, packs of sausages and


r
packs of cheese [2]

3 123456
Evaluate 3 3 , giving your answer correct to 1 significant figure.
9.67 2 − (2 ) 4
7

Answe [2]
4

SCGS Preliminary Examination 2008 [Turn over


For For
Examiner’s 4 At noon on a particular day, the temperature at the foot of a mountain was 8.5 oC Examiner’s
Use Use
and the temperature at the top of the mountain was –3.2 oC
(a) Calculate the difference between these temperatures.
(b) The height of the mountain is 4563 m.
Given that the temperature changed uniformly with height, calculate the
height above the foot of the mountain at which the temperature was –1.8 oC.

o
Answe (a C [1]
r )
(b m [1]
)

5 12 workers can build a bridge 30m long in 6 days. Assuming that all the workers
work at the same rate, calculate the number of days 18 workers would need to
build a similar bridge 15m long.

Answe days [2]


r

6 A man borrows $10 000 from a bank at 12% per annum compounded monthly. He
repays the bank $2 000 quarterly. What is his outstanding loan just after his first
repayment?
5

Answe $ [2]
r

SCGS Preliminary Examination 2008 [Turn over


For For
Examiner’s 7 Light travels 1 metre in 3.3 nanoseconds. Examiner’s
Use Use
(a) Calculate the distance, in metres, that light travels in 1 second. Give your
answer in standard form correct to 3 significant figures.
(b) A planet is 81900 terametre from the earth. Calculate the number of seconds
that light takes to travel from the planet to the earth. Give your answer in
standard form, correct to 2 decimal places.

Answe (a m [1]
r )
(b s [1]
)

8 (a) Write down the next two terms of the sequence –15, –8, –1, 6, … …
(b) Find the value of a in the sequence … … a, b, c, d, 0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, … …
(c) The first 4 terms of a sequence are 5, 8, 13, 20, … …
Find the nth term of this sequence.
6

Answe (a [1]
r )
(b a= [1]
)
(c [1]
)

SCGS Preliminary Examination 2008 [Turn over


For For
Examiner’s 9 (a) Solve 240 + 240 = 2w. Examiner’s
Use Use
1
Simplify (93n ÷ 27 n−1 ) − 3 .
(b)

Answe (a w= [1]
r )
(b [2]
)

10 On the grid in the answer space, OA = 2a and OB = b. The point P is also


shown.
7

(a) Find the ratio | OA | : | OB |. Leave your answer in surds.


(b) Mark clearly on the grid, the point C such that CA = 2(a – b). [1]
(c) Given that D is a point such that OD = ha and DP = kb, mark and label
clearly the point D on the grid. [1]

Answe (a [2]
r )

SCGS Preliminary Examination 2008 [Turn over


For For
Examiner’s 11 The graph shows the charges made by a telecommunication company for making Examiner’s
Use Use
local phone calls lasting up to 80 minutes. The total cost is made up of a fixed
charge, $3.00, together with a charge of $x per minute for making local phone
calls.

phone charges ($)

10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100

time of local phone call made (mins)


8

(a) Find the cost of making 44 minutes of local phone call.


(b) (i) A second telecommunication company that does not have a fixed
charge, charges 8¢ per minute for the first 50 minutes and 15¢ per
minute after that.
Draw a graph, in the same axes, to represent the charge made by this
second company. [1]
(ii) Find the range of times for which it would be cheaper to subscribe to
the second company.

Answe (a) $ [1]


r
(b) (ii) [1]

SCGS Preliminary Examination 2008 [Turn over


For For
Examiner’s 1 3 Examiner’s
Use 12 Solve the simultaneous equations x + y = −6 , Use
4 5
3 y = −4 x + 3 .

Answer x= and y= [3]

p
13 (a) p−
Simplify 1 .
1−
p
9

(b) 1 1
If ab = –k and 2
+ 2 = m , find the value of (a – b)2 in terms of k and m.
a b

Answe (a [2]
r )
(b [2]
)

SCGS Preliminary Examination 2008 [Turn over


For For
Examiner’s 14 (a) Solve 5q2 = 2q. Examiner’s
Use Use

x2 + z 2
(b) Given that y = 3w , express x in terms of w, y and z.
x2

Answe (a [1]
r )
(b [2]
)
10

15 (a) If an electrical current varies inversely with resistance, what is the effect on
the current when the resistance is doubled?
y
(b) Given that –6 ≤ 3x + 1 ≤ 2x + 13 and – 3 ≤ ≤ 2.
2
Find
(i) the least integer value of x,
(ii) the smallest possible value of x2 – y2.

Answer (a) [1]


Answe (b (i) [1]
r )
(ii) [1]

SCGS Preliminary Examination 2008 [Turn over


For For
Examiner’s 1 (a) Two bags contain coloured marbles. Bag X contains 6 green, 3 yellow and 2 Examiner’s
Use Use
6 pink marbles. Bag Y contains 3 green and 4 yellow marbles. One marble is
randomly chosen from each bag. Find the probability that
(i) both are not green marbles,
(ii) one is green and one is yellow.
(b) A Captain and five passengers were on board a sinking ship. There were
three lifejackets remaining. The Captain knew that three of the passengers
cannot swim. In his panic, he handed out the lifejackets randomly to three of
the five passengers.
Calculate the probability that the Captain gave the lifejackets to at least two
of the three non-swimmers.
11

Answe (a (i) [1]


r )
(ii) [1]
(b [3]
)

SCGS Preliminary Examination 2008 [Turn over


For For
Examiner’s 17 (a) Sketch the graph of y = (1 – x)(3 + x). Examiner’s
Use Use
12

Answe (a)
r
y

[2]

1
(b) (i) Express y = –2x2 – 4kx + in the form p(x + a)2 + b.
4
(ii) State, in terms of k, the maximum value of y.
1
(ii) Given that y = –2x2 – 4kx + is symmetrical about the line x = 4, find
4
the value of k.

Answe (b (i) [2]


r )
(ii) [1]
(iii) k = [1]

SCGS Preliminary Examination 2008 [Turn over


For For
Examiner’s 18 The pupils in two classes took the same Science test. Information relating to the Examiner’s
13
Use Use
results is shown in the table below.
Class A :
Marks, m 5 < m ≤ 10 10 < m ≤ 15 15 < m ≤ 20 20 < m ≤ 25
Number of pupils 2 8 11 3

Class B :
Mean = 15.8
Standard deviation = 3.8

(a) For class A, calculate


(i) the mean,
(ii) the standard deviation.
(b) Compare, briefly, the results for the two classes.

Answe (a (i) [2]


r )
(ii) [2]
Answer (b)
[1]

SCGS Preliminary Examination 2008 [Turn over


14
For For
Examiner’s 19 In the diagram, ABCD is a parallelogram. ADE and BFE are straight lines. Examiner’s
Use Use
DE = 2AD and the area of triangle ABE = 36 cm2.

F
C
D

B A

(a) Prove that CF × EF = DF × BF.


(b) Find the area of ∆BCF.

Answer (a)

[3]
Answe (b cm2 [2]
r )
15
SCGS Preliminary Examination 2008 [Turn over
For For
Examiner’s 20 The diagram shows the line l. Examiner’s
Use Use

8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
l
x
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 [2]

(a) Find the equation of l.


(b) On the grid above, draw the lines
(i) x = 1,
(ii) x + y = 5.
(c) Find the area of the triangle enclosed by these three lines.
(d) The lines l and x = 1 intersect to form an obtuse angle θ. Express as a
fraction, the value of tan θ.

Answe (a [1]
r )
(c units2 [1]
)
(d tan θ = [1]
16

SCGS Preliminary Examination 2008 [Turn over


For For
Examiner’s
Use
21 A triangular garden PQR is such that PQ = 195 m, QR = 267.5 m and QPˆ R = Examiner’s
Use
108o.
(a) Using a scale of 1 cm to 25 m, construct a plan of the garden. [2]
(b) Hence write down the actual length of PR, in metres.
(c) Expressing your answer in square metres, calculate the area of a pond which
is represented by an area of 8.8 cm2 on the plan.
(d) A bench is located at the intersection of the perpendicular bisector of PR and
the bisector of angle QRP.
(i) Using compasses, construct the two bisectors. [2]
(ii) Complete the statement in the answer space.

Answe (b m [1]
r )
(c m2 [1]
)
17

(d) (ii) The bench is equidistant from the points


and equidistant from the lines [1]

SCGS Preliminary Examination 2008 [Turn over

For For
Examiner’s 22 22 Examiner’s
Use [For this question, the value of π is .] Use
7
The speed-time graph below shows the motions of car X and car Y.
For car X, the first part of the graph is an arc of a circle, centre at the point P. Car
X then decelerates uniformly to rest.
For car Y, it travels at a constant speed of 2 m/s for the first 7 seconds and then
accelerates at a uniform rate to its maximum speed before decelerating uniformly
to rest.

speed (m/s)

car Y
car X
7

2
P time (s)
0 7 14 17

The total distance that car X travelled is equal to the distance that car Y travelled
for the first 17 seconds, when car Y reaches its maximum speed.
(a) Find the maximum speed of car Y.
(b) Car Y decelerates at 2.5 m/s2. Calculate the total time taken for car Y to
travel the whole journey.
(c) What is the speed of car Y when t = 10s ?
(d) On the axes in the answer space, sketch the acceleration-time graph of car Y.
18

SCGS Preliminary Examination 2008 [Turn over


For 22 For
Examiner’s Examiner’s
Use Use

Answe (a m/s [2]


r )
(b s [1]
)
(c m/s [2]
)
Answer (d)
19

acceleration (m/s2)

time (s)
0

[2]

SCGS Preliminary Examination 2008 [Turn over