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Preliminary Examination 2008

MATHEMATICS 4016/01

PAPER 1

Candidates answer on the Question Paper.

Write your class, index number and name on all the work you hand in.

Write in dark blue or black pen on both sides of the paper.

You may use a pencil for any diagrams or graphs.

Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.

If working is needed for any question it must be shown with the answer.

Omission of essential working will result in loss of marks.

You are expected to use a scientific calculator to evaluate explicit numerical expressions.

If the degree of accuracy is not specified in the question, and if the answer is not exact,

give the answer to three significant figures. Give answers in degrees to one decimal place.

For π, use either your calculator value or 3.142, unless the question requires the answer in

terms of π.

At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.

The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.

The total of the marks for this paper is 80.

2

Mathematical Formulae

Compound Interest

r n

Total amount = P (1 + )

100

Mensuration

a cone = πrl

1 2

Volume of a cone = πr h

3

4 3

Volume of a sphere = πr

3

1

Area of triangle = ab sin C

2

1 2

Sector area = r θ , where θ is in radians

2

Trigonometry

a b c

= =

sin A sin B sin C

a 2 = b 2 + c 2 − 2bc cos A

Statistics

∑ fx

mean =

∑f

2

∑ fx 2 ∑ fx

Standard deviation = −

∑f ∑f

3

For For

Examiner’s Answer all the questions. Examiner’s

Use Use

1 Annie bought a handbag for $ y. She sold it to Betty at a profit of 20%. Betty then

sold it to Carrie for $90 at a loss of 25%. Find y.

Answe y= [2]

r

2 June is organizing a tea party. There are 30 bread rolls in a pack. There are 16

sausages in a pack. There are 12 slices of cheese in a pack. She wishes to buy

exactly the same number of bread rolls, sausages and cheese. What is the

minimum number of each pack she must buy?

r

packs of cheese [2]

3 123456

Evaluate 3 3 , giving your answer correct to 1 significant figure.

9.67 2 − (2 ) 4

7

Answe [2]

4

For For

Examiner’s 4 At noon on a particular day, the temperature at the foot of a mountain was 8.5 oC Examiner’s

Use Use

and the temperature at the top of the mountain was –3.2 oC

(a) Calculate the difference between these temperatures.

(b) The height of the mountain is 4563 m.

Given that the temperature changed uniformly with height, calculate the

height above the foot of the mountain at which the temperature was –1.8 oC.

o

Answe (a C [1]

r )

(b m [1]

)

5 12 workers can build a bridge 30m long in 6 days. Assuming that all the workers

work at the same rate, calculate the number of days 18 workers would need to

build a similar bridge 15m long.

r

6 A man borrows $10 000 from a bank at 12% per annum compounded monthly. He

repays the bank $2 000 quarterly. What is his outstanding loan just after his first

repayment?

5

Answe $ [2]

r

For For

Examiner’s 7 Light travels 1 metre in 3.3 nanoseconds. Examiner’s

Use Use

(a) Calculate the distance, in metres, that light travels in 1 second. Give your

answer in standard form correct to 3 significant figures.

(b) A planet is 81900 terametre from the earth. Calculate the number of seconds

that light takes to travel from the planet to the earth. Give your answer in

standard form, correct to 2 decimal places.

Answe (a m [1]

r )

(b s [1]

)

8 (a) Write down the next two terms of the sequence –15, –8, –1, 6, … …

(b) Find the value of a in the sequence … … a, b, c, d, 0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, … …

(c) The first 4 terms of a sequence are 5, 8, 13, 20, … …

Find the nth term of this sequence.

6

Answe (a [1]

r )

(b a= [1]

)

(c [1]

)

For For

Examiner’s 9 (a) Solve 240 + 240 = 2w. Examiner’s

Use Use

1

Simplify (93n ÷ 27 n−1 ) − 3 .

(b)

Answe (a w= [1]

r )

(b [2]

)

shown.

7

(b) Mark clearly on the grid, the point C such that CA = 2(a – b). [1]

(c) Given that D is a point such that OD = ha and DP = kb, mark and label

clearly the point D on the grid. [1]

Answe (a [2]

r )

For For

Examiner’s 11 The graph shows the charges made by a telecommunication company for making Examiner’s

Use Use

local phone calls lasting up to 80 minutes. The total cost is made up of a fixed

charge, $3.00, together with a charge of $x per minute for making local phone

calls.

10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100

8

(b) (i) A second telecommunication company that does not have a fixed

charge, charges 8¢ per minute for the first 50 minutes and 15¢ per

minute after that.

Draw a graph, in the same axes, to represent the charge made by this

second company. [1]

(ii) Find the range of times for which it would be cheaper to subscribe to

the second company.

r

(b) (ii) [1]

For For

Examiner’s 1 3 Examiner’s

Use 12 Solve the simultaneous equations x + y = −6 , Use

4 5

3 y = −4 x + 3 .

p

13 (a) p−

Simplify 1 .

1−

p

9

(b) 1 1

If ab = –k and 2

+ 2 = m , find the value of (a – b)2 in terms of k and m.

a b

Answe (a [2]

r )

(b [2]

)

For For

Examiner’s 14 (a) Solve 5q2 = 2q. Examiner’s

Use Use

x2 + z 2

(b) Given that y = 3w , express x in terms of w, y and z.

x2

Answe (a [1]

r )

(b [2]

)

10

15 (a) If an electrical current varies inversely with resistance, what is the effect on

the current when the resistance is doubled?

y

(b) Given that –6 ≤ 3x + 1 ≤ 2x + 13 and – 3 ≤ ≤ 2.

2

Find

(i) the least integer value of x,

(ii) the smallest possible value of x2 – y2.

Answe (b (i) [1]

r )

(ii) [1]

For For

Examiner’s 1 (a) Two bags contain coloured marbles. Bag X contains 6 green, 3 yellow and 2 Examiner’s

Use Use

6 pink marbles. Bag Y contains 3 green and 4 yellow marbles. One marble is

randomly chosen from each bag. Find the probability that

(i) both are not green marbles,

(ii) one is green and one is yellow.

(b) A Captain and five passengers were on board a sinking ship. There were

three lifejackets remaining. The Captain knew that three of the passengers

cannot swim. In his panic, he handed out the lifejackets randomly to three of

the five passengers.

Calculate the probability that the Captain gave the lifejackets to at least two

of the three non-swimmers.

11

r )

(ii) [1]

(b [3]

)

For For

Examiner’s 17 (a) Sketch the graph of y = (1 – x)(3 + x). Examiner’s

Use Use

12

Answe (a)

r

y

[2]

1

(b) (i) Express y = –2x2 – 4kx + in the form p(x + a)2 + b.

4

(ii) State, in terms of k, the maximum value of y.

1

(ii) Given that y = –2x2 – 4kx + is symmetrical about the line x = 4, find

4

the value of k.

r )

(ii) [1]

(iii) k = [1]

For For

Examiner’s 18 The pupils in two classes took the same Science test. Information relating to the Examiner’s

13

Use Use

results is shown in the table below.

Class A :

Marks, m 5 < m ≤ 10 10 < m ≤ 15 15 < m ≤ 20 20 < m ≤ 25

Number of pupils 2 8 11 3

Class B :

Mean = 15.8

Standard deviation = 3.8

(i) the mean,

(ii) the standard deviation.

(b) Compare, briefly, the results for the two classes.

r )

(ii) [2]

Answer (b)

[1]

14

For For

Examiner’s 19 In the diagram, ABCD is a parallelogram. ADE and BFE are straight lines. Examiner’s

Use Use

DE = 2AD and the area of triangle ABE = 36 cm2.

F

C

D

B A

(b) Find the area of ∆BCF.

Answer (a)

[3]

Answe (b cm2 [2]

r )

15

SCGS Preliminary Examination 2008 [Turn over

For For

Examiner’s 20 The diagram shows the line l. Examiner’s

Use Use

8

7

6

5

4

3

2

1

l

x

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 [2]

(b) On the grid above, draw the lines

(i) x = 1,

(ii) x + y = 5.

(c) Find the area of the triangle enclosed by these three lines.

(d) The lines l and x = 1 intersect to form an obtuse angle θ. Express as a

fraction, the value of tan θ.

Answe (a [1]

r )

(c units2 [1]

)

(d tan θ = [1]

16

For For

Examiner’s

Use

21 A triangular garden PQR is such that PQ = 195 m, QR = 267.5 m and QPˆ R = Examiner’s

Use

108o.

(a) Using a scale of 1 cm to 25 m, construct a plan of the garden. [2]

(b) Hence write down the actual length of PR, in metres.

(c) Expressing your answer in square metres, calculate the area of a pond which

is represented by an area of 8.8 cm2 on the plan.

(d) A bench is located at the intersection of the perpendicular bisector of PR and

the bisector of angle QRP.

(i) Using compasses, construct the two bisectors. [2]

(ii) Complete the statement in the answer space.

Answe (b m [1]

r )

(c m2 [1]

)

17

and equidistant from the lines [1]

For For

Examiner’s 22 22 Examiner’s

Use [For this question, the value of π is .] Use

7

The speed-time graph below shows the motions of car X and car Y.

For car X, the first part of the graph is an arc of a circle, centre at the point P. Car

X then decelerates uniformly to rest.

For car Y, it travels at a constant speed of 2 m/s for the first 7 seconds and then

accelerates at a uniform rate to its maximum speed before decelerating uniformly

to rest.

speed (m/s)

car Y

car X

7

2

P time (s)

0 7 14 17

The total distance that car X travelled is equal to the distance that car Y travelled

for the first 17 seconds, when car Y reaches its maximum speed.

(a) Find the maximum speed of car Y.

(b) Car Y decelerates at 2.5 m/s2. Calculate the total time taken for car Y to

travel the whole journey.

(c) What is the speed of car Y when t = 10s ?

(d) On the axes in the answer space, sketch the acceleration-time graph of car Y.

18

For 22 For

Examiner’s Examiner’s

Use Use

r )

(b s [1]

)

(c m/s [2]

)

Answer (d)

19

acceleration (m/s2)

time (s)

0

[2]

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