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AN INTRODUCTION TO THE WARFARE COMMUNITIES OF THE UNITED STATES NAVAL AND MARINE FORCES. A GUIDE TO BECOMING A COMPETENT OFFICER.
ALPHA _________________ COMPANY _______
UNITED STATES NAVAL ACADEMY
Duty…. Honor…. Loyalty….
Character Development and Training
Class of 2017,
Welcome to the academic year and the next phase of your professional development. An integral part of the training that you will receive as a plebe — and later teach as an upperclassmen — is the Character Development and Training program. This program will introduce you to a working knowledge of the Navy and Marine Corps’ missions, organization and capabilities. The purpose of this manual is to provide the information you need to gain a better understanding of “the big picture” of the Navy and Marine Cor ps mission, and organization, as well as a thorough knowledge of the values and high standards that set this institution apart from any other. Take pride in learning this information. Good luck in the challenges that you are about to face! Respectfully, The Brigade Training Staff Week 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Come Arounds 19 Aug-23 Aug 26 Aug- 30 Aug *03 Sep-06 Sep 09 Sep-13 Sep 16 Sep-20 Sep Professional Topic Military Customs and Courtesies/USNA Notable Graduates Naval Academy Uniforms Midshipmen Regulations United States Navy History Navy Service Organization and the Mission of the Navy Service Pages 3-10 11-14 15 17-21 23-25 27-29 31-34 35-41 43-46 47-51 53-60 61-71 73-75 77-84 85-90 91-100 101-106 107-113 115-121 123-127
------------------ACADEMIC RESERVE PERIOD ----------------30 Sep-04 Oct Navy Operational Mission Areas, Warfare Communities and Maritime Strategy 07 Oct-11 Oct U.S. Navy Enlisted Personnel *15 Oct-18 Oct USMC History and Traditions 21 Oct-25 Oct USMC Enduring Principles and Organization ------------------ACADEMIC RESERVE PERIOD-----------------04 Nov-08 Nov USMC Personnel, Training and Individual Weapons ---------------- 15 Nov END OF SEMESTER EXAM -------------06 Jan-10 Jan Surface Warfare 13 Jan-17 Jan Undersea Warfare *21 Jan-24 Jan Navy Air Warfare 27 Jan-31 Jan Navy Air Warfare Platforms 03 Feb-07 Feb Strike Warfare ------------------ACADEMIC RESERVE PERIOD-----------------*18 Feb-21 Feb USMC Operations and Platforms 24 Feb-28 Feb Special Warfare 03 Mar-07 Mar Explosive Ordnance Disposal -------------- SPRING BREAK -----------17 Mar-21 Mar Information Dominance 24 Mar- 28 Mar Restricted Line / Staff Corps Officers 14 Apr - 18 Apr Professional Review Boards
Notes: 1. “Come-arounds” will focus on teaching and instructing plebes with an emphas is on preparation for the knowledge quizzes. “Comearounds” will be held from 0630-0655 Monday through Friday. The period following noon meal 1250-1320 and from 1900-1930 are the alternative come-around period for athletes with morning workouts. Only 4/C on Movement Order returning after the Quiz is administered will be permitted to take an Alternate Quiz. 2. Dates keyed with a star (*) denote Monday holidays/observed holidays. For these weeks, Third Class “come-arounds” will take place Tuesday and Wednesday, Second Class on Thursday, and First Class on Friday.
PROFESSIONAL QUIZZES FORMAT, GRADING CRITERIA AND FAILURE POLICY Format and Grading Criteria
QUESTION FORMAT MULTIPLE CHOICE TRUE OR FALSE FILL IN THE BLANK LIST GRADING CRITERIA CORRECT – Full Credit Awarded. INCORRECT – No Credit awarded. CORRECT – Full Credit Awarded. INCORRECT – No Credit awarded. CORRECT – Full Credit Awarded. INCORRECT – No Credit awarded. - Award points for every correct item included in the list. - No partial credit available. - Award points for every correct item included in the list. - At graders discretion, award points based on the thoroughness of the description provided. - Partial credit only on description section available. - Award points for an answer given verbatim to the answer on the answer key. - No partial credit available. - At graders discretion, award points based on thoroughness of the answer. - Answer does not have to match answer given on the answer key. - Partial credit available.
LIST AND DESCRIBE
Per COMDTMIDNNOTE 1600.4C Pro-quizzes shall be given per COMDTMIDNINST 5400.6P Chapter 1 Battle Rhythm. Passing grade is 80 percent. Any Midshipman failing a pro-quiz shall retake it until a passing score is obtained; however, the original score shall be used in considering Military Performance grade.
FAILURE LEVEL COMPANY FAILURE RANGE 76-80 1ST FAILURE CONSEQUENCE Noted on company score tracker. 2ND FAILURE CONSEQUENCE Come-arounds conducted with company xo and cc in addition to 1/c, 2/c, 3/c within squad. Powerpoint presentation on upcoming week’s topic to classmates within company. Come-arounds conducted with entire brigade training staff in addition to 1/c, 2/c, 3/c within squad. 3RD FAILURE CONSEQUENCE Come-arounds conducted with entire company training staff in addition to 1/c, 2/c, 3/c within squad. Come-arounds conducted with entire battalion training staff in addition to 1/c, 2/c, 3/c within squad. Performance review board with brigade training staff and officer from training department.
Come-arounds conducted with entire company training staff in addition to 1/c, 2/c, 3/c within squad. Come-arounds conducted with entire battalion training staff in addition to 1/c, 2/c, 3/c within squad.
that require special behavior on your part. Always salute from the position of attention. A courtesy is a form of polite behavior and excellence of manners. Customs are regular. 3 . do not salute until the officer salutes. you need not stop. Customs and courtesies help make life orderly and are a way of showing respect. drop the phone to your side. slow to a walk when saluting. You will find that Navy life creates many situations. but as soon as the lieutenant starts to salute. Accompany your salute with a cheerful. If possible. Courteous actions show your concern and respect for others and for certain objects or symbols. and ceremonies maintains discipline and order in a military organization.WEEK 1: MILITARY CUSTOMS AND COURTESIES/ USNA NOTABLE GRADUATES I. They have been repeated again and again and passed from one generation to the next. Many traditions have been established as a result of this long history. respectful greeting. you should quickly do the same. Look directly into the officer’s eyes as you salute. The use of customs. assume they are foreign officers and salute. At USNA. stand at attention. you will have a purpose to your actions vice just having another “rule to follow. Salute officers even if they are uncovered or their hands are occupied. Customs and Courtesies The military services have a long history. not found in civilian life. Salute all officers of foreign military service. II. pause. A commander approaches. If using a cell phone. expected actions. When rendering a salute: Salute all officers in an active or reserve status regardless of service. look at the officer as though you were saluting and render a verbal greeting as previously described.” These traditions can be broken down into various customs and courtesies. such as the American flag. all foreign military staff and faculty are officers. courtesies. By familiarizing yourself with these traditions. If you are walking with or standing by a commissioned officer (always walk on the left of an officer) and the occasion for a salute arises. If you are carrying something in both hands and cannot render the hand salute. if you see an unfamiliar uniform. If you are walking. Your salute will be acknowledged by a verbal greeting. A custom is a way of acting—a way that has continued consistently over such a long period that it has become like law. Salute all officers who are close enough to be recognized as officers whether they are wearing a uniform or civilian clothes. always use your right hand. Saluting a. Use your left hand to carry objects and to leave your right hand free to salute. Assume that you are walking with a lieutenant. but hold yourself erect and square. If on a double. and render the salute. Use your left hand only if your right hand is injured. So. Do not salute the commander until the lieutenant salutes.
g. computer bags/briefcases. (2) Civilian bags (e. if you are walking with an officer and they are being saluted by a junior.” and return the salute. (e) Sea bags may be worn with all uniforms Covers – Outdoors. 4 . a bench or seawall where you stop to sit and eat is NOT a dining establishment. garment bags. Never overtake and pass an officer without permission.Don’t do it. You salute all officers riding in vehicles. Backpacks must be solid black in color. There shall be no personal ornamentation attached on or to the bag/brief case. join the officer in returning the salute. Personnel may remove their cap or hat when traveling inside a private automobile or riding a bicycle off base. large wallets.. The matching NWU pattern backpack is the only authorized backpack for wear with the NWU. The case or bag will not be worn with the strap and bag on opposite sides of the body (diagonally). key chain fobs. Hands in pockets . Midshipmen are authorized to carry one water bottle or sports drink in the side pocket of the backpack and a white towel attached to the outside of the bag for physical education class. while those in the vehicle both render and return salutes. Food – Never walk and eat at the same time. (b) Computer bag and brief case. If standing in a group and a senior officer approaches. the first to see the senior should call out “Attention. sir/ma’am?” The officer should reply. Hold your salute until returned or until 6 paces past the officer. etc. pins. Keep your cover on. gym bags. and ask. jewelry. In a group. Service Dress Blues). as required. Lanyards are not authorized for wear.3B) Numerous rules and regulations apply to members of the armed forces while wearing a uniform. This also applies to Blue & Gold jogging suits. the strap may be worn across the left shoulder (fore and aft) with the bag hanging on the same side of the body. A good rule of thumb is 6 paces.. including such items as pencils. (1) Identification Cards will be attached to left breast pocket at all times when inside Bancroft Hall. it is appropriate to remove your cover. b. unless wearing the cap is impractical or hazardous. The vehicle’s driver only salutes if the vehicle is stopped. Additionally. (d) While in dress uniform (e. team warm-ups. Midshipmen shall remove identification cards when outside of Bancroft Hall for security reasons. “Very well. you normally salute only when addressing or being addressed by officers. When wearing a bag. Midshipmen are authorized to wear backpacks with Reefers when worn over Winter Working Blue. c. Gum – Don’t chew it in uniform. When approaching a senior officer. Conduct in Uniform (COMDMIDNINST 1020. combs. cuff links. No articles shall protrude from or be visible on the uniform. “By your leave.. personnel remain covered at all times unless ordered to uncover. The only exception is team issued sports bags. No communication devices are authorized for wear on the uniform.g. In vehicles. At crowded gatherings. A cover is mandatory when entering or within a military reservation. if eating at an outdoor dining establishment. salute when abreast of the officer. shirt studs and earrings shall be worn as prescribed elsewhere in these regulations. Jewelry. Summer Working and Winter Working Blue Uniforms. cigarettes.Likewise. to do so while the vehicle is in motion endangers the safety of the occupants and may be omitted. (c) All bags/brief cases worn with the uniform must conceal its content and be either solid black or navy blue in color. d. may be worn across the left shoulder of service and working uniforms to facilitate saluting. e. and PE gear. this does not include women’s handbags/purses) may be worn with working and service uniforms as prescribed in the manner below: (a) Backpacks may be worn over both shoulders or hand carried in the left hand to facilitate saluting while wearing Service Khaki. No personal ornamentation shall be attached on or to the backpack. However. At crowded gatherings or in congested areas. cigars. or similar items (ID Cards. start your salute far enough away from the officer to allow time for your salute to be returned. tie clasps.” and all face the officer and salute. watch chains. Overtaking. III. or during religious services not associated with a military ceremony. If it becomes necessary to pass. pens. civilian bags will be hand carried only. you should do so to the left. pipes.
sir/ma’am. “I request permission to come aboard. The hand salute is rendered at the first note of the National Anthem and terminated on the last note. they shall face the source of the music. face the flag. they shall come to the salute at the first note of the anthem. Conduct of colors is as follows: 5 minutes before morning and evening colors. “Attention” and “Carry on” shall be the signals for rendering and terminating the salute. The hand salute is rendered as prescribed for the National Anthem. and remain seated at attention. sir/ma’am. performs the ceremony of colors twice a day. You salute the OOD first and say. You will render honors as follows: If you are in ranks. face the colors at attention and salute by placing your right hand over your heart. Colors At commands ashore and aboard ships of the navy not under way. all naval service personnel not in formation shall stand at attention and face the national ensign. If you are in a vehicle. If you are returning to your own ship. Hoisting and lowering the ensign are completed at the last note of the music. When covered. and “Retreat” is played at evening colors. “I request permission to leave the ship. If you are in uniform but not in ranks. If a band is not available for colors as is often the case at USNA. If you are in civilian clothes.” The OOD returns both salutes and says. Persons in formation are brought to order arms or called to attention as appropriate. followed by the band playing the National Anthem. “I request permission to come aboard. the “Preparative” signal is sounded. When you salute the OOD in boarding a ship other than your own.” The OOD will then say. lowering of the ensign also starts at the beginning of the music. sir/ma’am. “Attention” is sounded. render the hand-over-the-heart salute. and salute the ensign. The formation commander shall face the direction of the ensign or music as appropriate and render the salute. In the absence of music.” 5 . state your reason for wanting to leave the ship: “I request permission to go on the pier to check the mooring lines.” After receiving permission. If you are in civilian clothes. “Come aboard” or a similar expression. Boarding and Leaving a Naval Vessel You must follow certain procedures when boarding or leaving a naval vessel: When you are in uniform and boarding any ship and the national ensign is flying. face aft. “Permission granted” or “Permission not granted. hoisting the ensign begins when the music starts. V. “Carry on” shall be sounded as soon as the ensign is completely lowered. you halt at the gangway. “Carry on” is sounded at the completion of the music. stop and sit at attention but do not salute. sir/ma’am. Parades or Ceremonial Displays: The rules for saluting the flag passing in a parade are simple: come to attention. The national flag is always hoisted smartly and lowered ceremoniously. you say. “To the Colors” is played on the bugle at morning colors. Every navy shore command and every ship not under way. At morning colors. and salute as appropriate. If you are not in the liberty uniform. you say.” When you leave a ship. The National Anthem: Whenever the National Anthem is played. It is hoisted smartly to the top of the flagstaff. you then face and salute the ensign (if it is flying) and depart.IV. In the event that the national ensign is not displayed. If a band is available for colors ceremonies.” You should then add the purpose of your visit: “to visit a friend” or “to go to small stores. the ceremonial hoisting and lowering of the national flag at 0800 and sunset are known as morning and evening colors. you will be called to attention and the individual in charge of the detail will render the hand salute. At evening colors. the order of saluting is reversed. stop the vehicle. You then turn to the OOD and salute. face the colors and give the hand salute. If you are driving a vehicle. and shall remain at the salute until the last note of the anthem.
to reach another ship or to return to your own ship. As Chief of Naval Operations at the dawn of the Cold War. you must salute an enlisted person who is the OOD because you are saluting the position and authority represented —not the individual. Nimitz Class of 1905 Chief of Naval Operations. Nimitz directed the forward deployment of naval forces to the Mediterranean and the Far East. the Navy named Nimitz Commander in Chief. Texas.” The OOD salutes and says. Although you do not salute enlisted personnel. and promoted adoption of jet aircraft and other advanced technologies. After receiving permission. Following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941. salute the colors (if flying). When you have to cross one or more ships to reach the pier. If you are returning to your own ship.S. Graduates of the United States Naval Academy have emerged as leaders in both military and civilian careers. Naval Academy in 1905.S. you may have to cross several ships to go ashore or return to your own ship. Fleet Admiral Chester W.When boarding a ship in civilian attire and the national ensign is flying. In recognition of his accomplishments. and other ships to tie up in nests alongside a repair ship. then turn toward and salute the OOD. On many ships. When you are leaving a ship in civilian attire. In recognition of his superior leadership of naval forces during the victorious three-year Pacific campaign. sir/ma’am. and request permission to cross. you should use the following procedure: Upon boarding a ship that you must cross. Nimitz graduated from the U. flagship of the U. “I request permission to leave the ship. sir/ma’am. Take heed of the example set by these distinguished graduates and strive for the same excellence with which they served. you then stand at attention facing the ensign (if it is flying) and depart. the first ship in a new class of nuclearpowered aircraft carriers. Pacific Fleet and soon afterward Commander in Chief. Sometimes it is necessary for destroyers. submarines. you normally salute only when first leaving the ship. He spent almost two decades in submarines. Nimitz then commanded heavy cruiser USS Augusta. In this case. or pier. 6 . tender. USNA Notable Graduates The Naval Academy is a historical institution dedicated to producing officers of the highest caliber for the nation. “Very well” or a similar expression. You then turn to the OOD at attention. II. the procedure is reversed. If you are part of a working party that will be using the quarterdeck when loading supplies. in his honor. You stand at attention in front of the OOD first and say. Pacific. you will halt at the gangway. particularly those of destroyer size and smaller. it is not necessary to salute the colors or OOD again.” After receiving permission. “I request permission to come aboard. When you depart that ship. Repeat this crossing procedure until you reach your destination. and tours as executive officer of an oiler and a battleship. U. In 1939 he was assigned as Chief of the Bureau of Navigation. worked to adapt the naval services to the joint requirements of the National Security Act of 1947. Fleet. 1945-1947 Profile Born in Fredericksburg. The following are only a handful of distinguished graduates who embody the mission of the United States Naval Academy in its entirety. study at the Naval War College. you say.S. and face aft. service punctuated by instruction in diesel engines. there may be a first-class or chief petty officer instead of an officer on the quarterdeck. proceed to cross without delay. Pacific Ocean Areas. in December 1944 Congress promoted him to fleet admiral. at attention. the Navy named USS Nimitz (CVN-68).
on December 12. the Cabot Award. the Navy Distinguished Service Medal. Carter transferred to Georgia Institute of Technology to study mathematics for a year in order to qualify for the U. He attended primary and secondary schools in East Derry and Derry. On December 10. 2002. 1981. Carter "for his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts. Connecticut from 14 June to 17 December 1948. he published his 25th book. 1998. received a Bachelor of Science degree from the United States Naval Academy in 1944. Shepard. James Earl "Jimmy" Carter Class of 1947 39th President of the United States.Peace. Carter was honorably discharged on 9 October 1953 at Headquarters. Jr. Naval Academy. Shepard was appointed by the President in July 1971 as a delegate to the 26th United Nations General Assembly and served through the entire assembly which lasted from September to December 1971. 1977 to January 20. On May 5. he was launched by a Redstone vehicle on a ballistic trajectory suborbital flight--a flight which carried him to an altitude of 116 statute miles and to a landing point 302 statute miles down the Atlantic Missile Range. he attended the U. He was awarded the congressional Medal of Honor (Space). Shepard was born November 18. he announced his candidacy for president of the United States. Rhode Island in 1957. 7 . Ohio) in 1971. he transferred to the retired reserve with the rank of Lieutenant at his own request. and Honorary Doctorate of Science from Miami University (Oxford. Class of 1945 NASA Astronaut Profile Alan B.Alan B. He won his party's nomination on the first ballot at the 1976 Democratic National Convention. 1964. two NASA Distinguished Service Medals. the Collier Trophy. Rear Admiral Shepard was one of the Mercury astronauts named by NASA in April 1959. the NASA Exceptional Service Medal. In 1962 he won election to the Georgia Senate. Newport. Graduating from Plains High School in 1941. the Navy Astronaut Wings. White House Diary. and an Honorary Doctorate of Humanities from Franklin Pierce College in 1972. 1971-1975 Nobel Prize Awardee . 1971 and. was born in Plains. 2002 Profile James Earl (Jimmy) Carter. 1976. Graduated Naval Test Pilot School in 1951. After completing the accelerated wartime program. and he holds the distinction of being the first American to journey into space. became Georgia's 76th governor on January 12. Training and Education Officer. the Norwegian Nobel Committee awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for 2002 to Mr. in East Derry. New Hampshire. Jr. 1974. to advance democracy and human rights. Carter received an appointment to the academy and became a member of the Class of 1947. CIC officer. who in 1976 became the fifth consecutive President with prior Navy service. in the Freedom 7 spacecraft." In 2010. he attended Georgia Southwestern College in Americus. Georgia.S. 1923. New London. New Hampshire and died on July 21. the Kinchloe Trophy. Submarine Base. After a year there. Georgia on 1 October 1924. In 1982. the City of New York Gold Medal (1971). he became University Distinguished Professor at Emory University in Atlanta. In 1943. After serving in positions such as radar officer. and the achievement Award for 1971. and was elected president on November 2. an Honorary Master of Arts degree from Dartmouth College in 1962. 1977-1981 State Governor .S. Third Naval District in New York City.. He was a recipient of the Langley Medal (highest award of the Smithsonian Institution) on May 5. he graduated on 5 June 1946 with distinction and obtained his commission as ensign.Georgia. 1961. Georgia. and the Navy Distinguished Flying Cross. On 7 December 1961. Jimmy Carter served as president from January 20. and to promote economic and social development. the Lambert Trophy. Naval War College. Navy Submarine School.
They won a fifth of the popular vote and finished third in the election. Admiral Stockdale was a member of the Navy's Carrier Hall of Fame and The National Aviation Hall of Fame. and four Silver Star medals in addition to the Medal of Honor. Stockdale Class of 1947 Profile Admiral Stockdale was born on December 23. In 1979 he funded an operation during the Iran hostage crisis that resulted in the rescue of two of EDS employees. Stockdale slashed his scalp with a razor and beat himself in the face with a wooden stool knowing that his captors would not display a prisoner who was disfigured. including two Distinguished Flying Crosses. which he sold to General Motors in 1984. This act so convinced the Vietnamese of his determination to die rather than to cooperate that the Communists ceased the torture of American prisoners and gradually improved their treatment of POWs. he attended flight training in Pensacola. three Distinguished Service Medals. breaking a bone in his back and badly dislocating his knee.James B. he slashed his wrists to demonstrate to his captors that he preferred death to submission. Concerned over the budget crisis. He was one of the most highly decorated officers in the history of the Navy. After serving as the President of the Naval War College. in leg irons for two years. Ross Perot Class of 1953 Profile H. After graduating from the Naval Academy in 1946. Stockdale retired from the Navy in 1978. H. the infamous "Hanoi Hilton". and he was an Honorary Fellow in the Society of Experimental Test Pilots. Ross Perot was born in 1930 in Texarkana. He was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor by President Gerald Ford in 1976. 8 . two Purple Hearts. physically tortured more than 15 times. denied medical care and malnourished. He was released from prison in 1973. Ross Perot to stand in as the vice presidential candidate of the Reform Party. Illinois. and in 1962 he earned a Master's Degree in International Relations from Stanford University. Stockdale ejected. where he spent the next seven years. wearing twenty six personal combat decorations. James B. 1965 while returning from a mission. He then founded Electronic Data Systems (EDS) in 1962. his A-4 Skyhawk was hit by anti-aircraft fire. Upon his retirement in 1979. the Secretary of the Navy established the Vice Admiral Stockdale Award for the Inspirational Leadership presented annually in both the Pacific and Atlantic fleet. In 1957 he went to work for IBM as a salesman. In 1992 he agreed to the request from H. Despite being kept in solitary confinement for four years. he ran for president as an independent with Vice Adm. after discovering that some prisoners had died during torture. Stockdale organized a system of communication and developed a cohesive set of rules governing prisoner behavior. He was the only three star Admiral in the history of the Navy to wear both aviator wings and the Medal of Honor. 1923 in Abingon. The the spring of 1969 he was told that he was to be taken "downtown" and paraded in front of foreign journalists. Stockdale's flying career took him west. Following his defeat he formed the Reform Party and ran as their presidential candidate in 1996. Stockdale wound up in Hoa Lo Prison. FL and in 1954 was accepted to the Navy Test Pilot School where he served as an instructor for a brief time. Stockdale in 1992. where he also came in third. Texas. Later. He published a number of books and articles and was awarded eleven honorary doctoral degrees. On September 9.
Commercial Property News Corporate Services Executive of the year both in 1999 & 2000. and ran (unsuccessfully) for President of the United State as the Republican nominee in 2008. In 1973 he graduated from the National War College. and Distinguished Flying Cross. and was the NCAA 2000 "Teddy" Roosevelt Award Winner. Staubach played 11 years of professional football with the Dallas Cowboys and led the Cowboys to two Super Bowl victories. 1936. 1986 . III was born in Panama Canal Zone. August 29.John McCain Class of 1958 Member of 75th Congress. He attended school in Alexandria. From 1967 to 1973 he was a prisoner of war in Vietnam. including the Silver Star.. to January 3. Outside of sports. reelected to the Ninetyninth Congress in 1984 and served from January 3. in 1977 Staubach founded the Staubach Company. Purple Heart. 1998. Legion of Merit. He played an active part in the American Cancer Society Annual Children's Luncheon. and graduated from the United States Naval Academy in 1958. He was elected as a Republican in 1982 to the Ninety-eighth Congress (Arizona). and Transportation. 1983. 2004. Roger Staubach was named recipient of college football's top honor.C. Americas. He was CEO of Staubach Company for a number of years and following the merger became Executive Chairman. and on the Committee on Commerce. He received numerous awards. He was elected into the Hall of Fame in 1985. a commercial real estate firm that later merged with Jones Lang LaSalle Incorporated in 2008.Arizona(R) Profile John Sidney McCain. He was elected to the United States Senate in 1986. 2017. He pursued the Republican presidential nomination for 2000. 9 . 1987. Roger Staubach was on the Board of Directors of the United Way of America and the Board of Advisors of the Children's Scholarship Fund. and other civic. and again in 2010 for the term ending January 3. He was a pilot in the United States Navy from 1958 until 1981. Va. reelected in 1992. He was chair of the Committee on Indian Affairs. charitable and professional organizations. Roger Staubach Class of 1965 Professional Football Player Profile As a midshipman. Science. with one year of overseas duty in Vietnam. Washington. Staubach graduated from the Naval Academy in 1965 and went on to serve four years of active duty service in the Navy. The Heisman Trophy. Honors bestowed on Roger include Office & Industrial Properties 1998 Executive of the Year. his first year of eligibility. D.
Lawrence retired from NASA in June 2006.6 points per game to a dominating 7' 1" College Player of the Year senior. Lawrence reported to the U. Virginia. Lawrence has logged over 1225 hours in space. In 2009 he was inducted into the hall of fame along with Michael Jordan and John Stockton.500 hours flight time in six different types of helicopters and has made more than 800 shipboard landings. Selected by NASA in March 1992.000 scholarship if they did so.S. basketball teams in the Olympic Games. In 1998 when 50 of those students graduated. Lawrence Class of 1981 Astronaut Profile Wendy Lawrence was born July 2. In October 1990. He was the first male basketball player to play on three U. the NBA renamed their Community Assist Award to be the David Robinson Plaque in 2003. she was one of the first two female helicopter pilots to make a long deployment to the Indian Ocean as part of a carrier battle group. in 1977 and received a bachelor of science degree in ocean engineering from U. which he continued to donate to in the following years. Selected by the San Antonio Spurs as the number one NBA draft pick in 1987.edu/admissions/Notables/ 10 . in Jacksonville. Sources: http://www. he presented each of them with an $8. David Robinson went from being a 6' 4" freshman who averaged just 7. In 1997 he donated $5 million dollars to found the Carver Academy. She was awarded the Defense Superior Service Medal. He challenged the 94 students of the class to finish high school.S. the man known as 'The Admiral' put off his rookie season until the 1989-90 season due to his commitments to the Navy. Lawrence has more than 1. the Defense Meritorious Service Medal. She graduated from Fort Hunt High School. 1959. the NASA Space Flight Medal. A veteran of four space flights. Naval Academy in 1981. the Navy Commendation Medal and the Navy Achievement Medal. While stationed at Helicopter Combat Support Squadron SIX (HC-6). promising each of them a $2.S.Wendy B.000 scholarship. Florida. She also received a master of science degree in ocean engineering from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) in 1988. Naval Academy where she served as a physics instructor and the novice women’s crew coach. She completed one year of training and is qualified for flight assignment as a mission specialist. Lawrence reported to the Johnson Space Center in August 1992.usna. In 1991 he visited the 5th grade class at Gates Elementary School in Texas. David Robinson Class of 1987 Professional Basketball Player Profile Recruited by Annapolis to play for the Academy's basketball team. She was a recipient of the National Navy League’s Captain Winifred Collins Award for inspirational leadership (1986). Due to his commitment to the community. Alexandria. This decision clearly had no adverse effect upon him as he would go on to be named 'Rookie of the Year’.
White Tie Events Civilian Ladies Formal Cocktail or Evening Gown Official.3B Midshipmen Uniform Regulations. Blue Dress “A” Dinner Dress Blue Jacket Formal or Semi-Formal Tuxedo. and CH-2 available through the USNA Intranet > Commandant of Midshipmen > COMDT Instructions http://www.htm Event Worn USMC Evening Dress “A/B” United States Navy Formal Dress Civilian Men Formal Tuxedo.WEEK 2: NAVAL ACADEMY UNIFORMS Read Commandant of Midshipmen Instruction 1020. CH-1. formal. private and formal dinners or at occasions that are less formal require more formality than Service Uniforms.edu/Commandant/comdtinst. Black Tie Formal or Semi-Formal Evening Dress Blue-White “A” Dinner Dress White Jacket Blue-Dress “B” – Same as Blue-Dress “A” with ribbons rather than medals.usna. and evening functions. 11 . state occasions.
Blue Dress or Blue White “A”/”B” – See above Parades. reviews when special honors are being paid. Worn on Formal Occasions Ceremonial. Worn on Formal Occasions (Service “A” may be worn if command directed) Full Dress White Service “A” Official functions Service Dress Blue Coat and Tie Business Suit (Service Dress White – may be worn if command directed. ceremonies. Substitute ribbons for medals on Full Dress White. No sword) 12 . official visits of US or foreign dignitaries Full Dress Blue Ceremonial.
or in a NWU 13 . pantsuit Business and informal social occasions. uniform of the day. slacks with jacket. pantsuit.Official functions Dress Blue “D”— Short Sleeve Dress Blue “C”— Long Sleeve Summer White Business suit or sport coat without a tie. slacks with jacket. trousers with open collar shirt Simple skirt or dress. office work Service “B” Service Dress Khaki Business suit or Sport Coat without a tie. daily work attire. Low or flat shoes acceptable Service “C” Winter Working Blues Working Uniform MCCUU Working uniforms. Trousers with open collar shirt Simple skirt or dress.
field environment where soiling of clothing is expected Coveralls Conetsco. 378-385 14 . Anna Hart. Annapolis.. 5th ed. Swartz. Md: Naval Institute Press. 2009. Service Etiquette. Cherlynn. and Oretha D. Print.
usna.6P Midshipman Regulations Manual and CH-1 available through the USNA Intranet > Commandant of Midshipmen > COMDT Instructions http://www.htm 15 .edu/Commandant/comdtinst.WEEK 3: MIDSHIPMEN REGULATIONS Read Commandant of Midshipmen Instruction 5400.
John Paul Jones is perhaps the best remembered of the revolutionary naval commanders. which dispatched vessels to protect American trade. August 1812 17 . Individual ships seized British merchant vessels.S. -Constitution. and frequent changes in commanders. an American army was ready and defeated it at the Battle of Saratoga. During 1812. American William Eaton located a rival claimant to the throne. October 1776. 1775-1783. Although on the Atlantic British forces were vastly stronger than the Continental Navy. it recognized the need for a force at sea to support national policy. Eaton marched a force of over 700 men from Egypt. These actions raised the costs and aggravation of the war for British merchants who in turn pressured their government to make peace. Fighting the war was handicapped by problems of distance from the U.S. Although the Continental forces lost the battle. the British moved down the lake as part of a major operation. A Navy Act of 1798 provided for Navy Department. and Decatur and his men escaped. the ship floated off the shoal.S. lack of American bases overseas. received permission to tie up to the Philadelphia. 1 non-commissioned officer. the nation has used the navy in many ways to achieve varying goals and adapted it to meet changing expectations. Land travel in frontier areas was difficult and control of Lake Champlain in New York was vital for an armed force. which was protecting a merchant convoy.S. Tripoli quickly agreed to peace terms. In the Battle of Flamborough Head. The Continental Navy instead engaged in commerce warfare (guerre de course). American frigates cruising for enemy commerce also engaged warships. Three victories over British frigates shocked the English and provided the U. the British navy was too strong to challenge for control of the sea. the U. he met a British warship and fought the battle that made him famous. commerce raiding remained the only viable strategy against Great Britain. In 1776.WEEK 4: UNITED STATES NAVY HISTORY When the Continental Congress created a navy on October 13.S. I: Early Navy: Founding to 1815 During the American Revolution. army Colonel Benedict Arnold commanded Americans-built ships which challenged the British advance. the British were delayed and returned to Canada for the winter. 1 Marine officer and a few enlisted Marines. the U. Conducting raids around the British Isles. War of 1812: 1812-1815 Maritime issues including impressment and British policies towards neutral shipping during the Napoleonic wars helped provoke the U. When a British force returned the following year. With 1 midshipman. Subsequently. with a volunteer crew. By 1785 the navy had sold its last ship. Capture of Derna August 1805: To apply pressure to the ruler of Tripoli. commanded by Captain Isaac Hull versus Guerrire. Jones commanded the Bonhomme Richard in a victory over the HMS Serapis.. Lieutenant Stephen Decatur. Navy could directly confront weak powers like the Barbary States. a needed boost in morale in a war not going well on land. sailed a captured ship into the harbor at night. From the mid 1780s. In the wars of the French Revolution during the 1790s. This bold venture achieved total surprise. Tensions with Algiers resulted in the Navy Act of 1794. The Barbary States along North Africa extracted tribute from passing vessels and preyed upon American merchantmen.S.S. and set fire to the ship. which authorized the construction of 6 warships under the auspices of the War Department. After a declaration of war by Tripoli. President Thomas Jefferson dispatched a “squadron of observation” to the Mediterranean. could do. 1779. Without a navy there was little the U. 1775. In the Battle of Valcour Island. -Decatur and the burning of the frigate Philadelphia: Chasing a Barbary ship. and Barbary forces brought it into harbor. initially found a navy beyond its means. Tribute was cheaper and was the path initially followed. to declare war in 1812. frigate Philadelphia ran aground and surrendered. Since that time. This new navy again went into action during the Barbary Wars (1801-1805). The navy then cooperated with this army to take the port of Derna. While the U. French privateers (private vessels licensed by a government to prey upon the shipping of an enemy) harassed American merchants. In February 1804. the United States weighed the alternatives of paying tribute or sending force. overpowered the guards. on fresh water both sides had to create fleets. After gaining independence in 1783. Soon situations arose demanding a naval response.
Porter attacked British whaling ships until British warships tracked down and defeated the Essex in 1814. 1847. Built in England. commanded by Captain David Porter. and engaging in scientific exploration. Essex cruised the Pacific. the South from the beginning turned to ironclad vessels. By late 1863. Operating without any American bases. in the Great United States Expedition. In March 1862 the South had the Virginia ready.S. On its two-year voyage. October 1812 -Constitution. commanded by Captain James Lawrence. 1814: Both Britain and the U. 1813: a fleet under Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry defeated the British fleet -Battle of Lake Champlain. It contributed to the northern victory through establishing a blockade. It sailed widely in the Pacific and produced a multi-volume account of its findings. Although many naval vessels engaged in charting oceans and coastlines.S. The Mississippi River system was an important transportation network. commanded by Captain Stephen Decatur. tracking down Confederate commerce raiders. Lieutenant Charles Wilkes led a multi-ship expedition that was unusually ambitious. Perry combined diplomacy with a show of force to secure a treaty permitting some American access. The most dramatic diplomatic undertakings were the voyages of Commodore Mathew C. between Charleston and Savannah. That night the Union’s ironclad Monitor arrived. As in the Revolution. The force blockaded the coast. 1846-48. the U. Placing iron plating on the wooden or iron hull of a ship made it invulnerable to the ordnance of the time. Contests over these communication routes brought two important American victories: -Battle of Lake Erie. Navy played an important role in keeping the nation from being torn asunder. Du Pont overpowered Confederate fortifications and secured the base for the Union. under the command of Lieutenant John Worden. Even limiting the blockade to cities with rail lines to the interior was a major undertaking. versus Java December 1812 British naval might soon confined American frigates to port. In Hampton Roads it encountered ships supporting a Union army. American Commodore Thomas Macdonough secured a complete victory. Unable to compete with the Union navy in conventional ships. The battle between the two ships was a draw. In the War with Mexico. British power was also shown in 1813 when the frigate Shannon captured the USS Chesapeake. Japan had closed itself off from the outside world for over 200 years.500 miles presented a daunting task for the union navy. the ship never entered a Confederate port.-United States. in the words of Abraham Lincoln. In 1812. the Confederacy employed commerce raiders against northern merchantmen. and the navy at first concentrated on getting ships and bases for the blockading squadrons. Civil War 1861-1865 During the Civil War. As the first confrontation of armored ships. conducting diplomatic negotiations. In 1861 a force under the command of Flag Officer Samuel F. and on its first day in action easily handled the wooden ships it engaged.S. and Union army and navy forces cooperated to reduce confederate strongholds. One such base was Port Royal. constructed fleets on this lake to gain control of the invasion route. Perry to Japan in 1853 and 1854. embarked on an epic commerce-raiding voyage. commanded by Captain William Bainbridge. the American navy was the stronger force and engaged in the actions of a dominant navy. the river flowed “unvexed to the sea. lakes provided transportation for armies operating in the interior. Yet the presence of the Monitor now meant that the Union’s wooden fleet was safe. Naval gunners also served a battery of cannons during the siege of the city of Vera Cruz . and helping gain control of the Mississippi River. the Battle of Hampton Roads attracted worldwide attention. planned by army Major General Winfield Scott. 1838-1842. The entire Southern coastline of 3.” As the weaker naval power. versus Macedonian. the frigate Essex. The most famous such raider was the Alabama. It also supported an amphibious landing at Vera Cruz. the Alabama cruised as far as the Indian Ocean seeking U. 18 . merchant ships until the Kearsarge finally tracked down the raider and sank it in 1864. II: Old Navy: 1815-65 After the war. neither ship substantially damaged the other. many of the navy’s duties involved supporting American merchant commerce through suc h activities as suppression of piracy. Rounding Cape Horn.
a Spanish fleet took refuge in the harbor of Santiago. the American vessels caught the Spanish ships and drove them ashore. Although initially the navy envisaged carriers as supporting battleships. the U. Both of these battles confirmed the value of fleet actions for naval warfare. In the early twentieth century the navy steadily restricted enlistment. Mahan provided a coherent. the navy continued to rank with Great Britain as the strongest naval power. May 1898 . African Americans were confined to the messmen’s branch. S. During war games in 1929. In an age of wireless communication. The Washington Naval Conference. 19 . Although the causes of the war centered around Spanish rule in Cuba. In time of peace. 1917-1945 When war erupted in Europe in 1914. produced treaties which sought to avoid a worldwide naval building race by limiting the size of major navies. Boston and Chicago and the dispatch boat Dolphin. he dispatched a carrier on a successful mock attack on the Panama Canal. the U. added to the fleet. One such man was Rear Admiral Joseph M. historically-based justification for the armored fleets that the world’s navies were already in the process of acquiring. In July. In time of a war with a major naval power. the navy returned to pre-war size and duties. By World War I. ships sailed independently supporting American interests. Commodore George Dewey brought the Asiatic Squadron into Manila Bay and easily defeated the Spanish force. decided to keep the Philippines as a colony. remained neutral. In Cuba. Since men ate and slept in the company of men performing similar duties. As befitted a navy committed to a commerce raiding strategy. the Langley. The agreements confirmed the equality of England and the United States. By 1880 the navy that had been the nation’s pride in the Civil War was old. In the twentieth century. In the nineteenth century the navy enlisted African Americans in all ratings. At the end of the new century the navy abandoned its traditional strategy and shifted to one based on using fleets to destroy enemy fleets and establishing sea control. World navies had prepared for massive fleet engagements. the naval war was much different than pre-war experts had expected. In 1917 Secretary of the Navy Josephus Daniels authorized the enlistment of women in the reserve. After some initial confusion. 1921-22. In the interwar period the navy explored ways to take aviation to sea. On this makeshift vessel the navy developed the skills to take planes to sea. it was generally too dangerous for submarines to follow older practices of visit and search.” The Naval Appropriation act of 1919 required that all women be discharged. ships were integrated. publishing The Influence of Sea Power upon History. and American Rear Admiral William T. in 1922 by building a flight deck on an unneeded collier. By the time the nation entered in 1917. the navy acquired defensive responsibilities some 7. In 1883 Congress authorized four steel vessels: the cruisers Atlanta.III: Emergence of the Modern Navy: 1865-1916 After the Civil War.000 miles from the American coast. the navy would engage in commerce raiding as its main contribution. Captain Alfred Thayer Mahan became America’s principal advocate for the strategy.S. IV: Navy in the World Wars. The main contribution of the navy would be convoying merchant ships. Reeves. the submarines sank vessels in a war zone without warning. When the U. obsolete and falling apart. In 1886 Congress authorized the Maine and Texas which were the first attempt to acquire modern armored ships. Instead. In 1916 an ambitious naval building act provided for a navy that would give the United States a force equal to that of Great Britain. Other ships followed. the opening naval battle was the Battle of Manila Bay in the Philippines. the ABCD ships (as the four are known) still carried sail. some officers began suggesting that carriers operate independently. The navy obtained its first carrier. but British supremacy meant that by 1917 the German surface fleet remained in harbor and her submarines preyed on merchant ships. Sampson brought a fleet to blockade the port.S. In 1921 the navy established a Bureau of Aeronautics to both oversee aviation in the navy and hold off rival claimants such as a proposed separate air force. concentrating on battleships which were the accepted standard of naval power. 1660-1783. The nation used the new ships and new strategy in the Spanish-American war. They served primarily as clerks and were popularly known as “Yeomanettes. Although reduced in size after the war. the Spanish attempted to escape.
embraced an active role in world affairs. and Germany swept into Poland in 1939. it was still strong. Congress quickly declared war on Japan. Russia faced the bulk of German armies. in the atoll. the Americans devastated Japanese aircraft. -Tarawa Atoll 1943: Betio Island. Japan sought to neutralize the American fleet to prevent support for the Philippines. Outdated charts suggested landing craft could get closer than they in fact could. In World War II the Germans used multi-boat wolf packs to locate convoys and then overwhelm escorts through numerous attacks. dispatched carriers before the Japanese attack even began. When Germany declared war on the U. 1941. Yet events in the war as well as American industrial productivity permitted sending resources to the Pacific sooner than anticipated. Attempts to retain segregated assignment proved overly cumbersome and in 1945 the navy experimented with integration. Caught unawares.S. In World War I submarines had sailed independently. The United States and Great Britain first attacked the periphery with three amphibious operations: -Landing in North Africa: 1942 -Landing in Sicily. In addition. Europe offered allies. and Japanese defenses and determination to fight to the last man made conquest difficult. Japanese ships achieved complete surprise at Pearl Harbor. Although the navy had pioneered the use of women in World War I. The allies countered with more sophisticated anti-submarine doctrine. A major responsibility for the navy in the Atlantic was convoying merchant ships. who directed the Pacific campaign. In August 1945 American forces dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima and another on Nagasaki. The war began with African-Americans confined to the Messmen’s Branch. Unlike the prewar period. Soviet entry into the Pacific war. in World War II the army first authorized the services of women. The raid devastated battleship row and eliminated ships the navy had expected to use for a Pacific war. 20 . On D-Day. and an aggressive allied conventional offensive. 1943 -Landing in Italy 1943 By 1943. the U. remained neutral until 1941. Faced with this new weapon. no rival navy could challenge American overall power. a successful cross-channel attack was feasible. The American forces had broken the Japanese code and Admiral Chester Nimitz. Japan surrendered. In 1942 the Navy opened general service enlisted ratings to blacks but kept training and assignments segregated. -Battle of the Philippine Sea. and on the west Great Britain had held out against German attacks.S. the Japanese force suffered serious losses. They also were able to decode German messages and thus route convoys to areas of lesser risk. V: Post World War II After World War II. In the east.World War II Japan invaded China in 1937. Desiring to expand into islands to her south. allied forces went ashore in Normandy. pre-landing naval gunnery proved less effective than anticipated.S. Three battles can serve to give some idea of the course of the Pacific War: -Midway. The U. The defeat of Japan first required advancing far enough across the Pacific to threaten the home islands. From the beginning American and British planners debated whether it would be best to make an immediate cross-channel assault and attack Germany through France or whether it would be wiser to attack on the periphery of German power and thus weaken her strength while building allied forces. In a war against the racism inherent in Hitler’s Nazi ideology. but it would increasingly be on the defensive. June 6. The Japanese navy ended the battle with its carriers in tact but without planes. and the destruction at Pearl Harbor added emphasis to this decision. proved to be a lesson in the difficulties of Pacific warfare. had intended to follow a Europe-first strategy. and the navy was an important tool in implementing national policy. America now faced a two-ocean war. December 7. 1944 (also known as the Marianas Turkey Shoot): When Japanese forces challenged carriers supporting the invasion of Saipan in the Marianas.S. the policy came under increasing attack. 1944. In 1942 the navy followed with the WAVES (Women Accepted for Voluntary Emergency Service). Under pre-war plans. the U. 1942: Japan attacked Midway with the dual purpose of strengthening the defensive perimeter protecting her conquests and luring remaining elements of the Pacific navy into a trap. allied resources steadily increased. In 1944 the navy commissioned its first black officers. Starting with limited forces.
In the 1950s.S. An armistice in 1953 ended the fighting but there is still no peace treaty with North Korea. and the U. In Operation EARNEST WILL. In October 1962.R. exploded its own bomb in 1949.S. national policy was one of containment—a concern to stop the spread of communism rather than challenge its existence in countries already under communist control. which incorporated the previously independent departments of War and Navy. forces unprepared and troops retreated southward. began in1950 when North Korea moved across the 38th parallel into South Korea. Once the U. Naval vessels deployed to prevent the shipping of missile-related equipment to the island. After the landing at Inchon. Navy carriers and shipboard Marines were an important part of this response. In Operation DESERT STORM. As the navy meets the challenges of the future. and operated a riverine forces (Operation GAME WARDEN). the Navy kept its own air arm (rather than have it go to the Air Force) and also kept the Marines (rather than have them placed with the Army). allowed operations with jets capable of carrying nuclear bombs. applied diplomatic pressure supported with a naval “Quarantine”(a word chosen since “blockade” required a state of war). The act also created the National Security Council and Central Intelligence Agency. In September 1950. The National Security Act of 1947 created what would become the Defense Department.S. the navy developed the Polaris missile. naval units remain active in the Persian Gulf. America and allies swept Iraqi forces from Kuwait. In 1990. the navy would be in a new bureaucratic framework. Naval units supplied pre-landing bombardment and protected Marines going ashore during the landing. 21 . As American participation in the current Iraq/Afghanistan war winds down. In the immediate postwar period the navy was frustrated in efforts to participate in the delivery of nuclear weapons. a bold amphibious assault occurred at Inchon.S. The Navy responded with carrier-based flights in support of ground units. conducted coastal patrols (Operation MARKET TIME). In 1954 the Nautilus went to sea as the world’s first nuclear submarine. engaged in a long and ultimately divisive war. The navy is also engaged in such varied duties as the suppression of Somali pirates and providing humanitarian relief (as in Haiti after a 2010 earthquake). At Hungnam in December 1 950 the navy conducted an “amphibious landing in reverse” and evacuated allied forces.S. One particularly active area has been the Persian Gulf. rushed forces to protect Saudi Arabia from a possible Iraqi invasion. the U.S. Kennedy learned that the USSR was putting nuclear weapons in Cuba. and in 1960 the George Washington deployed as the first ballistic submarine.S. While the Cold War never became a hot war between the U. Under the act the Air Force became a separate service rather than a part of the army. In the 1950s. commissioned 1955. The end of the Cold War brought debate about the role of the military. United Nations forces advanced northward across the 38 th Parallel and in November neared the border with Chinese-controlled Manchuria. relations with the Soviet Union deteriorated. President John F.S. 1991. The navy became a crucial part of deterrence with the nuclear submarine and a submarine-launched ballistic missile. The Navy flew carrier missions.The ability to move at will on the oceans was fundamental to American postwar policy. Carrier-based tasks forces were the pre-eminent element in maintaining American sea control.N. After 1945 U. The first of these. To force the Soviets to withdraw the missiles. Nuclear weapons helped back up containment. the U. In the subsequent years. In navigating the postwar world. During the negotiations about provisions of the act. During this Cold War. worldwide national interests have shaped the use of the navy. 1987-1988. the deployment of larger carriers such as the Forrestal .. naval forces convoyed tankers from Kuwait whose transit of the gulf was threatened by a war between Iraq and Iran.R. The necessity of wartime cooperation between the services produced a reorganization of the armed forces. it will of necessity turn to the past for inspiration and examples. Concerned with threats to South Vietnam from Communist forces in North Vietnam. Iraqi forces invaded Kuwait and easily conquered of the nation. there were wars connected with the policy of containment. Market Time and Game Warden sought to stem the flow of enemy men and forces in South Vietnam.S. deterrence became a mainstay of policy—preventing an enemy from using the bomb because of a fear of retaliatory strikes. Chinese intervention and counter-attack caught U. In Operation DESERT SHIELD the U. the Korean War.
WEEK 5: NAVY SERVICE ORGANIZATION AND THE MISSION OF THE NAVY SERVICE I. Mission
The mission of the Navy is to maintain, train and equip combat-ready Naval forces capable of winning wars, deterring aggression and maintaining freedom of the seas.
II. The Chief of Naval Operation’s Tenets
Warfighting First Be ready to fight and win today, while building the ability to win tomorrow Operate Forward Provide offshore options to deter, influence and win in an era of uncertainty Be Ready Harness the teamwork, talent and imagination of our diverse force to be ready to fight and responsibly employ our resources
III. National Military Structure
The President of the United States (POTUS) serves as the Commander in Chief (CINC) of all U.S. military forces. The President is responsible to the citizens of the United States for maintaining a military that performs our nation’s security needs. The Secretary of Defense is the principal defense policy adviser to the President and is responsible for the formulation and execution of general defense policy. Subordinate to the Secretary of Defense are the individual service secretaries, including the Secretary of the Navy. The Joint Chiefs of Staff advise the CINC. There are seven four-star officers on the Joint Chiefs of Staff: 1. Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Gen Martin E. Dempsey, USA 2. Vice-Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff ADM James A. Winnefeld, Jr, USN 3. Commandant of the Marine Corps Gen James F. Amos, USMC 4. Chief of Naval Operations ADM Jonathan W Greenert, USN 5. Chief of Staff of the Army Gen Raymond T. Odierno, USA 6. Chief of Staff of the Air Force Gen Mark A. Welsh III, USAF 7. Chief of the National Guard Bureau________________ Gen Frank J. Grass, ARNG The Chairman is the principal military adviser to the President, Secretary of Defense, and the National Security Council (NSC); however, all JCS members are military advisers by law. Since the National Security Act of 1947, the Joint Chiefs of Staff serve as planners and advisers, although they have no executive authority to command combatant forces. The National Security Act of 1947 also established the National Security Council to consider national security issues that require Presidential decision. The National Security Council is formed of four statutory members: the President, the Vice President, the Secretary of State, and the Secretary of Defense. The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (CJCS) and the Director of National Intelligence serve as statutory advisers to the NSC. The National Defense Authorization Act of 2012 created the Chief of National Guard Bureau to the Joint Chief of Staff.
IV. Department of the Navy Leadership
The Secretary of the Navy has authority over both the Navy and Marine Corps. The Secretary of the Navy is responsible for conducting all the affairs of the Department of the Navy, including: recruiting, organizing, supplying, equipping, training, mobilizing, and demobilizing. The Secretary also oversees the construction, outfitting, and repair of naval ships, equipment, and facilities. The Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) is the senior military officer in the Navy. The CNO is a four-star admiral and is responsible to the Secretary of the Navy for the command, utilization of resources, and operating efficiency of the operating forces of the Navy and of the Navy shore activities assigned by the Secretary. The Commandant of the Marine Corps (CMC) is the senior military officer in the Marine Corps. The Commandant is a four-star general and is responsible to the Secretary of the Navy for the command, utilization of resources, and operating efficiency of the operating forces of the Marine Corps.
V. Chain of Command
Administrative Chain of Command The administrative chain of command is tasked with manning, training, and equipping forces and is responsible for personnel management, supply, services, maintenance, certification, and other matters not directly related to the operational chain of command. The Navy administrative chain of command is: 1. President of the United States____________________________ President Barack H. Obama 2. Secretary of Defense___________________________________ The Honorable Chuck Hagel 3. Secretary of the Navy___________________________________ The Honorable Ray Mabus 4. Chief of Naval Operations_______________________________ Admiral Jonathan W Greenert 5. Force Commanders - establish policy, control funds, and perform all administrative functions in their respective warfare specialties. a. Ships: COMNAVSURFFOR b. Air: COMNAVAIRFOR c. Subs: COMSUBFOR 6. Type Commanders - establish policy, control funds, and perform all administrative functions in their respective warfare specialties in their geographic area. a. Ships: COMNAVSURFLANT and COMNAVSURFPAC b. Air: COMNAVAIRLANT and COMNAVAIRPAC c. Subs: COMSUBLANT and COMSUBPAC 7. Group Commanders - responsible to Type Commanders (TYCOM) for administrative control of similar types of Fleet elements (e.g., carrier, cruiser-destroyer, etc.) in homeport areas. 8. Squadron Commanders - responsible to Group Commanders for administrative control of a squadron of similar ship types. 9. Unit Commanders - ship or aviation squadron Commanding Officers responsible to squadron commanders for administrative control of their ship. Operational Chain of Command The operational chain of command is tasked with using the forces provided by all four services to carry out the orders of the National Command Authority. The Navy operational chain of command is: 1. The President of the United States (with the Secretary of Defense, and the JCS acting as advisors.) 2. Unified Combatant Commanders - (EUCOM, CENTCOM, USPACOM) 3. Component Commanders - responsible to unified commanders for the tactical employment of naval forces in their assigned geographical region. (COMUSNAVCENT, COMPACFLT) 4. Numbered Fleet Commanders – 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th See Below for more information. 5. Designated Task Force Commanders - Used for multi-Battle Group forces (ie. CTF60, Commander, Task Force 60) 6. Task Group Commander - Battle Group Commanders (CTG60.1, CTG60.2, CTG75.2, etc.) 7. Task Unit Commander - Warfare Commanders within the Battle Group (CTU60.1.1, CTU75.2.3, etc.) 8. Task Element Commander - An individual ship or group of ships with a special purpose such as a Surface Action Group (SAG). (CTE188.8.131.52, CTE184.108.40.206, etc.)
VI. Unified Combatant Commands
Unified Combatant Commands are composed of forces from two or more services, have broad and continuing missions and are normally organized on a geographical basis. The number of unified combatant commands is not fixed by law and may vary from time to time. There are currently nine unified commands; Six have regional responsibilities, and three have functional responsibilities. Regional Responsibilities: 1. U.S. European Command (EUCOM)- US forces in Europe and parts of the Middle East. Headquartered at Patch Barracks in Stuttgart, Germany. 2. U.S. Pacific Command (PACOM)- US forces in the Pacific Ocean and Indian Ocean areas. Headquartered at Camp H. M. Smith in Honolulu, HI.
land. U.U. U. Manama. Operational Area of Operation Headquarters of Fleet CDR Fleet (s) THIRD Eastern and Central Pacific Point Loma.All air.US forces in the Middle East. Florida surrounding waters of Central and South America FIFTH Middle East (Red Sea. VII. U. Numbered Fleet Commands Navy forces are divided into numbered Fleets and assigned to unified commands. Strategic Command (STRATCOM). Central Command (CENTCOM). 9. Mexico and the surrounding waters out to approximately 500 nautical miles.S. UNIFIED COMMANDS 3.US forces in Central America and South America.S. Southern Command (SOUTHCOM). Clair County. Forces in Africa. Germany. Headquartered at Kelley Barracks in Stuttgart. Bahrain Arabian Sea.S. 4. within contiguous Unites States. U.mil/cno. Transportation Command (TRANSCOM). and protecting the territory and national interests of the U. Canada. 6.S. Headquartered at Offutt AFB in Omaha. U.S. Headquartered at Peterson AFB in Colorado Springs. Functional Responsibilities: 7. Northern Command (NORTHCOM). FL. Italy SEVENTH Western Pacific and Indian Yokosuka. Special Operations Command (SOCOM).S. Maryland Unified Command PACCOM SOUTHCOM CENTCOM EUCOM PACCOM STRATCOM Sources: www. Headquartered at Scott AFB in St. Alaska. California FOURTH Caribbean Ocean. 8. Japan Ocean TENTH Cyber Warfare Fort Meade. Naval Officer’s Guide. NE. CO. San Diego.navy. 5.U.. 25 .S.Directs special forces activities for all US Forces. Headquartered at MacDill AFB in Tampa.S. Headquartered at MacDill AFB in Tampa. Africa Command (AFRICOM). Headquartered in Miami. FL.S.Directs all air and sea transportation resources. and sea based strategic forces and Space forces. Persian Gulf) SIXTH Mediterranean Sea Naples. Mayport. FL. IL. U.Military support for civil authorities in the U.S.
Intelligence operations include planning and direction.WEEK 6: NAVY OPERATIONAL MISSION AREAS. computer network operations. embarked in ships or craft with the primary purpose of introducing a landing force (LF) ashore to accomplish the assigned mission. 1. and maritime warfare. MINE WARFARE (MIW) The strategic. 10. BALLISTIC MISSILE DEFENSE (BMD) All active and passive measures designed to detect. Mission areas define how the Navy executes naval warfare. from which 27 . during any portion of their flight trajectory (boost. AIR WARFARE (AW) The detection. disrupt. 11. 3. MOBILITY (MOB) A quality or capability of military forces which permits them to move from place to place while retaining the ability to fulfill their primary mission. AMPHIBIOUS WARFARE (AMW) Amphibious Warfare involves military operations launched from the sea by an amphibious force (AF). 5. sensors and capabilities are introduced into the maritime domain. and Sea basing. collection. surface. such as manufacturing facilities and operating bases. track. COMMAND CONTROL COMMUNICATIONS (CCC) Providing communications and related facilities for coordination and control of external forces. processing and exploitation. Expeditionary Operations encompassing the entire range of military operations. and the cou ntering of enemy-laid mines to permit friendly maneuver or use of selected land or sea areas. military deception. INFORMATION OPERATIONS (IO) The integrated employment of the core capabilities of electronic warfare. 6. 7. and tactical use of mines and mine countermeasures. or land platforms. Includes Naval Special Warfare. air. to influence. from foreign humanitarian assistance to forcible entry in an MTW. operational. including attacks against strategic or tactical targets. 4. staffs and reserve components are designed and/or organized to perform one or more mission areas. Navy Expeditionary Combat. organized. INTELLIGENCE OPERATIONS (INT) The variety of intelligence and counterintelligence tasks that are carried out by various intelligence organizations and activities within the intelligence process. psychological operations. Listed below are today’s major Navy mission areas. ANTISUBMARINE WARFARE (ASW) Operations conducted with the intention of denying the enemy the effective use of submarines. midcourse. corrupt or usurp adversarial human and automated decision making while protecting our own. 2. whether launched by the enemy from air. Mine Warfare. 9. in both strategic and theater tactical roles. in concert with specified supporting and related capabilities. and control of own unit's capabilities. Amphibious Warfare. 8. EXPEDITIONARY WARFARE (EXW) A military operation conducted by an armed force to accomplish a specific objective in a foreign country. Mine warfare is divided into two basic subdivisions: the laying of mines to degrade the enemy’s capabilities to wage land. Navy mission areas are continuously evolving as new weapons. and operations security. STRIKE WARFARE (STW) Naval operations to destroy or neutralize enemy targets ashore. and equipped for amphibious operations. WARFARE COMMUNITIES AND MARITIME STRATEGY I. and evaluation and feedback. and defeat attacking ballistic missiles (and entities). identify. dissemination and integration. The defining characteristic of expeditionary operations is the projection of force into a foreign setting. tracking. or terminal) or to nullify or reduce the effectiveness of such attack. Operational Mission Areas Navy ships. subsurface. An AF is an amphibious task force (ATF) and an LF together with other forces that are trained. post-boost. destruction or neutralization of enemy air platforms and airborne weapons. analysis and production.
The Maritime Strategy is about Security. the Fleet utilizes the following warfare communities: 1. 12. Maritime Strategy The following summary of our Maritime Strategy is found at http://www. raising the prevention of war to a level equal to the conduct of war. Visit this same site to find the document in its entirety. Construction. 80% of the world lives on or near the coastline and 90% of our commerce sails across it. This strategy clearly articulates that our sea services operate across the full spectrum of operations. Surface Warfare 2. Stability and Seapower Security: Maritime forces are first line of defense with ability to deploy quickly. trust and cooperation cannot be surged.S. Warfare Communities To achieve this mission. Amphibious Warfare (Surface and Marine Corps assets) 3. Prosperity: 70% of the world is water. or subsurface operations against friendly forces. Signed for the first time by the service chiefs of all three sea services. this new enduring strategy will apply maritime power to the crucial responsibility of protecting U. II. vital interests in an increasingly interconnected and uncertain world. Expeditionary Warfare (EOD. 2007. 28 .mil/maritime/. R. Marine Corps and Coast Guard even closer together in working to protect and sustain the American way of life. Special Warfare (SEALs) 6. The result of over a year’s work. the strategy draws the Navy. Coast Guard at the International Seapower Symposium in Newport. SURFACE WARFARE (SUW) That portion of maritime warfare in which operations are conducted to destroy or neutralize enemy naval surface forces and merchant vessels. Maritime forces will be employed to build confidence and trust among nations through collective security efforts that focus on common threats and mutual interests in an open.navy. Undersea Warfare (Submarine and Mine assets) 4. Seapower: The unifying force and common denominator that enables global security stability and prosperity. multi-polar world. surface.the enemy is capable of conducting or supporting air. III. Marine Corps and U. reach difficult locations. on Oct 17. Any disruption in that chain caused by instability has a direct impact on American quality of life. “A Cooperative Strategy for 21st Century Seapower” was presented by the Chief of Naval Operations and the Commandants of the U. Space Warfare We will define and discuss the majority of these communities in the following chapters. Air Warfare 5.S.I. Although our forces can surge when necessary to respond to crises.S. Cyber Warfare / Information Dominance 8. Riverine) 7. They must be built over time so that the strategic interests of the participants are continuously considered while mutual understanding and respect are promoted. We believe that preventing wars is as important as winning wars.
cfm Navy Fact File: http://www. secure strategic access and retain global freedom of action. oiler. and Coast Guard will act across the full range of military operations to secure the United States from direct attack. strengthen existing and emerging alliances and partnerships and establish favorable security conditions.mil/navydata/ships Warfare areas of operation in Navy/Marine Corps/Coast Guard strategy and which platforms engage in each operation: http://www. Forward Presence 2. The Carrier Strike Group is primarily employed for sea control and are formed and disestablished on an as-needed basis. and supply ship Carrier Air Wing The Amphibious Readiness Group (ARG) centers on the flexibility and readiness of amphibious and embarked ships and Marine Expeditionary Unit(s) (MEU). Marine Corps. Deterrence 3.navy. Expanded Core Capabilities of Maritime Power 1. Sea Control 4.mil/maritime Composite Warfare Doctrine: NWP 3-56 29 . Every CSG is different but they all are comprised of similar types of ships.navy.asp?id=148 http://www.pdf Maritime strategy: http://www. Power Projection 5. as well. the Carrier Strike Group (CSG) and Amphibious Readiness Groups (ARG).navy. Below is a notional Carrier Strike Group of which you will learn in later chapters the details of each platform: One Aircraft Carrier (CVN) One Guided Missile Cruiser (CG) Two Guided Missile Destroyers (DDG) One attack submarine (SSN) One combined ammunition.United States Navy.com/assets/files/NOPS/NOPS-1.navair. Maritime Security 6. Capabilities of the Navy The Navy is able to achieve our Maritime Strategy through two unique capabilities. but at sea. not only by land with embarked Marines. Below is a notional ARG of which you will learn in later chapters the details of each platform: One Amphibious Assault Ship (LHA or LHD) One Amphibious Transport Dock (LPD) Ship One Dock Landing Ship (LSD) One Marine Expeditionary Unit AV-8B Harrier II CH-53E Super Stallion helicopters MV-22 Osphrey tiltrotor V/STOL AH-1W Super Cobra helicopters P-3 Orion Maritime Patrol Aircraft C/KC-130 Hercules / Super Hercules Sources: http://www.mil/index.navy. The total ARG provides operational freedom and expanded warfare capabilities.thelightningpress. Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Response V.mil/navydata/nav_legacy.
Rating. service. In order to qualify for a rating. ET. Personnel in paygrades E-1 through E-3 can be considered either designated or non-designated. or Fireman. 31 . determines how much money he or she is paid per month. a Sailor must work their way through the general apprenticeship levels (E-1 through E-3) or attend a service school. Men and women who enlist in the Navy begin as nonrated personnel. YNSR.” Nonrated and rated personnel together are referred to as “enlisted personnel. A PACT Sailor seeking to advance into a specific rating is considered a “striker” and is required to achieve a significant level of experience and training toward a particular rating to formally recognized as a “designated striker”. A paygrade defines a person’ relative standing in the Navy and. and Paygrade Every member of the Navy is either nonrated.WEEK 7: U. Rated personnel are called “petty officers. and how they advance. Many of our Sailors have acquired college credits and degrees either before entering the Navy or as a result of self-development. Rates.” Paygrade Everyone in the Navy has a paygrade. general. Given the quality and diversity of these sailors.S. Introduction Enlisted Sailors in the modern Navy have a higher level of training and education than ever before. II. which is subdivided into GSE (electrical) and GSM (mechanical). Examples are Gas-turbine systems Technician (GS). and emergency. Officers are tasked with leading these motivated individuals and developing them into a cohesive team with mission accomplishment as the highest priority. GM. it is essential that each officer learn about his or her Sailors. A new enlisted recruit enters the Navy as an E-1 which is the first enlisted paygrade. Therefore. how they are trained. BMSA. or a commissioned officer. rated. A combination of experience and specialized training will allow them to move into a rated category and then advance through a number of levels. Once designated a formal rating abbreviation is added to the general rate and paygrade (i. Emergency Ratings can be created in times of war or national emergency and are ratings not normally needed by the Navy. etc…) There are three categories of ratings. Service ratings are those general ratings that are subdivided into specific services. officers will find leading them both challenging and rewarding. NAVY ENLISTED PERSONNEL I. Enlisted personnel advance through their paygrades by taking advancement exams (E-4 though E-7) and having their records evaluated by a selection board (E-7 through E-9). General Apprenticeship Seaman (SN) Hospitalman (HN) Airman (AN) Constructionman (CN) Fireman (FN) Color of Stripe White on Black/Black on White White on Black/Black on White Green Light Blue Red Rating A rating is an occupational specialty in the Navy. Seaman. There are currently no emergency ratings active today. Today the Navy requires unprecedented technical proficiency and expertise in its enlisted Sailors. Examples are OS. Non-designated personnel pick one of three available Professional Apprenticeship Career Track (PACT) programs-Airman. of course. The trust and professionalism shared between an officer and his or her Sailors starts with an appreciation and respect for the value of these individuals and a desire to know them beyond their productivity levels. The general ratings are occupations for paygrades E-4 through E-9.e. Each general rating has a distinctive badge.
This is known as an enlisted personnel’s rate. villages had several "petite" or "petty" officers who were subordinate to major officials. Navy. and insignia worn: AB (Aviation Boatswain’s Mate) AT (Aviation Electronics Technician) AD (Aviation Machinist’s Mate) AE (Aviation Electrician’s Mate) AO (Aviation Ordnanceman) AS (Aviation Support Equipman Technician) AW (Aviation Warfare Systems Operator) CS (Culinary Specialist) CT (Cryptologic Technician) DC (Damage Controlman)MU(Musician) ET (Electronics Technician) EOD (Explosive Ordnance Disposal Technician) GM (Gunner’s Mate) HM (Hospital Corpsman) HT (Hull Technician) IT (Information Systems Technician) LN (Legalman) LS (Logistics Specialist) MA (Master-at-Arms) MC (Mass Communications Specialist) MM (Machinist’s Mate) OS (Operations Specialist) QM (Quartermaster) RP (Religious Programs Specialist) PS (Personnel Specialist) SO (Special Warfare Operator) UT (Utilitiesman) Petty Officers E-4 to E-6 personnel are considered to be non-commissioned officers (NCOs). Thus. and is the special assistant to the Commanding Officer in all matters pertaining to the health. The proper form of address to a Chief Petty Officer is "Chief". In medieval England. abbreviation.g. The first two or three letters represent the general or service rating. Lieutenant. and Air Force. A CMC is considered to be the senior-most enlisted service member within a command. but are considered a separate community within the Navy. They have separate berthing and dining facilities (where feasible). In the U. The “Boatswain’s Mate” is the general service rating and the 2 is the paygrade. S. welfare. Lieutenant (j.). morale. and Lieutenant Commander) — a primary difference between a Chief in the Navy and their counterparts in the Army. with the duty of training Junior Officers (Ensign. Petty Officers are assistants to senior officers. unlike other branches of service. An enlisted person who identifies him/herself as BM2 Smith. and are specifically called Petty Officers in the Navy. service members may choose to further their career by becoming a Command Master Chief Petty Officer (CMC). Command Master Chief (CMC) After obtaining Master Chief Petty Officer. The title Petty Officer comes from the French word petit meaning small. Marine Corps. Petty Officers are identified by a combination of letters and /or numbers that represent the individual’s paygrade and rating. inform the chain of command on matters pertaining to good order and discipline. and perform separate duties. the number or letter(s) following indicate the paygrade. CMC 32 . "Senior Chief". wear separate uniforms similar in appearance to a commissioned officer uniform. job satisfaction. or "Master Chief" according to their rating. Petty Officers perform not only the duties of their specific career field but also lead junior enlisted personnel. Advancement to Chief Petty Officer (E-7) or above requires a peer review by existing Chief Petty Officers beyond the normal examination score and performance evaluation process. address grievances.The following is a list of ratings found on the yard and which you are expected to know by name. utilization. the Chief is specifically tasked. Examples: HM3 LN2 OS1 LSC CTTCS MMCM Hospital Corpsman Third Class (Petty Officer) Legalman Second Class (Petty Officer) Operations Specialist First Class (Petty Officer) Chief Logistics Specialist Senior Chief Cryptological Technician-Technical Master Chief Machinist Mate Chief Petty Officers E-7 to E-9 are still considered NCOs. They take responsibility for their subordinates. would be a Boatswain’s Mate Second Class. and may even have to place personnel on report. advancement and training of the command's enlisted personnel. in writing.
or qualification not included in general or service rating training. Non-Commissioned Officer and Enlisted Rate Structure of the United States Navy Master Chief Petty Officer of the Navy E-9 Master Chief Petty Officer E-9 Senior Chief Petty Officer E-8 Chief Petty Officer E-7 Petty Officer First Class E-6 Petty Officer Second Class E-5 Petty Officer Third Class E-4 Seaman E-3 Seaman Apprentice E-2 Seaman Recruit E-1 No insignia Note: Personnel in paygrades E-3 and below are identified by their diagonal stripes and the color assigned to their prospective community. With few exceptions. Personnel in paygrades E-7 through E-9 wear collar devices (i. who match individuals to specific assignments (billets) in the Navy. TN. A Senior Chief will have one silver star above the anchor.that this particular Sailor can be assigned the tugmaster billet anywhere in the Navy. and a Master Chief will have two silver stars. an E-5 (Petty Officer Second Class) has two. Naval Enlisted Classification (NEC) Codes NEC is a special code used to identify a skill. This tells the detailer – the administrative personnel at Navy Personnel Command (NAVPERSCOM) in Millington.e. The insignia show below is for that of a Boatswain’s Mate (BM). aptitude. An E-4 (Petty Officer Third Class) wears one chevron on his/her rating badge. General Apprenticeship PACT Seaman PACT Airman PACT Fireman Hospital Corpsman Constructionman Color of Stripes White on Black Background/ Black on White Backgound Green Stripes on Black or White Background Red Stripes on Black or White Background White on Black Background/ Black on White Backgound Light Blue Stripes on Black or White Background III. For example. Notice the star in the place of the anchors on the insignia of the Master Chief Petty Officer of the Navy. reflecting a change in their rating.insignia are similar to the insignia for Master Chief. Uniform Insignia Enlisted personnel will wear rating badges or insignias on all uniforms with the exception of non-rated personnel when wearing utilities and coveralls. The crossed anchors below the “crow” identify the individual as a BM on the rating badge. gold anchors with USN and fouled chain). knowledge. The star shows the individual is a CMC. rating badges or collar devices will be worn with the exception of non-rated personnel. III. Insignias and badges with no rating specific markings will be worn on utilities or coverall for E-4 personnel and above. When wearing either the peacoat or outer jacket. They would go through the qualification process and earn the NEC BM-0161. NECs are assigned to personnel by the Enlisted Personnel Management Center (EPMAC) in New 33 . not all Boatswain’s Mates (BM) are qualified tugmasters. and an E-6 (Petty Officer First Class) has three. except that the rating symbol is replaced by an inverted fivepoint star.
html Navy Enlisted Promotion Chart: http://usmilitary.navy.history. operator. Class E – Designated for professional education leading to an academic degree. For E-7 the advancement exam is held annually. school quotas. and performance.htm Chief Petty Officer Heritage: http://www.Orleans. 3. 2. maintenance. 9 months in length. 4. Class F – Trains fleet personnel who are en route to. Selection for a service school depends on the rate. TIR.mil/navydata/ranks/rankrate. graduation from a particular service school is necessary for advancement. Also provides individual training such as refresher. and increased pride. greater responsibility.htm 34 . 5. awards. Be recommended by the Commanding Officer.navy. Advancement to petty officer rate in the Navy are made through centralized competition. More privileges. time in service. 2. Class R schooling for all recruits is conducted at Recruit Training Center. An NEC may also be awarded to identify the level of skill. For E-8 and E-9. performance (evaluations). and score on the annual/semi-annual exams held in March and September for E-4 through E-6.asp?id=259 US Navy Ranks and Rates: http://www. alphanumeric. There are six type of NEC codes: entry series. General Requirements. also known as “boot camp” or “recruit training. A NEC is not awarded. Meet all physical readiness/body fat standards. 6. 4. Enlisted Advancement Advancement in the Navy means better pay. Service Schools For some ratings. Advancement to E-4 through E-9 is based on a combination of time in service. IL. Fulfill special requirements for certain ratings. V. 3.about. advancement is based on performance and board selection. The five types of enlisted service schools are: 1. current duty assignment. Class C – Advanced skills and techniques needed to perform a particular job are taught. Class A – Provides the basic technical knowledge required for job performance and further specialized training. special series. Meet all appropriate citizenship or security clearance requirements for advancement in certain rates or ratings. rating series. 1. numerical. A selection board is convened in July and results are posted in early August.navy. Advancement to E-2 and E-3 is based on Time-In-Rate (TIR). 5.” It prepares the recruit for early adjustment to military life by inculcating basic skills and knowledge about military subjects. and planning. and the operational schedule of the Sailor’s unit. An NEC may be awarded to identify the skill.mil/faqs/faq46-1. VI.mil/navydata/navy_legacy_hr. Class R – This is the basic school that provides initial training after enlistment. or are members of ships’ companies. Sources: Enlisted Rating Insignia: http://www. or technical training of less than 13 calendar days. in January. Great Lakes.com/od/navy/l/blpromchart.
Tun Tavern in Philadelphia. which evolved from the late 1700s and early 1800s. it also established a Continental Marine Corps. The Scarlet Stripe – The red scarlet trouser strip first appeared on uniform trousers in 1798.WEEK 8: USMC HISTORY AND TRADITIONS I. was the use of the Quatrefoil. and to protect their necks from sword slashes. or neckpiece. Leatherneck – The Marines long-standing nickname "Leatherneck” goes back to t he leather collar. the Ruler of Tripoli. 1775 marks the United States Marine Corps ’ official birthday. Origins Birth of the Marine Corps The United States Marine Corps is a direct descendent of the British Royal Marines. Prince Hamet. a period of 38 years. Two Medal of Honor Recipients – Gunnery Sergeant Dan Daly and Major Smedley Butler are the only Marines who have been awarded two Medals of Honor for two separate actions. Marine Corps Band – The Marine Band was also established in 1798 and has played for every president except George Washington. Samuel Nicholas. The high collar on the blue dress uniforms commemorates it today. The emblem consisted of an eagle with spread wings sitting on top of a globe of the Western Hemisphere with an anchor in the background. The British withdrew from Fort Montague and the Marines captured the fort without firing a shot. The first Marine to rise to the rank of Sergeant Major was Sergeant Major Archibald Sommers. It enabled our sharpshooting Marines in the riggings of sailing ships to distinguish between friend and foe. which cannot be supported by fact. Thirteen of the twenty-three Marine officers participating in this battle were decorated for bravery. ” Mameluke Sword – In 1805. Bahamas was led by Samuel Nicholas and was the first amphibious raid in the history of the Marine Corps. and the anchor naval traditions. From this evolved the Quatrefoil. The Mameluke Sword is the oldest weapon still in use today by any of the US Armed Forces. Gunnery Sergeant Dan Daly was awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions during the Boxer Rebellion in China in 1900 and the Banana 35 . and reappeared in 1840 and 1859. which was worn from 1775 to 1875. in 1868 Marine Corps emblem was adopted. Early Traditions Quatrefoil – One of the traditions. History and Traditions First Amphibious Landing The attack on New Providence. He is considered the first traditional Commandant of the Marine Corps.” Marine Corps Emblem– During the post-Civil War period. partly as a result of the military fashions of the day. who were founded in 1664. that was intended to ensure the Marines kept their heads erect. November 10. Landing on 3 March 1776. Thus the scarlet stripe. Thomas Jefferson gave them the nickname "The President's Own. “The Grand Old Man of the Marine Corps” – Archibald Henderson was appointed the 5th Commandant of the Marine Corps in 1820 and remained commandant until 1859. the Marines made the first amphibious assault. a Philadelphia merchant. the globe worldwide service. The popular story. was commissioned a Captain and ordered to raise the required number of Marines to form the two battalions. Our boarding parties attached a cross design piece of rope to the top of their covers. Pennsylvania is recognized as the birthplace of the Marine Corps. When the 2nd Continental Congress drew up plans for a Navy. today the cross-shaped braid is worn on top of the Officer's barracks cover. presented the Mameluke sword to Lieutenant O'Bannon as a token of gratitude for the Marines’actions during the Barbary Pirate Wars. worn today on the blue dress trousers is to commemorate all the officer and noncommissioned officer casualties at the battle. The position SgtMaj of the Marine Corps was not established until 1957. taking the British defenders completely by surprise. or "blood stripe". 90% of the Marine officers and noncommissioned officers were casualties. Rank Of Sergeant Major – In 1798 Congress established the rank of Sergeant Major. II. A replica of that sword was adopted for use and carried by all Marine officers. is: In the battle of Chapultepec during the Mexican War in 1847. and is known as “the Grand Old Man of the Marine Corps. The eagle symbolizes the nation.
Lloyd Williams reportedly answered. Thirteenth Commandant – Perhaps the most significant event of this period was the appointment of Major General John A. The French government awarded the 4th Marine Brigade France's highest award. Women In The Corps – Women entered the ranks of the Marine Corps for the first time in 1918. you sons of bitches! Do you want to live forever?" during the Battle of Belleau Wood in WWI. the Marines pulled out and received orders to protect Paris. the Croix de Guerre. iv.Wars in Haiti in 1915. Enhancing the officer corps through the Company Grade Officer's School and the Field Grade Officer's School. The reefs surrounding the island stopped the majority of the landing craft. 76 hours after the start of the assault on Tarawa. Establishing the Marine Corps Institute. Cunningham was the first Marine to earn naval aviation wings. the 4th Marine Brigade suffered enormous casualties while saving Paris from the Germans. and 14 tanks. a Marine Division attacked Tarawa. "a million men assaulting for a hundred years could not take Tarawa". ii. calling them "Teufelhunden" or "Devil Dog". After 54 days of trench warfare. In November 1943. By February of 1943. the Marines assumed a defensive perimeter until the rest of the Marines aboard the ships could return. The Island Hopping Campaign of World War II Guadalcanal In August 1942. a Marine Division made the first amphibious landing of World War II.300 wounded Marines. retreating French soldiers encouraged them to "fall back… retreat…" telling them that advancement was impossible. The operation was not yet complete when the Navy decided to withdrawal from Guadalcanal with thousands of Marines and critical equipment aboard.800 Japanese on Tarawa manning 32 large coastal artillery pieces. the Marines were consistently called upon to protect American interests and provide security in such places as Haiti. The significance of Tarawa was that the Japanese commander claimed. He is also remembered for saying. Devil Dog – German soldiers feared the Marines. Lieutenant Cunningham worked to establish Marines as aviators and is considered the father of Marine Corps aviation. As Marines moved to the front. "Come on. Nicaragua. the Marines had full control of Guadalcanal and the US concentrated on the offensive in the Pacific. His major accomplishments as Commandant include: i. 36 . Major Smedley Butler was awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions during the Mexican War in 1914 and the Banana Wars in Haiti in 1915. Tarawa There were over 4. 106 machine guns. In classic Marine fashion Capt.100 dead and 2. Father of Marine Aviation – The development of Marine aviation began in 1912. the Marines captured the island at the cost of 1. we just got here!" At Belleau Wood. beginning with Opha Mae Johnson. When the Marines came ashore. "Retreat hell. Only 17 Japanese surrendered. Guiding the Corps toward the amphibious assault role. Lejeune as the 13th Commandant of the Marine Corps. Instead of spearheading an offensive operation. It took the Marines just 76 hours. The Marines waded to the shore. some 500 hundred yards distant. the rest fought to the death. During this same period the concept of close air support was implemented for the first time and the serious study of the amphibious assault was undertaken. World War I (1917) The Marine Corps underwent a drastic transformation in World War I from a small force of anti-guerrilla fighters to a large conventional force capable of sustained combat. when 277 reservists and Women Marines joined the Corps. Post-World War I During and after World War I. iii. in the face of machine gun and mortar fire. They met the Germans at a place called Bois de Belleau (Belleau Wood). a name which is still used by Marines to this day. and the Dominican Republic. Organizing Headquarters Marine Corps. the Japanese launched a sea attack against the US Navy amphibious ships. 2nd Lieutenant Alfred A.
The US Army was immediately dispatched from Japan along with other United Nations (UN) forces. Okinawa The final great land offensive in the Pacific area was the invasion of Okinawa by the combined forces of the Marine Corps and the Army. snapped a picture. with another Marine Division held in reserve. The North became Communist and the South became a Democratic Republic. the men Marine landed on Iwo Jima. Many of the 1500 caves and pillboxes on the island had reinforced walls ten feet thick. planes and submarines to tighten the blockade around Japan's home islands. An Associated Press photographer. The Marines sustained more than 26.C. It was the largest Marine amphibious landing to date. In recognition of the Marines’ heroism in the battle on Iwo Jima. This picture was the inspiration for the Marine Corps War Memorial in Washington. The Marine Corps landed the two Marine Divisions on the western beaches of Okinawa. Korea was split. North and South. D. rugged terrain. after three months of fighting.000 casualties while fighting the 21. The Japanese spent almost 20 years preparing for the defense of this island. on 21 June 1945.000 Japanese soldiers that defended the barren. 37 . Japanese resistance ended. Navy Admiral Chester A. along the 38th parallel. which has taken its place with the most famous pictures and paintings of our country's history. Defending this mighty fortress were 117." During this battle Marines raised the American flag on Mount Suribachi. uncommon valor was a common virtue.Iwo Jima Iwo Jima was needed in order to provide a clear flight path for American B-29 strategic bombers. and the costliest. North Korean troops supplied with Russian and Chinese equipment and advisors crossed the 38th Parallel attacking South Korea. Nimitz said. On the morning of 19 February 1945. "Among the Americans who fought and died at Iwo Jima. The Korean War The Pusan Perimeter After World War II. However. The successful conquest of the island of Okinawa enabled our ships. Joe Rosenthal.000 Japanese. In the summer of 1950.
just south of the Chosin Reservoir. As the Marine Division began their controlled withdrawal from the Chosin Reservoir. 70 miles from the sea. The Marine Division was the only unit to come out of the Chosin Reservoir intact. The Marines were left alone with their supply lines cut off. we're just attacking in a different direction. The Battle for the Chosin Reservoir The Marines pushed north toward the border between North Korea and Communist China as winter arrived. Seoul was taken on 26 September after 3 days of heavy fighting. The Battle for Seoul 10. the weather became just as fierce as the enemy. In September 1950. The Marines moved in and. the Marines fought for the city in hand-to-hand combat. The UN forces crumbled and retreated. 38 . The Marines marched to the west of a man-made reservoir called Chosin. a North Korean division attacked. The Marines then pushed the North Koreans back 26 miles along the left flank. The North Koreans were destroyed by the massive firepower of the Marines. There were several obstacles to overcome. Within days. Commanding officer of the Marine Division. The Battle for Inchon The landing at Inchon was unlike any of the landings during World War II. stated. the 1st Provisional Marine Brigade sailed from San Diego for Pusan. securing the perimeter. As the Marines withdrew from the Chosin Reservoir. As the Marines moved north through the frozen mountainous terrain. On 27 November. the a Chinese Communist Division attacked the 7th Marine Regiment who was the lead element for the Marine Division. the Communist Chinese Forces (CCF) prepared to move south. and any weapon at their disposal. Inchon was surrounded by an 8-foot sea wall." It was a testament of the Marines’ fighting spirit. Chesty Puller is the only Marine who has been awarded five Navy Crosses. "Chesty" Puller served as the commanding officer of the 7th Marines. Colonel “Chesty” Puller was awarded his fifth Navy Cross at the Chosin Reservoir for his leadership and bravery.000 Korean soldiers defended Seoul. On 3 September the North Koreans attacked the perimeter again. which the Marines had to scale from their landing craft. and left nothing to aid the Chinese divisions. This rapid deployment of a combat ready Marine contingent again displayed the Marine Corps' concept of being a "Force in Readiness". General MacArthur’s plan worked perfectly and the North Korean Army suffered a devastating defeat. On the night of 2 November. The following day the a Marine Battalion attacked the left flank of the North Korean division and the rest of the regiment soon took the ridges overlooking the river. Colonel Lewis B. was surrounded by large mud flats and had an island fortress to protected it. to fight their way back down the supply lines to the sea. There was only one choice for the Marines. As the Marines moved in as a blocking force. After 2 days of fighting the Marines captured Inchon and prepared to advance onto the South Korean capital of Seoul. The Marines fought off the attack for five days until the Chinese broke contact and simply disappeared. after three days of tough fighting they pushed the North Koreans back 6 miles. Lastly. elements of the US Army were already surrounded within the Pusan Perimeter. By the time the Marines arrived in August 1950. evacuated all the dead and wounded. but the Marines cleared every street in the cit y. The 1st Provisional Marine Brigade was used to plug holes in the perimeter defense. using flame-throwers. This is when General Smith. The city of Inchon had tidal variation of 33 feet. "We are not retreating. they took all of their men and equipment.The South Koreans and the US Army were pushed back to a small perimeter around the port city of Pusan. The Army units on the Marine’s left flank were crumbling and the Marines were dangerously exposed. eight Chinese Divisions out-flanked the Marines.
1965 the 9th Marine Expeditionary Brigade landed at Da Nang. Each battalion converged on the 1st Viet Cong Regiment at the same time. On 18 August 1965. Hue.000 strong. also known as the helicopter assault. they were the first ground combat forces to deploy to South Vietnam. The significance of the “Hill Fights” was that the Marines denied the NVA control of Quang Tri Province and at the same time enhanced the security of Khe Sanh. Acting on this information. the NVA had to control this base in order to control the province. a three pronged attack named Operation STARLITE was launched. Khe Sanh The Quang Tri province bordered the demilitarized zone (DMZ) and was one of the key objectives of the North Vietnamese Army (NVA) in 1967. For several months. established the billet of Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps as the Commandant’s senior enlisted advisor. A truce was signed on 27 July 1953. The overall situation changed little in the months to come as the Chinese offered to negotiate. General Pate. Defense of the DMZ was centered on the Khe Sanh combat base. The significance of Operation STARLITE was that the Marines dealt the Viet Cong its first major defeat of the war and denied the Viet Cong sanctuaries along the coast. The Marine Corps pioneered the doctrine of Vertical Envelopment. another battalion conducted a helo borne assault from the west. the NVA forces were defeated and the city secured. some 2. Operation STARLITE In late July of 1965. 39 . The first Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps was Sergeant Major Bestwick. This is the origin of the flak jackets used in the fleet today. the 21st Commandant. was preparing to attack Chu Lai. One battalion attacked on foot from the north. The NVA managed to infiltrate and gain control of Hue city. and a third conducted an amphibious assault from the southeast. On March 8. frostbite injuries.The war quickly came to a stalemate. and the problem of fighting in an arctic environment. The Marines had to fight house-to-house and streetto-street to retake the city. the Marines initiated the first regimental-sized operation since the Korean War. so the Marine Corps were called in to protect it. California for extensive cold weather training prior to departure for Korea. Introduction of the thermal boots. Three Developments from the Korean War Use of lightweight body armor in the latter stages of the war. 7th Marines took on the mission. The main objectives of the Tet Offensive were to capture the Vietnamese cities of Saigon. and Da Nang. After twenty-four days of fighting. Northwest of Khe Sanh was a group of hills that overlooked the base and was used by the NVA to launch mortar and rocket attacks. Khe Sanh. Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps In 1957. Introduction of the helicopter into a combat environment. it was the first time since Korea that the Marines fought in this manner. Tet Offensive In search of a victory. The Vietnam War Da Nang As air strikes went deep into North Vietnam. the NVA conducted a large-scale operation that coincided with the Vietnamese Lunar New Year called Tet. all Marine replacements for Korea were sent to Bridgeport. the Americans established an airbase in the northern part South Vietnam at Da Nang. Because of the intense cold. The US suspected the Viet Cong would attack this air base. Marines conducted limited operations. intelligence reports indicated that the 1st Viet Cong Regiment. The 2d and 3d Battalions of the 3d Marine Regiment attacked the NVA to push them off the high ground.
That same day. much progress has been made. The events leading up to the event are disputed. The damage the city had avoided during the initial invasion was negated by damage from looters. The four contractors were dragged from their cars. a crowd of 200 people defied a curfew imposed by the Americans and gathered outside a secondary school used as a military HQ to demand its reopening. including the Taliban stronghold of Marjah. Marines captured Kandahar Airport and converted it into one of the first coalition command centers in the country. At the start of 2010. Coalition forces declared an end to the dictator's rule. Operation IRAQI FREEDOM (OIF) Initial Operations In 2003. perform security searches. convey information. who took advantage of the collapse of Saddam Hussein's regime.S. However. Soldiers from the 82nd Airborne stationed on the roof of the building fired upon the crowd. Marines lead Operation MOSHTARAK. 2001. 2004 . The entire American military focused its might on defeating Al-Qaeda. A convoy of 30. Working on the front lines alongside their male counterparts for the first time in history. Their burned corpses were then dragged through the streets before 40 . 2003. Tet related battles continued for four more months. beaten. and the nearby military bases. leaving unsecured military equipment behind. Two months later. Khe Sanh came under siege by three NVA divisions during January to March 1968.The NVA had to find another way to take Khe Sanh. Iraq became a second front in the war on terrorism with OIF. 2001. each team of female Marines had to cross difficult cultural hurdles in order to obtain permission to engage with Afghan women before they could begin to assess their needs. the United States government declared a "Global War on Terrorism. The experimental program was successful. Since the initial invasion. In October of 2004. hundreds of schools have been constructed and millions in aid have been distributed. Marines continue to fight the Taliban and train Afghan soldiers to eventually shoulder the burden of Afghanistan's national security. Afghanistan held its first direct elections. Recognizing that you can't win a war of hearts and minds with only half the population. the Tet offensive provoked a political crisis in the US that changed the Vietnam War. and one year later. Marines secured the center of Baghdad. they positioned themselves at the vacated Ba'ath Party headquarters. What they learned as some of the first cultural outsiders to ever talk to remote Afghan women helped the Marine Corps define its aid programs and build trust with villagers. and set ablaze. The War in Afghanistan officially became the longest war in U. history in June of 2010. American forces claim they were responding to gunfire from the crowd.Iraqi insurgents in Fallujah ambushed a convoy containing four American private military contractors employed by Blackwater USA. while the Iraqis involved deny this version. Marines were the first major ground forces in Afghanistan. in one of his last acts. In mid-December.000 Marines advanced 500 miles from the border of Kuwait in just 10 days. although conceding rocks were thrown at the troops. A protest against the killings two days later was also fired upon by US troops resulting in two more deaths. Iraqi Army units stationed in the area abandoned their positions and disappeared into the local population.000 NVA casualties. from which Saddam. located a few kilometers outside the city proper. One of the key objectives of OIF during 2003 was the capture of Iraq's capital. win the support of Afghan mothers and daughters. On April 9. Fallujah was also the site of a Ba'athist resort facility called "Dreamland". and whenever possible. in 2009 the United States Marine Corps developed a program to train and deploy Female Engagement Teams (FETs) alongside male units in order to build trust and confidence with Afghan women. The looters targeted former government sites. they conducted the first Afghan parliamentary election. When the US Army entered the town in April 2003. The threat of violence has been greatly reduced. the Dreamland compound." In response to the Taliban government's refusal to respond to known terrorist activities within their borders. Marines were deployed to Afghanistan as part of OEF. resulting in the death and wounding of people in the crowd. Aggravating this situation was the proximity of Fallujah to the infamous Abu Ghraib prison. Global War on Terrorism (GWOT) and Operation ENDURING FREEDOM (OEF) Following the terrorist attacks of September 11. the largest military operation since the beginning of the war in Afghanistan and reclaimed cities across southern Afghanistan. with Marine responsibilities ranging from combat and security operations to humanitarian efforts. had released all prisoners. 2003. but the communists suffered a stunning defeat and lost more than 80. Baghdad. Fallujah Fallujah was one of the least affected areas of Iraq immediately after the 2003 invasion by the US-led Coalition. who were at the time guarding a convoy. On March 31. A Fallujah Protection Force composed of local Iraqis was set up by the US-led occupants to help fight the rising resistance. On the evening of April 28.
during a reconnaissance mission in the town of Karabilah. they discovered seven vehicles scrambling to depart. Iraq. Images of their mutilated bodies were broadcast around the world. he and his driver evacuated two dozen Afghan soldiers.S. In September of 2010. and machine guns from houses and fortified positions on the slopes above. Corporal Meyer made two more trips into the ambush area in a third gun-truck accompanied by four other Afghan vehicles to recover more wounded Afghan soldiers and search for the missing U.S. the corporal tore off his Kevlar helmet and used it to cover the grenade. Cpl Dunham ordered his squad toward the fighting. team members. Corporal Meyer killed a number of enemy fighters with the mounted machine guns and his rifle. He attacked Dunham and then released a grenade. In a country where most were associated with the Shi’ia branch of Islam. as he and his driver made three solo trips into the ambush area.S. In less than 2 months the battle ended. Ramadi and Fallujah. As they halted the vehicles to search for weapons. many of whom were wounded. Disregarding intense enemy fire now concentrated on their lone vehicle. and Operation NEW DAWN began with the goal of advising and assisting Iraqi forces in rebuilding. He bore the full force of the fatal explosion.being hung over a bridge crossing the Euphrates. Al Anbar Province During the first four years of OIF. The Marines. The Marines staged just north of Fallujah. claiming approximately one-third of American fatalities. The city was under complete insurgent control with no American presence since April. Moving into the village. Part of its significance came from the fact that the Western Euphrates River Valley served as an important infiltration route for foreign fighters headed to Iraq’s heartland. personnel and Afghan soldiers fighting their way out of the ambush. On 8 September 2009. Corporal Meyer's daring initiative and bold fighting spirit throughout the 6-hour battle significantly disrupted the enemy's attack and inspired the members of the combined force to fight on. Marine Corps led Operation PHANTOM FURY.org APPENDIX A: Other important operations not expanded upon within this chapter include but is not limited to Operation URGENT FURY (Grenada 1983). some at near point blank range. OIF officially ended. receiving enemy fire as they moved. fortified defensive positions. mortars. Corporal Dakota Meyer maintained security at a patrol rally point while other members of his team moved on foot with two platoons of Afghan National Army and Border Police into the village of Ganjgal for a pre-dawn meeting with village elders. the Anbar Province was the Sunni stronghold that had long provided Saddam Hussein with the support he needed to remain in power. the Anbar Province was the deadliest province for American service members.com/history-heritage http://www. Dunham's brave actions distinguished him as the first Marine to earn the Medal of Honor since the Vietnam War. Corporal Jason Dunham and his men heard gunfire erupt nearby. saving the lives of at least two other Marines in his squad. Despite a shrapnel wound to his arm.cmohs. The New York Times compared this region to the Vietnam War’s Ho Chi Minh Trail. Corporal Meyer took the exposed gunner's position in a gun-truck as they drove down the steeply terraced terrain in a daring attempt to disrupt the enemy attack and locate the trapped U. Marine Corps forces launched Operation VIGILANT RESOLVE to take back control of the city from insurgent forces and later that month the Operation ended with an agreement with Iraq forces. it provided an important base for Al Qaeda and insurgent operations. When one machine gun became inoperable. booby traps and IEDs had been emplaced in preparation to defend against a major American offensive. an insurgent leapt out. team. Sources: http://www. Operation UNITED SHIELD (Somalia 1992-1995). You will NOT be tested on the contents of the Appendix 41 .S. On 2004. Still under heavy enemy fire. the patrol was ambushed by more than 50 enemy fighters firing rocket propelled grenades. U. Elevated sniper positions. At the scene. as foreign fighters and insurgents used the river valley to move in relative safety from the Syrian border to cities like Baghdad. he dismounted the vehicle on the fifth trip and moved on foot to locate and recover the bodies of his team members. In November 2004 U. Without hesitation. Operation JUST CAUSE (Panama 1989). American UAVs observed insurgents conducting live-fire exercises in the city in preparation for the coming attack. he directed a return to the rally point to switch to another gun-truck for a third trip into the ambush area where his accurate fire directly supported the remaining U.S. Within days. During the first two trips.marines. During the early years of OIF.
willing to fight. personally or professionally. it is a moral imperative that drives Marines. is what makes us Marines—it is the hardening of body and mind. Wherever and however our citizens. From diversity. and a Taliban-infested Helmand Province in Afghanistan. Marines have fought in large wars and small. Khe Sanh. and commitment since 1775. no matter how austere the conditions. and mental toughness stay with a Marine long after he or she takes off the uniform. That legacy continues. honing them with a dedication to duty that makes a Marine willing to serve. We serve.WEEK 9: USMC ENDURING PRINCIPLES AND ORGANIZATION I. . Amos. biased for action and accountable. “Marine” means being always faithful to the nation and one’s fellow warriors . Annapolis. a flooded Pakistan. and irregulars. the intertwined nature of our spirit and our actions is so natural that we struggle to tell our story in any other terms. today. To understand the role of the Marine Corps in the nation’s defense. revealed in places like a tsunami ravaged Japan. We temper them in core values —honor. We make Marines. regulars. I do not think the nation would want it any other way. The large number of Marines who have gone on to be successful CEOs. The Marine mindset draws from the special characteristics of the American people. . astronauts. who we are shapes what we do. Chosin Reservoir. Over centuries. but its warfighting philosophy. “Marine” means men and women who know that to lead is to serve. courage. every race. We instill in young warriors the idea that one succeeds by being part of a team. and they are rightly proud to be reminded of the virtue that lies within them. We take the best young Americans and shape them through a crucible of tough training. this nation needs a force ready to respond to today’s crisis with today’s force . We are United States Marines. Indeed. and sometimes wear our pride on our sleeves. and commitment—to make them resilient. failing to achieve success is unthinkable. for we are America’s Marines. We’ve fought them in the air. In special partnership with the world’s finest Navy. What matters most about the Marine Corps is not its warfighting methodology. the courage and fortitude of Marines have made household names of places like Belleau Wood. willing to sacrifice. and always faithful. the legacy of our elders. We polish them to a razor-sharp edge. Our leaders need a ready force that can be committed at a moment ’s notice to buy time for strategic decision-making. USMC 2012 Proceedings. tough. Americans are confident of one thing: their Marines stand ready. Marines come from all walks of life. What happens on the parade decks at Parris Island and San Diego. or interests are threatened. and the pride of our nation. Iwo Jima. “Marine” me ans leaders who are trusted. . We are proud of our heritage. We are proud to defend a great nation. E pluribus unum: from many. any battlefield. disciplined. and how we do it. Naval Institute. strong values. serving a cause greater than one’s self. We have fought pirates. Kuwait City.” Our success is founded on one thing: the Marine Corps ethos and its manifestation in the individual Marine.S. “The Marines have landed and the situation is well in hand. and at all hours. the infusion of discipline and the casting of an indelible esprit de corps. MD 43 . Marines are that force. We have carried a tradition of honor. We make our nation strong. In the information age. at sea. on the ground. insurgents. . We have a well-earned reputation for directness. We prevail on the battlefield. while injustice spreads. from fire-team leader to Commandant. entrepreneurs. executing any mission. you have to start with the individual Marine. Guadalcanal. We are expeditionary. smoothly adapting to the nation’s needs and demands. courage. Building Marines is an investment in the character of our citizenry. The adaptability of Marines to challenges in every clime and place is a hallmark of our Corps. it is the service-defining principle that has brought victory on hundreds of battlefields. – Excerpt from “Who we are” by General James F. while innocents are threatened and global stability is challenged. and political leaders gives evidence that selfless service. or in the hills of Quantico. while tyranny rises and falls. one. Fallujah. allies. every ethnicity. U. and both genders. To Marines. Americans need a force that is ready to move to the sound of chaos. The Marine Corps’ special role in the joint force remains grounded in our ethos. but this belies a subtlety and complexity in our warfighting. the headlines come from all continents. and in cyberspace. a uniformity of character and discipline emerges. Who We Are Marines and amphibious naval forces operate in an expeditionary lane that makes use of position and tempo across the physical domains. and Marjah. Today’s young Marines represent the strength of our youth. university presidents. an imploded Libya. disciplined character. Yet. a shell-shocked Beirut. “Marine” means living hard. For Marines.
Embarkation.IV. Ready and Forward Deployed. Tactical helicopters with fixed wing assets for close air support 3. communications. and offer them the opportunity to serve a cause greater than themselves. operations. It is scalable and adaptive and it provides our Nation with a force capable across the range of military operations. able to operate either from the sea or in sustained operations ashore. We are routinely forward deployed around the globe and stand prepared to respond quickly in times of crisis. The following principles help to further define the cultural identity of Marines in the most basic terms— they express what we believe: Every Marine a Rifleman. ect. artillery. 44 . 4. Logistics Combat Element (LCE): Provides all necessary logistical support to the MAGTF including: Transportation. or to fight in protracted campaigns ashore. Congress directed the Marine Corps’ composition as an air-ground combined arms force. In 1952. medical. Marines live up to the motto. LAV. making it an effective and integrated combined arms force. Medical/Dental. This integrated force. Aviation Combat Element (ACE): Contains aircraft to support the tactical situation. versatile expeditionary force able to respond to a broad range of contingency. chaplain. versatile. known as the MAGTF. Engineering. has unique and incomparable warfighting capabilities. providing the necessary capability to operate effectively. ground. It provides combatant commanders with scalable. Combined Arms Organization. 2.” an integral part of the naval Services — lean. We make Marines. Expeditionary Naval Force. or division) augmented with tank. The Marine Air-Ground Task Force (MAGTF) is the Marine Corps’ principal organization. and Headquarters and Service. and ready. Semper Fidelis. We are organized. Agile and Adaptable. combat engineers and reconnaissance assets. Enduring Principles Principles define fundamental beliefs that form the foundation from which Marines derive their ethos and basic operating instincts. Our MAGTF contains organic air. legal. The Marine Corps’ agility is based on its expeditionary mindset and flexible structure. Our organizational design and training facilitate a seamless transition between these operations. We are faithful to those who fall and we care for our wounded Marines and their families. regiment. This requirement mandates high standards of readiness across the force. It is a middleweight force that lies between our Special Operations Forces and our nation’s heavier forces in the Army with a force that compliments both. flexible. and logistics elements under a single command element. multi-capable military organization. We are stewards of the most important resource entrusted to us— our Nation’s sons and daughters. Every Marine — regardless of military occupational specialty — is first and foremost a disciplined warrior. Marines Take Care of Their Own. trained. imbue them with our Core Values. We can adapt quickly with unparalleled speed across an extraordinary range of military operations. intelligence. and equipped to conduct naval campaigns and operate on and from naval platforms. Marines are “soldiers of the sea. Ground Combat Element (GCE): Infantry (battalion. A MAGTF (regardless of size) is composed of the following four elements: 1. Congress’ intent that the Marine Corps serve as the “force in readiness” was founded on a recognized national need for a force capable of rapid response to emerging crises. Command Element (CE): Administration. logistics. crisis and conflict situations. Basic Structure and Organization The Marine Corps is a task-organized. AAV. III.
AAVs. the Marine Expeditionary Brigade (MEB). a composite aircraft squadron and a support group. Each MEF has one to three Marine Expeditionary Units (MEU) assigned to it that deploy throughout the globe. LAVs.Command Element (CE) Ground Combat Element (GCE) Aviation Combat Element (ACE) Logistics Combat Element (LCE) Four Core Elements of all MAGTF’s Although a MAGTF is a task organization tailored to a specific mission. HMMWVs and 7-ton Trucks 45 . forklifts. the Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU) is our nation's self-contained. the MEU maintains a constant state of readiness. The size and composition of a deployed MEF varies depending on the needs of the mission. built around a reinforced infantry battalion. dump trucks. Marine Expeditionary Force (MEF) The MEF is the largest principal war fighting element in the active force structure of the Marine Corps and is usually commanded by a Lieutenant General. MEU (CE) (GCE) Battalion Landing Team (BLT) Tanks. able to plan and launch a mission within six hours. and Marine Expeditionary Force (MEF). bulldozers. Embarked aboard amphibious assault ships. Howitzers. Mortars. MEF (CE) Marine Division (MarDiv) (GCE) Marine Aircraft Wing (MAW) (ACE) Marine Logistics Group (MLG) (LCE) Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU) In combat and non-combat situations alike. AV8B Harrier Attack Jets (LCE) Combat Logistics Battalion (CLB) Water Purification Units. UH1Y Huey Utility Helicopters. It is routinely deployed with an Amphibious Readiness Group (ARG). Each MEU can be customized but generally includes: The smallest task force unit. TOW and Javelin missiles (ACE) Composite Helicopter Squadron AH-1Z Cobra Attack Helicopters. CH-53E Super Stallion Heavy-lift Helicopters. forward-deployed response force. there are three basic types of MAGTFs: the Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU). MV-22 Osprey Tilt-Rotor Aircraft.
26th MEUs Marine Corps Bases.com http://www.hqmc. 2d Marine Division. 15th MEUs East Coast Camp Lejeune. The four subordinate commands of MARFORRES are the 4th Marine Division.III. New Orleans. 3d Marine Division. The units that comprise the GCE. Each particular unit is “chopped” or attached to a MEU for a period of approximately 18 months. Miramar. Sources: MCDP 1-0: Marine Corps Operations Marine Corps Vision and Strategy 2025 USMC Concepts and Programs 2013 www. Locations Locations of Major Air/Ground Elements West Coast Camp Pendleton. MCAS. CA: 3d Marine Aircraft Wing 11th. 24th. Cherry Point. and the Marine Corps Mobilization Command. 1st Marine Aircraft Wing 31st MEU **MEUs are not standing units. Okinawa.aspx 46 . CA: I MEF.marines. 2d MLG. ACE. Japan III MEF. The command element of a MEU is a standing command. the 4 th Marine Logistics Group. the 4th Marine Aircraft Wing. 1st MLG Marine Corps Air Station (MCAS).mil/cmc/Home. and LCE rotate after each scheduled deployment. NC: II MEF. Louisiana: Marine Corps Reserves (MARFORRES) Serves as the headquarters for all Marine Reservists and Reserve units. 1st Marine Division.marines. 13th. NC: 2d Marine Aircraft Wing 22nd. 3d MLG.
Culture and Mentality The close integration of dissimilar Marine units stems from an organization culture centered around the infantry.WEEK 10: USMC PERSONNEL. This focus on infantry is matched with the fact that “Every Marine is a rifleman. III. http://www. Unlike many Western militaries. All enlisted Marines receive training first and foremost as a rifleman. most officers will get one of their top choices. who come primarily from the senior Non-Commissioned Officer ranks. provide leadership and training in specialized fields and skills.usna. all Marine commissioned officers attend The Basic School (TBS) at Marine Corps Base Quantico. Officer Training Midshipmen who desire a commission in the United States Marine Corps must attend Leatherneck during 1/C summer training block 1. Entry-level MOS schools range in duration from six weeks to 24 months. Warrant Officers. they spend six months learning to command a rifle platoon. There. MOSs are awarded on merit and specific needs of the Marine Corps.com/becoming-a-marine/commissioning-programs Following commissioning. students will have the opportunity to indicate preferences for a Military Occupational Specialty (MOS) as well as a geographical duty assignment. field-grade officers (0-4 to 0-6).edu/USMCInfo/ ROTC Cadets are required to attend PLC or OCS in Quantico prior to commissioning. TRAINING AND INDIVIDUAL WEAPONS I.” Approximately halfway through TBS. Officer Ranks Marine Corps officer ranks are subdivided into company-grade officers (0-1 to 0-3).marines. II. The Basic School is an example of the Corps’ approach to furthering the concept that “Every Marine is a rifleman. The value of this culture has been demonstrated many times throughout history. For example. Marine Aviation has always been focused on close air support and has remained largely uninfluenced by airpower theories proclaiming that strategic bombing can single-handedly win wars. http://www. and generals (0-7 to 0-10). Every other Marine capability exists to support the infantry. all officers receive training as infantry platoon commanders. VA. 47 .” emphasizing the infantry combat abilities of every Marine. the Corps remained conservative against theories proclaiming the ability of new weapons to win wars independently.
The First Sergeant (E-8) and Sergeant Major (E-9) ranks are command-oriented. Marines E-6 and higher are Staff Non-Commissioned Officers (SNCOs). and junior Marines are often assigned responsibility normally reserved for superiors. charged with supervising NCOs and acting as enlisted advisors to the command. Those in the pay grades E-4 and E-5 are Non-Commissioned Officers (NCOs). while Sergeants Major serve the same role in battalions. Globe. before continuing on to their MOS schools. The Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps wears unique chevrons with an Eagle. Marine recruit training is the longest among the American military services. Infantry Marines begin their training immediately at the Infantry Training Battalion (ITB). enlisted Marines then attend the School of Infantry training at Camp Geiger or Camp Pendleton. learning common infantry skills. with Marines of these ranks serving as the senior enlisted Marines in a unit. Master Sergeants (E-8) and Master Gunnery Sergeants (E-9) provide technical leadership as occupational specialists in their specific MOS. They primarily supervise junior Marines and act as a vital link with the higher command structure. at either MCRD San Diego or MCRD Parris Island. and morale and welfare of the unit. The E-8 and E-9 levels each have two ranks per pay grade. or larger units. the Corps’ ethos stresses leadership among all Marines. personally selected by the Commandant of the Marine Corps. Enlisted Ranks Enlisted Marines in the pay grades E-1 to E-3 make up the bulk of the Corps’ ranks. Women only attend the Parris Island depot. battery. each with different responsibilities.S. First Sergeants typically serve as the senior enlisted Marine in a company. while Marines in all other military occupational specialties (MOSs) train for 29 days with Marine Combat Training (MCT). ensuring that orders are carried out correctly. administration. Although they don’t technically hold leadership ranks. flanked by two five-point stars. Marine boot camp is 13 weeks long compared to the U. Enlisted Training Enlisted Marines attend recruit training. or boot camp. or other unit at similar echelon.IV. 48 . squadrons. men attend both. Army’s at 9 weeks. Following recruit training. V. charged to assist the commanding officer in matters of discipline. and Anchor at the center. The Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps is a unique rank conferred on the senior enlisted marine of the entire Marine Corps.
The USMC summarizes its fire team organization with the mnemonic “ready-team-fire. A Marine must maintain muzzle awareness at all times. Each squad consists of three fireteams. Mission The primary mission of a Marine Rifle Platoon is to locate. Rule #2. brush snagging the trigger). Additionally. This rule exists not only for your safety. chamber empty) and verbally stated “clear” by the shooter and also the coach. and continue applying the other safety rules. Treat every weapon as if it were loaded. Negligent Discharge is usually followed by Nonjudicial Punishment. They are: Rule #1. It protects you and fellow Marines from allowing an automatic motor-reflex determine when the weapon will fire. Rifle platoon makeup The platoon is composed of three rifle squads. In addition. A target must be identified before taking the weapon off safe. Rule #4. A target must be identified before moving the finger to the trigger. or more recently the M4 carbine – a compact variant.g. By keeping your finger straight you prevent the reaction of prematurely firing a round prior to positively identifying the target. magazine removed. Never point a weapon at anything you do not intend to shoot. Rifle Platoon Organization The goal of all initial Marine Corps training is to make each Marine a competent element of a Rifle Platoon. Basic Weapons of a Rifle Platoon The basic infantry weapon of the USMC is the M16 assault rifle family. he must treat the weapon as if it were loaded. but also for the others around you. bolt pulled to the rear. this rule acts as a fail safe. with a majority of Marines being equipped with the M16A4 service rifle. the following being the arrangement of the fire team when in column: Rifleman – acts as a scout for the fire team Team Leader – team lead and act as grenadier carrying the M203 grenade launcher Automatic Rifleman – carries the M249 SAW and serves as Assistant Fireteam Leader Assistant Automatic Rifleman – carries extra ammunition and spare barrels for the SAW *The smallest and most efficient tactical element in the Marine Corps. indirect fire is provided by the M203 grenade launcher in fire teams. this four-man team provides sufficient firepower and exceptional flexibility on the battlefield. When a Marine takes charge of a rifle in any situation. These must be strictly adhered to at all times. Keep the weapon on safe until you intend to fire. Before moving from the fireing line on the range each weapon will be cleared by visually inspecting the chamber (safety on. Suppressive fire is provided by the M249 SAW. determine its condition. and destroy the enemy by fire and maneuver or to repel his assault by fire and close combat. 49 . Keep your finger straight and off the trigger until you are ready to fire. close with. VIII. The Four Safety Rules There are four weapons safety rules that have been adopted as a foundation for all Marines. Rule #3. This rule is intended to eliminate the chance of the weapon discharging by accident (e.. Marines depend on the Marines they fight alongside. and nowhere is this commitment more evident—or critical—than in a Marine fireteam.VII.assist”. either as a platoon commander or a platoon member.
56x45mm NATO Weight: 8.56x45mm NATO Weight: 7. Caliber: 5. Point TGT – 500 meters 50 .79 lbs.M16A4 Service Rifle Primary Function: Infantry Weapon Caliber: 5.5 lbs (with 30 round magazine) Effective Range: Area TGT – 600 meters. (with 30 round magazine) Effective Range: Area TGT – 800 meters. Point TGT – 550 meters M4 Carbine Primary Function: Infantry Weapon—less weight and shorter barrel than the M16 making it more appropriate weapon for shorter distances and confined spaces.
yet it isn't so heavy that it sacrifices maneuverability. The M249 is counted on to provide the bulk of each Marine fire team's firepower.edu/USMCInfo/ http://www. Marines use the M203 Grenade Launcher to engage enemies.marines.marines. Point TGT – 800m Sources: https://www.com/becoming-a-marine/commissioning-programs See APPENDIX A of the ProBook for addition information (not testable) 51 . this weapon is carried by each fire team's Team Leader.350m.M203 Grenade Launcher Primary Function: The M203 is a single-shot. (loaded) Effective Range: Area TGT .mil/TBS/WebPages/Echo%20Company. When targets cannot be accessed by direct fire.trngcmd.com/operating-forces/equipment MCRP 3-11.usna.1.56x45mm NATO Weight: 17 lbs. 40mm grenade launcher that attaches to the M16 assault rifle and the M4 Carbine.56x45mm NATO Effective Range: Area TGT .150 meters M249 Squad Automatic Weapon (SAW) Primary Function: The fireteam's automatic weapon.1A Commander’s Tactical Handbook http://www.aspx http://www. Point TGT . providing Marines with the ability to quickly gain and maintain fire superiority. (unloaded) 22 lbs. Caliber: 5. Caliber: 5. Typically.000 meters.usmc.
3. Of n ote. gas turbine. messaging. HF. The surface fleet is able to conduct a myriad of operations in both peace and war-time environments. These varied missions range from homeland security (Operation NOBLE EAGLE) to theatre ballistic missile defense (TBMD) and include the following operations and their associated equipment: 1. via Satellite COMMS. and diesel. Capabilities Advancements in technology and strategy have allowed the surface fleet to become a much more dynamic force. and surface to surface missiles. Anti-Surface Warfare (ASUW) 7. Naval Surface Fire Support (NSFS) 3. Naval forces can arrive quickly and remain indefinitely in the waters around the world. 1. naval forces are a potent deterrent to potential adversaries. 2. LINK 11. Strike Warfare (STW) 9. they are built to specialize in one warfare area but must be able to operate in several additional roles. This presence reminds potential adversaries of the U. aircraft. and material needed to achieve operational excellence and conduct prompt. and Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) employ an angled superstructure. submarines. UHF. Undersea Warfare (USW) 4. making it much more difficult to acquire on radar. and EHF. Nuclear power is utilized to produce steam propulsion on Aircraft Carriers providing unlimited endurance. surface to air missiles. Endurance – Three primary sources of propulsion employed by the Navy are steam. Mobility – Because over two thirds of the world’s surface is ocean and eighty percent of the world’s population lives within 100 nautical miles of the coast. cooperative engagement capability (CEC) and voice transmission.WEEK 11: SURFACE WARFARE I. self-defense weapons. Stealth – Ship classes such as the ARLEIGH BURKE class destroyers. Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) 5. and reduced emissions to significantly reduce the radar cross section of the ship. The two primary means used to provide ships. Electronic Warfare (EW) II. via LINK 4A. SAN ANTONIO class amphibious transporters. land attack. Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD) 8. data and video information from every available source in order to effectively execute the mission. 5. on average a gas turbine ship has an endurance of 6000nm at 20 knots. Range and speed vary based on platform. These ranges are almost unlimited based on the Navy’s unique ability to refuel at sea. sustained combat operations at sea to ensure victory. radar absorbent and reflective material (PCMS). and LINK 16. Modern surface ships possess many unique capabilities listed below. Maritime Interdiction Operations (MIO) 2. and ground forces necessary information for joint missions are: data transmission. manpower. cruise missiles. Ship classes are no longer built around a single mission area. 53 . military’s capability and resolve to enforce international law.S. Communication – The surface fleet utilizes several means of communication in order to provide and employ classified and unclassified voice. 4. Firepower – Includes gun mounts. equipment. Anti-Air Warfare (AAW) 6. training. and to supply those ships and supporting commands with the leadership. Mission Definition To provide combat ready ships to the fleet.
480 Two Nuclear Power Plants. ASUW. AEGIS combat system. Phalanx CIWS. On any given day. Two masts. Two sets of stacks. 340 enlisted Mission Weapons Aircraft Mission Specific Capabilities Crew Size Mission: Modern U. and Rolling Airframe Missiles (RAM) Mission: Aircraft carriers are the centerpiece of America’s Naval forces. Secondary: Strike. Navy guided missile cruisers perform primarily in a Battle Force role. Surface Platforms/Equipment Aircraft Crew Complement Power Plant Armament CVN-68 Nimitz Class Aircraft Carrier 1 Carrier Air Wing (85 aircraft) Ship’s Company: 3. deterrence. Primary: AAW. one aft of each mast. and Surface Warfare (SUW)) surface combatants capable of supporting carrier battle groups. amphibious forces. 2 Mk-41 VLS (1 fwd. 54 . Air Wing: 2. ASW. 5in/54 cal dual purpose guns (1 fwd.350. 1 aft) 2 Mk-16 20mm Phalanx CIWS (port and stbd) 2 Mk-32 NATO torpedo tubes 2 Mk-141 quadruple Harpoon canisters Two SH-60 Helicopters SPY-1D Air Search Radar.S. Undersea Warfare (USW). CG-47 TICONDEROGA Class Cruiser Visual Identification Hurricane bow. Towed Array Sonar 24 officers. forward presence. These ships are multimission (Air Warfare (AW). or of operating independently and as flagships of surface action groups. 1 aft) CG-51 and up. split superstructure with two SPY array faces forward and two aft. aircraft carriers exercise the Navy core capabilities of power projection. BMD (some) 2 Mk 45. Some Aegis Cruisers have been outfitted with a Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD) capability. sea control and maritime security.III. Strike Warfare. 5in/54 cal gun forward and aft. four shafts Multiple NATO Sea Sparrow. humanitarian assistance. with the smaller forward and larger aft.
ASW. Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW). DDG 79 and following (FLT IIA) Mission Primary: AAW. single superstructure. single mast. and underway replenishment groups.FFG-7 OLIVER HAZARD PERRY Frigate Visual Identification Hurricane bow. Secondary. surface action groups. 1 aft). single 5in/54 cal or 5in/62 cal dual purpose gun fwd. helo deck aft Mission Primary: ASW. high-technology threats. AEGIS combat system. They also offer limited capacity for growth. the FFG 7 class is a robust platform. 254 enlisted Mission: DDG 51 warships provide multi-mission offensive and defensive capabilities. and Anti-Surface Warfare (ASUW)] surface combatants. single long box-like superstructure. Helo deck aft. but they have some limitations. Secondary: ASUW. capable of withstanding considerable damage. Guided missile destroyers are multi-mission [Anti-Air Warfare (AAW). two separate sets of stacks (1fwd. aft stack. Despite this. Mk-13 single rail launcher. they lack the multi-mission capability necessary for modern surface combatants faced with multiple. 1 Mk-16 CIWS. 198 Enlisted Mission: The guided missile frigates (FFG) bring a short range anti-air warfare (AAW) capability (provided by their Phalanx Close-In Weapon System) to the frigate mission. The destroyer's armament has greatly expanded the role of the ship in strike warfare utilizing the MK-41 Vertical Launch System (VLS). swept mast. ASUW Weapons Mk-75 76 mm gun mount 1 Mk-16 20mm Phalanx CIWS (aft) 2 Mk-32 NATO torpedo tubes Aircraft Two SH-60 Helicopters Mission Specific Capabilities SQS-56 sonar. 55 . BMD (some) Weapons 1 Mk-45 5in/54 cal or 5in/62 cal dual purpose gun 2 Mk-41 VLS (1/2 cell fwd. DDG-51 ARLEIGH BURKE Class Guided Missile Destroyer Visual Identification Open bow. four SPY array faces on superstructure. Destroyers can operate independently or as part of carrier strike groups. Mk-75 76 mm gun mount. Strike. SQR-19 TACTAS Crew Size 17 Officers. amphibious ready groups. Designed as cost efficient surface combatants. Towed Array Sonar Crew Size Varies based on Modernization : 28 officers. FFGs are in the process of decommissioning and being replaced by Littoral Combat Ships. full cell aft) 2 Mk-16 20mm Phalanx CIWS (fwd and aft) 2 Mk-46 NATO torpedo tubes 2 Mk-141 quadruple Harpoon canisters (DDG-78 and below) Evolved Sea Sparrow Missile (DDG-79 and following) Aircraft 2 SH-60 (FLT IIA) Mission Specific Capabilities SPY-1 Air Search Radar.
ASuW. respectively led by Lockheed Martin and General Dynamics. Mission Mine Warfare Weapons . called Mission Packages. MCM-1 AVENGER Class Mine Counter Measure Ship Visual Identification Small singledeck house. the Freedom variant and Independence variant .Tri-hull Lockheed Martin. wooden hull. General Dynamics. These seaframes will be outfitted with reconfigurable payloads. which can be changed out quickly. Mission packages are supported by special detachments that will deploy manned and unmanned vehicles and sensors in support of mine. classifying and destroying moored and bottom mines.Mono-hull Mission Modular.50 Caliber guns Mission Specific Capabilities Mine hunting specific systems Crew Size 8 Officers. 75 Enlisted Mission: Avenger class ships are designed as mine sweepers/hunter-killers capable of finding. undersea and surface warfare missions.designed and built by two industry teams. ASW.LCS LITTORAL COMBAT SHIP Visual Identification Dual designed for max speed and shallow draft. MIW Weapons 57mm Gun Rolling Airframe Missiles (RAM) 2 Mk-16 20mm Phalanx CIWS (fwd and aft) Mission Specific Capabilities TBD Crew Size 50-85 mission dependent Mission: The LCS class consists of two variants. 56 . crowded decks.
Bahrain in support of 5th Fleet operational tasking. The first variant LSD 41. it had grater cargo carrying capacity. the Pearl Harbor. five . The final ship of the class. Boat/Aircraft crane starboard side Capable of carrying 4 Landing Craft Air Cushion (LCACs). and one Rigid Hull Inflatable Boat (RHIB) platform in the rear. Amphibious Platforms Visual Identification Lift capability Whidbey Island (LSD-41)-Class Dock Landing Ship Solid block superstructure. It was funded in fiscal year 1988. the Harpers Ferry. or 64 AAV.PC-1 Cyclone Class Patrol Coastal Ships Visual Identification Stealthy designed. LSDs also can accommodate a sizable number of troops. Mission Coastal patrol and interdiction surveillance Weapons One MK 96 and one MK 38 25mm machine guns. 57 . Crew 413 crew (22 officers) : Marine Detachment: 402 plus 102 surge. respectively. Execution of upgrade packages is scheduled was begin in 2008 and be completed by 2012. two MK 19 40mm automatic grenade launchers. 1991 and 1993. short vessel with one open mast. was commissioned in May 1998. Their ability to ballast down and flood a well deck makes possible the loading at sea of amphibious warfare craft and their cargo. improved facilities for embarked troops and greater operating range.50 caliber machine guns. IV. Mission: Whidbey Island. an important aspect of littoral operations outlined in the Navy's maritime strategy. three sister ships were funded in fiscal years 1990. The Navy is developing a midlife upgrade program which is designed to extend the ships service life out to 40 years. or 3 LCU. 24 Enlisted Mission: The primary mission of these ships is coastal patrol and interdiction surveillance. a single 25mm gun on the bow. two M-60 machine guns Crew Size 4 Officers. commissioned in 1985. was the first of this new class of versatile durable dock landing ships. Ten of the 13 PC’s are forward deployed about of Manama.
San Antonio (LPD 17)-Class Amphibious Transport Dock Visual Identification Lift capability Crew Two stacks. special operations and expeditionary warfare missions. Exposed life rafts on the hull. Boat and Aircraft crane starboard (stbd) side. 2 LCAC or 1 LCU. UH/AH-1 Hueys on the flight deck. 17 AAVs. The only remaining LPD-4 class ships commissioned are the USS DENVER and USS PONCE (currently assigned to Military Sealift Command) 58 . Capacity for up to 6 CH-46 Sea Knights on the flight deck. Helo hanger on flight deck. 360 ship’s crew(28 officers) + Up to 800 Embarked Troops Visual Identification Lift capability Austin (LPD-4)-Class Amphibious Transport Dock Two stacks. or 1 LCAC and 8 AAVs. single mast. Helo hanger on flight deck. or 1 LCU Crew 426 crew (24 officers) + 900 embarked troops Mission: LPDs are used to transport and land Marines and their equipment and supplies by embarked air cushion or conventional landing craft and expeditionary fighting vehicle or amphibious assault vehicles. Battle bridge and crew bridge. single mast. These ships support amphibious. Capacity 2 CH-53E or 2 MV-22 or 4 CH-46 Sea Knights. Swept fwd mast. Augmented by helicopters or vertical take-off and landing aircraft. 18 AAVs or 14 EFVs in the well deck.
MECHANIZED AND UTILITY . LCUs have both bow and stern ramps for onload/offload and have the ability to operate at sea for up to 10 days. Capable of carrying 3 Landing Craft Air Cushion (LCACs). 125 tons of cargo LCM: 1. LHA-1 TARAWA Visual Identification Lift capability Flight deck along the main deck. 1.” laun ching AV-8B attack aircraft against targets inside Iraq.M48 or 1.LCM/LCU Visual Identification Lift capability Crew Long flat open top.894 embarked troops Crew Mission: The LHDs provide the Marine Corps with a means of ship-to-shore movement by helicopter in addition to movement by landing craft. LHDs serve as “Harrier Carriers. They served as launching platforms for Marine Corps Expeditionary forces to Afghanistan in Operation Enduring Freedom in 2001-2002 and to Iraq in Operation Iraqi Freedom in 2003.M60 tank or 200 troops LCU: 14 cargo LCM: 5 Mission: Landing craft are capable of transporting cargo. LHDs – which have extensive storage capacity and can accommodate LCACs – have participated in major humanitarian assistance and occupation and combat operations.6 AV-8B Harrier attack aircraft. 3 UH-1N Huey helicopters (planned capability to embark MV-22 Osprey VTOL tiltrotors). Sterngate. LCMs have a bow ramp for onload/offload. 12 CH-46 Sea Knight helicopters.108 crew (104 officers) + 1. tracked and/or wheeled vehicles and troops from amphibious assault ships to beachheads or piers. LANDING CRAFT. Superstructure amidships starboard side. LAVs (10) or 400+ troops. near the appearance of a barge LCU: Military Lift: M1A1 tanks (3).LHD-1 WASP. 4 CH-53E Sea Stallion helicopters. Elevator port side. 59 . Largest amphibious warship. 4 AH-1W Super Cobra helicopters.
LPDs and LSDs. balanced war fighting design. Zumwalt Class Destroyer (DDG 1000) provides a broad range of capabilities that are vital both to fighting and winning major combatant operations. providing a 3-fold improvement in naval surface fires coverage. Sources: http://www. The landing craft is capable of carrying a 60 – 75 ton payload. equipment and other material in the surf zone. Two large propellers one port aft and one stbd aft. LCACs are carried by LHAs. integrated multi-function mast. the LHA-6 will be a gas turbine powered ship supporting a Marine Expeditionary Brigade with launch capacity for MV-22B Osprey tiltrotors. The America class(LHA-6) amphibious assault ships are planned to replace the Tarawa class. amphibious landing craft. thus reducing buildups of troops. allowing it to access more than 70 percent of the world’s beach areas. Zumwalt features increased stealth through a composite superstructure. Current Projects 1. eight AH-1Z Vipers. However. improved quality of life. it can serve in the small carrier role.000 tons and carrying a complement of strike fighters. LCAC’s air -cushion capability allows it to proceed inland to discharge cargo on dry. low operations and support costs. ten F-35Bs. DDG 1000 incorporates the use of optimal manning through human systems integration. The first ship is due to be delivered in 2013. over the beach. Construction began on the first DDG 1000 class in February 2009 and three are currently budgeted and planned for. LHDs. including over-land. trafficable beaches. 2. DDG 1000 will employ active and passive sensors and a Dual-Band Radar (DBR) suite capable of conducting area air surveillance. Each ship features a battery of two Advanced Gun Systems (AGS) firing Long-Range Land Attack Projectiles (LRLAP) that reach up to 63 nautical miles. helicopters. The typical aircraft complement for the America class is expected to be twelve MV-22B Ospreys. Based on the USS Makin Island (LHD-8). Lift capability Capable of carrying 24 troops and 1 MBT Crew 5 c Mission: The LCAC is a high – speed. four CH-53Ks and four Navy MH-60S "Knighthawks". survivability. The exact makeup of the ship's aircraft complement will vary according to its mission. DDG 1000 will have a significantly reduced cross section reduction as compared to current destroyers and a much greater operating area in shallow water regions against mines.Landing Craft Air Cushion (LCAC) Visual Identification Large black skirt. LCAC is unrestricted by tides. it will feature greater hangar space. and reduced acoustic signature.asp 60 . and F-35B STOVL strike fighters. VI. it will not have the well decks that are used to house landing craft on the Tarawa and Wasp class amphibious assault ships. At displacement of 45. and adaptability. multi-spectral signature reduction.navy. and surf conditions. To increase the number of accommodated aircraft. beach gradients.mil/navydata/fact. throughout the extremely difficult and cluttered sea-land interface.
Submarine Force has several goals: (1) to maintain its role as the world's preeminent Submarine Force. into WWI because American leaders would not tolerate the threat of unrestricted submarine warfare against civilian shipping traffic. Though her attack was successful. David Bushnell’s Turtle Civil War During the American Civil War. World War I Submarines first made a significant military impact in World War I. which directly precipitated entry of the U. The U. World War II World War II produced significant improvements in the design and operation of submarines worldwide. egg-shaped device accommodated a single man. Germany built a large submarine fleet prior to the war. 1864. However.S. full spectrum expeditionary platform. HMS Eagle (the flagship of British blockaders). Designed and built by the patriot David Bushnell. Confederate forces revived the submarine concept. However. Sidestepping the requirements of the Treaty of Versailles.S. performed the first successful military submarine mission when she sank the USS Housatonic. Mission of the Submarine Force As stated by the CNO's Submarine Warfare Division. some American boats drew assignments to European waters. 1915). The fleet of American diesel submarines was used primarily for coastal defense. Hunley sank following the engagement and her entire eight-man crew perished. supporting the Allied effort to maintain open sea lanes along the European coast and in the approaches to the British Isles. It is thought to be the first submarine capable of independent underwater operation. and the first to use a screw for propulsion. and. II. open-sea operations from the Azores and Bantry Bay in Ireland. after 1917. sea control. Turtel’s attack failed. the CSS Hunley. (3) to promote the multiple capabilities of submarines and develop tactics to support national objectives through battlespace preparation. the hand-powered. On February 18. Their "wolfpack" tactics proved devastating to Allied military and civilian ships in the European theatre. Turtle attempted to sink a British warship. A torpedo fired from a German U-boat sank the ocean liner RMS Lusitania (May 7.S. History American Revolution The first military submarine was the American-built Turtle (1775). the Confederate States Submersible. During the American Revolutionary War. 61 . off Charleston Harbor. moored in New York harbor. (4) to fill the role of the Joint Commanders' stealthy. German submarines (U-boats) were central to the German naval strategy.WEEK 12: SUBMARINES AND UNDERSEA WARFARE I. (2) to aggressively incorporate new and innovative technologies to maintain dominance throughout the maritime battlespace. These boats conducted offensive. the U. Hunley performed her submerged attack using a spar torpedo (an explosive charge mounted on a long pole sticking out of her bow). supporting the land battle and strategic deterrence.
Cold War The Cold War redefined the mission of submarines.000 submariners. Nuclear power continues to afford U.S.S. service branch in WWII. strategic planners parsed the submarine force into two distinct components.3 million tons (including 8 aircraft carriers and over 200 warships). the tear-dropped hull allowed much greater submerged operating speeds and higher propulsion efficiency. These improvements included: (1) the tear-dropped hull shape. Nautilus sailed to the North Pole and shattered virtually every submarine distance. forming the most survivable element of the U. Balao. (2) Nuclear powered propulsion. and Tench classes to score the most complete victory of any force in any theater of the war. SSNs assumed the offensive role of 62 . but soon improved to underwater-launched ballistic missiles. For SSBNs.submarine fleet employed the Gato.S. USS Nautilus During the 1960s. Out of 16. First developed for conventional diesel-electric submarines. submarine fleet.131 enlisted men in fifty-two submarines. Due in large part to the efforts of ADM Hyman Rickover (USNA ‘22). USS Gato in 1944.314 enemy ships for 5. the “Father of the Nuclear Navy. On January 17 th 1955. the submarine force destroyed 1. submarines nearly unlimited operational endurance because they can remain submerged nearly indefinitely—limited only by their capacity to store food. American SSBNs continue to uphold the nuclear deterrence role. Within three years. ballistic missile (SSBN) submarines and fast attack (SSN) submarines. This translated into fifty-five percent of all enemy ships sunk. the United States and the Soviet Union both developed submarine launched nuclear weapons. SSNs assumed the role of protecting SSBNs to ensure successful execution of the nuclear deterrence mission. Against the rising threat of nuclear war with the Soviet Union. In spite of a hesitant beginning due to the attack on Pearl Harbor and difficulties with defective torpedoes. operating in every naval theatre. USS Nautilus (SSN-571). Commanding Officer Eugene Wilkinson spoke the famous words "underway on nuclear power" to launch the first nuclear powered submarine. speed.'s nuclear triad (the other two elements being landbased ballistic missiles and air-dropped nuclear ordinance). the force lost 375 officers and 3. These weapons began as surface-launched cruise missiles. on her maiden voyage.” the Naval Nuclear Power Program was born.S. the highest casualty rate of any U. and endurance record. Equally important. several critical design improvements transformed the U.
and other munitions and supplies. Precision Strike Submarines fire the Tomahawk Land Attack Missile (TLAM). our constantly present nuclear strike capability dissuades other nuclear powers from launching a nuclear attack against the United States. Strategic and Conventional Deterrence Both strategic ballistic missile submarines (SSBN) and fast attack submarines (SSN) participate in the mission of deterrence. rigid-hull inflatable boats (RHIBs). III. Finally. though rarely seen. they suffer from several disadvantages. Special Operations SEALs and other small-unit special operations forces (including joint forces) operate in conjunction with the submarine force. During Operation Iraqi Freedom. the SSN provides an ever-present.detecting and countering any foreign ballistic missile submarines. Some examples of ISR missions include stealthy interception of enemy communications and gathering intelligence on foreign port operations. During peacetime. SSGNs are designed to act as formidable TLAM strike 63 . Until the appointed time. In contrast. submarines can operate independently. submarines can position themselves to capture line-of-sight transmissions (cell phone communications) or observe over-water tests that would otherwise elude detection. The submarine’s ISR capability stems from its stealth. but they also frequently support carrier strike groups. a submarine can enter an area and watch and listen without being counter-detected. SSNs and SSGNs can also collect real-time tactical intelligence for relay to forces ashore and can conduct reconnaissance of coastal areas in advance of amphibious operations. Also. Though the SSN force has been cut by nearly 40 percent since 1994. The dive chambers on SSNs and SSGNs (SSGNs were designed with special operations capabilities specifically in mind) have the ability to “lock-out” special operators while submerged. As a conventional deterrent. surface task forces. the Cold War ended. Because submarines are close to the action. however. and extracting small special operations units when surprise or secrecy is essential. a mini-submersible meant to transport operators from the host submarine to the beach). they can capture signals that are too enveloped in background noise for satellites to detect. both in terms of fiscal expenditure and operational pace. and operate in conjunction with other submarines. The primary role. national defense by providing a flexible forward presence. Responding to the Soviet nuclear threat had been costly. has only lost two nuclear powered submarines. the volume of ISR mission tasking directed to the Submarine Force has more than doubled. Fast attack submarines tracked. Under the doctrine of Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD). The execution of this role by submarines has greatly expanded since the recent conversion of four SSBNs into SSGN submarines.S. Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) Attack submarines perform a broad spectrum of surveillance and intelligence roles. submarines form the ideal platform for inserting. the U. With the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. Intelligence. interest in particular regions and supports U. Satellites and aircraft are also used for ISR.S.S. despite the heavy demands of the Cold War. the Soviets lost a total of nine submarines during the Cold War. forces. to perform the critical job of precision strike. Special operations teams can access the external equipment after locking out and carry it to the beach. of the SSBN continues to be nuclear deterrence. Additionally. However. photographed. the SSN or SSGN can recover special operations units once efforts ashore are complete. a submarine can simply remain quietly submerged. peacetime or otherwise. SSNs and SSGNs can externally carry special operations equipment. and collected acoustic data on Soviet submarines and conducted highly specialized and sensitive missions for national security. They typically have limited stay times. satellites and aircraft are severely limited in their ability to detect underwater activity. Operations/Mission Peacetime Operations Peacetime deployment of submarines helps demonstrate U. In short. submarines were responsible for about one third of Tomahawk cruise missile strikes. either from torpedo tubes or from vertical launch systems (VLS). and their observations are particularly susceptible to weather and cloud cover. The TLAM provides high accuracy and a standoff attack range of more than 650 miles. such as the Dry Deck Shelter/SEAL Delivery Vehicle (DDS/SDV.S. supporting. asset that can exert pressure on any would-be threat with minimal risk to U.
There are three classes of SSNs now in service. fast. and Norfolk. VA.SSN 773) These vessels are being decommissioned at a rate of two per year. San Diego.platforms. and are being replaced by the new Virginia class submarines. Each SSGN can carry up to 154 Tomahawk cruise missiles. and (6) engage in mine warfare. and equipped with advanced sensors. HI. and flight III have bow planes.SSN 23) Commissioned on July 19. West Coast SSNs are home-ported in Pearl Harbor. ASW/ASUW/Sea Denial/ISR/Strike/Offensive Mining MK 48 ADCAP Torpedoes – 4 Torpedo Tubes UGM-109 Tomahawk Cruise Missiles Can fire Tomahawks from (12) VLS tubes or torpedo tubes Outfitted with special mast to conduct ISR 14 Officers. Platforms Fast Attack Submarines (SSN) Fast Attack submarines are designed to: (1) seek and destroy enemy submarines and surface ships. Surveillance. and Reconnaissance (ISR) missions. Los Angeles class submarines are no longer used for special operations missions. and 688I (III)] Seawolf class (SSN 21 -. the equivalent capacity of an entire Carrier Strike Group. (3) project power ashore by delivering and supporting Special Operation Forces. They are: Los Angeles class (SSN 688 -. (5) support Carrier Strike Groups. Due to the increased capabilities of the Virginia class submarines. IV. and Guam while East Coast SSNs are home-ported in Groton. CT. CA. (4) carry out Intelligence. as of 2012. This hull section provides for additional payload to accommodate advanced technology used to carry out classified research and development and for enhanced war fighting capabilities. 64 . well-armed. USS Seawolf (SSN 21) represents the first in a class of boats that are exceptionally quiet. 1997. has a 100-foot hull extension called the multi-mission platform. (2) conduct precision strike with Tomahawk cruise missiles. 120 Enlisted Los Angeles Class Fast Attack Submarine [Left to Right – 688 (I/II). USS Jimmy Carter (SSN 23). Flight II and III have 12 Vertical Launch Tubes in the bow. SSN-688 and 688I Los Angeles class Attack Submarines Visual Identification Mission Weapons Mission Specific Capabilities Crew Size Flight I and II have fairwater planes otherwise referred to as sail planes. The third ship of the class.
(5) traditional periscopes have been supplanted by two Photonics Masts that house color. and (6) through the extensive use of modular construction. 126 Enlisted Seawolf Class Fast Attack Submarine Virginia class (SSN 774 -. (2) significantly longer endurance since fuel is not a limiting factor. All have bow planes. (4) a large lock-in / lock-out chamber for divers. there are a few modern diesel submarines labeled as air independent propulsion (AIP) that produce or carry air for combustion in their diesel generators. high-resolution black and white. The advantages of an SSN over a conventionally (diesel-electric. and (4) capable of sustained submerged operations since it does not have to run a diesel engine at periscope depth or on the surface to recharge batteries. The Virginia class has several innovations that significantly enhance their capabilities with an emphasis on littoral operations. 65 . and commercial off-the-shelf components. (3) a reconfigurable torpedo room. ASW/ASUW/Sea Denial/ISR/Strike/Special Ops MK 48 ADCAP Torpedoes – 8 Torpedo Tubes UGM-109 Tomahawk Cruise Missiles (can hold 50 weapons in torpedo room) Can fire Tomahawks only from torpedo tubes. and infrared digital cameras atop telescoping arms. These include: (1) a fly-by-wire ship control system that provides improved shallow-water ship handling. (2) enhanced special operation forces support systems. thus minimizing advantage (4) above.SSN 784) The Navy is now building the next-generation SSN. open architecture. or a large number of special operation forces and all their equipment for prolonged deployments. (3) higher speeds. the Virginia (SSN 774) class. Nine of the planned thirty are already in service. However.SSN-21 Seawolf Class Attack Submarine Visual Identification Mission Weapons Mission Specific Capabilities Crew Size Larger than the Los Angeles Class. SSK) powered submarine are (1) longer range. Tapered front of sail. 14 Officers. the Virginia class is designed to remain state-of-the-practice for its entire operational life through the rapid introduction of new systems and payloads. which can house either torpedoes and Tomahawks cruise missiles.
There is only one type of SSBN in service. Tapered front of sail. ASW/ASUW/Sea Denial/ISR/Strike/Offensive Mining/Special Ops MK 48 ADCAP Torpedoes -. Ohio class SSBNs have the capability to carry up to 24 submarine-launched ballistic missiles (SLBMs). Contains modules that can be replaced based on the specific mission requirements. The exact number of missiles carried by each boat varies in a classified manner. West Coast Boomers are home-ported in Bangor. smaller than Seawolf class. each having multiple independently-targeted warheads.S. 120 Enlisted Virginia Class Fast Attack Submarine Ballistic Missile Submarines (SSBN) Since the 1960s. All have bow planes. They are designed specifically for stealth and the precision delivery of nuclear warheads. and East Coast Boomers are home-ported in King’s Bay.SSN-774 Virginia Class Attack Submarine Visual Identification Mission Weapons Mission Specific Capabilities Crew Size Larger than Los Angeles class. at or below a maximum set by various strategic arms limitation treaties. WA. The Ohio class is the largest type of submarine ever constructed for the U. “Boomers. 66 .” as SSBNs are often called. GA. providing the United States with its most survivable and enduring nuclear strike capability. and is second only to the Russian Typhoon-class in mass and size. strategic deterrence has been the SSBN’s primary mission. serve as a virtually undetectable launch platform for intercontinental ballistic missiles. Navy.4 Torpedo Tubes UGM-109 Tomahawk Cruise Missiles Can fire Tomahawks from VLS tubes or torpedo tubes. the Ohio class submarine. 14 Officers.
one Ohio class SSGN would carry an entire Carrier Strike Group's equivalent of cruise missiles. WA. SSGNs can also carry the Dry Deck Shelter/SEAL Delivery Vehicle (DDS/SDV). West Coast SSGNs are home-ported in Bangor. On each SSGN. 140 Enlisted Ohio Class Ballistic Missile Submarine Guided Missile Submarines (SSGN) The first four of the Ohio-class SSBNs were converted into guided missile submarines (SSGN). clandestine platform. Armed with tactical Tomahawk Land Attack Missiles and equipped with superior communications capabilities. East Coast SSGNs are home-ported in King's Bay. The SSGN conversion includes the installation of vertical launching systems (VLS) in a configuration dubbed "multiple all-up-round canister" (MAC). giving the ship remotely controlled "eyes & ears. The MAC tubes can also be used to carry and launch UAVs or UUVs.SSBN-726 Ohio Class Ballistic Missile Submarine Visual Identification Mission Weapons Mission Specific Capabilities Crew Size Fairwater planes otherwise known as sail planes Large “turtleback” hull design Hull stays dry while riding on the surface Primary: Strategic Deterrence Secondary: ASW/ASUW/Sea Denial/ISR 24 Trident II D5 SLBM Tubes MK 48 Torpedoes -. Ohio class SSGNs provide the Navy with a combination of precision strike and special operation mission capability within a stealthy." allowing the ship to act as a forward-deployed command & control center. for a total capacity of 154 TLAMs. Large platform and deck allows for potential special ops after completion of strategic mission. Like SSBNs. GA. 22 of the 24 missile tubes hold 7 Tomahawk cruise missiles. An SSGN can berth a team of 66 SOF personnel for up to 90 days. each SSGN is capable of directly supporting dozens of Special Operation Forces (SOF). in support of SOF. If the maximum number of TLAMs were loaded. which alternate to increase the platform's operational tempo.4 Torpedo Tubes Carries up to 24 SLBMs. 67 . 15 Officers. The 2 remaining missile tubes act as lock-out chambers to be used by Special Forces personnel. SSGNs also use two crews.
SSGN-726 Ohio Class Guided Missile Submarine Visual Identification Mission Weapons Mission Specific Capabilities Crew Size Fairwater planes otherwise known as sail planes Large “turtleback” hull design Hull stays dry while riding on the surface ASW/ASUW/Sea Denial/ISR/Strike/Offensive Mining/Special Ops MK 48 Torpedoes -.4 Torpedo Tubes UGM-109 Tomahawk Cruise Missiles -.S. or from a Vertical Launch System (VLS. Large Tomahawk Cruise Missile payload for precision strike. some are configured to release combined effects bomblets (anti-airfield). but all SSNs carry the Mk-48 ADCAP. The ADCAP modification includes improvements in speed and accuracy.Maximum 154 Specialized to support SOF missions. subsonic cruise missile used for land attack warfare. 66 SOF personnel Ohio Class Guided Missile Submarine Concept V. inventory. UGM-109 Tomahawk Cruise Missile The Tomahawk Land Attack Missile (TLAM) is an all-weather. It is an acoustic-homing torpedo. more sophisticated SONAR. and increased range. submarines can launch the Tomahawk cruise missile either from a standard 21" diameter torpedo tube. The most common Tomahawk cruise missile is a conventional 1. unitary warhead. 15 Officers. Virginia class. and SSGN submarines). A single Mk-48 is capable of sinking most of the world’s warships. However.000-lb. SSBNs carry the original Mk-48 torpedo. 144 Enlisted. 68 . The Mk -48 follows a pre-programmed search routine and uses an active seeker head to hunt and destroy its target. having its own onboard SONAR to seek and destroy enemy contacts. all digital guidance and control systems. and can be controlled by a guidance wire from the submarine. long range. Combat Systems Weapons Mk-48 and Mk-48/ADCAP (ADvanced CAPability) Torpedoes The Mk-48 is the principal heavyweight Anti-Submarine and Anti-Surface ship torpedo in the U. creating a steam void below the ship that breaks the ship’s keel. U.S. used by the improved Los Angeles class. The torpedo is designed to detonate underneath a ship.
the submarine emits a pulse of sound. 69 . Commercial-Off-TheShelf (COTS) based processors and OSA allow onboard computing power to grow at nearly the same rate as commercial industry. The ARCI program is a phased effort to provide the submarine force with a common SONAR suite. submarine force is called Acoustic Rapid Commercial-Off-The-Shelf Insertion (ARCI.000 nautical miles. Onboard computers interpret the reflected pulse to determine the bearing and range to a contact. more capable and flexible than earlier designs. The pulse travels through the water. a submarine uses SONAR (SOund NAvigation and Ranging). SONAR can function in two modes: active (used less frequently) and passive (constantly employed). Trident II is launched by the pressure of expanding gas within the launch tube.S.like the noise generated by a merchant's engines. outward extension that reduces frontal drag by about 50 percent. a telescoping.class SSBN submarines. The Trident II (D5) is a three-stage. or the noise of another submarine's screw chopping through the water. each carrying up to 24 missiles. Each missile carries multiple nuclear warheads. Trident Missile Launch from SSBN Sensors SONAR Unless it is using its periscope. ARCI’s open-system architecture (OSA) exploits commercial processing developments and employs complex algorithms that could not previously be accommodated. By identifying known features on the ocean floor. but it relies on acoustic signals rather than electromagnetic signals. solid-propellant ballistic missile with a range of more than 4. which launch from the missile and are independently targeted. This facilitates regular updates to both software and hardware with minimal impact on submarine scheduling. spoken “AR-key”). to locate the ocean floor. reflects off the target and returns to the submarine. When the missile attains sufficient distance from the submarine.Tomahawk Cruise Missile Launch from SSGN Trident II (D5) Submarine-Launched Ballistic Missile (SLBM ) Trident II (D5) missiles are deployed in Ohio. a submerged submarine has no optical window to the outside world. There are many variants of SONAR hardware and software. a submarine can keep track of its location. To locate contacts. the aerospike extends and the boost stage begins. the first stage motor ignites. In active SONAR. SONAR is similar to RADAR. housed in multiple independent re-entry vehicles (MIRVs). and for targeting purposes. Passive SONAR involves passively listening to sounds -. The missile’s range is increased by the aerospike. SONAR is also used for navigational purposes. The most advanced SONAR suite in the U.
which builds the tactical picture and communicates with the submarine’s weapons. Submarines also have a battery and an Emergency Diesel Generator for backup. Fire Control sends the electrical signals to the torpedo tube to launch the weapon. At the time of fire. Navy Submarines are powered by pressurized water reactors. This steam is used to propel electric turbine generators for power and main engines for propulsion. The secondary loop uses the heat transferred from the primary via the steam generators to create steam. After shooting. Basic Pressurized Water Reactor Power Plant Schematic The career pipeline for submarine officers includes 6 months of schoolhouse nuclear training. 6 months of handson training at a shore based reactor. The fusion of this information is managed by the control-room watch team. 70 . new officers are expected to run a division of 10 to 20 sailors and maintain other collateral duties. The power plant is comprised of a primary and a secondary loop.S. Fire Control is also used to plan cruise missile strikes and it downloads the flight plan and targeting information to Tomahawk cruise missiles prior to launch. 3 months of basic submarine training and then a rigorous qualification program onboard. Steam exhaust from turbines is condensed in a heat exchanger with seawater and then sent back to the steam generators via feed pumps. When it becomes necessary to shoot a torpedo. Fire Control is used to program the torpedo with the appropriate pre-set parameters for the environment and the contact. All submarine officers and nuclear trained crewmembers are required to pass monthly exams as part of a continuous training program. torpedoes still connected by wire. It tells the weapon where to look for the target and how to get there. Nuclear Propulsion and JO Career Pipeline All U. Fire Control implements algorithms to help determine the most likely range. The primary loop uses pumps to circulate purified water through a reactor core and steam generators. the periscopes. Fire Control continues to update the torpedo with refined targeting solutions via the torpedo’s guidance wire.Fire Control This computer system takes raw data from various sources including multiple SONAR systems. course and speed of each contact from all of the raw inputs. and manual inputs. In addition to qualification. radio. V.
mil/navydata/cno/n87/links.navy.navy.com/books?id=bCEDAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA84&dq=popular+science+July+1946&hl=en&ei=hc 3oTO6dCYvonQfQu5iaDQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=bookthumbnail&resnum=10&ved=0CE4Q6wEwCTgU#v=onepage&q&f=true ARCI: http://www.asp?category_id=17 Sonar: http://books. NY or Charleston.navy.mil/view_gallery.mil/navydata/cno/n87/n77. SC NPTU Ballston Spa.html 71 .navy.mil/navydata/cno/n87/future/arci. CT Division Officer Sea Tour 32-34 mo Post JO Tour Shore Duty Lv Lv ~6 mo ~6 mo ~10 wks 24-30 mo SSN SSBN SSGN Submarine Junior Officer Career Pipeline Sources Mission/History: http://www.Basket Lv Nuclear Power School Charleston.navy.google. SC “Prototype” SOBC Groton.html SSN/SSBN/SSGN/Mk48/Trident/Tomahawk: http://www.mil/navydata/cno/n87/biblio.html Reading List: http://www.html Photos: http://www.
The Navy's interest in airplanes as a naval weapon dates back to 1898 when several naval officers became members of an inter-service board tasked to observe and investigate the military potential of the new flying machine. naval officer observers were present at the public demonstrations staged by the Wright brothers. Since 1914. then disappearing with equal swiftness. The first naval air station was located in Annapolis at Greenbury Point in 1911. History During the twentieth century. few military organizations played a more crucial role than Naval Aviation. The capabilities of modern naval aircraft are vast enough to not be limited to use in one specific mission. it was the performance at the battle of Midway that solidified their position of importance. 73 . track. subsurface. In times of peace. but it wasn’t until WWII that naval aviation gained prominence. The first aircraft carrier. USS Langley. LT Ellyson demonstrated the ability to launch a plane utilizing a newly devised compressed air catapult. Naval aviation has also been at the cutting edge of aerospace expeditions. Ellyson became the first naval officer selected for flight training. and Enduring Freedom to humanitarian assistance at home and abroad. From that point onward. naval aviators turned the war in the Pacific from defensive to offensive. aircraft carriers replaced battleships as the decisive weapon. From operations in Desert Storm. projecting their powerful air wings over vast expanses of water. the producer of the first practical hydroplane and early aircraft developer. The common link for those who participated in this exciting history was their training in Pensacola. and numerous “journeys of discovery” into outer space. II. was commissioned in 1922 by converting an old collier to a flat top ship. destroy or neutralize enemy platforms and airborne weapons. Mission Naval aircraft support all missions and operations of the U.WEEK 13: NAVY AIR WARFARE I. or land platforms. LT Theodore G. striking with surprise at enemy fleets and land bases. the carrier and its battle group provided American political leaders a flexible and potent way to respond to regional crises wherever and whenever American vital interests were threatened. The mission of naval aviation is to detect. Naval aviation has continued to grow in distinction and popularity over the past few decades. While naval aviation saw action in both European and Pacific theaters. During maritime conflicts. such as the first successful crossing of the Atlantic by an aircraft. Ely would later become the first pilot to successfully land an aircraft on the deck of a ship. In 1910. Ellyson underwent instruction with Glenn Curtiss. Florida. "Where are the carriers?" has been the first question asked by American presidents at the start of every national security crisis since the end of World War II.S. naval aircraft and aircraft carriers have assumed prominent roles and responsibilities. Having destroyed all four Japanese carriers. Naval aircraft did see action in WWI. Navy. Iraqi Freedom. exploration of the Arctic and Antarctic. As such. In 1908 and 1909. having successfully completed training. the center of the fleet became the aircraft carrier instead of the battleship. It was a Curtiss pilot by the name of Eugene Ely who made the first shipboard takeoff from the USS Birmingham in 1910. it is there that young student naval aviators and naval flight officers learned and mastered the unique demands of flying naval aircraft. Just one year later. surface. whether launched by the enemy from air.
This type of mission includes hunter/killer operations to ensure task force protection and to keep our coastal waterways safe. 4. flying. CLOSE AIR SUPPORT (CAS) 5. ANTI-SURFACE WARFARE (ASU) 3. Providing air cover and support is an important function of naval aviation in modern. COMMUNICATION. naval aviators provide support with various aircraft and weapon systems. Fixed wing naval aviation assets can be further classified into one of two groups: Carrier Aviation or Maritime Aviation. and maintaining all of their aircraft in support of the mission at hand. COMBAT. technical warfare. IV. AND INFORMATION WARFARE (C5I) 7. MINE WARFARE (MIW) 10. Naval Aviation Organization Naval aircraft are grouped together in squadrons. Search and rescue operations. In general. Search and rescue helps reduce the number of lives lost. Operations The primary function of naval aviation is to closely coordinate with other naval forces in maintaining command of the seas while also establishing dominance in the airspace surrounding vital interests. Rapid logistic support for ground forces. aircraft are developed with specific missions in mind. During sea missions. Accomplishing this task involves five areas of focus: 1. SURVEILLANCE. COMMAND. COMPUTERS. AND RECONNAISSANCE (ISR) 9. COMBAT SEARCH AND RESCUE (CSAR) 6. the possibility of a downed aircraft or man overboard always exists. Every type of squadron is designated with a two or three-letter abbreviation describing what missions and aircraft the squadron flies. Naval aviation has the equipment and logistics in place to support the mobility of ground forces through assisting in transportation and delivering necessary supplies. Within these categories.III. or military units composed of a number of similar aircraft. Aid and support operations during amphibious landings. Eyes and ears of the fleet. CONTROL. 2. Naval aviation conducts its primary mission through the following operations: 1. Protection against submarine attack. From the beginning to the end of each operation. Anti-submarine warfare operations go on continuously for the deployed task force and along our country’s shoreline. ANTI-AIR WARFARE (AAW) 2. 5. 3. Each squadron is composed of officers and enlisted tasked with planning. STRIKE WARFARE (STW) The numerous naval aviation operations are carried out by multiple aviation platforms. INTELLIGENCE. Naval aviation has over-the-horizon surveillance capabilities that provide vital information to our task force operation. Squadron Letter Decoder Letter Meaning Letter Meaning V Fixed Wing Q Electronic or Reconnaissance H Rotary Wing R Logistics W Warning P Patrol A Attack F Fighter 74 . The following tables will help decode these designators. ANTI-SUBMARINE WARFARE (ASW) 4. LOGISTICS SUPPORT OPERATIONS (LOG) 8. there are two categories of aircraft: Fixed Wing and Rotary Wing.
This is commonly done in three different ways: Type Wing A type wing oversees the non-deployed operations of aviation squadrons. Each community has its own type wing. logistic support.1 VAW Squadron (E-2C Hawkeye) . and are usually not deployable.1 VRC Detachment (C-2 Greyhound) . the head of each air wing came to be known as. both fixed wing and rotary wing. not the Commanding Officer of the carrier. The composition of the air wing can always be altered to fit the deployment requirements of the carrier.1 VAQ Squadron (E/A-18G Growler) . embarked onboard an aircraft carrier. Examples include STRKFITWING (Strike Fighter Wing) and ACCLOGWING (Airborne Command Control and Logistics Wing). Carrier Air Wings were known as Carrier Air Groups. located at major bases. logistics. destroyers. Additionally.4 VFA Squadrons (F/A-18C/D Hornet and F/A-18E/F Super Hornet) . the Commander of the Air Group (CAG). Carrier Air Wing A Carrier Air Wing (CVW) is composed of all of the individual squadrons.). Detachments Often times. and HSM helicopters can be detached to independently acting surface vessels or destroyer squadrons. and patrol squadrons do not deploy as a whole. Type wings are land based. A typical modern Carrier Air Wing is composed of the following squadrons. etc. helicopter. VRC aircraft detach to deploy with a Carrier Air Wing. deploying aircraft are called a detachment and are assigned to a different deploying unit. which assists in providing training. putting the wing at approximately 70 aircraft: . The CAG holds the rank of Captain and reports directly to the Commander of the Carrier Battle Group. the HSM squadron often shares its helicopters with the other ships in the Carrier Battle Group that can support helicopters (cruisers.Squadron Abbreviation Decoder Squadron Type Meaning VAW Carrier Airborne Early Warning VP Maritime Patrol VFA Fighter / Attack VAQ Electronic Attack VQ Fleet Air Reconnaissance VRC Fleet Logistics Support HSM Helicopter Maritime Strike HSC Helicopter Sea Combat HM Helicopter Mine Countermeasures Individual squadrons are often grouped together with other squadrons and surface units to accomplish their mission. but always follow the regulations and rules of engagement of the unit they a re assigned to (example: VP detachment to 5th Fleet.1 HSM Squadron (SH-60R Seahawk) The VRC detachment includes two aircraft from the original VRC squadron designated to supply logistical support solely for the carrier on which they are embarked. Until 1963. thus. 75 . When squadrons execute detachment operations. and materials for each squadron. and is still called. those assigned to the detachment still fall under their home squadron’s rules. HSM detachment to CVN). For example. When this is the case.1 HSC Squadron (SH-60S Seahawk) .
Single seat cockpit.WEEK 14: NAVY AIR WARFARE PLATFORMS I. 1 Pilot Pilot: Responsible for all operations to include aviating. E: 1 Pilot F: 1 Pilot / 1 NFO as a Weapons System Officer (WSO) Pilot: Aviating. The Hornet is an exceptional fighter. protect friendly forces and engage in sustained independent operations in war. navigating. and weapons employment F/A-18 E/F Super Hornet The F/A-18 E/F has been introduced into the fleet to replace the F-14 Tomcat and the older F/A-18 Hornets. Fixed Wing Aviation Carrier Aviation Mission: To provide a credible. Weapons Employment WSO: Weapons systems operations. as well as a superb strike aircraft. Carrier Air Wing Elements: Strike Fighter (VFA) Role: AAW / STW / CAS / ASU Distinguishing Features: Crew: Responsibilities: Role: AAW / STW / CAS / ASU Distinguishing Features: Crew: Responsibilities: F/A-18 A/C Hornet The F/A-18 Hornet is the Navy’s combat tested maritime strike fighter. however. drop precision ordnance. and escort itself back home. to operate as the cornerstone of joint/allied maritime expeditionary forces in times of crisis. Single (E model) or Dual (F model) seat cockpit. weaponeering and timing of strikes 77 . 35% larger surface area than the Hornet. both in maneuberability and weaponry. and an improved electronics suite when compared to the original Hornet. It can typically escort itself to the target. Rectangle shaped air intakes. independent forward presence and conventional deterrence in peacetime. the Super Hornet has a greater range. the Super Hornet is a maritime strike fighter. Like the “legacy” Hornet. and to operate and support aircraft attacks on enemies. Oval shaped air intakes. higher service ceiling. sustainable. larger payload. communications. increased reliability.
Electronic Attack (VAQ) Role: C2W / STW Distinguishing Features: Crew: Responsibilities: EA-18G Growler Modified from the F/A-18F and designed to replace the aging Prowler fleet. and threat avoidance. Growlers are planned to fully replace Prowlers onboard Carrier Air Wings by 2015. carrier-based tactical battle management. airborne early warning. 2 Pilots / 3 NFOs Pilot: Aviating. sensor operator. and command and control aircraft. navigating. Growlers have already began integration into the VAQ community. NFO: Mission Commander. Large rotating radar dome on spine of aircraft. Twin turboprop engines. Airborne Command and Control 78 . Dual seat cockpit. Rectangular shaped air intakes. Jamming pods on wing tips. 1 Pilot / 1 NFO as Electronic Warfare Officer (EWO) Pilot: Fly aircraft and evade possible threats. EWO: Navigate and operate weapons systems including jammers and AGM-88 HARM missiles. the EA-18G retains some of the combat capabilities of the Super Hornet while performing all of the operations of the EA-6B aircraft. Airborne Early Warning (VAW) Role: CCC /C2W / INT Distinguishing Features: Crew: Responsibilities: E-2C Hawkeye The E-2C Hawkeye is the Navy's all-weather.
Maverick. one Navigator / Comms Officer (NAVCOM) Aircrew: Operates optical / acoustic / non-acoustic sensor systems. High wing. and passengers between carriers and shore bases. surveillance. The aircraft possesses strike capabilities with SLAM. the P-3C's mission has evolved in the late 1990s and early 21st century to include intelligence/surveillance/reconnaissance (ISR) of the battle space. and unguided munitions. either at sea or over land.based forces.Fleet Logistics Support (VRC) Role: LOG Distinguishing Features: Crew: Responsibilities: C-2 Greyhound Provides critical logistics support to Carrier Strike Groups. long-range. and other U. Large Magnetic Anomaly Detector (MAD) boom protruding from aft of aircraft. 3 pilots / 2 NFOs / 4-6 Enlisted Aircrew / nominal crew is 12 total Pilot: Responsible for the safety of flight during all mission phases. anti-submarine warfare (ASW) patrol aircraft. mail. and reconnaissance missions in a maritime role under the command of land. 79 . 2 Pilots / 2 Enlisted Aircrew Pilot: Aviating and safety of aircraft and crew Co-Pilot: Navigating. Its primary mission is carrier onboard delivery (COD) of cargo. friendly nations. NFO: One Tactical Coordinator (TACCO) that typically serves as the Mission Commander. Twin turboprop engines.S. Maritime patrol and reconnaissance promotes regional security and enhancement of theater security cooperation through close interoperation with allied forces. Also carries airborne launched torpedoes. Maritime Elements: Patrol (VP) Role: ASW / ASU / STW/ CCC / INT Distinguishing Features: Crew: Responsibilities: P-3C Orion Originally designed as a land-based. Communication Aircrew: Loadmasters for cargo and passengers Maritime Aviation Mission: To conduct global patrol. 4 large turboprop engines. military services.
3 pilots / 2 NFOs / 3-6 Enlisted Aircrew Pilot: Aviating and safety of the aircraft and aircrew. Boeing 707 airframe with 4 large turbofan engines. The first operational flight took place in early 2012. integration began in July 2012. Two large turbofan engines with flat nacelle bottoms. Boeing 737 airframe. SSBN’s. ICBM’s. 3 Pilots / 3 NFOs as Navigators/ Airborne Communications Officers (ACO) / 10 Enlisted Aircrew Pilot: Responsible for the safety of flight during all mission phases. Tankers) by relaying emergency action messages. ACO: In charge of Communications Central. May act as Mission Commander. one Navigator / Comms Officer (NAVCOM) Aircrew: Operates advanced sensor systems. May act as Mission Commander. The United States Navy plans to acquire 117 total aircraft. the P -8 will be able to expand upon the missions of the Orion. Releasing Authority for all message traffic. NFO: One Tactical Coordinator (TACCO) that typically serves as the Mission Commander. Fleet Air Reconnaissance (VQ) Role: CCC Distinguishing Features: Crew: Responsibilities: E-6 A/B Mercury TACAMO (Take Charge and Move Out): TACAMO links the nation’s commanders with the nuclear forces (Bombers. Derived from Boeing’s successful 737 aircraft line.Role: ASW / ASU / STW/ CCC / INT Distinguishing Features: Crew: Responsibilities: P-8A Poseidon The P-8A Poseidon is currently being phased in to the fleet to replace the aging P-3C aircraft. Antenna pod on spine of aircraft. Aircrew: Operation and maintenance of mission systems in-flight 80 . Raked wingtips. Flying duties include aerial refueling and operating in unmanned airfields.
Helicopters carry out missions ranging from cargo and personnel transport to Combat Search and Rescue (CSAR). multiple protruding antennas over fuselage and wings. 3 pilots / 3 NFOs / 14 Enlisted Aircrew Pilot: Responsible for the safety of flight during all mission phases. The primary missions of the Romeo are anti-submarine and anti-surface warfare. P-3 with canoe-like dome on spine and underbelly of aircraft. The Romeo has updated radar and sonar systems. surface surveillance. or mine countermeasures operations. It uses sensitive receivers and high-gain dish antennas and exploits a wide range of electronic emissions from deep within targeted territory. 1Pilot / 1 Co-pilot as Airborne Tactical Officer (ATO) / 1-2 Enlisted Aircrew Pilot: operate aircraft ATO: supervise tactical situation/direct pilot and sensor operators Aircrew: act as sensor operator/runs radar and sonar computers 81 . vertical replenishment. Forward rear-wheel location. and will adapt the “dipping” sonar found on older Se ahawk variants. Rotary Wing Aviation The workhorses of the Navy. Radar dome under nose. while others play vital roles in sea control. Ancillary missions include search and rescue. and command and control operations. May act as Mission Commander. Door on starboard side only. rotary wing aircraft employ over 70% of Naval Aviators. NFO: One Senior Evaluator (SEVAL) that typically serves as the Mission Commander.Role: INT / C2W / CCC Distinguishing Features: Crew: Responsibilities: EP-3E Aries II SIGINT (Signals Intelligence): The Navy's only signals intelligence reconnaissance aircraft. II. counter-narcotics operations. Low pylon mounts. a glass-cockpit configuration. one Tactical Evaluator (EVAL) that is the SEVAL Trainee. one Navigator / Comms Officer (NAV COM) Aircrew: Operates the various sensor systems and normally two in-flight techs. Helicopter Maritime Strike (HSM) Role: ASW / ASU / LOG/ SAR Distinguishing Features: Crew: Responsibilities: MH-60R Seahawk The MH-60R is the current helicopter employed by the HSM community.
1Pilot / 1 Co-pilot / 2 Enlisted Aircrew Pilot: Operate aircraft Co-pilot: Navigation/Tactical mission control Aircrew: Crew Chief/Aerial Gunners and Ground Rescue Element in CSAR Helicopter Mine Countermeasures (HM) Role: Distinguishing Features: Crew: Responsibilities: MH-53E Sea Dragon Airborne Mine Countermeasures (AMCM). Aft rear-wheel location. Gunner’s window behind cockpit. The Future of Naval Aviation Carrier Aviation: While the mission and objectives of carrier aviation will closely remain the same. Large cargo doors on both sides.Helicopter Sea Combat (HSC) Role: ASU / SOF / CSAR / MIW Distinguishing Features: Crew: Responsibilities: MH-60S Knighthawk The MH-60S is similar to prior Seahawk variants used by the HSC community but boasts updated avionics and a glass cockpit system. 99 feet in overall length 6 or 7 rotor blades depending on variant. direct pilot and sensor operator Aircrew: sensor operator. communicating Co-Pilot: supervise tactical situation. act as loadmasters III. The aircraft is primarily used for search and rescue and vertical replenishment. with secondary missions of vertical shipboard delivery and assault support. Capable of maritime strike and HA/DR (Humanitarian Assistance Disaster Relief). the equipment with which the Navy conducts the mission will continually develop as new technology emerges. No radar dome under nose. 2 pilots / 1-2 Enlisted Aircrew Pilot: aviating. 82 .
Variants of the F-35 will be used by the Air Force (AVariant). The UCAV concept will allow for an unmanned or optionally-manned aircraft to compliment the F-35C in future Carrier Air Wings. The Broad Area Maritime Surveillance (BAMS) program will employ around 40 UAVs starting in 2015 to complement the P-8A Poseidon in the maritime patrol mission and are currently executing surveillance missions similar to the P-3C Orion.Aircraft Carrier CVN-21 marks the next generation of aircraft carriers. was chosen to fill this role. The first of this new line of super-carriers will start with CVN-78 (FORD class) with a planned delivery of 2015. and precision targeting support for ground. Marine Corps (B-Variant). The Northrop Grumman X-47B is a demonstration Unmanned Combat Air Vehicle (UCAV). Unmanned Systems A number of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have been under testing and development for use by the Navy. and sea forces. 83 . While capabilities will remain closely the same. The Fire Scout is designed to provide reconnaissance. Strike Fighter (VFA) The F/A-18 E/F Super Hornet will be joined by the F-35C Lightning II as the replacement for the aging F/A-18 A/C starting in 2013. The Northrop Grumman MQ-8 Fire Scout has already deployed as a test platform with a number of surface vessels to investigate the feasibility of unmanned rotorcraft operations. With extended range and endurance and lacking the limitations of a human onboard. Some of the key upgrades include electromagnetic catapults (Nimitz class carriers use steam generated from the nuclear reactors) and advanced arresting gear. a maritime derivative of Northrop Grumman’s RQ-4 Global Hawk. Airborne Early Warning (VAW) With significant radar and avionics upgrades. The MQ-4C Triton. Two aircraft are currently being tested. the much improved E-2D Advanced Hawkeye will soon be starting to replace the older E-2C models. the BAMS will extend the reach of the current VP community. as well as a number of international partners. situational awareness. and plans indicate that carrier launches and landings will be conducted by the end of 2014. and Navy (C-Variant). air. new technology and equipment will improve the affordability and flexibility of this enormous asset.
1984.navalaviationmuseum.navair.navy.htm 84 .org Commander Naval Air Forces: www. prepared by BMCS Neif F. United States Government Printing Office. Washington. D.mil/index.Sources: http://www. 1984. www. D.C.history.navy. Naval Education and Training Development Center (pub).cfm Airman Non-resident Training Course NAVEDTRA 14014. Naval Orientation NAVEDTRA 16138-H. Washington.navy.C. Padgham.cnaf.mil/ US Naval Aviation History (1910-1995). revised 2003. United States Government Printing Office. revised 1984.mil/branches/usna1910. Naval Education and Training Development Center (pub). National Naval Aviation Museum: www.
85 . II. The Navy has moved away from “dumb” ordnance and towards precision guided weaponry. and SLAM-ER allow aircraft to drop guided ordnance exclusively while cruise missiles. Cruise missile strikes from surface combatants can be conducted independently or integrated with other types of strike. Purpose of Strike Warfare Strike warfare gives the US Navy an offensive power projection capability that can be used either by itself or in combination with expeditionary forces. When used in conjunction with expeditionar y forces. and rockets delivered by naval surface forces in support of amphibious operations. These methods include naval gunfire. The Importance of Precision The key to modern strike warfare is precision. II. strike warfare can be used to support tactical objectives of ground combat units. a precision strike package can have the objective of disrupting refinery production for a certain number of days. JSOW. as well as attacks aimed at disrupting enemy infrastructure and command. This allows strike planners to create a number of desired effects with a strike package. Precision weapons employment mitigates the possibilities of fratricide and limits overall collateral damage. Most cruisers and destroyers have strike-capable cruise missile systems. Cruisers and destroyers can conduct shore bombardment with 5-inch guns at ranges of over 10 nm. missiles. specific aim points within a target can be selected for destruction in any given sortie. which can disrupt the enemy’s forces. These guided systems are of limited use without precise information about the targets. Soldiers and Marines in urban environments rely heavily on strike assets to provide both a timely and accurate response. Mission Definition Strike Warfare is the use of tactical aircraft and/or cruise missiles against land targets in an offensive power projection role. strike warfare can be used to attack key enemy infrastructure and command and control elements.WEEK 15: STRIKE WARFARE I. For example. Basic Overview of Strike Options Naval Surface Fire Support (NSFS) NSFS is conducted in association with expeditionary warfare and comprises all methods of attacking shore targets with surface ship weapons systems. it makes possible precision guided strikes on enemy targets. are also precision guided weapons. In either capacity. When used by itself. a strike of cruise missiles from combatants and tactical attack aircraft from a carrier is an effective combination. specifically the TLAM. since delivering ordnance to the strike area did not ensure that the target was destroyed. With the introduction of all precision weaponry. Precision strike capabilities are vital in today’s current War on Terrorism. Newer weapons such as the JDAM. New technologies combine both satellite imagery along with long range radar maps of the targets to provide clear targeting data for the GPS and INS guided strike weapons to follow. Instead of bombing a refinery until it is taken out of service. St rike aircraft are continually tasked with providing Close Air Support (CAS) to friendly forces in the forward theaters of operation. From World War II to Persian Gulf I air raids were designed as multi-day operations that would repeatedly return to a target until it was sufficiently damaged.
Suppression of Enemy Air Defenses (SEAD) The objective of this type of operation is to neutralize enemy anti-aircraft abilities to allow general air superiority over a target area. This can be specifically achieved by destroying either air defense weaponry such as missile and guns, or by destroying enemy radar and thereby effectively blinding anti-aircraft weapons. Tactical Aircraft (TACAIR) Aircraft that can be fitted to serve in an attack role. The F/A-18 C/D and E/F are all capable of conducting any type of strike mission, and can carry all airborne weapons listed below. The EA-6B Prowler plays an essential role in the suppression of enemy air defenses (SEAD) in support of strike missions.
Cruise Missile A cruise missile is an unmanned, self-propelled, guided weapon delivery vehicle that sustains flight through aerodynamic lift over most of its flight path. The primary cruise missile currently used by the Navy against on-shore targets is the Tomahawk Land Attack Missile (TLAM). Advantages Greater Payload Target Selection Capability Flexibility Battle Damage Assessment Can be used for Close Air Support/Armed Reconnaissance missions Reusable Deep Strike Capability No chance of losing pilots High Accuracy Multiple launching platforms Disadvantages Human component Shorter Range (without refueling) Limited Deep Strike Capability
Tactical Aircraft (TACAIR)
No Battle Damage Assessment No target selection capability Small Payload High cost per shot (~$1 million)
IV. Airborne Weapons
High-speed Anti-Radiation Missile (HARM) HARMs use a passive seeker that homes on the emitted electromagnetic radiation of enemy radar. They are effective as a Suppression of Enemy Air Defense (SEAD) weapon, able to home in on land and sea-based search and Surface to Air Missile (SAM) guidance radars, effectively blinding enemy anti-aircraft systems.
Standoff Land Attack Missile, Extended Range (SLAM-ER) This weapon was developed from the Harpoon anti-shipping missile and is intended for use on land targets. It uses GPS for mid-source guidance and infrared for terminal guidance, in addition to data link capabilities that allow human course correction during flight. Its range is over 150 nautical miles and it is useful against well defended targets where aircraft might be at risk.
Joint Stand-Off Weapon (JSOW) JSOW is a glide weapon that uses GPS satellite information for guidance. It has stand-off capability from 15 nautical miles for a low altitude launch to up to 40 nautical miles with a high altitude launch. It is designed to be effective against both land and sea targets in any daylight and weather conditions. It uses INS/GPS guidance for midcourse navigation and infrared guidance for terminal homing.
Laser Guided Bombs (LGB) LGB’s have a laser seeker that guides the bomb onto its target. The target must be “painted” with a laser, which can be done by the launching aircraft, another aircraft, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), or ground units. With the
target “painted” the laser seeker in the nose of the bomb guides on the reflected laser light and follows this path directly to the target.
Joint Direct Attack Munition (JDAM) JDAM is a kit that is installed to bombs in the existing inventory. It uses a GPS/INS guidance system. An advantage over LGBs is that it has the ability to attack point targets in bad weather, extending the scope of potential aircraft operations. It can upgrade several types of “dumb” bombs that are currently in the Navy’s inventory. The weapon can be released from any altitude with the aircraft moving in any direction (climbing, descending, level flight, banking, etc.)
V. Types of Warheads
Airborne bombs can have many different types of warheads suitable for use on different types of targets. Many of these ordnance types can be fitted with the JDAM kit to enhance their capabilities. In addition, the JSOW can carry many of these different types of warheads. General Purpose Bombs GP bombs are the most basic, inexpensive type of ordnance used in strike warfare. A computer onboard the aircraft determines when the aircraft should release the bombs; once they are released, gravity takes over, and they arc down toward their targets. Iron bombs are used most effectively against unhardened structures.
Retarded General Purpose Bombs High drag general purpose bombs are similar to the “Slick” iron bombs with one extra feature. Attached to the bomb casing is a high-drag tail assembly that decreases the speed of the bomb when it is dropped, allowing the dropping aircraft to escape the blast area when flying at low altitude. The high-drag tail assembly uses either a “ballute” (parachute like bag) or metal vanes to produce the high drag. High drag bombs are effective against the same targets as the “Slick”, or low drag, GP bombs.
A delayed-action fuse ignites the gases. The various types of cluster bombs are made to carry a wide range of different bomblets. structures. and roof of the structure. incinerating the target area. they are more effective against spread-out targets. In addition it can be launched by all US attack submarines. In the open air. dispensing many smaller shaped-charge bomblets. Tomahawk Land-Attack Missile (TLAM) The Tomahawk is a long-range cruise missile developed by the US Navy for both surface and submarine launch against land targets. However. and flatten soft structures. especially in the nose. radar sites. the bomb breaks open. This fireball of burning gas rapidly expands. achievement of preset depth. T he TLAM can be launched from the Mk-41 VLS launcher carried on the CG-47 Ticonderoga-class cruisers and DDG-51 Arleigh Burke-class destroyers. blowing apart the walls. or specially designed vertical launch tubes. It can be set for a variety of modes which will trigger from various conditions such as detection of a void. each suited to attack certain targets. in an enclosed space. The bomb casing is made thicker and from higher strength steel. forming a highly explosive mixture. this is sufficient to set off mines. and personnel. causing the contaminated air to burn. Some of the 89 . personnel. Penetrator Bombs These bombs are specifically designed for hardened or subterranean targets. either from torpedo tubes. and runways.Cluster Bombs Cluster bombs are free-fall bombs that deploy multiple “bomblets” on a target area. Fuel Air Explosive Bombs When dropped. VI. such as armor. TLAM C designates the “conventional” unitary warhead and TLAM D designates the “dispenser” warhead for bomblet delivery. When a cluster bomb is dropped on a target. Since these bomblets fall over a relatively large area. the bomb releases gases into the atmosphere. or time delay from impact. parked aircraft. the effect is magnified. Penetrator bombs also frequently have larger warheads to do more damage to well fortified or deeply buried targets. A Hard Target Smart Fuse (HTSF) uses an accelerometer and timer to determine when to detonate. floor.
with their ballistic missile tubes replaced by TLAM vertical launch tubes.fas. Terrain Contour Matching (TERCOM). Digital Scene Matching Area Correlation (DSMAC) and Global Positioning System (GPS). Guidance Guidance systems for the Tomahawk consist of an Inertial Navigation System (INS).SSBN-726 Ohio-class ballistic missile submarines have been converted to cruise missile launching platforms.org/man/dod 90 . Sources: http://www.
Capable of destroying most light-armored vehicles. Typically. mechanized and enemy infantry forces. The MK19 rapidly fires explosive 40mm grenades. Ammunition: 7. the lightest weapons often carry the day. suppressive fire support is required. dual-purpose M430 40x53mm grenades Weight: 72. the tripod is employed when the weapon is to be used for defensive situations. as maneuverability is one of the primary assets of a Marine fireteam.5 pounds Weight with tripod: 120 pounds Maximum effective range: 1. there are few weapon systems as effective as the MK19 Mod 3 Automatic Grenade Launcher.WEEK 16: USMC WEAPONS. or when precise fire is needed in support of maneuver units. When high-volume. VEHICLES AND AIRCRAFT M240B Medium Machine Gun Purpose: The M240 Machinegun provides Marines with a continuous and high rate of fire to engage long-range targets. The bipod is always attached and is suitable for use while patrolling. protecting supply convoys and even defending against hovering rotary aircraft. It is a heavier automatic weapon than the M249 Squad Automatic Weapon (SAW) but provides a faster rate of fire and a longer effective range. making it an ideal weapon against armored. Ammunition: High-explosive. the MK19 provides Marine infantry battalions with the means to deliver massive direct fire or indirect fire from hidden positions.500 yards Nearest safe distance to launch: 75 meters in combat/310 meters in training 91 .62mm Weight with bipod: 24 pounds Maximum effective range with tripod: 1800 meters Maximum range: 3725 meters Can be mounted on tanks and light armored vehicles MK19 Mod 3 Automatic Grenade Launcher Purpose: At the smallest unit level.
light armored vehicles and slow. 44 pound tripod) Length: 65. In fact. Marines can begin moving to a different area before the missile even reaches its target. 92 .50 caliber rounds Weight: 124 pounds (84 pound gun. and perhaps no weaponry provides a better combination of both than the FGM-148 Javelin Anti-tank Missile. after firing the Javelin. This weapon can be used effectively against enemy personnel.. Ammunition: .50 Caliber Machine Gun Purpose: The Browning . preventing the enemy from discovering their position. low-flying aircraft.13 inches Maximum effective range: 1829 meters with tripod mount FGM-148 JAVELIN Purpose: The greatest assets to Marines fighting on the ground are maneuverability and firepower.50 Cal Machine gun provides Marines with automatic weapon suppression fire for offensive and defensive purposes.
The round slides down the base of the barrel where it strikes the firing pin located inside the base cap. optically tracked wire-guided anti-tank missile capable of penetrating armor 30-inches thick at more than 3. the mortar round falls to the target. producing the gas pressure that drives the round up and out of the barrel.000 meters. The flame from the exploding cartridge ignites the propelling charge. portable artillery. After it has reached its apogee. indirect fire on a target. delivering mortar fire in timely response to the ground units they support. With 60mm and 81mm mortars.BGM-71 TOW Missile Purpose: Tube launched. Types of Mortars: 60mm mortars are organic to the rifle company and have a range of 3500 meters. 60mm Mortar 81mm Mortar Purpose: Marines are known for their exceptional ability to work cohesively as a unit. personnel and fortifications Smoke rounds – Effective as a screening or signaling round Illumination rounds – Effective in night missions requiring illumination of an enemy target 93 . Marines work together to provide constant and accurate high-angle suppressive fire on targets they may not be able to even see. high into the air. mortars are fired by dropping each round into the muzzle. Marine mortar teams locate targets by converting chart data to firing data. and nowhere is this more evident than when mortar teams are providing effective. 81mm mortars are an asset of the infantry battalion and have a range of 5700 meters. Features: Serving as lightweight. Both mortars can fire: High Explosive (HE) shells (several varieties) – Effective against lightly armored targets.
M777 Howitzer Purpose: Marines on the ground rely on the Marines by their side. automatic transmission. but they also depend on Marine support from long range. lighter (9. the Marine Corps began fielding the M777. Marine HMMWVs are truly multipurpose vehicles. 94 . M240 or M249 machinegun. 3 speed. TOW missile system carrier and even ambulance. Four-wheel drive. serving such functions as command and control. A must for equipment in an expeditionary force. the howitzer is also highly deployable. there hasn't been a Marine vehicle more utilized for a wider variety of missions than the Marine HMMWV. towed weapons mover. 7-ton trucks are used to move the M777s. High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV) Purpose: Since the mid-1980s.000 pounds lighter) and more maneuverable towed cannon weapon than its predecessor. Marine HMMWVs have several kits that can be easily installed to meet the requirements of each mission. accurate and continuous firepower in support of Marine Infantry forces.50 cal. resulting in improved transportability and mobility without impacting range or accuracy. Features: 6. enabling Marine artillery units to move faster between positions. troop transport. Fording capable with deep-water fording kit installed. V8 diesel engine. able to be lifted externally by both the MV-22 Osprey and CH-53E Super Stallion. a much smaller. Operating on every area of the battlefield. For Marine units requiring specific vehicle configurations. In 2005. shelter carrier.2 Litre. independent rear suspension. The M777 Lightweight 155mm howitzer provides timely. Armored plating and bullet-resistant glass can be mounted. armament carrier. Can be mounted with the M2 .
command and control. With numerous variants and a proven track record on the battlefield. Includes two 4-barrel smoke grenade launchers Mine-Resistant Ambush-Protected (MRAP) Vehicle Purpose: With V-shaped hulls. Marine Light Armored Vehicles combine speed. 360-degree traversing turret. carry communications equipment and provide a weapons platform. armored glass offer unparalleled protection. 95 . versatile and reliable.5 mph on land. the LAV-25 has also earned this reputation. mountainous and urban terrains. the LAV isn't just part of a combined arms force —it is one.or 8-wheel drive. Features: Can drive in 4. reconnaissance and assault. Blast-resistant underbodies and layers of thick.Light Armored Vehicle (LAV) Primary function: Marines are known for being adaptable. maneuverability and firepower to perform a variety of functions. the Mine Resistant Ambush Protected Vehicle (MRAP) has proven to be the single most effective counter to Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs). Powerful diesel fuel engine. Can reach speeds of 62. while all-terrain suspension and runflat combat tires ensure Marines can operate in complex and highly restricted rural. Operated by a crew of three Marines. Armed with 25mm cannon and two M240 machine guns. including security. Able to operate on land and in water. raised chassis and armored plating.
Operates at speeds of 45mph on land. AAVs are highly mobile. 2 six-barreled smoke grenade launchers. Designed to assault any shoreline from the well decks of Navy assault ships. Features: Bulk of firepower comes from its 120mm smoothbore main gun. The principal battle tank of the Marine Corps. Assault Amphibian Vehicle (AAV)-7 Purpose: From ship to shore to objective. no equipment better defines the distinction and purpose of Marine Corps expeditionary capabilities than the AAV-7 Amphibious Assault Vehicle. the first vehicles to land during beach raids and assaults. 8-10 knots in water. Speeds top out at approximately 41 mph. Can fire on land and water. tracked armored amphibious vehicles that transport Marines and cargo to and through hostile territory. Features: Typically." but exceptions can be made when "heavily armored" and "heavily armed" are also part of the description. Eight smoke grenade launchers. Six periscopes provide 360-degree view. Powered by a 1.000 pounds of cargo. All-welded aluminum hull protects crew from small arms fire. At close to 70 tons.50 cal machinegun and 40mm grenade launcher.M1A1 Abrams Tank Purpose: Marine equipment is not typically described as being "heavy. 96 . Operated by a crew of four Marines. the M1A1 Abrams is among the heaviest tanks in the world. the M1A1 provides armor-protected firepower in support of Marine ground forces.500 horsepower gas turbine power plant system. Can transport 10. Can be outfitted with Mine Clearance Line Charges. Ammunition is stored in a blowout compartment for crew safety.50 cal machine gun and two M240 machine guns. Turret armed with . Can carry 21 combat-loaded Marines and 3 crewmembers. but it more than makes up for its heft with tremendous firepower and surprising maneuverability. Enough fuel to drive 300 miles inland. Mounted guns include a M2 .
Now. situational awareness and a 360-degree field of fire support for advancing ground forces. the Marine utility helicopter of choice is truly a microcosm of Marine Aviation. 97 . the AH-1 has played a major role in every U. Whether it's providing cover for advancing ground forces or escorting assault support helicopters en route to a landing zone. combat Marines can engage under the watchful eye of close air support. rockets and 20mm cannon fire on targets otherwise inaccessible. and Aerial Reconnaissance. Command and Control. utility helicopters will continue to support Marines for decades to come. Features: Able to project multiple missiles. with the power to keep up with the larger helicopters they escort.AH-1Z Super Cobra/Viper Purpose: No aircraft defines the role of close air support better than the Marine AH-1 Super Cobra/Viper. military conflict since Vietnam.S. With low-flying AH-1s aimed in on the hostile street ahead and hovering UH-1s covering adjacent rooftops.50 caliber and 7. armament and tactical situational awareness to fight in close proximity with our Marines below. Features: When outfitted with door-mounted . Marine UH-1s arm MAGTF commanders with unprecedented response. Equipped with enhanced navigation displays that distinguish friends from enemies. Assault Support. the AH-1Z is called on when Marines need firepower from the air. the Marine AH-1 is the perfect example of why Marine Aviation has been called "flying artillery. A case study in Offensive Air Support. Currently. all Marine UH-1N Hueys are being replaced with fourbladed UH-1Y Venoms featuring upgraded glass cockpit avionics." UH-1Y Huey/ Venom Purpose: No single aircraft provides a better blend of all six Marine Aviation functions than the Marine UH-1. Today it continues to provide the precision.62 machine guns and teamed alongside AH-1s. a new satellite data link network. data transfer systems that deliver real-time aerial reconnaissance to Marines on the ground and composite rotor blades and tail booms that can withstand 23mm cannon fire. a 125% boost in payload and 50% increase in range and speed.
fly-by-wire flight controls. Features: Armed with window-mounted . chaff and flare dispensers for anti-air defense. and has the armament. Though powerful enough to lift every aircraft in the Marine inventory except the KC-130. a top Marine commander went as far as to say it turned his battle space "from the size of Texas into the size of Rhode Island. the Marine CH-53E is commonly called on for assault transport of Marine ground forces. digital cockpits. the CH-53E Super Stallion is compact enough to deploy on amphibious assault ships. but perhaps what's most amazing about the largest military helicopter in the U.S. 16 tons of cargo 50 miles and back." Features: Designed for expeditionary assault. an in-flight refueling probe for limitless range and a forward-looking infrared (FLIR) imager for night and all-weather navigation. In-flight refueling. speed and agility to qualify as much more than a heavy lifter. or enough combat-loaded Marines to lead an assault or humanitarian operation.CH-53D/E Sea Stallion/Super Stallion Helicopter Purpose: The heavy-lift helicopter of the Marine Corps can carry a 26. and short takeoff and landing capabilities. the Osprey greatly enhances the advantages Marines have over their enemies. raid operations.cargo lift and special warfare. MV-22 Osprey Tiltrotor Purpose: With the speed and range of a turboprop. it is the rapid resupply of Marines at the forefront that makes the Super Stallion one of the most used aircraft in Marine Aviation. 98 . the maneuverability of a helicopter and the ability to carry 24 Marine combat troops twice as fast and five times farther than previous helicopters. Vertical takeoff and landing. Commenting on its advanced expeditionary capabilities and staggering operational reach. Though longrange insertion missions are standard protocol for this Marine workhorse.50-caliber machine guns. is what it achieves despite its size. The Osprey's impact was felt immediately upon its arrival in Iraq. Built with composite materials.000-pound Light Armored Vehicle.
Marine Prowlers are equipped with five tactical jamming pods. the twin-engine. all-weather. or a combination of both. cluster and laserguided bombs. air control and the calling card of Marine Aviation: close air support. day or night Marine jet can be used for fighter escort. electronic surveillance systems. radar-seeking HARM missiles. their defenses are reduced to expensive but useless metal. sort. or turn it off. jam and destroy air defenses leaves the enemy with two options: leave the radar on.F/A-18 Hornet Purpose: A basic tenet of all Marine aircraft is the requirement for usability in multiple missions. Able to be quickly configured for fighter or attack missions. they have to send a signal. Either way. AMRAAM and Sidewinder air-to-air missiles. enemy air defense suppression. Features: With external and internal weapon stations able to deliver Sparrow. The Marine Prowler's ability to detect. and the methods by which these signals can be exploited are numerous. non-kinetic fire systems that leave electronic equipment disabled but intact. air-to-ground munitions in the form of Harpoon and Maverick missiles. and a 6-barrel 20mm gun in the nose section for extremely close encounters. But to acquire a signal. reconnaissance. EA-6B Prowler Purpose: It is the ability of the EA-6B Prowler to neutralize enemy air defenses that enables Marines to gain the air superiority needed for mission success. Features: Information isn't allowed to return to an enemy's radar because EA-6Bs intercept it first. classify. 99 . and countermeasures that mask the approach of our nearby ground-attack aircraft. Enemy air defenses rely on early warning radar to indicate an impending air strike. and the Marine F/A-18 upholds this doctrine. general purpose. few aircraft in the world are counted on as heavily as the F/A-18 Hornet. and it is the electronic warfare equipment arming Marine Prowlers that illuminates these electronic footprints.
Recently. range 68 miles. Features: Remotely piloted. 3-wheel landing gear. the RQ-7B Shadow keeps an eye above the battlefield for extended periods of time. indirect fires adjustment. One such aircraft. fuel and cargo where needed. It is during the mission of tactical aerial refueling. The Shadow enhances the capabilities of Marine commanders across the spectrum of military operations and was first deployed during Operation Iraqi Freedom in September 2007. Marine Aviation must be able to deliver Marines. Launched from a trailer-mounted pneumatic catapult. Answering the call is the Marine KC-130 Hercules. the KC-130 Hercules can resupply austere battle zones. RQ-7B Shadow Purpose: The recent development and fielding of Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) has delivered even more capabilities to our Marines. gross weight 375 lbs. With the ability to deliver air-to-ground Hellfire missiles. precision-guided bombs and 30mm auto-cannon rounds. insert ground troops and perform medevac operations. surveillance. the first armed version of the Marine KC-130 was employed—named the Harvest HAWK (Hercules Airborne Weapons Kit). Conducts reconnaissance. max speed 135 mph. relay communications and assist in target acquisition. Equipped with electro-optical and infrared (EO/IR) sensors. that the Marine KC-130 has earned the reputation for being best in the world. battlefield damage assessment and rear area security support. target acquisition. Marines in the air now have another way to support Marines on the ground.KC-130J Hercules Purpose: To achieve the global reach and rapid deployability our nation requires. Total endurance time up to 6 hours. however. Sources: http://www. Features: Able to carry more than 12. the RQ-7B Shadow. provide a Direct Air Support Center. Designed to provide reconnaissance. Video and laser targeting is used to locate enemy positions. constantly relaying information between Marine air and ground controls.000 gallons of fuel and simultaneously refuel two aircraft at 300 gallons a minute.com/operating-forces/equipment 100 . the Hercules has been called the workhorse of Marine Aviation. is deployed in squadrons as an asset of the Marine Expeditionary Force or Marine Expeditionary Brigade. communications relay payloads and laser designators. A tactical tanker/transport aircraft that stretches more than 90 feet in length and 130 feet wing to wing. Fixed.marines.
Naval Special Warfare (NSW) forces have participated in every major conflict since then including: Operation JUST CAUSE in Panama. close quarters combat (CQC). Special Reconnaissance involves counter-sniper operations. combat search and rescue. clandestine. Organized as the maritime component of US Special Operations Command (USSOCOM). Their requirement was solidified by actions in Vietnam where they advised Vietnamese forces. trained. and Underwater Demolition Teams. go to http://www. hydrographic reconnaissance. volunteer operators put through rigorous training programs like BUD/S and SWCC School respectively. combat swimmer ship attacks. To read more about the history of Naval Special Warfare. Special operations differ from conventional operations in degree of physical and political risk. independence from friendly support. and dependence on detailed operational intelligence and indigenous assets. Naval Special Warfare Missions Direct Action Short-duration strikes and other small-scale offensive actions taken to seize. operational techniques. Example: Operation Neptune Spear (Osama bin Laden raid) Special Reconnaissance Acquiring information concerning the capabilities. mode of employment. Operation RESTORE HOPE and TF RANGER in Somalia. intentions and activities of an enemy. Under Water Demolition Teams (UDTs) would conduct hydrographic reconnaissance and destroy beach obstacles.html. 101 . supported and directed by external forces. equipped. and helped rescue downed pilots. SEAL Teams One and Two were established to conduct counter guerilla warfare and clandestine operations. Example: Prior to an amphibious assault by Marines during the Second World War. These operations often require covert. II. through and with surrogate forces that are organized.navsoc. Kennedy. and listening and observation posts. to the Balkans to Haiti to heavy action in both Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom. and visit board search and seizure (VBSS). Direct Action involves ambush. Warfare Definition Special Operations is characterized by the use of small units with the unique ability to conduct military actions that are beyond the capability of conventional military forces. destroy. Air and Land) and SWCC (Special Warfare Combatant-Craft Crewmen) personnel. The backbone of NSW has consisted of SEALs (Sea. Unconventional Warfare Operations conducted by. History and Traditions Emerging from the foundation set by Scouts and Raiders. and other conflicts from South America. or low visibility capabilities. conducted Direct Action missions. capture or recover in denied areas. Naval Special Warfare has become a leading operational asset in the current war on terror. modern SEAL Teams were first commissioned in January of 1962 by President John F. Naval Combat Demolition Units.navy. III. Unconventional Warfare involves training foreign guerrilla forces or other clandestine operations. Operations DESERT SHIELD/STORM in Iraq and Kuwait.mil/History.WEEK 17: NAVAL SPECIAL WARFARE I.
with physical strain culminating during Hell Week when candidates typically only sleep 4 hours over the course of the week and run over 200 miles. land navigation.Example: Operation Gothic Serpent (Battle of Mogadishu). also referred to as the Trident. demolitions and tactics. demolition. urban warfare. Operation Phantom Fury (Battle of Fallujah) Counter Terrorism Counter Terrorism involves the prevention. High Altitude Low Opening (HALO) parachute training. SEAL Qualification Training (SQT): Provides the basic tactical knowledge necessary to join a SEAL platoon. the Trident and are assigned to a SEAL Team. water competency. After completing SQT. patrolling. highlighted by Hell Week. Resistance. Training involves extreme environment survival techniques. Foreign Internal Defense NSW offers training and other assistance to foreign governments and their militaries to enable the foreign government to provide for its country’s national security. officers are expected to lead throughout the training. as well as open and closed circuit diving. Evasion. the Maersk Alabama was hijacked by Somali pirates. the culmination of BUD/S with an emphasis on small arms training. designed to make students confident in the water. medical training. Foreign Internal Defense involves training the security forces of other nations in areas such as internal peacekeeping/law enforcement. BUD/S (Basic Underwater Demolition/SEALs) is the first step towards becoming a SEAL. Basic Orientation: A three-week course that introduces candidates to Coronado Naval Special Warfare Center. Second Phase. New SEALs then report to their command and could be deployed overseas to combat shortly thereafter or enter the Troop training cycle. 102 . deterrence. graduates must complete SQT (SEAL Qualification Training). and response to terrorism. which lasts up to 12 months or more. teamwork and hydrographical reconnaissance. with officers and enlisted training together. IV. After finishing BUD/S. Instructors introduce physical conditioning. rappelling. These operations are continuously ongoing around the world. cold weather training as well as SERE (Survival. Each week is harder than the previous. Navy SEALs neutralized the armed pirates and rescued the captain. an 18-month work-up in preparation for deployment. Escape) training. Navy SEAL Training The training of Navy SEALs consists of two major training periods BUD/S and SQT. and many other skill sets. BUD/S: First Phase: A seven-week curriculum centered on physical fitness. Example: March 1962. The training takes place in Coronado. sailors will receive the NSW warfare designator. small unit tactics. land navigation. BUD/S is comprised of First Phase. holding the ship’s captain hostage. Second Phase: A seven-week combat diving phase that introduces candidates to combat swimming. Each phase is designed to severely test the candidate’s leadership and physical and mental abilities. mental tenacity. border defense. Upon graduation from SQT. marksmanship and small unit tactics. the obstacle course and other skills necessary for the officers and enlisted personnel to succeed at BUD/S. and Third Phase. demolition. where students become proficient in open and closed circuit diving. Students also qualify with static line parachute operations as well as HALO (High Altitude Low Opening) and HAHO (High Altitude High Opening) operations. counter-drug operations and military strategy. Third Phase: A seven-week course that focuses on basic weapons. Example: In April 2009. The course covers weapons training. In addition to the daily physical challenges at BUD/S. CA and lasts at least 6 months consisting of three phases each 7 weeks long. Sailors receive the Naval Special Warfare designator. SEALs acted as advisors and instructors for the Army of the Republic of Vietnam commandos.
This phase formally introduces candidates to the SWCC lifestyle and familiarizes trainees with all aspects of the physical requirements. or on foot. VI. SDV Teams train for the same missions as other SEAL Teams. lasting 3 weeks. VA) Naval Special Warfare Group 3: SEAL Delivery Vehicle Team 1 (Pearl Harbor. clandestine reconnaissance and combat gunfire support. Special Boat Team (SBT) Special Boat Teams are manned by Special Warfare Boat Operators (SB). SEAL Officers lead these various units. and combat casualty care. Their primary missions include. engineering. 7 (Coronado. During this phase. CA) Naval Special Warfare Group 2: SEAL Teams 2. and lasts 5 weeks. All Special Warfare Boat Operators are Enlisted personnel or Warrant Officers. This phase culminates in a 3-day event called “The Tour”. an all enlisted force commonly known as “boat guys”. 4. but focus specifically on insertion and extraction using this specialized platform. Navy surface ships and submarines. bay. The second phase is SWCC orientation. The final phase of SWCC training is Crewman Qualification Training (CQT) and lasts 20 weeks. Junior SEAL officers and/or SWCC Chiefs often command 8-man SBT detachments like the 11m MCADS (Maritime Craft Aerial Delivery System) an airdropped boat package for quick overthe-horizon interdiction operations. The first phase is Awaiting Instruction Phase (AIP) a 6-week rotational phase aimed at improving mental toughness and physical conditioning of SWCC candidates. 10 (Little Creek. combat proven enlisted SEALs is challenging for newly trained officers. CA and is only available to enlisted personnel. candidates are tested weekly with timed runs and swims in the pool. candidates learn intermediate levels of seamanship and navigation and begin learning about various weapon systems. During this phase. 3. These craft normally operate in detachments of two boats with crews. SWCC Training Special Warfare Combatant Craft Crewmen training consists of four phases in Coronado. The platforms they use include the Mk-V. senior enlisted provide backing and sound advice for young JO’s. SEAL Officers then progress to Platoon Commander (LT) and Troop Commander (LCDR). 5. SBs support and perform maritime special operations in open ocean. they become proficient in marksmanship. Their ability to conduct clandestine. Operations and Capabilities SEAL Teams SEAL Teams are comprised of 3 Troops with 2 platoons assigned per Troop (6 platoons/Team). insertion and extraction of SEALs and other Special Operations Forces. They earn the Special Warfare Combatant-Craft Crewman (SWCC) designation upon completion of their initial training. and riverine environments. clandestine insertion and extraction platform. underwater. 103 . mobility. Naval Special Warfare Group 1: SEAL Teams 1. their first leadership assignment is a Squad Commander after completing the training pipeline. and a support element that is deployable en masse to stage overseas for extended periods of time. where candidates apply all of their training to date over three days in various weather conditions and with little sleep. waterborne patrolling. high-risk missions and provide real-time intelligence offers decision makers excellent situational awareness and provides multiple options to conduct warfare. The third phase is Basic Crewman Training (BCT). vehicles. Furthermore.V. The SEAL elements are trained to infiltrate their objective areas by fixed and rotary winged aircraft. The Mk-8 is launched out of a DDS (Dry Deck Shelter) attached to several Navy submarines. a Command and Control Element. While leading experienced. and ocean as well as obstacle course runs. Using a variety of specialized boats. the NSW 11-Meter Rigid-hull Inflatable Boat (RIB). SEAL Officers lead SDV Platoons and conduct some of the most challenging missions in NSW. HI) SEAL Delivery Vehicle Team (SDVT) This team is specifically trained to use the Mk-8 SDV as an underwater. all challenging assignments leading SEALs. communications. littoral. They are also taught basic navigation and small boat seamanship. and the Special Operations Craft-Riverine (SOC-R). 8.
primarily SEALs and combat swimmers. California -SBT-20 Little Creek. multiple heavy weapon mounts 104 . the swimmers wearing underwater breathing apparatus (UBA). Naval Special Warfare Craft: Mark VIII SEAL Delivery Vehicle (SDV) Mission The electrically powered Mk VIII SEAL delivery vehicle is designed to deliver up to six combat swimmers and their equipment. Payload Equipment for up to six combat swimmers Speed 6 kts. Mississippi VI. meaning that when it submerges the hull is completely flooded. 16 troops.The Navy's SBT’s are based in: -SBT-12 Coronado. Range 500+ NM Speed 50 knots (max). They also support limited coastal patrol and interruption of enemy activities. The vehicle is carried in a dry deck shelter aboard a US submarine. into and out of operations where the threat to these forces is considered to be low to medium. Virginia -SBT-22 Stennis. 35 knots (cruise) Payload 5 crew. 4 zodiacs. The Mk VIII is a `wet' vehicle. Four passengers) Mark V Special Operations Craft Mission Used to carry Special Operations Forces (SOF). Range 70 miles Crew 6 (Two operators.
2 heavy weapon mounts Range Speed Payload Mine-Resistant Ambush Protected Vehicle (MRAP) Mission Ground mobility vehicle used to carry SEALs in a variety of terrain.11 Meter NSW RIB (Rigid-Hull Inflatable Boat) Mission High speed. into and out of maritime operations. 200+ NM 45+ Knots 5 + 8 troops. The vehicle is designed to protect the crew from explosive events. primarily SEALs. Fully interoperable with MK V SOC Combat Boat. They also support coastal patrol and interdiction of enemy activities. Range 420 miles Speed 60+ mph Payload 8 personnel and gear 105 . high buoyancy extreme weather craft used to carry Special Operations Forces (SOF). 2 zodiacs.
2008.navsoc. Meanwhile. Future officers will work in diverse environments from Helmand Province in Afghanistan to the Horn of Africa. and determination in physically demanding situations. On cruise. The Commander. wants a special operator that can work in a joint and interagency environment.mil/history. Future Capabilities Naval Special Warfare continues to execute some of the most dynamic missions for the DOD. act as a diplomat for our country. The SEAL screener is designed to mentally and physically challenge 2/C midshipmen in order to evaluate their physical ability.mil/navydata/cno/n87/usw/issue_12/masters.html Navy SEAL Submarine Operations The US Navy’s Elite Fighting Force by Mir Bahmanyar with Chris Osman.sealswcc. and continue to represent the best quality warrior in the military. The focus of NSW and USSOCOM is persistent engagement with our partners and allies around the world. teamwork.VII.navy.com/seal-default.com/swcc-default.sealswcc. the screener serves as a training evolution to provide some of the experiences that can be expected on 1/C SEAL summer cruise as well as at BUD/S. the midshipmen will be tested further and evaluated by SEAL team members. VIII. and need to be culturally attuned to a variety of regions. 106 . Becoming a Naval Special Warfare Officer out of USNA SEAL Screener: For Midshipmen interested in service selecting SEALs.navy. Navy SEALs A History of the Early Years by Kevin Dockery.aspx http://www. Ultimately. SEAL Cruise provides Midshipmen with a perspective as to what life is like for a Junior Officer in a SEAL Team. SEAL Cruise: The screener results are used to determine the best qualified Midshipmen to attend a SEAL summer cruise.htm Navy SEAL Information http://www.aspx SEAL SWCC History and Information http://www. USSOCOM. the evaluation process begins with the SEAL screener. 2001. leadership. Sources: http://www.
evaluate. Florida. The EOD core competency encompasses the ability to render safe the following types of Unexploded Ordnance (UXO): Ground Ordnance (projectiles. as German and Japanese military operations left behind large quantities of dudfired ordnance. The first two Navy EOD commands were established in 1953. launched.WEEK 18: EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE DISPOSAL I. EOD History & Overview The Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) community was officially organized as a warfare community in July of 1978 as the Special Operations Community. Air) Explosive Ordnance Disposal Technicians. in the other services. Navy EOD exists today as the only special operations capable (Land. Underwater Mine Countermeasures (UMCM). in large part. personnel. Navy EOD units can deploy as a shipboard detachment with a Carrier or Expeditionary Strike Group. Special Operations Forces (SOF) support. but the core missions and skills of EOD teams were employed and practiced far before the community’s birth. Navy EOD units are special operations capable. 1941. 107 . biological. render safe. all four services have EOD Technicians. The Navy EOD community is primarily focused around the core competencies of EOD. and dispose of explosive and/or hazardous ordnance items that have been fired. grenades. and Navy Dive and Salvage Support Operations. Additionally. all of whom are trained at the Naval School Explosive Ordnance Disposal (NAVSCOLEOD) at Eglin Air Force Base. Mine Disposal School was founded in May. on the British Bomb Disposal model. or as a land-based asset assigned to an Army or Marine Corps unit. aircraft explosive hazards. Additionally. torpedoes. Bomb Disposal School was founded in January 1942 by (then) LT Draper Kauffman. projected. Sea. specifically and uniquely tasked with support to Naval Special Warfare (NSW) and Army Special Forces (SF). and nuclear weapons) Underwater Ordnance (mines. or material. and dispensed munitions) Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMDs) (chemical. identify. rockets. missiles. based. recover. landmines) Air Ordnance (bombs. and depth charges) II. dropped. or placed in such a manner as to constitute an increased danger to operations. A need for ordnance disposal skills was recognized during WWII. Navy EOD is comprised of 425 officers and 1174 enlisted personnel. Anti-Terrorism/Force Protection (AT/FP). it is a component of larger communities. Today. Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) The mission of Navy EOD is: To provide the Fleet with the capability to detect. Navy EOD Technicians must go through rigorous training that enables them to operate in more environments. installations. Navy EOD is organized somewhat differently than the other services in that EOD is its own warfare community in the Navy. Combat Expeditionary Support (CES).
or work in close conjunction with. open/closed circuit SCUBA. If our enemies laid mines covertly. most Navy EOD deployments are land based with ground combat units performing offensive operations: Mine Countermeasures (MCM) MCM is made up of three components: EOD personnel (UMCM). EOD Competencies & Missions There is a common misperception that Navy EOD’s operational environment includes only underwater operations. The skills learned in the EOD training pipeline lend themselves to participation in these types of operations. This perception is far from the truth. the AT/FP Officer. Additionally. Secret Service Support AT/FP is a natural extension of the counter IED skills EOD Technicians learn. Under the NECC. Anti-Terrorism/Force Protection (AT/FP)/U. EOD Technicians regularly perform U. Secret Service support in order to mitigate and eliminate explosive hazards. EOD personnel are specifically tasked with detecting and diving on armed underwater ordnance and conducting Render Safe Procedures (RSPs). Though they fall under EOD command. or another EOD command. and federal bomb disposal agencies to combat terrorist threats. EOD Organization The Type Commander (TYCOM) for Navy EOD is the Commander. referred to as an EOD Operational Support Unit (EODOSU). CA and EODGRU TWO in Norfolk. There are other EOD major commands that do not fall under one of the two Groups. Navy EOD Technicians will participate in advanced training with the SOF unit they are assigned to in order to support the entire spectrum of operations with which that unit may be tasked. but instead get advanced training as Second Class Divers. diving is only one mission area in which Navy EOD Technicians have expertise. Today. Naval Expeditionary Combat Command (NECC). 108 . approximately 30% of Navy EOD’s deployments are in support of SOF missions. which allows for travel all over the planet. and provide attribution to a specific nation or group. and Master Divers. The EOD platoon consists of one officer and six to eight enlisted EOD Technicians. but instead fall under the NECC as a separate entity. Each Group also contains a Training & Evaluation Unit (EODTEU) and a Mobile Diving & Salvage Unit (MDSU). recover them. EOD Shore Detachments work in conjunction with local. Expeditionary Diving and Salvage Expertise in diving is a vital skill needed for the disposal of underwater ordnance. and depth charges. to an EOD Mobile Unit. These Divers may be assigned to a Mobile Diving & Salvage Unit. torpedoes. and air units (AMCM). and a reserve Mobile Unit.S. IV. Additionally. Navy EOD forces are divided into 2 Groups. which are comprised of companies and platoons. Special Operations Forces (SOF) Support Navy EOD Technicians lend their expertise to SOF units to ensure they achieve mission success. some Navy Divers are not EOD qualified. Navy EOD personnel are the only assets in the Department of Defense that can render the mines safe. state. Many EOD Officers assigned to afloat staffs serve as. EODGRU ONE in San Diego. Diving Medical Technicians. surface ships (SMCM).III.S. Today. VA. All Navy EOD Technicians are Navy Divers and are trained in open-circuit SCUBA and the Mk-16 Mod 1. specializing in surface supplied diving. and diving medicine. Each group contains 4 or 5 Mobile Units (EODMU). First Class Divers. a computerized mixed-gas re-breather with low magnetic properties which allows EOD Technicians to operate on ordnance at up to 300 feet beneath the surface. and conduct searches for and RSPs on limpet mines. EOD personnel render safe dud-fired mines.
NAVSCOLEOD. Center for EOD & Diving. Rota. Bangor. These Shore detachments provide a fixed regional response capability and are usually located in proximity to a DOD installation. participate in the same training pipeline. Yorktown. EOD Diver COI. Norfolk. Commodores of EOD Group ONE and TWO. CA) Mobile Diving and Salvage Unit 1 (MDSU-1) (Pearl Harbor. Sasebo. King’s Bay. VA) EODMU 12 (Little Creek. Fallon. each Mobile Unit has multiple Shore Detachments attached to it. There. China Lake. VA) EODMU 8 (Rota. VA) *Additionally. VA. EOD students proceed to NAVSCOLEOD. VA) EOD Training & Evaluation Unit 2 (Ft. 1. Panama City. VA. Spain. Japan. Naval Diving & Salvage Training Center (NDSTC) All Navy EOD personnel begin training at NDSTC in Panama City. FL. San Diego. The Navy provides EOD training to all four of the services. The school is very academically and physically intensive. Spain) EODOSU 10 (Little Creek. and EOD Tactical Training. VA) EODMU 6 (Little Creek. CA) EOD Training & Evaluation Unit 1 (Point Loma. RI. Guam. IN. Crane. CA. Jump School. WA. MCM Squardron FIVE. EOD Training Pipeline All Navy EOD students. FL. at Eglin AFB. Navy EOD has Shore Detachments at Newport. CA) EODMU 3 (Coronado. EOD students complete the 9-week EOD Diver Course of Instruction (COI) and learn to safely use open circuit SCUBA rigs and the closed circuit Mk-16 Mod 1 SCUBA re-breather. broken into four phases: EOD Diver. This school lasts nine months for Navy personnel. V. Explosive Ordnance Disposal (NAVSCOLEOD) From Dive School.WEST COAST COMEODGRU ONE (Coronado. NJ. especially when Navy students reach the Underwater Ordnance Division. Mayport. both officer and enlisted. CA. Pearl Harbor. CA) EODMU 5 (Guam) EODOSU 7 (San Diego. EOD MAJOR COMMANDS Commander Task Force 56. FL. Story. WA. HI) EAST COAST COMEODGRU TWO (Little Creek. Naval School. due to their additional two months of training in underwater ordnance. Commander Task Force 68. 2. VA) EODMU 2 (Little Creek. Navy students must demonstrate capability in the following divisions in order to graduate: Core I Demolition Tools & Methods Core II Ground Ordnance Division Air Ordnance Division Improvised Explosive Devices Division Weapons of Mass Destruction Division Underwater Ordnance Division Upon graduation from NAVSCOLEOD. GA. CA) EODMU 11 (San Diego. VA. Earle. FL. HI. Dahlgren. VA) Mobile Diving and Salvage Unit 2 (MDSU-2) (Little Creek. all personnel (officer and enlisted) are designated as Basic EOD Technicians. NV. EOD Technology Division. CA) EODMU 1 (Coronado. 109 . Oak Harbor.
a three-week course leading to a static line parachuting qualification. Benning will complete the Army Parachute COI. and complete a board to earn their Senior EOD Technician qualification. However. and complete a scenario-based oral and performance based qualification board while leading an EOD platoon. or Otay Mesa. Once Tactical Training is completed. CA will complete the four-week Navy Parachute COI with Tactical Air Operations. The Navy Diving community is a subset of the EOD Community. EOD officers graduate NAVSCOLEOD as Basic EOD Technicians. Helo Rope Suspension Technique (HRST) operations. except it is gold rather than silver/pewter. Jump School Newly graduated Basic EOD Technicians leave NAVSCOLEOD and report immediately to parachute training at Ft. Special Insertion and Extraction (SPIE) rigging. demonstrated proficiency. there is a tight bond of common expertise between EOD Technicians and Navy Divers. the Personnel Qualification Standards (PQS) (not to be confused with the training pipeline) for enlisted and officer EOD Technicians became different.3. CA. EOD Tactical Training Regardless of which parachute COI the new EOD Technicians participate in. training. and advanced combat first aid. Enlisted EOD Technicians retain the “old” qualification path. demonstrate proficiency. much as it is throughout the rest of the Navy. The EOD Officer Qualification badge looks exactly the same as the Master EOD Technician’s. demonstrated leadership. cast and recovery operations. The warfare qualification process is now different for officers. Navy Diver Classifications Not all Sailors who are part of the Navy EOD Community are EOD Technicians. upon completion they report to EOD Tactical Training at EODTEU-1 in San Diego. Basic EOD Technicians complete two ye ars of PQS. The term “Navy Diver” is not a monolith. There they will receive training in small arms. VII. EOD Warfare Qualification Officer When the Special Operations community was realigned as the EOD Community beginning in 2007. leading to both a static line and military free-fall qualification. EOD officers no longer complete Senior and Master EOD qualifications. Like their enlisted counterparts. VI. Benning. EOD Technicians reporting to Otay Mesa. GA. demonstrated EOD proficiency. and scenario-based boards will result in qualification as a Master EOD Technician. “Navy Diver” refers to a Sailor who has successfully completed one of several COI’s offered at NDSTC (of which the EOD Diver COI is just one). the EOD Technician reports to a Mobile Unit for assignment to a platoon. 4. Successful completion of an additional three years of PQS. Instead. Since all Navy EOD Technicians begin their training pipeline as Navy Divers. CA. land warfare techniques. new EOD officers must complete a three-year program of PQS. EOD Technicians reporting to Ft. Navy Divers who are not Navy EOD Technicians can earn the following designations: 110 . rappelling. Successful completion of these requirements leads to qualification as an EOD Officer.
hyperbaric chamber operations. and MK21.” *Most enlisted Divers progress from 2/C Diver through 1/C Diver. qualifying them to plan and lead salvage operations. Master Divers are the Navy’s diving experts. They are restricted from “decompression” dives. They are directly responsible to the CO for the safe and efficient running of the command diving program. Mk-20. 2/C Divers gain proficiency in SCUBA. Diving Officer (BDO) An officer who completes the 4-month Basic Dive Officer (BDO) COI becomes a diving officer. First Class Diver Former 2/C Divers who complete the 4-week 1/C Diver COI are then qualified to supervise the dive. Regardless of their pay grade. they are addressed as “Master Diver. These 1/C Divers return to NDSTC and complete “Master Diver evaluations” in which they are evaluated in a series of scenarios by a panel of senior Master Divers. Master Diver Master Divers must be a Chief Petty Officer. EOD-Specific Tools and Equipment The following list is by no means all-inclusive of the equipment Navy EOD Technicians and Divers use. Most candidates will fail to become Master Divers on their first attempt and will have to return a year later to try again. These officers are trained in SCUBA. Second Class Diver Attends 4-month long training at NDSTC. these are examples of some of the most commonly used pieces of equipment. EOD Officers attended the BDO course until 2005. Dive Medical Officer (DMO) A Medical Officer who specializes in diving related illnesses. Many BDOs also complete the Salvage Officer (SO) COI. They have more advanced expertise in supervising hyperbaric chamber operations and diagnosing and treating diving related casualties. as well as diving and hyperbaric chamber operations and supervision. and diagnosis of diving related casualties. Rather. Very few are selected as Master Divers. MK-20. 111 .SCUBA Diver Basic Diver attends a one-month school at NDSTC. Dive Medical Technician (DMT) All DMTs are Hospital Corpsmen (HM) while all other enlisted Divers are rated as Divers (DV). VIII. These Divers complete the 2/C Diver COI and then complete a special DMT COI that further teaches them about the medical aspects of diagnosing and treating diving illnesses. Mk-21.
exhaled CO2 is “recycled” with low acoustic and magnetic properties. or HeO2 for deeper dives. 1 surveillance Controlled from briefcase-sized Operational Control Unit (OCU) MK-16 Mod 1 Underwater Breathing Apparatus (UBA) The Mk-16 SCUBA re-breather produces no bubbles. The Diver monitors rig performance through a primary and secondary electronics display. Divers utilizing the UBA are capable of diving to 300 Feet of Sea Water (FSW). The benefit of such a tool is that it allows Render Safe Procedures (RSPs) to be conducted while the EOD Technician is a safe distance from the IED. 112 . The MK-16 can use two diluent gases: N2O2 for dives 150 FSW or shallower. It is electronically driven.Foster-Miller TALON Bomb Robot Weight: Payload capacity: Arm lift: 115-156lbs 100lbs 10lbs at full extension 20lbs total lift Cameras: 3 IR-illuminated Controlled from briefcase-sized Operational Control Unit (OCU) iRobot EOD Packbot Bomb Robot Weight: Payload capacity: Arm lift: 68lbs 46lbs 10lbs at full extension 30lbs total lift Cameras: 4: 2 color. 1 drive. Percussion Actuated Non-electric (PAN) Disruptor Device used to render safe IEDs remotely without detonating them. the UBA uses 3 oxygen sensors which monitor the partial pressure of oxygen in the Diver’s breathing loop and automatically adds O2 if the ppO2 is not within pre established parameters.
mil/index.htm EOD memorial website: http://www.navy. communications wire. It comes in multiple layers: trousers. an umbilical containing a gas hose. LTjg Danny Glenn (USNA 2010) is in the Guinness Book of World Records for fastest mile in the bomb suit at 8 minutes and 30 seconds.htm Navy Diver information: https://www.foster-miller.navy. groin protector. The entire suit weighs over 85lbs. For normal dives. MK-21 Surface Supplied UBA Fulfills the Navy’s hardhat. Unlike older surface supplied rigs.mil/ceneoddive/eods/ Contains information on platforms: http://www. the diver is not enclosed in a full suit. max depth is 190 FSW on air. torso.eod.org/ 113 .MED-ENG EOD IX Bomb Suit This suit provides extensive blast and fragmentation protection.npdc.eodmemorial. surface supplied diving requirements for deep-sea diving & salvage. The rig is comprised of a Kirby-Morgan Superlite 17 helmet. and helmet. The IX Bomb suit also incorporates a fan and full body cooling system. and a pneumofathometer to determine depth. instead he/she wears only the helmet with the attached umbilical. Sources: Navy EOD website: http://www. 300 FSW if the Diver is breathing HeO2.com/lemming.
in close coordination with all Navy component commanders 115 . develop unmatched knowledge of the battlespace. This corps of professionals receives extensive training. Tenth Fleet was reactivated 29 January 2010 as the US Navy Fleet Cyber Command/10th Fleet or FLTCYBERCOM/C10F. education.” – ADM Greenert.WEEK 19: INFORMATION DOMINANCE CORPS I. “Cyberspace will be operationalized with capabilities that span the electromagnetic spectrum – providing superior awareness and control when and where we need it. intelligence. bringing together officers. designed to elevate information as a main battery of our national war fighting capabilities. and firmly establish the U. Joint and national war fighting requirements. humanderived information. or Service Cryptologic Component (SCC) the operational authority and capability provider for Information Operations (IO) and cyberspace operations. and information management.S. CNO. Overview The Information Dominance Corps (IDC) was created in 2009. Navy's prominence in intelligence. enlisted. and civilian professionals who possess extensive skills in information-intensive fields. space. and work experience in information. IDC Mission Gain a deep understanding of the inner workings of our adversaries. provide our operating forces with sufficient over-match in wartime command and control. It was first created as an anti-submarine warfare coordinating organization during the Battle of the Atlantic in World War II. II. Members of the IDC continually develop and deliver dominant information capabilities in support of US Navy. IDC Community Management The Deputy Chief of Naval Operations for Information Dominance/Director of Naval Intelligence (OPNAV N2/N6) was designated as the leader of the IDC in 2009. networks. and project power through and across the network. cyber warfare. III. and is: the Navy component of United States Cyber Command (USCYBERCOM) the Navy authority for cyber operations the Navy Service Cryptologic Element (SCE). Sailing Directions: Vision for next 10-15 yrs IV. and oceanographic disciplines. counterintelligence. Operationalizing the IDC and Cyber Warfare A leet C er Co and/ th leet TC BE COM/C The United States Tenth Fleet (COMTENTHFLT or C10F) is a functional formation of the United States Navy. representing a landmark transition in the evolution of naval warfare.
ships. The SWO-IDC option program is highly attractive to many candidates because it does not require competing for a lateral transfer slot after completing their initial tour. networks. Key Concept: NAVCYBERFOR is the administrative commander for the Information Dominance Corps. Like other TYCOMs. and is the Type Commander (TYCOM) for cryptology/SIGINT. If a Midshipman is not physically qualified (NPQ) for URL selection he or she may become a direct accession to an IDC community. cryptologic and spacerelated systems and intelligence and information operations activities. VI. information operations and signal intelligence capabilities and missions across the cyber. coalition and Joint Task Forces to execute the full spectrum of cyber. Although competition for IDC slots is highly competitive. 116 . today and in the future. Each IDC community has its own basic school that prepares officers for their initial tours. training. there are no requirements for a specific academic major. V. and maintenance. Space Cadre. electronic warfare. Navy CYBERFOR Mission: To organize and prioritize. Cryptologic Technicians (CT). Information Warfare (IW) Officers. Key Concept: FLTCYBERCOM/C10F is the operational commander for the bulk of the Navy’s Information Professional and Information Warfare assets that are not otherwise assigned to operational Fleet assets (i. intelligence. requirements. The other path is via the SWO community with an “option”.2 QPR Eligible for TS/SCI Clearance Midshipmen desiring selection are highly encouraged to contact any IDC Officer on the yard to discuss the selection process and current needs of the IDC Communities. Intelligence Specialists (IS). relevant and ready forces at the right time at the best cost. modernization. and space disciplines. and much of FLTCYBERCOM's operational manpower will come from NAVCYBERFOR. electronic warfare. etc. Detailed IDC Community Overviews The IDC is made up of Information Professional Officers (IP). to coordinate with other naval.Tenth Fleet Mission The mission of Tenth fleet is to serve as the Numbered Fleet for Fleet Cyber Command and exercise operational control of assigned Naval forces. electromagnetic and space domains. Oceanography Officers (METOC). to join any of the IDC designators. Aerographers Mates (AG). Service Assignment Selection Midshipmen desiring assignment to an IDC Community have two paths out of USNA. Information Technicians (IT) and Navy civilians. and to coordinate with Type Commanders. cyber.). to deliver interoperable. staffs. US Fleet Forces Command (COMUSFLTFORCOM). The SWO-option program allows Midshipmen to select as SWO with a guaranteed lateral transfer after earning her or his warfare qualification. Nav C er orces A C BE O or CYBERFOR): is an Echelon III command under Commander. Many NAVCYBERFOR personnel will be from Information Dominance Corps (IDC) communities. information operations. training. squadrons. and maintenance component for these disciplines. this is the manpower. B. nor for any related practical experience.e. Intelligence Officers (INTEL). Specific guidance on the timeline for the lateral transfer will vary but is currently at the 3-4 year mark. modernization. The minimum selection criteria are as follows: Superior performance in core curriculum Greater than 2. and capabilities of command and control architecture/networks.
such as the Information and Communication Manager Course (ICMC). NIPRNET: Non-Classified Internet Protocol Routing Network (UNCLAS) SIPRNET: Secret Internet Protocol Routing Network (SECRET) JWICS: Joint Worldwide Intelligence Communications System (TS/SCI) Key Concept: Midshipmen should be able to identify each of three domains and the associated classification levels. plan. acquire and integrate naval networks. whether new accession or lateral transfer. and LHAs. IPs provide direct support for three domains afloat and ashore. which are summarized below. 1) Information Professional (IP) Key Concept: IP officers operate. Intelligence (Intel). IPs serve both at sea and ashore with a heavy focus towards supporting operational missions. related enlisted ratings. The two primary assignments for IP officers are either Fleet Information Dominance or Cyber and NetCentric Commands.Key Concept: The Information Dominance Corps is comprised of Information Professional (IP). Operational Elements Officers entering the IP community. attend the 6-week Information Professional Basic Course (IP BC). depending upon the command the IP is being assigned to. IP officers typically go to sea on CVNs. 117 LHDs. and Space Cadre. Information Warfare (IW). Meteorology & Oceanography (METOC). Additional schools may also be required. maintain. secure. The domains are separated based on the classification of information being transmitted on them. Key Concept: Although similar systems exist on both large and small combatants. . Key Concept: IP officers are subject matter experts in networking and communications technology. In general. and are required to attain commercial certifications in information technology and maintain them through continuous education programs.
2) Information Warfare (IW) The Information Warfare Community employs specific tools and processes to provide the Commander with kinetic and non-kinetic means of achieving key objectives at all levels of operations by affecting adversary and protecting friendly decision making-capabilities. Often first on the scene, Navy assets bring great reach and flexibility to the joint Information Operations campaign. Navy platforms deliver the Commander's message to maritime, littoral, and leadership audiences, as well as audiences in denied areas. They affect vital networks, protecting friendly assets and impeding adversary Command and Control (C2). Overview The IW Community delivers information superiority. This is achieved through the application of Signals Intelligence (SIGINT), Computer Network Operations (CNO) and Electronic Warfare (EW) expertise. Other responsibilities of the Navy IW Community typically include: Leading Information Dominance personnel across the spectrum of military operations Developing and operating cutting-edge network exploitation and defense systems Planning and delivering information warfare effects during exercises and operations Key Concept: Electronic Warfare consists of Electronic Attack (EA), Electronic Protection (EP), and Electronic Warfare Support (ES). EA offensively targets an adversary, EP defeats an enemy’s EA, and ES supports all of the Commander’s requirements from force protection to I&W to mission planning and execution.
Key Concept: SIGINT is the collection and analysis of electromagnetic signals from an adversary’s communication, radar and weapons systems. In this area IW and Intelligence work very closely together.
Key Concept: Computer Network Operations (CNO) consists of offensive network operations (i.e. Computer Network Attack (CNA)), and defensive network operations (i.e. Computer Network Defense (CND)). CNO also includes a component that collects data from an adversary’s automated information systems or networks ( i.e. CNE).
Operational Elements & Assignments Officers entering the IW community, whether new accession or lateral transfer, attend the 8-week Information Warfare Basic Course (IWBC). Following graduation from the Basic Course, IW Officers are typically assigned to one of four National Cryptologic Centers - San Antonio, Texas; Kunia, Hawaii; Augusta, Georgia; or Fort Meade, Maryland. At each one of these Cryptologic Centers the Navy’s presence is significant, and identified as a Navy Information Operations Command (NIOC). Navy Cyber Defense Operations Center (NCDOC) Located in Little Creek, VA, NCDOC coordinates, monitors, and oversees the defense of Navy computer networks and systems and is responsible for accomplishing Computer Network Defense (CND) missions as assigned by Commander, U.S. Tenth Fleet and Commander, U.S. Cyber Command. Key Concept: The NIOCs are the Navy’s IW operations centers that support not only Navy cyber operations, but also fleet operations. The NCDOC is responsible for the defense of Navy networks. Navy Cyber Warfare Development Group (NCWDG) Located in Suitland, MD, NCWDG is responsible for research, development, testing and evaluation of Navy cyber warfare systems and related tactics. Following their initial tour, Information Warfare Officers have several educational opportunities. One is the Naval Postgraduate School, which offers many degrees. Another is the Junior Officer Career Cryptologic Program, a competitive three-year program that offers participants the opportunity to develop broad technical and operational expertise through a combination of academics and an intensive internship at the National Security Agency. Follow on tours provide opportunities for critical IW assignments, such as a Cryptologic Resource Coordinator (CRC) and the Information Operations Warfare Commander (IWC).
The Cryptologic Resource Coordinator (CRC) The Information Operations Warfare Commander (IWC)
Key Concept: The CRC manages cryptologic assets, including SIGINT, within a strike group. The IWC uses Information Warfare in support of friendly mission objectives, to deceive an adversary, and to deny an adversary’s information superiority. 3) Intelligence (INTEL) Naval Intelligence provides evaluated intelligence on an adversary’s capabilities and intentions to support planning and operations at all levels of warfare. Intelligence allows anticipation or prediction of Chapter I future situations and circumstances, and it informs decisions by illuminating the differences in available courses of action. Naval Intelligence provides tactical, RELATIONSHIP OF DATA, INFORMATION, AND INTELLIGENCE operational and strategic intelligence support to U.S. naval forces, joint services, multi-national forces, and executive level decision-makers.
E P N It is important to understand the distinction between E V R I information and intelligence. Information is an A R T O DATA INFORMATION INTELLIGENCE assimilation of data that has been gathered, but not fully I N O M correlated, analyzed, or interpreted. While not fully N E A N analyzed or correlated, information still has significant Analysis L T and Processing Production value to the tactical commander and plays a key role in and Exploitation Collection threat warning and target acquisition. Intelligence, on the other hand, is the product resulting from the Figure I-1. Relationship of Data, Information, and Intelligence collection, exploitation, processing, integration, analysis, evaluation, and interpretation of available commander can therefore formulate plans on this knowledge and thus decrease the risks inherent information. Integration and analysis, combined with a thorough understanding ofbased mission requirements, in military operations and increase the likelihood of success. convert information into usable intelligence. Thus, intelligence is the product derived from analyzing all c. Intelligence is not an exact there will always be some uncertainty available and relevant information. This mass of information, after subjected to science; an analytical process, is in the minds of intelligence analysts as they assess the adversary, and the commander and staff as they plan and execute distilled into intelligence that provides predictive estimates capabilities and intentions. Itqualitative is judgment, is operations. Likewise, intelligence, as the synthesis of quantitative analysis and Chapterof I adversary rarely unequivocal and is therefore subject to competing interpretation. It is therefore important that this predictive nature of intelligence that distinguishes it from the analysts mass of other information available to intelligence provide an estimate of the degree of confidence they have in their analytic conclusions. The Nature of Intelligence Such estimates of analytic confidence help intelligence consumers decide how much weight to place on the commander. O
Key Concept: The term information describes unevaluated data, whereasINTELLIGENCE the term intelligence describes the end DISCIPLINES, product after data have been processed and evaluated by a trained analyst. d. Intelligence includes organizations, processes, and products and involves the collection, processing, SUBCATEGORIES, AND SOURCES LEVELS OF INTELLIGENCE exploitation, analysis, and dissemination of information important to decision makers. Intelligence, however, Levels of Intelligence
Senior Military and Civilian Leaders Combatant Commanders l Assist in developing national strategy and policy l Monitor the international situation l Assist in developing military plans l Assist in determining major weapon systems and force structure requirements l Support the conduct of strategic operations
is not an end in itself. For intelligence to have utility, it requires users. Thus, an examination of whether or not intelligence is effective or influential not only depends on the intelligence organizations, processes, and products, but must also consider the users. Explicit user requirements, properly communicated to intelligence agencies, initiate the intelligence collection process. Intelligence products provide users with GEOINT -- Geospatial Intelligence the information that has been collected and analyzed based on their requirements.
intelligence assessments when making a decision. One methodology intelligence personnel may use to assign a confidence level to their analytic conclusions or intelligence assessments is discussed inAppendix A, Intelligence Confidence Levels.
Intelligence Sources (i.e. the “Ints”
Combatant and Subordinate Joint Force Commanders and Component Commanders l Focus on military capabilities and intentions of enemies and adversaries l Monitor events in the Joint Force Commander ’s area of interest l Support the planning and conduct of joint campaigns l Identify adversary centers of gravity
-- Imagery -- IMINT - Imagery Intelligence -- Geospatial Information HUMINT -- Human Intelligence I-2 -- Debriefings -- Source Operations JP 2-0 -- Interrogation Operations -- Document and Media Exploitation SIGINT -- Signals Intelligence -- COMINT - Communications Intelligence -- ELINT - Electronic Intelligence ** Technical ELINT ** Operational ELINT -- FISINT - Foreign Instrumentation Signals Intelligence MASINT -- Measurement and Signature Intelligence -- E lectromagnetic Data Radio Frequency Data Geophysical Data Radar Data Materials Data Nuclear Radiation Data OSINT -- Open-Source Intelligence Academia Interagency Newspapers/Periodicals TECHINT -- Technical Intelligence CI -- Counterintelligence Media Broadcasts Internet
Commanders l Support planning and conducting battles and engagements l Provide commanders with information on imminent threats to their forces
l Provide commanders with obstacle intelligence
Figure I-8. Levels of Intelligence
Figure I-3. Intelligence Disciplines, Subcategories, and Sources
Intelligence and the Range of Military Operations
The major intelligence disciplines and their subcategories, sources, and capabilities are described in greater detail in Appendix B, Intelligence Disciplines.
Key Concept: Strategic Intelligence supports national decision making and planning; Operational Intelligence supports theater-level (e.g. PACOM; COMPACFLT, etc.) objectives; Tactical Intelligence supports force(e.g. strike group) and unit- (e.g. ship, squadron, etc.) level mission requirements. Key Concept: Each “Int” provides one source of information leading to all source analysis. Thus intelligence is derived from all available sources, such as IMINT, HUMINT, OSINT, and so on. Every midshipman should be able to list and give an example of each “Int.” Functions of Naval Intelligence One goal of naval intelligence is to reduce the risk to operations by identifying adversary capabilities, vulnerabilities, and intentions. It attempts to impart thorough knowledge of the situation through the application of the following basic intelligence functions that form the foundation of required analytical support to the commander. a. Intelligence Preparation of the Battlespace. Key Concept: The goal of IPB is to provide detailed understanding of the enemy and the battlespace. It seeks to answer: “What can the enemy do?” “How can he hurt us?” “What are his vulnerabilities?” “What are his intentions?” “What are his most likely and most dangerous courses of action?” b. Indications and Warning. Key Concept: The goal of I&W is to provide the earliest possible warning of potential hostile, or otherwise threatening, action being taken by an adversary. It reports both movement of an adversary’s forces and also assesses an adversary’s intentions. c. Targeting. Key Concept: Targeting identifies and prioritizes key enemy capabilities, identifies associated vulnerabilities, and assesses which targets, when destroyed, will have the greatest effect on the enemy’s capabilities . d. Meteorology/Oceanography (METOC). Both the terms “OCEANO” and “METOC” are used to refer to the Oceanography community which provides actionable information to include meteorological, climatological, oceanographic, and space environment observations, analyses, prognostic data or products and meteorological and oceanographic effects. Four Warfare Directorates have been established to support the warfighter across eight warfare areas. The directorates include: Undersea Warfare, Expeditionary Warfare, Weather Services, and Precise Time and Astrometry. Naval Oceanography Operations Command (NOOC): advises Navy operations on the impact of ocean and atmospheric conditions in for every operation in every theater of operations. Naval Oceanography employs the concept of Battlespace on Demand (BonD). BonD, is a strategic concept that consists of three tiers, each of which builds on the previous tier to produce enhanced decision-making capabilities for the warfighter. Tier 0: Data. Data from various sources are collected, assimilated and fused to provide initial and boundary conditions that accurately describe the current ocean and atmosphere environment. This includes the sky and time keeping. Tier 1: Environment. Data from satellites, altimetry, gliders, buoys and other collection methods are incorporated to initialize computations. Then, high performance supercomputers run complex models to forecast and verify the future state of the ocean and atmosphere. Tier 2: Performance. The environment modeled in Tier 1 will impact sensors, weapons, platforms and people, providing opportunities and restrictions for operations and warfighting. This describes a
Joint Publication 2. Establishing the Information Dominance Corps 4. Information Dominance Corps Self Synchronization website: http://www.mil/bupersnpc/officer/Detailing/IDC_FAO/IP/Documents/Navy%20IP%20Community%20Brochure%2017%20MA Y%2011%20Approved.idcsync.pdf 121 . Performance surfaces are applied to specific decision-making processes to quantify risk and opportunity at strategic.public. Naval Doctrine Publication (NDP-2).“performance surface” that accounts for both the predicted environment and the capabil ities and behaviors of the force – both allies and adversaries.navy.mil/BUPERSNPC/OFFICER/DETAILING/IDC_FAO/OCEANO/Pages/CommunityOverview.dtic.2. operational.public. http://www. Tier 3: Decision. Key Concept: Battlespace on Demand (BonD) provides warfare commanders with state-of-the-art meteorological and oceanographic (including space and time keeping) forecasting that are used in support of strategic.org/home 2.html 3. Joint Intelligence Publications Series: http://www. operational and tactical levels.mil/doctrine/new_pubs/jointpub_intelligence. OPNAV Instruction 5300.navy.aspx http://www. Naval Intelligence 5. Sources: 1. Sept 20. and tactical decision-making. Recommendations are made that affect force allocation and employment and that enhance safety and warfighting effectiveness.
life cycle maintenance modernization. Also. 2001. command and control. development. IWOs plan and operate across the US Navy. overseas and on the front lines globally to provide essential space. providing net centric expertise from littoral combat ships to aircraft carriers. Joint and 123 . telecommunications and information management capabilities. from ground elements in country to Special Warfare operations. Fleet Support Officers Officers in Fleet Support Community serve in roles that support the operating fleet. This community has gone through significant changes since it was created. IP Officers go to sea. IP Officers ensure that all of the Navy’s technologically advanced systems remain operational. primarily through shore billets. and weapons. and space systems through the planning. and Electronic Warfare (EW) to create time and deliver effects to optimize military solutions in support of commanders’ objectives. and have completed specified career milestones prior to re-designation and transfer to their IDC Community. SWO (INTEL). Fleet Support officers are experts at line management ashore of complex facilities with technical missions and multiple tenant commands at one base. they can be selected as a SWO Option in any of the four IDC communities. Information Warfare Officer Information Warfare Officers’ (IWO) expertise is knowledge of the electro -magnetic spectrum and network. Restricted Line Communities Engineering Duty Officer EDOs apply technical expertise. II. design. AMDOs are very much involved in all aspects of material acquisition and support as top-level Program Managers in NAVAIR and as Commanding Officers of the Naval Aviation Depots. They are required to qualify as a Surface Warfare Officer. and SWO (OCEAN). SWO (IW). Computer Network Operations (CNO). acquisition. and effective. Aerospace Engineering Duty Officer AEDOs provide professional management and technical direction in the entire air weapon system acquisition process from design to production and later product improvements of Naval aircraft. SWO (IP). AMDO’s are involved in all aspects of material acquisition and support as top-level Program Managers in NAVAIR and as CO’s of the Naval Aviation Depots. AEDOs test and evaluate new aircraft. however. weapons systems. and disposal of ships and submarines and their associated warfare support systems. be within 6 months of promotion to O-3. and business acumen to the research. Information Professional and Human Resources. acquisition. practical engineering judgment. In October. Information Dominance Corps USNA Midshipmen who are physically qualified cannot be assigned directly to Information Dominance Corps (IDC) communities.WEEK 20: RESTRICTED LINE AND STAFF CORPS OFFICERS I. operation. There are approximately 545 active duty IP Officers serving within the Information Dominance Corps. which they apply to their core missions of Signals Intelligence (SIGINT). maintenance and security of systems. interoperable. spacecraft. and weapons in various stages of development. construction. IP Officers support a wide range of missions from Strike Group operations to Maritime Operations Centers. Aerospace Maintenance Duty Officer In addition to working in fleet maintenance organizations throughout the fleet. which were initially filled by Fleet Support officers. two new Restricted Line communities were established. Information Professional Officer Information Professional (IP) Officers provide expertise in information.
Mine Warfare. PAOs serve at sea. aviation squadrons. Joint Chiefs of Staff. Follow -on career assignments are both afloat and ashore. 3. There are approximately 340 active duty METOC Officers serving within the Information Dominance Corps. joint and Navy. analysis. reservists. and executive-level decision-makers. while developing skills in leadership.S. the smallest in the Restricted Line. and strategic intelligence support to US naval forces. ashore. Initial assignments are on ships or with a variety of sea-going detachments that deploy on ships and overseas. Assistant Secretary of the Navy. Post-division officer IWOs support the National mission in concert with larger government agencies whose mission is consistent with ours leading to significant cryptologic resource coordination and mission management positions on flag-level operational staffs. All PAOs join the community through lateral transfer. Intelligence. including the Office of the Secretary of the Navy. Today there are about 190 officers in this community. retirees and civilian employees. 2. speaking engagements. onboard aircraft carriers or amphibious command ships. and communication. U.as well as the following warfighting support disciplines: Navigation. time is spent directly supporting the operational mission forward. Fleet Forces Command. their families. Africa Command." Navy Public Affairs comprise three functional areas: 1. and are always deployed where Navy news is being made. Pacific Fleet and numerous component commands. and special and irregular warfare components. Community relations: PAOs reach out to the American public through "hands-on" programs like public tours. Special Warfare. Precise Time and Astrometry.600 active duty Naval Intelligence Officers serving within the larger Information Dominance Corps. As a junior Officer IWO. There are approximately 920 active duty IWOs within the Information Dominance Corps. joint and multi-national military forces. air wing staffs.S Strategic Command.S. Media Operations: PAOs work with media outlets to communicate with the American public. METOC Officers enhance decision superiority and provide a competitive advantage in the Navy's warfighting disciplines of Anti-Submarine Warfare.National environments. analysis and dissemination of intelligence critical to carrying out the command’s mission. Initial assignments for Naval Intelligence Officers are with aviation squadrons. augmenting ships’ company. All METOC Officers complete graduate level education in Physical Oceanography and Meteorology. Follow-on assignments are on major and joint staffs throughout the world. U. Intelligence Officer Naval Intelligence Officers serve in a wide variety of challenging and dynamic assignments tackling today’s challenges to our national security—from supporting tactical counter-terrorism missions to littoral warfare operations to traditional blue-water presence protecting our maritime interests across the globe. Chief of Naval Operations. capabilities and intentions—is critical to conducting successful US military operations in peacetime and war. As such.S. management. European Command.S. weaknesses. Congressional and VIP visits and embarks. where they actively supervise the collection. U. and in joint assignments. Intelligence—the knowledge based on collection and analysis of an adversary’s strengths. Oceanography Officer Meteorology and Oceanography (METOC) Officers use their expertise across the oceanographic and atmospheric domains to provide strategic. Naval Intelligence Officers are tasked with the responsibility to provide tactical. and coalition forces. Joint assignments include the U. There are approximately 1. National Geospatial Agency and NATO. open houses and special events. operational. operational and tactical oceanographic and atmospheric decision-level information to U. 124 . Public Affairs Officers The Public Affairs (PAO) community is responsible for "Telling the Navy Story. briefings and video news programs to communicate with Sailors. and Fleet Operations (Strike and Expeditionary) -. and continue to build upon the fundamentals of intelligence operations. Internal Communications: PAOs produce publications. Surveillance and Reconnaissance. or with special warfare or expeditionary units. Maritime Operations and Aviation Operations.
and administrative health care fields. Staff Corps Communities There are five Navy Staff Corps communities: Medical. Officers in this corps are specialists in clinical. and radiation health. They care for many patients whose illnesses and injuries are no different from those found in civilian facilities. Seabees may be deployed around the world to perform contingency construction. Medical Corps The Medical Corps consists of commissioned doctors who are responsible for maintaining the general health of personnel in the naval service. chemical/biological warfare. Judge Advocate General and Chaplain. and supervising dental hygiene. or parasite-infested environments. programs. Health care scientists and clinical care specialists make up about 60 percent of the total Corps. environmental remediation. The 570 officers focus on the combined elements of manpower. Medical Service. Nurse Corps As professional registered nurses. Large ships usually have their own medical officer. orthodontics.200 active duty and reserve Nurse Corps officers. For squadrons of small ships. Today. and many other aspects of facilities engineering. and other medical facilities in the Navy. Civil Engineer Corps Naval Officers of the CEC supervise and execute construction projects. nature resource management. Dental. and administer hospitals. Nurse Corps officers use nursing expertise to accomplish the health services mission. schooled in both construction and defensive combat. while health care administrators comprise the remaining 40 percent. optometry.Human Resources The Human Resources community plans. Supply Corps Supply Corps officers handle the supply phases of naval logistics. serving in 22 different specialties including aerospace physiology. . psychology.600 officers. CEC Officers work in one of three areas: construction contract management. physical therapy. and recruiting. or the Seabees. sick bays. which gets the Fleet what it needs. They also care for those with battle injuries or conditions resulting from fleet operations. Medical Community All officers in the Medical. or accomplish important construction tasks. and Nurse Corps are licensed medical professionals and are organized under the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery. The most important responsibility of the Supply Corps is the worldwide. The broad responsibilities of the Supply Corps are closely related to those of many executive positions in private industry. public works. there are approximately 5. integrated Navy Supply System. and executes life-cycle management of the navy’s most important resource – its people. The Medical Service Corps now has approximately 2. support amphibious operations. where and when it needs it. including Navy’s Exchanges. training. preventing and controlling dental disease. 125 . and facility support contracts. III. a medical officer may serve the entire squadron. The Seabees consist of highly skilled personnel. The 2. Dental Corps officers are responsible for surgery. Medical Service Corps This is the most highly diversified Corps within the Medical Community.900 Supply Officers are the business managers of the Navy and they are responsible for the supply support of the ships of the active fleet and hundreds of naval shore installations. Civil Engineer. Supply. provide humanitarian relief. scientific. real estate management. personnel. Dental Corps Commissioned dentists provide dental services on shore and onboard large ships. biochemistry. These doctors provide medical services. infrastructure repairs.
these two communities make up more than eleven percent of the officer corps. Enlisted personnel must be at least an E-6 in order to apply. Medical Corps Dental Corps Nurse Corps Medical Service Corps Civil Engineer Corps Chaplain Corps (Christian) Chaplain Corps Chaplain Corps (Jewish) (Muslim) Supply Corps Judge Advocate General's Corps IV. Washington. Chaplains work on shore. Both programs provide the opportunity for outstanding senior enlisted personnel to compete for a commission without need for a college degree. 126 . religious education. service members. OICs. The Judge Advocate General directs an organization of more than 730 judge advocates in addition to other enlisted and civilian personnel. Combined. and in the field with all branches of the naval service. including worship services. LDOs progressively advance within broad technical fields related to their former enlisted ratings. and provides legal and policy advice to the Secretary of the Navy in all legal matters. XOs and COs. LDOs serve as. pastoral counseling.Judge Advocate General Corps The JAG corps was established in 1967 and is composed of lawyers who provide legal services to commands. department heads. Navy Band Officers Officers in the Navy Band are Limited Duty Officers who started their careers by enlisting in the Navy Band. Limited Duty Officers (LDOs) As officer technical managers of the Line or Staff Corps. ashore or afloat. and their families. LDOs wear identical rank structure to that of Unrestricted Line officers. and basic promotion of spiritual and moral welfare. Chaplain Corps Officers in the Chaplain Corps are ordained ministers of various denominations and religions recognized by the Department of Defense. Upon commissioning. The Limited Duty Officer and Chief Warrant Officer Programs Limited duty officer and chief warrant officer are two separate programs which provide the Navy with officer technical managers and technical. division officers. on ships. and the US Naval Academy Band. they are assigned to one of fourteen bands. They fill leadership and management positions at the ensign through captain level that require technical background and skills not attainable through normal development within other officer designators. They provide religious ministries to naval service personnel and families. Lateral transfers into the Chaplain Corps are not allowed. but are not limited to serving as. Senior billets are those with the Navy Band. and will rotate every two to three years.
and may also attain command within their own corps. Officers in the Staff Corps provide various highly specialized services necessary to Naval bases. Restricted Line officers are not generally eligible for command at sea. Restricted Line officers wear rank insignia identical to those of Unrestricted Line officers. department heads. (The United States Naval Academy is committed to graduating Unrestrestriced Line Officers. Unlike Line officers. OICs. Staff Corps officers may command auxiliary vessels and various shore activities. and their families.Chief Warrant Officers(CWOs) Although intended primarily as technical specialists. The corps insignia replaces the star worn by line officers on sleeves and shoulder boards. but each year exceptions are made that allow Midshipmen to go Restricted Line. Chief Warrant Officer Rank Structure of the United States Navy CWO5 CWO4 CWO3 CWO2 V. Differences between Unrestricted Line. CWOs wear special insignia above the rank devices on their shoulder boards and sleeves to indicate their field of expertise. Staff Corps officers wear their rank on the right collar. service members. they may command auxiliary vessels and various shore activities. CWOs may also serve as division officers. ashore or afloat. and their corps insignia device on the left collar. Like Staff Corps officers. and Staff Corps Officers Unrestricted Line officers serve in all warfare communities in the United States Navy and are eligible for command opportunities both at sea and ashore. The ranks of CWO start at CWO2 and end at CWO5. Restricted Line. however. These are the primary officer communities in the Navy. technical services that directly support the missions of the United States Naval Service. X0 and CO. 127 .) Restricted Line Officer communities provide highly specialized.
Frag orders usually contain the mission (paragraph II) and execution (paragraph III). and initiates subordinate unit mission planning. Situation – This paragraph provides details on both friendly and enemy personnel operating in your area of operations. It usually describes the situation. 3. Operation Order (OSMEAC) Orientation – Gives a brief description of the terrain you will be operating in. 1. BAMCIS . The Orders Process 1. II. Types of Orders Operation Order Overview The operations order provides a means of directing and influencing your unit to synchronize actions toward accomplishing a mission. 2. Below are each of the five paragraphs. provides other initial planning guidance. Administration & Logistics – This paragraph focuses on medical issues. 1 Appendix A . along with any other parts that have changed since the original order was issued. Warning Order – A warning order is a preliminary notice of an order or action which is to follow. Execution – This is where we communicate the plan (solution) for our problem (the mission) we are tasked to accomplish. water. Start with the last action for which time is given (i. doing What. Understanding the impact terrain has on your movement and mission will help you to come up with a feasible solution. Band -Aids. and how they work together. A warning order will often be issued at the start of the planning process to allow unit members time to prepare for the upcoming operation. to Whom. Command & Signal – Concludes the order by discussing how events will be communicated throughout the operation. establishes command relationships. food.APPENDIX A : IMPORTANT INFORMATION FOR MIDSHIPMEN INTERESTED IN A COMMISSION INTO THE UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS (Non-testable Material) I. time of attack) and work backward. Mission – A short statement containing five “W’s”. Begin Planning – To plan the use of time. what kind of information they contain. Enemy Prisoners of War handling. allocates forces and resources. When is Who. All five paragraphs work together to coordinate your resources into a plan on how you will reach the goal of mission accomplishment. This information is useful in determining a course of action (COA). and Why. We remember the details involved in this portion using the four “B’s”: Beans. Fragmentary Order (Frag O) – A fragmentary order is an order that is usually issued on a day-to-day basis that eliminates the need for restating information contained in a basic operations order. We imply discretion to subordinates in determining how they accomplish their tasks. Bullets. and what the order will be for succession of command in the event of the unit leader becomes a casualty.The Marine Corps is tasked day to day or complex operations and uses the acronym BAMCIS as a guide to the six steps of troop leading procedures. We will also discuss where key personnel are going to be located. and ammunition needed to accomplish the mission. We provide enough detail to direct how to accomplish the mission without being too detailed where we lose initiative from subordinates. the Marine Corps uses reverse planning.e. and Bad Guys. The order consists of an orientation and five paragraphs.
plan for forseeable events. Corps. USMC Leadership Leadership Traits Leadership traits are the qualities of character that everyone possesses in some capacity. and personal conduct at all times. stress. “Inspect what ou expect ” III. Be Technically And Tactically Proficient Seek a well rounded military education. Complete Plan – After the unit leader’s estimate of the situation on the enemy has been either confirmed or denied (based off the actual reconnaissance made). 5. Arrange for Reconnaissance – Before the unit leader can complete the plan. The unit leader for that mission is ultimately responsible and accountable for mission accomplishment. Have a definite goal and work to attain it. fatigue. Leadership principles Leadership principles are time tested and proven guidelines of leadership. Know Yourself And Seek Self Improvement Analyze yourself objectively. Knowledge The understanding of a science or an art. A good way to remember the 14 leadership traits is by the acronym “JJ DID TIE BUCKLE”. Loyalty The quality of faithfulness to country. Announce decisions in time to permit subordinates to make necessary plans. Initiative Taking action in the absence of orders. Keep abreast of current developments in the military community. Capitalize on strengths and strive to overcome weaknesses. Seek Responsibility And Take Responsibility For Your Actions Definition of responsibility: A duty or obligation for which you are answerable and held accountable. Integrity The uprightness and soundness of moral principles. Make Reconnaissance – This is the actual conduct. Justice Giving reward and punishment according to the merits of the case in question. Issue Order – This will be the final order issued for the mission. Decisiveness The ability to make decisions promptly and announce them in a clear. Seek opportunities to practice skills. 4. but is issued orally. seniors and subordinates. forceful manner. the unit leader completes the plan. 3. assumptions about the enemy must be confirmed. appearance. Dependability The certainty of proper performance of duty. Bearing The creating of a favorable impression in carriage. Endurance An individual’s mental and physical stamina measured by the ability to withstand pain. The operation order (OSMEAC) can be written. of the unit leader’s reconnaissance of the enemy. Have the courage of your convictions. but enables a man to proceed in the face of it with calmness and firmness. and hardship. The range of one's information. Accept just criticism and admit mistakes. When time and the situation permit. or execution. The quality of truthfulness and honesty. Courage The mental quality that recognizes fear of danger or criticism. 1. Judgment The ability to weigh facts and possible solutions on which to base sound decisions. A leader’s reconnaissance is arranged to confirm the unit leader’s estimate of the situation. Unselfishness Avoidance of providing for one's own comfort and personal advancement at the expense of others. Make Sound And Timely Decisions Develop a logical and orderly thought process. Tact The ability to deal with others with respect. 2. The ability to administer a system of rewards and punishments impartially. Set The Example 2 Appendix A . Supervise – Supervision is continuous and occurs throughout the entire combat orders process for a mission. Enthusiasm The display of sincere interest and exuberance in the performance of duty. Good leaders have developed these qualities as strengths.
Employ Your Unit In Accordance With Its Capabilities Ensure the tasks assigned are reasonable. Use the full capabilities of your unit before requesting assistance. Defense. Supervised and Accomplished Encourage subordinates to seek immediate clarification of orders they do not understand. Keep Your Men Informed When possible. Keep your unit informed about current legislation and regulations which effect them. Train Your Men As A Team Ensure training is meaningful and its purpose is clear to all members of the unit. Explain to each person his importance in the effectiveness of his unit. Ensure That The Task Is Understood.marines. Encourage individual development and self-improvement. 7. Develop A Sense Of Responsibility In Your Subordinates Operate through the chain of command. Question your Marines to determine if there is a misunderstanding. 6. not how to do it. explain why tasks must be done. and Support Air Traffic Control Officer (LAAD Male Only) Notes Male Only Male Only Male Only Male Only 3 Appendix A . 9.com/becoming-a-marine/career-tool/officer-career-opportunities Below is a chart of Ground MOSs students can be assigned at TBS: MOS Description Adjutant Ground Intelligence Human Source Intelligence Signals Intelligence Aviation Intelligence Infantry Logistics Communications Artillery Combat Engineer Tanks & Amphibious Assault Vehicles Ground Supply Financial Management Motor Transport Public Affairs Military Police Aircraft Maintenance Aviation Supply Air Control.Maintain your bearing. Know Your Men And Look Out For Their Welfare Concern yourself with the living conditions of your Marines. Assign personnel to positions in accordance with demonstrated or potential ability. Master your emotions. Stop rumors by replacing them with truth. Periodically inspect their progress. 8. Ensure that each subordinate leader knows and understands the members of his unit. 11. Share danger and hardship with your Marines. Maintain an optimistic outlook. Assign tasks equitably among elements of your unit. http://www. Tell your subordinates what to do. 10. Let your men know that you will accept honest errors without recrimination. Exercise care and thought in supervision. Ensure that channels of communication are kept open.
History Lebanon On 25 August 1982. The 1st and 2d Marine Divisions’ mission was to conduct a frontal attack through two Iraqi minefield/obstacle belts. which was then surrounded by US forces. Marines landed in Beirut. headed by the US armed forces took up positions in the Persian Gulf and the surrounding countries. The President was concerned about the safety of American lives and the deteriorating political situation. The US first established air supremacy and then started the ground campaign. Marines landed ashore in order to rescue American medical students held captive in Grenada. On 23 October 1983 the Marine barracks at the Beirut International Airport was bombed. the Marines departed the city. The Marine forces at sea executed an amphibious demonstration. President Bush ordered a military buildup in the region in concert with the government of Saudi Arabia to halt further aggression by Hussein. all organized resistance had ceased and the mission was accomplished.IV. Operation DESERT STORM was a success. Immediately. This operation was named Operation JUST CAUSE. The Army was then able to hit the Iraqis with a "left hook". all of the PLO members were evacuated from the city of Beirut. During “Desert Shield". The abandoned Saudi frontier town of Al-Khafji was the site of the first ground engagement with Iraqi forces. Because of these demonstrations. In January 1991 the war began. Iraqi President Saddam Hussein ordered his armed forces to invade its southern neighbor Kuwait. Panama Relations between Panama's leader Manuel Noriega and the US government deteriorated in the 1980’s due to his alleged drug involvement and election fraud. 4 Appendix A . Marine and Army units searched Panama City for days trying to capture the evasive Noriega. Marines at sea helped enforce a maritime blockade of Iraqi shipping. President Bush ordered US forces to invade Panama and to apprehend Manuel Noriega. The resulting explosion leveled the four-story building used by the Marines as a barracks and headquarters. to apprehend Noriega and bring him to justice. The mission had several objectives: To install the rightfully elected officials in the Panamanian government. advancing around their left flank deep into Iraq. a suicide terrorist drove a five-ton truck loaded with explosives into the lobby of the Marine barracks. The Marines mission was to help evacuate the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) to help stabilize the situation. After a 12-day stalemate and through the use of psychological warfare. The deployment of US forces was called Operation DESERT SHIELD. the Iraqis committed three divisions to defending the Kuwaiti coast against an amphibious landing. Persian Gulf War On 2 August 1990. 241 Marines and Sailors died in the attack. Noriega sought refuge in the Vatican embassy. President Reagan ordered a joint Marine and Army force to land on the small Caribbean island of Grenada. Operation URGENT FURY began at 0500 on 25 October. and to restore peace to the Panamanian people. The 100-hour battle proved the lethal effectiveness of our well-trained and disciplined Marines. The country was engaged in an intense civil war between various political factions. the Marines returned to Lebanon and conducted a combined surface and helicopter landing into the Beirut International Airport. At 0622 that Sunday morning. By 31 August. the duly elected government was installed as the ruling government of Panama. When the civil war worsened. Coalition forces. Noriega surrendered to American forces. The Navy and Marine Corps team conducted many highly publicized amphibious "rehearsals" to show the Iraqis their capabilities. On 20 December 1989. Grenada In October 1983. After completing their mission. After Noriega's deportation. Lebanon. By 28 October. done to divert Iraqis' attention to the fake amphibious landing.
humanitarian relief. nearly 3. and Sri Lanka to assist in disaster relief operations. Nicaragua. and in the Central American nations of Honduras. The UN failed to restore order to Somalia so they called on the US to help withdraw UN forces from the country.Somalia Somalia is an East African nation that lost half a million people to starvation and drought in the late 1980’s.000 Marines and sailors conducted search and rescue. airport. and Guatemala. anarchy reigned as fourteen clans vied for control. a tsunami struck numerous nations in the Indian Ocean region killing more than 150. El Salvador. The UN took command of the operation and the Marines withdrew. Once ashore. The Marines landed in Mogadishu on 9 December 1992. the Marines returned in 1995 during Operation UNITED SHIELD. The Marines were engaged in 27 firefights during the evacuation of UN forces. and the abandoned US Embassy. Humanitarian and disaster relief Humanitarian and disaster relief operations were also conducted by Marines during 1998 in Kenya. After a two-year absence. Marine units from were immediately deployed to Thailand. Indonesia. Their mission was to secure the port complex. Marines broke the gridlock of food distribution and established humanitarian relief sectors in central and southern Somalia. 5 Appendix A . and disaster recovery operations in Louisiana and Mississippi in the aftermath of hurricanes Katrina and Rita. 2004.000 and causing enormous devastation. By 1993 the Marines successfully stopped the widespread starvation. Somalia's government disintegrated after an uprising of armed warrior clans began in the north in 1988. In 1999. By 1991. Marine units deployed to Kosovo in support of Operation ALLIED FORCE. In December. In September and October of 2005.
NAME _______________________________ ALPHA ______________ COMPANY _______ .
Discuss appropriate conduct while in uniform.6P] 1.6P I. 2. ____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date III. 2.6P PKF EPCC CDT1020. 4. USNA Uniforms [ref.1 .4/C MIDSHIPMAN QUALIFICATION STANDARDS Professional Knowledge References: (a) Professional Knowledge Reference Manual (b) Etiquette and Protocol. Demonstrate the proper way to enter an office and report to a superior.3B CDT5400. Discuss how to board and debark a naval vessel.Customs and Courtesies Book (c) COMDTMIDNINST 1020. (a) PKF. Fraternization 4. and major accomplishments all notable graduates listed in your PKF. 1. 3. 3. Describe the components and occasions for wear of Service Dress Uniforms. Discrimination C. 5. 5. class year. (a) PKF. (c) CDT1020. Describe the components and occasions for wear of the blue and gold jogging suit. Midshipmen Regulations [(d) CDT5400. Discuss appropriate conduct at Colors. ____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date II. Military Customs and Courtesies/USNA Notable Graduates [ref. Be able to identify by name. (b) EPCC] Understand WHEN to salute. Describe the components and occasions for wear of Working Uniforms.3B (d) COMDTMIDNINST 5400. Describe the components and occasions for wear of Full Dress Uniforms. Hazing B. 6. 4. 6.3B] Describe the components and occasions for wear of Dinner Dress (Formal Dress) Uniforms. Discuss the definition and regulations regarding the following topics in Midshipmen Regulations: A. Sexual Harassment D. Identify proper hair regulations (both male and female) for MIDN. 1.
3. List the Administrative and Operational Chains of Commands. Warfare Communities and Maritime Strategy [ref. 1. ____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date V. 4. Define: “rating. Navy Enlisted Personnel [ref. 3. Explain different ways the nation has used the navy over its history. State the make-up of a Carrier Strike Group (CSG) and an Amphibious Readiness Group (ARG). 5. (a) PKS] 1. acronyms included. Recognize and identify the enlisted ratings specified in the Pro-Manual. Controlled Substances IV. Name the relationship between the Commander in Chief (CINC) and his subordinates (National Security Council. State the responsibilities of the Chief of Naval Operations (CNO). 2.” “pay grade. (a) PKS] Name and describe the 5 types of enlisted service schools. and locations. 6. Name the Numbered Fleets and locations. (a) PKS] 1. 3.S. 3. 4. United States Navy History [ref. Understand the concept of the Maritime Strategy.” and “rank” and understand the differences. 4. Associate Mahan and the idea of using a fleet to engage enemy fleets. 2.E. 4. 2. 2. 4. outlined in the ProManual.2 . their roles. Navy Service Organization and the Mission of the Naval Service [ref. List the Expanded Core Capabilities of the Maritime Power. 5. 1. Joint Chiefs of Staff). ____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date VII. List the general apprenticeships and the associated insignia color. ____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date VI. Explain commerce raiding. List and describe the 12 Operational Mission Areas. Show an awareness of naval efforts to participate in the delivery of nuclear weapons. Navy Operations Mission Areas. State the responsibilities of the Secretary of the Navy (SecNav). (a) PKS] Display knowledge of the people and events listed in your Pro-Manual. U. State the Unified Combatant Commands.
Discuss the Enlisted advancement system for: E4-E6. (a) PKS] Discuss the meaning of “Every Marine a Rifleman. (a) PKS] _________ Date VIII. (a) PKS] 1. ____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature [ref. 4. USMC Enduring Principles and Organization [ref. 3. 2. LHD. PC). 2. Visually identify and describe the ships of the US Navy listed in the Pro-manual (CVN. including max speed 4. 3. courtesies. 2.” Identify Marine officer and enlisted ranks. List and be able to recognize enlisted ranks. Display detailed knowledge of USMC customs. Know the locations and stations of the Marine Expeditionary Forces. State the four weapons safety rules. LHA. DDG. Define and describe the Marine Air-Ground Task Force (MAGTF). and E8-E9. MCM. ____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date IX. Marine Logistics Groups and Marine Air Wings. FFG. Surface Warfare [ref. E7. 5. USMC Personnel. 7. and traditions listed in your ProManual. Discuss the enduring principles outlined in the Pro-Manual. 6. Describe the duties of a Petty Officer. CG. a Chief Petty Officer (CPO).3 . Identify and describe the basic individual USMC infantry weapons.5. USMC History and Traditions 1. Have a comprehensive knowledge of the capabilities of each with emphasis on: A. LPD. ____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date XI. Provide an overall understanding of basic USMC officer and enlisted training. 6. and a Master Chief Petty Officer (MCPO). Marine Divisions. Physical characteristics. 1. Display detailed knowledge of USMC history listed in your Pro-Manual. State the mission of a Rifle Platoon. LCS. ____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date X. LSD. (a) PKS] 1. Training and Individual Weapons [ref.
____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date 6. ASW. Mk45.4 . surface. C. Identify examples of current locations where these missions are being implemented. ____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date 4. etc). Mission B. SM-2. SM-3. MIO [including counter-piracy]. BMD. 76mm. Describe the career highlights of Admiral Arleigh Burke with particular emphasis on the Little Beavers. Describe the capabilities and composition of the Riverine Squadrons and Maritime Expeditionary Security Squadrons. NSSM. Primary air. VLS. E. LAMPS).B. and the Trident Missile Program. STW. Launch platforms ____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date 5. D. Know his USNA class and his place of burial. Define and describe the primary missions of Navy ships (ASUW. Describe the Battle of Leyte Gulf. George. including general descriptions of the Battle of Surigao Strait and the Battle off Samar. Mk 46. Range C. EW. Identify and describe the major weapons systems on surface ships (Tomahawk. Identify the force capabilities of Navy Expeditionary Combat Command. CIWS. the Revolt of the Admirals. Have a comprehensive knowledge of the capabilities of each with emphasis on: A. ____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date 4. ____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date 3. and subsurface sensors Weapons employed Number/type of engines Crew complement ____________________ Signature _________ Date ____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha 2. the Battle of Cape St. ESSM.
____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date 5. ISR. Search and Rescue. ASW. including max speed (unclassified) B. CVN-21. ____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date 8. Physical characteristics. ____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date 4. ____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date 3. SSBN and SSGN. (a) PKS] 1.5 . ISR). Visually identify and describe the mission of the SSN. surface and subsurface sensors C. Strategic Deterrence. Define and describe the Undersea Warfare (USW) primary missions (ASUW. Describe the actions of Admiral Richard O’Kane aboard the USS Tang (SS-306) in WWII. Counter Narcotics. ____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date 4. Describe the career highlights of John Philip Holland with particular emphasis on his contribution to the development of the submarine. Mine Laying. ____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date XII. Weapons employed D. Strike. Crew composition ____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date 2. Describe the notional capabilities of LCS. Describe how the actions of the Taffy 3 destroyers during the Battle off Samar exemplify the Navy core value of Courage. and DDG-1000. Undersea Warfare [ref. Identify examples of current locations where these missions are being implemented. Demonstrate an overall understanding of the history of the Submarine Force.7. Have a comprehensive knowledge of the capabilities of each with emphasis on: A. Primary air.
6 . ____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date 5. Describe the actions of Admiral Eugene B Fluckey aboard the USS Barb (SS-220) in WWII. ____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date 8.6. ____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date XIII. ____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date 4. Navy Air Warfare [ref. ____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date 7. ____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date 4. State the composition of a Carrier Air Wing (CVW). Name the first naval aviator. Discuss in detail the importance and achievements of Eugene Ely. naval air station. and aircraft carrier. Describe the JO career pipeline for submarine officers. Describe the force organization and typical operational unit assignment within the submarine community. ____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date 3. Discuss the 5 focus areas and 10 types of operations. (a) PKS] 1. ____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date 2. State the Air Warfare Mission definition.
Navy Air Warfare Platforms [ref. Be able to visually identify and describe the capabilities and missions of all current USMC weapons. Vehicles and Aircraft [ref. Explain the different types of non-precision weapons. Discuss Pros and Cons of Tactical Aircraft (TACAIR) vs. ____________________ ________ ____________________ _________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha Signature Date 2. (a) PKS] State the Strike Warfare mission definition. 3. Identify their respective warfare insignia. 2. Explain the guidance systems of the UGM-109 Tomahawk (TLAM). 1. ____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date XVI.6. ____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature 4.). ____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date XV.7 _________ Date . USMC Weapons. 5. ____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date 7. (a) PKS] 1. Discuss in detail the importance and achievements of Vice Admiral James Stockdale. Discuss the roles of Naval Aviators. Discuss the different options and the advantages/disadvantages used in Strike Warfare. and unmanned aerial vehicles (UCAS. (a) PKS] 1. Strike Warfare [ref. Be able to visually identify and describe the capabilities and missions of all current naval air platforms outlined in the Pro-Manual. ____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date XIV. the E-2D Advanced Hawkeye. Cruise Missiles. 6. Naval Flight Officers. RQ-8. Explain the different types of precision weapons. 7. etc. vehicles and aircraft outlined in the Pro-Manual. Discuss the future of Air Warfare to include the F-35C Lighting. Explain the importance of precision guidance. and Naval Air Crewmen. 4.
Describe the training pipeline to become a Sea. 2.8 _________ Date . 10. MRAP.XVII. 5. Special Forces Combat Assault Rifle (SCAR). M-4 SOPMOD. Have a basic understanding of EOD history and the development of today’s EOD Technician. Understand the different Navy Diver classifications and qualifications. 2. (a) PKS] 1. Mark VIII SDV. 3. ____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature 4. Describe the function of the Navy Oceanography Operations Command. Special Warfare [ref. 6. List the officer communities in the Information Dominance Corps. Describe the difference between Electronic Attack (EA). 3. 5. List and describe the composition of the 2 EOD Groups. ____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date XIX. 7. 9. Describe the Purpose of the Indications and Warning (I&W). 11m RHIB. 1. EOD Packbot. PAN Disruptor. Air and Land (SEAL) officer. Describe EOD-specific tools and equipment: MK16 UBA. TALON. 6. EOD IX Bomb Suit. Mine Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) vehicle 6. List and define the three levels of intelligence. 2. List three network domains and associated classification level. 4. information and intelligence. and Electronic Protection (EP). Describe three types of NSW teams. 4. Identify missions and capabilities of NSW craft and equipment: Mark V SOC. (a) PKS] Provide a working definition of Naval Special Warfare (NSW). Explosive Ordnance Disposal [ref. Have a basic understanding of NSW history. ____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date XVIII. Describe the missions of Naval Special Warfare. Describe the EOD training pipeline. 8. 3. Describe the different EOD missions. Describe the role of the Cryptologic Resource Coordinator (CRC). 4. Information Dominance Corps [ref. Describe the relationship of data. (a) PKS] 1. 5. Describe the mission of the Information Dominance Corps (IDC). Describe the basic concept of the Battlespace on Demand (BonD).
Discuss the importance of the Deck Log.10G] 1. Restricted Line/ Staff Corps Officer [ref.10G (b) COMDTMIDNINST 1600. Watch Standing [ref. 4.4B BJM I. 2. Describe the role of the Limited Duty Officer (LDO) and Chief Warrant Officer (CWO). Understand the difference between a Bomb Threat and a Bomb Incident. ____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date Character Development and Training References: (a) COMDTMIDNINST 1601. ____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date 4. 6. 7. 8. (a) CDT1601. List the responsibilities of the Company Mate of the Deck (CMOD). 4. 5. 9. Explain the steps one should take if receiving a bomb threat by phone. Qualify as the Company Mate of the Deck (CMOD). Describe the SWO option for the IDC Communities. Medical Service. Discuss the role of fleet support officers and the two new communities they transferred into. Explain what entries must be included in the Deck Log. List the four Information Dominance Corps Officer Communities. 8. Dental. Describe the difference between an Engineering Duty Officer (EDO). 5. Describe the differences between the four Information Dominance Corps Officer Communities. List the responsibilities of the Main Office Messenger (MOM).10G CDT1600. Discuss who and when to salute while standing CMOD.9 . 3.XX.4B (c) Blue Jackets Manual CDT1601. Describe the differences between the Medical. 9. 7. ____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date 10. List the five Staff Corps communities and their associated corps insignia. 6. Recite the General Orders and discuss how they pertain to watch at USNA. an Aerospace Engineering Duty Officer (AEDO) and Aerospace Maintenance Duty Officer (AMDO). and Nurse Corps. List the 9 Restricted Line communities. 3. Discuss the importance of Watch and the specific purposes for the Bancroft Hall Watch. 2. (a) PKS] 1.
____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date 4. Submit a written report/project on a distinguished graduate or Medal of Honor recipient to your squad. [ref. Participate in a U. to expand upon professional knowledge to 4/C peers. Qualify as the Regimental Mate of the Deck (RMOD). Complete a project/report on a military platform of choice. and provide a written response to your Squad Leader. incorporating some visual aid. ____________________ ________ Print Name (ADJ) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date 12. incorporating some visual aid (poster.11. (a) S&A] ____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date 3. Discuss the role of a 3/C Midshipman with a 3/C Midshipman in company. Understand how to read the Midshipman LES 4. etc. ____________________ ________ Print Name (ADJ) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date II. [ref. (b) CDT1600. Establish sound financial habits. ____________________ ________ Print Name (Sqd Ldr) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date 5. Holocaust Memorial Museum Character Workshop. Qualify as the Main Office Messenger (MOM). Log onto MyPay B.). Personal Development 1. ____________________ ________ Print Name (Sqd Ldr) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date 6.4B] ____________________ ________ Print Name (3/C Midn) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date 2.10 .S. A. Assemble and deliver a formal presentation on a current world affair to peers. PowerPoint.
Discuss the Navy Core Values of Honor. Rising 3/C: Junior Enlisted Reading List Book Selected: _____________________________________________ ____________________ ________ Print Name (Sqd Ldr) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date III. A.mil/books. ____________________ ________ Print Name Alpha (TRNG/MAG Rep) ____________________ Signature _________ Date 8.aspx?q=Division) and read over the summer (complete before reform).navyreading.____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date 7. Discuss with your Company SHAPE Peer Educator the following items and your understanding of their relevance to your role as a midshipman. Courage. Participate in a community outreach/service project. ____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature 4. Discuss the differences between the Honor Concept at USNA and those at USMA and USAFA. Effects of sexual harassment on working environment ____________________ ________ Print Name (SHAPE Educator) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date 9. Definitions of sexual assault and sexual harassment B. Rising 1/C: CNO’s Division Leader Reading List (service selection specific) B. and Commitment with your Company Officer. The methods perpetrators of sexual assault use and how to reduce your risk D.11 _________ Date . Navy Core Values and the Honor Concept 1. Rising 2/C: LPO Reading List C. A. Bystander intervention C. ____________________ ________ Print Name (CO) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date 2.navy. Prepare for next year: pick a book from the respective CNO Reading List (http://www.
Take and score the Marine Corps Physical Fitness Test (PFT). Discuss the honor hearing process with a 3/C. Demonstrate an understanding of the role and responsibility of a 3/C and a 4/C within the Honor System. ____________________ ________ Print Name (3/C Midn) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date 4. ____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Score _________ Date _________ Score _________ Date 2.12 .3. ____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature 4. USMC Physical Evaluations 1. ____________________ ________ Print Name (CoC) Alpha ____________________ Signature _________ Date IV. Take and score the Marine Corps Combat Fitness Test (CFT).
Air and Land Secretary of the Navy Staff Non-Commissioned Officers Tomahawk Undersea Warfare Executive Officer 4.13 .Table of Acronyms AEDO AMDO CINC CMC CMOD CNA CND CNE CNO CO CPO CVW CWO DH DO EDO EEBD GIG IA IO LCPO LDO MAGTF MCPO MEU MOM MRAP NCO NSW RMOD SCAR SEAL SecNav SNCO TLAM USW XO Aerospace Engineering Duty Officer Aerospace Maintenance Duty Officer Commander in Chief Command Master Chief Company Mate of the Deck Computer Network Attack Computer Network Defense Computer Network Exploitation Chief of Naval Operations Commanding Officer Chief Petty Officer Carrier Air Wing Chief Warrant Officer Department Heads Division Officers Engineering Duty Officer Emergency Escape Breathing Device Global Information Grid Information Assurance Information Operations Leading Chief Petty Officers Limited Duty Officer Marine Air-Ground Task Force Master Chief Petty Officer Marine Expeditionary Unit Main Office Messenger Mine Resistant Ambush Protected Non-Commissioned Officers Naval Special Warfare Regimental Mate of the Deck Special Forces Combat Assault Rifle Sea.
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