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Firestarters Balancing Chemical Equations Law of Conservation of Matter


Mass is neither created nor destroyed in any ordinary chemical reaction. If the Law of Conservation of matter if true, if we know what reactants we start with and what products are produced from a chemical reaction, we can predict the relative about of products produced from a chemical reaction. For example: For every two atoms of magnesium metal (Mg) and one molecule of oxygen gas (O2) consumed in the reaction below, 2 molecules of magnesium oxide (MgO) will be produced. 2 Mg(s) + O2 (g) 2MgO(s) Lets look at some example chemical reactions involving firestarters: Hexamine: (C6H124) Hexamine is also the primary ingredient in Esbit fuel tablets. These fuel tablets have a very high energy density, burn smokelessly, leave no ashes, and do not liquefy. They are traditionally used for cooking purposes by campers and military organizations. Esbit fuel tablets are very lightweight and portable, but the heat they produce is difficult to control, and the fumes it produces are noxious. Some people are allergic to the compound, which can be absorbed through the skin. Thermite: (Al + Fe2O3) is a pyrotechnic composition of a metal powder and a metal oxide, which produces an aluminothermic reaction known as a thermite reaction. Most varieties are not explosive, but can create short bursts of extremely high temperatures focused on a very small area for a short period of time. Thermite hand grenades and charges are typically used by armed forces in both an anti-materiel role and in the partial destruction of equipment, the latter being common when time is not available for safer or more thorough methods. Because standard iron-thermite is difficult to ignite, burns with practically no flame and has a small radius of action, standard thermite is rarely used on its own as an incendiary composition. Cellulose: (CH2O)The structural component of the primary cell wall of green plants, many forms of algae. Some species of bacteria secrete it to form biofilms. Cellulose is the most common organic compound on Earth. About 33% of all plant matter is cellulose (the cellulose content of cotton is 90% and that of wood is 4050%) Potassium Chlorate, Sugar and Sulfuric Acid: KClO3, is a white, crystalline or powdery solid which is a very good oxidizing agent; it is used in explosives, fireworks, matches, etc. When it decomposes under heating (especially in the presence of a manganese catalyst), it releases molecular oxygen, O2: