There is no zakaah on machinery; zakaah of one who is in debt aresfrur More Sharing ServicesShare Share on facebook Share on twitter

Share on myspace S hare on email Share on print My brother need help to calculate zakat..... he is not sure what will be his zak at as he has loans and his deposits are just three months old...though he has ma chinery in his factory....will he pay zakat on that... kindly explain the situat ion so i can make him understand. Praise be to Allaah. Firstly: Whoever possesses wealth on which zakaah is due, and owes a debt, must pay the z akaah; the debt does not make any difference. This is the view of Imam al-Shaafa’i (may Allaah have mercy on him). That is because of the general meaning of the evidence which indicates that zaka ah is due on one who possesses wealth that reaches the minimum threshold (nisaab ). The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to send his agents to collect zakaah, and he did not tell them to ask whether those who had wealth owed debts or not. Zakaah has to do with the wealth itself, and the debt has to do with the person’s obligations, and the one does not rule out the other. Shaykh Ibn Baaz (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: As for the debt that he owe s, that does nor rule out zakaah according to the soundest scholarly opinion. En d quote from Majmoo’ Fataawa al-Shaykh Ibn Baaz, 14/189. Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: What I think is most li kely to be correct is that zakaah is obligatory regardless of debt; even if a pe rson owes a debt that reduces the nisaab, except a debt which is due before zaka ah before due, in which case he should pay it off and then pay zakaah on whateve r is left after that. End quote from al-Sharh al-Mumti’, 6/39. See: al-Majmoo’, 5/317; Nihaayat al-Muhtaaj, 3/133; al-Mawsoo’ah al-Fiqhiyyah, 23/24 7. Based on this, if one year has passed since the wealth reached the nisaab, then your brother has to pay zakaah, regardless of any debts he may owe. But if the t ime for paying the debt comes before the time for praying zakaah, then he should pay off the debt, then pay zakaah on what is left. Secondly: If a person owns the nisaab in cash and one year has passed, then he should pay zakaah at a rate of one-quarter of one-tenth (2.5%). This nisaab is the equivale nt of 85 grams of gold or 595 grams of silver. The reckoning of the year begins when he takes possession of the nisaab, not whe n he puts it in the bank. If he invests this money in a manner that is acceptable in sharee’ah, then he must pay zakaah on both the capital and the profit at the time when he pays zakaah o n the capital.

Majmoo’ Fataawa wa Maqalaat Mutanawwi’ah by Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn Baaz. an’aam animals (camels. if on e year has passed since he acquired it. according to the more correct of the two scholarly opinions. subject to the condition that there be no interest. cars or buildings that a person owns. the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) would h ave told his agents to ask the people who were paying zakaah whether they had an y debts or not. because of the general meaning of the evidence that zakaah is obligatory upon everyone who has wealth on which zakaah is due. when one year has pas sed since he acquired it. then the year for the capital comes. the bottles of perfume-sellers. Thirdly: Zakaah is only due on the types of wealth specified in sharee’ah. cattle. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to command his agen ts to take zakaah from those who owed zakaah. there is no zakaah on them. because they are trade goods. because it is connected to the capital. he must pay zakaah on both the capital and the profit. 49677 a nd 22392. no zakaah on due on these.If the money earns a profit in the last three months of the year. and he did not tell them to ask th em whether they had any debts or not. the belongi ngs of merchants. Shaykh Ibn Baaz (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: Zakaah is due from owners o f printing presses or factories only on things that are prepared for sale. and so on . so these are su bject to the zakaah on trade goods. the jars of grocers. and one-quarter of one-tenth of their value should be paid. and it is a major sin. sheep and goats) and trade goods. It should be noted that putting money in the bank in return for interest is a ki nd of riba which Allaah and His Messenger have forbidden. And they contain fixtures and fittings that are not intended for sale. furniture and vessels that are prepared for use – no zakaah is due on th em. 14/51 “… But if you pay off the debt with cash in hand before one year has passed. End qu ote. there i . except if he intend s to sell them (those bottles and jars) with their contents. The same applies to cars. to protect i t. As fo r things that are prepared for use. See questions no. 14/186 The one who has any “zakatable” wealth must pay zakaah on it. It says in Kashshaaf al-Qinaa’ (2/244): No zakaah is due on machinery. such as cash mon ey. ev en though one year has not yet passed for the profit. Factories usually contain products and goods that are for trade. even if he has debts. because of the report narrated by Abu Dawood (may Allaah have mercy on him) in his Sunan with a hasan isnaad from Samurah ibn Jundub (may Allaah be pleased with him). even if he has debts. No zakaah is due on houses. End quote from Majmoo’ Fataawa al-Shaykh Ibn Baaz. and the same applies to those who deal with oil and honey. who said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be u pon him) commanded us to pay zakaah on that which we had prepared for sale. unless one intends to trad e in them. If having debts meant that one did not hav e to pay zakaah. It is permissible to put money in the bank in cases of necessarily. In that case he mus t pay zakaah for both bottles and contents. Their value should be estimated at the end o f the year.

Moreover. Majmoo’ Fataawa al-Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen. zakaah must be paid on wealth. but whoever is in debt. All-Knower” [al-Tawbah 9:103] And according to the hadeeth narrated by al-Bukhaari from Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him). debt has to do with personal obligations towards others. and Allaah is All-Hearer. saying: O Allaa h. Each person must fear his Lord and pay zakaah on the wealth that is in his posse ssion. he has to pay zakaah on the wealth that is in his possession. if one year has passed and it reaches the minimum threshold (n isaab). not with the person’s obligations towards others. that should take precedence over zak .” This indicates that if a debt is currently due to b e paid. They are two separate issues. however. then pay zakaah on what is left after that if it reaches the minimum threshold at which zakaah becomes due. in that case we say: Pay off the debt. rather zakaah is due on whatever is left.s no zakaah on what you have spent to pay off the debt. so that he ma y discharge his duty of paying his debts. Perhaps if he pays zakaah on the wealth that is in his possession. so that he always sees himself as being in need and not able to pay zakaah. As the texts a re general in meaning. and was paying it off at a rate of ten thousand per year – does he h ave to pay zakaah? He replied: Yes. when the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon hi m) sent Mu’aadh to Yemen he said: “Tell them that Allaah has enjoined zakaah from th eir wealth. because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “Take Sadaqah (alms) from their wealth in order to purify them and sanctify them w ith it. 18/39 And he said. Similarly. that may be a means of bringing blessing to this wealth and causing it to grow. in another Fatwa on the same issue (18/38): If the debt is currently due and repayment is being demanded. No exception is made for one who is in debt. because the t exts which speak of the obligation of zakaah are general in meaning. pay off the debt that I owe and make me independent of means. and do not make any exceptions. and the debtor wants to pay it off. That is supported by what the Hanbali fuqaha’ said about zakaat al-fitr. let him pay it off. and invoke Allaah for them. and the debt is a per sonal responsibility.” So Allaah and His Messenger have stated that zakaah has to do with th e wealth itself. Praise Allaah if He makes you one of the givers and not one of the takers. it is reported that ‘Uthmaan (may Allaah be pleased with him) used to s ay during the month of Ramadaan: “This is the month of your zakaah. If he withholds zakaah. your invocations are a source of sec urity for them. that may be a cause of his becoming poor. we have to follow them. Verily. and he wants to pa y it off. They said that being in debt does not mean that one should not pay it. so zakaa h must be paid from the wealth that is in your possession.” Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked about a person who has capital worth two hundred thousand riyals and owed a debt of two hundred tho usand riyals. and seek the help of Allaah to pay the debt that he owes.

aren More Sharing ServicesShare Share on facebook Share on twitter Share on myspace S hare on email Share on print : : ( 14 / 51 ).. But if a debt is not yet due to be paid off.. : : : : " " .. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to s end his agents to collect the zakaah. : ( 18 / 39 ). the zakaah must still be paid. : .aah. beyond a doubt. And it says in Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah. " . : ( 14 / 52 ). 9/189: The correct scholarly view is that being in debt does not mean that zakaah shoul d not be paid. and he did not tell them to see if the peo ple were in debt or not.

. : : : " " . : : ( .( : ( 18 / 38 ).

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