You are on page 1of 16

.692l !'5§ 5 $*:*3% ??H.

i*

9 1;,

92 1 . 3 4 ' "

I ., » .7 - ~ K IO . ~ 92 2-, ~:z zbii "HIE; . 5 ;,.;~¢~1_.».v , '§. my I

*4" @§§§§h " {

t
*1
it

&#39;1 " »*»Ig-$141-<I , I"&#39;»[.@#r~ Tii I sy &#39; 1&#39; .i~92§;~* -» " 1 -, =,;&#39;, ,--.7 I > r"f_ 3 &#39;, - &#39; ,.f, I ~ _.: 1»! 92ng91&#39;§. .., I? »A _,&#39;.&#39;<-»-,.,. -&#39; 1~ = 1, &#39; m. .&#39;, &#39;"&#39; : ~ &#39; » /W , *4 1&#39; __ _ :"|/4 &#39; 92fj;,; , 1 I . _, » -A&#39; gr 5,. z; &#39; V ",<» v , . --.92&#39;.»u ._,,¢, 1 _K ,»_; * &#39; F . I, ,8 .~< E} I &#39; " -V, 1:.v

»

3.

:1; 1 { I
i w 45¢ 4, :21? I .

~ ms 1;;-, > -~.J&#39;-Tq: ~_, -ab W »§ bW ; .¢, 1*! V»

Q4.~:

. 4*V < A, ,

-.
+

&#39;

,

,~

21,5: ~

£2? 92 ».; &#39;

_

A FEDERALBUREAU OF

INVESTIGATION

FREEDOM OF INFORMATION/PRIVACY ACTS SECTION
COVER SHEET

3

&#39;SUBJECT:,_ FREDERICK
IN OCASIE WRITE UlZ i

/

Lg IL $L¥929292 ¬92%§ _ 9292 92_____92 L J

? _Y, -. G *&#39;;">w92;923&#39;> . ~l I -- Va.»-,..7-_,~Tw -r i» . , i_ W, ,,,JEgk . .-. I7 $4, M ,7,» I _ 1 e - , _ ;-.21. . &#39;:~ gr, __ _ _: ,___, ,____ ;,_h,,_ M 2 , .-&#39;1». { _ &#39;~&#39; " 92-¬* , »&#39; ~ ex, &#39;3. -r &#39;_ ._ _U .» &#39; I &#39; ~ I . "Y " &#39; z -&#39; . &#39; Y &#39; "Q." &#39; ~_ ~ _ "3-_

ge

. "

W J

" &#39;"!" H I _

Q , . I

5; -<1" " &#39; *"* &#39; -""5" ,i *"" *&#39;*"&#39;*&#39;-. 4" 12&#39; :_._ :-: 1 : »~::. _ » Q - _= 1&#39;4 ;»~-hf-e1::~_~;+,o4»~-l. ... e.. ._.
I&#39;
~. ..

_, ,

4

,_ ~;,;.;.>

Y

1

1

.

.

VP. 1 >
Q

.

.

&#39;

.

1 N P." 5 in ,1,

92

"

,I3}.8.De;1%n:1naen£0Hustice

.,

§;g% T7p ~ t
it
*9

,yukm
G
DUQUESNE SPY RING

ummuefhnc
March12. was

Wh uwmD£ZX %

Q E

9

headed by Frederick

On January 2, 19 2, 300 years

total

of over

Joubert

in prison.

Duquesne were sentenced to serve by the FBI.

33 members of a Nazi spy ring
William

They were brought to Justice

a

,

his work as a double agent for
Ow I.

Sebold, who had been recruited as a spy for Germany, was a major factor in the FBI&#39;s successful resolution of this case through
the United States.

after

a lengthy espionage

investigation

A native of Germany, William Sebold served in the ~ German army during World War I. After leaving Germany in 1921, he worked in industrial and aircraft plants throughout the
a naturalized

E9
Q4

United States and South America.
eitizen.Qf the

United

On February 10, 1936,
tates.

he became
U ~

s t
A

his mother in Mulheim.

Sebold returned to

would be contacted in the near future.
Mulheim where he obtained employment.

was approached by a member of the Gestapo who said that .

Upon his arrival

Germany in February, 1939,

in Hamburg, Germany, he
Sebeld

to visit

Sebold proceeded to

2

L &#39;->
r

~

in September, 1939,

a Dr. Gassnervisited Sebold in
him regarding military planes and States. He also asked Sebold to return

Mulheim and interrogated equipment in the United

to the United States as an espionage agent for Germany.
Subsequent visits
identified as Major Nickolaus Bitter of the German Secret

by Dr. Gassner and a "Dr. Renken," later
with

9

Service,
§

feared reprisals
visit

persuaded Sebold to cooperate

against family membersstill

the Reich because he

living

in Germany. after

his first

Since Sebold&#39;s passport had been stolen-shortly
from Dr. Gassner,

_about his future
cooperate

Consulate in Cologne, Germany,to obtain a7newone. While doing so, Sebold secretly told personnel of the American Consulate
with the FBI upon his return

Sebold went to the American

role as a Germanagent.and expressed.his
to America. u

wish to

Z 3

instructed in such areas as preparing coded messages and microphotographs Upon completion of training, he was given five microphotographs containing instructions for preparing a code and

Sebold reported

to Hamburg, Germany, where he was

detailing

from the United

the type of information he was to transmit to Germany
States. Sebold was told to retain two of the

*

r-microphotograph§-and

to deliver

the other thnee to German-

r ,-1-,,.~,,_a§§,». »

4Y . -.~.~.. &#39; _
~ p .1, hm ii? L

is

=1 I i ?, .x.

n V - 4"f=~=:-~ Y::=~~~~~--e-l-_e, _- ~; _-~_</-~&#39; _::~ ~ ~ », -.~;-_ j ;~_<:;}_.-,._.,-» _~~_ T -e _ ;:r_%¢::*_&#39;~=&#39; -~ ,&#39;4.__ A 4». . air -in G a I .a~~ 1 ~,» I -"92-wor-A _ . n J : . &#39;92 -. 4 ~ w _/ 1 -t 1 &#39; e J »- . , -

x

1.1:; 65~;891:6" 1* »_

,

%
r

operatives in.tha;Un§ted States, Afterreceining £i d al_ f V
he sailed from G§naa,§1taly, and arrived i q§@W York Citroen

instruotions,.inoluding using the assumed namh5of,§§arry Sahysr,"

February
_

8,l1940; *o _» by V t
his mission

it =

pg "V

"

,r
M

The FBI previously
arrival,

had been advised
and his intentions

of Sebold&#39;s
to assist

guidance of Special Agents, Sebold established

in identifying

expected

Germanagents in the United States.

NewYork City as Harry Sawyer. Also, an office was establishedn

residence in

Under thee j

theme-

5

for him as a

consultant diesel engineer, to be used as a cover in
taking place there. -

observe

establishing contacts with membersof the spy ring. In selecting this office for Sebold, FBI Agents ensured that they could T
any meetings

_ In May, 19 0, a shortwave radio transmitting station. operated by FBI Agents on Long Island established contact with the German shortwave station abroad. This radio station served

as a main channel of communication between German spies in &#39; ,

messagesto Ger anyasand received ZQQ m¢§§a5¢§hf&#39;°m Germany.

New York City and their superiors in Germany for 16 months.? During this time, the FBI&#39;s radio station transmitted over.30O

whoentered pleas of not guilty were broughtto trial
K

prosecution of the 33 Germanagents in New Xerhe Qt those, t arrested on charges of espionage, 19 pleaded guilty. the it men District Court, Brooklyn, NewYork, on September3, i9M1, and they were all found guilty by Jury on December13, t9§1. &#39; The activities
Reich follo .

Nazi spies in the United States is demonstrated by thevsuccessful
in Federal

Seholdjs success asia counterespiona e agent against

$ebo1d&#39;s role in uncovering their
.,»;;2=

of each of these convicted spies and
espionage activities

for the

FREDERICK JOUBERT DUQUESNE .

e

%

resulted from a fire aboard the British steamship Tennyson which caused the vessel to sink on February 18, 1916 When he was
well

implicated in fraudulent insurance claims, including one that

United States citizen

Bermuda, to the United States in 1902 and became a naturalized
on December N, 1913. Duquesne was

1877, Frederick Joubert Duquesne emigrated from Hamilton, _

Born in Cape Colony, South Africa,

on September 21,

arrestedon November 17, 1917;whe hadin his=possessionea&#39;larg
file of news clippings concerning bomb explosions on ships, as
as a letter from the Assistant German Vice Consul at service

¥

was "one who has rendered
cause." "

Managua, Nicaragua.

The letter

considerable

indicated that "Captain Duquesne"
to the German
¢

Q -2.-

W ~ &#39;92 r M I.: ;, keg: 1,. * 4. I I4 -92a 0 - -w -4 I 3 e Y

.

?" °-&#39;" r -ea -:=&#39;i &#39;=1n-é-~
_- O u 4.0 ~

it < ,3 ».I V v

,
g

. .,, ¢._ &#39;

H

~~~~w~~~-r ;~§~~;-_ >&#39; - §»§._;,,q-&#39;~ J! Q:;_;_4_. v"
_; , "" . 1

,3 ; . . , &#39; 1. -

W .,92,~ - 4 -*7 1. ., . ,v . . , mh.v_ .. < V _ I . -. g &#39;I &#39;~ Q

A »;. _2t~fK§&W&#39;H~§ér .=..~1§$tIkf" -VIA x &#39; "v " 92 J &#39; &#39;._v_._l r .aa-~.@--4-4.-...: v .:4.;V &#39; i M :k&#39;~I ."" I4 -1S¢*92» we, ,&#39 4 i if 2 r i 2
.2 g 92 .-my. 5 ;<.I » , 1* I. . &#39; ,, , ; v 3.ax , .7 3. ,¬kf,;§ K _ v| 3 ~ , I~ » "1~:~ ~- ».. , . ~1»».I ~ &#39; V . :»_-,,. .I, . i-,. I 9 i

&#39; r

., 7- TA ._ M

-

" r .&#39; &#39;.

. , £. _, ___ ..7_,,..l_ W I.»3/92§;__ , ;_ , 4".I-f &#39; &#39;i 13 ;. Xi . &#39;9 r

.1

-

&#39;

IV ~

&#39; /, ~,&#39; . f< /r . ," i

&#39; v

..

r . i - :=@,¢ W ._ . *V I ~ Ki .#1 -;."%.* . ,I L; . r * 92~ ..I~; i I ~,. .» , ~»¢~ &#39;

.1,, 7.3 *~ .I~:{:;Z . ~ ~I I .»

*

aI " &#39; "I*,I. < ;» J:1. : .I &#39;
-.

¢<=~Y IF f . ~V yahp, huquesne was oparatinmia husiness knQW]%as% he T ér"=r1Iie%e1s ¢@aaeai*&#39; efwi 1:§ sIi%;eh1ieh~iee~hie
first contact with vgqgeeaasyaieteaa, seaeia met w&%h;h¥m$in 1*; Duquesne&#39;s office. During their initial meeting, uquesne, whoT* -wasextremely concerned about the possibility of electronic ~.A i
surveillance note stating

-I r

I

-

I

. .

I..~ ;&#39;

1, ., , . ,» 9; I in ~_,. J-.1.$1.»

r . mJ _

&#39;~ &#39; __!5-

ye V

5% g

,1 ..

~ ; g». ,

92 *

;

Lg AP _; ,~»q&#39;/1

yr

AL

92

to an Automat, the two men exchangedinformation about members_og the German espionage system with whom they had been in oontactgnv

devices being present in his office, gave Sebold ay that they should talk elsewhere; After relocating;

¢.

transmittal

_

Duquesne provided Sebold with information for

meetings which occurred in SebQldY5 °ffi¢e "ere filmed by FBI In Agents. Duquesne,who was vehemently anti-British, submitted in
information dealing with national defense in America, the sailing ct ships to British ports and technology. He also regularly received money from Germany in payment for his services. ,

to Germany during subsequent meetings, and the

I

-92

Frodnoed in the Hnited States: He claimed that he secured that material by seoretly;en¬eFi§§ the uPoat plant in Wilmington; Delaware. paquesne also explained howfires could be started in
the result of his correspondence with industrial concerns. v

* On one occasion, Euquesne provided Sebold with photographs_and specifications of a new type of bombbeing

industrial&#39;$§ants. -Much of the information Duquesne obtained was
Representing himself as a stndent, he requested dataIconcerning" their products and manufacturing conditions.

&#39;was sentenced to serveI18 years in prison on espionage charges, = as well as»a 2-year concurrent sentence and paymentof a $2,009
fine for violation of the Registration
PAUL

1 .Duquesne was brought to trial

and was convicted. he
-

Act.

BANTE

&#39;"

army during World Har I.
and became a naturalized

"

A native

of Germany, Paul Bante served in the German_

United States citizen

He cameto the United States in 1930
in 1938. y

A

i

operatives, Paul Fehse, because of Bante&#39;s previous association with a Dr. Ignatz T. Griebl.. Before fleeing to Germany to escape vi.-. I~"prosecution, Dr. Griebl had been implicated ins: aziaspy ring~~
in

claimed that

Bante, formerly a member of the German-American Bund, Germany put him in contact with one of their-

with

1938.

Guenther Gustave Rumrich, who was tried
-I "-

on"espionage
,n

charges

a Q

_

3 -

.--_ »-7

_.,.

...,q,_

.

.,,1 ,

.&#39; <-~w.. w<>

a .

M7 W.-.7

rm 7

w

V V ._ ~,
¢
:5;

.*" 5 --N - _*~:~~ -,~:_~,_ &#39; &#39; ~71. _ .&#39;___.._-_ _ V __ ::;.. _ ,, __ &#39; &#39; _ 1W U &#39; . " Q _ 1&#39; V, Puma----~pL V, _ ~; iY . Meg _7 W ~41»; »._ _ ~_-1 _,.-,>=e &#39;:>*_::¢ -imp--92 d&#39; ..s....,>.a.-a.-.-»-.4 . ._ .. , v ,.» v , , V .V t... . 1 1 s. A 1 v 0 ~o &#39;_ " Q, .» _y.&#39; ., , _- ~ V &#39; kn: ~ &#39; &#39; Q. _ 1 &#39; 1 a 1 ,~ ,0 :1 ~12 &#39;

P _f

&#39;_ _. _ 0

a ,.

>

, &#39; 7""&#39;x
&#39; . >

I &#39;

&#39; >-

&#39;

92 k 1 ,.. . ..

65?-3z&#39;9 X§
M. > ~y; ,»,__ x» II 5 _ I"M x , I>_ :q ,

E

H .@,"Bante assisted Rahl Fehse in obtaining information ;% aabout ships bound for Britain with gar materials and supplies.~»" Bante elaimed that asia member of the Gestapo his function was;ao
create disoontentwamong~nnion would assist Germany; 1 workers, stating that every - .;§
spy ring.

stride

Sebold
was frequented
Sebold.. 1

met Bante
by several

at the
members
&#39;

Little Casino
of this

Restaurant, which
During one

such meeting, Bante advised and he subsequently delivered
a guilty

that he was preparing a fuse dynamite and detonation caps
violation of
1

bomb, to L

-&#39; Entering
$1,000.

plea to

the Registration

Act, Bante

was sentenced

to

18 months

imprisonment and

was fined

MAX BERNK

Max Blank came to the United States from Germany in 1928, Although he never became a United 8tates citizen, Blank had been employed in New York City at a German library and atra
-Q

boon store

whioh oateree

to German

trade,

. Paul Fehse, a major figure in this case, informed Germany that Blank, who was acquainted with several members of the spy ring, could secure some valuable information but lacked the funds to do so. Later Fehse and Blank met with Sebold in his
office., They -shipyard. However, told Sebold that Blank money to of 18 months
E. BROKOFF

could obtain get the

details about, infonmation. _ a

rubberized self-sealing airplane gasoline Braking device for airplanes, from a friend
he needed

tanks, as well as a new who worked in a of the Registration
~e

&#39; Blank
Act. He received $1,000 fine.
. ALFRED

pleaded guilty
a sentence

to violation

imprisonment and &#39;

-the docks, he knew almost
who were working as
. ..

Alfred E. Brokhoff, a native of Germany, came to the United States in 1923 and became a naturalized citizen in 1929. He was a mechanic for the United States Lines in New York City for 17 years prior to his arrest. Because of his employment on

all of the
_ _

other agents

in this
_ _

group
-

seamen on
.

various ships. secure information about
destined for

§
%
2

M-~.»&#39;, . »;-;_ 5, _ - 7,, -..

{.&#39;j92_ _ _-. %.- .;_~~,;,

" &#39;" Brokhoff
sailing dates

helped Fehse
of vessels

the

and cargoes

England; He
to

also assisted Also, another
he had

Fehse in transmitting this German agent, George V.
from Brokhoff

information to Germany. Leo Waalen, reported that
for transmittal

received information

Germany.

L _ u -

, £47; _ &#39;-, -Z 1

. W.-. VH V_r ,;&#39;;H;- 1&#39; I * Q" I yr .= . _ _,i_._...____~i.__,.__ ,A ____, _ L4 _ , , I . x

&#39; . ""&#39;;" " 7 r I
G 1

V

,

"fLW ~ &#39;~~,-1-.»<»._ ..:&#39;;~e»= ; -=-.1; -: r>-&#39; I &#39;4... A-~ -&#39; ,.. .... &#39;~. .3.
&#39; . 1 &#39; i -. £5". _ " &#39;-&#39; . 1 1 ,,

,-» ,.»_;»gH,92,., .1 . ..

.§§,.,,92.,r 2] J

mW,._,.,, ~Wfw y -

,&#39;-v""Y&#39; » &# data, *

, &#39;_
*

5 :1 , ,,, "&#39; 92 .&#39;

1~¢.-65-ease
92 4.,_, ~&#39; . I~ 1 ~

1
. 1 .4 , ,, .V i 1» ._ , > 3;;

,

.Registration,Act-:_

to serve a~twc4yearteencurrent sentence for violation sf the
" 1 tr» HEINRICH CLAUSING < 1
the

fiveeyear prises term for violation cf the espionageatatutes_am@M
p

U» tQ

Upon conviction, Brekhcff was sentenced tc&#39;serve a 7%
Qt
R 1 Clausing
citizen

In September,
United States,

1934, German-born Heinrich
he became a naturalized

came
in 1

to

where

1938. Having served on various ships sailing from New York Harbor since his arrival in the country, he was employed as a cook on the SS Argentine at the_time of his arrest. _

y

Closely associated with Franz Stigler, one of the principal contact men for this spy ring, Clausing operated as a courier. .He&#39;transported microphotographs and other material from the United States to South American ports, from which the J
information transmittal

established 0

was sent

a mail

drop in

to

Germany via to

South America for
Germany by

Italian

airlines.

expeditious

He also

~ t _

2

of

information

mail.

years for violation
two-year
" V I

iausing

was consisted sentence

of espionage statutes.
for violation

and was sentenced to serve eight

He also received a

»

concurrent

of the Registration

CONRADIN OTTO DOLD

9
I

Conradin Otto Doldcame to the United Statesfrom
193M under Steward 1 _ in
the

Germany in 1926. He became a United States citizen in the Seaman&#39;s Act.&#39; Prior to his arrest, he was Chief aboard the S§&#39;Siboney of the American Export.Lines. Dold was related
Germany and was closely

to people holding
with other information

high positions
members of agents
_

associated

the in

espionage
As a
to

group who worked on ships sailing
Dold carried

from New York Harbor. abroad for transmittal

courier,

from Nazi

United

States

to contacts in

neutral

ports

Germany.

&#39;

_-3 &#39;

ga fine of $1,000 &#39;
&#39;»"&#39; " - &#39; &#39; &#39; &#39;

espionage

Dold was sentenced to serve ten charges and received a two-year

for violation.-&#39; of the Registration Act. 1 _ ..,>~,_~. _.
aunotr aaztxuc
&#39; - &#39; "&#39; :&#39; "» Ii"%§ .- "~.

years in prison on concurrent sentence

and
&#39;

.

*-

~~ry~.

l,.>i 92»". .&#39;T"!3.. 7 &#39;
.&#39;_ i92»

..~ X, _

%

After leaving Germany for the United States in 1925, Rudolf Ebeling became an American citizen in 1933. He was employed as-a foreman in the Shipping Department of Harper and

Brothers in

New York City

when he was arrested.
-5 _

-J WV: I

wage »;_hV.m. ~@V *&#39;"" we ~~»» ~ :V" ~V141 ¢-i.»» <VV 0 "u_V.§ ~< &#39; 1 ==**VT+ ~-_¢~&#39;1s@,* &#39; &#39; -1e~~#-* +=-1 ~V&#39;Ve V;__.,_ -V »,,v vigil. -,?V *.V* - . V » J¢ -4 V:» V,, 92 ~ »,V Xl ~ A "or V... gr V. » VI &#39; I 1 _ V .1 _ _ J V_ 9 0 I92V
V .Vut * Vii 2... w

"T. ~." &#39; "7} 1*~

,V» I

jfi

v

&#39; 1 VL
l

-

A» .»-.V / 1--W; V V _;92 ~ ~~, i/.j~V» l ,-&#39;.:~ rm; s&#39;~ . &#39; -"

I

**

"

V"

.

Va1 V I y,

V i 4, ;
ye
1&#39; ..... ,,, u

"" . f &#39;/1 3&#39;h Q aM;".z &#39;{* .:1J7"&#39;!* .1~V; V¢@en» V >. »V V ., . V Vi: -VV av-.. ..VV~V .. .VV= V .&#39;= &#39; 1; »;:.. ».&#39; V -= V VV. V I » Q-"V11 , 3» V. L = V» V , Vw: _=V~ v vi 11+ *1 WW:-V V. &#39; -3v V 1» » -

V

V V .;&#39;I I

V. . V

V .M .V V V. aB s ;,_~.3_ V-

_ _

» ,

._____V,; _,_, wn =_,&#39;V &#39; ,- y 4:V 717" ~ ~ .,, -sexy-rjsw-_,92!=f9204.g:92!g*bP~ .V_, E ,~*1 VV -Na k ,.VV ul:,> &#39; _V _-, 4, . V ,h,,_;,AU,_ V >;,]92* V I -. ». ., V, i V A 92_V V3,, V _, V _,VVV uf &#39;_;~;;¢ "5?&#39; V7,; . L &#39;, j._ Q V . , -V &#39;"

VI.

I

,

Vw.

2

W! I

~»V&#39;¢~»@ 92v>:V .1

"

V I A

I 1?V*§1V *&#39;e".&#39; vZ V /1;

"V "_192~v _ _. 4__ , V, -vVVm 3

w

, 1;V ; &#39; V~v&#39;. .65 _ V. V

r VI v I» . I
,~

,,_ s

_H.j.._V,,

£%gW,&5*ggg6.r@Q@£ff§ > V
, .V.,,;._ ¬n _ V Y, 92

I ,3 e ~~*

V V V _ VV _t- Va: 4 *V /l » ~ g,.,V92. 4 V 1* V- ~ Y V-~~ V &#39; &#39; :~V*».&#39;V 2&#39;

axikilv
Y V

V

v
V, &#39;

Q 1V3, @;§§%¬~ V§£h%%;£%*?=*@» V, Iéfe e,e;t§§;- 1,aV5y,§&#39;1, "_t¥ Germawy; deft
deliveded the &#39; material , *
V-

g

,..

V

an :V V :,&#39;V §~V i&#39; kw. ~F V >

VV V.+V~tee11e#,eeeai~~@ 1nrormse¥¢ and dargeea@ee,d%§@@e°prpvideg ea pay; pa sefar transmittal to 1$
i rntahgd such infdnmétien ta tea Qaaien, wha>,
V

for I td"$eud1d &#39;n.. ,_i_ V

transmittal. I .V
, y.

V

»~r &#39;~ g

coneurrent sentence and a $1,000 fine for violating
Registration Aet. &#39;_ D V. l. ~ {A g

&#39;4>w Vupon conviction; Eheling was sentenced to five years prispn on espionage charges.V He also received a two~year -0

the

in X

1

» &#39; .,

azcannp sicasuuua.
>

&#39;

i

4

g. Richard Eichenlaub, who came to the United States in 1930 and became a citizen in 1936, operated the Little Casino Restaurant in the Yonkville Section of New York City. This restaurantVwas a rendezvous sea many members of this spy ring, and Eichenlaut introduced several new members into the group.
r
obtained

Eichenlaub
information

reported
from

to

the

German Gestapo
who were

and often
in

-

his customers

engaged

national delivered

deiense production, Through Eichenlaub, te»Sebold £:dm<Bante. &#39; C

dynamite

was

$1,000 and to serve 18 months in prison. .
I

gegistratioq

&#39; pf;

Q>QBa?§§g entered_aplea of guilty to violation of the
see, Eichenlaub was sentencedato pay a fine of
; V HEINRICH cm. swans V

&#39;1&#39; &#39; ~ V

j A native of Germany, Heinrich Carl EiLers came to the United States in 1923 and became a citizen in 1932¢ From 1933 until his arnest,Vhe served as a steward on ships sailing from New York City.
1;

to

obtain

Eilers made a.trip from New York to Washington, D.C., information for Germany from the Civil Aeronautics

Authority. _
authorities
v relating i

His mission,
in June,

however,

was unsuccessful. in New York City
his possession

At the time of his arrest
1930, he had in

by Customs
20 letters

in this group.,eq£M¬ $Q £HV,§,,, , _§g, V.,m%g§&é§gé$%¬§ ,£?,
&#39; Upon conviction, Eilers received a five~year prison sentence on espionage charges and a concurrent sentence of two years&#39; imprisonment and a $1,000 tine under the Registration Act.

to magnesium andVa1uminum alloys which had been sent to him by Edmund Carl Heine, one of the principal espionage agents

addressed to people throughout Europe.

He also had books_

§
2

§,,W-~_. Li;-,1 I_ ?s* Ki 51?

. &#39;"

_:3 S &#39; - vi &#39; X &#39; 1.
. .... ..-....-- _ _ _--......-..... .. _

92

, ,&#39; &#39; <

<1

_.-._e,:»,._-»..1 _-_-_-....... .;_:_;»e:_-,i-:->:e~,~-_e__.......

w. M ¬ _ >

S

. »~a .1 1 &#39; , /

~

,

&#39; &#39; 3 &#39;
.92, &#39; * l , .

ti»

,> *,=.~*f~ "-1,; 1

__
H

..k

&#39;

Pl} *. §. ? ,1 P, G
1. . 1 ,. 1.

:.c;~ss-sans~

,
I

--

A
,

5,-» .~,, 1; time FEH$£ a;
in 1938. .

ii S,

~= 92

st

;
, ,

country, he had been employedas a cook aboard ships sailing from
New York Harbor.

where he became a citizen

In~193H, Paul Fehseleft Germany for the United States,
Since his arrival in this

its transmittal to Germany, chiefly throughSebold. Fehse, who
headed the Marine Division of the German espionage system in the
United States. 1

group. He arranged meetings, directed members activities, correlated information that had been developed, and arranged for
was trained for espionage work in Hamburg, Germany, claimed he

"

Fehsewasone of the directing forces in this espionage

1

1 Having become quite apprehensive and nervous, Fehse madeplans to leave the country. He obtained a position on the ship in Lisbon and return to Germany.
-

SSSiboney,whichwasscheduled to sail fromHoboken, New Jersey,
for Lisbon, Portugal, on March 29, 1941. He planned to desert

.

wasarrested by FBI Agents. Uponarrest, he admitted sending
the movementsof British ships; 1

mnevsr, before he could leare the United States, Fehse

letters to Italy for transmittal to dermany, as well as reporting

,&#39; On April 1, 19H1, Fehsewas sentenced on a plea of " guilty to serve one year and one day in prison for violation of
espionage and received a prison sentence-of 15 years.
.
A native

the RegistrationAot.. He subsequently pleaded guilty to
EDHUND.CARL nexus &#39;

&#39;

associated with Dr. Hans Luther, former GermanAmbassadorin Washington, D.C., and Prince Louis Ferdinand of Berlin. &#39;

Corporation. His employment took him to the WestIndies, _ South America, Spain, and Berlin, Germany. -Heine was closely Heine sent letters from.Detroit,.Michigan,§$o;Lilly

Until 1938, he held various positions in the foreign sales and service departments of Ford Motor Company and Chrysler Motor

United States in 1910 and became a naturalized citizen in 1920.

of Germany, Edmund Carl Heine came to the-

1
1

a9<,?*

.

"xv "&#39; V ..~ ~~.-3 ;~-:-,w_,t .h!W>v,g~;,&#39;r _ --n;;;x.qV;@!r&#39;~W~V ,.-7.-.__-¢,»~.,.;5;;;-&#39;~w.~§,;,. K,pm . _ rV 1 VV_ V , V, > .7,/.r.»;,» .»....,./ V ..-pa V~ ». V V ._92 = $1 r. "ImY"Y?fRWW Q1» . ~ " M . V. ~ V V . .,V V. .V..92 it&#39;.~_ .E J», vb--Q. __ -.-....--_.-s.----.-_.a..-.__._-...~_-... 4...,..u..~.&#39;-1-~..*..._........., 1 ;_i_uV s~»*~ _ rA ~:¢ , _V.-. £1 - &#39; l .V ,:&#39;;r-=-_V.1v&# w _ V -_ __ V ___;;_,..._:= ~ i: __ :=V_ V . is *4 __ e1, , _,. -,_, ,. »&#39;;£&k_ 3. 92V _ _ . V :V92._.~-....-....-.. ; _-9&1:- V =, - __.,_.:,__:__ _92 *V -, ;__ _e54Vi6e=ei-bag. ~_ =n_VV ,, : >,; to &#39; " .5 Q QQ *1 - 1 _&#39; Qe ~&#39; ff !7&#39;§f3&#39; &#39; _&#39;~_&#39;3"§&#39;§if &#39;{! é" H- {&#39;{ &#39; 3 *1:>V&#39;;f,{~ ; "Y .V~&#39; """ * ,3 r. ,&#39; .92 &#39; &#39; P ? &#39;3 I 1. -"~"f ;2 <l&#39; ;. l. ~ "V» 92 * jri &#39; . - ~ . 92 ,. ,~ ~ &#39; * w». " ,VV1~vV.r&#39;§ &#39; ~ r.=~&#39;.§&#39; _ ~v. &#39; &#39; &#39; . ~§<92;11;-§&#39;2§ 1.; 1 U w e M V §$ 1 92 ,1 qr J .43

&#39;

g!

*~

,

aw!
1

§§% V ii? 1
V I

V 92,,

,. .V - ,~. _ V

>x. X

"

*
_

g - _92> 1

». , ~

_, _ .. -, ,

K "

,&#39;.~ , > ..= »,_ _&#39; ,4&#39; H =

V:»Q77

v {V l.Vv¢92

V &#39; _,» "; .., |_Vv$V. * ~V».~ , =V;&#39;<:»~ V. 1:3».-.~o.. -. . f_;,&#39;;i,k"&#3 V1: .» V _ V&#39;92:.~ ;::». &#39; »r~-.~ 1. §¢§?%"e .

I0 Git M
rr-.

» I

V,/C. i&#39;_ , &#39; _:__[. 4 .V ~ - V X &#39; ,:

_.

JH

1 I. V

. not reach Eilers,
package Heine as the received

j A V1_V * ~After ¢ia ¢$@ @> ;;@%it.,itnr yea cetaiaing&#39;tt%hne¢at¬§nees,ra1ee a@Eneei@§ andsaldminumgal yg einejgggt,thermateri .Eiler§ga; ls,tc To ensure safe deliiery of e the eaeea~te=aersaee ihf$hs@~they¥di;t
Heine in icated&#39;the return
of Lilly Stein. _ and a two~year
.92

- .,._92,,_ ~ _ .. 711&#39; &#39;... W, .,s_

.~._~V¢ M .92=., , . .V

address on the,
g

address a $5,000

&#39; ,_.

,,-H

Upon conviction

fine

of violating

the Registration
prison

sentence.

Act,.
5

FELIX JAHNKE
¢. ,

&#39; "
_ in

w

In 192M, Felix Jahnke left Germany for the V United States, where he became a naturalized citizen in 1930. Jahnke had attended military school in Germany and had served the German army as a radio operator. _ *
Jahnke and Axel Wheeler-Hill secured the services of

i

h

Josef Klein, a radio technician, for Jahnke&#39;s apartment in the

in building a Bronx. Jahnke

portable used this

radio radio

set to

i 1;

transmit messages, which were intercepted by the FBI, to Germany. He also_visited_the docks ing gw York harbor to obtain iaieemation about any vessels genie for England. V * Act, Jahnke was sentenced a $1,000 fine. e

-

After

pleading guilty

C

? .v Vv I.r"

to serve 20 ;,

to violation

months in prison V .
,

of the Registration

and to pay A ;
»

GUSTAV WILHELNVKAERCHER

-

Gustav Wilhelm Kaercher came to the United Stateswin 1923, becoming a citizen in 1931. He served in the German army during World War I and was a former leader of the German Band in

_

New York.

During visits

to Germany, he was seen to have worn a"
At the time of his arrest ghe was City.

- Electric

engaged in designing power plants for the American Gas ané
Company in New York Kaercher was arrested Kaercher a table of call with Paul Scholtz,-who letters and frequencies

German army

officer&#39;s uniform.

handed

had Just for

transmitting
the Registration

information
Act,

to

Germany by radio.
received a $2,000 fine

V
and a &#39;

As a result of his guilty pleato charges of violating
Kaercher

.

_.. .. V,; ~&#39;.-: ~

i

prison sentenceof 22 months; ~
&#39;

e

»,~»= ~%§gg§§§e$:zpa@@$a+
V V_
_ »+

JOSEF KLEIN

i
&#39;1

building

A native of Germany, Josef Klein came to the 1 United States in 1925; he did not become a citizen. e lein,-a photographer and lithographer, had been interested in the
and operation of shortwave radio transmitters..

. , /, ¬

xyé 13*
. s " ,-

.._._ .i_*_______ _ _, _____ah-&#39; , Y &#39;; Y - &#39; -- "V 1 &#39; -1u ~v.~ ~ - ac &#39; " &#39; I

{L _ W ,>._

-I1 ,&#39; _ ,__

92 ? Mv -is ..~-......._..._ _ ., _ ______ _ . ...-_,-_» ;f . _ &#39; .-

.92 92V ., V. ?u.: I" .U w ;&#39;. ~ &#39;4 " ,92_~,, : ,&#39; :&#39;~ p.92+&#39;

,~ ;, are &#39;a " 1-",/1, ~ J; "&#39; U,-L A»~~ ¥ , _ * ~: &#39;~,~1a v;_,.§§92q;_T_-mt; .,::;__" _5___ _V"~$»_&#39;_. __ _ .. . 0 A Y , - __ n,_ in . -, . M, ~ . ._ .. -,, e N /~. » .. A ,,, . . N ~ 4 . v92 ~ *&#39;~§ Y" - .. &#39; x~ w 1"» we , 1 s ~ " -. 1 w">u-u ,4,-,,.,

S 2 /,1 ~~ .! ,_&#39; L; #1be 1,
£5

0

12- ler &#39; t if S
"1 _-~,~w.~ _1 .v ».:é-¢,.&#39;,.&#39;.k_92,~.V,~,§. 3» _n n 1,<.-q», V H, 1,; W" "r r -m ,. an - W V . q.92», - &#39;1-_&#39; _.M ~, 4», -. ,3; * ; I r- ,1 11 . ,, ~ - ["1-q§xi;r =1» . ~,<.a&#39;:r*-~ , <1.. . <1 :," 92 » .4 &#39;»..%&#39;~ &#39;» &#39;~; &#39; &#39; . &#39; Y .,; ,,r=" " y , <, - 92 &#39; . -&#39; W; ,, W . ,-{N &#39;5 f pa _

&#39; U U
gm 4% = , , 1; 2» M i. . 1&#39; &#39; - » .92 Ie I ,V W Y &#39; 92 _. 1, U , i;&#39; V7~1|v?&#39; - ."_}.92A= <,_ ;-I

J.» < 1"

W33;-I :s%:»925i

,,.7

.4

,

hf J, _;&#39;= -,92,-»,4 i~ &#39;~i~&#39; {_,92 / &#39;} , ~;.@~» at ,~ >~ >1

.

-

U Uheeler?_ i km W hnhe built
be used for transmitting years!

fYf @aK%?i ;¢@ $§? @§§ % 9@f%¢b¥a $*aR@*5§¢i?e§iQ?n,F } ?tee$mi§§§n%;aaeareaeieiag set for Feat; gahnne.an[ hie}: p ,5
messages to ermany. *i » i?n mm x

he-radi§¢$§$t Klein; new it wouldgnf
and a concurrent

&#39; Upon conviction,
imprisonment
.

on espionage.charges
1

Klein received

a sentence of

five

92

sentence of

two years

1
~ ,

""
in

&#39; +aAaIu1e&#39;a1caAap xtezss
Germany, Hartwig
~ ,

imprisonment under the92 Registration ~
Richard Kleiss

Act.v..>~

ti

country in*I925 and became a naturalized citizen six years later. Following his arrival in the United States, he was employed as a
cook on various ships. it Kleiss obtained information for the SS America which showed Germany, including the locations of * newly

,Born

came to this

blueprints of

installed gun emplacements. he included information about how guns would be brought into position for firing. Kleiss a1so~ obtained details on the construction and Performance of new ~ gpged ggtsi6ein§*§eVel0pEd by the United States Navy, which he 3
&#39;/

A

submitte3 to SEBo1d*?§F transmitta1itp~ ermany:S &#39; » .. > , .

_ onroharge

after,eress¢examinatien,
, 92

;y§,n niyhleiss hadoriginally chosen so stand trial.
he ehangedhhis plea to guilty

However;

Q

of espionage and received an eight~year~prison

sentence.
;_

-1 S f -~
-

I

Htanau w. LAKG "
the United States 1939. he was one of
in the United States.
i

ȤY,
from Getmany four people
<

< Barman W. Lang came to in 1927 and became a citizen in
Sebold had Been told to contact

manufacturing highly confidential materials essential national defense of the United States. During a visit reconstructed
in prison under the in 1938, Lang

Until

his arrest,

Lang had been employed by
German military

to the to Germany
and

a company

plans of

conferred

the

with

confidential

materials

authorities

from memory.
sentence &#39; -

&#39;

on espionage Registration

Upon conviction,

charges Act. -

Lang received

and a 2-year

a_sentence of

concurrent

18 years

*
_
g

-

" ~
living
Lewis

*
A native of

it

tvstyuctnrrou LEWIS * %5~ ?*§w#
Arkansas, Evelyn
Joubert Duquesne in New York City.

-

with

Frederick

Clayton Lewis had been feelings

Miss

4

had expressed

heraanti-British-and.anti-Semitic

WW "fr &#39; _&#39;v* *&#39; " »»_&#39;.~w,-~ Y»~ V,/;_ Y1»:» _;;: :1--1 ~ Y~ f~ 92 . » &#39;

Yi 1 "av"

:1: ~

., J4 _ ._. _

V-,v,
m $5

p,

.-

no

..

-

,

-

_

I &#39;~* 4 o .

,v -i _ 1 =~_r V

»r

.

I if

" &#39; -.
aw,

,i@,V

I
»

~

i ~="*._ &#39; _;l=~:__/,_,-:l-1; A:&#39;._.@&___A_i..;__. ___ .92;:921_::;___

v l69"I ~-, ,>M -V t---aV;~_._ ,4V,,, ~ ~ ~~ wvl y- W . -. /&#39; - &#39;

, g

i

I ~ /V < :!

I

.r

- @,7 l .~§*!, g r

j,,

vi , 4

a

i.

.

*-

& *92v&#39;4m4

92 F
_ ,_ &#39; 3: I , 4 , .. I_ ,~,. I _ , v _ .1 .2, }, F 4

$510k

.~ 92Ki

material for ré smittal thread. 7&#39; Lg_g f &#39; erg if? . ,- ~ ,&#39; Q, . :1. .92 , ,. , &#39;> -. i &#39; Upon a guilty plea, Miss Lewis wassentencedto serveii
one year and one day in prison
Act. &#39;

a§?ia @t¢@@§*i?i$3?$L@"@&#39;¢@n@Q th% @.&#39; #§ %i1e&#39;§§.?as&#39;P° active ih~obtain;ng-ihfhrmationifo %Genmnny;shaghelpédg uquesne prepare
for violation of the Registration L

T_ &#39;§ Y"&#39; l iii

~~ ¢

l

w

m.

gs .&#39;

"%¥Y c-

<

&#39; ~ United
father.
transatlantic

&#39;, RENE EMANUEL MEZENEN Rene Emanuel Mezenen, a States citizenship through
Prior to his arrest
service. clipper

r

Frenchman, claimed " the naturalization of his as a steward in
"

he was employed

the

k

between the United States and Portugal on his regular trips on the clipper. He accepted this offer for financial gain, In the course of flights across the Atlantic, Mezenen also reported his observance of convoys sailing for England. He also became a inuclxed in smuggling platinum from the United States to &#39;
P6¥§H§él; ~, p L 1 &#39;

asked

The German Intelligence Mezenen to act as a courier,

Service in Lisbon, Portugal, transmitting information

registration
92

&#39;V Following a plea of guilty, Mezenen received an eightyear prison term for espionage and two concurrent years for
violations. e
U ~ CARL REUPER -

Carl

~ _ Having come to the United States from Germany in 1929, Reuper became a citizen in 1936. Prior to his arrest he
for the Westinghouse Electric Company in

served as an inspector Newark, New Jersey. national Reuper defense

obtained materials

photographs for Germany relating to and construction, which he obtained

from his_employment. He arranged radio contact with Germany through the station established by Felix Jahnke. On one
occasion, he conferred for communicating with
.4

~

with Sebold regarding German authorities.

Sebold&#39;s facilities to 16 years

g

,+m

sentence nnderathe RegistrationAct. s» -» =*-~§g§;g§§§§g,¢a
I

imprisonment

Upon conviction,

on espionage -

charges

Reuper

was sentenced

and 2 years

concurrent .¢a..

svznswr MINSTER no£n£n~
materials for the United

Born in the Bronx,
designer of
Navy. &#39;
C 0

New York, Roeder was a

draftsman
States

and

confidential

Army and

;W&#39;1 T*1" "&#39;e y #awW*¥."&#39;W@"r "w*r "
.2 92

xp .

~ ~.~" &#39;1 1 e_,-.h__ . ~ 9"," I &#39; _ ~ ~ "&#39;1 ~.1 .._._. A _.._ .- 1 _ "" , s ,5; ~<-~ . ;-L __~ .~_ ;:_ , ,.__-__._,, _ _ ,1; H 1 » ~ , _, . ,_, 0 V. ~» ,. Q ~ &#39;4&#39; &#39; ~ , -1> _ &#39; . ~ ,_ _ ~ .1, . . -.. - p .1 .
. . , &#39; _ 1 ~ 1

e» 92*

_~ Ms.»--H ._ _Iv

. _ »

./

.

.-

.~ I&#39; -.. /I;

&#39; 1 _

I

L

_

&#39; &#39; .I ,&#39;.J»_ &#39;_._+-* » .r _ _v 192 x _ . 1 , _>~ : ;, . 92 y g
v ,,v , ,..m,V, ._ y, ,,4 ;:92§ ,.-..> . . ._,,!_,,_1; .1.-,,_.i,» 1J: _v:

&#39; . ..» we 1. - &#39; we &#39; ~~~ ._ 4* &#39;41 -"--. H ,,,_ M...-....l__.. -. ~.,,.,,_._: ., ,!92~&#39;.I,,¥_1 Lg, V! .> -1;} *7, &#39; ~ , _92: 5,3, &#39; ~11" ~.*i: "-:&#39; " .._ . _ . . , v ; . 1,e , , 1 1

mp ? ~

.

»"?

> 1..

T*F

5-_ ..

*T7%Wh,

1"92 c. " N! .1 : as-some > -1; > ,, _ V 1_ 3, - . ,_ . _ 1

, . W.

/
. , &#39;1 92 .. <,,g.b,_.;._., _ . 1, ~ ..

an gi

L.~&#39; 1» ~;n, ».v . 1, I ». i: _1 »,~,H.

E
Pr

.. _ : ,1

1

531 u -

.in

=Roeder,-ascrdcredsby German authorities. privately. * 9

f» G $eho1@,had

ddliveredimiero ihié getichs hdtcgrhph tohe
_Rhed%fg§§dYSebold met} it V,
Q

public places and~p oceeded to spots where theytdould talk

In 1936, Roeder had visited Germanyand was requested, by German authorities to act as an espionage agent. Primarily 9

due to monetaryrewardshe wouldreceive, Roederagreed.
Roeder entered a
to 16 years in prison. p v

r

and was sentenced

guilty plea to the charge of espionage
G

PAUL ALFRED H. SCUOLZ in 1926 but never attained

~

A German native,

propaganda. &#39;

German book stores

in New York City,

citizenship.

Paul Scholz cameto the United States
where he disseminated

He had been employed in

9

Nazi

time of his arrest, $chcia~had just given Gustay Hilhelm Kaerchgj
a list of radio call letters and frequencies. He also encouraged 1

. Schola had arranged for Josef Klein to construct the radio set used by Felix Jahnke and Axel Hheelcr-Hill. At the

-

membersof this spy ring to secure data for Germany and arranged
contacts between various German asents.i Upon conviction, Scholz was sentenced s&#39; to 16 years &#39; 1

under the Registration

imprisonment for espionage with 2 years
Act.

concurrent sentence
. "

é=
United States in

1
1923.

GEORGE GOTTLOB SCHUH
He became a citizen

&#39; George Schuh, a
employed as a carpenter.

native of Germany, came to the
in 1939

,W

and was directly to the
had

¢

Gestapo in Hamburg, Germany, from this country._ Schuh had
provided Alfred Brokhoff information that Winston Churchill

As a German agent,

he sent information

»arrived carrying

in the United States materials

on the HMS George V. to Britain. ~

He also. *

furnished information

and supplies

to Germany concerning the movement_of ships

k iH Act, & Schuh % §§¬¬ &#39; Guilty to.1.1.=...<¢f¢iié%§ZEI;t avin8?51eaded i received a sentence of 18 months in prison and a
E
I 2" »

. &#39;<>_ -"_-:1. I

/v. .&#39;._ __ _

-

11 -9

,; ._,.7:, ,; FT &#39; &#39; I * *~ ~ ., . &#39; * "~ *¢ -4-* .w* .vm ., I=

"

~ &#39; ,

*

.,~Tw,1,_~~ , I-F V: < W 3-? -,1? _ &#39; ~ &#39; ~ 1 1,- w . . . :_ I_ : V a ~~~~ -_ H ._ e.,_ Q v &#39; a-nu-in-are a~,;..; __+»__a.a-

.. ,8: .,

V _ Ia 1

2 m _492

x1

92

v a~

L , .. <.9 ... &#39; , ,e

~¢ = > &#39;<>,~ ~ ,

r 92

» :0 "

~ as

" &#39; Y-&#39;#"&#39;
&#39; MY

a 0 .v V i» &#39;,~=~ , .,, 0. rw iM U W P

&#39;1 ,

e*@%m¢w »ev>Ww V _p-,,_ ii ».-yr._. .i 1, , V. M V X"

&#39; ,
:~.

K Ir
as V v

1

m
~ ¢¢< *~ » ,0», % ,&#39;92 1-l &#39; /,&#39;r &#39; ~18-&#39; ,.&#39; 92» ,.» i v ._ra.m »8* > -" .1, ,1r .";~&#39;->9, &#39; ~ &#39; " ~ I,» ~ 61,4 » it ,,~

F *K2»
4- 4

_

,l - . ,i&#39; ,1 . = &#39;/ &#39; ,-

h .,92

,,

l

"

ya x»

1
7

,-n" &#39;, &#39; 1/ V ;_

i

is

F =2:

U? >.

i

4 3, h ,gj§P%; u r

.<92.

Mrv t1,7; I3%»r~9292.r;=, J

butcher on

1929¢and attained eititenship in
the SS Emerita until
Navy. *~ 0

tier

_,_92 1 L R i ._

United States

it was

j936.ol e nae

uni e;ed3 ii f*§t,ai from erean é$¥ in v
taken over
A

&#39;»H .1 "" &#39; i

&#39; .

0

~

92

-

on

served»as*chief QQJ
by the In

gf A courier, Siegler brought microphotographic &#39; instructions to $ebold from German authorities on one occasion. He also had brought $2,900 from German contacts abroad to pay r
Lilly Stein, Duquesne and and he Roeder for their services information about and to buy a

pomb sight. of

contact man,

He served

also obtained

the espionage

group as

an organizer_and Panama Canal.

the movement

ships and.mi1itary Subsequent to
imprisonment on

defense preparations his conviction,
espionage charges

at the Siegler was

sentenced to

10 years

and a concurrent

2-year term
» OSCAR

for violation

of the

Registration Act.

RICHARD STABLER

l e<;§
primarily as
1923 and

Born in Germany; OscarStabier came to this
beeamere oitizen ihJ1933a

country in

a barherganoarditransoceanic ships.
in his possession. a elwas

e had

been employed

at B 0
a map
» p

In Decemhen@r1§$B, gyatish authorities in Bermuda found
of Gibnalter
A close

detained for
Dold, Stabler

a

.

short period .&#39; .

hetero being
States and

released 1 » .

]
served

as a gourier,
the United

transmitting information between German agents in
contacts ebroadb
convicted and and a two-year sentenced to serve fiveayears concurrent term under the
STADE
0

associate of

Conradin Qtto

eStab1er was in prison for espionage Registration Act.
HEINRICH
.-

.

_ Heinrich
in 1922
Paul Bante&#39;s

Stade came
a citizen in

to the

United States
had transmitted

from Germany
data to

and became

1929. Stade
Sebold and

had arranged.for

contact with

supplies to

Germany regarding

England. a ,

points of
a guilty

~: a~

rendezvous for
plea to
fined $1,000

,,%§§§§§%§@#,n;
the
a 15-month
_

convoys carrying

Following
Registration Act,
prison sentence.

violation of
and received

Stade was
.

- 12

-

we-

~.¢ x

1. ;.

.»~ &#39;n ,~V ¥ 1 1

&#39; &#39;3-_*-j&#39;"&#39; ..f -- ,_ - - --"&#39;-"--~-~ ~ ,»~ v .
. ,44

V v inst

-.

_ ..*&#39; .. "~ .. /tr &#39; .

p

-~. ~ -1&#39; " K1 1 » .f ,"&#39;. " . »F~e.§§¢

--&#39;¢-~&#39;-e---¢..¢<>..-e --&: ...,....~..&#39;.. ..&#39;92...5.,..,....-1 _ &#39;
&#39; _ ,

~»n e r

-r,=

_

,.

&#39;7"? v F ._,,,a{ ,7""&#39; ,r if 3 _ y -s ~

¢ r

tmi

S

~

Q1 ~,92,< _ ,;;.__

~-J. P .-M

1* . .&#39;

>_ H

>

. .V

~

< .,

&#39;¢ i A

yr

i 1$5,. 1. F §

Ida; a§ta9e§,
-K . .. 1 &#39;--&#39; -_

A
. ., Y i " &#39; » ., . A do:

pf}
.;. ! ,.w. 1%

ii
I 3&#39;

,_ M

. ?,.&#39; 4 " .
-

IF I l

L ,-

.aw-~ < V_ .. 1
1" -. .; &#39; &#39; ~ ~

.9

<

K "? E;_-r &#39;4&#39;

.i]gi" ér
_ til»

?fi1npri§i§%nii$cA§eti sTs1n;i*3._¢.--;i. ,c¢

the espionage instructor uheVhadtrained William Sebold the two mentwerenot related! in Hamburg,Germany. She enrolled in this.
school and was sent to the United States in 1939. -&#39;4 Lilly Stein was one of the people to whomSebold had

Bornin vienna,&#39;Aus%ri%, Lilly Stein. met Hugo_Sebo1d;

been instructed to deliver microphotographinstructions upon his him information tor transmittal
Germany.

arrival in this country. v$he frequently met with Seboldto give
to Germany,and her address was
an

used as a return addressby other agents in mailing data for

espionage and registration

years

_ Miss Stein pleaded guilty and received sentences of 10 and 2 concurrent years imprisonment for violations of

statutes, respectively. _

FRANZ JOSEPH STIGLER

.

in 1931, Eran: Stigler left Germany for the employed as a crew member aboardUnited States ships until his discharge from the SS Americawhenthe United States Navy
converted that ship into the U85 West Point. v

United States, where he became_a.citizen in 1939. He had been

United States and Germanagents abroad. Stigler sought to recruit amateur radio operators in the United States as channels of communicationto Germanradio stations. He had also observed

operated as couriers

His constant companionwas Erwin Siegler, and they
in transmitting information between the

with other German agentsto advisethemin their espionage T
pursuits.

and reported defense

preparations

in the Canal Zone and had met

registration

years in prison on espionagechargeswith 2 concurrentyears for
violations.
ERICH STRUNCK -

Upon conviction,

Stigler

was-sentenced to serve 16

5

F
e

"iUnited States Tromi ermany 1n W927."~He&#39;became a@maturali2ed&#39; *
citizen in 1935." ~-s &#39; &#39;

his arrival in this country, Erich Strunck cameto the
.

&#39;

A seaman aboard ships of the United States Lines since

,- V .

§

3

to steal the diplomaticbagof a British officer traveling aboard

agents in the United States and Europe. He requestedauthority

As a courier, Strunck carried messagesbetween German

it 9m

Q n ,;

W 2.
1
.
.

§<: in

» >3;-v

,_ ,,

W ~
,.. H
1.;
~ p A . , &#39; &#39;

1
fv .,
.. ~

if
»*;;..,.. , » ; I ~ »-vi? 92

yvp gt 1%; » .=»a.~¬» ~

-

.w,v

rgw
J},
:

Va 1. a F s .. M 4

§_ V ,v a ~ y,_ xv. g;; 3» i,1, . _-9, _ , _ _ ,V iv , 4_ .V -er 3% Mg - ~~ _ __ i/* , ,.;.;...L_.i, ~; = _,,.» V < ,.7 ,. ~ ~ _ U: &#39; ; -....,......,_..._.._. ....-..-.. ..; 92 ~___ _,_ _/ a _ .~ V . ii ,.. , ,. i -.3 , .¢.1/.{ __ ,,, .1.11.», 1 . < , ,.:A~ ,. V

I I V.

i 1 _

.

-

an rrl v >~ ""1-a= w1 = , » , V, :, . -, -2,,» 1 _ ~e».n;>,a p , A ,

r,..~.&#39;> *. &#39; ~ .

J ,, , _ 1

.

v..

. __ &#39; Y, -a § .1.-~_,.-V ,,
3>¢~ &#39; 1. , V ,,-Ht we t, in? g, he-u

.~- T ~&#39;».&#39 U

t "Ii {1 ,

1.c..t5,aea§j"-at . », ,4,» i1 1»i -~w
I * &#39; Hlq _ &#39;1_¢z._ ,
1&#39; _. ,_ ,v &#39;,~»*. £1 ~v in ..

, 41&#39; ajw ~".~"~s 1 &#39; I

.» »¢ -&#39; II U ,7Q

..

A
w

§. .;*>a" ~ T -H e » aw ta »
V
/ ,~ ,. ,_-1; .92yai , _, ,.

.

»

,%&#39;h~.V
I

£1 ,1.

=~in pniscngen,espianage charges. .£efalsa nae sentc aed te a serne

_

c ,

Struneh was cc victed

two-year concurrent termfhnder the
; .

ane;ae§taneettse teat. we years
e

Regist » L %tie

Aet;
Q

K Y

LEO waALEn&#39;i- a my

9. >

German domination. Heentered the United States by "jumping ship" about1935. Hewas a painter~forga smallboatcompany which was constructing smallcraft for the United StatesNavy.
to safeguard national defensematerials from sabotage. Waalen also securedGcvernment contracts listing specifications for in materials andequipment, as well as detailed seacharts of_the&#39;
United States Atlantic coastline.

Haalenwasborn in Danzigwhile that city wasunder,

¥92

I ¢

FBI whichcontained precautions tc be taken by

England.Healso obtained a confidential booklet issued

,

Waalen gatheredinformation about ships

sailing for

industrial plants

by the

F, é

13%.. #4 Y4

vieelaticn

Following his conviction, Uaalenwassentenced to 12 years in prison icr espionagegnd a concurrent 2-year term for
thazjtegiatraucn .P act. 1
-_ anoir nanny aucusr wiisstasnsxi &#39;

»&#39;~ K .

t

maturity.

Aj erman native, Nalischewski hadbeena seaman since 1
He became a naturalized citizen in 1935. &#39;

Walischeuski became connected"with theGerman espipnage _system through Paul Fehse.Hisdutieswere confined t§n§gase~cfj
contacts

courier, carrying datafromagents in the United states can abroad. &#39; 1?
Act.

V2

concurrent sentence under the Registration

Upon conviction, Walischewski receiveda five~year e prison sentence on espionage charges,as well as a two-year
ELSE WEUSTENFELD "

,. until her arrest,&#39;she was a secretary for "theGerman Consulate in New YorkCity.

Germany in 1927 andbecame a citizen 10yearslater. From 1935

Else Weustenfeldarrived in the United States from

a lawfirmrepresenting Y ;p

JV-V ..&#39; V-&#39;~V-V A.&#39; .&#39; 25; Vyll f A VV." .9 4,4&#39;. __..,Q V&#39;»V V5: &#39; 92 V rV, 1 ; . .0 .V v V W . V -~&#39;V_§,lVI92V qr Y 1 V _ .V . Q1-~w g_=
>-~ _, H -"

&#39; " -w~»~~ _l ~

~ < "sw"¢~~¢ Vnamr 7 W. ~ VV ? V V &#39; &#39; I V i@% W /Vjf, V V V %WFV &#39; Vii

V V? Q» =1 v / &#39; &#39; ;;, "L V "1P. »V I n-";1-.V;» JV." 2.V .1 Iu V.w~V &#39;-&#39;V.&#39;: V &#39; .V&#39;~ .VV 11: V &#39;;V1Vt V _V =*~ »"V: &#39;VFr-=:=*&#39;V :" {?; "~_ :VvV* V V ¢_:-2 VV y V ,_ ,V V .V _ V V , H y ~ V Q __§»4{f{: Vi _ ,_, V: Q V VV~V ;VVvV Vi" ~*VV;V &#39;V 6 WV"; ;-I V rVV&#39; &#39; " sf VV "V. , V; .V -V;VV11~ V &#39; *" *"*""""&#39;"*&#3 V1; /,5 VVV , V. ,_ &#39;$ V. V A ;,,~; V7V_V V. VTV VVV V V, &#39;",l ,f~g ._ yak; -_&#39;f?:VfF" -I . VV V. V.= V V WW: .V V "V &#39; ,V. =2 2 -V ,~ * ~VVVV 4&#39; V &#39;V~VV= VVV V 0,m¢,,V¢V~VV &#39;, 1 92 V ,1 :: &#39;¬ f&#39;?Vr , V~ -V V _ V .V V V V.V V -/R" V~ VV_ _.V1» * VV -,, V " VVVW V:§ V .§;$?VV&#39; V V. V- V V V V iV .» en V V ;V». . V V 92 sV -V V. J~V V V VV <1 V~ VV V _47: J,V AW y V FM IV V DW" o VVV H 5. ¬ 3. V&#39; W :p M",_"v V, V Y j V. V y ail, VV JV J. VVV V. Vn ~r_; ¢t" Q" V V~ V , VVl_;;rV&#39;~ I ;92 r V g VV &#39;vV>"r a§1," V. V ¬92Y""V 2 >4. w ~V1 92 * 8V &#39; V-: V&#39; e1VV1V-V V:-§,VVV * |v"§92
VV

w -q;? § +1 ~f" V V l":..V V VV X :V~ _KW 8" "VVV : V *~: &#39; f.P».V?, V&#39;V . V,

" V ~
V

%*~ V¢ w§V V@VV%&#39; » ~@s@ V VV@:i " V ;tV*g@anV J ~V IQ °§, >"~ *i:=V: V I " 0 V 4* % VV * "&#39;k"*7§>" "V&#39;1,;V V 1 ~~ _~V V: -n . <,_V , ,. t H IV V »i,5:,VVV, 5,». VV ;V

4 l_J,~,92 L . ,, IV~~&#39;» V.V n 9292_ W V VV V>_

r _V 4 G =4 YJ7-~

~
it V

»¢ee>~sa-< V ¢m& ;&#39;Vnm,;
.V VVV, V.V V VV Vs W.» V. V_

iinw»~en

V» -V a V V V 1VV i- VVwVVV ~V

V ,V . R V» Q, V V V

V V~ ,VV V;V.&#39;fV 7 ~.VP. 3-VVV VV is V&#39;=~ .V &#39;§&#39;y

-11" Vas

"

2 V7 :
V;
V

gi §~

4>7" V WV, V "V

&#39;?V

§;V i; &#39;

awed #HeVVnaa>v en;iase§V?*ne§e e Gefii an agent. Iniwesa, naeeesarela visited Hans nstterfennhexiee, where he_was sefvingwas a paymaster for the GeraanVInte11igenoeV
Service. V "l .
V

Ri<%V*5eiV was

-

"

>

concurrent years

to five years! imprisonmentVon chargeof espionageVand two

After pleading guilty, Else Heustenfeld-was sentenced
on of registration violations. _ . charge
AXEL WHEELER-HILL truck driver.

V

y

V";

in 1929 and was employedas a

from his native land of Russia. Vhe wasnaturalized as a citizen

V J

Axel Wheeler-Hill came totheUnited States in 1923
V

V

,

set for sending coded messagesto Germany. x V.
92

Wheelerkhill obtained information for Germany regarding2 with Felix &#39; Jahnke, he enlistedthe aid of Paul Sohalz in building a radio ,
ships sailing to Britain from NewYork harbor.

serve 15 years i%e§fiS©B for espionage and 2 concurrent years » under the Registration Act. V
.

"~

aa11essng»ees»seesas, Hheeler~Hill-V85 ee fé cedto V
&#39; asarnnn HOLFGANG zaszzucea _
V V»

.V

"

-

mechanical dentistry in LosAngeles,California.
several letters

reported reason for coming to this country wasto stud$f

19HO as aVnaturalized citizen of the Union of South Afrgca. His
F%_*

V

Born in Germany, ZenzingereameVto the United States in

invisible messages for Germany in the mail fromSiegler. Hesent
details

In July 1900,Zenzinger received a pencil for preparing
to Germany through a mail drop in Sweden
of national defense materials.

outlining

Pleading guilty, he received 18

Zenzinger wasarrested by FBI Agents on April T6, 19H1. months in prison for violation of the RegistrationAct and 8 years imprisonment for espionage. &#39;

e

"

"
-V-.4 __

~
-»eea>*
2.3; J ff : 1&#39;

V VV
_ ._

J

~_-&#39;3. 92> __ _ !
Q

_

11:

_