Photoshop CS5: Basic Layers and Text

Student Document July 1, 2011

Author: Anne Kolaczyk Editor: Anne Kolaczyk, Susan Antonovitz ©2011 Office of Information Technologies, University of Notre Dame. All rights reserved. Reproduction or translation of any part of this work without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. Requests for permission or further information should be addressed to the Office of Information Technologies, University of Notre Dame. All registered trademarks, trademarks, and service marks are the property of their respective owners.

................................................................................................................................... Changing text ............................................................................................................................ Manipulating layers ....................................................................... 4 5 6 6 8 9 10 12 12 12 13 13 13 14 15 16 16 17 18 Getting Help.................................................................................................... 1 1 1 Review................................ Using the Ellipse tool................... Adding text ............................................................7/1/2011 Photoshop CS5: Basic Layers and Text Table of Contents Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Using a text bullet .......................................................... Learning objectives.......................................................................................... Adding photos............................................................................... Working with text ................................................................................................................................................. Working with layers............................................................................................................................................................................................................ Drop Shadows........................................................................................................................................................................... 631-8111 ............................. Ordering layers ..... Rulers ................ 2 2 3 Class project ..................................................................... 19 Adobe Help menu ............................................................................................................ Adding effects...................................................................................................................... Google............................................................................................ The Layer panel ....................................... Class files ...................................................................................... 19 19 19 19 University of Notre Dame Contents i .......................................................... 4 Creating a new file ............................................. OIT Help Desk............................................................................................................................................................................................................... Deleting a layer .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. History panel..................... 2 Image size .............................................................. Organizing layers .................................................... Actions ..................................................... Creating bulleted lists ............................................................................................................................................... Adding text effects................................................................................................................................... 1 Prerequisites................................................................................................................... Applying actions ..................................

................................................................. 23 Appendix D: Saving your file ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 24 Saving our file.............................. 20 Appendix B: Interface................................... 24 ii Contents Office of Information Technologies ................... 21 Appendix C: Basic tools.......Photoshop CS5: Basic Layers and Text 7/1/2011 Appendix A: Terms ..............................................................................................

it can take time to learn all its possibilities. Prerequisites The following skill prerequisites are recommended for a participant to get the most out of this training experience. These activities include step-by-step instructions. as well as an explanation of why a particular skill is important and how it can be used in real-life situations. Learning objectives This course is designed around a series of learning unit activities that teach specific skills. Because of its complexity. Upon completion of this course. you should gain enough experience to continue using these tools on your own with your own photos. changing the order. This class will provide an introduction to the basic use of layers in Photoshop. but in it. This is intended to be a beginning program.7/1/2011 Photoshop CS5: Basic Layers and Text Introduction Photoshop is a complex program that can do amazing things with photographs and graphic files. • • • Familiarity with digital photographs and graphic files Experience with the Windows environment Experience with the basic Photoshop tools covered in the OIT training class: Photoshop CS5: Basic Photo Manipulation. participants should understand: • • • the basic use of layers: creating. deleting and merging how to add text to an image how to apply effects to layers and text Class files The files needed for this class can be found at: I: > win_dos > Training > Photoshop_Layers University of Notre Dame 1 .

Height and Resolution. • • 3. History panel 4. Click OK. Open the file OurLady. Document Size includes Width. go to Image > Canvas Size. Document Size only links Width and Height. Height. Go to Image > Adjustments > Variations.psd. choose Image Size. • Notice the Pixel Dimensions are at the top and Document Size is in the middle. 6. 2 Office of Information Technologies . With Resample Image unchecked. In the file OurLady. Pixel Dimensions is locked and unchangeable. 2. If Resample Image is checked. Pixel Dimensions may be changed. 5. and Resolution. Pixel Dimensions include Width and Height. From the Image menu. change the Height to 12 inches. Document Size links Width. If Resample Image is unchecked.Photoshop CS5: Basic Layers and Text 7/1/2011 Review Image size 1.psd. Change the canvas width to 13 inches and click OK.

8. go to View.edu or call 631-7227. Save OurLady. Open the History panel.psd and then close it.7/1/2011 Photoshop CS5: Basic Layers and Text 7. University of Notre Dame 3 . Go back to the version of the image where you changed it to 12 inches high. Rulers To show the rulers. The tools covered in this review are ones covered more extensively in the class Photoshop CS5: Basic Photo Manipulation. Click OK. This will help us place objects more exactly. History panel button 9. Lighten the Midtones twice and then the Shadows twice. 10. email training@nd. For more information on that class. then Rulers. Close the History panel. 11.

psd. Open the file OurLady. the part that is off the canvas will not appear. choose New. 300 ppi file. NOTE: Although we changed the height of the file to 12 inches. when we pasted it into the 11x17 inch. Save the file as Poster. 2. 8. using one photo as the background and adding other photos around it. move around the photo on Layer 1. the resolution was automatically changed to 300 ppi which changed the height and width proportionally. In the New dialog box: • Name: Poster • • • • Width: 11 inches Height: 17 inches Resolution: 300 ppi Leave Color Mode as RGB and Background as White 3. 4. Select all (Select > All or Ctrl+A). Go to the file Poster and paste (Edit > Paste or Ctrl+V) the file into it. then copy it (Edit > Copy or Ctrl+C). From the Photoshop File menu. Click OK to close the dialog.Photoshop CS5: Basic Layers and Text 7/1/2011 Class project In this class we will construct a collage-like poster. Using the Move tool. Close the file OurLady. NOTE: The photo is too wide for the canvas and when you move it. 5. Creating a new file 1. 6. 7. We’ll then add text and learn to add effects to the text. 4 Office of Information Technologies .psd.

From the Layers panel. This means you can do different things to different parts of your image. choose the Design workspace layout. Opacity setting Layer dropdown button Locking options Show/Hide layer Selected layer Link layers Add effects Group layers Delete layer Create layer 3. Masks and adjustment layers are an advanced topic. In the file Poster. with Layer 1 being the selected layer. 1. Notice this image is comprised of two layers. the image pixels. Note: We will not cover all the tools accessed from the quick toolbar at the bottom of the Layers panel. University of Notre Dame 5 . The Layers panel is in the lower right.7/1/2011 Photoshop CS5: Basic Layers and Text The Layer panel One of Photoshop’s strengths is the ability to use layers in your images. Let’s look at the various tools Photoshop has to work with layers. 2.psd. we can: • • • • Change the opacity of the layer Lock the transparency. the position or the whole layer Show or Hide the layer Use the quick toolbar at the bottom to: • • • • • Link layers Add effects Group layers Create a new layer Delete layers.

but close the dialog box without changing anything. 3. Adding photos 1. 2. Note the new size of the photo once it was converted to 300 ppi. Click Yes in the confirmation dialog box. 4. If necessary. 5.jpg file in Photoshop. Right click on Layer 1 in the Layers Panel and choose Delete Layer. From within Photoshop. Each will be on its own layer. Return to the cabinet. Open the Image Size dialog box. Copy the photo and paste it in the poster file. open the file cabinet. Working with layers We’re going to some smaller photos to our poster.jpg.Photoshop CS5: Basic Layers and Text 7/1/2011 • The Layers dropdown menu allows us to perform the same functions as the quick toolbar and also: • • • • Duplicate layers Change the layer into a Smart Object Merge layers Flatten the image 4. 6 Office of Information Technologies . Do Exercise #1 now. or Select > Deselect). Note the size and resolution. You can also rename a layer by double clicking on it. deselect the selection (Ctrl+D.

Select an area of the picture that encompasses the woman locking the cabinet. enter 20 px in the Feather field. University of Notre Dame 7 . 8. Be careful not to get too close to an edge when you have feathering set.7/1/2011 Photoshop CS5: Basic Layers and Text 6. Copy the selection (Ctrl+C or Edit > Copy) and paste it into the poster file (Ctrl+V or Edit > Paste). In the tool’s option bar. select the Retangular Marquee tool. 7. In the toolbar.

11. Move the new photo to the lower right of the poster. that side of the photo would appear flattened.Photoshop CS5: Basic Layers and Text 7/1/2011 Notice the fuzzy edges of the selection. Right click on Layer 1 in the Layers panel and choose Blending Options. If you were too close to an edge when you feathered. Save your file. treating each part of the file in different ways. This is the feathering effect. you created a new layer automatically. 8 Office of Information Technologies . 10. Adding effects Photoshop allows you to add effects through the layer panel. Notice too that when you copied and pasted. 9.

Drop Shadows The Drop Shadow preferences allow you to adjust your effect in a number of ways. On the left is a Styles pane that shows the various styles you can apply to the layer. but you can also see how the effect looks in our poster file. Click on the words Drop Shadow. There is a small preview screen on the far right of the dialog box. A check appears in the checkbox and the Drop Shadow preferences appear. On the right are the specific Style preferences.7/1/2011 Photoshop CS5: Basic Layers and Text The Layer Style dialog opens up. Opacity: Sets how dense or opaque the shadow is. Clicking on the name of the style in the left pane will bring that style’s preferences into the right pane. Clicking in the checkbox applies the default values of that style to the layer. 12. Blend Mode: This is a more advanced feature and determines how the pixels of the drop shadow blend with the pixels of the picture beneath it. University of Notre Dame 9 .

10 Office of Information Technologies . Noise: Sets the number of random elements in the shadow’s opacity.Photoshop CS5: Basic Layers and Text 7/1/2011 Angle: Sets the direction the light is coming from. Distance: Sets the offset distance of the shadow. Actions Photoshop allows you to create Actions--similar to macros in Microsoft Word--where you record the various changes you make to a layer or file and then you can play them back to make the same changes to another file or layer. Layer Knocks Out Drop Shadow: Controls the drop shadow’s visibility in a semitransparent layer. This is very handy when you have a number of files that need to be adjusted the same way. Be aware that some tasks within Photoshop do not lend themselves to automation in every case. Contour: Sets the shadow’s fade. Click OK to close the dialog box. Spread: Sets how wide the boundary of the matte is before blurring. 13. Size: Sets the size of the shadow. Change the preferences as follows: • • • • Angle: Change to 50 Distance: 15 Spread: 2 Size: 10 14.

Select an area encompassing the hands and the keyboard. 3. There are a number of pre-set Actions listed in the panel. 4. From the Windows menu. choose Actions. 7. Stop Record Play New Action New Set Delete 6. 2. At the bottom of the Actions panel are various controls and functions that mange the recording of your action and also allow you manage your actions. University of Notre Dame 11 . 10. 5. Make sure the resolution is set at 300 ppi. Open the file keyboard_lock. Name your new action AddPhoto. Click on the Layers button to make the Layers panel active. staying away from the edges of the file. View Image Size.7/1/2011 Photoshop CS5: Basic Layers and Text 1.) 8. Go to Edit > Paste. Click on the words Drop Shadow to open the preferences. Then click on the tab to make the Poster. but we will be creating a new one. Go to Edit > Copy. Select the Rectangular Marquee tool and set the Feather to 20 px.psd file active. 9. then click Record. (Using keyboard commands for copy and paste will not work in an Action. We will not include the actual selection in our Action because the area we wish to select may change from photo to photo. Click the New Action button at the bottom of the Actions panel. Right click on the newly made layer and choose Blending Options.jpg.

it’s best to rename them something helpful. Click OK to close the dialog box. 14. choose the AddPhoto action and click the Play button at the bottom of the panel. 16.Photoshop CS5: Basic Layers and Text 7/1/2011 11. In the Layers panel. Double click on the name Layer 1 and change it to cabinet. right click on Layer 2 and choose Delete Layer. When you have a file with more than just a few layers. Click the Stop button on the bottom of the Actions panel.psd and Keyboard_lock. 13. if necessary: • • • • Angle: 50 Distance: 15 Spread: 2 Size: 10 12. make Keyboard_lock the active file. Change Layer 2 to keyboard and Layer 3 to shredder. 12 Office of Information Technologies . 1. Do Exercise #2 now. Change the following values. 2. 17. 18. Save your Poster. let’s delete the keyboard photo we just worked with. Deleting a layer In order to try out our Action.jpg.jpg as the only open files. Using the Rectangular Marquee tool. Manipulating layers Each time we placed a new photo. Applying actions 15. With Poster.psd file and then close Keyboard_lock. a new layer was created and given an automatic name. select an area that encompasses the hands and most of the keyboard. In the Actions panel. Click Yes to confirm the deletion.

Ordering layers The order that layers are listed in the Layers panel indicates the order that they are “stacked” in the file.7/1/2011 Photoshop CS5: Basic Layers and Text 3. University of Notre Dame 13 . the keyboard is covering part of the woman’s hand. and the shredder below that. Drag the layer shredder to beneath the layer keyboard. The Background is always at the bottom of the layer list and is always farthest back in the file. Move the keyboard photo below it. Select the Horizontal Type tool. The layer at the top of the layer panel is at the very front of the file. allowing the files to overlap slightly. Working with text Text can be added to your file. You move layers by dragging them up or down. using the Move tool. residing on a text layer where you can manipulate it and add effects as you did with other objects on layers. 6. 4. drag the photo to the middle left of the poster file. Adding text 1. Click on cabinet to make it the active layer and. We want the cabinet picture to be on top of the keyboard picture. Drag the layer cabinet to the top of the layer list. If you look at the overlap of the keyboard and the cabinet picture. 5.

Make the following changes to the text: • • Right align the text Have the right edge of the text slightly overlap Mary’s shoulders. click in the text where you wish to make changes. choose Character. With the text layer and the Type tool selected. right click on the text layer and choose Convert to Paragraph Text. make these changes: • • • The font to Arial. Changing text • • • To move the text. This will put a bounding box around the text and you can adjust the size of the box to adjust the flow of the text.Photoshop CS5: Basic Layers and Text 7/1/2011 2.” This means you need to hit Enter to manually insert line breaks. To change it to paragraph text. • 6. select all the text you typed. If necessary. Click with the Type tool in the upper left area of the poster. double click in the text icon in the text layer to select all the text. To edit the text. By default. Right click on the text layer and choose Convert to Paragraph Text. make the text layer the active layer and use the Move tool to drag the text to its new location. To change formatting of the text. 7. Photoshop makes text “point text. The Character panel opens. using the Type tool. Bold and 48 pt Set the leading to 60 pt Set the color to a dark blue 4. 3. Type the following: Keeping University data secure is all our responsibility • Notice how the type runs off the page. have the top of the first line of text line up with her halo 14 Office of Information Technologies . A small box will appear as your starting point. From the Window menu. 5.

• • • • Change the Opacity to 50 Change the Distance to 30 Change the Size to 20 Be careful to have a consistent light source when having multiple items with a drop shadow in one photo. 11. Add a drop shadow. Save your file. 10. Using the Zoom tool. Adding text effects You can add effects to text just as you can to any layer.7/1/2011 Photoshop CS5: Basic Layers and Text • • Change the font size to 60 and the leading to 90 Change responsibility to responsibilities 8. Right click on the text layer and choose Blending Options. zoom in to the text you just entered. University of Notre Dame 15 . 9.

Save your file. Make sure the dark blue is still our foreground color. Try some of the other effects. The blue is now our foreground color. 14. 16 Office of Information Technologies . 4.Photoshop CS5: Basic Layers and Text 7/1/2011 12. especially Bevel and Emboss and Stroke. 2. then use that to click on the blue in the text we just created. click on the eye dropper tool. and then draw a small circle next to the Keep sensitive data in locked cabinets text. Click OK to close the Layer Style dialog box. Do Exercise #3 now. 15. Add a drop shadow to the circle.) 3. To use this same shade of blue for more text. Choose the Ellipse tool. Using the Ellipse tool 1. (You may need to use the History panel to undo and try again. Move the circle to the desired location. Creating bulleted lists Photoshop does not have the same text formatting capabilities as other software like Word or InDesign but you can still achieve the look you want. 13.

The Type tool should now be active. drag the text layer so it is right beneath the layer containing your circle.7/1/2011 Photoshop CS5: Basic Layers and Text 5. Place your cursor in front of the work Lock. Hold the Shift key down and select both layers. Double click in the text symbol of the layer Lock your computer.. 2. Right click on either of the layers and choose Link Layers. change: • • • The font to Wingding The size to 14 pt The superscript baseline to 5 pt University of Notre Dame 17 . 7. In the Layers panel. 3. The link symbol shows that the layers are linked Using a text bullet 1.. Now the layers are linked and will move together. 6. to select the text. In the Character panel.

but grouping has the added benefit of allowing you to collapse the group in your Layers panel and have fewer layers to scroll through. With the cursor after the bullet. 6. Organizing layers You can link layers to move them as one. 3. change the first line indent to -20. You can also group layers and move them as one. Do Exercise #4 now. 18 Office of Information Technologies . This will outdent your bullet. In the Layers panel. 5. Change the name of the group to Images. In the Paragraph panel. select the three layers containing the photos we added to the poster: cabinet. From the Layer menu. shredder and keyboard. change the font size to 8 and then add a space. Type a lowercase L. This should put a bullet before the text.Photoshop CS5: Basic Layers and Text 7/1/2011 4. Expand the group to see the layers it contains. A folder appears in your Layers panel named Group 1. 1. 2. choose Group Layers.

OIT Help Desk 631-8111 Photoshop CS5 is supported software and the OIT Help Desk should be able to help you with the basic functions.7/1/2011 Photoshop CS5: Basic Layers and Text 4. Getting Help Adobe Help menu This menu takes you to the Adobe help system and will answer most of your questions about Photoshop CS5. 5. Refining your search can be an art but there are many excellent web pages that can give you assistance if you can find them. They should all move as one. drag the photos slightly to the left. you can google the key words and find many answers. Save your file. Google Many times if you cannot find the answer to your problem/question in the Adobe Help menu. Using the Move tool and with the Images group selected in the Layers panel. University of Notre Dame 19 .

File format: • Jpeg is the file format most used for photographs. Image mode: • • • Grayscale images are in black and white and shades of gray. Printed graphics should be 300 ppi. 20 Office of Information Technologies . • • • Image size refers to the dimensions of the graphic and also the resolution. yellow and black and used primarily when the images will be printed. PSD are PhotoShop Documents. It’s usually expressed in ppi (pixels per inch) or dpi (dots per inch). BMP are bitmapped files. You cannot get a good quality print from a low-res photo for which you changed the resolution. The higher the ppi is. you will reduce the file size when you reduce the dimensions. They are pure black and white and very small files. RGB images are made up of red. you can set the level of compression to control the amount of loss of detail. Gif and png are the file formats most used for graphic elements for web pages because of their very small file size. If your file has a larger ppi. If the three are linked. height and resolution are all tied to file size. the more detail that’s visible. Canvas size refers to the canvas the graphic resides on. the dimensions will be adjusted so that 72 is your ppi. Width. green and blue dots and used primarily for screen viewing. Graphics displayed on a web page must be 72 ppi (low-res). If only width and height are linked. magenta.Photoshop CS5: Basic Layers and Text 7/1/2011 Appendix A: Terms Resolution is the measure of detail in a graphic. with no color. when you change one of them. CMYK images are made of layers of cyan. you change the other two but the file size stays the same.

indicating University of Notre Dame 21 . a menu bar across the top and.7/1/2011 Photoshop CS5: Basic Layers and Text Appendix B: Interface toolbar menu bar options bar panels Photoshop has a moveable toolbar on the left. If you drag your cursor over the Layer’s panel. Design and Painting buttons will change the workspace to the default view for each task. Notice the blue line where the panel will be docked. put your cursor on the dark bar at the top of the toolbar and drag it to your right. • The Essentials. panels on the right. you can choose Reset Workspace and the default view appears again. You can rearrange the workspace to suit your project. an Options bar that changes for each tool selected. If you change the workspace. put your cursor on the dark bar at the top. a blue box will appear. • To move a panel. in the Workspace menu. • To move the toolbar. Drag the panel group. Click on the X and the toolbar disappears. To dock it again. under that. Click on the double arrows in the dark bar and the toolbar changes shape. Go to the Window menu and choose Tools to make is visible again. drag the panel back to the right.

Click off the menu to hide it again. Click on the dropdown indicator and the dropdown menu relating to the visible tab will appear.Photoshop CS5: Basic Layers and Text 7/1/2011 the dragged panel will be merged with the one with the blue box. 22 Office of Information Technologies . Each panel has a dropdown menu with specific tools in it. 6.

Polygonal Lasso Tool: This tool allows you to select an irregularly shaped area. Magic wand: With the Magic Wand. University of Notre Dame 23 . If you erase part of a layer. Spot Healing Brush Tool: This tool helps to blend the edges of manipulated areas together or can be used to eliminate a defect in the photo. The Magic Eraser will erase solid-colored areas to transparency with a click. or a row or column shape. It shares a group with the Slice tools. Zoom: This is the very last tool in the toolbar above the foreground and background color swatches. the fourth tool down. or multiple areas of the same color. but if you right-click on the arrow in the lower right of the tool. you can select an area by color. This tool allows you to crop a photo or graphic. you can erase parts of graphics. you can erase the background to transparency. It’s used to move part of layers around. not just one layer. the layer below it will show through. This allows you to zoom in or out of a picture. It works on the entire file. Eraser: With the Eraser tool. and allows you to copy or clone part of a picture on another part.7/1/2011 Photoshop CS5: Basic Layers and Text Appendix C: Basic tools Move: This is the first tool in the toolbar. Crop: The Crop tool is the fifth tool down. you can choose an elliptical shape. If you use the Background Eraser tool. Marquee: This is the second tool. This tool allows you to select part of a layer or to make shapes that you can stroke or fill. Clone Stamp: The Clone Stamp is part of the next group of tools. The default marquee shape is a square.

There is a special function in Photoshop to save a file for Web use.pngs. If color reproduction is very important. depending on how the photo will be used. Photoshop files can be imported into Adobe InDesign.jpg file is the best format to save files for printing or general use.jpg files. save the graphics as . choose Save. There are different levels of compression that you can choose when saving as a . where you can hide layers or show them all. Photographs on the Web should be . your background will turn white.psd file Saving your file as a Photoshop file allows you to keep the layers intact.jpg file.gif or . or correct something you didn’t the first time around.psd file From the File menu.gif format will keep a transparent background. It will compress the file correctly and adjust the resolution for good online viewing. depending on how you will use it.gifs or . The file will be compressed and the colors simplified to make the graphic the smallest file size for faster viewing. Because our file was a Photoshop file to start with. This way you can always come back to adjust the file and use it again.psd file. .psd copy of it.png Non-photographic graphics to be viewed online should be saved as .jpgs.jpg file. . . Saving a file in . it’s a good idea to keep a . 24 Office of Information Technologies . as needed. Whenever you adjust photos or build a composite. When you save a file as a . Saving our file Saving as a .jpg A . Photoshop files allow you to keep a transparent background. it will save our changes and keep it a .Photoshop CS5: Basic Layers and Text 7/1/2011 Appendix D: Saving your file Photoshop allows you to save your file in different ways.

allow you to compare your original file with various different settings In the upper right. • JPEG Options open • Choose a low quality number for sending photos by email for casual sharing (low number means small file size) Choose a high quality number if the photo will be printed (high number means larger file size but better resolution) If you are unsure how the file will be used. University of Notre Dame 25 . Now it is saved as a . • • 3.7/1/2011 Photoshop CS5: Basic Layers and Text Saving as a . Choose JPEG as the Format and click Save. choose Save As. choose Save for Web & Devices. • • • • • • • The tabs in the upper left. Saving for Web use 1. Click OK. JPG.jpg file. Click Done to save the settings but not save the file Click Save to save the file. 2. PNG. you can choose a Preset selection of preferences You can choose your format: GIF. From the File menu. WBMP You can choose the level of dithering (a pattern of dots that simulates a color not in the color panel) You can convert to RGB and change the image size Click Save to save the file in the format listed.jpg 1. From the File menu. always save it in the highest form available.

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