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CH3 - Metals and Non-Metals (MCQs)


1. Which of the following is the best electrical conductor? (a) Gold (b) Silver (c) Copper (d) Aluminium 2. Which of the following is NOT True for metals? (a) Generally metals are malleable. (b) Metals are good conductors of heat. (c) Metals are electronegative by nature. (d) Metals displace hydrogen gas from dilute acids. 3. In general the number of electrons in the outermost shell of a metal atom is (a) 1 (b) 1 to 3 (c) 5 to 8 (d) 8 4. Bauxite is an ore of which metal (a) iron (b) aluminium (c) copper (d) tin 5. Which of the following pairs will give displacement reactions? (a) NaCl solution and copper metal (b) MgCl2 solution and aluminium metal (c) FeSO4 solution and silver metal (d) AgNO3 solution and copper metal. 6. Which of the following methods is suitable for preventing an iron frying pan from rusting? (a) Applying grease (b) Applying paint (c) Applying a coating of zinc (d) All of the above. 7. An element reacts with oxygen to give a compound with a high melting point. This compound is also soluble in water. The element is likely to be (a) calcium (b) carbon (c) silicon (d) iron.

8. Food cans are coated with tin and not with zinc because (a) zinc is costlier than tin. (b) zinc has a higher melting point than tin. (c) zinc is more reactive than tin. (d) zinc is less reactive than tin. 9. Haematite is an ore of (a) iron (b) aluminium (c) copper (d) tin 10. What are the constituents of alloy solder? (a) Copper, zinc (b) Copper, tin (c) Lead, Zinc (d) Lead, tin 11. Which of the is more reactive? (a) Hg (b) Al (c) Ag (d) Ca 12. By which reaction metal is obtained from metal oxide ? (a) Liquefaction (b) Reduction (c) Calcination (d) Roasting 13. Which non-metallic element is in liquid form ? (a) Carbon (b) Hydrogen (c) Bromine (d) Phosphorus 14. Which of the following non-metal is good conductor of electricity? (a) Graphite (b) Phosphorus (c) Hydrogen (d) Bromine 15. Which of the following is not a half-metal? (a) silicon, (b) boron,

(c) arsenic (d) chlorine

Q1: List any five physical properties of metals. Q2: Are metals electronegative or electropositive? Q3: Define Malleability. Q4: Name a metal which can be cut with a knife? Q5: Give examples of metals which are found in liquid form at room temperature. Q6: Define ductility. Give two examples of metals that exhibit this property. Q7: Give an example of metal which is i. the best conductor of heat ii. the poor conductor of heat. Q8: What are metalloids? Give examples of metalloids. Q10: What are minerals? Q11: Can metals be extracted from all types of minerals? Q12: What are ores? Q13: Define metallurgy. Q14: Give an example of non-metal which is lustrous. Q15: Give an example of a non-metal which is hard and has high melting point. Q16: What is gangue and what is concentration? Q17: Why do potato chips manufacturers fill the packet of chips with nitrogen gas? Q18: Name any non-metal which is found in liquid state at room temperature. Q19:You are given two statements a and b, select the correct inference from this: a. Metals conduct heat. b. Diamond is the best conductor of heat. i. Hence diamond is a metal ii. Statement a is correct iii. Statements a and b is correct iv. None of the above. Q20: Write differences between metals and non-metals based on physical properties.

Class 10 - Science - CH13 - Magnetic Effects of Electric Current (MCQs) Magnetic Effects of Electric Current Q1: Inside the magnet the field lines run (a) From south to north (b) Away from north pole (c) From north to south (d) Away from the south pole Q2: An electric charge in uniform motion produces: (a) an electric field only (b) a magnetic field only (c) both electric and magnetic fields (d) no such field at all Q3: The magnetic field inside the solenoid is (a) Non uniform (b)Variable (c) same at all points (d) zero Q4: A free charged particle moves through a magnetic field. The particle may undergo a change in: (a) speed (b) energy (c) direction of motion (d) none of these Q5: Two free parallel wires carrying currents in opposite directions: (a) attract each other (b) repel each other (c) do not affect each other (d) get moved to perpendicular to each other Q6: The frequency of power supply used in India is (a) 70Hz (b) 60 Hz (c) 50Hz (d) 30Hz

Q7: A current is passed through a straight wire. The magnetic field established around it has its lines of force: (a) circular and endless (b) oval in shape and endless (c) straight lines (d) all of the above Q8: Cyclotron is a device to: (a) to accelerate neutrons (b) accelerate electrons (c) both (a) and (b) (d) none of these Q9: The core of electromagnet is: (a) soft iron (b) nickel (c) steel (d) copper Q10: Field inside a solenoid is: (a) directly proportional to its length (b) directly proportional to current (c) inversely proportional to number of turns (d) inversely proportional to current Q11: A device used to test whether the current is flowing in a conductor or not is (a) Ammeter (b) Galvanometer (c) Voltmeter (d) magnetmeter

Q21(CBSE 2010): What does the direction of thumb indicate in the right-hand thumb rule? Q22(CBSE ): Why does the acceleration of a bar magnet decreases while falling through a solenoid, connected to a closed circuit? Q23(CBSE): (i) Can two magnetic lines of force ever interact? Justify your answer. (ii) Why dont two magnetic lines of force intersect each other? Q24(CBSE 2010): What will be the frequency of an alternating current, if its direction changes after every 0.01 s? Q25(CBSE 2010): AB is a current carrying conductor in the plane of the paper as shown in figure. What are the directions of magnetic field produced by it at points P and Q? Given r1 > r2, where will the strength of the magnetic field be larger?

Q26: Name two sources of direct current and alternating current. Q27: What will happen to magnetic field due to a circular coil carrying electric current, if the number of turns of the coil is doubled. Q28(CBSE 2011): Why does a current carrying conductor experiences a force when it is placed in a magnetic field? State Flemings left hand rule. Q29(NCERT/CBSE 2010/2011): List the properties of magnetic lines of force. or Q(CBSE 2011): (i) What is the direction of magnetic field lines outside a bar-magnet ? (ii) Why two magnetic field lines cannot intersect each other ? (iii) What is indicated by crowding of magnetic field lines in a given region ? Q30: When the current flows in a coil in anti-clockwise direction, what pole does it create? Q31(CBSE 2011): What is the advantage of a.c. over d.c.? Q32: What does MRI stands for? Q33: What colour conventions are used in domestic electrical wiring to indicate: (i) live wire (ii) neutral wire (iii) earth wire

Q34: State the principle on which an electric generator works? Q35: (i) What is a commutator? (ii) In an electric motor which part act as commutator? (iii) How does it help? Q36: (i) What is an armature? What is its advantage? (ii) What are the advantages of electromagnet over permanent magnet? Q37: Define electromagnetic induction. What are the different ways to induce current in a coil? Q37: Define electromagnetic induction. What are the different ways to induce current in a coil? Q38(HOTS): When a proton moves in a uniform magnetic field, why does the momentum change but its kinetic energy does not change? Q39: Is magnetic field vector or scalar quantity? Q40: Can a 5A fuse be used in wire carrying 15 A current? Why? Q41(CBSE 2011/NCERT): An electric oven of 2 kW power rating is operated in a domestic electric circuit that has a current rating of 5A. If the supply voltage is 220V, what result do you expect ? Explain. Q42: A current flows from the wire wound around an iron nail as shown in the figure below. Where is the North Pole and South Pole?

Q43(CBSE): What are the different ways to strengthen an electromagnet? Q44: A current of 5A is flowing through a conductor AB. Will the current be induced in the circular wire of give radius 1m?