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STRUCTURAL CALCULATION

ESSEN FAIR

PR
STRUCTURAL DESIGN:
Sinisa Marjanac msce
www.ekons.ba

CLIENT:
KAMMAN GROUP

STAND: KAMMAN GROUP

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.

INTRODUCTION

1.1

ARCHITECTURAL INPUTS

1.2

LOAD ANALYSIS

1.2.1

DEAD LOAD

1.2.2

HORIZONTAL LOAD

1.2.3

LOAD COMBINATIONS

1.3

STRUCTURAL MODEL

1.4

STRUCTURAL DESIGN

1.4.1

STRUCTURAL DIMENSIONING

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2.

DRAWINGS

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KAMMAN GROUP Stand, Messe Essen

1.

INTRODUCTION

The stands has to be designed for Fair Trade in Essen, Germany.


Area is 7 x 3m, height is 2.5m 3.5m.
Walls are made by plywood sheets, strengten with timber profiles.

1.1

ARCHITECTURAL INPUTS

KAMMAN GROUP Stand, Messe Essen

KAMMAN GROUP Stand, Messe Essen

1.2

LOAD ANALYSIS

Stand construction safety1


Stands, including all equipment and exhibits and advertising matter are to be constructed with such
stability as to pose no danger to public safety and order, and in particular to life and health. The
exhibitor is responsible for structural safety and must provide proof of this.
Free-standing structural elements and special structures (e.g. free-standing walls, high exhibits, high
decorative elements) which can fall over must be rated at least for a horizontally acting equivalent
distributed load qh:
qh1 = 0.125 kN/m2 up to 4.00 m high from the upper edge of the floor
qh = 0.063 kN/m2 for all surfaces above 4.00 m high.
The respective elevation area is the reference area. The relevant verifications to be prepared are to be
submitted to MESSE ESSEN GmbH in a form that can be examined.
Approval of stand construction
On the assumption that the technical regulations have been observed in the design and construction of
the stand, there is no requirement for submission of drawings for approval in respect of single-storey
stand structures up to 2.50 m in the halls.
1.2.1

DEAD LOAD
MATERIALS
Assumptions/Conversions
Plywood

Timber
Timber

Sheets: BxL=2500 x 1000 mm,


Thicknes: 9.5 mm
Mass per sheet: 11,85 kg
Timber D70
bxh = 8 x 3 cm
Timber D70
bxh = 8 x 8 cm

Loading
L1 = 0.0474 KN/m2
L2 = 0.0216 KN/m1
L2 = 0.0512 KN/m1

Equipment
Lights

1.2.2

L3 = 0.05 KN/m1

HORIZONTAL LOAD
Wind load 1: WL=0.125 KN/m2

1.2.3

LOAD COMBINATIONS
COMB1: 1.35DL +1.50 WL1

http://www.schweissenschneiden.com/en/schweissen___schneiden/fuer_messebauer/standsicherheit___standbaugeneh
migung/standsicherheit_standbaugenehmigung_1.html
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KAMMAN GROUP Stand, Messe Essen

1.3

STRUCTURAL MODEL

Geometry

KAMMAN GROUP Stand, Messe Essen

Dead load

Wind load

KAMMAN GROUP Stand, Messe Essen

1.4

STRUCTURAL DESIGN

DEFORMATION COMB1

Moments COMB 1

KAMMAN GROUP Stand, Messe Essen

Reactions

Panel stress

KAMMAN GROUP Stand, Messe Essen

TOWER OVERTURNING CHECK

Case 1:
Wind is loading the largest (backside) panel. Rotation is around the hypotenuse of triangle.
Vertical loads:

Horizontal loads:
1. Wind load 0,125 KN/m2

Plywood
Walls.......... 0,0474 KN/m2
1. Backside: Area = 3.12 m2

Area: 3.12 m2
Fw = 0,387KN

2. Front sides: Area= 2 x 1.05m


F1 = 0,0474x3.12 = 0.148 KN

Distance from rotation point:


H = 1,75 m

F2 = 2 x 0,0474 x 1.05 =0.1 KN


The brunts distances from turning point 2:
L1 = 0,44 m
L2 = 0,75 m

M h = 0.39 x 1.75 = 0,677 KNm

Mv = 0.148 x 0.44 + 0,1 x 0,75 = 0,14 KNm


Mv MH
For stabilizing of overturning of wall it must be added aditional vertical weight on wall bottom.
Moment of additional vertical weight must be: M h - Mv = 0.677 0.14 = 0.537 KNm
Moment arm is 0,57m. Thus, total additional vertical load must be at least 0.94 KN.

As turning point it will be supposed point distanced 0,894m from axis A and axis 4 crossing (end of floor beam)

KAMMAN GROUP Stand, Messe Essen

Case 2
Wind is loading the largest (backside) panel. Rotation is around one of triangles sides.
Vertical loads:

Horizontal loads:
2. Wind load 0,125 KN/m2

Plywood
Walls.......... 0,0474 KN/m2

Area: 3.12 m2

3. Backside: Area = 3.12 m2

Fw = 0,387KN

4. Front sides: Area= 2 x 1.05m2

Fws = 0.387 cos 45 = 0.274 KN

F1 = 0,0474x3.12 = 0.148 KN

Distance from rotation point:

F2 = 0,0474 x 1.05 =0.05 KN

H = 1,75 m
3

The brunts distances from turning line :


L1 = 0,3 m
L2 = 0,3 m
Mv = 0.148 x 0.3 + 0,05 x 0,3 = 0,0594 KNm

M h = 0.274 x 1.75 = 0,479 KNm

Mv MH
For stabilizing of overturning of wall it must be added aditional vertical weight on wall bottom.
Moment of additional vertical weight must be: M h - Mv = 0.479 0.06 = 0.419 KNm
Moment arm is 0,3m. Thus, total additional vertical load must be at least 1.39 KN.
ON BOTTOM OF TRIANGLE TOWER TO ADD STEEL PLATE ( 550 x 550 x 60 mm)4
AS HORIZONTAL LOAD COUNTERWEIGHT!

3
4

As turning point it will be supposed axis A


Steel plate to cut on diagonal to get 2 triangles for counterweight.

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KAMMAN GROUP Stand, Messe Essen

1.4.1

STRUCTURAL DIMENSIONING

The most loaded beam:

TIMBER STRUCTURE CALCULATIONS


---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------CODE: EN 1995-1:2004/A1:2008
ANALYSIS TYPE: Member Verification
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------CODE GROUP:
MEMBER: 14 Timber Beam_14 POINT: 1
COORDINATE: x = 0.00 L = 0.00 m
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------LOADS:
Governing Load Case: 2 WIND2
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------MATERIAL D70
gM = 1.30
f m,0,k = 70.00 MPa
f t,0,k = 42.00 MPa
f c,0,k = 34.00 MPa
f v,k = 5.00 MPa
f t,90,k = 0.60 MPa
f c,90,k = 13.50 MPa
E 0,moyen = 20000.00 MPa
E 0,05 = 16800.00 MPa
G moyen = 1250.00 MPa Service class: 1
Beta c = 1.00
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION PARAMETERS: 80x80
ht=8.0 cm
bf=8.0 cm
Ay=32.00 cm2
Az=32.00 cm2
Ax=64.00 cm2
tw=4.0 cm
Iy=341.33 cm4
Iz=341.33 cm4
Ix=505.2 cm4
tf=4.0 cm
Wely=85.33 cm3
Welz=85.33 cm3
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------STRESSES
ALLOWABLE STRESSES
Sig_c,0,d = N/Ax = 0.01/64.00 = 0.00 MPa
f c,0,d = 15.69 MPa
Sig_m,y,d = MY/Wy= 0.00/85.33 = 0.03 MPa
f m,y,d = 32.31 MPa
Sig_m,z,d = MZ/Wz= 0.08/85.33 = 0.89 MPa
f m,z,d = 32.31 MPa
Tau y,d = 1.5*-0.04/64.00 = -0.01 MPa
f v,d = 2.31 MPa
Tau z,d = 1.5*0.00/64.00 = 0.00 MPa
Tau tory,d = 0.01 MPa, Tau torz,d = 0.01 MPa
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Factors and additional parameters
km = 0.70
kh = 1.00
kmod = 0.60
Ksys = 1.00
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------LATERAL BUCKLING PARAMETERS:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------BUCKLING PARAMETERS:
About Y axis:
About Z axis:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------VERIFICATION FORMULAS:
(Sig_c,0,d/f c,0,d)^2 + km*Sig_m,y,d/f m,y,d + Sig_m,z,d/f m,z,d = 0.03 < 1.00 (6.20)
(Tau y,d+Tau tory,d/kshape)/f v,d = 0.01 < 1.00
(Tau z,d+Tau torz,d/kshape)/f v,d = 0.01 < 1.00 (6.13-4)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------LIMIT DISPLACEMENTS
Deflections
u fin,y = 0.0 cm < u fin,max,y = L/200.00 = 1.5 cm
Governing load case: WIND2
u fin,z = 0.0 cm < u fin,max,z = L/200.00 = 1.5 cm
Governing load case: DL1

Verified
Verified

Displacements
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Section OK !!!

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KAMMAN GROUP Stand, Messe Essen

Tower columns

STEEL DESIGN
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------CODE: EN 1993-1:2005/AC:2009, Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures.
ANALYSIS TYPE: Member Verification
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------CODE GROUP:
MEMBER: 31 Column_31
POINT: 1
COORDINATE: x = 0.00 L = 0.00 m
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------LOADS:
Governing Load Case: 3 Comb.1 1*1.35+2*1.50
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------MATERIAL:
STEEL
fy = 235.00 MPa
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION PARAMETERS: Kamman 30mm
h=3.0 cm
gM0=1.00
gM1=1.00
b=3.0 cm
Ay=1.80 cm2
Az=1.44 cm2
Ax=3.24 cm2
tw=0.3 cm
Iy=3.99 cm4
Iz=3.99 cm4
Ix=6.72 cm4
tf=0.3 cm
Wply=3.29 cm3
Wplz=3.29 cm3
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------INTERNAL FORCES AND CAPACITIES:
N,Ed = 0.25 kN
My,Ed = -0.02 kN*m
Mz,Ed = 0.01 kN*m
Vy,Ed = -0.10 kN
Nc,Rd = 76.14 kN
My,pl,Rd = 0.77 kN*m
Mz,pl,Rd = 0.77 kN*m
Vy,T,Rd = 21.99 kN
Nb,Rd = 70.84 kN
My,c,Rd = 0.77 kN*m
Mz,c,Rd = 0.77 kN*m
Vz,Ed = 0.06 kN
MN,y,Rd = 0.77 kN*m
MN,z,Rd = 0.77 kN*m
Vz,T,Rd = 17.59 kN
Tt,Ed = -0.06 kN*m
Class of section = 1
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------LATERAL BUCKLING PARAMETERS:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------BUCKLING PARAMETERS:
About y axis:
About z axis:
Ly = 0.50 m
Lam_y = 0.48
Lz = 0.50 m
Lam_z = 0.48
Lcr,y = 0.50 m
Xy = 0.93
Lcr,z = 0.50 m
Xz = 0.93
Lamy = 45.08
kyy = 0.71
Lamz = 45.08
kyz = 0.50
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------VERIFICATION FORMULAS:
Section strength check:
N,Ed/Nc,Rd = 0.00 < 1.00 (6.2.4.(1))
(My,Ed/MN,y,Rd)^ 1.66 + (Mz,Ed/MN,z,Rd)^1.66 = 0.00 < 1.00 (6.2.9.1.(6))
Vy,Ed/Vy,T,Rd = 0.00 < 1.00 (6.2.6-7)
Vz,Ed/Vz,T,Rd = 0.00 < 1.00 (6.2.6-7)
Tau,ty,Ed/(fy/(sqrt(3)*gM0)) = 0.10 < 1.00 (6.2.6)
Tau,tz,Ed/(fy/(sqrt(3)*gM0)) = 0.10 < 1.00 (6.2.6)
Global stability check of member:
Lambda,y = 45.08 < Lambda,max = 210.00
Lambda,z = 45.08 < Lambda,max = 210.00 STABLE
N,Ed/(Xy*N,Rk/gM1) + kyy*My,Ed/(XLT*My,Rk/gM1) + kyz*Mz,Ed/(Mz,Rk/gM1) = 0.03 < 1.00 (6.3.3.(4))
N,Ed/(Xz*N,Rk/gM1) + kzy*My,Ed/(XLT*My,Rk/gM1) + kzz*Mz,Ed/(Mz,Rk/gM1) = 0.03 < 1.00 (6.3.3.(4))
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------LIMIT DISPLACEMENTS
Deflections Not analyzed
Displacements
vx = 0.0 cm < vx max = L/150.00 = 0.3 cm
Verified
Governing Load Case: 2 WIND2
vy = 0.0 cm < vy max = L/150.00 = 0.3 cm
Verified
Governing Load Case: 1 DL1
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Section OK !!!
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KAMMAN GROUP Stand, Messe Essen

2.

DRAWINGS
No

DRAWING NAME

SCALE

STAND KAMMAN Drawing 1

1:50

STAND KAMMAN - Drawing 2

1:50

13

1 : 50

PLYWOOD QUANTITY

WALL W1
2500 x 1250 ........... 6 pcs
2000 x 1200 ........... 2 pcs
2000 x 1100 ........... 2 pcs
2000 x 950 ............. 2 pcs
WALL W3
2500 x 1000 ........... 3 pcs

WALL W2
2500 x 1040 ........... 2 pcs
2500 x 1000 ........... 2 pcs
2000 x 950 ............. 2 pcs
WALL W4
2500 x 200 ............. 2 pcs
2500 x 1000 ........... 2 pcs

TIMBER QUANTITY

Section A - A

W4

WALL W1
COLUMNS L=2.5m... 7 pcs
BEAMS L=7m........... 2 pcs

WALL W2
COLUMNS L=2.5m... 3 pcs
BEAMS L=3m........... 2 pcs

WALL W3
COLUMNS L=2.5m... 3 pcs
BEAMS L=1m.............3 pcs

WALL W4
COLUMNS L=3m..... 3 pcs
COLUMNS L=1m..... 1 pcs
BEAMS L=3m........... 2 pcs

TRIANGLE POLE QUANTITY


WALLS PLYWOOD
3500 x 897 ............ 1 pcs
3500 x 600 ............. 3 pcs

STEEL SQUARE PIPE


30x30x1.8mm
COLUMN L=3.5m...... 4 pcs
FLOOR BEAM L=1m.. 1 pcs

Section B - B

1 : 50
1 : 20