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Linear Inequation in One Variable.

http://www.mpkeshari.com/2011/01/10/linear-inequation-in-one-variable/ Posted by M P Keshari on 10 January, 2011 No comments yet This item was filled under [ ICSE ] ICSE Mathematics Important Q.A. Linear Inequation in One Unknown. Q.1. Solve the following inequation and graph the solution on the number line. 8/3 x + 1/3 < 10/3; x R. Solution : The given inequation has two parts : 8/3 x + 1/3 and x + 1/3 < 10/3 Or, 8/3 1/3 x and x < 10/3 1/3 Or, 9/3 x and x < 9/3 Or, Or, 3 x and x < 3 3 < 3. [Ans.]

The required graph is : Fig. Q.2. Find the range of values of x, which satisfy the inequation 1/5 3x/10 + 1 < 2/5, x R. Graph the solution set on the number line. Solution : Here we have, 1/5 3x/10 + 1 < 2/5 . Multiplying throughout by LCM of 5, 10, 5 i.e. 10 we get ,

2 3x + 10 < 4 Adding 10 to both sides , we get 2 10 3x + 10 + ( 10) < 4 + ( 10) 12 3x < 6 4 x < 2 [dividing throughout by 3]

Hence, the solution set is {x: x R, 4 x < 2 }.[Ans.] Here, 4 is included and 2 is not included. Q.3. Solve the following inequation, and graph the solution on the number line : 2x 5 5x + 4 < 11 , x R. Solution : Here we have, 2x 5 5x + 4 < 11 i.e. or, or, or, Hence, 2x 5 5x + 4 and 5x + 4 < 11 2x 5 + ( 5x + 5) 5x + ( 5x + 5) and 5x + 4 + ( 4 ) < 11 + ( 4 ) 0 3x 9 and 5x < 7 x 3 and x < 7/5 or, 0 3 x and x < 7/5

3 x < 7/5, x R.

Therefore, solution set is {x : x R, 3 x < 7/5}. [Ans.] Q.4. Solve the following inequation and graph the solution set on the number line : 2x 3 < x + 2 3x + 5, x R. Solution : Here we have, 2x 3 < x + 2 3x + 5, x R. 2x 3 < x + 2 and x + 2 3x + 5 x + 3) < x + 2 + (x + 3) and x + 2 + ( 3x 2 ) 3x + 5 + ( 3x 2) or, x < 5 and 2x 3 or, x < 5 and x 3/2 or, 2x 3 + (

or, x < 5 and 3/2 x or,

or, 3/2 x and x < 5

3/2 x < 5 but x R.

therefore , the solution set = {x : x R, 3/2 x < 5}. [Ans.] Q.5. Given that x R, solve the following inequality and graph the solution on the number line : 1 3 + 4x 23. Solution : The equation has two parts 1 3 + 4x Or, Or, Or, and 3 + 4x 23 and and and 4x 23 3 4x 20 x5

1 3 4x 4 4x 1x

Therefore, solution set = { x : 1 x 5, x R } [Ans.] Fig. Q.6. Given that x I, solve the inequation and graph the solution on the number line: 3 (x 4)/2 + x/3 2. Solution : 3 (x 4)/2 + x/3 2 Or, Or, Or, Or, Or, Or, 3 (3x 12 + 2x)/6 2 3 (5x 12)/6 2 18 5x 12 12 30 5x 24 6 x 24/5 6 x 4.8 [Ans.]

Fig. Q.7. Solve : 2 2x 3 5, x R and mark it on a number line. Solution : We have, 2 2x 3 5, x R. Or, Or, Or, Or, Or, Fig. Q.8. Find the value of x which satisfies the inequation : 2 1/2 2x/3 11/6, x N. Solution : We have, 2 1/2 2x/3 11/6, x N. Or, Or, Or, Or, Or, 2 1/2 1/2 2x/3 1/2 11/6 1/2 5/2 2x/3 8/6 15 4x 8 8 4x 15 2 x 15/4 2 + 3 2x 5 + 3 5 2x 8 5/2 x 8/2 5/2 x 4 x {2.5 x 4} [Ans.]

But, x N, hence possible values of x are 1, 2, 3. [Ans.] Q.9. Solve the inequation : 3 3 2x < 9, x R. Represent your solution on a number line. Solution : Do yourself. [Ans. = {x : 3 < x 3, x R}] Q.10. Solve the inequation :

12 + 1 5/6 x 5 + 3x, x R. Represent the solution on a number line. Solution : Do yourself. [Solution set = {x : x 6 x R}]