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312/2 GEOGRAPHY PAPER 2 June 2013 2 % hours BUNYORE - MARANDA JOINT PRE-MOCK EXAMINAITOSN 2013 The Kenya Certificate

of Secondary Education GEOGRAPHY Paper 2 2 % hours

312/2 - Geography Paper 2


June 2013

Instructions to candidates
(a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) This paper contains two sections: A and B. Answer all the questions in section A. Answer question 6 and any other two questions from section B. All answers must be written in the answer booklet provided This paper consists of 6 printed pages Candidates should check the question paper to ascertain that all the pages are printed as indicated and that no questions are missing.

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SECTION A Answer all the questions in this section 1. a) List two physical conditions necessary for growing sugar cane. (2 marks) b) State three problems facing sugar cane farmers in Kenya. (3 marks) a) Differentiate between land reclamation and land rehabilitation. (2 marks) b) State three methods used to rehabilitate land in Kenya. (3 marks) a) Name two species of softwood trees in Canada. (2 marks) b) State three factors that have encouraged the growth of softwood forests in Kenya. (3 marks) (a) The table below shows the population of a certain county in Kenya. Use it to Total Population Children Old People 187,283 102,352 25,162

2,
3.

4.

Calculate: (i) The working population. (2 marks) (ii) The dependency ratio. (2 marks) (b) Give two implications of a young population (2 marks) (a) Name two modes of transport commonly used in Kenya (2 marks) (b) State two reasons for the increased use of mobile phones as a means of communication. (2 marks)

SECTION B Answer question 6 and any other two questions from this section.
The photograph below show a lake port in East Africa. Study it and use it answer questions (a) and (b)

(a) (i) Identify the type of photograph shown above.

(1 mark)

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Draw a rectangle measuring 14cm by 9cm to represent the area covered by the photograph. On the rectangle, sketch and label three main features on the photograph. (4 marks) (iii) Citing evidence from the photograph, state two other functions of the town other than being a lake port. (4 marks) (b) Explain three factors have influenced the growth and development of Kisumu. (6 marks) (c) (i) Give three possible solutions to problems facing urban centres in East Africa. (6 marks) (ii) Give two differences between the ports of Mombasa and Rotterdam. (4 marks) 7. (a) (i) State two factors which influence methods of fishing. (2 marks) (ii) Name two traditional methods of fishing used in Kenya. (2 marks) (b) (i) State three problems facing fresh water fisheries in Kenya. (3 marks) (ii) Outline three ways of conserving marine fisheries in Kenya (3 marks) (c) The map below show the major fishing grounds of the world. Use it to answer questions (i) (ii) and (iii)

(ii)

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

Name the following: Fishing ground marked p (1 mark) Ocean current marked R (1 mark) Ocean marked S (1 mark) Briefly explain how the following factors influence fishing in the major fishing grounds in the map. (2 marks) Ocean currents (2 marks) xc ne of the rnarkec (8 marks) worlds leading Asking al o> (a) (i) Define the following terms (1 mark) Wildlife (1 mark) Eco-tourism (1 mark). Game sanctuary
i c>i:j i. ^ ^ ...

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(ii) State three physical factors that have influenced the distribution of wildlife in East Africa. (3 marks) (b) Explain four ways through which the government of Kenya is conserving wildlife. (8 marks) (c) (i) Name two tourist attractions at the Kenyan coast. (2 marks) (ii) State two efforts being made by the government of Kenya to encourage domestic tourism. (3 marks) 9. (a) (i) Differentiate between renewable and non-renewable sources of energy. (2 marks) (ii) State two advantages of importing petroleum in crude form (2 marks) (i) Name two areas in Kenya where geothermal power can be harnessed.(2 marks) (b) (ii) State three reasons why geothermal energy is less developed in Kenya. (3 marks) (c) (i) Explain three factors that favored the establishment of the Seven Forks HEP project on River Tana. (6 marks) (ii) Name two existing hydro-electric power projects in Kenya apart from the Seven Forks scheme (2 marks) Explain three measures of managing energy sources in Kenya. (6 marks) (d) (e) State two impacts of energy crisis on developing countries. (2 marks) 10. (a) (i) Define the term mining. (2 marks) (ii) State two reasons why mining is described as a robber industry. (2 marks) (b) The diagram below shows a method used in exploitation of a particular mineral. Study it and answer the following questions.

(i)
(ii) (iii)

(c)
(ii)
(d)

(i) (ii)

Name the method of mining shown in the diagram. (1 mark) Identify the parts labeled X, Y and Z (3 marks) Name two minerals that are exploited by the method identified in (a) above. (2 marks) (i) Name two major petroleum producing countries in the Middle East. (2 marks) Explain four significance of petroleum mining in the Middle East. (8 marks) Assume that the class was to carry out a field study on trona mining in Lake Magadi. State two objectives for the study. (2 marks) State three advantages of using content analysis as a method of data collection for the study. (3 marks)

THIS IS THE LAST PRINTED PAGE.

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