This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Canvas is a kind of heavy, plain woven fabric, usually made from cotton or linen. It is used to make sails, tents and other items that need to be made from strong fabric. Artists like to stretch some canvas over a frame and use it to paint on. A piece of canvas prepared like this is also called a canvas, like the one in the picture. 2. CORDUROY
Corduroy is a type of fabric that has stripes on one side alternating between flat and slightly fluffy, which gives a ribbed effect. Medium weight cotton fabric with length wise nap like cords produced by cutting of pile filling yarns
Corduroy is quite thick and is often used to make trousers and jackets. also called plaid and sometimes called checked. Felt is often made from wool or hairs from an animal like a rabbit or beaver. GINGHAM Gingham is a kind of woven fabric pattern. LACE . 4. 3. Felt is made by rubbing wet fibres until they stick together in a thin. 5. FELT Felt is a fabric that predates weaving and knitting. but it is not the same as a checkerboard pattern. matted layer.
6. SILK . Lace usually has flower shapes in it.Lace is a kind of fabric that is made up of loops and holes. 7. LINEN Linen is a fabric woven from fibers of the flax plant. and is very pretty. Linen was once used to make so many household items that things like sheets and towels are still collectively called linen. It is often found on the edges of dresses.
9. 8. The fabric itself has a natural shine to it because of the way light passes through the silk fibres. SWATCH . slightly fluffy inside is shown instead. SUEDE Suede is a fabric made from leather. Leather can be made into suede by removing a thin layer from the surface of the leather.Silk is a fabric made from the cocoons of the silkworm. but instead of presenting the smooth skin side of the leather the soft. Silk has been a highly prized fabric for thousands of years.
11. you can buy a larger quantity of it.A swatch is a small piece of something. TWEED . When you have decided which swatch you like. TARTAN Tartan is a fabric pattern made by weaving different colours together in stripes in both directions. and there can be lots of different colours. In Scotland. different families had their own unique tartan pattern. 10. unlike gingham which is made from two colours with equal width stripes. usually so you can check the color of the swatches against colors in your house. The stripes can be different widths. Swatches usually relate tofabrics.
and has a distinctive herringbone or check pattern in it. Velvet has a pile and the sheen will change if you stroke it in different directions. It is usually quite thick and warm. The best velvet is made from silk. rich feel. Tweed is usually made in fairly dull colors like grey or brown. 12. but it can also be made from cotton or artificial fibres like nylon or polyester. BROCADE . and is seen as a very old-fashioned fabric. VELVET Velvet is a type of fabric that is smooth on one side and tufted on the other side. 13. The tufts are fine and even and give velvet a very soft. Velvet can be made from anything .velvet is simply the name for the weave.Tweed is a rough woolen fabric.
The purpose of this is to give the appearance that the weave actually was embroidered on.Brocade is a class of richly decorative shuttle-woven fabrics. often made in colored silks and with or without gold and silver threads. that is. weft in addition to the standard weft that holds the warp threads together. the ornamental brocading is produced by a supplementary. ACETATE . Brocade fabrics are used in modern times mostly for upholstery and draperies. They are also used for evening and formal clothing. It is a supplementary weft technique. nonstructural. 14. Brocade is typically woven on a draw loom. as well as costumes.
which is a by-product of the logging industry. CHIFFON . The cellulose that is used to make acetate fabric is most often sourced from wood pulp. Wood pulp is a renewable resource and acetate fabric is viewed as an environmentally conscious choice. 15.Acetate is a synthetic fiber that is produced from plant matter known as cellulose. Fabric made from acetate is available in a wide range of colors. from dark to neon colors.
meaning "milk and sugar". After sewing. probably from the resemblance of its smooth and rough stripes to the smooth texture of milk and the bumpy texture of sugar. When sewing chiffon. with the rough surface of the tissue holding the chiffon in place while it is handled. which originates from the words "kheer aur shakkar". SEERSUCKER Seersucker is a thin. SWISS CLOTH . used to make clothing for spring and summer wear. giving the fabric a wrinkled appearance in places. commonly striped or chequered. and robes. all-cotton fabric. taking care not to run it through a sewing machine too quickly or it will bunch and gather. as it will spring back. concealing pin marks.Chiffon is made from cotton. shirts. especially as an overlay. Under a magnifying glass it resembles a fine net or mesh which gives chiffon some see-through properties. 16. but chiffon made from polyester can be difficult to dye. This feature causes the fabric to be mostly held away from the skin when worn. for giving an elegant and floating appearance to the gown. puckered. It also means that pressing is not necessary. facilitating heat dissipation and air circulation. silk or synthetic fibres. The word came into English from Hindustani (Urdu and Hindi). Common items of clothing made from seersucker include suits. 17. Chiffon is most commonly used in evening wear. shorts. The tissue paper helps keep the fabric together. the tissue paper can be carefully ripped out. sewers should work slowly and steadily with this fabric. As a general rule. Seersucker is woven in such a way that some threads bunch together. Chiffon is also pinnable. many crafters layer tissue paper in between the two pieces being sewn together. Chiffon can be dyed to almost any shade.
Switzerland. CHEVIOT . wedding dresses  and curtains. and is used for baby clothes. is a sheer cotton fabric that is embellished with small dots. from open to extra-fine weave. The dots can be applied in a number of different ways and colors. Cheesecloth is available in at least seven different grades. In intaglio a heavily starched cheesecloth called tarlatan is used for wiping away excess ink from the printing surface. which emerged as a textile center in the 15th century 18. 19. Cheesecloth can also be used for several printmaking processes including lithography for wiping up gum arabic. The design is said to have originated around 1750 in St. also known as Swiss Dot. Gallen.Dotted Swiss. CHEESE CLOTH Cheesecloth is a loose-woven gauze-like cotton cloth used primarily in cheese making and cooking. Grades are distinguished by the number of threads per inch in each direction.
Tencel is made from wood pulp that is harvested from replenished tree farms. GORE-TEX . and pliable. and dyes that may or may not be environmentally sound. 21. soft. 20. although some manufacturers may use chemical processes. Cheviot fabric has a crispness of texture similar to serge but is slightly rougher and heavier. woollen fabric made originally from the wool of Cheviot sheep and now also made from other types of wool or from blends of wool and man-made fibres in plain or various twill weaves. So it's environmentally sensitive and it's washable! Fabricated using a closed-loop process that doesn’t require bleach. since the fibre is fine.cheviot. enzyme baths. Cheviot wool possesses good spinning qualities. TENCEL A trademark for a high performance fiber used to make soft. beautifully draping rayon fabrics.
and a registered trademark of W. to eliminate leaks. BATISTE Batiste is the softest of the lightweight opaque fabrics. L. 23. Batiste was often used as a lining fabric for high-quality garments. Gore requires that all garments made from their material have taping over the seams.Gore-Tex is a waterproof/breathable fabric. or a blend. It is made of cotton. but has ability to stretch and is not waterproof. is similar to Gore-Tex in being windproof and breathable. wool. CASEMENT CLOTH . Batiste is also used for handkerchiefs (cotton batiste) and lingerie (batiste de soie). Batiste is a balanced plain weave. 22. Gore's sister product. Gore and Associates. Windstopper. a fine cloth made from cotton or linen such as cambric. polyester.
soft and full handling Uses: casement curtains and also made into summer dresses 24. A plain woven cotton fabric. bandage 25. TULLE . GAUZE Cloths in which certain ends cross from one side of adjacent ends Uses: sheers.
silky net like fabric Uses: wedding veils. slightly stiff. trimmings 27. trimmings 26. party gowns. ORGANDY . ORGANZA Light weight plain weave with fine spun yarns and stiff finish made with silk and man made filament fibre Uses: dressings. Very fine.
aprons. MUSLIN . VOILE A plain woven open fabric made from hard twisted warp and weft yarn. Uses: dresses. Light weight. blouses. curtains 28. It is made in both worsted and cotton yarns which very extremely in thickness in different mix. plain weave cotton type open construction fabric with fine spun yarns and stiff finish Uses: blouses. and decoratives 29.
fillings yarns with smooth surface. aprons 30. open plain woven fabric made of cotton yarns. OXFORD Light weight. Uses: shirts . soft. fine. 2X1 basket weave repeats. Soft. with small. Most common are cotton muslin Uses: summer dresses. Fine warp and coarse. cotton like fabric.
31. but generally the warp is yarn dyed and crossed with white weft Uses: jeans. 32. DENIM A strong warp faced cotton cloth largely made in 3X1 twill weave. skirt. The cloth is sometimes piece dyed. which produces a fine steep twill effects on account of the predominance of the warp over the weft. jackets 33. GABARDINE A warp faced cloth mostly woven in 2X2 twill. POPLIN .
A plain woven warp rib fabric with the fine warp and thick weft. blouses. Originally made with silk in both warp and weft. TAFFETA Originally a plain closely woven silk fabric made with thicker weft than warp and said so as to produce a fine warp rib structure Uses: used for dress fabrics and linings and curtains 35. dresses 34. Uses: raincoats. but poplin is now applied to fine warp rib cloths whether made of cotton. FLANNEL .
TERRY CLOTH . coats. 37. BEDFORD CORD Heavy cotton type fabric with prominent length wise raised cords on the face. dresses skirts. the weft is much thicker than the warp Uses: mainly used for dress fabrics and linings. suits. commonly used for slacks upholstery. bed linen 36. Plain or twill woven cloth with a very soft handle Uses: blazers.
upholstery 39. VELVETEEN Medium weight cotton type fabric with cut pile surface that lies flat Uses: dresses. robes. Medium weight soft cotton type with low twist yarns forming surface loops Uses: towels. CREPE . beach robes 38.
closely woven warp yarns. chemicals or weaves. BUCKRAM . Uses: apparel. Highly lustrous. SATIN Medium weight fabric with filament yarns. rougher back Uses: fancy dresses. Satin weave with fine. and home furnishing 40. ties 41. Fabric with a pebbly or crinkled surface obtained by using crepe yarns. smooth face.
dresses. interlining and book binding 42. plain weave. cotton like fabric Uses: apparel interfacing. small print design on constructing background Uses: blouses. 43. CHAMBRAY . plain weave. cotton type fabric. usually with bright. CALICO Light weight. open construction stiff. Light weight.
Lightweight. coarse. LAWN Light weight. cotton type fabric. flat. MADRAS . plain weave cotton type fabric usually with colored warp and white filling yarns Uses: shirts 44. dress etc 45. Uses: blouse. slightly stiff.
such as cotton. but matt-textured rather than glossy. CHARMEUSE . soft material similar to Norwich crape. and more pliable. resulting in ever changing shades. in about 1832. and based on French silk patterns. Lightweight usually plain weave. or from man-made fabrics such as rayon. carded. which can also be made from a single fibre. Uses: shirts. The term is derived from an Anglo-Indian word. Challis could be made with woven designs. frequently made with a plaid design. silk or wool. Made so that colors bleed when fabric is washed. CHALLIS Challis is a lightweight woven fabric. It was first manufactured in Norwich. 'French challis' has a glossy finish. England. or printed. shallee. originally a silk-and-wool blend. or geometric. paisley. dresses etc 46. which means 'soft' 47. The designs were often floral. when it was designed as a thin.
Silk charmeuse is more expensive and delicate but is softer and a better insulator. or synthetic fibres. 48. Damask weaves appear most commonly in table linens and furnishing fabrics. cotton. It can be made of silk or a synthetic lookalike such as polyester. but also in clothing. The front side of the fabric has a satin finish—lustrous and reflective—whereas the back has a dull finish. handkerchiefs. usually with the pattern in warp-faced satin weave and the ground in weft-faced or sateen weave. Damasks are woven with one warp yarn and one weft yarn. ties. DAMASK Damask is a reversible figured fabric of silk. . Its uses in menswear include the lining of jackets and slacks. wool.Charmeuse is a lightweight fabric woven with a satin weave. linen. where the warp threads cross over three or more of the backing (weft) threads. and underwear such as charmeuse boxer shorts. with a pattern formed by weaving.
its various types of usage makes it an inevitable fabric of both the industry. a mesh is often defined as a loosely woven or knitted fabric that has a large number of closely spaced holes. frequently used for modern sports jerseys and other clothing. The soft material is largely used for upholstery and furniture purposes. and is also much employed in dress and millinery.49. Originally the pile of plush consisted of mohair or worsted yarn. with small stuffed animals . Available in both Polyester and Nylon. PLUSH Plush (from French peluche) is a textile having a cut nap or pile the same as fustian or velvet. 50. the distinction from velvet being found in the longer and less dense pile of plush. MESH In clothing. but now silk by itself or with a cotton backing is used for plush. This is one of the most utilized fabrics all across the Shoe Industry and Garment Industry for various types’ interlinings. One of the largest uses of this fabric is in the production of stuffed toys. Modern plush are commonly manufactured from synthetic fibres such as polyester.
such as teddy bears. Plush is also one of the main materials for the construction of designer toys.made from plush fabric. .
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.