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Air compressor

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Air compressor supplies air into anail gun

An air compressor is a device that converts power (usually from an electric motor, a diesel engine or a gasoline engine) into kinetic energy by compressing and pressurizing air, which, on command, can be released in quick bursts. There are numerous methods of air compression, divided into either positive-displacement or negative-displacement types.[1][2]
Contents
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1 Types of air compressor

o o o o o o o

1.1 According to the design and principle of operation 1.2 According to the number of stages 1.3 According to the pressure limits 1.4 According to the capacity 1.5 According to the method of cooling 1.6 Positive displacement 1.7 Negative displacement

2 Applications 3 See also 4 References

Types of air compressor[edit source | editbeta]


According to the design and principle of operation[edit source | editbeta]
1. 2. 3. Reciprocating compressor Rotary screw compressor Turbo compressor

According to the number of stages[edit source | editbeta]


1. 2. 3. Single stage compressor Two stage compressor Multi stage compressor

According to the pressure limits[edit source | editbeta]


1. 2. 3. 4. Low pressure compressors Medium pressure compressors High pressure compressors Super high pressure compressors

According to the capacity[edit source | editbeta]


1. 2. 3. Low capacity compressors Medium capacity compressors High capacity compressors

According to the method of cooling[edit source | editbeta]


1. 2. Air cooled compressor Water cooled compressor

Positive displacement[edit source | editbeta]


Positive-displacement air compressors work by forcing air into a chamber whose volume is reduced to compress the air. Piston-type air compressors use this principle by pumping air into an air chamber through the use of the constant motion of pistons. They use one-way valves to guide air into a chamber, where the air is compressed.[1] Rotary screw compressors also use positive-displacement compression by matching two helical screws that, when turned, guide air into a chamber, whose volume is reduced as the screws turn. Vane compressors use a slotted rotor with varied blade placement to guide air into a chamber and compress the volume.

Negative displacement[edit source | editbeta]


Negative-displacement air compressors include centrifugal compressors. These use centrifugal force generated by a spinning impeller to accelerate and then decelerate captured air, which pressurizes it.[1]

Applications[edit source | editbeta]

Portable air compressor for powering tools, such as jackhammers

To supply high-pressure clean air to fill gas cylinders To supply moderate-pressure clean air to a submerged surface supplied diver

To supply moderate-pressure clean air for driving some office and school building pneumatic HVAC control system valves

To supply a large amount of moderate-pressure air to power pneumatic tools, such as jackhammers

For filling tires To produce large volumes of moderate-pressure air for large-scale industrial processes (such as oxidation for petroleum coking or cement plant bag house purge systems).

Most air compressors either are reciprocating piston type, rotary vane or rotary screw. Centrifugal compressors are common in very large applications. There are two main types of air compressor's pumps: oil-lubed and oilless. The oil-less system has more technical development, but is more expensive, louder and lasts for less time than oil-lubed pumps. The oil-less system also delivers air of better quality.

See also[edit source | editbeta]



Compressed air Free-piston engine Gas compressor

Pneumatics Silent air compressor

References[edit source | editbeta]


1. ^
a b c

Klenck, Thomas. "How it Works: Air Compressor". Popular

Mechanics. Retrieved 30 July 2010. 2. ^ Compressor types: rotary screw, reciprocating, and vane compressors

Categories:

Compressors Gases Diving support equipment Underwater work

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This page was last modified on 21 August 2013 at 10:08.

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