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O

The letter o stands for the /o/ sound as in octopus. You have to open your mouth wide to say it, just like when you visit the doctor. Heres the doctor, open your mouth for a long time to say /ooooooooooooo/. Recalling this image will help us remember that the letter o stands for /o/. Action Script Description of sound. The sound of /o/ in octopus is called short o. It is a vowel sound. The vocal cords vibrate when making the short o sound. The tongue is low in the mouth. How to make sound. Open your mouth and make your lips look a circle. Put your tongue on the bottom of your mouth. Use your voice to say /o/. You should make the sound in the back of your mouth. Place your fingers on your throat. Can your feel the sound? Articulation Variations in languages. In some languages, including Spanish, Hmong, Korean, there is no direct sound transfer for the /o/ sound. English learners

Words for oral practice Initial position Medial position

Octagon Octopus Odd Olive On Onto Otter Ox

Block Box Clock Dock Dot Drop Flock Fox Got

hot knob knot knock lock lot mom mop nod

pop pocket rock rocket rot sock spot stop top

Hop

not

Small group word lists

oi _oy
The sound of /oi/ in boy is called a diphthong. Take a look at the boy on the card Whats his name? Roy. Say /oi/ /oi/ that boy is Roy. Recalling his name will help us to remember that the letters oy stand for /oi/.

Action Script Description of sound. The sound of oy in boy is a called a diphthong. The voice is used to make the oy sound. The sound moves from the middle of the mouth to the front. How to make sound. Push out your lips a little. They should make a round shape. Now, use your voice. Move your tongue from the middle of the back of your mouth toward the front. As you finish the sound, your lips should make a little smile. Articulation Variations in languages. In some languages, including Hmong, there is no direct sound transfer for /oi/. English learners

Words for oral practice

Medial position

Final position

Boil Boy Coil Coin Foil Join Loyal Moist Noise

point royal soil

Annoy Boy Decoy

soybean Destroy spoil voice Enjoy Joy Soil Soy Toy

Small group word lists

e ea
The letter e stands for the /e/ sound as in egg or in the word engine. Pretend you are in a car. The engine will start soon. The grownup turns the key and /e/ /e/ /e/ /e/ engine. The engine starts slowly. This action will help us to remember that the letter e stands for /e/. Action script Description of sound. The sound of /e/ in egg is called short e. it is a vowel sound. The voice is used when making the short e sound. The tongue is in the middle of the mouth and lips are relaxed. How to make sound. Open mouth a little. Start with your tongue in the middle of your mouth. Now, use your voice and just let your jaw move down a bit as you say /e/. Articulation Variation in languages. In some languages, including Spanish, Hmong, Cantonese, Haitian creole, and Korean, there is no direct sound transfer for /e/.

Words for oral practice

Initial position

Medial position

Echo Edge Effort Egg Empty Enter Ever exit

Bed Belt Cent Deaf Dent Desk Fed Fell

leg lend lend let men met neck net

rent rest rest set then ten web went

Get Guess Help

pen pest pet

west wet

Jet red

Small group word lists