Learning Skills

Introduction:
An understanding of basic maths concepts is needed in Nursing to perform Drug calculations or in Education for the Basic Skills Test. You will also have to work them out without a calculator. We have all been taught to add, subtract, multiply and divide. It should be in the back of your mind somewhere. In this handout we are going to look at shortcuts on how to do the calculations rather than the process of doing the calculation

This sheet will teach you to:
Use shortcuts when performing the four basic operations (addition, subtraction, multiplication and division). Use shortcuts when working with decimals and fractions.

Order of adding does not matter. Line up your digits. ie all ones in a column, then all tens etc. If a decimal place then you may need to add a zero to make them line up. Can set up an addition table that is similar to the timetables: http://www.mathsisfun.com/numbers/addition-table.html If numbers are the same you just double. If numbers are close then just double and fix. eg. 5 + 6 – double 5 and then add 1 ie. 5 + 6 = 10+1 = 11 eg. 7 + 9 – middle number is 8 so double 8.

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Learning Skills @ CSU

eg 3412 12 is divisible by 4 Therefore 3412 is divisible by 4 Can just divide by 2 then divide by 2 again. eg 34272 Add the digits up 3+4+2+7+2=18 Which is divisible by 3 Therefore 34272 is divisible by 3. eg 1935 1 + 9 + 3 + 5 = 18 which is divisible by 9 Therefore 1935 is divisible by 9 Can divide by 3 then divide by 3 again. To divide by 10 If zero is the last digit then just drop the zero. Divisible by 9 If the sum of the digits is divisible by 9 then the number is divisible by 9. If last number is non zero then move the decimal place on position to the left. Can divide by 2 then divide by 3. Divisible by 6 Check for divisible by 3 then if it is an even number then also divisible by 6. Divisible by 25 If the last two digits are 00 or 25 or 50 or 75 then the number is divisible by 25. Page 3 of 4 Learning Skills @ CSU . eg 2560 ÷ 10 = 256. eg 58746 ÷ 10 = 5874•6. If the sum of the digits is divisible by 3 then the number is. How do you know if it is divisible by **? Divisible by 3 Add the digits up. Divisible by 10 If the last digit is zero then the number is divisible by 10. then the number is divisible by 4. eg 24 ÷ 3 Ask “What times 3 equals 24?” Can check by multiplying back. Divisible by 4 If the last two digits are divisible by 4. Can divide by 5 and divide by 5 again.4. Divisible by 5 If the last digit is 5 or 0 then the number is divisible by 5. Division Dividing is the opposite of multiplication.