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VI SEM. B.E. (MECHANICAL ENGG.) DEGREE END SEMESTER (MAKE-UP/SUMMER COURSE ) EXAMINATIONS JULY 2009 SUBJECT: HEAT TRANSFER (MEE-306) REVISED CREDIT SYSTEM (10/07/2009)

Time: 3 Hours.

MAX.MARKS: 50

Instructions to Candidates: Answer ANY FIVE FULL questions. Missing data, if any, may be suitably assumed.

1A

A pipe of inside diameter 20 cm and outside diameter 24 cm ( k = 40 W/m C) caries gas at 100C.and exposed to air at 30C. The inside and outside heat transfer coefficients are 40 and 20 W/m2 C respectually. The pipe is covered with a insulation of 5 cm thick whose K = 0.05 W/m C. Determine (a) The heat loss per meter length of the pipe. (b) If it is decided to reduce the heat transfer to 50% of the previous value using a layer of another insulation of (K = 0.028 W/m C), determine the thickness of new insulation. 5 Marks A vertical tube of outside diameter 60 mm and 1.2 m long is exposed to steam at atmospheric pressure. The outer surface of the tube is maintained at a temperature of 50C by circulating cold water through the tube. Calculate the following a) Rate of heat transfer to the coolant b) Rate of condensation of steam. The thermo physical properties of the liquid at the mean temperature are l = 975 kg/m3 l =375 10-6 N sec/ m2 k = 0.67 W/mC. hfg = 2257 kJ/kg 5 Marks Briefly explain the following laws of radiation a) Plancks law b) Kirchoffs law

1B.

2A.

2Marks

2B

Derive an expression for the temperature distribution and heat transfer rate through a fin considering the end of the fin is insulated. 5 Marks A copper wire of 1.2 mm diameter is insulated with plastic. The thickness of plastic is 1.2mm. The insulated wire is exposed to the environment at 30 C. find the current carried by the copper wire without heating any part of plastic above 100C assuming the heat transfer coefficient on the surface of plastic is 10 W/m2K. MEE-306 Page 1 of 3

2C.

K for plastic = 0.3 W/m K K for copper = 300 W/m K Electrical conductivity of copper = 5.1105 /cm. 3A. 3B. Derive an expression for LMTD for a counter flow heat exchanger.

3 Marks 5Marks

A slab of 50 mm thick and thermal conductivity of 60 W/m K is used to heat the surrounding fluid. Heat is generated uniformly throughout the slab at the rate of 40 106 W/m3. The temperature at the left end of the slab is 175 C and on the right end is 125 C. Calculate the following. a) Distribution of the temperature. b) Magnitude and the distance at which maximum temperature occurs. c) Total heat transfer rate from the plate. 5 Marks Hot air at atmospheric pressure and 80C enters an 8 meters long insulated square duct of cross section of 0.2 m 0.2 m that passes through the attic of a house at the rate of 0.15 m3 /sec. The duct is observed to be isothermal at 60 C. Determine the exit temperature of the air and the rate of heat loss from the duct to the attic space. Take the properties of air at mean temperature as = 1.009 kg/m3. K = 0.0297W/mC. = 2.06 10-5 m2/sec Cp = 1.008 kJ/kg C. Use the correlation Nu = 0.023 Re0.8 Pr 0.3. 5 Marks A counter flow heat exchanger is employed to cool 0.55 kg/s (cp = 2.45 kJ/kgC) of oil from 115C to 40C by he use of water. The inlet and outlet temperatures of water are 15C and 75C respectively. The overall heat transfer coefficient is expected to be 1450 W/m 2C. Using the NTU method Calculate the following. a) Mass flow rate of water. b) Effectiveness of the heat exchanger. c) The surface area required. 5 Marks Derive the expression for the radiation heat transfer between two parallel infinite gray surfaces with usual notations. 5 Marks One end of a long rod 35 mm in diameter is inserted into a furnace and the other end projecting in the outside air. After steady state is reached the temperature f the rod is measured at two points 180 mm apart and found to be 180C and 145C. The atmospheric air temperature is 25C. If the heat transfer coefficient is 65 W/m2C, Calculate the thermal conductivity of the rod 3 Marks What is thermal boundary layer and hydrodynamic boundary layer? Discuss. 2 Marks Show by dimensional Analysis for free convective heat transfer Nusselt number is a function of Grashoff number and Prandtl number. 5 Marks MEE-306 Page 2 of 3

4A.

4B.

5A.

5B.

5C

6A.

6B.

The net radiation from the surface of two parallel plates maintained at temperatures T1 and T2 is to be reduced by 99%. Calculate the number of screens to be placed in between the two surfaces to achieve this reduction in heat exchange assuming the emissivity of the screens as 0.05 and that of the surfaces as 0.8. 3 Marks Define thermal diffusivity. Explain its significance. 2 Marks

6C.

MEE-306

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