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Joint

Aviation

Requirements

JAR–TSO

Joint Technical Standard Orders

Joint

Aviation

Requirements

JAR–TSO Joint Technical Standard Orders

Change 3 28 April 1998

Printed and distributed by Westward Digital Limited, 37 Windsor Street, Cheltenham, Glos. GL52 2DG, United Kingdom on behalf of the Joint Aviation Authorities Committee.

The members of the Joint Aviation Authorities Committee are representatives of the Civil Airworthiness Authorities of the countries that have signed the ‘Arrangements Concerning the Development and the Acceptance of Joint Airworthiness Requirements’. A list of these countries is kept by the European Civil Aviation Conference (ECAC), 3 bis Villa Emile Bergerat, 92522 Neuilly-sur-Seine Cedex, France.*

Digital Limited, 37 Windsor Street, Cheltenham, Glos. GL52 2DG, United Kingdom. *These countries are: Slovenia,
Digital Limited, 37 Windsor Street, Cheltenham, Glos. GL52 2DG, United Kingdom.
*These countries are:
Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey & United Kingdom.

Applications for further copies of the Joint Aviation Requirements should be addressed to Westward

Enquiries regarding the contents should be addressed to the JAA Headquarters, Saturnusstraat 8-10, PO Box 3000, 2130 KA HOOFDDORP, The Netherlands.

Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia,

CONTENTS

JAR–TSO

JAR–TSO

JOINT TECHNICAL STANDARD ORDERS

FOREWORD

CHECK LIST OF PAGES

PREAMBLES

SUBPART A – GENERAL

SUBPART B – LIST OF JTSOs (INDEX 1 and INDEX 2)

INDEX 1 & 2 – COPY OF EACH JTSO

JAR–TSO

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

FOREWORD

JAR–TSO

1

GENERAL

1.1

The Civil Aviation Authorities of certain European countries have agreed common comprehensive and detailed aviation requirements (referred to as the Joint Aviation Requirements (JAR)) with a view to minimising Type Certification problems on joint ventures and also to facilitate the export and import of aviation products.

1.2

The JAR are recognised by the Civil Aviation Authorities of participating countries as an acceptable basis for showing compliance with their national airworthiness codes.

2

STATUS OF JAR–TSO

2.1

This JAR–TSO contains the agreed common comprehensive and detailed aviation requirements for one method of obtaining approval of materials, parts, processes and appliances (hereinafter referred to as 'articles') used on civil aircraft. This method of approval is by obtaining a Joint Technical Standard Order Authorisation by showing compliance with the requirements of

JAR–21.

 

3

BASIC CODE

3.1

An existing aviation code (Sub-part 0 of FAR Part 21 of the Federal Aviation Regulations of the United States of America) has been selected to form the basis of Subpart A of this JAR–TSO.

4

APPLICABILITY

4.1

This JAR–TSO deals only with Joint TSO Authorisation for an article granted by the Authority of the country in which the article is designed and manufactured.

5

AMENDMENT OF JAR–TSO

5.1

Future development of the requirements for this JAR will be in accordance with the agreed amendment procedure. Broadly, these procedures are such that amendment of JAR–TSO can be proposed by the Aviation Authority of any of the participating countries and by any organisation represented on the Joint Steering Assembly.

5.2

The Aviation Authorities have agreed they should not unilaterally initiate amendment of their national codes without having made a proposal for amendment of the JAR–TSO in accordance with the agreed procedure.

5.3

New, amended and corrected text is enclosed within heavy brackets.

6

RESPONSIBILITIES OF PARTICIPATING AUTHORITIES

6.1

The participating countries have agreed that where, under their national regulations they can accept an article for use in an aircraft when it bears a JTSO marking, they will, under the same conditions*, accept articles from other participating countries that have adopted JAR–TSO and have issued a Joint TSO Authorisation for the article in accordance with this JAR–TSO.

JAR–TSO

6.2

An article manufactured under a Joint TSO Authorisation is, in principle, acceptable for installation in an aircraft. Nevertheless, some other technical requirements may be applied to the article by the participating Authorities in accordance with the JAR covering the aircraft in which the article is fitted (e.g. JAR–25).

6.3

Each Authority has agreed that in administering JAR–TSO it will:–

(a)

Ensure preservation of proper records of the documents that have been submitted to it for obtaining authorisation.

(b)

Assist other Joint Aviation Authorities by providing confirmation of the Joint TSO Authorisation of the article and the terms of the authorisation including any deviations, when requested.

(c)

Make available, on request, the Declaration of Design and Performance required by this JAR to the Authority of the country to which the article is being exported.

(d)

Ensure that other Authorities are advised, in the event of the occurrence of airworthiness failings of an article which necessitates Mandatory Modifications, or withdrawal of the authorisation.

This Foreword will require revision once Subpart ‘O’ comes into force.

JAR–TSO

JOINT AVIATION REQUIREMENTS

CHECK LIST OF PAGES

JAR–TSO, JOINT TECHNICAL STANDARD ORDERS

CHANGE 3, DATED 28 APRIL 1998

The following pages of JAR–TSO are now current:

Page No.

Legend

Title Page

28 April 1998

ii

Change 3, 28 April 1998

C–1

Change 2, 13 September 1995

C–2

Change 2, 13 September 1995

F–1

Change 2, 13 September 1995

F–2

Change 2, 13 September 1995

CL–1

Change 3, 28 April 1998

CL–2

Change 3, 28 April 1998

P–1

Reissued by Change 3

P–2

Change 3, 28 April 1998

A–1

Change 2, 13 September 1995

A–2

Change 2, 13 September 1995

A–3

Change 2, 13 September 1995

A–4

Change 2, 13 September 1995

A–5

Change 2, 13 September 1995

A–6

Change 2, 13 September 1995

B–1

Re-issued by Change 3

B–2

Change 3, 28 April 1998

B–3

Change 3, 28 April 1998

B–4

Change 3, 28 April 1998

B–5

Change 3, 28 April 1998

B–6

Change 3, 28 April 1998

JAR–TSO

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PREAMBLES

JAR–TSO

JAR–TSO

First Issue

28.6.82

This JAR–TSO was issued on 28th June 1982 and became effective on that date.

Change 1

Effective: 10.6.91

The main purpose of this amendment is to introduce Subpart B which lists certain Joint TSOs (JTSOs) which are technically similar to FAR TSOs (Index 1) and those JTSOs which are applicable only to the JAR system (Index 2). Also to include copies of each JTSO in Subpart C.

The following other amendments have also been made:–

An amendment to the JAR Secretariat name and address on page ii.

Addition of new paragraphs to the Foreword and revision of other paragraphs.

Incorporation of minor editorial improvements in several places.

Change 2

Effective: 13.9.95

The purpose of this amendment is to introduce a number of new JTSOs, and revise a number of others, following NPA–TSO–1.

The following amendments have been made:–

An amendment to the JAA Headquarter’s name and address on page ii.

Revised list of countries on page ii.

Reorganisation of Foreword following adoption of JAR–21.

Editorial amendments to Subparts A and B following adoption of JAR–21.

Deletion of Subpart C.

Revision of the following JTSOs to Index 1:–

C2c to C2d, C3c to C3d, C5d to C5e, C6c to C6d, C7c to C7d, C8c to C8d, C14a to C14b, C15c to C15d, C21a to C21b, C30b to C30c, C43a to C43b, C64 to C64a, C96 to C96a, C110 to C110a.

Introduction of the following JTSOs to Index 1:–

C22g, C31d, C32d, C116, C118, C119a, C120, C121, C124.

Introduction of the following JTSO to Index 2:–

2C19b.

JAR–TSO

Change 3

Effective: 28.04.98

The purpose of this amendment is to introduce a number of new JTSOs, and revise a number of others, following NPA–TSO–2.

The following amendments have been made:–

An amendment to the name and address of the JAA’s printer, the inclusion of ECAC’s address, and the list of JAA member states on page ii.

Revision of the following JTSOs to Index 1:–

C23c to C23d, C43b to C43c, C44a to C44b, C45 to C45a, C49a to C49b, C52a to C52b and C90b to

C90c.

Introduction of the following JTSOs to Index 1:–

C39b and C123

Revision of the following JTSOs to Index 2:–

2C37d to 2C37e and 2C38d to 2C38e.

Introduction of the following JTSOs to Index 2:–

2C93b, 2C112, 2C122, 2C126, 2C128 and 2C500.

SUBPART A

SUBPART A – GENERAL

1 APPLICABILITY

This Code prescribes –

JAR–TSO

1.1 Requirements for the issue of Joint Technical Standard Order Authorisations (see this Subpart A).

(a)

In some JTSOs, reference is made to an associated FAA Standard and in these cases the FAA Standard follows the JTSO.

(b)

However, in some places the text of these refer to FAA or FAR and so the equivalent JAA or JAR references should be substituted.

1.2 Joint Technical Standard Orders (hereafter referred to in this Code as JTSOs) containing

minimum performance and quality control standards for specified materials, parts, or appliances (hereafter referred to as ‘articles’) used on civil aircraft (see Subparts B and C).

1.3 For the purposes of this JAR–TSO, the manufacturer is the person who controls the design and quality of an article produced under JAR–TSO, including the parts thereof and any processes or services related thereto.

2 APPLICATION FOR ISSUE OF A JOINT TSO AUTHORISATION

2.1 The manufacturer must submit an application for a Joint TSO Authorisation.

NOTE: The manufacturer is advised to submit the application sufficiently early that the Authority can be consulted over the methods of demonstrating compliance as required by paragraph 10.

2.2 The manufacturer must supply the following documents to the Authority:

(a)

A Declaration of Design and Performance (including a Statement of Conformance, certifying that the manufacturer has met the requirements of this document and those of the appropriate JTSO) as defined in paragraph 4;

(b)

Copies of the technical data required in the applicable performance standards of the relevant JTSO, including the qualification test report; and

(c)

A description of his quality control system as specified in paragraph 2.3. Reference may be made to a previously submitted document if this is relevant.

2.3 The manufacturer must submit, for approval, data describing the inspection and test procedures

necessary to ensure that each article produced conforms to the type design and is in a condition for safe operation, including as applicable –

(a)

A statement describing assigned responsibilities and delegated authority of the quality control organisation, together with a chart indicating the functional relationship of the quality control organisation to management and to other organisational components, and indicating the chain of authority and responsibility within the quality control organisation;

(b)

A description of inspection procedures for raw materials, purchased items, and parts and assemblies produced by subsidiary manufacturers, including methods used to ensure acceptable quality of parts and assemblies that cannot be completely inspected for conformity and quality when delivered to the prime manufacturer’s plant;

JAR–TSO

SUBPART A

(c)

A description of the methods used for production inspection of individual parts and complete assemblies, including the identification of any special manufacturing processes involved, the means used to control the processes, the final test procedure for the complete product;

(d)

An outline of the materials review system, including the procedure for recording review board decisions and disposing of rejected parts;

(e)

An outline of a system for informing company inspectors of current changes in engineering drawing, specifications, and quality control procedures; and

(f)

A list or chart showing the location and type of inspection stations.

2.4 The manufacturer shall make available to the Authority information regarding all delegation of

authority to subsidiary manufacturers to make major inspections of parts or assemblies for which the prime manufacturer is responsible.

2.5 If the submission is deficient, the applicant must submit any additional or revised information requested by the Authority necessary to show compliance.

3 GRANT OF AUTHORISATION

3.1 The Authority will issue a Joint TSO Authorisation which authorises the manufacturer to identify the article with the JTSO marking and to include a reference to the Authority authorisation on the DDP, when it has been established to the satisfaction of the Authority –

(a)

That the article conforms to the technical conditions of the relevant JTSO as given in Index 1 and 2; and

(b)

That the manufacturer meets the conditions of this JAR–TSO.

3.2 No article may be identified with the JTSO marking unless properly authorised in accordance with paragraph 3.1.

4 DECLARATION OF DESIGN AND PERFORMANCE (DDP)

4.1 The DDP must contain at least the following information:

(a)

Particulars identifying the article and its design and testing standard including the record of drawings;

(b)

The rated performance of the article, where appropriate, either directly or by reference to other supplementary documents;

(c)

Statement of Conformance with the relevant JTSO and any deviations therefrom;

(d)

Reference to relevant test reports;

(e)

Reference to the appropriate Maintenance, Overhaul and Repair Manuals; and

(f)

Where various levels of compliance (e.g. in respect of environmental testing) are allowed by the JTSO, the levels of compliance must be defined in the DDP.

SUBPART A

JAR–TSO

4.2 The DDP must be concluded with the date and signature of the manufacturer’s authorised representative.

5 GENERAL RULES GOVERNING HOLDERS OF JOINT TSO AUTHORISATIONS

5.1 Each manufacturer of an article for which a Joint TSO Authorisation has been given must –

(a)

Manufacture the article in accordance with this document and the applicable JTSO;

(b)

Conduct all required tests and inspections and establish and maintain a quality control system adequate to ensure that the item meets the requirements of sub-paragraph (a) of this paragraph and is in a condition for safe operation;

(c)

Prepare and maintain, for each model of each article for which a Joint TSO Authorisation has been issued, a current file of complete technical data and records in accordance with paragraph 9; and

(d)

Unless the technical conditions of the JTSO make other provisions, permanently and legibly mark each article to which this section applies with the following information, as far as is practical:

(i)

The name and address of the manufacturer;

(ii)

The name, reference to the type of article (part number) and, if relevant, the model number;

(iii)

The nominal mass of the article which must be within ± 50 g or to ± 3% actual mass, provided the difference between the actual mass and the mass declared is never greater than 5 kg;

(iv)

The serial number or the date of manufacture of the article or both; and

(v)

The applicable JTSO number (e.g. JTSO–C62d);

(vi)

Level to which the computer software (if any) has been verified and validated.

6 MAINTENANCE, OVERHAUL AND REPAIR MANUALS

6.1 Those Maintenance, Overhaul and Repair Manuals necessary for the maintenance of the article must be made available to users and to the Authority on request.

7 APPROVAL OF A DEVIATION

7.1 Each manufacturer who requests approval to deviate from any performance standard of the relevant JTSO must show that the standards from which a deviation is requested are compensated for by factors or design features providing an equivalent level of safety.

7.2 The request by the manufacturer for approval to deviate together with all pertinent data must be submitted to the Authority.

JAR–TSO

8 DESIGN CHANGES

SUBPART A

8.1 Major Changes by the Manufacturer Holding the Authorisation. A major modification is one which affects physical or functional features and/or requires a supplementary investigation to establish compliance with the relevant JTSO. Before making such a change, the manufacturer must assign a new type or model designation to the article and apply for authorisation as under paragraph 2.

8.2 Minor Changes by the Manufacturer Holding the Authorisation. The manufacturer of an

article under an authorisation issued under this JAR–TSO may make minor changes (any changes other than a major change) subject to further approval (granted individually or under a general authorisation) by his Authority. In this case the changed article keeps the original model number and the manufacturer must forward to his Authority any revised data that is necessary for compliance with paragraph 2.

9 RECORD KEEPING

9.1 Each manufacturer holding a Joint TSO Authorisation under this document must for each article manufactured under that Authorisation, keep the following records:

(a)

A complete and current technical data file for each type or model of the article including design drawings and specifications; and

(b)

Complete and current inspection records showing that all inspections and tests required to ensure compliance with this document and the JTSO have been properly done and documented.

9.2 The manufacturer must retain the records described in paragraph 9.1(a) until he no longer

manufactures the article concerned under his authorisation. At that time he must agree with his Authority as to how the records must be preserved. The manufacturer must retain the records described in paragraph 9.1(b) for 5 years, or for such longer periods as is specified by the Authority.

10 RIGHT OF AUTHORITY TO INSPECT

10.1 At the request of his Authority each manufacturer must allow the Authority to inspect –

(a)

The qualification testing;

(b)

Any article manufactured under his authorisation;

(c)

The manufacturer’s quality control inspection and tests;

(d)

The manufacturing facilities; and

(e)

The technical data files on the article.

11 NON-COMPLIANCE

11.1 The manufacturer’s authorisation to identify his product(s) with the JTSO marking may be

withdrawn or suspended if the Authority finds that the conditions required when authorisation was granted are no longer being observed, or if the article proves to give rise to unacceptable hazards in service.

SUBPART A

JAR–TSO

12 TRANSFERABILITY AND VALIDITY OF THE JOINT TSO AUTHORISATION

12.1 Any authorisation granted in accordance with this JAR–TSO is not transferable. It is valid until suspended or withdrawn by the Authority.

13 REPORTING OF FAILURES, MALFUNCTIONS AND DEFECTS

13.1 When a manufacturer finds that there are failures or malfunctions in an article he has

manufactured or that there are defects in an article which have escaped his quality control system, he must declare it to his Authority if these failures, malfunctions or defects are likely to cause or have caused incidents affecting the airworthiness or operational safety of an aircraft.

13.2 Whenever the investigation of an accident or service difficulty report shows that an article

manufactured under a Joint TSO Authorisation is unsafe because of a manufacturing or design defect, the manufacturer shall, upon the request of the Authority report to the Authority the results of his investigation and any action, taken or proposed by the manufacturer to correct that defect. If action is required to correct the defect in existing articles, the manufacturer shall submit to the Authority the data necessary for the issue of an appropriate Airworthiness Directive.

This Subpart A will require revision once Subpart ‘O’ comes into force.

JAR–TSO

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

SUBPART A

SUBPART B

JAR–TSO

SUBPART B – LIST OF JTSOs (INDEX 1 AND INDEX 2)

This Subpart contains two Indexes:

1 INDEX 1

1.1 Index 1 lists all those JTSOs which are technically similar to FAA TSOs.

1.2 When an article has been approved by a Joint Aviation Authority to a JTSO listed in Index 1 the

article is to be permanently marked with the appropriate JTSO number. Also, all documentation associated with Certification and Release for installation on an aeroplane must record this JTSO number. The ‘J’ Symbol signifies that the article has been certified to the relevant JTSO by a Joint Aviation Authority.

1.3 It should be noted that some FAA TSO numbers have not been listed in Index 1 because they

have not been jointly agreed by the Joint Aviation Authorities and cannot therefore be certified or identified by a JTSO number.

1.4 Index 1 will be updated from time to time, to reflect the latest edition of a JTSO, for example

JTSO–C1b to JTSO–C1c. However, this does not mean that previous editions cannot still be used; it merely means that for new applications it would be the general rule to certificate to the latest edition. Exceptions to this rule would be subject to negotiation with the appropriate Authority.

1.5 The JTSO numbering system is explained as follows:

JTSO–C5d means: Joint TSO–Number and revision letter, and so –

JTSO–C95 with no revision letter means initial issue.

NOTE:

2 INDEX 2

Copies of JTSOs are listed in Index 1.

2.1 Index 2 lists all those JTSOs which are applicable only to JAR; examples are:

(a)

Jointly agreed deviations from an FAA TSO; or

(b)

When an FAA TSO does not exist for a particular application.

2.2 Index 2 JTSOs will be numbered as follows:

JTSO–2C41d, in which the 2 denotes that it is from Index 2.

NOTE:

Copies of JTSOs are listed in Index 2.

JAR–TSO

INDEX 1

SUBPART B

JTSO

Subject Title

JTSO–C1c

Cargo Compartment Fire Detection Instruments

JTSO–C2d

Airspeed Instruments

JTSO–C3d

Turn and Slip Instruments

JTSO–C4c

Bank and Pitch Instruments

JTSO–C5e

Direction Instrument, Non-magnetic (Gyroscopically Stabilized)

JTSO–C6d

Direction Instrument, Magnetic (Gyroscopically Stabilized)

JTSO–C7d

Direction Instrument, Magnetic Non-stabilized Type (Magnetic Compass)

JTSO–C8d

Vertical Velocity Instrument (Rate-of-Climb)

JTSO–C9c

Automatic Pilots

JTSO–C10b

Aircraft Altimeter, Pressure Actuated, Sensitive Type

JTSO–C14b

Aircraft Fabric, Intermediate Grade; External Covering Material

JTSO–C15d

Aircraft Fabric, Grade A; External Covering Material

JTSO–C16

Airspeed Tubes (Electrically Heated)

JTSO–C20

Combustion Heaters

JTSO–C21b

Aircraft Turnbuckle Assemblies and/or Turnbuckle Safetying Devices

JTSO–C22g

Safety Belts

JTSO–C23d

Personnel Parachute Assemblies

JTSO–C25a

Aircraft Seats and Berths (Type 1 Transport 6 g Forward Load)

JTSO–C27

Twin Seaplane Floats

JTSO–C28

Aircraft Skis

JTSO–C30c

Aircraft Position Lights

JTSO–C31d

HF Transmitting Equipment

JTSO–C32d

HF Receiving Equipment

JTSO–C34e

ILS Glide Slope Receiving Equipment Operating within the Radio Frequency Range of 328 . 6–335 . 4 Megahertz (MHz)

SUBPART B

INDEX 1

JAR–TSO

JTSO

Subject Title

JTSO–C36e

Airborne ILS Localizer Receiving Equipment Operating within the Radio Frequency Range 108–112 Megahertz

JTSO–C39b

Aircraft Seats and Berths

JTSO–C42

Propeller Feathering Hose Assemblies

JTSO–C43c

Temperature Instruments

JTSO–C44b

Fuel Flowmeters

JTSO–C45a

Manifold Pressure Instruments

JTSO–C46a

Maximum Allowable Airspeed Indicator Systems

JTSO–C47

Pressure Instruments – Fuel, Oil and Hydraulic (Reciprocating Engine Powered Aircraft)

JTSO–C48

Carbon Monoxide Detector Instruments

JTSO–C49b

Electric Tachometer: Magnetic Drag (Indicator and Generator)

JTSO–C50c

Audio Selector Panels and Amplifiers

JTSO–C52b

Flight Directors

JTSO–C53a

Fuel and Engine Oil System Hose Assemblies

JTSO–C54

Stall Warning Instruments

JTSO–C55

Fuel and Oil Quantity Instruments (Reciprocating Engine Aircraft)

JTSO–C56a

Engine-driven Direct Current Generators/Starter-generators

JTSO–C57a

Headsets and Speakers

JTSO–C58a

Aircraft Microphones (Except Carbon)

JTSO–C59

Airborne Selective Calling Equipment

JTSO–C60b

Airborne Area Navigation Equipment Using Loran C Inputs

JTSO–C62d

Aircraft Tyres

JTSO–C64a

Oxygen Mask Assembly, Continuous Flow, Passenger

JTSO–C65a

Airborne Doppler Radar Ground Speed and/or Drift Angle Measuring Equipment (for Air Carrier Aircraft)

JAR–TSO

INDEX 1

SUBPART B

JTSO

Subject Title

JTSO–C68a

Airborne Automatic Dead Reckoning Computer Equipment Utilizing Aircraft Heading and Doppler Ground Speed and Drift Angle Data (for Air Carrier Aircraft)

JTSO–C69b

Emergency Evacuation Slides, Ramps and Slide/Raft Combinations

JTSO–C71

Airborne Static (‘DC to DC’) Electrical Power Converter (for Air Carrier Aircraft)

JTSO–C72c

Individual Flotation Devices

JTSO–C73

Static Electrical Power Inverter

JTSO–C74c

Airborne ATC Transponder Equipment

JTSO–C76

Fuel Drain Valves

JTSO–C78

Crewmember Demand Oxygen Masks

JTSO–C79

Fire Detectors (Radiation Sensing Type)

JTSO–C85

Survivor Locator Lights

JTSO–C88a

Automatic Pressure Altitude Reporting Code Generating Equipment

JTSO–C89

Oxygen Regulators, Demand

JTSO–C90c

Cargo Pallets, Nets and Containers

JTSO–C92b

Ground Proximity Warning, Glide Slope Deviation Alerting Equipment

JTSO–C94a

Omega Receiving Equipment Operating within the Radio Frequency Range of 10 . 2–13 . 6 Kilohertz

JTSO–C95

Mach Meters

JTSO–C96a

Anticollision Light Systems

JTSO–C97

Lithium Sulfur Dioxide Batteries

JTSO–C99

Protective Breathing Equipment

JTSO–C101

Overspeed Warning Instruments

JTSO–C102

Airborne Radar Approach and Beacon Systems for Helicopters

JTSO–C103

Continuous Flow Oxygen Mask Assembly (for Non-transport Category Aircraft)

JTSO–C105

Optional Display Equipment for Weather and Ground Mapping Radar Indicators

JTSO–C106

Air Data Computer

SUBPART B

INDEX 1

JAR–TSO

JTSO

Subject Title

JTSO–C109

Airborne Navigation Data Storage System

JTSO–C110a

Airborne Passive Thunderstorm Detection Systems

JTSO–C113

Airborne Multipurpose Electronic Displays

JTSO–C114

Torso Restraint Systems

JTSO–C116

Crew Member PBE

JTSO–C118

TCAS I

JTSO–C119a

TCAS II

JTSO–C120

OMEGA/VLF

JTSO–C121

Underwater Locating Devices

JTSO–C123

Cockpit Voice Recorders Systems

JTSO–C124

Flight Recorder

JAR–TSO

INDEX 2

SUBPART B

JTSO

Subject Title

JTSO–2C11e

Powerplant Fire Detection Instruments (Thermal and Flame Contact Types)

JTSO–2C19b

Fire Extinguishers, Portable Water Type

JTSO–2C35d

Radar Marker Receiving Equipment

JTSO–2C37e

VHF Radio Communication Transmitting Equipment Operating Within the Radio

Frequency Range 117 . 975–137 Megahertz

JTSO–2C38e

VHF Radio Communication Receiving Equipment Operating Within the Radio

Frequency Range 117 . 975–137 Megahertz

JTSO–2C40c

VOR Receiving Equipment Operating Within the Radio Frequency Range 108–117 . 95 Megahertz

JTSO–2C41d

Airborne Automatic Direction Finding (ADF) Equipment

JTSO–2C63c

Airborne Weather and Ground Mapping Pulsed Radars

JTSO–2C66b

Distance Measuring Equipment (DME) Operating Within the Radio Frequency Range of 960–1215 Megahertz

JTSO–2C75

Hydraulic Hoses Assembly

JTSO–2C87

Low Range Radio Altimeters

JTSO–2C91a

Emergency Locator Transmitter (ELT) Equipment

JTSO–2C93b

Airborne Interim Standard Microwave Landing System Converter Equipment

JTSO–2C104

Microwave Landing System (MLS) Airborne Receiving Equipment

JTSO–2C112

Air Traffic Control Radar Beacon System/Mode Select (ATCRBS/MODE S)

Airborne Equipment

JTSO–2C115

Airborne Area Navigation Equipment Using Multi-sensor Inputs

JTSO–2C122

Devices That Prevent Blocked Channels Used in Two-Way Radio Communications

Due to Simultaneous Transmissions

JTSO–2C126

406 MHz Emergency Locator Transmitter (ELT)

JTSO–2C128

Devices That Prevent Blocked Channels used in Two-Way Radio Communications

Due to Unintentional Transmissions

JTSO–2C500

Combined ILS/MLS Airborne Receiving Equipment

Joint

Aviation

Requirements

JJ oo ii nn tt

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JTSO–C1c

Date: 10.6.91

OO rrdd ee rr

Subject : CARGO COMPARTMENT FIRE DETECTION INSTRUMENTS

1 - Applicability This JTSO gives the requirements which cargo compartment fire detection instruments that are manufactured on or after the date of this JTSO must meet in order to be identified with the applicable JTSO marking.

2 - Procedures

2.1 - General Applicable procedures are detailed in JAR-TSO Subpart A.

2.2 - Specific None.

3 - Technical Conditions

3.1 - Basic

3.1.1 - Minimum Performance Standard Standards set forth in the SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) 8036 “Cargo Compartment Fire Detection Instruments”, dated April 1, 1985.

3.1.2 - Environmental Standard EUROCAE/RTCA document ED-14C/D0 -160C, “Environmental Conditions and Test Procedures for Airborne Equipment”, dated December 12, 1989.

3.1.3 - Computer Software If the equipment design implementation includes a digital computer, the computer software must be verified and validated in an acceptable manner. One acceptable means of compliance for the verification and validation of the computer software is outlined in EUROCAE/RTCA document ED-12A/DO-178A, “Software considerations in Airborne Systems and Equipment Certification”, dated October 1985. For those applicants who elect to use EUROCAE/RTCA document ED-12A/DO-178A to

demonstrate compliance for the verification and validation of the computer software, the following requirements must be met:

(i) This document defines three levels of software:

Level 1, Level 2 and Level 3. The applicant must declare the level (or levels) to which the computer software has been verified and validated. This equipment may incorporate more than one software level.

(ii) The applicant must submit a software verification and validation plan for review and approval.

3.2 - Specific

None

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4 - Marking 4.1- General Marking is detailed in JAR-TSO Subpart A. 4.2 - Specific None.

JTSO–C1c

5 - Availability of Referenced Document - SAE documents may be purchased from the Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc., Department 331, 400 Commonwealth Drive, Warrendale, PA 15096. -EUROCAE documents may be purchased from the European Organisation for Civil Aviation Electronics: 11, rue Hamelin 75783 PARIS CEDEX 16. -RTCA documents maybe purchased from the Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics Secretariat, One Mc Pherson Square, 1425 K Street, NW, Suite 500, Washington, DC 20005.

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Subject: AIRSPEED INSTRUMENTS

JTSO–C2d

Date: 13.9.95

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1 - Applicability This JTSO gives the requirements which new models of airspeed instruments that are manufactured on or after the date of this JTSO must meet in order to be identified with the applicable JTSO marking.

2 - Procedures

2.1 - General Applicable procedures are detailed in JAR-TSO Subpart A.

2.2 - Specific None.

3 - Technical Conditions

3.1 - Basic

3.1.1 - Minimum Performance Standard Standards set forth in the SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) 8019 “Airspeed Instruments”, dated March 30, 1981.

3.1.2 - Environmental Standard EUROCAE/RTCA document ED-14C/DO-160C, “Environmental Conditions and Test Procedures for Airborne Equipment”, dated December 12, 1989.

3.1.3 - Computer Software If the equipment design implementation includes a digital computer, the computer software must be verified and validated in an acceptable manner. One acceptable means of compliance for the verification and validation of the computer software is outlined in EUROCAE/RTCA document ED-12B/D0-178B, “Software considerations in Airborne Systems and Equipment Certification”, dated December 1992. For those applicants who elect to use EUROCAE/RTCA document ED-12B/DO-178B to

demonstrate compliance for the verification and validation of the computer software, the following requirements must be met:

 

(i)

This document defines three levels of software:

 

Level 1, Level 2 and Level 3. The applicant must declare the level (or levels) to which the computer software has been verified and validated. This equipment may incorporate more than one software level.

 

(ii)

The applicant must submit a software verification and validation plan for review and approval.

3.2

- Specific

None.

4 - Marking

4.1 - General Marking is detailed in JAR-TSO Subpart A.

4.2 - Specific None.

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JTSO–C2d

5 - Availability of Referenced Document - SAE documents may be purchased from the Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc., 400 Commonwealth Drive, Warrendale, PA 15096.

- EUROCAE documents may be purchased from the European Organisation for Civil Aviation Electronics: 11, rue Hamelin 75783 PARIS CEDEX 16.

- RTCA documents may be purchased from the Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics Secretariat, One Mc Pherson Square, 1425 K Street, NW, Suite 500, Washington, DC 20005.

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Subject: TURN AND SLIP INSTRUMENTS

JTSO–C3d

Date: 13.9.95

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1

- Applicability This JTSO gives the requirements which new models of turn and slip instruments that are manufactured on or after the date of this JTSO must meet in order to be identified with the applicable JTSO marking.

2

- Procedures

2.1

- General

Applicable procedures are detailed in JAR-TSO Subpart A.

2.2

- Specific

None.

3 - Technical Conditions

3.1 - Basic

3.1.1 - Minimum Performance Standard Standards set forth in the SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) 8004 “Turn and Slip Instruments”, dated September 1975.

3.1.2 - Environmental Standard EUROCAE/RTCA document ED-14C/DO-160C, “Environmental Conditions and Test Procedures for Airborne Equipment”, dated December 12, 1989.

3.1.3 - Computer Software If the equipment design implementation includes a digital computer, the computer software must be verified and validated in an acceptable manner. One acceptable means of compliance for the verification and validation of the computer software is outlined in EUROCAE/RTCA document ED-12B/DO-178B, “Software considerations in Airborne Systems and Equipment Certification”, dated December 1992. For those applicants who elect to use EUROCAE/RTCA document ED-12B/DO-178B to

demonstrate compliance for the verification and validation of the computer software, the following requirements must be met:

(i)

This document defines three levels of software:

Level 1, Level 2 and Level 3. The applicant must declare the level (or levels) to which the computer software has been verified and validated. This equipment may incorporate more than one software level.

(ii)

The applicant must submit a software verification and validation plan for review and approval.

3.2

- Specific

None.

4

- Marking

4.1 - General

Marking is detailed in JAR-TSO Subpart A. 4.2- Specific None.

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5 - Availability of Referenced Document

JTSO–C3d

- SAE documents may be purchased from the Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc., 400 Commonwealth Drive, Warrendale, PA 15096.

- EUROCAE documents may be purchased from the European Organisation for Civil Aviation Electronics: 11, rue Hamelin 75783 PARIS CEDEX 16.

- RTCA documents may be purchased from the Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics Secretariat, One Mc Pherson Square, 1425 K Street, NW, Suite 500, Washington, DC 20005.

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Subject: BANK AND PITCH INSTRUMENTS

JTSO–C4c

Date: 10.6.91

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1 - Applicability This JTSO gives the requirements which bank and pitch instruments that are manufactured on or after the date of this JTSO must meet in order to be identified with the applicable JTSO marking.

2 - Procedures

2.1 - General Applicable procedures are detailed in JAR-TSO Subpart A.

2.2 - Specific None.

3 - Technical Conditions

3.1 - Basic

3.1.1 - Minimum Performance Standard

Standards set forth in the SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) document : AS-396B, “Bank and Pitch Instruments”, dated July 15, 1958, as amended and supplemented by this JTSO:

(i)

Conformance with the following sections of AS-396B is not required : 3.1; 3.1.2; 3.2; 4.3.5.

(ii)

Substitute the following for section 7. of AS-396B : “Performance tests : The following tests in addition to any other deemed necessary by the manufacturer, shall be the basis for determining compliance with the performance requirements of this standard.”

3.1.2 - Environmental Standard As specified in SAE document : AS-396B.

3.2 - Specific None

4 - Marking

4.1 - General Marking is detailed in JAR-TSO Subpart A. In addition the following information shall be legibly and permanently marked on the equipment:

Nominal power input rating (electrical voltage and frequency, vacuum or air pressure).

4.2 - Specific None.

5 - Availability of Referenced Document

- SAE documents may be purchased from the Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc., 400 Commonwealth Drive, Warrendale, PA 15096.

- EUROCAE documents may be purchased from the European Organisation for Civil Aviation Electronics: 11, rue Hamelin 75783 PARIS CEDEX 16.

- RTCA documents may be purchased from the Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics Secretariat, One Mc Pherson Square, 1425 K Street, NW., Suite 500, Washington, DC 20005.

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JTSO–C5e

Date: 13.9.95

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Subject: DIRECTION INSTRUMENT, NON-MAGNETIC (GYROSCOPICALLY STABILIZED)

1 - Applicability This JTSO gives the requirements which new models of direction instruments, non-magnetic (gyroscopically stabilized) that are manufactured on or after the date of this JTSO must meet in order to be identified with the applicable JTSO marking.

2 - Procedures

2.1 - General Applicable procedures are detailed in JAR-TSO Subpart A.

2.2 - Specific None.

3 - Technical Conditions

3.1 - Basic

3.1.1 - Minimum Performance Standard Standards set forth in the SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) document : AS 8021 “Direction Instrument, Non-Magnetic (Gyroscopically Stabilized)”, dated March 16, 1981.

3.1.2 - Environmental Standard EUROCAE/RTCA document ED-14C/DO-160C, “Environmental Conditions and Test Procedures for Airborne Equipment”, dated December 12, 1989.

3.1.3 - Computer Software If the equipment design implementation includes a digital computer, the computer software must be verified and validated in an acceptable manner. One acceptable means of compliance for the verification and validation of the computer software is outlined in EUROCAE/RTCA document ED-12B/DO-178B, “Software considerations in Airborne Systems and Equipment Certification”, dated December 1992. For those applicants who elect to use EUROCAE/RTCA document ED-12B/DO-178B to

demonstrate compliance for the verification and validation of the computer software, the following requirements must be met:

 

(i)

This document defines three levels of software:

 

Level 1, Level 2 and Level 3. The applicant must declare the level (or levels) to which the computer software has been verified and validated. This equipment may incorporate more than one software level.

 

(ii)

The applicant must submit a software verification and validation plan for review and approval.

3.2

- Specific

None

4

- Marking

 

4.1 - General Marking is detailed in JAR-TSO Subpart A.

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4.2 - Specific None.

5 - Availability of Referenced Document

JTSO–C5e

- SAE documents may be purchased from the Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc., 400 Commonwealth Drive, Warrendale, PA 15096.

- EUROCAE documents may be purchased from the European Organisation for Civil Aviation Electronics: 11, rue Hamelin 75783 PARIS CEDEX 16.

- RTCA documents may be purchased from the Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics Secretariat, One Mc Pherson Square, 1425 K Street, NW, Suite 500, Washington, DC 20005.

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JTSO–C6d

Date: 13.9.95

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Subject: DIRECTION INSTRUMENT, MAGNETIC (GYROSCOPICALLY STABILIZED)

1 - Applicability This JTSO gives the requirements which new models of direction instruments, magnetic (gyroscopically stabilized) that are manufactured on or after the date of this JTSO must meet in order to be identified with the applicable JTSO marking.

2 - Procedures

2.1 - General Applicable procedures are detailed in JAR-TSO Subpart A.

2.2 - Specific None.

3 - Technical Conditions

3.1 - Basic

3.1.1 - Minimum Performance Standard Standards set forth in the SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) document: AS-8013, “Direction Instrument, Magnetic (Gyroscopically Stabilized)”, dated June 1983.

3.1.2 - Environmental Standard As indicated in AS-8013.

3.1.3 - Computer Software If the equipment design implementation includes a digital computer, the computer software must be verified and validated in an acceptable manner. One acceptable means of compliance for the verification and validation of the computer software is outlined in EUROCAE/RTCA document ED-12B/DO-178B, “Software considerations in Airborne Systems and Equipment Certification”, dated December 1992. For those applicants who elect to use EUROCAE/RTCA document ED-12B/DO-178B to

demonstrate compliance for the verification and validation of the computer software, the following requirements must be met:

(i)

This document defines three levels of software:

Level 1, Level 2 and Level 3. The applicant must declare the level (or levels) to which the computer software has been verified and validated. This equipment may incorporate more than one software level.

(ii)

The applicant must submit a software verification and validation plan for review and approval.

3.2 - Specific

 

None

4

- Marking

4.1 - General Marking is detailed in JAR-TSO Subpart A.

4.2 - Specific None.

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5 - Availability of Referenced Document

JTSO–C6d

- SAE documents may be purchased from the Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc., 400 Commonwealth Drive, Warrendale, PA 15096.

- EUROCAE documents may be purchased from the European Organisation for Civil Aviation Electronics: 11, rue Hamelin 75783 PARIS CEDEX 16.

- RTCA documents may be purchased from the Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics Secretariat, One Mc Pherson Square, 1425 K Street, NW., Suite 500, Washington, DC 20005.

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JTSO–C7d

Date: 13.9.95

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Subject: DIRECTION INSTRUMENT, MAGNETIC NON-STABILIZED TYPE (MAGNETIC COMPASS)

1 - Applicability This JTSO gives the requirements which new models of direction instruments, magnetic non-stabilized type (magnetic compass) that are manufactured on or after the date of this JTSO must meet in order to be identified with the applicable JTSO marking.

2 - Procedures

2.1 - General Applicable procedures are detailed in JAR-TSO Subpart A.

2.2 - Specific None.

3 - Technical Conditions

3.1 - Basic

3.1.1 - Minimum Performance Standard Standards set forth in the SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) document: AS 398A “Direction

Instrument, Magnetic Non-Stabilized Type (Magnetic Compass)”, dated July 15, 1958 “reaffirmed October 1984” (if TSO) except as amended and supplemented by this JTSO:

(i)

Conformance with the following sections of AS 398A is not required: 3.1; 3.1.1; 3.1.2; 3.2.

(ii)

Substitute the following for section 7 of AS 398A:

“Performance tests: the following tests in addition to any others deemed necessary by the manufacturers, shall be the basis for determining compliance with the performance requirements of this standard.”

3.1.2 - Environmental Standard The environmental conditions and test procedures in SAE AS 398A are to be used.

3.2 - Specific None

4 - Marking

4.1 - General Marking is detailed in JAR-TSO Subpart A.

4.2 - Specific None.

5 - Availability of Referenced Document - SAE documents may be purchased from the Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc., 400 Commonwealth Drive, Warrendale, PA 15096.

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JTSO–C8d

Date: 13.9.95

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Subject: VERTICAL VELOCITY INSTRUMENT (RATE-OF-CLIMB)

1 - Applicability This JTSO gives the requirements which new models of vertical velocity instruments that are manufactured on or after the date of this JTSO must meet in order to be identified with the applicable JTSO marking.

2 - Procedures

2.1 - General Applicable procedures are detailed in JAR-TSO Subpart A.

2.2 - Specific None.

3 - Technical Conditions

3.1 - Basic

3.1.1 - Minimum Performance Standard Standards set forth in the SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) document: AS 8016 “Vertical Velocity Instruments (Rate-of-climb)”, reaffirmed October 1984.

3.1.2 - Environmental Standard EUROCAE/RTCA document ED-14C/DO-160C, “Environmental Conditions and Test Procedures for Airborne Equipment”, dated December, 1989.

3.1.3 - Computer Software If the equipment design implementation includes a digital computer, the computer software must be verified and validated in an acceptable manner. One acceptable means of compliance for the verification and validation of the computer software is outlined in EUROCAE/RTCA document ED-12B/DO-178B, “Software considerations in Airborne Systems and Equipment Certification”, dated December 1992. For those applicants who elect to use EUROCAE/RTCA document ED-12B/DO-178B to

demonstrate compliance for the verification and validation of the computer software, the following requirements must be met:

 

(i)

This document defines three levels of software:

 

Level 1, Level 2 and Level 3. The applicant must declare the level (or levels) to which the computer software has been verified and validated. This equipment may incorporate more than one software level.

 

(ii)

The applicant must submit a software verification and validation plan for review and approval.

3.2

- Specific

None

4

- Marking

 

4.1 - General Marking is detailed in JAR-TSO Subpart A.

4.2 - Specific None.

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5 - Availability of Referenced Document

JTSO–C8d

- SAE documents may be purchased from the Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc., 400 Commonwealth Drive, Warrendale, PA 15096.

- EUROCAE documents may be purchased from the European Organisation for Civil Aviation Electronics: 11, rue Hamelin 75783 PARIS CEDEX 16.

- RTCA documents may be purchased from the Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics Secretariat, One Mc Pherson Square, 1425 K Street, NW., Suite 500, Washington, DC 20005.

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Subject: AUTOMATIC PILOTS

SSttaannddaarrdd

JTSO–C9c

Date: 10.6.91

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1 - Applicability This JTSO gives the requirements which automatic pilots that are manufactured on or after the date of this JTSO must meet in order to be identified with the applicable JTSO marking.

2 - Procedures

2.1 - General Applicable procedures are detailed in JAR-TSO Subpart A.

2.2 - Specific None.

3 - Technical Conditions

3.1 - Basic

3.1.1 - Minimum Performance Standard

Standards set forth in SAE Aeronautical Standard AS 402A “Automatic Pilots”, dated February 1, 1959 as amended and supplemented by this JTSO. (1) Exceptions

(i)

Conformance with the following section of

SAE AS 402A is not required: 3.1, 3.1.1,

3.1.2, 3.2.

(ii)

Substitute the following for section 7 of SAE AS 402A:

(2)

“Performance tests: The following tests, in addition to any others deemed necessary by the manufacturer, shall be the basis for determining compliance with the performance requirements of this standard.” Additions

In addition to the means of indication specified in ß 4.3 of SAE AS 402A, the following shall be included:

(i)

Power malfunction indication. Means shall be provided to indicate readily to the pilot in a positive manner when each phase of the primary power (voltage and/or current) to the automatic pilot is not adequate for safe operation.

(ii)

Airborne navigation reference indication. A visual means shall be provided to indicate readily to the pilot in a positive manner when the automatic pilot is not engaged to the airborne navigation reference.

3.1.2 - Environmental Standard As indicated in SAE AS 402A.

3.2 - Specific None

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4

- Marking

4.1

- General Marking is detailed in JAR-TSO Subpart A.

4.2

- Specific None.

5 - Availability of Referenced Document

JTSO–C9c

- SAE documents may be purchased from the Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc., 400 Commonwealth Drive, Warrendale, PA 15096.

- EUROCAE documents may be purchased from the European Organisation for Civil Aviation Electronics: 11, rue Hamelin 75783 PARIS CEDEX 16.

- RTCA documents may be purchased from the Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics Secretariat, One Mc Pherson Square, 1425 K Street, NW., Suite 500, Washington, DC 20005.

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JTSO–C10b

Date: 10.6.91

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Subject: AIRCRAFT ALTIMETER, PRESSURE ACTUATED, SENSITIVE TYPE.

1 - Applicability This JTSO gives the requirements which altimeters pressure actuated that are manufactured on or after the date of this JTSO must meet in order to be identified with the applicable JTSO marking.

2 - Procedures

2.1 - General

Applicable procedures are detailed in JAR-TSO Subpart A.

2.2

- Specific

None.

3 - Technical Conditions

3.1 - Basic

3.1.1 - Minimum Performance Standard

Standards set forth in the SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) document: AS 392C, “Altimeter, Pressure Actuated Sensitive Type”, revision date February, 1959 with the following exceptions, and as amended and supplemented by this JTSO:

Exceptions

(i)

The following specifically numbered paragraphs in AS 392C do not concern minimum performance and therefore are not essential to compliance with this section: 3.1, 3.1.1, 3.1.2, 3.2, 3.2(a)(b)(c)(d)(e)(f).

(ii)

In lieu of Section 7. in AS 392C, it is a requirement that the altimeters covered by this section be capable of successfully passing the test in paragraphs 7.1 through 7.5 and an External Case Pressure Test which is as follows:

External Case Pressure Test The static pressure source of the instrument shall be sealed when an ambient temperature of 25°C and an ambient pressure of 29.92 inches (absolute) of mercury have been achieved. The ambient pressure shall then be increased at a rate of 20 inches of mercury in two seconds to 50 inches (absolute) of mercury and held at that pressure for three minutes. There shall be no adverse effect on the instrument or its accuracy.

 

(iii)

The “Reference Section” under Table II of AS 392C is not applicable.

3.2

- Specific

None

4

- Marking

 

4.1 - General Marking is detailed in JAR-TSO Subpart A. In addition, the maximum altitude for which altimeter is qualified to operate shall be legibly and permanently marked.

4.2 - Specific None.

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5 - Availability of Referenced Document

JTSO–C10b

- SAE documents may be purchased from the Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc., 400 Commonwealth Drive, Warrendale, PA 15096.

- EUROCAE documents may be purchased from the European Organisation for Civil Aviation Electronics: 11, rue Hamelin 75783 PARIS CEDEX 16.

- RTCA documents may be purchased from the Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics Secretariat, One Mc Pherson Square, 1425 K Street, NW., Suite 500, Washington, DC 20005.

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JTSO–C14b

Date: 13.9.95

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Subject: AIRCRAFT FABRIC, INTERMEDIATE GRADE.

1 - Applicability This JTSO gives the requirements which [new models] of aircraft fabric, intermediate grade that is manufactured on or after the date of this JTSO must meet in order to be identified with the applicable JTSO marking.

2 - Procedures

2.1 - General Applicable procedures are detailed in JAR-TSO Subpart A.

2.2 - Specific None.

3 - Technical Conditions

3.1 - Basic

3.1.1 - Minimum Performance Standard

Standards set forth in the SAE Aerospace Material Specification (AMS) 3804[c] “Cloth Airplane Cotton Mercerized 65lb (290N) Breaking Strength”, [dated January 1, 1984 as amended and supplemented by this JTSO:

Exceptions:

(i)

Delete from paragraph 2 of SAE AMS 3804c the following: “the latest issue of Aerospace Material Specification (AMS) shall apply.”

(ii)

Compliance with paragraphs 4.2.2.1, 5.2.4, and 8.3 of SAE AMS 3804c is not required.

Additions:

(i)

Paragraph 1.1 of SAE AMS 3804c shall read as follows: Form: This specification covers one strength and one weave of mercerized cotton cloth known as “airplane cloth”. However, synthetic fabric material, in particular polyester in the greige condition, also may be identified and used as “airplane cloth” if the fabric is shown to have certain equivalent properties as cotton cloth.

(ii)

Paragraph 1.2 of SAE AMS 3804c shall read as follows: Application. Aircraft with wing loading less than 9 pounds per square foot (psf) and never-exceed speeds 160 miles per hour (mph). Primarily for the external covering of aircraft surfaces, such as wings, fuselage, ailerons, elevators and other airfoil surfaces.

(iii)

Replace the word cotton with cotton cloth in paragraph 3.1.1 of SAE AMS 3804c.

(iv)

Paragraph 3.1.2 of SAE AMS 3804c shall read as follows: Yarn: The cloth shall be woven from 2-ply combed cotton yarn or synthetic continuous filament yarn.

(v)

Paragraph 3.1.4 of SAE AMS 3804c shall read as follows: Finishing: The cloth shall be uniformly finished in accordance with the best practice for high grade airplane cloth. Finishing of cotton cloth shall consist of washing, framing and calendaring. The calendaring shall be sufficient to lay any nap present and shall provide a smooth even surface. Nap may be removed by singeing. Synthetic cloth shall remain unfinished (greige).

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JTSO–C14b

(vi)

In addition to the requirements of paragraphs 3.2.1, 3.2.2 and 3.2.5 of SAE AMS 3804c, include the following after each title: (cotton cloth only).

(vii)

The first sentence of paragraphs 3.3 of SAE AMS 3804c, shall read as follows:

Quality: The cotton fibers and synthetic filament shall be evenly spun into yarns of proper and uniform yarn count, twist and diameter to produce the texture and weight required.

(viii)

In addition to the requirements of paragraphs 4.6.1, 4.6.2 and 5.2.2 of SAE AMS 3804c, replace reference to AMS 3804c with JTSO-C14b].

3.2 - Specific

None.

4 - Marking

4.1 - General Requirements for marking are specified in paragraph [5.1] of SAE AMS 3804[c].

4.2 - Specific None.

5 - Availability of Referenced Document - SAE documents may be purchased from the Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc., 400 Commonwealth Drive, Warrendale, PA 15096.

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Subject: AIRCRAFT FABRIC, GRADE A.

JTSO–C15d

Date: 13.9.95

OO rrdd ee rr

1 - Applicability This JTSO gives the requirements which [new models] of aircraft fabric, grade A that is manufactured on or after the date of this JTSO must meet in order to be identified with the applicable JTSO marking.

2 - Procedures

2.1 - General Applicable procedures are detailed in JAR-TSO Subpart A.

2.2 - Specific None.

3 - Technical Conditions

3.1 - Basic

3.1.1 - Minimum Performance Standard

Standards set forth in the SAE Aerospace Material Specification (AMS) 3806[d] “Cloth Airplane Cotton Mercerized 80lb (355N) Breaking Strength”, [dated April 15, 1980] as amended and supplemented by this JTSO:

[Exceptions:

(i)

Delete from paragraph 2 of SAE AMS 3806d the following: “the latest issue of Aerospace Material Specification (AMS) shall apply.”

(ii)

Compliance with paragraphs 4.2.2.1, 5.2.4, and 8.3 of SAE AMS 3806d is not required.

Additions:

(i)

Paragraph 1.1 of SAE AMS 3806d shall read as follows: Form: This specification covers one strength and one weave of mercerized cotton cloth known as “airplane cloth”. However, synthetic fabric material, in particular polyester in the greige condition, also may be identified and used as “airplane cloth” if the fabric is shown to have certain equivalent properties as cotton cloth.

(ii)

Paragraph 1.2 of SAE AMS 3806d shall read as follows: Application. Aircraft with wing loading less than 9 pounds per square foot (psf) and never-exceed speeds 160 miles per hour (mph) or greater. Primarily for the external covering of aircraft surfaces, such as wings, fuselage, ailerons, elevators and other airfoil surfaces.

(iii)

Replace the word cotton with cotton cloth in paragraph 3.1.1 of SAE AMS 3806d.

(iv)

Paragraph 3.1.2 of SAE AMS 3806d shall read as follows: Yarn: The cloth shall be woven from 2-ply combed cotton yarn or synthetic continuous filament yarn.

(v)

Paragraph 3.1.4 of SAE AMS 3806d shall read as follows: Finishing: The cloth shall be uniformly finished in accordance with the best practice for high grade airplane cloth. Finishing of cotton cloth shall consist of washing, framing and calendaring. The calendaring shall be sufficient to lay any nap present and shall provide a smooth even surface. Nap may be removed by singeing. Synthetic cloth shall remain unfinished (greige).

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JTSO–C15d

(vi)

In addition to the requirements of paragraphs 3.2.1, 3.2.2 and 3.2.6 of SAE AMS 3806d, include the following after each title: (cotton cloth only).

(vii)

The first sentence of paragraphs 3.3 of SAE AMS 3806d, shall read as follows:

Quality: The cotton fibers and synthetic filament shall be evenly spun into yarns of proper and uniform yarn count, twist and diameter to produce the texture and weight required.

(viii)

In addition to the requirements of paragraph 4.6.1, 4.6.2, 5.1 and 5.2.2 of SAE AMS 3806d, replace reference to AMS 3806d with JTSO-C15d].

3.2 - Specific

None.

4 - Marking

4.1 - General Requirements for marking are specified in paragraph [5.1] of SAE AMS 3806[d].

4.2 - Specific None.

5 - Availability of Referenced Document - SAE documents may be purchased from the Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc., 400 Commonwealth Drive, Warrendale, PA 15096.

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JTSO–C16

Date: 10.6.91

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Subject: AIRSPEED TUBES (ELECTRICALLY HEATED)

1 - Applicability This JTSO gives the requirements which airspeed tubes (electrically heated) that are manufactured on or after the date of this JTSO must meet in order to be identified with the applicable JTSO marking.

2 - Procedures

2.1 - General Applicable procedures are detailed in JAR-TSO Subpart A.

2.2 - Specific None.

3 - Technical Conditions

3.1 - Basic

3.1.1 - Minimum Performance Standard Standards set forth in the SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) document: AS 393 “Airspeed Tubes (electrically heated)”, dated January 12, 1947.

3.1.2 - Environmental Standard As indicated in SAE 393 document.

3.2 - Specific None

4 - Marking

4.1 - General Marking is detailed in JAR-TSO Subpart A.

4.2 - Specific None.

5 - Availability of Referenced Document - SAE documents may be purchased from the Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc., 400 Commonwealth Drive, Warrendale, PA 15096.

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Subject: COMBUSTION HEATERS

JTSO–C20

Date: 10.6.91

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1 - Applicability This JTSO gives the requirements which combustion heaters that are manufactured on or after the date of this JTSO, must meet in order to be identified with the applicable JTSO marking.

2 - Procedures

2.1 - General Applicable procedures are detailed in JAR-TSO Subpart A.

2.2 - Specific None.

3 - Technical Conditions

3.1 - Basic

3.1.1 - Minimum Performance Standard Standards set forth in the Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc ., (SAE) Aerospace Standard AS 143B “HEATERS, AIRPLANE, INTERNAL COMBUSTION HEAT EXCHANGER TYPE”, issued January 11, 1943, revised January 1949.

3.1.2 - Environmental Standard As indicated in AS 143B.

3.2 - Specific None

4 - Marking

4.1 - General Marking is detailed in JAR-TSO Subpart A.

4.2 - Specific None.

5 - Availability of Referenced Document - SAE documents may be purchased from the Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc., 400 Commonwealth Drive, Warrendale, PA 15096.

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JTSO–C21b

Date: 13.9.95

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Subject: AIRCRAFT TURNBUCKLE ASSEMBLIES AND/OR TURNBUCKLE SAFETYING DEVICES.

1 - Applicability This JTSO gives the requirements which new models of aircraft turnbuckle assemblies and/or turnbuckle safetying devices that are manufactured on or after the date of this JTSO must meet in order to be identified with the applicable JTSO marking.

2 - Procedures

2.1 - General Applicable procedures are detailed in JAR-TSO Subpart A.

2.2 - Specific None.

3 - Technical Conditions

3.1 - Basic

3.1.1 - Minimum Performance Standard

Standards set forth in Sections 3 and 4 of Military Specifications MIL-T-5685A, dated April 6, 1950 with the additional tests, when applicable, listed below and as amended and supplemented by this JTSO:

Tests The following tests, when applicable, are required in addition to those set forth in MIL-T- 5685A, and shall be conducted to substantiate the strength and reliability of special turnbuckle assemblies and/or safetying devices. A minimum of six samples each shall be used in conducting the tests for torsion, tension, fatigue (tensile), and fatigue (torsion).

(i)

Torsion. At least one sample of each size turnbuckle assembly and safetying device shall be tested in torsion to determine that the torque necessary to overcome the turnbuckle thread friction and break the safetying device is equal to or greater than that required when the conventional safety wire is used in accordance with the safetying procedure recommended in Civil Aeronautics Manual 4b.329-2.

(ii)

Tension. At least one sample of each size turnbuckle and safetying device assembly shall be tested to determine that the turbuckle assembly (including safetying device) will not fail at any tensile load under the maximum (ultimate) tensile strength for which the comparable standard MIL or NAS turnbuckle is rated. For this test, the sample shall consist of the turnbuckle assembly (including safetying device) with a two (2) foot length of cable appropriately attached to each terminal (end) of the turnbuckle. In making the determination, the sample shall be tested for tensile strength in accordance with Federal Test Method Std. N° 151.3. If the sample does not fail under the specified maximum load, it need not be tested further to destruction.

(iii)

Vibration. At least one sample of each of 3 representative sizes of turnbuckle assemblies, i.e., the smallest, the largest, and an intermediate size, shall be vibrated to determine that the lock wire, or other safetying device which relies upon spring action or clamping to safety the turnbuckle, can be depended upon not to jump out of place or otherwise lose its safetying properties, under vibratory conditions apt to be encountered in aircraft service. It is suggested

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that a cable tension load equal to 25 percent of rated ultimate cable strength and a frequency of 3600 cpm with an overall amplitude of 1/8 inch (parallel to the axis of the hole through the barrel) for 25 hours, be used for this determination.

(iv)

Fatigue (Tensile). At least one sample of each size turnbuckle assembly shall be given a repeated load test, in which a load equal to 2/3 the ultimate tensile strength requirement is applied repeatedly in tension for 300 applications of the load without failure of any component part. For this test, the sample shall consist of the turnbuckle assembly (including safetying device) with a two (2) foot length of cable appropriately attached to each terminal (end) of the turnbuckle.

(v)

Fatigue (Bending). The safety wire used in the conventional lock wire safetying procedure recommended in CAM 4b.329-2 is not considered to be re-usable. If the safety device used with the special aircraft turnbuckle assembly is to be considered re-usable, at least three (3) samples of the shortest formed non-standard safety wire (or other finished safetying device) shall be tested by alternate fastening and unfastening of the wire (or other safetying device), to determine that the device will not break after repeated applications of the bending loads involved. 200 on and off cycles, simulating rough treatment apt to be experienced during maintenance should substantiate a reasonable service life. It is felt that the shortest safety wire (or other safetying device) will be subjected to the greatest bending stresses. However, if the stresses may be greater in a longer wire (or other safetying device) intended for a larger size turnbuckle, the larger size turnbuckle and the longer wire (or other safetying device) shall be used for this test.

(vi)

Fatigue (Torsion). At least one sample of each size turnbuckle assembly and/or safetying device shall be given a repeated load test in which a load equal to 2/3 the torque (determined in test No 1 above) required to overcome the turnbuckle thread friction and break the conventional safety wire (CAM 4b.329-2) is applied in torsion first in one direction and then reversed for 3000 complete cycles of reversal without failure of any component part.

3.2 - Specific

None

4 - Marking

4.1 - General Marking is detailed in JAR-TSO Subpart A.

4.2 - Specific None.

5 - Availability of Referenced Document Copies of military specifications referred to therein may be obtained from the Commanding Officer, Naval Publications and Forms Center, 5801 Tabor Avenue, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19120.

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Subject: SAFETY BELTS.

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JTSO–C22g

Date: 13.9.95

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1 - Applicability This JTSO gives the requirements which new models of safety belts that are manufactured on or after the date of this JTSO must meet in order to be identified with the applicable JTSO marking.

2 - Procedures

2.1 - General Applicable procedures are detailed in JAR-TSO Subpart A.

2.2 - Specific None.

3 - Technical Conditions

3.1 - Basic

3.1.1 - Minimum Performance Standard Standards set forth in Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc. (SAE) Aerospace Standard (AS) Document No. AS 8043, “Torso Restraint Systems”, dated March 1986, with the exceptions and revisions covered in subparagraphs (a)(4) and (a)(5) of this TSO. Through these exceptions and

additions, this JTSO only uses those sections of SAE AS 8043 applicable to the pelvic restraint (seat belt) portion of the torso restraint system. Safety belts approved prior to the date of this JTSO may continue to be manufactured for an additional six months at which time they may no longer be manufactured under the provisions of their original approval. (1) Exceptions

(i)

Wherever SAE AS 8043 refers to torso restraint system(s) or pelvic restraint it shall be considered to be applicable to safety belt restraint system(s).

(ii)

The information contained in Sections 1, 2.1, 2.3 and 2.9 of SAE AS 8043 is not relevant to safety belt restraint systems and shall be disregarded.

(iii)

Compliance with Sections 3.2, 3.2.2, 3.8, 5.9, 6.1, 6.1.2, 8.9, 9.3 and 9.4 of SAE AS 8043 is not required.

(iv)

Disregard references to breaking strength of upper torso restraint webbing and attachment hardware specified in Sections 4.2, 4.4 and 5.3 of SAE AS 8043 respectively.

(2)

Additions

(i)

The definition in Section 2.2 of SAE AS 8043 shall read as follows: Safety Belt Restraint System: Consists of any webbing or similar device including all buckles or other fasteners, and all integral hardware designed to restrain movement of the pelvis, commonly referred to as a lap belt or safety belt.

(ii)

The requirements of Section 3.2.1 of SAE AS 8043 shall read as follows: Safety Belt Restraint System: A safety belt restraint system shall provide pelvic restraint and shall not incorporate emergency locking retractors (inertia reels).

(ii)

Section 9.1 of SAE AS 8043 is revised and shall read as follows: Installation: All components of three seat belt restraint systems shall be tested using a rigid test block, as

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shown in Figures 2 and 3, or a modified test block incorporating only the first 6 inches of the test block shown in Figure 3, or the equivalent, using the procedures in paragraph 9.2, as appropriate. Install the seat belt restraint system on the test block, as shown in Figure 2 and adjust to a length of 1220-1270 mm (48-50 inches), or as near as possible. An automatic locking restractor should be locked at the start of the test with a force on the webbing just sufficient to keep the retractor locked. (3) Environmental standards. SAE AS 8043 incorporates as reference the following environmental standards, for which a more recent version of these standards may be

substituted, if approved by the manager of the aircraft certification office (ACO), Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), having geographical purview over the manufacturer’s facilities.

(i)

American Society for Testing Materials (ASTM) G23-81, Standard Practice for Operating Light-Exposure Apparatus (Carbon-Arc Type) With and Without Water for Exposure of Nonmetallic Materials.

(ii)

ASTM B117-73, Standard Method of Salt Spray (Fog) Testing.

(iii)

ASTM D756-78, Standard Practice for Determination of Weight and Shape Changes of

(4)

Plastics Under Accelerated Service Conditions. Test Methods. SAE AS 8043 incorporates as a reference the following test standards, for

which a more recent version of these standards may be substituted, if approved by the manager of the ACO, having geographical purview over the manufacturer’s facilities.

(i)

American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists (AATCC) Standard Test Method 8-1981, Colorfastness to Crocking.

(ii)

AATCC Standard Test Method 107-1981, Colorfastness to Water.

(iii)

Federal Test Method Standard 191, Method 5906.

(iv)

AATCC Chart for Measuring Transference of Color.

4 - Marking

4.1 - General Marking is detailed in JAR-TSO Subpart A.

4.2 - Specific None.

5 - Availability of Referenced Document

(1)

Copies of SAE AS 8043 may be purchased from the Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc., Department 331, 400 Commonwealth Drive, Warrendale, PA 15096.

(2)

Copies of ASTM B117-73, D756-78, and G23-81 may be purchased from the American Society for Testing and Materials, 1916 Race Street, Philadelphia, PA 19103.

(3)

Copies of AATCC 8-1981 amd 107-1981 may be purchased from the American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists, P.O. Box 12215, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709.

(4) Copies of Federal Test Method Standard 191 Method 5906 may be purchased from the Commanding Officer, Naval Publications and Forms Center, 5801 Tabor Avenue, Philadelphia,

PA 19120.

(5)

Federal Aviation Regulations, Part 21, Subpart O, may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402-9325.

(6)

Advisory Circular 20-110, “Index of Aviation Technical Standard Orders”, may be obtained from

the

U.S. Department of Transportation, Utilization and Storage Section, M-433.2, Washington,

DC

20590.

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Subject: PERSONNEL PARACHUTE ASSEMBLIES

JTSO–C23d

Date: 28.4.98

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1 - Applicability This JTSO gives the requirements which personnel parachutes assemblies that are manufactured on or after the date of this JTSO must meet in order to be identified with the applicable JTSO marking.

2 - Procedures

2.1 - General Applicable procedures are detailed in JAR-TSO Subpart A.

2.2 - Specific None.

3 - Technical Conditions

3.1 - Basic

3.1.1 - Minimum Performance Standard Standards set forth in the Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc., (SAE) Aerospace Standard (AS) Document : AS 8015B “Parachute Assemblies and Components, Personnel”, dated July 7, 1992.

3.1.2 - Environmental Standard None.

3.2 - Specific None.

4 - Marking

4.1 - General Marking is detailed in JAR-TSO Subpart A.

4.2 - Specific None.

5 - Availability of Referenced Document SAE documents may be purchased from the Society of Automotive Engineers Inc., 400 Commonwealth Drive, Warrendale, PA 15096.

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JTSO–C25a

Date: 10.6.91

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Subject: AIRCRAFT SEATS AND BERTHS (TYPE I TRANSPORT 6g FORWARD LOAD)

1 - Applicability This JTSO gives the requirements which seats, used in transport category aircraft for which an application for type certificate was made prior to March 5, 1952, that are manufactured on or after the date of this JTSO must meet in order to be identified with the applicable JTSO marking.

2 - Procedures

2.1 - General Applicable procedures are detailed in JAR-TSO Subpart A.

2.2 - Specific None.

3 - Technical Conditions

3.1 - Basic

3.1.1 - Minimum Performance Standard

Standards set forth in National Aircraft Standard Specification 806, revised January 1, 1956, as amended and supplemented by this JTSO:

Exceptions

(i)

The ultimate loads corresponding to the aircraft reduced weight gust load factor or the airplane designer’s special requirements may exceed the ultimate down loads for Type I seats specified in subsection 4.1.2 of NAS 806. For the purpose of this order, in order to provide for such loading conditions, the ultimate down loads specified in table 1 of 4.1.2 for Type I seats shall be 1,000 pounds (6g) instead of 765 pounds.

(ii)

To insure that pilot and copilot seats will provide for the rearwards loads resulting from the application of pilot forces to the flight controls, such seats shall withstand a rearward load of 450 pounds. The load shall be applied 8 inches above the intersection of the seat back with the seat bottom.

(iii)

The weight of the seat or berth times the appropriate “g” value shall be added to the design ultimate load specified in subdivision (i) and in subsection 4.1.2 of NAS 806.

(iv)

For the purpose of this order, 4.3(c) of NAS 806 should read: “that the structure is capable of supporting without failure for at least 3 seconds the ultimate loads specified in this order when applied separately.”

3.1.2 - Environmental Standard None.

3.2 - Specific None.

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JTSO–C25a

5 - Availability of Referenced Document - NAS specifications may be obtained from NATIONAL STANDARDS ASSOCIATION, 1321 14th Street N.W., WASHINGTON D.C. 20005.

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Subject: TWIN SEAPLANES FLOATS

JTSO–C27

Date: 10.6.91

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1 - Applicability This JTSO gives the requirements which twin seaplanes floats that are manufactured on or after the date of this JTSO must meet in order to be identified with the applicable JTSO marking.

2 - Procedures

2.1 - General Applicable procedures are detailed in JAR-TSO Subpart A.

2.2 - Specific None.

3 - Technical Conditions

3.1 - Basic

3.1.1 - Minimum Performance Standard

Standards set forth in the National Aircraft Standards Specification NAS 807, dated June 1, 1951 as amended and supplemented by this JTSO:

(i)

Section 4.3.3.4 Unsymmetrical Landing. Two-Float Landing with Drift. Third sentence :

“The side load shall be tanb/4 times the step landing load of 4.3.3.1.”

(ii)

Section 4.3.3. Limit Load Factors for General Structure Design. Definition of symbols

following subpart (b) :

“V so = airplane design stalling speed at design landing weight with zero thrust and landing flaps or other high lift devices in position for landing. W = one half the airplane design landing weight.”

3.1.2 - Environmental Standard None.

3.2 - Specific None.

- Marking - General Marking is detailed in JAR-TSO Subpart A. Specific None.

4

4.1

4.2

5 - Availability of Referenced Document - NAS documents may be purchased from Aircraft Industries Association of America, Inc., 610 Shoreham building, Washington 5, D.C

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Subject: AIRCRAFT SKIS

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JTSO–C28

Date: 10.6.91

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1 - Applicability This JTSO gives the requirements which aircraft skis that are manufactured on or after the date of this JTSO must meet in order to be identified with the applicable JTSO marking.

2 - Procedures

2.1 - General Applicable procedures are detailed in JAR-TSO Subpart A.

2.2 - Specific None.

3 - Technical Conditions

3.1 - Basic

3.1.1 - Minimum Performance Standard

Standards set forth in the National Aircraft Standards Specification NAS 808, dated December 15,

1951.

3.1.2 - Environmental Standard None.

3.2 - Specific None.

4 - Marking

4.1 - General Marking is detailed in JAR-TSO Subpart A.

4.2 - Specific None.

5 - Availability of Referenced Document - NAS documents may be purchased from Aircraft Industries Association of America, Inc., 610 Shoreham building, Washingtom 5, D.C

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Subject: AIRCRAFT POSITION LIGHTS

JTSO–C30c

Date: 13.9.95

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1 - Applicability This JTSO gives the requirements which new models of aircraft position lights that are manufactured on or after the date of this JTSO must meet in order to be identified with the applicable JTSO marking.

2 - Procedures

2.1 - General Applicable procedures are detailed in JAR-TSO Subpart A.

2.2 - Specific None.

3 - Technical Conditions

3.1 - Basic

3.1.1 Minimum Performance Standard

Standards set forth in the Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc., (SAE) Aerospace Standard (AS) Document AS 8037 “Minimum Performance Standard for Aircraft Position Lights” dated January

1986.

3.1.2 - Environmental Standard

EUROCAE/RTCA document ED 14B/DO 160B “Environmental Conditions and Test Procedures for Airborne Equipment” dated July 1984.

3.2 - Specific None.

4 - Marking

4.1 - General In lieu of the marking detailed in JAR-TSO Subpart A, the minimum lamp candle power or lamp part number shall be shown.

4.2 - Specific None.

5 - Availability of Referenced Document - SAE documents may be purchased from the Society of Automotive Engineers Inc., 400 Commonwealth Drive, Warrendale, Pennsylvania 15096.

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JTSO–C31d

Date: 13.9.95

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Subject: HIGH FREQUENCY (HF) RADIO COMMUNICATIONS TRANSMITTING EQUIPMENT OPERATING WITHIN THE RADIO FREQUENCY RANGE 1.5-30 MEGAHERTZ.

1 - Applicability This JTSO gives the requirements which new models of high frequency radio communications transmitting equipment operating within the radio frequency range 1.5-30 megahertz must meet in order to be identified with the applicable JTSO marking.

2 - Procedures

2.1 - General Applicable procedures are detailed in JAR-TSO Subpart A.

2.2 - Specific None.

3 - Technical Conditions

3.1 - General

3.1.1 - Minimum Performance Standard Standards set forth in Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics (RTCA) Document DO-163 dated March 19, 1976 as amended and supplemented by this JTSO. Additions In addition to paragraph 1.0, General Standards, of RTCA DO-163, all materials used except small

parts (such as knobs, fasteners, seals, grommets and small electrical parts) that would not contribute significantly to the propagation of a fire, must be self-extinguishing when tested in accordance with applicable requirements of JAR 25.869(a)(4) and Appx F at Change 14.

3.1.2 - Environmental Standard EUROCAE/RTCA document ED-14C/DO-160C, “Environmental Conditions and Test Procedures for Airborne Equipment”, dated December, 1989.

3.1.3 - Computer Software If the equipment design implementation includes a digital computer, the computer software must be verified and validated in an acceptable manner. One acceptable means of compliance for the verification and validation of the computer software is outlined in EUROCAE/RTCA document ED-12B/DO-178B, “Software considerations in Airborne Systems and Equipment Certification”, dated December 1992. For those applicants who elect to use EUROCAE/RTCA document ED-12B/DO-178B to demonstrate compliance for the verification and validation of the computer software, the following requirements must be met:

(i)

This document defines three levels of software:

Level 1, Level 2 and Level 3. The applicant must declare the level (or levels) to which the computer software has been verified and validated. This equipment may incorporate more than one software level.

(ii)

The applicant must submit a software verification and validation plan for review and approval.

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3.2 - Specific

None.

4 - Marking

4.1 - General Marking is detailed in JAR-TSO Subpart A.

4.2 - Specific None.

5 - Availability of Referenced Document

JTSO–C31d

- EUROCAE documents may be purchased from the European Organisation for Civil Aviation Electronics: 11, rue Hamelin 75783 PARIS CEDEX 16.

- RTCA documents may be purchased from the Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics Secretariat, One Mc Pherson Square, 1425 K Street, NW, Suite 500, Washington, DC 20005.

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FREQUENCY

(HF)

JTSO–C32d

Date: 13.9.95

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RADIO

COMMUNICATIONS

RECEIVING

EQUIPMENT

OPERATING WITHIN THE RADIO FREQUENCY RANGE 1.5-30 MEGAHERTZ.

1 - Applicability This JTSO gives the requirements which new models of high frequency radio communications receiving equipment operating within the radio frequency range 1.5-30 megahertz must meet in order to be identified with the applicable JTSO marking.

2 - Procedures

2.1 - General Applicable procedures are detailed in JAR-TSO Subpart A.

2.2 - Specific None.

3 - Technical Conditions

3.1 - General

3.1.1 -